Openrouteservice API web SPA client using VueJS, Vuetify and Vue2Leaflet

Openrouteservice API web SPA client using VueJS, Vuetify and Vue2Leaflet

Openrouteservice API web SPA client using VueJS, Vuetify and Vue2Leaflet .This application implements a map client for the openrouteservice API as Single Page Application (SPA).

ORS map client

This application implements a map client for the openrouteservice API as Single Page Application (SPA).

The base application is built using VueJS, Vuetify and a set of custom components, directives and services. The structure uses a feature-by-folder design, allowing view, code and translation elements to be contained in a folder.

This app uses single file components and others non-native javascript code that are transpiled to native javascript during the build process. That is way the app needs to be compiled before running it either in dev or production mode. The VueJS components allow a better code organization, weak and clear coupling between components and an easier code understanding.

Sections

Set up and run locally

Run the app locally in three steps: set the environment up, get the code and define a configuration file.

1 - To manage dependencies and pack the app it is necessary to have Node version 12. If you already have it, skip this step. If you don't, please install it by running:

curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_12.x | bash - && \
apt-get update && \
apt-get install -y nodejs && \
npm install -g npm && \
npm update -g

2 - Clone the repository of the ORS Map Client, go to the root folder and install the dependencies:

git clone https://github.com/GIScience/ors-map-client.git

# Go to your local repository root folder
cd ors-map-client

# The installation of dependencies is required before running the app:
npm install

3 - Create a config.js, at the root folder, using the the provided config-example.js file as model. Usually only the following properties need to be defined:

  • userApiKey - ORS API key to be used when ot running the app from localhost or ors valid domains
  • bitlyApiKey - the bitly key that will be used to shorten the share URL
  • bitlyLogin - the bitly login that will be used to shorten the share URL

The app is ready to run in dev mode. Do it by running:

npm run dev
# This will start a standalone http node server and the host and port to access it will be displayed

App folders

App folder structure under src:

  • assets - where the images and icon sare stored
  • common - available mixins, http client, main menu, Vue with Vuetify and theme
  • crud - custom CRUD solution to interact with data repository
  • directives - custom directives
  • filters - custom filters
  • fragments - all app fragments used by pages
  • i18n - internationalization resources
  • models - models used to deal transport ors response data and deals with app state and transitions
  • pages - app pages. currently only the maps page is available
  • resoures - where support files like the loader lib, definitions and options used to process requests, responses are placed
  • router - router component based on vue-router
  • shared-services - shared services that can be used by various components
  • store - app store definitions
  • support - support utilities, like geo-utils, ors-api-runner, routes-resolver and app modes

App flow overview

This is a Single Page Application (SPA). This means that the client app is loaded on the browser and defines which components and pages are processed based on the browser URL. The app watches every change in the browser URL and updates its state based on that. These URL changes don't trigger a request to the back-end directly, but the components loaded/updated will decide which RESTfull requests must be made to load the required data. In other words, it means that the front-end (this app) is decoupled from the back-ends (ORS API and ORS website)

The app load cycle follows these steps:

  1. Execute the main.js file and add global extensions, mixins components and external libs.
  2. The main.js also includes the main router script, the main vuex store and the main i18n file, that will internally, each one, load all the additional .router.js files, .store.js files and .i18n.js files.
  3. main.js file will create a VueJS app instance and load the App.vue.
  4. App.vue includes all basic navigation components, like menu, sidebar, footer and etc.
  5. As soon as all the routes are loaded, including the ones in the pages sub folder, the page with the / route will also be rendered in the <router-view></router-view> in App.vue component.

Data flow, state and requests to services, in a simplified view, happens as follows:

  • The app is loaded
    1. the menu items are loaded from ORS website service
    2. the app mode is defined based on the matching URL in the targeted route.js file
    3. the maps page, uses the app mode utility to define the app state using the current mode. This utility will also populate the values of the ors-map-filters based on the URL and build the AppRouteData
    4. based on the app mode/state certain components are activated/displayed
    5. Every component, once activated, may use the data in ors-map-filters to render its elements and may run requests to the ORS api using the ors-api-runner lib. Once the request succeed, the response data will be used to fill the MapViewData object.
    6. Once a input is changed the app goes to a new URL and this makes the flow restart at the number 2.
    7. If a component changes the MapViewData model, it emits an event to the maps page, that passes the current MapViewData object to the MapView component.
    8. Interactions via MapView may result in events sent back to maps page, that may notify other child components that in their turn may change the URL and trigger the step 2 again.

