What is Idavoll Network (IDV) | What is Idavoll Network token | What is IDV token

Idavoll Overview

Image for post

Idavoll Network is an decentralized organization platform that provides infrastructure and services to users of the Idavoll Network and Polkadot ParaChains. Each Idavoll Network organization exists as a set of modules that define the organization’s stakeholders and their associated rights and privileges. Idavoll Network will implement idavoll court in the future, developed and maintained by Idavoll Network holders. The idavoll court can be used by organizations, to resolve subjective disputes with binary outcomes.

Idavoll Architecture

Image for post

Idavoll Network is a decentralized organization network based on Substrate and run as aparachain on Polkadot. Idavoll Network has a set of pallets to achive the management of DAOs:orgnaization module, voting module, token module and finance module. By chanining thesemodules together, everyone can define a DAO which constrain how actions can be performedwithin the organization. We will give some common scenarios to explain how the idavoll palletsuse predefined rules to active the standard forwarding operations.

Idavoll Network: Bringing Back Decentralization to the DAO on Polkadot Ecosystem

Image for post

Why is it interesting?

Well, there is a reason why Idavoll is named after a magical valley, which Scandinavian gods used to take meetings and sign deals (probably). It is the first and only cross-chain DAO (decentralized autonomous organization) protocol, where different blockchain ecosystems composed of users, tokens and dApps (decentralized applications) can meet and interact with each. Idavoll solves the problem of interoperabiltiy and also provides the framework for real-life organizations on the blockchain to solve disputes and act as governing bodies.

This is the essence of Idavoll DAO enabling its members to set up resource allocation rules, build consensus and voting mechanisms, etc., all organized with a unified smart contracts logic. As ancient gods used to divide their responsibilities to better rule the universe, organizations working on Idavoll protocol (companies, open source projects, NGOs, foundations, hedge funds…) will be able to delegate decisions to its members, control their activities and rule our disputes, while staying completely on the decentralized chain. It’s a self-sufficient universe, where each organization can renew itself and maintain its identity forever.

So Idavoll Network — is a DAO management platform providing infrastructure and services within the Polkadot ecosystem. It is based on the substrate development framework, which has a modular structure allowing the permitted addresses (users) to create and manage various foundations built on any blockchain. For example, any DeFi project on Ethereum will be able to run its heavy governance process on the Idavoll Network (because of scalability issues governance will be expensive and slow on Ethereum) through the Polkadot bridge chain, the DAO. The results of its governance on Idavoll will be executed on Ethereum, enabling various projects to complete decentralized DAO management at very low cost. In a different use case, the Idavoll Network can serve off- chain foundations, combining off-chain data with on-chain rules to complete the governance process.

Image for post

Idavoll Network is going to issue 2 billion IDV tokens enabling democratic, audible and transparent fund distribution and network rules — for the first time in the cross-blockchain universe.Stay tuned for the Polkadot mainnet launch in Q2, 2021!

Gate.io Startup Initial Offering: Idavoll Network (IDV)

Gate.io has launched Startup, a platform that aims to provide users with access to innovative and advanced projects. Traders now have more opportunities to make an initial investment.

Gate.io Startup will launch its next project with Idavoll Network on March 3rd, 2021 at 4:00 AM UTC.

Startup Link: https://www.gate.io/en/startup/

1. Introduction to Idavoll Network

Idavoll Network is based on Substrate development framework running as a parachain on Polkadot. Idavoll Network has a set of pallets to achieve the management of DAOs: organization module; voting module; token module and finance module. By interconnecting the four main modules together, everyone can define a DAO which constrains how actions can be performed within the organization.

Click here to check out more: https://www.gate.io/en/startup/64

2.Token Information

(The information below is provided by Idavoll Network team. Please follow Idavoll Network to learn more)

Token name:Idavoll Network

Token symbol:IDV

Supply :2,000,000,000 IDV

Initial Circulation Supply: 10.51%

Token Type: ERC-20

Smart Contract: 0x92ec47df1aa167806dfa4916d9cfb99da6953b8f

Token allocation

Foundation Reserve: 15%

Founding Team: 15%

Eco Incentive: 20%

Miner Incentive: 25%

Private Sale: 25%

Prices of Private Token Sales

Seed Round: 0.002 USDT / IDV

Strategic Round: 0.004 USDT / IDV

Private Round: 0.005 USDT / IDV

Token use case:

For transaction fee, each transaction requires a certain amount of bandwidth to be included in the block and a certain amount of computing power to ute. For Idavoll court, a certain amount of IDV must be mortgaged to the Idavoll court before a disputed proposal is adjudicated. Also there are eco incentive and node verification.

website:  https://idavoll.network/

3. IDV Startup Sales Rules

(1) Duration: 4:00 AM - 10:00 AM UTC, March 3rd, 2021 (Orders placed by qualified users within these 6 hours will be treated equally.)

