Dylan North

Dylan North

1578373145

How to Create a Lightbox using HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

Lightbox is a JavaScript library that displays images and videos by filling the screen, and dimming out the rest of the web page.

The original JavaScript library was written by Lokesh Dhakar. The term Lightbox may also refer to other similar JavaScript libraries. The technique gained widespread popularity due to its simple and elegant style.

A lightbox is a combination of two components, a modal and a slide show. Here you will construct a simple lightbox using HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

The lightbox will be contained in the modal, which will be triggered by some JavaScript, from event handlers in the HTML markup. You will build styles which will provide state with CSS and behavior with JavaScript. You will also find a reference list of the methods you use and other useful tid-bits that are related to this tutorial, at the bottom.

Create A Lightbox

Step 1: Add HTML

Example


<!-- Images used to open the lightbox -->
<div class="row">
  <div class="column">
    <img src="img1.jpg" onclick="openModal();currentSlide(1)" class="hover-shadow">
  </div>
  <div class="column">
    <img src="img2.jpg" onclick="openModal();currentSlide(2)" class="hover-shadow">
  </div>
  <div class="column">
    <img src="img3.jpg" onclick="openModal();currentSlide(3)" class="hover-shadow">
  </div>
  <div class="column">
    <img src="img4.jpg" onclick="openModal();currentSlide(4)" class="hover-shadow">
  </div>
</div>

<!-- The Modal/Lightbox -->
<div id="myModal" class="modal">
  <span class="close cursor" onclick="closeModal()">&times;</span>
  <div class="modal-content">

    <div class="mySlides">
      <div class="numbertext">1 / 4</div>
      <img src="img1_wide.jpg" style="width:100%">
    </div>

    <div class="mySlides">
      <div class="numbertext">2 / 4</div>
      <img src="img2_wide.jpg" style="width:100%">
    </div>

    <div class="mySlides">
      <div class="numbertext">3 / 4</div>
      <img src="img3_wide.jpg" style="width:100%">
    </div>

    <div class="mySlides">
      <div class="numbertext">4 / 4</div>
      <img src="img4_wide.jpg" style="width:100%">
    </div>

    <!-- Next/previous controls -->
    <a class="prev" onclick="plusSlides(-1)">&#10094;</a>
    <a class="next" onclick="plusSlides(1)">&#10095;</a>

    <!-- Caption text -->
    <div class="caption-container">
      <p id="caption"></p>
    </div>

    <!-- Thumbnail image controls -->
    <div class="column">
      <img class="demo" src="img1.jpg" onclick="currentSlide(1)" alt="Nature">
    </div>

    <div class="column">
      <img class="demo" src="img2.jpg" onclick="currentSlide(2)" alt="Snow">
    </div>

    <div class="column">
      <img class="demo" src="img3.jpg" onclick="currentSlide(3)" alt="Mountains">
    </div>

    <div class="column">
      <img class="demo" src="img4.jpg" onclick="currentSlide(4)" alt="Lights">
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Step 2: Add CSS

Example

.row > .column {
  padding: 0 8px;
}

.row:after {
  content: "";
  display: table;
  clear: both;
}

/* Create four equal columns that floats next to eachother */
.column {
  float: left;
  width: 25%;
}

/* The Modal (background) */
.modal {
  display: none;
  position: fixed;
  z-index: 1;
  padding-top: 100px;
  left: 0;
  top: 0;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
  background-color: black;
}

/* Modal Content */
.modal-content {
  position: relative;
  background-color: #fefefe;
  margin: auto;
  padding: 0;
  width: 90%;
  max-width: 1200px;
}

/* The Close Button */
.close {
  color: white;
  position: absolute;
  top: 10px;
  right: 25px;
  font-size: 35px;
  font-weight: bold;
}

.close:hover,
.close:focus {
  color: #999;
  text-decoration: none;
  cursor: pointer;
}

/* Hide the slides by default */
.mySlides {
  display: none;
}

/* Next & previous buttons */
.prev,
.next {
  cursor: pointer;
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  width: auto;
  padding: 16px;
  margin-top: -50px;
  color: white;
  font-weight: bold;
  font-size: 20px;
  transition: 0.6s ease;
  border-radius: 0 3px 3px 0;
  user-select: none;
  -webkit-user-select: none;
}

/* Position the "next button" to the right */
.next {
  right: 0;
  border-radius: 3px 0 0 3px;
}

/* On hover, add a black background color with a little bit see-through */
.prev:hover,
.next:hover {
  background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8);
}

/* Number text (1/3 etc) */
.numbertext {
  color: #f2f2f2;
  font-size: 12px;
  padding: 8px 12px;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
}

/* Caption text */
.caption-container {
  text-align: center;
  background-color: black;
  padding: 2px 16px;
  color: white;
}

img.demo {
  opacity: 0.6;
}

.active,
.demo:hover {
  opacity: 1;
}

img.hover-shadow {
  transition: 0.3s;
}

.hover-shadow:hover {
  box-shadow: 0 4px 8px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2), 0 6px 20px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.19);
}


Step 3: Add JavaScript

Example

<script>
// Open the Modal
function openModal() {
  document.getElementById("myModal").style.display = "block";
}

// Close the Modal
function closeModal() {
  document.getElementById("myModal").style.display = "none";
}

var slideIndex = 1;
showSlides(slideIndex);

// Next/previous controls
function plusSlides(n) {
  showSlides(slideIndex += n);
}

// Thumbnail image controls
function currentSlide(n) {
  showSlides(slideIndex = n);
}

function showSlides(n) {
  var i;
  var slides = document.getElementsByClassName("mySlides");
  var dots = document.getElementsByClassName("demo");
  var captionText = document.getElementById("caption");
  if (n > slides.length) {slideIndex = 1}
  if (n < 1) {slideIndex = slides.length}
  for (i = 0; i < slides.length; i++) {
    slides[i].style.display = "none";
  }
  for (i = 0; i < dots.length; i++) {
    dots[i].className = dots[i].className.replace(" active", "");
  }
  slides[slideIndex-1].style.display = "block";
  dots[slideIndex-1].className += " active";
  captionText.innerHTML = dots[slideIndex-1].alt;
}
</script>


This guide has ended, hope this article will help you in your work.
Thanks for reading !

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