Dexter  Goodwin

Dexter Goodwin

1621254840

Overview of JavaScript Form Widgets

In this article, we review UI widgets that help developers to create web forms of any complexity much faster.

A web form is probably the main communication channel between a user and a web application. It commonly serves for gathering important information from end-users that can trigger updates on the client-side or be stored in the database on the server-side. Poorly designed or confusing forms can cause a lot of inconvenience to end-users and application owners. Therefore, it is necessary to pay serious attention to the proper implementation of forms and their features such as labels, notifications, validation rules, etc.

The task of integrating forms like any other interface elements into web apps can be significantly simplified by utilizing JavaScript UI libraries. Such tools are very popular among programmers, as they help to accelerate the development process and reduce the number of errors in the codebase.

In this article, we will consider form widgets and form-related controls included in popular UI libraries.

DHTMLX Form

DHTMLX Suite provides a range of widgets for seamlessly adding feature-packed UI components to any web project. The list of available solutions includes a cross-browser  JavaScript/HTML5 Form. It enables you to use 14 various form controls and group them in the desired way for building forms of any complexity. Apart from standard elements (input fields, checkboxes, action buttons, etc.), your form can contain a file uploader, slider, datepicker, and other useful controls from the Suite package. Predefined validation rules and notification messages ensure that users submit only valid data. Notification messages help to avoid any misconceptions during the form completion. If necessary, you can also disable any form options or hide them.

DHTMLX online exam system demo

A rich API of DHTMLX Form allows you to customize forms in accordance with your project requirements. For instance, textual data in form labels can be displayed in various languages to be understood by users from different countries. Any styling adjustments are performed via CSS. The initialization process of this widget takes just a few simple  steps.

Compatible with:  Angular,  React,  Vue.js

Useful resources:  documentation,  samples

#javascript #web development #javascript libraries #widgets

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Overview of JavaScript Form Widgets

How to Create a Client-Side Form Validation using JavaScript

In this video, we will create a client-side form validation using JavaScript. I'll only use Vanilla JavaScript and no external 3rd party dependencies. The aim is to help beginners to do form validation and understand how the whole process works.

Timestamps:
00:00 Intro
00:26 HTML
03:33 CSS
05:35 Javascript

Source code: https://codepen.io/javascriptacademy-stash/pen/oNeNMNR


 HTML

Let's start with the HTML markup. We'll have a container div, that we'll use to position and style our form. Inside that, not surprisingly, we'll create a form, we also set an id for it, and set the action to / since we don't really want to submit this form.

We'll create four input fields, for the username, email, password, and password confirmation. For styling and control purposes we'll wrap these input tags into divs with the class input control. Each of these input controls will contain a label, an input, and a div with the class error. Every input should have an id and name attribute. The label's should have a matching for property with the corresponding input tag's name attribute. For the input type we will use text for the username and email, and use password for the password and the password confirmation. The div with the error class will hold the error messages for the specific input field. It will be empty for now, we will modify it from javascript.

Lastly, we have to add a button to "submit" our form. In this example we won't really submit the form just simulate it. For the submit button I'll use a button with a type of submit.

<div class="container">
        <form id="form" action="/">
            <h1>Registration</h1>
            <div class="input-control">
                <label for="username">Username</label>
                <input id="username" name="username" type="text">
                <div class="error"></div>
            </div>
            <div class="input-control">
                <label for="email">Email</label>
                <input id="email" name="email" type="text">
                <div class="error"></div>
            </div>
            <div class="input-control">
                <label for="password">Password</label>
                <input id="password"name="password" type="password">
                <div class="error"></div>
            </div>
            <div class="input-control">
                <label for="password2">Password again</label>
                <input id="password2"name="password2" type="password">
                <div class="error"></div>
            </div>
            <button type="submit">Sign Up</button>
        </form>
    </div>

That is the HTML markup that we need for our form. Let's style it a bit with CSS.

CSS

We'll give a simple clean spacious design for this tutorial. I'll set a linear gradient as the background and I'll use a custom google font, that you can install from here.

body {
    background: linear-gradient(to right, #0f2027, #203a43, #2c5364);
    font-family: 'Poppins', sans-serif;
}

We'll give a fix width to our form, and center it with margins, also I'll give it a top margin to move it down a bit vertically. To have more space we apply 20px of padding. We'll set a fixed font size, a light background color and also set a border radius to have rounded corners.

#form {
    width: 300px;
    margin: 20vh auto 0 auto;
    padding: 20px;
    background-color: whitesmoke;
    border-radius: 4px;
    font-size: 12px;
}

For the form title, we'll use a dark text color, and center it horizontally using text-align: center. The submit button should stand out so we'll use a blue background color, and white text color. We also remove the browser default borders and give it a little border-radius. We'll give it a little spacing with paddings and margins, and make it full-width by applying 100% width.

#form h1 {
    color: #0f2027;
    text-align: center;
}

#form button {
    padding: 10px;
    margin-top: 10px;
    width: 100%;
    color: white;
    background-color: rgb(41, 57, 194);
    border: none;
    border-radius: 4px;
}

To have the inputs stacked below each other we'll use flexbox. To do that we'll set display: flex; and flex-direction: column. For the inputs we'll set a grey border, with a little border-radius. We'll set the display property to block, and make them full-width, by applying width 100%. We'll also set a little padding, so it'll be more spacious. I'll also remove the outline when the input is in focus, by setting outline: 0.

