Small Utility Library for Deno Containing Functions

Small Utility Library for Deno Containing Functions

Small utility library for Deno containing functions, monads and other fun stuff.

denofun

Small utility library for Deno containing functions, monads and other fun stuff.

Roadmap

⚠️ WATCH OUT!

Denofun, like Deno itself, is still under heavy development. Semver will likely NOT be strictly enforced until v1.0.0. Denofun v1.0.0 will NOT be released until Deno v1.0.0 is released. In the meantime Denofun will try to stabilize, crush bugs and become as mature as possible. Until v1.0.0 treat this library as a curiosity. While early adopters and contributors are welcome, be wary if you want to use it somewhere you care about. For now.

Goals

  • provide a good replacement for libraries like Ramda or Lodash with "native" Deno feel
  • provide basic monads (Either, Maybe/Option)
  • good, out-of-the-box typings

Documentation

Thanks to how Deno works, it's easy to start using this library.

import compose from "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/galkowskit/denofun/master/compose.ts";

Denofun is also present in deno.land so you can use it for easier links.

import compose from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/compose.ts";

You can AND SHOULD target specific versions or branches.

import compose from "https://deno.land/x/[email protected]/compose.ts";

Or if you find yourself needing the transpiled JavaScript version:

import compose from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/compose.ts?js";

compose

compose takes a list of functions and does right-to-left function composition.

import compose from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/compose.ts";

function greet(name: string) {
  return `hello, ${name}!`;
}

function makeLoud(x) {
  return x.toUpperCase();
}

const greetLoudly = compose(makeLoud, greet);

greetLoudly("world"); // => HELLO, WORLD!

concat

concat adds two arrays or strings together.

import concat from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/concat.ts";

concat("hello", "world"); // => "helloworld"
concat([1, 2, 3], [3, 4, 5]); // => [1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5]

curry

curry returns a curried version of the provided n-arity function, it will return new 1-arity functions until all arguments are supplied.

import curry from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/curry.ts";

const greet = (name: string, age: number) =>
  `hello, I'm ${name} and I'm ${age} years old`;
greet("Tomasz", 26); // => hello, I'm Tomasz and I'm 26 years old

const curriedGreet = curry(greet);
curriedGreet("Tomasz")(26); // => hello, I'm Tomasz and I'm 26 years old

// ===

const cars = [
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" },
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Stelvio" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Mustang" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Focus" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Mirai" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Yaris" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Supra" },
];

const filterCarsByMake = curry((make: string, car) => car.make === make);
const filterAlfas = filterCarsByMake("Alfa Romeo");
cars.filter(filterAlfas); // => [ { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" }, { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Stelvio" } ]

Either

Either is an interface that wraps values or Errors and can be used to:

  • handle error cases without throwing and catching errors
  • provide an alternative to Union types with runtime type safety and no need for typeguards
import { Either } from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either.ts";

function handleUnion(stringOrNumber: Either<string, number>): number {
    const value = stringOrNumber
        .map((s: string) => s.toUpperCase()) // .map() applies the function to the left value, Either is a Functor
        .left.map((s: string) => s.toLowerCase()) // but you can also use the .left shorthand for more clarity
        .right.map((n: number) => n + 1) // .right will provide a way to apply functions to the right value
        .flatMap((s) => { // Either is also a Monad, .flatMap() is also available on .left and .right
            const n = parseFloat(s);
            if (n) {
                return right(n);
            } else {
                return left(s);
            }
        });
    value.get() // => string | number
    value.coerce(parseFloat) // => number (possibly NaN), also available on .left and .right

    return value.mapEither(parseFloat, (n) => 1 / n) // => number (possibly NaN)
}

function handleError(stringOrError: Either<string, Error>): string {
    const safeString: string = stringOrError.catch((err) => err.message);
    const value: string = stringOrError.try(); // will either throw the error or return the left value
    const errorValue: stringOrError.right.try(); // will either throw a string or return an error as a value

    return safeString;
}

either.error

either.error wraps a value in the Either interface as a right value. JSON.stringify() will throw the value (ideally an Error)

import either from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either.ts";
// import error from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either/error.ts"; // is also available

const numberOrError = either.error<number, Error>(new Error("message"));
numberOrError.get(); // returns the error without throwing it
numberOrError.try(); // throws the error
numberOrError.right.try(); // returns the error with strict static typing
JSON.stringify(rightString); // throws the Error

either.jsonError

either.jsonError wraps a value in the Either interface as a right value. JSON.stringify() will serialize it with its name, message, and stack trace, if available.

