Angular vs Vue vs React - The Complete Comparison

Angular vs Vue vs React - The Complete Comparison

In this article, we discuss the positives and negatives of React, Angular, and Vue and situations in which each is optimal to use.

Angular vs Vue vs React - The Complete Comparison. In this article, we discuss the positives and negatives of React, Angular, and Vue and situations in which each is optimal to use.

One of the most important questions for any business willing to develop an application is, “which front-end technology (client-side) should we choose?” With so many options for JavaScript frameworks available, your app development team needs to be cautious about their choice.

This article will examine the positives and negatives of React, Angular and Vue and situations in which each is optimal to use.

What Is Angular?

Angular is an open source, frontend web app framework by Google that has a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture and makes development, maintenance, and testing easier for developers. It’s great for building highly active and interactive web applications, but it is most popular for Single page applications.

_Latest Angular release cycle_

Source

You may also like: Angular vs React vs Vue: Which one will be popular in 2020

What Is React?

Introduced by Facebook, React is an open source JavaScript library for building interactive, stateful, and reusable user interfaces (UI). It is good for rendering complex UI with high performances. It also works with the basic fundamental of virtual Document Object Model (DOM) to offer a highly stable web application.

_React Native_ What Is Vue?

Vue is a progressive JavaScript framework for building user interfaces. Vue is designed from the ground up to be incrementally adoptable. It comes with various optional tools for building user interfaces. Vue has a high capability of backing sophisticated Single-Page Applications when used in combination with modern tooling and supporting libraries.

Popularity

Well, if you see the analytics snapshot of Google trends, Angular was very popular until 2016, but from 2017 on, searches for React are steadily growing.

_Popularity by Google search traffic_

The Stackoverflow also shows the popularity of tags. Between “AngularJS,” “ReactJS,” and “VueJS” and popularity of React is clear.

_Popularity by Stack Overflow searches_

With every new update, React, Angular, and Vue come with new features that further offer reliability and stability to the web apps.

Difference Between Angular, React, and Vue

_Differences between Angular, React, and Vue_ Benefits of AngularJS
  • Web applications built on Angular run in any browser environment, regardless of the platform.
  • Two-way, or bidirectional data binding, ensure that data change in the model will reflect in the view immediately, and when data in the view changes, the model is also updated.

_Two-way data binding_
  • The pre-built material design components help in building a highly interactive and easily navigable UI for your mobile/web app.
  • The Angular Command Line Interface ensures easy updates of components from third-party which reduces the time to create apps and deploy the same.
Benefits of React
  • Virtual DOM helps React developers an easily render any changes in the application without affecting the other parts of the interface.
  • React allows users to reuse components. This makes app development easier and more efficient.
  • React uses Redux, which simplifies storing and managing component states in large applications.
  • Unidirectional data binding makes code stable and supports future development as the data flow is directed towards one direction.

Benefits of Vue
  • One of the most significant benefits of Vue is its small size.
  • It comes with detailed documentation.
  • It allows developers to write a template in an HTML file, JavaScript file, and pure JavaScript file, using virtual Node.
  • Its MVVM architecture makes it quite easy to handle HTML blocks.
Finding the Right Framework for You

Performance

Performance is the most important aspect of a frontend application. HTML requires much attention from the developers. Both React and Angular take completely different approaches to update HTML that in turn affect the performance of an application.

However, considering the direct changes in DOM in the browser, Angular is best suited for Single-page applications, where the content is updated occasionally. On the other hand, React can be selected for applications of any size, which needs content update regularly (for example Instagram).

While talking about Vue.js performance, its core library is focused on the view layer only and is easy to pick up & integrate with other libraries or existing applications. Vue.js also comes with virtual DOM delivering high performance and memory allocation.

However, these three frameworks are comparatively faster than other JavaScript frameworks.

Speed of Development

Though modification is easy with both React and Angular, the speed of your application depends on the number of libraries with the functionalities that are available to the developers. React’s architecture is easier to scale than Angular, but developing a web app in Angular is faster than React.