(2) To participate in Startup Sale, users will need to be VIP1 and above.

(3) Price: $0.009 , Startup Supply :22,222,222 IDV, released 30% first moth, 30% second month, 40% third month.

(4) Purchase limit: The maximum individual purchase limit will be 555,556 IDV( about $5000).

(5) Users place orders using USDG

(6) Users can place orders from 4:00AM - 10:00 AM UTC, March 3rd . Orders placed by qualified users within these 6 hours will be treated equally.

(7) Users need to ensure that there is sufficient balance (exceeding the purchase value) in accounts for the purchase after placing the orders until we announce the sale result. An insufficient balance will result in the cancellation of the purchase order.

(8) Each type of currency can only purchase once with each KYC account.

(9) After 10:00 AM UTC, we will collect all the qualified orders and calculate the tokens distribution according to the ratio of the individual purchase orders to the purchase orders in total. The final result will be announced two hours later at 12:00 PM UTC, March 3rd, 2021.

(10) Trading starts : March 3rd 12:00 PM UTC

(11) Deposits opens: March 3rd, 12:00 PM UTC

Gate.io Labs Private Sale Participating Disclosure

(1) Capital : 30,000 USDT

(2) Price: 0.004 USDT

(3) Token release schedule: 20% unlocked before listing, the remaining unlocked over 4 months.

Attention

(1) Countries not supported: Afghanistan, Albania, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Burma, Canada, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cuba, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Liberia, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Somalia, Syria, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United States of America, Venezuela, Yemen, Zimbabwe.

For users from other countries, please check and make sure your participation in the token sale on Startup complies with local laws and regulations.

Would you like to earn IDV right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

How and Where to Buy IDV?

IDV has been listed on a number of crypto exchanges, unlike other main cryptocurrencies, it cannot be directly purchased with fiats money. However, You can still easily buy this coin by first buying Bitcoin, ETH, USDT from any large exchanges and then transfer to the exchange that offers to trade this coin, in this guide article we will walk you through in detail the steps to buy …

You will have to first buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT)…

We will use Binance Exchange here as it is one of the largest crypto exchanges that accept fiat deposits.

Binance is a popular cryptocurrency exchange which was started in China but then moved their headquarters to the crypto-friendly Island of Malta in the EU. Binance is popular for its crypto to crypto exchange services. Binance exploded onto the scene in the mania of 2017 and has since gone on to become the top crypto exchange in the world.

Once you finished the KYC process. You will be asked to add a payment method. Here you can either choose to provide a credit/debit card or use a bank transfer, and buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT)

SIGN UP ON BINANCE

Step by Step Guide : What is Binance | How to Create an account on Binance (Updated 2021)

Next step - Transfer your cryptos to an Altcoin Exchange

Since IDV is an altcoin we need to transfer our coins to an exchange that IDV can be traded. Below is a list of exchanges that offers to trade IDV in various market pairs, head to their websites and register for an account.

Once finished you will then need to make a BTC/ETH/USDT deposit to the exchange from Binance depending on the available market pairs. After the deposit is confirmed you may then purchase IDV from the exchange.

Exchange: Gate.io

SIGN UP ON Gate.io

Apart from the exchange(s) above, there are a few popular crypto exchanges where they have decent daily trading volumes and a huge user base. This will ensure you will be able to sell your coins at any time and the fees will usually be lower. It is suggested that you also register on these exchanges since once IDV gets listed there it will attract a large amount of trading volumes from the users there, that means you will be having some great trading opportunities!

Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money

BinanceBittrexPoloniexBitfinexHuobiMXCProBITGate.ioCoinbase

Find more information IDV

WebsiteWhitepaperSource CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Message Board

Would you like to earn many tokens and cryptocurrencies right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

Thank for visiting and reading this article! I’m highly appreciate your actions! Please share if you liked it!