import either from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either.ts";
// import jsonError from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either/jsonError.ts"; // is also available

const numberOrError = either.jsonError<number, Error>(new Error("message"));
numberOrError.get(); // returns the error without throwing it
numberOrError.try(); // throws the error
numberOrError.right.try(); // returns the error with strict static typing
JSON.stringify(rightString); // => {"name": "Error", "message": "message", "stack": "..."};

either.left

either.left wraps a value in the Either interface as a left value;

import either from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either.ts";
// import left from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either/left.ts"; // is also available

const left12 = either.left<number, string>(12);
left12.get(); // => 12 with string | number union type, but no runtime error
left12.try(); // => 12 with strict static typing but potentially a runtime error (not in this case)
left12.right.try(); // throws 12

either.partition

either.partition partitions an array of Either<Left, Right> in a tuple or Left[] and Right[].

import { Either } from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either.ts";
import partition from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either/partition.ts";

const eitherValues: Array<Either<number, string>> = [
  left(1),
  left(3),
  right("hello"),
  left(0.5),
  right("0.5"),
  right("one"),
  left(NaN),
];
const [leftValues, rightValues]: [number[], string[]] = partition(eitherValues);

leftValues; // => [1, 3, 0.5, NaN]
rightValues; // => ["hello", "0.5", "one"]

leftValues.length + rightValues.length === 7; // => true

either.right

either.right wraps a value in the Either interface as a right value.

import either from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either.ts";
// import right from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either/right.ts"; // is also available

const rightString = either.right<number, string>("hello");
rightString.get(); // "hello" with string | number union type, but no runtime error
rightString.try(); // throws "hello"
rightString.right.try(); // returns "hello" with strict static typing

either.tryCatch

either.tryCatch calls its callback argument immediately and handles any synchronous errors by returning an Either<Type, Error>.

import { Either } from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either.ts";
import tryCatch from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either/tryCatch.ts";

const numberOrError: Either<number, Error> = tryCatch(() => {
  throw new Error("message");
});

numberOrError.get(); // returns the error as a value
numberOrError
  .map((n) => n + 1) // no-op
  .try(); // throws the error

either.tryCatchAsync

either.tryCatchAsync calls its callback argument immediately and handles all synchronous and asynchronous errors by returning a Promise<Either<Type, Error>>.

import { Either } from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either.ts";
import { tryCatchAsync } from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/either/try_catch.ts";

setTimeout(async () => {
  const numberOrError: Either<number, Error> = await tryCatchAsync(() =>
    Promise.reject(new Error("message"))
  );

  numberOrError.get(); // returns the error as a value
  numberOrError
    .map((n) => n + 1) // no-op
    .try(); // throws the error
}, 1);

equals

equals checks if two values are equal, warning: for non-primitives uses JSON parsing (for now).

import equals from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/equals.ts";

equals(1, 1); // => true
equals(1, 2); // => false
equals([1, 2, 3], [1, 2, 3]); // => true
equals([1, 2, 3], [2, 1, 3]); // => false
equals(
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" },
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" }
); // => true

filter

filter runs filter function on every element of array and returns a new array with only those elements for which filter function returned true.

import filter from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/filter.ts";

const cars = [
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" },
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Stelvio" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Mustang" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Focus" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Mirai" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Yaris" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Supra" },
];

filter((car) => car.make === "Ford", cars); // => [ { make: "Ford", model: "Mustang" }, { make: "Ford", model: "Focus" } ]

find

find looks up first element of an array that matches the function passed.

import find from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/find.ts";

const cars = [
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" },
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Stelvio" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Mustang" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Focus" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Mirai" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Yaris" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Supra" },
];

function findToyota(car) {
  return car.make === "Toyota";
}

find(findToyota, cars); // => { make: "Toyota", model: "Mirai" }

flatten

flatten takes an array of elements and flattens it by one level.