For rendering a relatively complex UI with some user interaction, all three frameworks are a great choice. But, if you are looking for something that you can add to your app instantly, Vue is an excellent choice. Vue makes it easy to go from prototype to product.

Application Size

Angular holds all the necessary parts of a Minimum Viable Product to produce a fully functional Single-page application. If you want to regulate the size of your app and keep it small and compact, then Angular is the best choice.

On the other hand, React is a great choice for applications that you desire to expand in the future across multiple operating systems.

Vue's core library is created to be focused and flexible. As a result, Vue is great for applications of any size: single-file components, highly modular component interface, platform options with Vue CLI3, etc. So, if you are using it for a moderately complex single page or larger-scale app that includes navigation between multiple pages, it will work well.

Some popular examples of these JS frameworks

Conclusion

While React gives you flexibility and simplicity, Angular is a comprehensive framework. But that doesn’t help a lot when developers don’t need most of the features that Angular provides. Due to Reactjs’s implementation with a virtual DOM, it guarantees better performances than Angular.

Being a progressive framework, Vue can be combined into an existing project. It comes with a vast set of tools and companion libraries that allow the framework to respond to the complex needs of enterprise-grade applications. Also, with Vue CLI 3 and Vue UI, it is great for quickly delivering MVPs. Vue is also a cost-effective solution for small and medium applications.

Thank you for reading ! Please share if you liked it!

Angular vs. React: Rendering an Array

Angular vs. React: Rendering an Array

How Angular and React differ in rendering an Array. A comparison of methods rendering an Array. We often need to render an array in the UI. Angular does this by using *ngFor — an HTML construct. React does this by using map() — a JS method. That's about it for rendering arrays in Angular and React.

Scenarios Where You Need to Render an Array

No rocket science behind this — scenarios to render an array are commonplace. The array to render could be an array of heroes (see the mighty Heroes example). It could be an array of items to buy or chores to complete. Or a menu to render based on an array of options. Or maybe you are working for an insurance company and you have an array of plans to render. Perhaps you are creating an e-commerce website and you have items to render based on an array returned by a search operation. Arrays everywhere!

Angular’s Way: *ngFor

Angular uses a special HTML construct: *ngFor

Code


The array to render — TS file

Angular uses *ngfor to render an array — HTML file

Code explained

Line 6 sets up the *ngFor loop. It takes the first item of the plans array and renders lines 7 and 8 (in fact, any number of lines in between the tags where *ngFor is used — ul here) for it.

Step one is then repeated for each item in the array.

React’s Way: map()

React makes use of the JS map method for this purpose. What map() essentially does is to map (or transform) each element of the original array to the elements of a new array.

The essence of mapping operation

In other words, the map() transforms each item of the original array into elements of a new array.

Code


The array to render — JS file


Use of map to render an array in React

Code explained

Step 1. In effect, map() takes the first element of the plans array and puts it in the plan variable in line 48.

Step 2. It then creates a new array with the latter’s elements being:

  • {{plan.name}} — ${{plan.premiumInDollars}}
  • Validity in years: {{plan.validityInYears}}

    Thereafter, map() repeats steps 1. and 2. for each element of the original array.

    map() in action

    Edit: We need keys too while rendering an Array in React. See my piece on React keys here.

    Full Examples Angular

    https://stackblitz.com/edit/angular-ngfor-sample-example?embed=1&file=src/app/app.component.ts

    React

    https://stackblitz.com/edit/react-map-example?embed=1&file=index.js

    Summary

    We often need to render an array in the UI.

    Angular does this by using *ngFor — an HTML construct.

    React does this by using map() — a JS method.

    That’s about it for rendering arrays in Angular and React.

    Happy coding!

    Originally published by Aanchal Kapoor at https://medium.com

    React, Angular and Vue Which is better for 2020?

    React, Angular and Vue Which is better for 2020?

    Stats on Top JS Frameworks: React, Angular & Vue ... of JS framework Angular, React and Vue’s GitHub repositories over time

    GitHub stars are one of the ways some people decide to trust and use an open-source project, or some people easily compare or judge the project based on the number of stars a repository has. Making decisions based on GitHub stars is not a clever idea, and you should put your requirements, frameworks features and architecture first.

