Top 9 Upcoming Trends for Web Development in 2020

Top 9 Upcoming Trends for Web Development in 2020

Web Development Trends 2020. What's hot in web development in 2020? What should you learn, which technologies should you not miss out on? Here are the top 9 web development trends that ought to have the biggest generally speaking effect on the business in 2020.

The development of technology has completely changed the way of life of mankind. They helped automate and facilitate most processes. Also, technologies have created a completely different idea about web development. Trends are not just turned upside down: a new trend has appeared.

Every company today is entering a "new era" of programming. Developers should not miss a single update to stay on top of the game. What will be the key points of large corporations in web development?

Table of Contents
  1. Artificial Intelligence
  2. Neural networks
  3. Internet of things
  4. Single Page Applications (SPA)
  5. Static site generators
  6. Chat bots
  7. Javascript and Python
  8. Adaptability and saturation
  9. Progressive web applications
1. Artificial Intelligence

How well are you familiar with this technology? At a minimum, each of you have heard that artificial intelligence makes the basis of most modern developments. But nowadays there are still users who believe that the AI is just starting to gain momentum. Here is a small list of what developers have already done:

  • copyright protection in social networks is made through a neural network;
  • customers receive offers from online stores based on previous purchases;
  • voice search optimization;
  • automatic selection of the most optimal elements of web design (gamma, fonts, button shapes, etc.);
  • analysis of user emotions by comments.

The era of "robots" has already begun. Companies around the world are increasingly inclined to use the capabilities of AI. This market is growing and setting the pace in any industry.

Developing a functional website used to take several months. Today, many can cope with this task in a few weeks. But the fulfillment of such a task is a strong brainstorming. In addition, the developer needs a lot of resources to achieve the goal. It comes to the aid of artificial intelligence, which can create the site itself. Check out the following video about design trends to know while you develop apps:

AI is still far from the high-quality development of Motion design or informative gif-animations. But it is able to do not just a layout, but 80% of all work. Thus, web developers will be able to concentrate on creating the “charm” of the site. In other words, AI will provide an opportunity to develop skills. Therefore, it will be the main trend for many years to come, dictating trends in other components of web development.

2. Neural networks

A small part of everything we used to call "artificial intelligence." However, the neural network does the lion’s share of the work. The above mentioned copyright protection is achieved thanks to this technology.

The principle of operation is to search for matches and dependent relationships, as well as monitoring the weights (if the action is successful, the scales go in his direction, using this experience in the future and vice versa).

The first implementation of the technology in the project is the zero point. A small flaw in the neural network is that it needs time for “self-learning”. In other words, it must perform the actions to remember the correct ones and use them in the future. But such a principle gradually eliminates the possibility of an error.

How to implement a neural network in the field of web development? One option is to “show” thousands of finished projects and feedback about them. Thus, it will understand what is good and what is bad and will be able to create its own website. According to this principle, the neural network:

  • wrote the music, listening to world bestsellers;
  • painted a picture, analyzing the masterpieces of fine art;
  • wins professionals in challenging games like Dota 2 and GO.

If you follow the trend of using AI, you should first of all turn to the neural network. It will be the basis for most web development solutions.

3. Internet of things

An extensive concept that is undeniably applicable in web development. The Internet has a huge impact on all areas of life. Almost everyone depends on the Internet in one way or another. Business organizations, service providers and other corporations cannot exist without it at all today.

The idea that the use of the intellectual potential of devices and their sensors will bring “business” to a new level is gaining more and more popularity.

Continuous interaction of technology and applications will play a key role in service delivery and web development.

As seen in the Statista infographic, by 2020 almost 31 billion devices will be connected to the Internet. This has a huge impact on further trends in web development. Indeed, with the growth of this indicator, the efficiency of device synchronization increases.

Today, there are not so many websites, smartphones and applications that have IoT integration. Among them are Google Home and Uber. For example, you can call the car through the application, and confirm the completion of the trip with voice commands on arrival home.

But the concept remains the center of attention. Web development is moving into a “new dimension”, of which the Internet of things will be a part.

4. Single Page Applications (SPA)

Not a new trend that is not losing popularity yet. Typically, this technology is used to create websites that interact with the user by dynamically rewriting the entire page, instead of fully loading new pages from the server.

Somehow this principle can be compared with the development of computer games. The computer has at once all the information about the gaming environment. However, only the part in which the camera is turned is displayed on the screen. All that "outside the lens" has no appearance. But when transferring the camera, some textures are loaded, while others are cleared from memory.

