Selenium is one of the most widely used automation frameworks for web-application testing. It automates browser testing and eases redundant test efforts for the QA Community. Most of the organizations are switching to using Selenium to automate their test suites which are often run regularly. Selenium WebDriver is a pivotal component of the Selenium suite. This is a Selenium WebDriver Tutorial to help you understand what is Selenium WebDriver and how it came into existence. We will also gaze upon the Selenium WebDriver architecture and run automation testing with Selenium WebDriver.
Before we deep dive into this Selenium WebDriver tutorial, we will need to understand what is Selenium and what are Selenium components.
Selenium is an open-source automation testing framework, which is used to validate web-based applications. It enables us to execute tests across different browsers and platforms. Some of its utilities are:
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Selenium is an automation testing tool; it is primarily used to test websites and web applications; it is an open-source tool. With the help of Selenium, test cases can run directly in web browsers, just like a person operating the web browsers. It supports many web browsers such as Opera, Safari, Chrome, Firefox, IE, etc. There are several different sub tools to support different automation test approaches. In this article, we will learn about selenium tool suite, its components and features. So let’s start!!!
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This course includes a wide range of topics from Selenium WebDriver Basics and Advanced, Python Programming Concepts, Unittest And Pytest Framework, Automation Framework Design (Page Objects, Data Driven, Reading CSV Files), Logging Infrastructure, Cross-Browser Testing, Interview Preparation. All materials including code files.
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You’d hardly find a website these days without alerts and pop-ups! The alert boxes warn you whenever you perform a wrong action or to enter details to access a website. These alert boxes stop you from performing any other browser functions till the alert is resolved. This is why it becomes important that you handle them in your Selenium test automation scripts.
In this WebDriverIO tutorial on alert handling in Selenium, I’ll show you how to handle alerts and pop-ups as well as overlay modal in WebDriverIO. I will also cover the different types of alerts you will face during automation and what are the key points you need to follow for alert handling in Selenium using WebDriverIO.
It is important to note that you can’t identify alerts using devtools or by XPath. Also, since they can’t be handled as a window, this is why it gets a bit tricky to handle them, but don’t worry, you’d find more about this in the latter section of this WebDriverIo tutorial.
There are three types of alerts that you’d need to handle in WebDriverIO.
The alert pop up or alert() method displays an alert box with just a message and ‘OK’ button. This alert used to inform the user about some information. There is only one button ‘OK’ displayed with the text of information. Here, the user has only one option to press the OK button. Below is the example of alert pop up.
The confirmation alert is the second type of alert with a message, where it gives the user the option to press OK or Cancel. Here is the example of a confirmation alert.
The prompt pop up is the last alert where this used to let the user give input for the website. Here, the user can give input and press the OK button or press Cancel to avoid giving input. Below is the example of the prompt pop up.
< div > tag by giving special CSS code. This modal can go off by clicking somewhere other than the modal.
This modal is built using the client-side framework e.g bootstrap, ReactJS. A developer can be used to display some information, pop up, and form. There is no special
Here is an example of Overlay Modal:
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WebDriver is used for the automation of web application testing so that it works as per the end user’s perspective. It is platform-independent as the same code works on all the major OS like Windows, macOS, and UNIX. WebDriver is one of the significant components of the Selenium, which also includes the Selenium RC, Selenium Grid, SIDE, and Selenium Json Client API. So, let’s have a look at some of the features of Selenium WebDriver.
Below are various benefits of selenium webdriver:
WebDriver interacts with the web applications and its web elements in a browser, just like a real user with the use of a browser native support to hit direct calls without using any other intermittent device or software. It supports mostly all the web browsers, which includes IE, Safari, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Edge. You can launch any browser with the help of easy commands. Selenium WebDriver also supports the iPhoneDriver, HTMLUnitDriver, and AndroidDriver.
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The first and foremost topic that you would learn in this WebdriverIO tutorial is going to be the WebdriverIO architecture. This is what happens when you run a WebDriverIO test script.
WebdriverIO: WebdriverIO built on top of NodeJS which communicates with NodeJS.
This flow gets executed when the user runs WebdriverIO test script: