Corey Brooks

Corey Brooks


Top 20 Laravel Eloquent Tips and Tricks

Eloquent ORM seems like a simple mechanism, but under the hood, there’s a lot of semi-hidden functions and less-known ways to achieve more with it. 

1. Increments and Decrements

Instead of this:

$article = Article::find($article_id);

You can do this:

$article = Article::find($article_id);

Also these will work:

Article::find($article_id)->increment('read_count', 10); // +10
Product::find($produce_id)->decrement('stock'); // -1

2. XorY methods

Eloquent has quite a few functions that combine two methods, like “please do X, otherwise do Y”.

Example 1findOrFail():

Instead of:

$user = User::find($id);
if (!$user) { abort (404); }

Do this:

$user = User::findOrFail($id);

Example 2firstOrCreate():

Instead of:

$user = User::where('email', $email)->first();
if (!$user) {
   'email' => $email

Do just this:

$user = User::firstOrCreate(['email' => $email]);

3. Model boot() method

There is a magical place called boot() in an Eloquent model where you can override default behavior:

class User extends Model
   public static function boot()
           // do some logging
           // override some property like $model->something = transform($something);

Probably one of the most popular examples is setting some field value at the moment of creating the model object. Let’s say you want to generate UUID field at that moment.

public static function boot()
 self::creating(function ($model) {
   $model->uuid = (string)Uuid::generate();

4. Relationship with conditions and ordering

This is a typical way to define relationship:

public function users() {
   return $this->hasMany('App\User');   

But did you know that at this point we can already add where or orderBy?

For example, if you want a specific relationship for some type of users, also ordered by email, you can do this:

public function approvedUsers() {
   return $this->hasMany('App\User')->where('approved', 1)->orderBy('email');

5. Model properties: timestamps, appends etc.

There are a few “parameters” of an Eloquent model, in the form of properties of that class. The most popular ones are probably these:

class User extends Model {
   protected $table = 'users';
   protected $fillable = ['email', 'password']; // which fields can be filled with User::create()
   protected $dates = ['created_at', 'deleted_at']; // which fields will be Carbon-ized
   protected $appends = ['field1', 'field2']; // additional values returned in JSON

But wait, there’s more:

protected $primaryKey = 'uuid'; // it doesn't have to be "id"
public $incrementing = false; // and it doesn't even have to be auto-incrementing!
protected $perPage = 25; // Yes, you can override pagination count PER MODEL (default 15)
const CREATED_AT = 'created_at';
const UPDATED_AT = 'updated_at'; // Yes, even those names can be overridden
public $timestamps = false; // or even not used at all

And there’s even more, I’ve listed the most interesting ones, for more please check out the code of default abstract Model class and check out all the traits used.

6. Find multiple entries

Everyone knows the find() method, right?

$user = User::find(1);

I’m quite surprised how few people know about that it can accept multiple IDs as an array:

$users = User::find([1,2,3]);

7. WhereX

There’s an elegant way to turn this:

$users = User::where('approved', 1)->get();

Into this:

$users = User::whereApproved(1)->get(); 

Yes, you can change the name of any field and append it as a suffix to “where” and it will work by magic.

Also, there are some pre-defined methods in Eloquent, related to date/time:

User::whereDate('created_at', date('Y-m-d'));
User::whereDay('created_at', date('d'));
User::whereMonth('created_at', date('m'));
User::whereYear('created_at', date('Y'));

8. Order by relationship

A little more complicated “trick”. What if you have forum topics but want to order them by latest post? Pretty common requirement in forums with last updated topics on the top, right?

First, describe a separate relationship for the latest post on the topic:

public function latestPost()
   return $this->hasOne(\App\Post::class)->latest();

And then, in our controller, we can do this “magic”:

$users = Topic::with('latestPost')->get()->sortByDesc('latestPost.created_at');

9. Eloquent::when() – no more if-else’s

Many of us write conditional queries with “if-else”, something like this:

if (request('filter_by') == 'likes') {
   $query->where('likes', '>', request('likes_amount', 0));
if (request('filter_by') == 'date') {
   $query->orderBy('created_at', request('ordering_rule', 'desc'));

But there’s a better way – to use when():

$query = Author::query();
$query->when(request('filter_by') == 'likes', function ($q) {
    return $q->where('likes', '>', request('likes_amount', 0));
$query->when(request('filter_by') == 'date', function ($q) {
   return $q->orderBy('created_at', request('ordering_rule', 'desc'));

It may not feel shorter or more elegant, but the most powerful is passing of the parameters:

$query = User::query();
$query->when(request('role', false), function ($q, $role) { 
    return $q->where('role_id', $role);
$authors = $query->get();

10. BelongsTo Default Models

Let’s say you have Post belonging to Author and then Blade code:

{{ $post->author->name }}

But what if the author is deleted, or isn’t set for some reason? You will get an error, something like “property of non-object”.