.input-control {
    display: flex;
    flex-direction: column;
}

.input-control input {
    border: 2px solid #f0f0f0;
    border-radius: 4px;
    display: block;
    font-size: 12px;
    padding: 10px;
    width: 100%;
}

.input-control input:focus {
    outline: 0;
}

We'll use two classes ("success" and "error") to give visual feedback to the user on whether the input's value is valid or not. We'll apply these classes from javascript to the input-control div which contains the specific input field. When the success class is present we will set a green border color, otherwise if error is present we'll use a red border color instead. For the error div we'll use a smaller font-size and a red color to show the error messages.

.input-control.success input {
    border-color: #09c372;
}

.input-control.error input {
    border-color: #ff3860;
}

.input-control .error {
    color: #ff3860;
    font-size: 9px;
    height: 13px;
}

Let's do the validation in javascript next!

Javascript

The first thing we have to do is to save references for the form, and the input fields. As we gave id for every input and the form we can easily to do by using getElementById.

const form = document.getElementById('form');
const username = document.getElementById('username');
const email = document.getElementById('email');
const password = document.getElementById('password');
const password2 = document.getElementById('password2');

To prevent the form for automatically submit we have to attach and event listener to our form's submit event. In this event handler function we have to call preventDefault() function to prevent the form from submitting automatically. Instead of submitting we'll call the validateInputs function, which will validate the inputs and if we want to we can submit the form in there after every check passes, but we won't do that in this tutorial. We'll create this validateInputs shortly.

form.addEventListener('submit', e => {
    e.preventDefault();

    validateInputs();
});

We'll also create two helper functions: setErrorsetSuccess. We'll use these helper functions to set the error or success states of the input controls. Let's start with the setError one. It receives two parameters: element, and message. The element will be the input element that is in the specific input-control. So first we have to get the input control parent div. We'll save it into the inputControl variable, and get the input control div by using the parent property of the input element. Next we have to gather the error div, and save it into a variable. We can do that by querying the input control with the error class.
Now we have to set the error div's innerText to be the message that we got in parameters, and remove the success class from the input control (if it exists) and add the error class.

const setError = (element, message) => {
    const inputControl = element.parentElement;
    const errorDisplay = inputControl.querySelector('.error');

    errorDisplay.innerText = message;
    inputControl.classList.add('error');
    inputControl.classList.remove('success')
}

The setSuccess method will be really similar. The first difference is that it won't receive a message as a parameter. We have to clear the error display by setting its innerText to an empty string. Lastly we have to reverse the class application. We'll add the success class to the inputControl and remove the error class (if present).

const setSuccess = element => {
    const inputControl = element.parentElement;
    const errorDisplay = inputControl.querySelector('.error');

    errorDisplay.innerText = '';
    inputControl.classList.add('success');
    inputControl.classList.remove('error');
};

We will create one last helper function to validate emails. This is an optional step, if you don't want to use regular expressions, feel free to just set the input type of the email field to email. The isValidEmail function will take a string as a parameter and use this weird looking regular expression to check whether it is a valid email or not. We'll use String.test() function to test the string against the regex. We'll also convert the email to a string and make it lowercase.

const isValidEmail = email => {
    const re = /^(([^<>()[\]\\.,;:\s@"]+(\.[^<>()[\]\\.,;:\s@"]+)*)|(".+"))@((\[[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\])|(([a-zA-Z\-0-9]+\.)+[a-zA-Z]{2,}))$/;
    return re.test(String(email).toLowerCase());
}

Now we should create the validator validateInputs function. First we will get the value of all the input fields. We can do that by getting the value property's value of the input field references. We'll call the String.trim() function to remove the trailing empty spaces (if any) from the start and end of the values.
Then we can start validating inputs. We'll use if, else statements to do the validation. For the username we will check whether if it is empty or not, by comparing the value with an empty string. If it empty, we'll call the setError function and provide the username element to it, with our error message. Otherwise we'll call the setSuccess method with the username element. Now we have to do this for the other input fields, but the approach will be the same.

const validateInputs = () => {
    const usernameValue = username.value.trim();
    const emailValue = email.value.trim();
    const passwordValue = password.value.trim();
    const password2Value = password2.value.trim();

    if(usernameValue === '') {
        setError(username, 'Username is required');
    } else {
        setSuccess(username);
    }
};

For the email we'll check if it is provided or not, and set an error if it is empty. If it is not empty we'll check whether it is a valid email address, and if not we'll set an error, otherwise we set success for the field.

if(emailValue === '') {
        setError(email, 'Email is required');
    } else if (!isValidEmail(emailValue)) {
        setError(email, 'Provide a valid email address');
    } else {
        setSuccess(email);
    }
}

For the password we'll check whether it is empty or not, and if it is not empty we'll check if it is longer than 7 characters. If not, well set an error, otherwise we'll set it as success.

if(passwordValue === '') {
        setError(password, 'Password is required');
    } else if (passwordValue.length < 8 ) {
        setError(password, 'Password must be at least 8 character.')
    } else {
        setSuccess(password);
    }
}

For the password confirmation we'll check if it is empty, and we should also check if the password confirmation's value is equal to the password's value.

if(password2Value === '') {
        setError(password2, 'Please confirm your password');
    } else if (password2Value !== passwordValue) {
        setError(password2, "Passwords doesn't match");
    } else {
        setSuccess(password2);
    }
}

Now we have every input validated, if we wanted to we could submit our form now to a specific endpoint.