#blockchain #bitcoin #idavoll network #idv

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

What is Idavoll Network (IDV) | What is Idavoll Network token | What is IDV token

What is Idavoll Network (IDV) | What is Idavoll Network token | What is IDV token

Idavoll Overview

Image for post

Idavoll Network is an decentralized organization platform that provides infrastructure and services to users of the Idavoll Network and Polkadot ParaChains. Each Idavoll Network organization exists as a set of modules that define the organization’s stakeholders and their associated rights and privileges. Idavoll Network will implement idavoll court in the future, developed and maintained by Idavoll Network holders. The idavoll court can be used by organizations, to resolve subjective disputes with binary outcomes.

Idavoll Architecture

Image for post

Idavoll Network is a decentralized organization network based on Substrate and run as aparachain on Polkadot. Idavoll Network has a set of pallets to achive the management of DAOs:orgnaization module, voting module, token module and finance module. By chanining thesemodules together, everyone can define a DAO which constrain how actions can be performedwithin the organization. We will give some common scenarios to explain how the idavoll palletsuse predefined rules to active the standard forwarding operations.

Idavoll Network: Bringing Back Decentralization to the DAO on Polkadot Ecosystem

Image for post

Why is it interesting?

Well, there is a reason why Idavoll is named after a magical valley, which Scandinavian gods used to take meetings and sign deals (probably). It is the first and only cross-chain DAO (decentralized autonomous organization) protocol, where different blockchain ecosystems composed of users, tokens and dApps (decentralized applications) can meet and interact with each. Idavoll solves the problem of interoperabiltiy and also provides the framework for real-life organizations on the blockchain to solve disputes and act as governing bodies.

This is the essence of Idavoll DAO enabling its members to set up resource allocation rules, build consensus and voting mechanisms, etc., all organized with a unified smart contracts logic. As ancient gods used to divide their responsibilities to better rule the universe, organizations working on Idavoll protocol (companies, open source projects, NGOs, foundations, hedge funds…) will be able to delegate decisions to its members, control their activities and rule our disputes, while staying completely on the decentralized chain. It’s a self-sufficient universe, where each organization can renew itself and maintain its identity forever.

So Idavoll Network — is a DAO management platform providing infrastructure and services within the Polkadot ecosystem. It is based on the substrate development framework, which has a modular structure allowing the permitted addresses (users) to create and manage various foundations built on any blockchain. For example, any DeFi project on Ethereum will be able to run its heavy governance process on the Idavoll Network (because of scalability issues governance will be expensive and slow on Ethereum) through the Polkadot bridge chain, the DAO. The results of its governance on Idavoll will be executed on Ethereum, enabling various projects to complete decentralized DAO management at very low cost. In a different use case, the Idavoll Network can serve off- chain foundations, combining off-chain data with on-chain rules to complete the governance process.

Image for post

Idavoll Network is going to issue 2 billion IDV tokens enabling democratic, audible and transparent fund distribution and network rules — for the first time in the cross-blockchain universe.Stay tuned for the Polkadot mainnet launch in Q2, 2021!

Gate.io Startup Initial Offering: Idavoll Network (IDV)

Gate.io has launched Startup, a platform that aims to provide users with access to innovative and advanced projects. Traders now have more opportunities to make an initial investment.

Gate.io Startup will launch its next project with Idavoll Network on March 3rd, 2021 at 4:00 AM UTC.

Startup Link: https://www.gate.io/en/startup/

1. Introduction to Idavoll Network

Idavoll Network is based on Substrate development framework running as a parachain on Polkadot. Idavoll Network has a set of pallets to achieve the management of DAOs: organization module; voting module; token module and finance module. By interconnecting the four main modules together, everyone can define a DAO which constrains how actions can be performed within the organization.

Click here to check out more: https://www.gate.io/en/startup/64

2.Token Information

(The information below is provided by Idavoll Network team. Please follow Idavoll Network to learn more)

Token name:Idavoll Network

Token symbol:IDV

Supply :2,000,000,000 IDV

Initial Circulation Supply: 10.51%

Token Type: ERC-20

Smart Contract: 0x92ec47df1aa167806dfa4916d9cfb99da6953b8f

Token allocation

Foundation Reserve: 15%

Founding Team: 15%

Eco Incentive: 20%

Miner Incentive: 25%

Private Sale: 25%

Prices of Private Token Sales

Seed Round: 0.002 USDT / IDV

Strategic Round: 0.004 USDT / IDV

Private Round: 0.005 USDT / IDV

Token use case:

For transaction fee, each transaction requires a certain amount of bandwidth to be included in the block and a certain amount of computing power to ute. For Idavoll court, a certain amount of IDV must be mortgaged to the Idavoll court before a disputed proposal is adjudicated. Also there are eco incentive and node verification.

website:  https://idavoll.network/

3. IDV Startup Sales Rules

(1) Duration: 4:00 AM - 10:00 AM UTC, March 3rd, 2021 (Orders placed by qualified users within these 6 hours will be treated equally.)

