CLFFT.jl: Julia Bindings for AMD's ClFFT Library

CLFFT.jl

Julia bindings to clFFT library.

Example

import OpenCL
import CLFFT
import FFTW
using LinearAlgebra

const cl = OpenCL.cl
const clfft = CLFFT

_, ctx, queue = cl.create_compute_context()

N = 100
X = ones(ComplexF64, N)
bufX = cl.Buffer(ComplexF64, ctx, :copy, hostbuf=X)

p = clfft.Plan(ComplexF64, ctx, size(X))
clfft.set_layout!(p, :interleaved, :interleaved)
clfft.set_result!(p, :inplace)
clfft.bake!(p, queue)

clfft.enqueue_transform(p, :forward, [queue], bufX, nothing)  
result = cl.read(queue, bufX)

@assert isapprox(norm(result - FFTW.fft(X)), zero(Float32))

Download Details:

Author: JuliaGPU
Source Code: https://github.com/JuliaGPU/CLFFT.jl 
License: View license

#julia #library 

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CLFFT.jl: Julia Bindings for AMD's ClFFT Library

CLFFT.jl: Julia Bindings for AMD's ClFFT Library

CLFFT.jl

Julia bindings to clFFT library.

Example

import OpenCL
import CLFFT
import FFTW
using LinearAlgebra

const cl = OpenCL.cl
const clfft = CLFFT

_, ctx, queue = cl.create_compute_context()

N = 100
X = ones(ComplexF64, N)
bufX = cl.Buffer(ComplexF64, ctx, :copy, hostbuf=X)

p = clfft.Plan(ComplexF64, ctx, size(X))
clfft.set_layout!(p, :interleaved, :interleaved)
clfft.set_result!(p, :inplace)
clfft.bake!(p, queue)

clfft.enqueue_transform(p, :forward, [queue], bufX, nothing)  
result = cl.read(queue, bufX)

@assert isapprox(norm(result - FFTW.fft(X)), zero(Float32))

Download Details:

Author: JuliaGPU
Source Code: https://github.com/JuliaGPU/CLFFT.jl 
License: View license

#julia #library 

GraphViz.jl: Julia Binding to The GraphViz Library

GraphViz.jl

This package provides an interface to the the GraphViz package for graph visualization. There are two primary entry points:

  • The GraphViz.load function (not exported) to load graphs from a file
  • The dot""" string macro for literal inline specifications of graphs

Both of these accept Graph type accepts graph in DOT format. To load a graph from a non-constant string, use GraphViz.load with an IOBuffer.

Getting started

If you already have a graph you would like to work with, the following code snippets may be helpful. If not, have a look at the "Simple Examples" section below

using GraphViz
GraphViz.load("mygraph.dot")
dot"""
 digraph graphname {
     a -> b -> c;
     b -> d;
 }
""")

Usage

After obtaining the package through the package manager, the following suffices to load the package:

using GraphViz

Note that graphviz has many configuration options. In particular, both the Cairo and the GTK backends may be disabled by default.

Simple Examples

Try the following in an IJulia Notebook (this example is taken from here):

dot"""
graph graphname {
     // The label attribute can be used to change the label of a node
     a [label="Foo"];
     // Here, the node shape is changed.
     b [shape=box];
     // These edges both have different line properties
     a -- b -- c [color=blue];
     b -- d [style=dotted];
 }
"""

Download Details:

Author: JuliaGraphs
Source Code: https://github.com/JuliaGraphs/GraphViz.jl 
License: View license

#julia #graphs #binding 

IntelVectorMath.jl: Julia bindings for the Intel Vector Math Library

IntelVectorMath.jl (formerly VML.jl)

This package provides bindings to the Intel MKL Vector Mathematics Functions. This is often substantially faster than broadcasting Julia's built-in functions, especially when applying a transcendental function over a large array. Until Julia 0.6 the package was registered as VML.jl.

Similar packages are Yeppp.jl, which wraps the open source Yeppp library, and AppleAccelerate.jl, which provides access to macOS's Accelerate framework.

Warning for macOS

There is currently the following issue between the CompilerSupportLibraries_jll artifact, which is used for example by SpecialFunctions.jl, and MKL_jll. Unless MKL_jll is loaded first, there might be wrong results coming from a small number of function for particular input array lengths. If you are unsure which, if any, your used packages might load this artifact, loading IntelVectorMath as the very first package should be fine.