import flatten from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/find.ts";

flatten([
  [1, 2, 3],
  [4, 5, 6],
]); // => [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
flatten([[1, [2, 3], [4, [5, [6]]]]]); // => [1, 2, 3, 4, [5, [6]]]
flatten([]); // => []

groupBy

groupBy accepts a selector function and a list of elements, the elements will be grouped by the return value of the selector function.

import groupBy from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/group_by.ts";

const cars = [
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" },
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Stelvio" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Mustang" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Focus" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Mirai" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Yaris" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Supra" },
];

groupBy((car) => car.name, cars); // => { "Alfa Romeo": [ { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" }, { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Stelvio" } ], "Ford": [ { make: "Ford", model: "Mustang" }, { make: "Ford", model: "Focus" }, ], "Toyota": [ { make: "Toyota", model: "Mirai" }, { make: "Toyota", model: "Yaris" }, { make: "Toyota", model: "Supra" } ] }
groupBy((x) => x.length, ["a", "bb", "bb", "ccc"]); // => { 1: ["a"], 2: ["bb", "bb"], 3: ["ccc"] }

has

has checks if a key exists inside an object (does NOT check the prototype's keys!).

import has from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/has.ts";

const car = { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" };
has("make", car); // => true

head

head returns the first element of an array or a string.

import head from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/head.ts";

const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
head(numbers); // => 1

// ===

head("hello world!"); // => "h"

identity

identity returns the provided element, otherwise does nothing.

import identity from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/identity.ts";

const x = 5;
identity(x); // => 5

includes

includes checks if an element exists in a string or array (including objects).

import includes from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/includes.ts";

includes(1, [1, 2, 3]); // => true
includes("hel", "hello world"); // => true
includes({ make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" }, [
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Mustang" },
]); // => true

keys

keys returns key names from a provided object.

import keys from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/keys.ts";

const car = { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" };
keys(car); // => ["make", "model"]

last

last accepts a list of items (or a string) and returns the last element (or character).

import last from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/last.ts";

last([1, "test", 3]); // => 3
last("hello world!"); // => "!"

lens

lens lens returns a special lens object that can be used as a function setter/getter.

import lens from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/lens.ts";

const car = Object.freeze({
  make: "Toyota",
  model: "GT86",
});

const getCarModel = (data: { make: string, model: string }) => data.model;
const setCarModel = (data: { make: string, model: string }, value: string) => ({ ...data, model: value });

const carModelLens = lens(getCarModel, setCarModel); // => Lens<Car, string>

map

map applies a function to each element of the array, returns the array of results.

import map from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/map.ts";

const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
map((n) => n * 2, numbers); // => [2, 4, 6, 8, 10]

maybe

maybe wraps a potentially null or undefined value in a Maybe type which provides the map, flatMap, filter, and mapMaybe methods

import maybe from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/maybe.ts";

const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
const maybeNumber = maybe(numbers.find((n) => n > 2));
maybeNumber.get(); // => 3
maybeNumber.map((n) => n + 1).get(); // => 4
maybeNumber.flatMap((n) => (n !== 3 ? maybe(1 / (n - 3)) : maybe())).get(); // => undefined

memoize

memoize returns a function that remembers the result of a function with a given parameters so it can cache the previous results.

import memoize from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/memoize.ts";

const double = (n) => n * 2;
const memoizedDouble = memoize(double);

memoizedDouble(2); // => 4 (calculated)
memoizedDouble(2); // => 4 (cached)

nth

nth returns element under given index, if negative index is provided element at (length + index) is returned.

import nth from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/nth.ts";

nth(2, [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]); // => 3
nth(4, "hello world!"); // => "o"

omit

omit returns a copy of an object but without specified keys.

import omit from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/omit.ts";

const car = { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" };
omit(["make"], car); // => { model: "Giulia" }

partition

partition runs predicate on every element of input array and returns a tuple of two arrays: one where predicate returns true, one where predicate returns false.

import partition from "https://deno.land/x/partition/partition.ts";
partition((x) => x % 3 === 0, [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]); // => [[0, 3, 6, 9], [1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8]]

pick

pick returns a copy of an object with only the keys selected

import pick from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/pick.ts";

const car = { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia", doors: 5 };
pick(["make", "model"], car); // => { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" }

pipe

pipe takes a list of functions and does left-to-right function composition.