(2) To participate in Startup Sale, users will need to be VIP1 and above.

(3) Price: $0.009 , Startup Supply :22,222,222 IDV, released 30% first moth, 30% second month, 40% third month.

(4) Purchase limit: The maximum individual purchase limit will be 555,556 IDV( about $5000).

(5) Users place orders using USDG

(6) Users can place orders from 4:00AM - 10:00 AM UTC, March 3rd . Orders placed by qualified users within these 6 hours will be treated equally.

(7) Users need to ensure that there is sufficient balance (exceeding the purchase value) in accounts for the purchase after placing the orders until we announce the sale result. An insufficient balance will result in the cancellation of the purchase order.

(8) Each type of currency can only purchase once with each KYC account.

(9) After 10:00 AM UTC, we will collect all the qualified orders and calculate the tokens distribution according to the ratio of the individual purchase orders to the purchase orders in total. The final result will be announced two hours later at 12:00 PM UTC, March 3rd, 2021.

(10) Trading starts : March 3rd 12:00 PM UTC

(11) Deposits opens: March 3rd, 12:00 PM UTC

Gate.io Labs Private Sale Participating Disclosure

(1) Capital : 30,000 USDT

(2) Price: 0.004 USDT

(3) Token release schedule: 20% unlocked before listing, the remaining unlocked over 4 months.

Attention

(1) Countries not supported: Afghanistan, Albania, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Burma, Canada, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cuba, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Liberia, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Somalia, Syria, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United States of America, Venezuela, Yemen, Zimbabwe.

For users from other countries, please check and make sure your participation in the token sale on Startup complies with local laws and regulations.

Would you like to earn IDV right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

How and Where to Buy IDV?

IDV has been listed on a number of crypto exchanges, unlike other main cryptocurrencies, it cannot be directly purchased with fiats money. However, You can still easily buy this coin by first buying Bitcoin, ETH, USDT from any large exchanges and then transfer to the exchange that offers to trade this coin, in this guide article we will walk you through in detail the steps to buy …

You will have to first buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT)…

We will use Binance Exchange here as it is one of the largest crypto exchanges that accept fiat deposits.

Binance is a popular cryptocurrency exchange which was started in China but then moved their headquarters to the crypto-friendly Island of Malta in the EU. Binance is popular for its crypto to crypto exchange services. Binance exploded onto the scene in the mania of 2017 and has since gone on to become the top crypto exchange in the world.

Once you finished the KYC process. You will be asked to add a payment method. Here you can either choose to provide a credit/debit card or use a bank transfer, and buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT)

SIGN UP ON BINANCE

Step by Step Guide : What is Binance | How to Create an account on Binance (Updated 2021)

Next step - Transfer your cryptos to an Altcoin Exchange

Since IDV is an altcoin we need to transfer our coins to an exchange that IDV can be traded. Below is a list of exchanges that offers to trade IDV in various market pairs, head to their websites and register for an account.

Once finished you will then need to make a BTC/ETH/USDT deposit to the exchange from Binance depending on the available market pairs. After the deposit is confirmed you may then purchase IDV from the exchange.

Exchange: Gate.io

SIGN UP ON Gate.io

Apart from the exchange(s) above, there are a few popular crypto exchanges where they have decent daily trading volumes and a huge user base. This will ensure you will be able to sell your coins at any time and the fees will usually be lower. It is suggested that you also register on these exchanges since once IDV gets listed there it will attract a large amount of trading volumes from the users there, that means you will be having some great trading opportunities!

Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money

BinanceBittrexPoloniexBitfinexHuobiMXCProBITGate.ioCoinbase

Find more information IDV

WebsiteWhitepaperSource CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Message Board

Would you like to earn many tokens and cryptocurrencies right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

Thank for visiting and reading this article! I’m highly appreciate your actions! Please share if you liked it!

#blockchain #bitcoin #idavoll network #idv

Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1658068560

WordsCounted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

Gem Version 

RubyDoc documentation.

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.


Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: Abitdodgy
Source Code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted 
License: MIT license

#ruby #nlp 

Words Counted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor.

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

 

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: abitdodgy
Source code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted
License: MIT license

#ruby  #ruby-on-rails 

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