Jerod  Mante

Jerod Mante

1602242460

SQL ALTER TABLE Example | How To Alter Table in SQL

SQL ALTER TABLE query is used to add, modify, or delete columns in the existing table. The ALTER TABLE query is also used to add and drop various constraints on a current table. ALTER TABLE statement in SQL is used to add, modify, or drop columns in a table. You can also use an ALTER TABLE command to add and drop various constraints on an existing table.

SQL ALTER TABLE Statement Example

SQL ALTER TABLE modifies the table definition by altering, adding, or dropping columns and constraints. ALTER TABLE also reassigns and rebuilds the partitions, or disables and enables the constraints and  triggers.

Once a table is created in the database, there are many occasions where one may wish to change the structure of the table.

#sql #sql alter table #alter table

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SQL ALTER TABLE Example | How To Alter Table in SQL
Cayla  Erdman

Cayla Erdman

1594369800

Introduction to Structured Query Language SQL pdf

SQL stands for Structured Query Language. SQL is a scripting language expected to store, control, and inquiry information put away in social databases. The main manifestation of SQL showed up in 1974, when a gathering in IBM built up the principal model of a social database. The primary business social database was discharged by Relational Software later turning out to be Oracle.

Models for SQL exist. In any case, the SQL that can be utilized on every last one of the major RDBMS today is in various flavors. This is because of two reasons:

1. The SQL order standard is genuinely intricate, and it isn’t handy to actualize the whole standard.

2. Every database seller needs an approach to separate its item from others.

Right now, contrasts are noted where fitting.

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Jerod  Mante

Jerod Mante

1602242460

SQL ALTER TABLE Example | How To Alter Table in SQL

SQL ALTER TABLE query is used to add, modify, or delete columns in the existing table. The ALTER TABLE query is also used to add and drop various constraints on a current table. ALTER TABLE statement in SQL is used to add, modify, or drop columns in a table. You can also use an ALTER TABLE command to add and drop various constraints on an existing table.

SQL ALTER TABLE Statement Example

SQL ALTER TABLE modifies the table definition by altering, adding, or dropping columns and constraints. ALTER TABLE also reassigns and rebuilds the partitions, or disables and enables the constraints and  triggers.

Once a table is created in the database, there are many occasions where one may wish to change the structure of the table.

#sql #sql alter table #alter table

Fredy  Larson

Fredy Larson

1595209620

How to alter tables in production when records are in millions

As a developer, I have experienced changes in app when it is in production and the records have grown up to millions. In this specific case if you want to alter a column using simple migrations that will not work because of the following reasons:

It is not so easy if your production servers are under heavy load and the database tables have 100 million rows. Because such a migration will run for some seconds or even minutes and the database table can be locked for this time period – a no-go on a zero-downtime environment.

In this specific case you can use MySQL’s algorithms: Online DDL operations. That’s how you can do it in Laravel.

First of all create migration. For example I want to modify a column’s name the traditional migration will be:

Schema::table('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->renameColumn('name', 'first_name');
        });

Run the following command php artisan migrate –pretend this command will not run the migration rather it will print out it’s raw sql:

ALTER TABLE users CHANGE name first_name VARCHAR(191) NOT NULL

Copy that raw sql, remove following code:

Schema::table('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->renameColumn('name', 'first_name');
        });

Replace it with following in migrations up method:

\DB::statement('ALTER TABLE users CHANGE name first_name VARCHAR(191) NOT NULL');

Add desired algorithm, in my case query will look like this:

\DB::statement('ALTER TABLE users CHANGE name first_name VARCHAR(191) NOT NULL, ALGORITHM=INPLACE, LOCK=NONE;');

#laravel #mysql #php #alter heavy tables in production laravel #alter table in production laravel #alter tables with million of records in laravel #how to alter heavy table in production laravel #how to alter table in production larave #mysql online ddl operations

Devan  Johnson

Devan Johnson

1598539200

SQL SYSTEM_USER() Function Example

SQL SYSTEM_USER() is an inbuilt function that is used for returning the login information for the current user in the SQL SERVER or MySQL database. It returns the login name information for the current user. For the MySQL database, The SYSTEM_USER() function returns the current user name and hostname for the MySQL connection.

SQL SYSTEM_USER()

If the user name and login name are different, the SYSTEM_USER returns the login name. You can use the SYSTEM_USER with DEFAULT constraints in the  CREATE TABLE and  ALTER TABLE statements.

Syntax

SYSTEM_USER;

#sql system_user #sql #mysql #sql server #create table #alter table

Cayla  Erdman

Cayla Erdman

1596441660

Welcome Back the T-SQL Debugger with SQL Complete – SQL Debugger

When you develop large chunks of T-SQL code with the help of the SQL Server Management Studio tool, it is essential to test the “Live” behavior of your code by making sure that each small piece of code works fine and being able to allocate any error message that may cause a failure within that code.

The easiest way to perform that would be to use the T-SQL debugger feature, which used to be built-in over the SQL Server Management Studio tool. But since the T-SQL debugger feature was removed completely from SQL Server Management Studio 18 and later editions, we need a replacement for that feature. This is because we cannot keep using the old versions of SSMS just to support the T-SQL Debugger feature without “enjoying” the new features and bug fixes that are released in the new SSMS versions.

If you plan to wait for SSMS to bring back the T-SQL Debugger feature, vote in the Put Debugger back into SSMS 18 to ask Microsoft to reintroduce it.

As for me, I searched for an alternative tool for a T-SQL Debugger SSMS built-in feature and found that Devart company rolled out a new T-SQL Debugger feature to version 6.4 of SQL – Complete tool. SQL Complete is an add-in for Visual Studio and SSMS that offers scripts autocompletion capabilities, which help develop and debug your SQL database project.

The SQL Debugger feature of SQL Complete allows you to check the execution of your scripts, procedures, functions, and triggers step by step by adding breakpoints to the lines where you plan to start, suspend, evaluate, step through, and then to continue the execution of your script.

You can download SQL Complete from the dbForge Download page and install it on your machine using a straight-forward installation wizard. The wizard will ask you to specify the installation path for the SQL Complete tool and the versions of SSMS and Visual Studio that you plan to install the SQL Complete on, as an add-in, from the versions that are installed on your machine, as shown below:

Once SQL Complete is fully installed on your machine, the dbForge SQL Complete installation wizard will notify you of whether the installation was completed successfully or the wizard faced any specific issue that you can troubleshoot and fix easily. If there are no issues, the wizard will provide you with an option to open the SSMS tool and start using the SQL Complete tool, as displayed below:

When you open SSMS, you will see a new “Debug” tools menu, under which you can navigate the SQL Debugger feature options. Besides, you will see a list of icons that will be used to control the debug mode of the T-SQL query at the leftmost side of the SSMS tool. If you cannot see the list, you can go to View -> Toolbars -> Debugger to make these icons visible.

During the debugging session, the SQL Debugger icons will be as follows:

The functionality of these icons within the SQL Debugger can be summarized as:

  • Adding Breakpoints to control the execution pause of the T-SQL script at a specific statement allows you to check the debugging information of the T-SQL statements such as the values for the parameters and the variables.
  • Step Into is “navigate” through the script statements one by one, allowing you to check how each statement behaves.
  • Step Over is “execute” a specific stored procedure if you are sure that it contains no error.
  • Step Out is “return” from the stored procedure, function, or trigger to the main debugging window.
  • Continue executing the script until reaching the next breakpoint.
  • Stop Debugging is “terminate” the debugging session.
  • Restart “stop and start” the current debugging session.

#sql server #sql #sql debugger #sql server #sql server stored procedure #ssms #t-sql queries