It’s fashionable to dislike CSS. There are lots of reasons why that’s the case, but it boils down to this: CSS is unpredictable. If you’ve never had the experience of tweaking a style rule and accidentally breaking some layout that you thought was completely unrelated — usually when you’re trying to ship — then you’re either new at this or you’re a much better programmer than the rest of us.
What you might not realise is that the biggest problems with CSS can be solved without CSS-in-JS. Without those problems, writing CSS isn’t just tolerable — it’s enjoyable. And you don’t have to find solutions to the additional problems that CSS-in-JS introduces.
This article isn’t in any way intended as criticism of the hard work the CSS-in-JS community has done. It’s one of the most active corners of the JS ecosystem, and new ideas are springing up every week. Instead, my purpose is to illustrate why an alternative approach — based on Single File Components with real CSS — is so damn delightful.
Everything in CSS is global. Because of that, styles intended for one bit of markup often end up affecting another. Because of that, developers often resort to wild namespacing conventions (not ‘rules’, since they’re very difficult to enforce) that mostly just increase your risk of RSI.
It gets worse when you’re working on a team. No-one dares touch styles authored by someone else, because it’s often unclear what they’re doing, what markup they apply to, and what disasters will unfold if you remove them.
The consequence of all this is the append-only stylesheet. There’s no way of knowing which code can safely be removed, so it’s common to undo some existing style with another, more specific style — even on relatively small projects.
The idea behind SFCs is simple: you write your components in an HTML file that (optionally) contains a
<script> attribute describing the component’s styles and behaviour. Svelte, Ractive, Vue and Polymer all follow this basic pattern.
Read the introductory blog post if you’re new to Svelte. Or read the testimonials.
(For the rest of this article we’ll be using Svelte, obviously. But if the idea of using a template language makes you shudder — your fears are misplaced, but that’s a topic for another day — then just use Vue which lets you use JSX in your SFCs.)
Several wonderful things happen as a result:
* Your styles are scoped to the component. No more leakage, no more unpredictable cascade. And no more sesquipedalian classnames designed to prevent conflicts.
* You don’t need to go spelunking through your folder structure to find the rules that are breaking your stuff.
* The compiler (in Svelte’s case) can identify and remove unused styles. No more append-only stylesheets!
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The other day one of our students asked about possibility of having a CSS cheatsheet to help to decide on the best suited approach when doing this or that layout.
This evolved into the idea of making a visual CSS cheatsheet with all (most) of the common patterns we see everyday and one of the best possible conceptual implementation for them.
In the end any layout could and should be split into parts/blocks and we see every block separately.
Here is our first take on that and we would be happy to keep extending it to help us all.
Please, send you suggestions in the comments in community or via gitlab for the repeated CSS patterns with your favourite implementation for that so that we will all together make this as useful as it can be.
#css #css3 #cascading-style-sheets #web-development #html-css #css-grids #learning-css #html-css-basics
CSS is seen as an impediment in web development for many of us. Most of the time it looks like even when you follow the rules and everything seems clear, it still doesn’t work the way you want it to.
Therefore, the purpose of this article is to make some features of CSS much easier to understand.
The thing I want to address now is the alignment of the elements.
Without further ado, here are some of the most common scenarios one might encounter when it comes to this topic and how they can be approached.
#css-center #css-position #css-flexbox #css-center-image-in-a-div #css
This effect is so cool and just fun to see. What it comes down to is having a background image show through the text.
How it works is that we will have a div that will have the image as a background. On that, we put our text element, using blend-mode it will show through the image.
The result you can see and touch on this Codepen.
#css #css3 #html-css #css-grids #learning-css #html-css-basics
In this tutorial, we are going to learn:
backdrop-filterto style some frost/blur style on background.
#css #css animation #css / style sheets #css animations #css background