Einar  Hintz

Einar Hintz

1594962060

Microservices with ASP.NET Core 3.1

The Microservices architecture style is shown in the figure above. Microservices Architecture is a style in which one large application is developed as a set of small independent services. Here each service implements a specific functionality and has its own data store. Each service functionality should be small enough to implement just one use case and big enough to provide some value. Each service should be deployable separately so that it can be scaled independently. As far as possible these services should be independent of each other and if there is a need for inter-service communication then some lightweight communication protocol can be used.

Identity Provider is used to provide user authentication services to an application.

_To know details about Identity Provider & also to know about how to secure your ASP.NET Core based application you can check my series on _ASP.NET Core Security

API Gateway is a single entry point for all requests that help in managing the endpoints and coordinates with different services.

Container is a standard unit of software that bundles application or feature and all of its dependencies so that application can be deployed quickly and reliably on any new system that has container host.

Container Orchestration is a piece of software that is used to manage the life-cycle of containers in a large application. This helps to scale application on basis of the load.

Microservice is the actual small independent service which is bundled in a container along with it dependencies

Data Store is used to store microservice data and the basic principle is that each service manages its own data.

Monolithic v/s Microservices

MonolithicMicroservicesSingle service/application should contain all the business functionalitySingle service should contains only one business functionalityAll service are tightly coupledAll services are loosely coupledApplication is developed in one single programming languageEach service can be in different programming languageSingle database for all services.Each service has separate databaseAll services needs to be deployed together on VMEach service can be deployed on separate VMAll services run in same process so if one service goes down then whole application breaksEach service runs in different process so failure of one service does not affects other servicesDifficult to scale a particular service as new instance will have to have all servicesCan be Scaled easily as any single service can be deployed independentlySingle large team works on whole applicationSeparate small team work on each Service which are more focused.Simple to develop & test small applicationsAdd complexity to the application by the fact that its a distributed system

Why microservices with ASP.NET Core?

.NET Core provides following advantages which works for microservices

  • A light-weight framework built from ground up
  • Cross-platform support
  • Optimized for containerization

Implement Microservices with ASP.NET Core

Here we will cover in detail the step by step process to create microservice with ASP.NET Core. We will be creating an order service that will provide endpoints to Add, Cancel, Get Order By Id & Get Order(s) By Customer Id in the application. This demo has been executed in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.6.2

Create Service with CRUD operations

Create ASP.NET Core Project

For microservices demo we will be creating a ASP.NET Core 3.1 Web API project.

ASP.NET Core 3.1 API Project Creation

Implement Order Service

We will be creating order microservice which will contain functionality only related to orders. We will be implementing following endpoints

  • Add – To create a new order
  • Cancel – To cancel an existing order
  • GetById – Get Order by Id
  • GetByCustomerId – Get all orders for Customer Id

Below we will quickly add the entity model for Order & enable entity framework core for order microservice.

_If you need further details on how an entity framework works then check my other article on _Entity Framework Core in ASP.NET Core 3.1

Add Model

Add an order entity class

public class Order
{
    public string Id { get; set; }
    public string ProductId { get; set; }
    public double Cost { get; set; }
    public DateTime Placed { get; set; }
    public string CustomerId { get; set; }
    public string Status { get; set; }
}

#programming #.net core #asp.net core 3.1 #asp.net core microservices #microservices

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Microservices with ASP.NET Core 3.1
Einar  Hintz

Einar Hintz

1602560783

jQuery Ajax CRUD in ASP.NET Core MVC with Modal Popup

In this article, we’ll discuss how to use jQuery Ajax for ASP.NET Core MVC CRUD Operations using Bootstrap Modal. With jQuery Ajax, we can make HTTP request to controller action methods without reloading the entire page, like a single page application.

To demonstrate CRUD operations – insert, update, delete and retrieve, the project will be dealing with details of a normal bank transaction. GitHub repository for this demo project : https://bit.ly/33KTJAu.

Sub-topics discussed :

  • Form design for insert and update operation.
  • Display forms in modal popup dialog.
  • Form post using jQuery Ajax.
  • Implement MVC CRUD operations with jQuery Ajax.
  • Loading spinner in .NET Core MVC.
  • Prevent direct access to MVC action method.

Create ASP.NET Core MVC Project

In Visual Studio 2019, Go to File > New > Project (Ctrl + Shift + N).

From new project window, Select Asp.Net Core Web Application_._

Image showing how to create ASP.NET Core Web API project in Visual Studio.

