Web tables or data tables are often used in scenarios where you need to display the information in a tabular format. The data being displayed can either be static or dynamic. You’d often see such examples in e-commerce portals, where product specifications are displayed in a web table. With its wide use, you’d often come across scenarios where you’ll need to handle them in your Selenium test automation scripts.
In this Selenium WebDriver tutorial, I’ll take a look at how to handle a web table in Selenium along with a few useful operations that can be performed on web tables. By the end of this tutorial, you’ll gain a thorough understanding of web tables in Selenium test automation along with methodologies used to access content in the web table.
Web table in Selenium is a WebElement just like any other popular WebElements like text boxes, radio buttons, checkboxes, drop-down menus, etc. Web table and its contents can be accessed by using the WebElement functions along with locators to identify the element (row/column) on which the operation needs to be performed.
A table consists of rows and columns. The table created for a web page is called a web table. Below are some of the important tags associated with a web table:
There are two broad categories of tables namely:
As the name indicates, the information in the table is static.
The information displayed in the table is dynamic. E.g. Detailed Product information on e-commerce websites, sales reports, etc.
For the demonstration to handle the table in Selenium, we make use of a table that is available in the w3school HTML table page. Though there are fewer cross-browser testing issues when using tables, some of the old browser versions of Internet Explorer, Chrome, and other web browsers don’t support HTML Table APIs.
Now that we’ve covered the basics, next in this Selenium WebDriver tutorial, I’ll take a look at some of the frequently used operations to handle tables in Selenium that would help in your Selenium test automation efforts.
I’ll use the local Selenium WebDriver for performing browser actions to handle tables in Selenium, present on w3schools HTML table page. The HTML code for the web table used for demonstration is available on the tryit adapter page.
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While you are automating your test cases with Selenium automation, here is how to start implementing Selenium getAttribute() method to get the best results.
Testing a web page can be a gargantuan task, considering all the elements and variables that come together to make a page work. Selenium automation is a great way to overcome these challenges and automate everything you would manually do. For example, Selenium makes it so much easier to take a screenshot using Python instead of doing it manually every time you come across a website issue.
Similarly, there are multiple scenarios while writing automation test cases when we need to verify a specific attribute on the web page. To ease our execution, the method to
getAttribute() in Selenium comes to the rescue. In this blog, we will understand what an attribute is and how we can handle web elements’ attributes using the Selenium
Let’s get to it, shall we?
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Selenium is an automation testing tool; it is primarily used to test websites and web applications; it is an open-source tool. With the help of Selenium, test cases can run directly in web browsers, just like a person operating the web browsers. It supports many web browsers such as Opera, Safari, Chrome, Firefox, IE, etc. There are several different sub tools to support different automation test approaches. In this article, we will learn about selenium tool suite, its components and features. So let’s start!!!
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WebDriver is used for the automation of web application testing so that it works as per the end user’s perspective. It is platform-independent as the same code works on all the major OS like Windows, macOS, and UNIX. WebDriver is one of the significant components of the Selenium, which also includes the Selenium RC, Selenium Grid, SIDE, and Selenium Json Client API. So, let’s have a look at some of the features of Selenium WebDriver.
Below are various benefits of selenium webdriver:
WebDriver interacts with the web applications and its web elements in a browser, just like a real user with the use of a browser native support to hit direct calls without using any other intermittent device or software. It supports mostly all the web browsers, which includes IE, Safari, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Edge. You can launch any browser with the help of easy commands. Selenium WebDriver also supports the iPhoneDriver, HTMLUnitDriver, and AndroidDriver.
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There are many software products that are built for a global audience. In my tenure as a developer, I have worked on multiple web (website or web app) projects that supported different languages. Though the Selenium framework was used for automation testing, using Internationalization in Selenium WebDriver posed a huge challenge.
The major challenge was to develop automated tests that could be run on all localized UIs. When performing Internationalization in Selenium WebDriver, it is essential to create an Internationalization testing checklist to ensure that the interface of the application is displayed in the language corresponding to the client locale.
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