Of course, you can prevent it like this:

{{ $post->author->name ?? '' }}

But you can do it on Eloquent relationship level:

public function author()
   return $this->belongsTo('App\Author')->withDefault();

In this example, the author() relation will return an empty App\Author model if no author is attached to the post.

Furthermore, we can assign default property values to that default model.

public function author()
   return $this->belongsTo('App\Author')->withDefault([
       'name' => 'Guest Author'

11. Order by Mutator

Imagine you have this:

function getFullNameAttribute()
 return $this->attributes['first_name'] . ' ' . $this->attributes['last_name'];

Now, you want to order by that full_name? This won’t work:

$clients = Client::orderBy('full_name')->get(); // doesn't work

The solution is quite simple. We need to order the results after we get them.

$clients = Client::get()->sortBy('full_name'); // works!

Notice that the function name is different – it’s not orderBy, it’s sortBy.

12. Default ordering in global scope

What if you want to have User::all() always be ordered by name field? You can assign a global scope. Let’s go back to the boot() method, which we mentioned already above.

protected static function boot()

   // Order by name ASC
   static::addGlobalScope(‘order’, function (Builder $builder) {
       $builder->orderBy(‘name’, ‘asc’);

13. Raw query methods

Sometimes we need to add raw queries to our Eloquent statements. Luckily, there are functions for that.

// whereRaw
$orders = DB::table(‘orders’)
   ->whereRaw(‘price > IF(state = “TX”, ?, 100)’, [200])

// havingRaw
Product::groupBy(‘category_id’)->havingRaw(‘COUNT(*) > 1’)->get();

// orderByRaw
User::where(‘created_at’, ‘>’, ‘2016-01-01’)
 ->orderByRaw(‘(updated_at - created_at) desc’)

14. Replicate: make a copy of a row

Short one. Without deep explanations, here’s the best way to make a copy of database entry:

$task = Tasks::find(1);
$newTask = $task->replicate();

15. Chunk() method for big tables

Not exactly Eloquent related, it’s more about Collection, but still powerful – to process bigger datasets, you can chunk them into pieces.

Instead of:

$users = User::all();
foreach ($users as $user) {
   // …

You can do:

User::chunk(100, function ($users) {
   foreach ($users as $user) {
       // …

16. Create additional things when creating a model

We all know this Artisan command:

php artisan make:model Company

But did you know there are three useful flags to generate related files to the model?

php artisan make:model Company -mcr
  • -m will create a migration file
  • -c will create a controller
  • -r will indicate that controller should be resourceful

17. Override updated_at when saving

Did you know that ->save() method can accept parameters? As a result, we can tell it to “ignore” updated_at default functionality to be filled with current timestamp. See this:

$product = Product::find($id);
$product->updated_at = ‘2019-01-01 10:00:00’;
$product->save([‘timestamps’ => false]);

Here we’re overriding default updated_at with our pre-defined one.

18. What is the result of an update()?

Have you ever wondered what this code actually returns?

$result = $products->whereNull(‘category_id’)->update([‘category_id’ => 2]);

I mean, the update is performed in the database, but what would that $result contain?

The answer is affected rows. So if you need to check how many rows were affected, you don’t need to call anything else – update() method will return this number for you.

19. Transform brackets into an Eloquent query

What if you have and-or mix in your SQL query, like this:

… WHERE (gender = ‘Male’ and age >= 18) or (gender = ‘Female’ and age >= 65)

How to translate it into Eloquent? This is the wrong way:

$q->where(‘gender’, ‘Male’);
$q->orWhere(‘age’, ‘>=’, 18);
$q->where(‘gender’, ‘Female’);
$q->orWhere(‘age’, ‘>=’, 65);

The order will be incorrect. The right way is a little more complicated, using closure functions as sub-queries:

$q->where(function ($query) {
   $query->where(‘gender’, ‘Male’)
       ->where(‘age’, ‘>=’, 18);
})->orWhere(function($query) {
   $query->where(‘gender’, ‘Female’)
       ->where(‘age’, ‘>=’, 65);

20. orWhere with multiple parameters

Finally, you can pass an array of parameters to orWhere().

