Cayla  Erdman

Cayla Erdman


Flask project setup: TDD, Docker, Postgres and more

In this series of posts I explore the development of a Flask project with a setup that is built with efficiency and tidiness in mind, using TDD, Docker and Postgres.


In the first and second posts I created a Flask project with a tidy setup, using Docker to run the development environment and the tests, and mapping important commands in a management script, so that the configuration can be in a single file and drive the whole system.

In this post I will show you how to easily create scenarios, that is databases created on the fly with custom data, so that it is possible to test queries in isolation, either with the Flask application or with the command line. I will also show you how to define a configuration for production and give some hints for the deployment.

Step 1 - Creating scenarios

The idea of scenarios is simple. Sometimes you need to investigate specific use cases for bugs, or maybe increase the performances of some database queries, and you might need to do this on a customised database. This is a scenario, a Python file that populates the database with a specific set of data and that allows you to run the application or the database shell on it.

Often the development database is a copy of the production one, maybe with sensitive data stripped to avoid leaking private information, and while this gives us a realistic case where to test queries (e.g. how does the query perform on 1 million lines?) it might not help during the initial investigations, where you need to have all the data in fron of you to properly understand what happens. Whoever learned how joins work in relational databases understands what I mean here.

In principle, to create a scenario we just need to spin up an empty database and to run the scenario code against it. In practice, things are not much more complicated, but there are a couple of minor issues that we need to solve.

First, I am already running a database for the development and one for the testing. The second is ephemeral, but I decided to setup the project so that I can run the tests while the development database is up, and the way I did it was using port 5432 (the standard Postgres one) for development and 5433 for testing. Spinning up scenarios adds more databases to the equation. Clearly I do not expect to run 5 scenrios at the same time while running the development and the test databases, but I make myself a rule to make something generic as soon I do it for the third time.

This means that I won’t create a database for a scenario on port 5434 and will instead look for a more generic solution. This is offered me by the Docker networking model, where I can map a container port to the host but avoid assigning the destination port, and it will be chose randomly by Docker itself among the unprivileged ones. This means that I can create a Postgres container mapping port 5432 (the port in the container) and having Docker connect it to port 32838 in the host (for example). As long as the application knows which port to use this is absolutely the same as using port 5432.

Unfortunately the Docker interface is not extremely script-friendly when it comes to providing information and I have to parse the output a bit. Practically speaking, after I spin up the containers, I will run the command docker-compose port db 5432 which will return a string like, and I will extract the port from it. Nothing major, but these are the (sometimes many) issues you face when you orchestrate different systems together.

The new management script is


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Flask project setup: TDD, Docker, Postgres and more
Autumn  Blick

Autumn Blick


Top Android Projects with Source Code

Android Projects with Source Code – Your entry pass into the world of Android

Hello Everyone, welcome to this article, which is going to be really important to all those who’re in dilemma for their projects and the project submissions. This article is also going to help you if you’re an enthusiast looking forward to explore and enhance your Android skills. The reason is that we’re here to provide you the best ideas of Android Project with source code that you can choose as per your choice.

These project ideas are simple suggestions to help you deal with the difficulty of choosing the correct projects. In this article, we’ll see the project ideas from beginners level and later we’ll move on to intermediate to advance.

top android projects with source code

Android Projects with Source Code

Before working on real-time projects, it is recommended to create a sample hello world project in android studio and get a flavor of project creation as well as execution: Create your first android project

Android Projects for beginners

1. Calculator

build a simple calculator app in android studio source code

Android Project: A calculator will be an easy application if you have just learned Android and coding for Java. This Application will simply take the input values and the operation to be performed from the users. After taking the input it’ll return the results to them on the screen. This is a really easy application and doesn’t need use of any particular package.

To make a calculator you’d need Android IDE, Kotlin/Java for coding, and for layout of your application, you’d need XML or JSON. For this, coding would be the same as that in any language, but in the form of an application. Not to forget creating a calculator initially will increase your logical thinking.

Once the user installs the calculator, they’re ready to use it even without the internet. They’ll enter the values, and the application will show them the value after performing the given operations on the entered operands.

Source Code: Simple Calculator Project

2. A Reminder App

Android Project: This is a good project for beginners. A Reminder App can help you set reminders for different events that you have throughout the day. It’ll help you stay updated with all your tasks for the day. It can be useful for all those who are not so good at organizing their plans and forget easily. This would be a simple application just whose task would be just to remind you of something at a particular time.

To make a Reminder App you need to code in Kotlin/Java and design the layout using XML or JSON. For the functionality of the app, you’d need to make use of AlarmManager Class and Notifications in Android.

In this, the user would be able to set reminders and time in the application. Users can schedule reminders that would remind them to drink water again and again throughout the day. Or to remind them of their medications.