Once you provide the project name and location. Select Web Application(Model-View-Controller) and uncheck HTTPS Configuration. Above steps will create a brand new ASP.NET Core MVC project.

Showing project template selection for .NET Core MVC.

Setup a Database

Let’s create a database for this application using Entity Framework Core. For that we’ve to install corresponding NuGet Packages. Right click on project from solution explorer, select Manage NuGet Packages_,_ From browse tab, install following 3 packages.

Showing list of NuGet Packages for Entity Framework Core

Now let’s define DB model class file – /Models/TransactionModel.cs.

public class TransactionModel
{
    [Key]
    public int TransactionId { get; set; }

    [Column(TypeName ="nvarchar(12)")]
    [DisplayName("Account Number")]
    [Required(ErrorMessage ="This Field is required.")]
    [MaxLength(12,ErrorMessage ="Maximum 12 characters only")]
    public string AccountNumber { get; set; }

    [Column(TypeName ="nvarchar(100)")]
    [DisplayName("Beneficiary Name")]
    [Required(ErrorMessage = "This Field is required.")]
    public string BeneficiaryName { get; set; }

    [Column(TypeName ="nvarchar(100)")]
    [DisplayName("Bank Name")]
    [Required(ErrorMessage = "This Field is required.")]
    public string BankName { get; set; }

    [Column(TypeName ="nvarchar(11)")]
    [DisplayName("SWIFT Code")]
    [Required(ErrorMessage = "This Field is required.")]
    [MaxLength(11)]
    public string SWIFTCode { get; set; }

    [DisplayName("Amount")]
    [Required(ErrorMessage = "This Field is required.")]
    public int Amount { get; set; }

    [DisplayFormat(DataFormatString = "{0:MM/dd/yyyy}")]
    public DateTime Date { get; set; }
}

C#Copy

Here we’ve defined model properties for the transaction with proper validation. Now let’s define  DbContextclass for EF Core.

#asp.net core article #asp.net core #add loading spinner in asp.net core #asp.net core crud without reloading #asp.net core jquery ajax form #asp.net core modal dialog #asp.net core mvc crud using jquery ajax #asp.net core mvc with jquery and ajax #asp.net core popup window #bootstrap modal popup in asp.net core mvc. bootstrap modal popup in asp.net core #delete and viewall in asp.net core #jquery ajax - insert #jquery ajax form post #modal popup dialog in asp.net core #no direct access action method #update #validation in modal popup

A Wrapper for Sembast and SQFlite to Enable Easy

FHIR_DB

This is really just a wrapper around Sembast_SQFLite - so all of the heavy lifting was done by Alex Tekartik. I highly recommend that if you have any questions about working with this package that you take a look at Sembast. He's also just a super nice guy, and even answered a question for me when I was deciding which sembast version to use. As usual, ResoCoder also has a good tutorial.

I have an interest in low-resource settings and thus a specific reason to be able to store data offline. To encourage this use, there are a number of other packages I have created based around the data format FHIR. FHIR® is the registered trademark of HL7 and is used with the permission of HL7. Use of the FHIR trademark does not constitute endorsement of this product by HL7.

Using the Db

So, while not absolutely necessary, I highly recommend that you use some sort of interface class. This adds the benefit of more easily handling errors, plus if you change to a different database in the future, you don't have to change the rest of your app, just the interface.

I've used something like this in my projects:

class IFhirDb {
  IFhirDb();
  final ResourceDao resourceDao = ResourceDao();

  Future<Either<DbFailure, Resource>> save(Resource resource) async {
    Resource resultResource;
    try {
      resultResource = await resourceDao.save(resource);
    } catch (error) {
      return left(DbFailure.unableToSave(error: error.toString()));
    }
    return right(resultResource);
  }

  Future<Either<DbFailure, List<Resource>>> returnListOfSingleResourceType(
      String resourceType) async {
    List<Resource> resultList;
    try {
      resultList =
          await resourceDao.getAllSortedById(resourceType: resourceType);
    } catch (error) {
      return left(DbFailure.unableToObtainList(error: error.toString()));
    }
    return right(resultList);
  }

  Future<Either<DbFailure, List<Resource>>> searchFunction(
      String resourceType, String searchString, String reference) async {
    List<Resource> resultList;
    try {
      resultList =
          await resourceDao.searchFor(resourceType, searchString, reference);
    } catch (error) {
      return left(DbFailure.unableToObtainList(error: error.toString()));
    }
    return right(resultList);
  }
}

I like this because in case there's an i/o error or something, it won't crash your app. Then, you can call this interface in your app like the following:

final patient = Patient(
    resourceType: 'Patient',
    name: [HumanName(text: 'New Patient Name')],
    birthDate: Date(DateTime.now()),
);

final saveResult = await IFhirDb().save(patient);

This will save your newly created patient to the locally embedded database.