In the case of sites, the common code will be permanently extracted, displaying key elements of the service (navigation bar, background, registration window, etc.), and the rest will be loaded and added to the page as necessary (in response to user actions).

To understand the technology, I propose to read the Hacker Rank report on the development of developer skills and upcoming programming trends.
This approach will avoid interrupting user interaction between consecutive pages. SPA spared from difficult navigation and swirling menus. They perfectly adapt to any device. That’s why they will be relevant in 2020.

5. Static site generators

Motion design is rapidly developing web development. It increases the interactivity factor, providing the user with a more comfortable way to get information. But despite its effectiveness, it is not always appropriate. That’s why I want to draw attention to the static site generators.

Development of such sites from scratch takes time that programmers can spend on learning new technologies and designers new trends. But in some cases it’s preferable to make static web pages:

  • postal services;
  • news portals;
  • second-hand stores;
  • government sites.

In all these cases, the user needs the highest speed of loading text data. Adding dynamics will slow performance. Moreover, the Motion design of such sites will not bring special benefits.

Therefore, statics comes to counterbalance animation trends. Developers are easier to use generators like Hugo and Jekyll, making the necessary edits after generation. This saves time by allowing you to create a website in 24 hours.

6. Chat bots

This technology has been added to most applications and sites for a very long time. But its quality left much to be desired. Many bots could give incorrect or not at all relevant answers.

Already mentioned neural network has made its own adjustments. Now chat bots are not limited to the preloaded base. They can learn by remembering the most unusual treatment. This makes it much easier for users to work with the site and with the application.

Some bots can not just answer questions, but even perform some functions. For example, the bot of a mobile bank can change the credit limit or create a template for paying utility bills (if requested by the user). Thus, the work of applications becomes much more efficient and faster.

7. Javascript and Python

Web development is impossible without a programming language, because I want to highlight the two main trends of recent years, which do not leave the top. Javascript is widely recognized as the best in all indicators. This is supported by Github, Pypl-index and Stackoverflow. Back-end programming language Python breathes in his back.

Their popularity is due to such advantages:

  • highest performance;
  • easy integration of toolboxes;
  • high safety of end products.

Among the shortcomings, as a rule, there is only the difficulty in studying. Although Python is characterized by low efficiency for developing mobile applications.

If you want to work as a web developer in a large corporation, then these two languages are required to learn. Statistics show that despite the high competition, Javascript and Python will occupy the top of the rating, which means that the relevant specialists will be in demand.

8. Adaptability and saturation

For the past few years, web development has focused on simplicity, functionality and performance. But the development of technology has allowed to expand the boundaries and add more elements to applications and sites without loss of quality. That’s why the new trend is adding more images and animations.

This approach is much more practical, because it increases the completeness of the transmitted information. Moreover, animations make apps and sites more interactive, which improves user experience.

At the same time, the content should look aesthetically pleasing on any device. Thus, adaptability is a trend that goes along with the trend of increasing the amount of visual content.

These two areas allow you to reach a wider audience. First of all, this is due to the fact that users are increasingly visiting services via mobile phones. If the site looks unnatural, interest will significantly decrease.

9. Progressive web applications

Progressive web applications are web sites that have functionality similar to a mobile application. Their task is to increase conversion and simplify the use of sites on smartphones.

Among the features worth highlighting:

  • adaptability;
  • the ability to use offline;
  • synchronization with other devices thanks to IoT;
  • easy installation (no need to go to the Playmarket or the Appstore).

One of the successful examples of such an application is Starbucks. The company has created a PWA ordering system that is identical to a mobile application. Thanks to its offline mode of operation, it allows customers to:

  • view the menu;
  • customize orders and preferences;
  • add products to cart.

Having connected to the network, the user can find out the location of the nearest cafeteria where his favorite drinks are. He can also view prices, confirm orders, just to pick them up when he comes to Starbucks.

Such applications are increasingly gaining popularity, since they do not take up space on the device, allow you to work with the service at any time, regardless of access to the Internet, and provide an interface that is identical to convenient mobile applications. That is why more and more companies are starting to implement this technology.

JavaScript vs Python: Will Python Replace JavaScript popularity by 2020?

JavaScript vs Python: Will Python Replace JavaScript popularity by 2020?

JavaScript is currently the most commonly used programming language but now Python is dishing out some stiff competition. Python has been steadily increasing in popularity so much so that it is now the fastest-growing programming language. So will Python Replace JavaScript popularity by 2020?