    None of these frameworks or libraries are “bad”, and we should be always aware that many experts put countless hours of their time to develop these projects. So, If you’re fanatic of a specific framework, let your guard down for some minutes, just relax and continue in peace.

    We all are working towards the same goal, all these framework authors are trying to provide you with something that helps you to build web apps as efficiently as possible — Evan You (creator of Vue.js)

    What is this post about precisely?

    This post is not a comparison between these three web frameworks, because most of the time comparisons happen by people who want to advertise their preferred frameworks, or by people who do not really have the knowledge of creating a framework, so they can’t see different aspects of those frameworks.

    This post is simply a statistical look over Angular, React and Vue, and their movements over the years of their activity. Here is what we’re going to learn:

    1. Angular, React and Vue’s GitHub repositories over time
    2. Stackoverflow question/answers
    3. Job Statistics
    4. Conclusion

    So, let’s get started

    Angular, React and Vue’s GitHub repositories over time

    291,934 unique GitHub users starred at least one of Angular, React, Vue and Angular.js repositories, and it took me around two weeks to crawl all of these user pages for statistical and demographical purposes. So, what can we learn from these collected data?

    What are these repositories averages?

    The table below shows the average of some GitHub main metrics. As you can see, there is a short gap between each of these average. I’m just trying to provide information and I’ll not interpret anything.

    In order to better understand the growth rates of these repositories over the last few years, I have prepared their star count over time in the following chart.

    Common starers

    The diagram and table below show the number of users who starred more than one repositories, and as you can see React and Vue has more starers in common, and Angular has almost the same number of common user between React and Vue.

    Git commits per time

    The number of commits is a good way to know how actively the project is being developed.

    The underneath bar chart race shows the number of commits over time. Unlike Vue, The Angular and React contributors commit a lot to their repositories.

    Number of commits per time

    Here is another chart of the same data:

    Number of contributors

    The number of contributors is one of the things that makes a repository stronger because there are more people who know how to develop and improve the framework or library, and they can simply push the project forward, and that means there is a greater opportunity to discover and fix more bugs and issues and enhance them quicker. In fact, it’s also good for the community because more participants can address specific questions from programmers, and it can also be a sign of the main contributors‘ openness.

    Stackoverflow question/answers

    There is no doubt that in the past few years Stackoverflow was one of the several important and powerful platforms that developers use to learn and solve their coding problems. The number of questions asked on Stackoverflow represents the number of people who are using or learning a particular technology. I used StackExchange data explorer and wrote an SQL query to fetch each tag’s count grouped by year and month. The following charts show the number of asked questions by each tag over time.

    Number of asked questions on Stackoverflow over time

    Job Statistics

    The job market shows what technologies are companies using. Software engineers and engineering managers usually compare frameworks or libraries in order to choose which suits their needs. Also, one thing they mind about is how easy it is to find a developer who is skilled in that particular platform. Therefore, the more popular the framework or library, the more potential it has to be selected.

    Conclusion

    This was a short article just to look over these good and popular web frameworks from different angles.

    Unfortunately, there are software engineers who compare frameworks or libraries only by their GitHub stars and not by their architecture and features. Even though I believe almost none of these statistical numbers are valuable when it goes to a real-life project.

    The only wish I have is to be even a little effective to end the war between frameworks and to convince people who fight over their favorite tools, and just tell them “other frameworks are not poor or bad at all. They all are doing very well”.

    Learning is wonderful and enjoyable, just pick a new framework and try to use it in your side project, or just use your favorite framework, and don’t let those numbers disappoint you.

    Vuejs is Good ! But Is It Better Than Angular or React?

    Vuejs is Good ! But Is It Better Than Angular or React?

    You already know that Vue.js is one of the top JavaScript frameworks and it is replacing Angular and React in many cases. This brings in the topic of this blog ‘Vue.js is good, but is it better than Angular or React?’