IMPORTANT: this database will expect that all previously created resources have an id. When you save a resource, it will check to see if that resource type has already been stored. (Each resource type is saved in it's own store in the database). It will then check if there is an ID. If there's no ID, it will create a new one for that resource (along with metadata on version number and creation time). It will save it, and return the resource. If it already has an ID, it will copy the the old version of the resource into a _history store. It will then update the metadata of the new resource and save that version into the appropriate store for that resource. If, for instance, we have a previously created patient:

{
    "resourceType": "Patient",
    "id": "fhirfli-294057507-6811107",
    "meta": {
        "versionId": "1",
        "lastUpdated": "2020-10-16T19:41:28.054369Z"
    },
    "name": [
        {
            "given": ["New"],
            "family": "Patient"
        }
    ],
    "birthDate": "2020-10-16"
}

And we update the last name to 'Provider'. The above version of the patient will be kept in _history, while in the 'Patient' store in the db, we will have the updated version:

{
    "resourceType": "Patient",
    "id": "fhirfli-294057507-6811107",
    "meta": {
        "versionId": "2",
        "lastUpdated": "2020-10-16T19:45:07.316698Z"
    },
    "name": [
        {
            "given": ["New"],
            "family": "Provider"
        }
    ],
    "birthDate": "2020-10-16"
}

This way we can keep track of all previous version of all resources (which is obviously important in medicine).

For most of the interactions (saving, deleting, etc), they work the way you'd expect. The only difference is search. Because Sembast is NoSQL, we can search on any of the fields in a resource. If in our interface class, we have the following function:

  Future<Either<DbFailure, List<Resource>>> searchFunction(
      String resourceType, String searchString, String reference) async {
    List<Resource> resultList;
    try {
      resultList =
          await resourceDao.searchFor(resourceType, searchString, reference);
    } catch (error) {
      return left(DbFailure.unableToObtainList(error: error.toString()));
    }
    return right(resultList);
  }

You can search for all immunizations of a certain patient:

searchFunction(
        'Immunization', 'patient.reference', 'Patient/$patientId');

This function will search through all entries in the 'Immunization' store. It will look at all 'patient.reference' fields, and return any that match 'Patient/$patientId'.

The last thing I'll mention is that this is a password protected db, using AES-256 encryption (although it can also use Salsa20). Anytime you use the db, you have the option of using a password for encryption/decryption. Remember, if you setup the database using encryption, you will only be able to access it using that same password. When you're ready to change the password, you will need to call the update password function. If we again assume we created a change password method in our interface, it might look something like this:

class IFhirDb {
  IFhirDb();
  final ResourceDao resourceDao = ResourceDao();
  ...
    Future<Either<DbFailure, Unit>> updatePassword(String oldPassword, String newPassword) async {
    try {
      await resourceDao.updatePw(oldPassword, newPassword);
    } catch (error) {
      return left(DbFailure.unableToUpdatePassword(error: error.toString()));
    }
    return right(Unit);
  }

You don't have to use a password, and in that case, it will save the db file as plain text. If you want to add a password later, it will encrypt it at that time.

General Store

After using this for a while in an app, I've realized that it needs to be able to store data apart from just FHIR resources, at least on occasion. For this, I've added a second class for all versions of the database called GeneralDao. This is similar to the ResourceDao, but fewer options. So, in order to save something, it would look like this:

await GeneralDao().save('password', {'new':'map'});
await GeneralDao().save('password', {'new':'map'}, 'key');

The difference between these two options is that the first one will generate a key for the map being stored, while the second will store the map using the key provided. Both will return the key after successfully storing the map.