Basic install

To install IntelVectorMath.jl run

julia> ] add IntelVectorMath

Since version 0.4 IntelVectorMath uses the MKL_jll artifact, which is shared with other packages uses MKL, removing several other dependencies. This has the side effect that from version 0.4 onwards this package requires at least Julia 1.3.

For older versions of Julia IntelVectorMath v0.3 downloads its own version of MKL and keeps only the required files in its own directory. As such installing MKL.jl or MKL via intel are no longer required, and may mean some duplicate files if they are present. However, this package will adopt the new artifact system in the next minor version update and fix this issue. In the event that MKL was not installed properly you will get an error when first using it. Please try running

julia> ] build IntelVectorMath

If this does not work, please open an issue and include the output of <packagedir>/deps/build.log.

Renaming from VML

If you used this package prior to its renaming, you may have to run ] rm VML first. Otherwise there will be a conflict due to the UUID.

Using IntelVectorMath

After loading IntelVectorMath, you have the supported function listed below, for example IntelVectorMath.sin(rand(100)). These should provide a significant speed-up over broadcasting the Base functions. Since the package name is quite long, an alias IVM is also exported to allow IVM.sin(rand(100)) after using the package. If you import the package, you can add this alias via const IVM = IntelVectorMath. Equally, you can replace IVM with another alias of your choice.

Example

julia> using IntelVectorMath, BenchmarkTools

julia> a = randn(10^4);

julia> @btime sin.($a);     # apply Base.sin to each element
  102.128 μs (2 allocations: 78.20 KiB)

julia> @btime IVM.sin($a);  # apply IVM.sin to the whole array
  20.900 μs (2 allocations: 78.20 KiB)

julia> b = similar(a);

julia> @btime IVM.sin!(b, a);  # in-place version
  20.008 μs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)

Accuracy

By default, IntelVectorMath uses VML_HA mode, which corresponds to an accuracy of <1 ulp, matching the accuracy of Julia's built-in openlibm implementation, although the exact results may be different. To specify low accuracy, use vml_set_accuracy(VML_LA). To specify enhanced performance, use vml_set_accuracy(VML_EP). More documentation regarding these options is available on Intel's website.

Performance

Summary of Results:

Relative speed of IntelVectorMath/Base: The height of the bars is how fast IntelVectorMath is compared to using broadcasting for functions in Base

IntelVectorMath Performance Comparison

IntelVectorMath Complex Performance Comparison

Full Results:

Real Functions - Full Benchmark Results

Dimension set 1 Dimension set 2 Dimension set 3 Dimension set 4 Dimension set 5 Dimension set 6 Dimension set 7 Dimension set 8 Dimension set 9 Dimension set 10

Complex Functions - Full Benchmark Results

Dimension set 1 Dimension set 2 Dimension set 3 Dimension set 4 Dimension set 5 Dimension set 6 Dimension set 7 Dimension set 8 Dimension set 9 Dimension set 10

Real Functions - Performance over dimensions

abs abs2 acos acosh asin asinh atan atanh cbrt ceil cis cos cosh erf erfc erfcinv erfcinv exp expm1 floor gamma hypot log round sin sinh sqrt tan tanh trunc


 

Tests were performed on an Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-8250U @ 1.6 [GHz] 1800 Mhz. The dashed line indicates equivalent performance for IntelVectorMath versus the implementations in Base.

Supported functions

IntelVectorMath.jl supports the following functions, most for Float32 and Float64, while some also take complex numbers.

Unary functions

Allocating forms have signature f(A). Mutating forms have signatures f!(A) (in place) and f!(out, A) (out of place). The last 9 functions have been moved from Base to SpecialFunctions.jl or have no Base equivalent.

AllocatingMutating
acosacos!
asinasin!
atanatan!
coscos!
sinsin!
tantan!
acoshacosh!
asinhasinh!
atanhatanh!
coshcosh!
sinhsinh!
tanhtanh!
cbrtcbrt!
sqrtsqrt!
expexpm1!
loglog!
log10log10!
log1plog1p!
absabs!
abs2abs2!
ceilceil!
floorfloor!
roundround!
trunctrunc!
erferf!
erfcerfc!
erfinverfinv!
efcinvefcinv!
gammagamma!
lgammalgamma!
inv_cbrtinv_cbrt!
inv_sqrtinv_sqrt!
pow2o3pow2o3!
pow3o2pow3o2!

Binary functions

Allocating forms have signature f(A, B). Mutating forms have signature f!(out, A, B).

AllocatingMutating
atanatan!
hypothypot!
powpow!
dividedivide!