3. Quiz Application

Android Project: Another beginner’s level project Idea can be a Quiz Application in android. Here you can provide the users with Quiz on various general knowledge topics. These practices will ensure that you’re able to set the layouts properly and slowly increase your pace of learning the Android application development. In this you’ll learn to use various Layout components at the same time understanding them better.

To make a quiz application you’ll need to code in Java and set layouts using xml or java whichever you prefer. You can also use JSON for the layouts whichever preferable.

In the app, questions would be asked and answers would be shown as multiple choices. The user selects the answer and gets shown on the screen if the answers are correct. In the end the final marks would be shown to the users.

4. Simple Tic-Tac-Toe

android project tic tac toe game app

Android Project: Tic-Tac-Toe is a nice game, I guess most of you all are well aware of it. This will be a game for two players. In this android game, users would be putting X and O in the given 9 parts of a box one by one. The first player to arrange X or O in an adjacent line of three wins.

To build this game, you’d need Java and XML for Android Studio. And simply apply the logic on that. This game will have a set of three matches. So, it’ll also have a scoreboard. This scoreboard will show the final result at the end of one complete set.

Upon entering the game they’ll enter their names. And that’s when the game begins. They’ll touch one of the empty boxes present there and get their turn one by one. At the end of the game, there would be a winner declared.

Source Code: Tic Tac Toe Game Project

5. Stopwatch

Android Project: A stopwatch is another simple android project idea that will work the same as a normal handheld timepiece that measures the time elapsed between its activation and deactivation. This application will have three buttons that are: start, stop, and hold.

This application would need to use Java and XML. For this application, we need to set the timer properly as it is initially set to milliseconds, and that should be converted to minutes and then hours properly. The users can use this application and all they’d need to do is, start the stopwatch and then stop it when they are done. They can also pause the timer and continue it again when they like.

6. To Do App

Android Project: This is another very simple project idea for you as a beginner. This application as the name suggests will be a To-Do list holding app. It’ll store the users schedules and their upcoming meetings or events. In this application, users will be enabled to write their important notes as well. To make it safe, provide a login page before the user can access it.

So, this app will have a login page, sign-up page, logout system, and the area to write their tasks, events, or important notes. You can build it in android studio using Java and XML at ease. Using XML you can build the user interface as user-friendly as you can. And to store the users’ data, you can use SQLite enabling the users to even delete the data permanently.

Now for users, they will sign up and get access to the write section. Here the users can note down the things and store them permanently. Users can also alter the data or delete them. Finally, they can logout and also, login again and again whenever they like.

7. Roman to decimal converter

Android Project: This app is aimed at the conversion of Roman numbers to their significant decimal number. It’ll help to check the meaning of the roman numbers. Moreover, it will be easy to develop and will help you get your hands on coding and Android.

You need to use Android Studio, Java for coding and XML for interface. The application will take input from the users and convert them to decimal. Once it converts the Roman no. into decimal, it will show the results on the screen.

The users are supposed to just enter the Roman Number and they’ll get the decimal values on the screen. This can be a good android project for final year students.

8. Virtual Dice Roller

Android Project: Well, coming to this part that is Virtual Dice or a random no. generator. It is another simple but interesting app for computer science students. The only task that it would need to do would be to generate a number randomly. This can help people who’re often confused between two or more things.

Using a simple random number generator you can actually create something as good as this. All you’d need to do is get you hands-on OnClick listeners. And a good layout would be cherry on the cake.

The user’s task would be to set the range of the numbers and then click on the roll button. And the app will show them a randomly generated number. Isn’t it interesting ? Try soon!

9. A Scientific Calculator App

Android Project: This application is very important for you as a beginner as it will let you use your logical thinking and improve your programming skills. This is a scientific calculator that will help the users to do various calculations at ease.

To make this application you’d need to use Android Studio. Here you’d need to use arithmetic logics for the calculations. The user would need to give input to the application that will be in terms of numbers. After that, the user will give the operator as an input. Then the Application will calculate and generate the result on the user screen.

10. SMS App

Android Project: An SMS app is another easy but effective idea. It will let you send the SMS to various no. just in the same way as you use the default messaging application in your phone. This project will help you with better understanding of SMSManager in Android.

For this application, you would need to implement Java class SMSManager in Android. For the Layout you can use XML or JSON. Implementing SMSManager into the app is an easy task, so you would love this.

The user would be provided with the facility to text to whichever number they wish also, they’d be able to choose the numbers from the contact list. Another thing would be the Textbox, where they’ll enter their message. Once the message is entered they can happily click on the send button.