Other functions available include:

// deletes everything in the general store
await GeneralDao().deleteAllGeneral('password'); 

// delete specific entry
await GeneralDao().delete('password','key'); 

// returns map with that key
await GeneralDao().find('password', 'key'); 

FHIR® is a registered trademark of Health Level Seven International (HL7) and its use does not constitute an endorsement of products by HL7®

Use this package as a library

Depend on it

Run this command:

With Flutter:

 $ flutter pub add fhir_db

This will add a line like this to your package's pubspec.yaml (and run an implicit flutter pub get):

dependencies:
  fhir_db: ^0.4.3

Alternatively, your editor might support or flutter pub get. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

import 'package:fhir_db/dstu2.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/dstu2/fhir_db.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/dstu2/general_dao.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/dstu2/resource_dao.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/encrypt/aes.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/encrypt/salsa.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r4.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r4/fhir_db.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r4/general_dao.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r4/resource_dao.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r5.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r5/fhir_db.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r5/general_dao.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r5/resource_dao.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/stu3.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/stu3/fhir_db.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/stu3/general_dao.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/stu3/resource_dao.dart'; 

example/lib/main.dart

import 'package:fhir/r4.dart';
import 'package:fhir_db/r4.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:test/test.dart';

Future<void> main() async {
  WidgetsFlutterBinding.ensureInitialized();

  final resourceDao = ResourceDao();

  // await resourceDao.updatePw('newPw', null);
  await resourceDao.deleteAllResources(null);

  group('Playing with passwords', () {
    test('Playing with Passwords', () async {
      final patient = Patient(id: Id('1'));

      final saved = await resourceDao.save(null, patient);

      await resourceDao.updatePw(null, 'newPw');
      final search1 = await resourceDao.find('newPw',
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Patient, id: Id('1'));
      expect(saved, search1[0]);

      await resourceDao.updatePw('newPw', 'newerPw');
      final search2 = await resourceDao.find('newerPw',
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Patient, id: Id('1'));
      expect(saved, search2[0]);

      await resourceDao.updatePw('newerPw', null);
      final search3 = await resourceDao.find(null,
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Patient, id: Id('1'));
      expect(saved, search3[0]);

      await resourceDao.deleteAllResources(null);
    });
  });

  final id = Id('12345');
  group('Saving Things:', () {
    test('Save Patient', () async {
      final humanName = HumanName(family: 'Atreides', given: ['Duke']);
      final patient = Patient(id: id, name: [humanName]);
      final saved = await resourceDao.save(null, patient);

      expect(saved.id, id);

      expect((saved as Patient).name?[0], humanName);
    });

    test('Save Organization', () async {
      final organization = Organization(id: id, name: 'FhirFli');
      final saved = await resourceDao.save(null, organization);

      expect(saved.id, id);

      expect((saved as Organization).name, 'FhirFli');
    });

    test('Save Observation1', () async {
      final observation1 = Observation(
        id: Id('obs1'),
        code: CodeableConcept(text: 'Observation #1'),
        effectiveDateTime: FhirDateTime(DateTime(1981, 09, 18)),
      );
      final saved = await resourceDao.save(null, observation1);

      expect(saved.id, Id('obs1'));

      expect((saved as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #1');
    });

    test('Save Observation1 Again', () async {
      final observation1 = Observation(
          id: Id('obs1'),
          code: CodeableConcept(text: 'Observation #1 - Updated'));
      final saved = await resourceDao.save(null, observation1);

      expect(saved.id, Id('obs1'));

      expect((saved as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #1 - Updated');

      expect(saved.meta?.versionId, Id('2'));
    });

    test('Save Observation2', () async {
      final observation2 = Observation(
        id: Id('obs2'),
        code: CodeableConcept(text: 'Observation #2'),
        effectiveDateTime: FhirDateTime(DateTime(1981, 09, 18)),
      );
      final saved = await resourceDao.save(null, observation2);

      expect(saved.id, Id('obs2'));

      expect((saved as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #2');
    });

    test('Save Observation3', () async {
      final observation3 = Observation(
        id: Id('obs3'),
        code: CodeableConcept(text: 'Observation #3'),
        effectiveDateTime: FhirDateTime(DateTime(1981, 09, 18)),
      );
      final saved = await resourceDao.save(null, observation3);

      expect(saved.id, Id('obs3'));

      expect((saved as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #3');
    });
  });

  group('Finding Things:', () {
    test('Find 1st Patient', () async {
      final search = await resourceDao.find(null,
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Patient, id: id);
      final humanName = HumanName(family: 'Atreides', given: ['Duke']);

      expect(search.length, 1);

      expect((search[0] as Patient).name?[0], humanName);
    });

    test('Find 3rd Observation', () async {
      final search = await resourceDao.find(null,
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Observation, id: Id('obs3'));

      expect(search.length, 1);

      expect(search[0].id, Id('obs3'));

      expect((search[0] as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #3');
    });