This is the Clash of the Titans!!

And no…I am not talking about the Hollywood movie (don’t bother watching it…it’s horrible!). I am talking about JavaScript and Python, two of the most popular programming languages in existence today.

JavaScript is currently the most commonly used programming language (and has been for quite some time!) but now Python is dishing out some stiff competition. Python has been steadily increasing in popularity so much so that it is now the fastest-growing programming language. So now the question is…Will Python Replace JavaScript popularity by 2020?

To understand the above question correctly, it is important to know more about JavaScript and Python as well as the reasons for their popularity. So let’s start with JavaScript first!

Why is JavaScript so popular?

JavaScript is a high-level, interpreted programming language that is most popular as a scripting language for Web pages. This means that if a web page is not just sitting there and displaying static information, then JavaScript is probably behind that. And that’s not all, there are even advanced versions of the language such as Node.js which is used for server-side scripting.

JavaScript is an extremely popular language. And if my word doesn’t convince you, here are the facts!!!

According to StackOverflow Developer Survey Results 2019, JavaScript is the most commonly used programming language, used by 69.7 % of professional developers. And this is a title it has claimed the past seven years in a row.

In addition to that, the most commonly used Web Frameworks are jQuery, Angular.js and React.js (All of which incidentally use JavaScript). Now if that doesn’t demonstrate JavaScript’s popularity, what does?!

Image Source: Stackoverflow

So now the question arises…Why is JavaScript so popular?

Well, some of the reasons for that are:

  • JavaScript is used both on the client-side and the server-side. This means that it runs practically everywhere from browsers to powerful servers. This gives it an edge over other languages that are not so versatile.
  • JavaScript implements multiple paradigms ranging from OOP to procedural. This allows developers the freedom to experiment as they want.
  • JavaScript has a large community of enthusiasts that actively back the language. Without this, it would have been tough for JavaScript to establish the number one position it has.
Can Python Replace JavaScript in Popularity?

Python is an interpreted, general-purpose programming language that has multiple uses ranging from web applications to data analysis. This means that Python can be seen in complex websites such as YouTube or Instagram, in cloud computing projects such as OpenStack, in Machine Learning, etc. (basically everywhere!)

Python has been steadily increasing in popularity so much so that it is the fastest-growing major programming language today according to StackOverflow Developer Survey Results 2019.

This is further demonstrated by this Google Trends chart showing the growth of Python as compared to JavaScript over the last 5 years:

As shown in the above data, Python recorded increased search interest as compared to JavaScript for the first time around November 2017 and it has maintained its lead ever since. This shows remarkable growth in Python as compared to 5 years ago.

In fact, Stack Overflow created a model to forecast its future traffic based on a model called STL and guess what…the prediction is that Python could potentially stay in the lead against JavaScript till 2020 at the least.

Image Source : Stackoverflow

All these trends indicate that Python is extremely popular and getting even more popular with time. Some of the reasons for this incredible performance of Python are given as follows:

  • Python is Easy To Use
    No one likes excessively complicated things and that’s one of the reasons for the growing popularity of Python. It is simple with an easily readable syntax and that makes it well loved by both seasoned developers and experimental students. In addition to this, Python is also supremely efficient. It allows developers to complete more work using fewer lines of code. With all these advantages, what’s not to love?!!
  • Python has a Supportive Community
    Python has been around since 1990 and that is ample time to create a supportive community. Because of this support, Python learners can easily improve their knowledge, which only leads to increasing popularity. And that’s not all! There are many resources available online to promote Python, ranging from official documentation to YouTube tutorials that are a big help for learners.
  • Python has multiple Libraries and Frameworks
    Python is already quite popular and consequently, it has hundreds of different libraries and frameworks that can be used by developers. These libraries and frameworks are really useful in saving time which in turn makes Python even more popular. Some of the popular libraries of Python are NumPy and SciPy for scientific computing, Django for web development, BeautifulSoup for XML and HTML parsing, scikit-learn for machine learning applications, nltk for natural language processing, etc.
So What’s the Conclusion?

While JavaScript is currently the most popular programming language, Python could soon outstrip it of this title based on its incredible growth rate. So it is entirely possible that Python could be the most popular programming language by 2020.

However, this will merely impact the relative popularity of these two languages and not specify which among them is the better language. That choice is entirely subjective and may depend on multiple factors such as project requirements, scalability, ease of learning as well as the future growth prospects.