Feature-by-folder design

This app uses feature by folder components and predefined folders where the business code should be placed in. Example of this design usage:

Page:

  • my-page-name (folder)
    • MyPageName.vue (main VueJS component file)
    • my-page-name.css (styles for the page, included by the MyPageName.vue component)
    • my-page-name.store.js (Vuex store module for the page, included by the store/store.js loader)
    • my-page-name.route.js (route to reach this page, included by the router/index loader)
    • i18n (folder)
      • my-page-name.i18n.en.js (in this example containing the EN resources for the page)

Component:

  • my-fragment-name (folder under src/fragments/)

    • MyFragmentName.vue (main VueJS component file)
    • my-fragment-name.css (styles for the page, included by the MyPageName.vue component)
    • my-fragment-name.store.js (Vuex store module for the page, included by the store/store.js loader)
    • my-fragment-name.route.js (route to reach this page, included by the router/index loader)
    • i18n (folder)
      • my-fragment-name.i18n.en.js (in this example containing the EN resources for the component)

The app will automatically load:

  • all the locale resources in i18n folder ending with .i18n.*.js where * is the locale
  • the defined routes in files ending with .routes.js
  • the store definitions in files ending with .store.js

CRUD component

The generic crud solution allows the communication with a back-end api with minimum code. You just need to define the endpoint of a resource and add the crud to a component by instantiating it to a vue.js component. See more at CRUD docs

Reserved methods and accessors

All the VueJS components created (including the fragments) will have, by default, the following methods/accessors define din the main vue instance app:

  • showMessage (msg, theme, options) - shows a message using the toaster with specified theme and options

  • showError (msg, options) - shows an error message using the toaster with the specified options

  • showWarning (msg, options) - shows a warning message using the toaster with the specified options

  • showInfo (msg, options) - shows an info message using the toaster with the specified options

  • showSuccess (msg, options) - shows a success message using the toaster with the specified options

  • confirmDialog (title, text, options) - shows a confirm dialog with the specified title, text and options and returns a promise. If the user clicks yes, the promise will be resolved, if s/he clicks on no, the promise will be rejected.

  • eventBus - accessor to global event bus object, that allows to broadcast and get events in all components

  • $http - accessor to custom wrapped axios http client, encapsulating authentication and loading bar status

  • $store - accessor to app store that used vuex

  • lodash - accessor to lodash lib, useful for manipulate arrays an objects.

Pages

  • maps - the page where the user can search places, routes and create isochrones

The menu displayed in the header and in the sidebar (low resolution and mobile devices) is loaded from the ORS website back-end server and adjusted to be shown according the resolution.

The menu items are fetched on the created event of the @/fragments/Header component. It dispatches the store fetchMainMenu and the menu is retrieved by @/common/main-menu.js that internally uses @/support/menu-manager.js and @/support/model-service.js. Once the items from the back-end are loaded, they are used to add/remove custom items and define sidebar item icons in @/common/main-menu.js.

Debug

If you are using WebStorm you should set the webpack config (settings -> Languages & Frameworks -> JavaScript -> Webpack) to {path to ors-map-client}/build/webpack.base.conf.js so the file paths are resolved correctly.

To debug the application you must run it in dev mode. For better debugging in your browser install the VueJS devtools extension. After doing that, open the application in the browser and press F12 and select the tab Console, Vue or Sources (and then expand e.g.: webpack://src).

Build and deploy

The app must be built before it is deployed. To do so, run:

cd <project-root-folder>/
npm run build

Important: to run the built application you must to set up a web server and put this repository (after the build) there. The index.html at the root of this repository is expected to load the app.

For a detailed explanation on how webpack works, check out the guide and docs for vue-loader.

Contribute

Any comment, feedback and contribution is very welcomed!

But, like almost every team, we have limited workforce and we have to define priorities.

Bugs: If you have identified any bug and think that you can help fixing it, please create an issue first instead of directly submitting a push request. So the people involved will have the opportunity to discuss it.

New festures: If you want to contribute by adding a new feature or improve an existing one, please also create an issue. We do want contributions and the community effort is very important to us, but features may add complexity and future maintenance effort. Because of this, we have also to analyze the trade off of such contributions. We just have to decide about them together before the hands on. This approach is intended to create cohesion and keep the project sustainable.

Current needs

As you may notice, this project is an on going project and thus there is a lot of room for improvement. We already have in mind some of these possible improvements and some of them are listed below:

  • Tests (unit, e2e) - we need it, but we were not able to implement it yet. It is one of the priorities of our list. So, if you can contribute with it, please let us know.
  • Rendering performance - we are continuously looking for performance improvement. If you think you can suggest a better way to deal with the rendering phase in a way that it improves the speed, please tell us. We are relying on Vue2leaflet for this.
  • Accessibility of the app for people with special needs
  • User test to check that the app works in multiple browsers, resolutions and devices (versions of Mac, Windows, Linux, Android and Iphone) and their multiple possible browsers

Download Details:

Author: GIScience

Demo: https://openrouteservice.org/map/

Source Code: https://github.com/GIScience/ors-map-client

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