    test('Find All Observations', () async {
      final search = await resourceDao.getResourceType(
        null,
        resourceTypes: [R4ResourceType.Observation],
      );

      expect(search.length, 3);

      final idList = [];
      for (final obs in search) {
        idList.add(obs.id.toString());
      }

      expect(idList.contains('obs1'), true);

      expect(idList.contains('obs2'), true);

      expect(idList.contains('obs3'), true);
    });

    test('Find All (non-historical) Resources', () async {
      final search = await resourceDao.getAll(null);

      expect(search.length, 5);
      final patList = search.toList();
      final orgList = search.toList();
      final obsList = search.toList();
      patList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Patient);
      orgList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Organization);
      obsList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Observation);

      expect(patList.length, 1);

      expect(orgList.length, 1);

      expect(obsList.length, 3);
    });
  });

  group('Deleting Things:', () {
    test('Delete 2nd Observation', () async {
      await resourceDao.delete(
          null, null, R4ResourceType.Observation, Id('obs2'), null, null);

      final search = await resourceDao.getResourceType(
        null,
        resourceTypes: [R4ResourceType.Observation],
      );

      expect(search.length, 2);

      final idList = [];
      for (final obs in search) {
        idList.add(obs.id.toString());
      }

      expect(idList.contains('obs1'), true);

      expect(idList.contains('obs2'), false);

      expect(idList.contains('obs3'), true);
    });

    test('Delete All Observations', () async {
      await resourceDao.deleteSingleType(null,
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Observation);

      final search = await resourceDao.getAll(null);

      expect(search.length, 2);

      final patList = search.toList();
      final orgList = search.toList();
      patList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Patient);
      orgList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Organization);

      expect(patList.length, 1);

      expect(patList.length, 1);
    });

    test('Delete All Resources', () async {
      await resourceDao.deleteAllResources(null);

      final search = await resourceDao.getAll(null);

      expect(search.length, 0);
    });
  });

  group('Password - Saving Things:', () {
    test('Save Patient', () async {
      await resourceDao.updatePw(null, 'newPw');
      final humanName = HumanName(family: 'Atreides', given: ['Duke']);
      final patient = Patient(id: id, name: [humanName]);
      final saved = await resourceDao.save('newPw', patient);

      expect(saved.id, id);

      expect((saved as Patient).name?[0], humanName);
    });

    test('Save Organization', () async {
      final organization = Organization(id: id, name: 'FhirFli');
      final saved = await resourceDao.save('newPw', organization);

      expect(saved.id, id);

      expect((saved as Organization).name, 'FhirFli');
    });

    test('Save Observation1', () async {
      final observation1 = Observation(
        id: Id('obs1'),
        code: CodeableConcept(text: 'Observation #1'),
        effectiveDateTime: FhirDateTime(DateTime(1981, 09, 18)),
      );
      final saved = await resourceDao.save('newPw', observation1);

      expect(saved.id, Id('obs1'));

      expect((saved as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #1');
    });

    test('Save Observation1 Again', () async {
      final observation1 = Observation(
          id: Id('obs1'),
          code: CodeableConcept(text: 'Observation #1 - Updated'));
      final saved = await resourceDao.save('newPw', observation1);

      expect(saved.id, Id('obs1'));

      expect((saved as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #1 - Updated');

      expect(saved.meta?.versionId, Id('2'));
    });

    test('Save Observation2', () async {
      final observation2 = Observation(
        id: Id('obs2'),
        code: CodeableConcept(text: 'Observation #2'),
        effectiveDateTime: FhirDateTime(DateTime(1981, 09, 18)),
      );
      final saved = await resourceDao.save('newPw', observation2);

      expect(saved.id, Id('obs2'));

      expect((saved as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #2');
    });

    test('Save Observation3', () async {
      final observation3 = Observation(
        id: Id('obs3'),
        code: CodeableConcept(text: 'Observation #3'),
        effectiveDateTime: FhirDateTime(DateTime(1981, 09, 18)),
      );
      final saved = await resourceDao.save('newPw', observation3);

      expect(saved.id, Id('obs3'));

      expect((saved as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #3');
    });
  });

  group('Password - Finding Things:', () {
    test('Find 1st Patient', () async {
      final search = await resourceDao.find('newPw',
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Patient, id: id);
      final humanName = HumanName(family: 'Atreides', given: ['Duke']);

      expect(search.length, 1);

      expect((search[0] as Patient).name?[0], humanName);
    });

    test('Find 3rd Observation', () async {
      final search = await resourceDao.find('newPw',
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Observation, id: Id('obs3'));