JavaScript vs Python : Can Python outperform JavaScript in the next five years?

JavaScript vs Python : Can Python outperform JavaScript in the next five years?

JavaScript and Python are two influential programming languages for building a wide range of applications. While JavaScript has been the dominant programming language for many years, Python’s fast-growth threatens to dethrone the widely popular technology.

JavaScript and Python are two influential programming languages for building a wide range of applications. While JavaScript has been the dominant programming language for many years, Python’s fast-growth threatens to dethrone the widely popular technology.

This is the Clash of the Titans!!

And no…I am not talking about the Hollywood movie (don’t bother watching it…it’s horrible!). I am talking about JavaScript** and **Python, two of the most popular programming languages in existence today.

JavaScript is currently the most commonly used programming language (and has been for quite some time!) but now Python is dishing out some stiff competition. Python has been steadily increasing in popularity so much so that it is now the fastest-growing programming language. So now the question is…Will Python Replace JavaScript popularity by 2020?

To understand the above question correctly, it is important to know more about JavaScript and Python as well as the reasons for their popularity. So let’s start with JavaScript first!

Why is JavaScript so popular?

JavaScript is a high-level, interpreted programming language that is most popular as a scripting language for Web pages. This means that if a web page is not just sitting there and displaying static information, then JavaScript is probably behind that. And that’s not all, there are even advanced versions of the language such as Node.js which is used for server-side scripting.

JavaScript is an extremely popular language. And if my word doesn’t convince you, here are the facts!!!

According to StackOverflow Developer Survey Results 2019, JavaScript is the most commonly used programming language, used by 69.7 % of professional developers. And this is a title it has claimed the past seven years in a row.

In addition to that, the most commonly used Web Frameworks are jQuery, Angular.js and React.js (All of which incidentally use JavaScript). Now if that doesn’t demonstrate JavaScript’s popularity, what does?!

Image Source: Stackoverflow

So now the question arises…Why is JavaScript so popular?

Well, some of the reasons for that are:
JavaScript is used both on the client-side and the server-side. This means that it runs practically everywhere from browsers to powerful servers. This gives it an edge over other languages that are not so versatile.JavaScript implements multiple paradigms ranging from OOP to procedural. This allows developers the freedom to experiment as they want.JavaScript has a large community of enthusiasts that actively back the language. Without this, it would have been tough for JavaScript to establish the number one position it has.

Can Python Replace JavaScript in Popularity?

Python is an interpreted, general-purpose programming language that has multiple uses ranging from web applications to data analysis. This means that Python can be seen in complex websites such as YouTube or Instagram, in cloud computing projects such as OpenStack, in Machine Learning, etc. (basically everywhere!)

Python has been steadily increasing in popularity so much so that it is the fastest-growing major programming language today according to StackOverflow Developer Survey Results 2019.

This is further demonstrated by this Google Trends chart showing the growth of Python as compared to JavaScript over the last 5 years:

As shown in the above data, Python recorded increased search interest as compared to JavaScript for the first time around November 2017 and it has maintained its lead ever since. This shows remarkable growth in Python as compared to 5 years ago.

In fact, Stack Overflow created a model to forecast its future traffic based on a model called STL and guess what…the prediction is that Python could potentially stay in the lead against JavaScript till 2020 at the least.

Image Source : Stackoverflow

All these trends indicate that Python is extremely popular and getting even more popular with time. Some of the reasons for this incredible performance of Python are given as follows:
Python is Easy To UseNo one likes excessively complicated things and that’s one of the reasons for the growing popularity of Python. It is simple with an easily readable syntax and that makes it well loved by both seasoned developers and experimental students. In addition to this, Python is also supremely efficient. It allows developers to complete more work using fewer lines of code. With all these advantages, what’s not to love?!!Python has a Supportive CommunityPython has been around since 1990 and that is ample time to create a supportive community. Because of this support, Python learners can easily improve their knowledge, which only leads to increasing popularity. And that’s not all! There are many resources available online to promote Python, ranging from official documentation to YouTube tutorials that are a big help for learners.Python has multiple Libraries and FrameworksPython is already quite popular and consequently, it has hundreds of different libraries and frameworks that can be used by developers. These libraries and frameworks are really useful in saving time which in turn makes Python even more popular. Some of the popular libraries of Python are NumPy and SciPy for scientific computing, Django for web development, BeautifulSoup for XML and HTML parsing, scikit-learn for machine learning applications, nltk for natural language processing, etc.## So What’s the Conclusion?