Next steps

Next steps for this package

  •  Windows support
  •  Basic Testing
  •  Avoiding overloading base and optional overload function
  •  Travis and AppVeyor testing
  •  Adding CIS function
  •  Move Testing to GitHub Actions
  •  Add test for using standalone MKL
  •  Update Benchmarks
  •  Add tests for mutating functions
  •  Add own dependency management via BinaryProvider
  •  Update function list in README
  •  Adopt Julia 1.3 artifact system, breaking backwards compatibility

Advanced

IntelVectorMath.jl uses CpuId.jl to detect if your processor supports the newer avx2 instructions, and if not defaults to libmkl_vml_avx. If your system does not have AVX this package will currently not work for you. If the CPU feature detection does not work for you, please open an issue.

Download Details:

Author: JuliaMath
Source Code: https://github.com/JuliaMath/IntelVectorMath.jl 
License: View license

#julia #binding #cryptography 

SFML.jl: A Binding Of The Game and Multimedia Library SFML for Julia

SFML.jl


This is a binding of the C++ game and multimedia library SFML (Simple and Fast Multimedia Library), developed by Laurent Gomila, for Julia. SFML is often used for game development but it can be used for anything graphics-related.

It also has audio libraries and networking libraries.

There is currently almost complete support for graphics, great support for audio, and complete support for network.

SFML.jl works on Mac OS X, Linux, and Windows.

Take a look at the examples folder to see some usage examples.

For much larger examples (games) see these two examples: Jumping Game and Space Shooter (this one is more complex).

You can view a talk I gave about SFML.jl at JuliaCon 2015 here. All the demos that I used in that talk are available in the JuliaCon-SFML repository.

Installation

To install on any OS, run:

julia> Pkg.add("SFML")

If you want to install the master version use:

julia> Pkg.clone("SFML")
julia> Pkg.build("SFML")

Linux

Please make sure you have Glibc 2.14 installed, and let me know if there are any build problems on Linux (I don't use Linux very much). The Linux binaries don't come with any of the dependencies so you have to install them yourself. Here is the list:

  • pthread
  • opengl
  • xlib
  • xrandr
  • freetype
  • glew
  • jpeg
  • sndfile
  • openal

On Debian you can install the package libsfml-dev which will also install all dependencies. You can also run the commands here (you don't need to install cmake-gui).

Screenshots and Gifs

It is very simple to take a screen shot using SFML. Just use screenshot(window, filename).

You can also take a screenshot and store it in an Image object without saving the image using image = capture(window)


To create a gif, you must have imagemagick installed.

Making gifs is only slightly more complicated. You can use the make_gif(window, width, height, duration, filename, delay) function (duration and delay are in seconds).

When you run the program, it will asynchronously create the gif and will give you constant feedback in the console. If you don't see anything in the console, add a sleep(0) declaration at the start of the animation loop to allow Julia time to switch between the processes.

The gif creation is done when it says Created gif XXX.gif.

What has not been bound (yet)

  • SoundStreams
  • SoundStreamRecorders
  • SFML threads (pthreads)
  • Transforms

For the first three, we will probably have to wait for Julia to support multithreading.

Download Details:

Author: Zyedidia
Source Code: https://github.com/zyedidia/SFML.jl 
License: View license

#julia #game #binding 

FFTW.jl: Julia Bindings to The FFTW Library for Fast Fourier Transform

FFTW.jl

This package provides Julia bindings to the FFTW library for fast Fourier transforms (FFTs), as well as functionality useful for signal processing. These functions were formerly a part of Base Julia.

Usage and documentation

]add FFTW
using FFTW
fft([0; 1; 2; 1])

returns

4-element Array{Complex{Float64},1}:
  4.0 + 0.0im
 -2.0 + 0.0im
  0.0 + 0.0im
 -2.0 + 0.0im

The documentation of generic FFT functionality can be found in the AbstractFFTs.jl package. Additional functionalities supported by the FFTW library are documented in the present package.

MKL

Alternatively, the FFTs in Intel's Math Kernel Library (MKL) can be used by running FFTW.set_provider!("mkl"). MKL will be provided through MKL_jll. This change of provider is persistent and has to be done only once, i.e., the package will use MKL when building and updating. Note however that MKL provides only a subset of the functionality provided by FFTW. See Intel's documentation for more information about potential differences or gaps in functionality. In case MKL does not fit the needs (anymore), FFTW.set_provider!("fftw") allows to revert the change of provider.

Download Details:

Author: JuliaMath
Source Code: https://github.com/JuliaMath/FFTW.jl 
License: MIT license

#julia #math #binding