      expect(search.length, 1);

      expect(search[0].id, Id('obs3'));

      expect((search[0] as Observation).code.text, 'Observation #3');
    });

    test('Find All Observations', () async {
      final search = await resourceDao.getResourceType(
        'newPw',
        resourceTypes: [R4ResourceType.Observation],
      );

      expect(search.length, 3);

      final idList = [];
      for (final obs in search) {
        idList.add(obs.id.toString());
      }

      expect(idList.contains('obs1'), true);

      expect(idList.contains('obs2'), true);

      expect(idList.contains('obs3'), true);
    });

    test('Find All (non-historical) Resources', () async {
      final search = await resourceDao.getAll('newPw');

      expect(search.length, 5);
      final patList = search.toList();
      final orgList = search.toList();
      final obsList = search.toList();
      patList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Patient);
      orgList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Organization);
      obsList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Observation);

      expect(patList.length, 1);

      expect(orgList.length, 1);

      expect(obsList.length, 3);
    });
  });

  group('Password - Deleting Things:', () {
    test('Delete 2nd Observation', () async {
      await resourceDao.delete(
          'newPw', null, R4ResourceType.Observation, Id('obs2'), null, null);

      final search = await resourceDao.getResourceType(
        'newPw',
        resourceTypes: [R4ResourceType.Observation],
      );

      expect(search.length, 2);

      final idList = [];
      for (final obs in search) {
        idList.add(obs.id.toString());
      }

      expect(idList.contains('obs1'), true);

      expect(idList.contains('obs2'), false);

      expect(idList.contains('obs3'), true);
    });

    test('Delete All Observations', () async {
      await resourceDao.deleteSingleType('newPw',
          resourceType: R4ResourceType.Observation);

      final search = await resourceDao.getAll('newPw');

      expect(search.length, 2);

      final patList = search.toList();
      final orgList = search.toList();
      patList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Patient);
      orgList.retainWhere(
          (resource) => resource.resourceType == R4ResourceType.Organization);

      expect(patList.length, 1);

      expect(patList.length, 1);
    });

    test('Delete All Resources', () async {
      await resourceDao.deleteAllResources('newPw');

      final search = await resourceDao.getAll('newPw');

      expect(search.length, 0);

      await resourceDao.updatePw('newPw', null);
    });
  });
} 

Download Details:

Author: MayJuun

Source Code: https://github.com/MayJuun/fhir/tree/main/fhir_db

#sqflite  #dart  #flutter 

최 호민

최 호민

1642390128

파이썬 코딩 무료 강의 - 이미지 처리, 얼굴 인식을 통한 캐릭터 씌우기를 해보아요

파이썬 코딩 무료 강의 (활용편6) - 이미지 처리, 얼굴 인식을 통한 캐릭터 씌우기를 해보아요

파이썬 무료 강의 (활용편6 - 이미지 처리)입니다.
OpenCV 를 이용한 다양한 이미지 처리 기법과 재미있는 프로젝트를 진행합니다.
누구나 볼 수 있도록 쉽고 재미있게 제작하였습니다. ^^

[소개]
(0:00:00) 0.Intro
(0:00:31) 1.소개
(0:02:18) 2.활용편 6 이미지 처리 소개

[OpenCV 전반전]
(0:04:36) 3.환경설정
(0:08:41) 4.이미지 출력
(0:21:51) 5.동영상 출력 #1 파일
(0:29:58) 6.동영상 출력 #2 카메라
(0:34:23) 7.도형 그리기 #1 빈 스케치북
(0:39:49) 8.도형 그리기 #2 영역 색칠
(0:42:26) 9.도형 그리기 #3 직선
(0:51:23) 10.도형 그리기 #4 원
(0:55:09) 11.도형 그리기 #5 사각형
(0:58:32) 12.도형 그리기 #6 다각형
(1:09:23) 13.텍스트 #1 기본
(1:17:45) 14.텍스트 #2 한글 우회
(1:24:14) 15.파일 저장 #1 이미지
(1:29:27) 16.파일 저장 #2 동영상
(1:39:29) 17.크기 조정
(1:50:16) 18.이미지 자르기
(1:57:03) 19.이미지 대칭
(2:01:46) 20.이미지 회전
(2:06:07) 21.이미지 변형 - 흑백
(2:11:25) 22.이미지 변형 - 흐림
(2:18:03) 23.이미지 변형 - 원근 #1
(2:27:45) 24.이미지 변형 - 원근 #2