While JavaScript is currently the most popular programming language, Python could soon outstrip it of this title based on its incredible growth rate. So it is entirely possible that Python could be the most popular programming language by 2020.

However, this will merely impact the relative popularity of these two languages and not specify which among them is the better language. That choice is entirely subjective and may depend on multiple factors such as project requirements, scalability, ease of learning as well as the future growth prospects.

Why I use Java? Why not C#, JavaScript, or Python?

Why I use Java? Why not C#, JavaScript, or Python?

In this article, you'll see some reasons to I learn and use Java, why not C#, JavaScript, or Python? and why Java is one of the best programming language

But why Java? Why not C#, JavaScript, or Python?

Well… there were a few well-thought reasons behind this decision.

The top 3 programming languages in the world right now are Python, Java, and JavaScript. Sorry my C# friends, C# is not in the top 3 list. I’ll talk about C# later in this post.

Why not JavaScript?

Yes, we can do object-oriented programming with JavaScript. But let’s be real. Object-oriented programming with JavaScript is a bit messy. JavaScript classes are not real classes. They are syntactic sugar over constructor functions. Also, in JavaScript, we don’t have access modifiers like public and private. Yes, we can achieve them using other ways and I’ve demonstrated that in my Object-oriented Programming with JavaScript course. But still, JavaScript is not the best language for object-oriented programming.

Why not Python?

Python is a great language. I love it! It’s free of clutter and is simple to use. It also has better support for OOP features. So, why didn’t I choose Python? Because based on my research, Python is often used among people in the data science community, rather than professional software engineers.

Yes, you we use Python to build desktop and mobile apps as well as backends. However, Python is not the language of choice for building mobile or desktop apps. These days, the majority of people are building mobile apps using cross-platform solutions such as React Native or Flutter. Others do native development in Java (for Android) or Swift (for iOS). The same applies to building desktop applications with Python. Python is not very well known for that reason.

Why not C#?

C# and Java are very similar in terms of syntax and they both have great support for OOP features. So, why didn’t I choose C# given that I have several C# courses?

Well… I looked at different sources to see the popularity of Java vs C#. Google Trends is a great resource. As you saw earlier in the post, Java is way more popular than C#. Does it mean it’s a better language? Well, it depends on _how _we define “better”.

What is better? A Ferrari or a truck? It depends on what you want to do. Ferrari is a super-fast car but it’s useless if you want to use it to move house. Programming languages are the same. There is no such thing as the best programming language. Every language has pros and cons. C++ is well known for its speed. Python is popular for its simple and clean syntax as well as tons of resources for machine learning.

Just because Java is more popular, it doesn’t mean it’s a better language than C#. In my opinion, C# is a more feature-rich language but Java was marketed better.

C# and Java have been rivals since day one. Many of the features we’ve had in C# for a long time were introduced in Java years later. Some features don’t exist to this day! For example, in Java, we don’t have optional parameters which are very handy. We have to overload a method. Ugly! Jave interfaces are also bad.

I personally prefer C#. But as I said, Java has had better marketing and that’s why it’s always been more popular than C#.

Why Java?

So, I chose Java because it’s used more widely than C# amongst professional software engineers. There are more Java developers out there than C# developers. Most universities and colleges also tend to teach Java, rather than C#.

Now, all that aside, C# and Java are very similar in terms of the syntax. Recently I posted this tweet asking my students if this is Java or C# code?

The reality is I wrote this code in IntelliJ (a popular Java IDE). But the code is valid C# and Java code. Someone argued that this is an over-simplified example and shouldn’t be used as a basis for comparison. That is true. But my whole point is that if you understand this code, you can perfectly take my Data Structures or Design Patterns courses.

What You Should Take Away

In my opinion, Java in the programming world, is like the English language in the world we live in. If Italian or Hindi is the only language you speak, you’re probably not gonna get very far ahead.

If you understand English, you have access to tons of valuable resources. Whether you want to learn programming, or painting, or piano, if you “understand” English, you have tons of resources in front of you. You don’t need to be fluent in speaking English. All you need is to just understand it.

It’s the same story with Java. There are tons of great programming books written and these books use Java. If you simply understand the Java syntax, you can take advantage of these amazing resources. You don’t need to become a Java developer and let go of your favorite language, whether it is C# or JavaScript or Python or PHP.