    You already know that Vue.js is one of the top JavaScript frameworks and it is replacing Angular and React in many cases. This brings in the topic of this blog Vue.js** is good, but is it better than Angular or React?’ **

    In case you’ve never heard or used Vue.js before, you are probably thinking: Come on! yet another JavaScript framework! We get it. However, Vue.js is not new in the custom software development domain. It was first released in 2013 and now it has 130549 starts on Github and downloaded a number of times this year. Here, have a look at the images

    Hence, neither Vue.js is new nor less popular from other frameworks as per it’s lifetime. Now let’s see what are the winning factors present in Vue.js.

    Why is Vue.js special? Vuejs vs React js

    The greatest benefit of Vue in the war of vue vs angular is it’s absence of pedigree. It is fresh and has little baggage. It has been learning from the mistakes and successes of React & Angular. The way we see it, Vue is lightweight & easy to learn.

    It has got some fairly basic docs but they do a good job, and while there isn’t a great deal to learn compared to angular – this is a good thing as it’s deceptively powerful. PageKit, Python China are two of of the projects using Vue among many. Here’s the list. Also, it has two-way data binding facility like Angular and Virtual DOM like React. Vuejs

    Now, we hope your basic concept about Vue.js is quite clear. Hence, before we start discussing React vs Vue vs Angular, let us check their current position:

    Now let’s compare it with Angular and React. We will start with Angular-

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    While comparing vue vs angular, let us first declare that Angular (mostly after the release of Angular 2!!) is a mammoth and Vue.js is the tiger hungry enough to become big soon. However, there are many reasons for which developers are switching to Vue. Evan You, the owner of Vue describes the reason rightly

    Vue.js is a more flexible, less opinionated solution ( than Angular ). That allows you to structure your app the way you want it to be, instead of being forced to do everything the Angular way. It’s only an interface layer so you can use it as a light feature in pages instead of a full blown SPA.
    Now lets see few codes which will give you some basic insights for the war of vue vs angular(credits: fadeit.dk)

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    The bottom line of Vue.js vs Angularjs: There are many tools in Angularjs and so many complex syntax that it can confuse you sometimes. On the other hand, Vue.js is much simpler than Angular and sometimes even better. If you are concerned about the future of this framework, we suggest not to be. This is going to stay for long and no way to fade in the upcoming two years. However, you can consult or hire angularjs developer that is also a great idea to clear all your doubts.

    Reactjs vs Vue.js vs Reactjs React vs vue

    React and Vue.js has some similar features in the war of vue vs angular. They are:

    1. Utilize a virtual DOM

    2. Provide reactive & compose-able view components.

    3. Keep focus in the core library, with concerns like routing and global state management handled by companion libraries.

    This states that React and Vue.js are quite similar feature-wise for a technology consulting company. Hence, we would like to compare these two frameworks from a developer’s perspective with a few simple how-tos for each framework. Let’s see what happens in this Vue js vs Reactjs comparison:

    Hello World:

    How React Does it:

    How Vue Does it:

    This is simple. With a single script tag you’re up and running. The benefit here is that to take advantage of Vue features, without learning any new technologies.

    Two way Data Binding

    How React Does it:

    How Vue does it:

    Two way binding in Vue.js is quite simple when you use v-model. In React its a long way down.

    Iteration

    How React Does it:

    How Vue does it:

    In this case also, Vue wins with less lines and simplified codes.

    Bottom line of Vue.js vs Reactjs: What these examples mean is that Vue.js is easy to learn and can be immediately productive. It also provides a path to simplicity with new tools and patterns for managing large codebases. Vue.js can scale up with your knowledge so that you can start to learn the updated tools and best practices.

    Angularjs vs Vue.js vs Reactjs Table

    Here is a table that would provide you a few valuable information about these three frameworks –

    The bottom line:

    In today’s time Vue is not as much popular as React (maintained by Facebook) or Angular (supported by Google). However, many developers are switching to Vue. Laravel community has also considered it as one of their preferred front-end frameworks.

    Overall, Vue provides an answer to the issue of React & Angular and gives you much simpler and easier way to code.
    Thanks for reading. If you liked this post, share it with all of your programming buddies!

    This post was originally published here