import pipe from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/pipe.ts";

function greet(name: string) {
  return `hello, ${name}!`;
}

function makeLoud(x) {
  return x.toUpperCase();
}

const greetLoudly = pipe(greet, makeLoud);

greetLoudly("world"); // => "HELLO, WORLD!"

pluck

pluck takes an array of objects and a property name and returns an array containing the named property of each object.

import pluck from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/pluck.ts";

const cars = [
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" },
  { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Stelvio" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Mustang" },
  { make: "Ford", model: "Focus" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Mirai" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Yaris" },
  { make: "Toyota", model: "Supra" },
];

pluck("make", cars); // => [ "Alfa Romeo", "Alfa Romeo", "Ford", "Ford", "Toyota", "Toyota", "Toyota" ]

prop

prop returns a value from object under a specific key.

import prop from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/prop.ts";

const car = { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" };
prop("make", car); // => "Alfa Romeo"

reduce

reduce applies a reductor function to all elements of the array while keeping the aggragete of previous iterations. Returns a single value.

import reduce from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/reduce.ts";

const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

const add = (a, b) => a + b;
reduce(add, 0, numbers); // => 15

reverse

reverse reverses the order of the elements in array or string.

import reverse from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/reverse.ts";

reverse([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]); // => [5, 4, 3, 2, 1]

// ===

reverse("hello world!"); // => ["!dlrow olleh"]

set

set uses a provided lens, copies the provided object with a changed value.

import lens from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/lens.ts";
import set from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/set.ts";

const car = Object.freeze({
  make: "Toyota",
  model: "GT86",
});

const getCarModel = (data: { make: string, model: string }) => data.model;
const setCarModel = (data: { make: string, model: string }, value: string) => ({ ...data, model: value });

const carModelLens = lens(getCarModel, setCarModel);
set(carModelLens, car, "Mirai"); // => { make: "Toyota", model: "Mirai" }

slice

slice return a given slice of an array or string (wrapper over Array.prototype.slice).

import slice from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/slice.ts";

slice(1, 3, ["a", "b", "c", "d", "e"]); // => ['b', 'c']
slice(1, Infinity, ["b", "c", "d", "e"]); // => ['b', 'c', 'd', 'e']

sort

sort performs a sorting of array or string via provided sorting function.

Sorting function has to accept two arguments and retrun positive number if first argument is bigger than second, 0 if equal and negative if lesser.

import sort from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/sort.ts";

function sortNumbers(a, b) {
  if (a > b) {
    return 1;
  }

  if (a == b) {
    return 0;
  }

  if (a < b) {
    return -1;
  }
}

sort(sortNumbers, [5, 4, 2, 3, 1]); // => [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

// or shorter
sort((a, b) => a - b, [5, 4, 2, 3, 1]); // => [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

split

split splits a string by a given deliminator/separator.

import split from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/split.ts";

split("/", "/usr/local/bin/deno"); // => ["", "usr", "local", "bin", "deno"]

tail

tail returns all elements of the given array or string except the first.

import tail from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/tail.ts";

tail([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]); // => [2, 3, 4, 5]

// ===

tail("hello world!"); // => "ello world!"

values

values returns values from a provided object

import values from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/values.ts";

const car = { make: "Alfa Romeo", model: "Giulia" };
values(car); // => ["make", "model"]

view

view uses a lens to get value from an object.

import lens from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/lens.ts";
import view from "https://deno.land/x/denofun/view.ts";

const car = Object.freeze({
  make: "Toyota",
  model: "GT86",
});

const getCarModel = (data: { make: string, model: string }) => data.model;
const setCarModel = (data: { make: string, model: string }, value: string) => ({ ...data, model: value });

const carModelLens = lens(getCarModel, setCarModel);
view(carModelLens, car); // => "GT86"

For Developers

If you want to contribute to Denofun:

  1. Clone this repository.
  2. Make sure you have Deno installed.
  3. You can run tests with deno test.

Thanks!

Download Details:

Author: galkowskit

Source Code: https://github.com/galkowskit/denofun

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