#android tutorials #android application final year project #android mini projects #android project for beginners #android project ideas #android project ideas for beginners #android projects #android projects for students #android projects with source code #android topics list #intermediate android projects #real-time android projects

Shawn  Durgan

Shawn Durgan


10 Writing steps to create a good project brief - Mobile app development

Developing a mobile application can often be more challenging than it seems at first glance. Whether you’re a developer, UI designer, project lead or CEO of a mobile-based startup, writing good project briefs prior to development is pivotal. According to Tech Jury, 87% of smartphone users spend time exclusively on mobile apps, with 18-24-year-olds spending 66% of total digital time on mobile apps. Of that, 89% of the time is spent on just 18 apps depending on individual users’ preferences, making proper app planning crucial for success.

Today’s audiences know what they want and don’t want in their mobile apps, encouraging teams to carefully write their project plans before they approach development. But how do you properly write a mobile app development brief without sacrificing your vision and staying within the initial budget? Why should you do so in the first place? Let’s discuss that and more in greater detail.

Why a Good Mobile App Project Brief Matters?


It’s worth discussing the significance of mobile app project briefs before we tackle the writing process itself. In practice, a project brief is used as a reference tool for developers to remain focused on the client’s deliverables. Approaching the development process without written and approved documentation can lead to drastic, last-minute changes, misunderstanding, as well as a loss of resources and brand reputation.

For example, developing a mobile app that filters restaurants based on food type, such as Happy Cow, means that developers should stay focused on it. Knowing that such and such features, UI elements, and API are necessary will help team members collaborate better in order to meet certain expectations. Whether you develop an app under your brand’s banner or outsource coding and design services to would-be clients, briefs can provide you with several benefits:

  • Clarity on what your mobile app project “is” and “isn’t” early in development
  • Point of reference for developers, project leads, and clients throughout the cycle
  • Smart allocation of available time and resources based on objective development criteria
  • Streamlined project data storage for further app updates and iterations

Writing Steps to Create a Good Mobile App Project Brief


1. Establish the “You” Behind the App

Depending on how “open” your project is to the public, you will want to write a detailed section about who the developers are. Elements such as company name, address, project lead, project title, as well as contact information, should be included in this introductory segment. Regardless of whether you build an in-house app or outsource developers to a client, this section is used for easy document storage and access.

#android app #ios app #minimum viable product (mvp) #mobile app development #web development #how do you write a project design #how to write a brief #how to write a project summary #how to write project summary #program brief example #project brief #project brief example #project brief template #project proposal brief #simple project brief template

Deploy your ML model with Flask: Setup and Demo Project

In this article, I am showing you what I feel is a simple, easy setup to begin a flask project and some code to start building in Flask . I am using** Visual Studio Code**  for this project.

Initial Setup

I am creating a virtual environment to develop my project. If you don’t want virtual env, you can go ahead and use the global system space.

By using **venv **in python library we can create a virtual environment. The command python -m venv (name of env) creates a virtual environment with the specified name. Here it is “venv” itself. Now we have to activate the environment with venv\Script\activate command. Once activated we can see our env name in green color as shown. To deactivate we just need to use deactivate command.

Image for post

Upgrade pip and install flaskflask-WTF (module for wtf-forms only if you need it), python-dotenv.

pip install flask flask-wtf python-dotenv

The module python-dotenv enables us to set flask environment variables using a separate file. Create a **.flaskenv set **theFLASK_ENV and FLASK_APP variables as shown. FLASK_ENV indicates the type of environment i.e whether the app is under development or production.FLASK_APP specifies the module from which the flask app starts executing. In other words, the file that is first executed when you hit the flask run command to start the server. We will use the flask run command at the end.


Now we create a requirements.txt file with below command that contains all the modules required for our app to run, so when we want to run our application on a different machine we can use this file and install using below command.

pip freeze > requirements.txt
pip install -r requirements.txt

Next, create the following directory structure as per your application.

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Directory Structure for the demo project.

#python #python-flask #flask #dero-project #project-setup

Iliana  Welch

Iliana Welch


Docker Explained: Docker Architecture | Docker Registries

Following the second video about Docker basics, in this video, I explain Docker architecture and explain the different building blocks of the docker engine; docker client, API, Docker Daemon. I also explain what a docker registry is and I finish the video with a demo explaining and illustrating how to use Docker hub

In this video lesson you will learn:

  • What is Docker Host
  • What is Docker Engine
  • Learn about Docker Architecture
  • Learn about Docker client and Docker Daemon
  • Docker Hub and Registries
  • Simple demo to understand using images from registries

#docker #docker hub #docker host #docker engine #docker architecture #api

Live: Python - Docker e Docker Compose - Projeto Flask extensions

Neste episódio colocamos o serviço #python para rodar com #Docker e Docker compose e o próximo passo será a #api Multistreaming with

#python #docker compose #docker #projeto flask #flask