“Usual” way:

$q->where(‘a’, 1);
$q->orWhere(‘b’, 2);
$q->orWhere(‘c’, 3);

You can do it like this:

$q->where(‘a’, 1);
$q->orWhere([‘b’ => 2, ‘c’ => 3]);

Thanks for reading

If you liked this post, share it with all of your programming buddies!

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Further reading

What’s New in Laravel 6.0

Laravel 6 CRUD Application Tutorial

Laravel 6 Image Upload Tutorial

Laravel 6 Authentication Tutorial

#laravel #php #web-development #database

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

Top 20 Laravel Eloquent Tips and Tricks

Decode Web


Awesome. Thanks for sharing…

Seamus  Quitzon

Seamus Quitzon


10 Laravel Quick Tips

Tip 1. Controllers Having Single Action

In some situations you need a single action in a controller, if this is the case in Laravel you can achieve it by **__invoke()** method.


namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use App\User;
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;

class ShowProfile extends Controller
   * Show the profile for the given user.
   * @param int $id
   * @return Response
    public function __invoke($id)
         return view('user.profile', ['user' => User::findOrFail($id)]);


Route::get('user/{id}', 'ShowProfile');

Artisan command to generate this controller:

php artisan make:controller ShowProfile --invokable

Tip 2. Migration Fields Having Timezone

Do you know in Laravel migrations are just not limited to **timestamps()** you can also add **timestampsTz()**

Schema::create('employees', function (Blueprint $table) {

Also, there are columns **dateTimeTz()** , **timeTz()** , **timestampTz()****softDeletesTz()**.

Tip 3. Eloquent has() deeper

You can use Eloquent has() function to query relationships even two layers deep!

// Author -> hasMany(Book::class);
// Book -> hasMany(Rating::class);
$authors = Author::has('books.ratings')->get();

Tip 4. SoftDeletes: Restore Multiple

To restore soft deleted rows, you can restore them in one sentence.

User::withTrashed()->where('author_id', 1)->restore();

Tip 5. Image Validation

During image upload, validate images on specific dimensions.

'photo' => 'dimensions:max_width=4096,max_height=4096'

Tip 6. Wildcard Subdomains

You can create route group by dynamic subdomain name, and pass its value to every route.

Route::domain('{username}')->group(function () {
 Route::get('user/{id}', function ($username, $id) {

#laravel #php #laravel quick tips #laravel tips #laravel tutorials #laravel tuts

Ray  Patel

Ray Patel


Top 20 Most Useful Python Modules or Packages

 March 25, 2021  Deepak@321  0 Comments

Welcome to my blog, In this article, we will learn the top 20 most useful python modules or packages and these modules every Python developer should know.

Hello everybody and welcome back so in this article I’m going to be sharing with you 20 Python modules you need to know. Now I’ve split these python modules into four different categories to make little bit easier for us and the categories are:

  1. Web Development
  2. Data Science
  3. Machine Learning
  4. AI and graphical user interfaces.

Near the end of the article, I also share my personal favorite Python module so make sure you stay tuned to see what that is also make sure to share with me in the comments down below your favorite Python module.

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Seamus  Quitzon

Seamus Quitzon


Php how to delete multiple rows through checkbox using ajax in laravel

First thing, we will need a table and i am creating products table for this example. So run the following query to create table.

CREATE TABLE `products` (
 `id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
 `name` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci NOT NULL,
 `description` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
 `created_at` timestamp NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
 `updated_at` datetime DEFAULT NULL,

Next, we will need to insert some dummy records in this table that will be deleted.

INSERT INTO `products` (`name`, `description`) VALUES

('Test product 1', 'Product description example1'),

('Test product 2', 'Product description example2'),

('Test product 3', 'Product description example3'),

('Test product 4', 'Product description example4'),

('Test product 5', 'Product description example5');

Now we are redy to create a model corresponding to this products table. Here we will create Product model. So let’s create a model file Product.php file under app directory and put the code below.


namespace App;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Product extends Model
    protected $fillable = [

Step 2: Create Route

Now, in this second step we will create some routes to handle the request for this example. So opeen routes/web.php file and copy the routes as given below.


Route::get('product', 'ProductController@index');
Route::delete('product/{id}', ['as'=>'product.destroy','uses'=>'ProductController@destroy']);
Route::delete('delete-multiple-product', ['as'=>'product.multiple-delete','uses'=>'ProductController@deleteMultiple']);

#laravel #delete multiple rows in laravel using ajax #laravel ajax delete #laravel ajax multiple checkbox delete #laravel delete multiple rows #laravel delete records using ajax #laravel multiple checkbox delete rows #laravel multiple delete

sophia tondon

sophia tondon


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