[반자동 문서 스캐너 프로젝트]
(2:32:50) 25.미니 프로젝트 1 - #1 마우스 이벤트 등록
(2:42:06) 26.미니 프로젝트 1 - #2 기본 코드 완성
(2:49:54) 27.미니 프로젝트 1 - #3 지점 선 긋기
(2:55:24) 28.미니 프로젝트 1 - #4 실시간 선 긋기

[OpenCV 후반전]
(3:01:52) 29.이미지 변형 - 이진화 #1 Trackbar
(3:14:37) 30.이미지 변형 - 이진화 #2 임계값
(3:20:26) 31.이미지 변형 - 이진화 #3 Adaptive Threshold
(3:28:34) 32.이미지 변형 - 이진화 #4 오츠 알고리즘
(3:32:22) 33.이미지 변환 - 팽창
(3:41:10) 34.이미지 변환 - 침식
(3:45:56) 35.이미지 변환 - 열림 & 닫힘
(3:54:10) 36.이미지 검출 - 경계선
(4:05:08) 37.이미지 검출 - 윤곽선 #1 기본
(4:15:26) 38.이미지 검출 - 윤곽선 #2 찾기 모드
(4:20:46) 39.이미지 검출 - 윤곽선 #3 면적

[카드 검출 & 분류기 프로젝트]
(4:27:42) 40.미니프로젝트 2

[퀴즈]
(4:31:57) 41.퀴즈

[얼굴인식 프로젝트]
(4:41:25) 42.환경설정 및 기본 코드 정리
(4:54:48) 43.눈과 코 인식하여 도형 그리기
(5:10:42) 44.그림판 이미지 씌우기
(5:20:52) 45.캐릭터 이미지 씌우기
(5:33:10) 46.보충설명
(5:40:53) 47.마치며 (학습 참고 자료)
(5:42:18) 48.Outro


[학습자료]
수업에 필요한 이미지, 동영상 자료 링크입니다.

고양이 이미지 : https://pixabay.com/images/id-2083492/ 
크기 : 640 x 390  
파일명 : img.jpg

고양이 동영상 : https://www.pexels.com/video/7515833/ 
크기 : SD (360 x 640)  
파일명 : video.mp4

신문 이미지 : https://pixabay.com/images/id-350376/ 
크기 : 1280 x 853  
파일명 : newspaper.jpg

카드 이미지 1 : https://pixabay.com/images/id-682332/ 
크기 : 1280 x 1019  
파일명 : poker.jpg

책 이미지 : https://www.pexels.com/photo/1029807/ 
크기 : Small (640 x 853)  
파일명 : book.jpg

눈사람 이미지 : https://pixabay.com/images/id-1300089/ 
크기 : 1280 x 904  
파일명 : snowman.png

카드 이미지 2 : https://pixabay.com/images/id-161404/ 
크기 : 640 x 408  
파일명 : card.png

퀴즈용 동영상 : https://www.pexels.com/video/3121459/ 
크기 : HD (1280 x 720)  
파일명 : city.mp4

프로젝트용 동영상 : https://www.pexels.com/video/3256542/ 
크기 : Full HD (1920 x 1080)  
파일명 : face_video.mp4

프로젝트용 캐릭터 이미지 : https://www.freepik.com/free-vector/cute-animal-masks-video-chat-application-effect-filters-set_6380101.htm  
파일명 : right_eye.png (100 x 100), left_eye.png (100 x 100), nose.png (300 x 100)

무료 이미지 편집 도구 : https://pixlr.com/kr/
(Pixlr E -Advanced Editor)

#python #opencv 

Einar  Hintz

Einar Hintz

1602564619

MVC User Registration & Login with ASP.NET Core Identity

User registration and authentication are mandatory in any application when you have little concern about privacy. Hence all most all application development starts with an authentication module. In this article, we will discuss the quickest way to use **ASP.NET Core Identity for User Login and Registration **in a new or existing MVC application.

Sub-topics discussed :

  • How to add ASP.NET Core Identity to MVC application.
  • Customize ASP.NET Core Identity.
  • Identity.UI Design Customization.
  • Next step.

Background

ASP.NET Core Identity is an API, which provides both user interface(UI) and functions for user authentication, registration, authorization, etc. Modules/ APIs like this will really be helpful and fasten the development process. It comes with ASP.NET Core Framework and used in many applications before. Which makes the API more dependable and trustworthy.

ASP.NET Core MVC with user authentication can easily be accomplished using Identity.UI. While creating the MVC project, you just need to select Authentication as Individual User Accounts.

Showing how to create an MVC application with ASP.NET Core Identity API

The rest will be handled by ASP.NET Core Identity UI. It already contains razor view pages and backend codes for an authentication system. But that’s not what we want in most of the cases. we want to customize ASP.NET Core Identity as per our requirement. That’s what we do here.

Create an ASP.NET Core MVC Project

First of all, I will create a brand new ASP.NET Core MVC application without any authentication selected. We could add ASP.NET Core Identity later into the project.

In Visual Studio 2019, Go to File > New > Project (Ctrl + Shift + N). From new project window, select ASP.NET Core Web Application.

Create an ASP.NET Core Web application

Once you provide the project name and location. A new window will be opened as follows, Select _Web Application(Model-View-Controller), _uncheck _HTTPS Configuration _and DO NOT select any authentication method. Above steps will create a brand new ASP.NET Core MVC project.

Select Model View Controller templet under .NET Core

#asp.net core article #asp.net core #add asp.net core identity to existing project #asp.net core identity in mvc #asp.net core mvc login and registration #login and logout in asp.net core

Einar  Hintz

Einar Hintz

1594962060

Microservices with ASP.NET Core 3.1

The Microservices architecture style is shown in the figure above. Microservices Architecture is a style in which one large application is developed as a set of small independent services. Here each service implements a specific functionality and has its own data store. Each service functionality should be small enough to implement just one use case and big enough to provide some value. Each service should be deployable separately so that it can be scaled independently. As far as possible these services should be independent of each other and if there is a need for inter-service communication then some lightweight communication protocol can be used.

Identity Provider is used to provide user authentication services to an application.

_To know details about Identity Provider & also to know about how to secure your ASP.NET Core based application you can check my series on _ASP.NET Core Security

API Gateway is a single entry point for all requests that help in managing the endpoints and coordinates with different services.

Container is a standard unit of software that bundles application or feature and all of its dependencies so that application can be deployed quickly and reliably on any new system that has container host.

Container Orchestration is a piece of software that is used to manage the life-cycle of containers in a large application. This helps to scale application on basis of the load.

Microservice is the actual small independent service which is bundled in a container along with it dependencies

Data Store is used to store microservice data and the basic principle is that each service manages its own data.

Monolithic v/s Microservices

MonolithicMicroservicesSingle service/application should contain all the business functionalitySingle service should contains only one business functionalityAll service are tightly coupledAll services are loosely coupledApplication is developed in one single programming languageEach service can be in different programming languageSingle database for all services.Each service has separate databaseAll services needs to be deployed together on VMEach service can be deployed on separate VMAll services run in same process so if one service goes down then whole application breaksEach service runs in different process so failure of one service does not affects other servicesDifficult to scale a particular service as new instance will have to have all servicesCan be Scaled easily as any single service can be deployed independentlySingle large team works on whole applicationSeparate small team work on each Service which are more focused.Simple to develop & test small applicationsAdd complexity to the application by the fact that its a distributed system

Why microservices with ASP.NET Core?

.NET Core provides following advantages which works for microservices

  • A light-weight framework built from ground up
  • Cross-platform support
  • Optimized for containerization

Implement Microservices with ASP.NET Core

Here we will cover in detail the step by step process to create microservice with ASP.NET Core. We will be creating an order service that will provide endpoints to Add, Cancel, Get Order By Id & Get Order(s) By Customer Id in the application. This demo has been executed in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.6.2

Create Service with CRUD operations

Create ASP.NET Core Project

For microservices demo we will be creating a ASP.NET Core 3.1 Web API project.

ASP.NET Core 3.1 API Project Creation

Implement Order Service

We will be creating order microservice which will contain functionality only related to orders. We will be implementing following endpoints

  • Add – To create a new order
  • Cancel – To cancel an existing order
  • GetById – Get Order by Id
  • GetByCustomerId – Get all orders for Customer Id

Below we will quickly add the entity model for Order & enable entity framework core for order microservice.

_If you need further details on how an entity framework works then check my other article on _Entity Framework Core in ASP.NET Core 3.1

Add Model

Add an order entity class

public class Order
{
    public string Id { get; set; }
    public string ProductId { get; set; }
    public double Cost { get; set; }
    public DateTime Placed { get; set; }
    public string CustomerId { get; set; }
    public string Status { get; set; }
}

#programming #.net core #asp.net core 3.1 #asp.net core microservices #microservices