Good job now you have a working form validation Javascript. Please note that you always have to validate the form inputs on the server-side as client-side validation can be easily bypassed. There are way more advanced form validation methods and libraries that we use in modern web development, but this project is a really good way to start and learn the fundamentals.

#javascript

Dexter  Goodwin

Dexter Goodwin

1621254840

Overview of JavaScript Form Widgets

In this article, we review UI widgets that help developers to create web forms of any complexity much faster.

A web form is probably the main communication channel between a user and a web application. It commonly serves for gathering important information from end-users that can trigger updates on the client-side or be stored in the database on the server-side. Poorly designed or confusing forms can cause a lot of inconvenience to end-users and application owners. Therefore, it is necessary to pay serious attention to the proper implementation of forms and their features such as labels, notifications, validation rules, etc.

The task of integrating forms like any other interface elements into web apps can be significantly simplified by utilizing JavaScript UI libraries. Such tools are very popular among programmers, as they help to accelerate the development process and reduce the number of errors in the codebase.

In this article, we will consider form widgets and form-related controls included in popular UI libraries.

DHTMLX Form

DHTMLX Suite provides a range of widgets for seamlessly adding feature-packed UI components to any web project. The list of available solutions includes a cross-browser  JavaScript/HTML5 Form. It enables you to use 14 various form controls and group them in the desired way for building forms of any complexity. Apart from standard elements (input fields, checkboxes, action buttons, etc.), your form can contain a file uploader, slider, datepicker, and other useful controls from the Suite package. Predefined validation rules and notification messages ensure that users submit only valid data. Notification messages help to avoid any misconceptions during the form completion. If necessary, you can also disable any form options or hide them.

DHTMLX online exam system demo

A rich API of DHTMLX Form allows you to customize forms in accordance with your project requirements. For instance, textual data in form labels can be displayed in various languages to be understood by users from different countries. Any styling adjustments are performed via CSS. The initialization process of this widget takes just a few simple  steps.

Compatible with:  Angular,  React,  Vue.js

Useful resources:  documentation,  samples

#javascript #web development #javascript libraries #widgets

Rahul Jangid

1622207074

What is JavaScript - Stackfindover - Blog

Who invented JavaScript, how it works, as we have given information about Programming language in our previous article ( What is PHP ), but today we will talk about what is JavaScript, why JavaScript is used The Answers to all such questions and much other information about JavaScript, you are going to get here today. Hope this information will work for you.

Who invented JavaScript?

JavaScript language was invented by Brendan Eich in 1995. JavaScript is inspired by Java Programming Language. The first name of JavaScript was Mocha which was named by Marc Andreessen, Marc Andreessen is the founder of Netscape and in the same year Mocha was renamed LiveScript, and later in December 1995, it was renamed JavaScript which is still in trend.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a client-side scripting language used with HTML (Hypertext Markup Language). JavaScript is an Interpreted / Oriented language called JS in programming language JavaScript code can be run on any normal web browser. To run the code of JavaScript, we have to enable JavaScript of Web Browser. But some web browsers already have JavaScript enabled.

Today almost all websites are using it as web technology, mind is that there is maximum scope in JavaScript in the coming time, so if you want to become a programmer, then you can be very beneficial to learn JavaScript.

JavaScript Hello World Program

In JavaScript, ‘document.write‘ is used to represent a string on a browser.

<script type="text/javascript">
	document.write("Hello World!");
</script>

How to comment JavaScript code?

  • For single line comment in JavaScript we have to use // (double slashes)
  • For multiple line comments we have to use / * – – * /
<script type="text/javascript">

//single line comment

/* document.write("Hello"); */

</script>

Advantages and Disadvantages of JavaScript

#javascript #javascript code #javascript hello world #what is javascript #who invented javascript

Hire Dedicated JavaScript Developers -Hire JavaScript Developers

It is said that a digital resource a business has must be interactive in nature, so the website or the business app should be interactive. How do you make the app interactive? With the use of JavaScript.

Does your business need an interactive website or app?

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#hire dedicated javascript developers #hire javascript developers #top javascript developers for hire #hire javascript developer #hire a freelancer for javascript developer #hire the best javascript developers

Niraj Kafle

1589255577

The essential JavaScript concepts that you should understand

As a JavaScript developer of any level, you need to understand its foundational concepts and some of the new ideas that help us developing code. In this article, we are going to review 16 basic concepts. So without further ado, let’s get to it.

#javascript-interview #javascript-development #javascript-fundamental #javascript #javascript-tips