In this article, I will be listing down the top 10 reasons to learn Python.
Programming languages have been around for ages, and every decade sees the launch of a new language sweeping developers off their feet. Python is considered as one of the most popular and in-demand programming language. A recent Stack Overflow survey showed that Python has taken over languages such as Java, C, C++ and has made its way to the top. This makes Python certification one of the most sought-after programming certifications.
Below are the major features and applications due to which people choose Python as their first programming language:
Python’s popularity & high salaryPython is used in Data Science Python’s scripting & automation Python used with Big DataPython supports TestingComputer Graphics in PythonPython used in Artificial IntelligencePython in Web DevelopmentPython is portable & extensiblePython is simple & easy to learn
If you are planning to start your career in Python and wish to know the skills related to it, now is the right time to dive in, when the technology is in its nascent state.
Now, let me help you to understand these in more detail.10. Simple & Easy To Learn Python
So at number 10, Python is extremely simple and easy to learn. It is a very powerful language and it closely resembles the English language!
So, what contributes to its simplicity? Python is
Free & open sourceHigh-levelInterpretedBlessed with large community
Furthermore, in Python, you don’t have to deal with complex syntax, you can refer to the below image:
If you have to print ‘hello world’, you have to write above three lines whereas in Python, just one line is sufficient to print “hello world”. It’s that SIMPLE guys!
So the 10th reason lies in the simplicity of the code which makes the best suit for beginners.9. Portable & Extensible
The portable and extensible properties of Python allow you to perform cross-language operations seamlessly. Python is supported by most platforms present in the industry today ranging from Windows to Linux to Macintosh, Solaris, Play station, among others.
Python’s extensibility features allow you to integrate Java as well as .NET components. You can also invoke C and C++ libraries.8. Web Development
Python has an array of frameworks for developing websites. The popular frameworks are Django, Flask, Pylons etc. Since these frameworks are written in Python, its the core reason which makes the code a lot faster and stable.
You can also perform web scraping where you can fetch details from any other websites. You will also be impressed as many websites such as Instagram, bit bucket, Pinterest are build on these frameworks only.7. Artificial Intelligence
AI is the next huge development in the tech world. You can actually make a machine mimic the human brain which has the power to think, analyze and make decisions.
Furthermore, libraries such as Keras and TensorFlow bring machine learning functionality into the mix. It gives the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed. Also, we have libraries such as openCv that helps computer vision or image recognition.6. Computer Graphics
Python is largely used in small, large, online or offline projects. It is used to build GUI and desktop applications. It uses ‘Tkinter‘ library to provide fast & easy way to create applications.
It is also used in game development where you can write the logic of using a module ‘pygame’ which also runs on android devices.5. Testing Framework
Python is great for validating ideas or products for established companies. Python has many built-in testing frameworks that covers debugging & fastest workflows. There are a lot of tools and modules to make things easier such as *Selenium *and Splinter.
It supports testing with cross-platform & cross-browser with frameworks such as PyTest and Robot Framework. Testing is a tedious task and Python is the booster for it, so every tester should definitely go for it!4. Big Data
Python handles a lot of hassles of data. It supports parallel computing where you can use Python for Hadoop as well. In Python, you have a library called “Pydoop” and you can write a MapReduce program in Python and process data present in the HDFS cluster.
There are other libraries such as ‘Dask‘ and ‘Pyspark‘ for big data processing. Therefore, Python is widely used for Big Data where you can easily process it!3. Scripting & Automation
Many people only knows that Python is a programming language, but Python can also be used as Scripting language. In scripting:
The code is written in the form of scripts and get executedMachine reads and interprets the codeError checking is done during Runtime
Once the code is checked, it can be used several times. So by automation, you can automate certain tasks in a program.
Python is the leading language of many data scientist. For years, academic scholars and private researchers were using the MATLAB language for scientific research but it all started to change with the release of Python numerical engines such as ‘Numpy’ and ‘Pandas’.
Python also deals with the tabular, matrix as well as statistical data and it even visualizes it with popular libraries such as ‘Matplotlib’ and ‘Seaborn‘.1. Python’s Popularity & High Salary
Python engineers have some of the highest salaries in the industry. The average Python Developer salary in the United States is approximately $116,028 per year.
Also, Python has a strong spike in popularity over the last 1 year. Refer the below screenshot taken from Google Trends.
In this "Python Tutorial: Data Science vs. Web Development" to provide a comparison on the two completely different purposes of using Python language and help understand that it is not necessary to know Python as a web programming language for doing data science in Python.
Python programming has various frameworks and features to expand in web application development, graphical user interfaces, data analysis, data visualization, etc. Python programming language might not be an ideal choice for web application development, but is extensively used by many organizations for evaluating large datasets, for data visualization, for running data analysis or prototyping. Python programming language is gaining traction amongst users for data science whilst being outmoded as a web programming language. The idea of this blog post is to provide a comparison on the two completely different purposes of using Python language and help understand that it is not necessary to know Python as a web programming language for doing data science in Python.Python for Data Science :
Organizations of all sizes and industries — from the top financial institutions to the smallest big data start-ups are using Python programming language to run their business.
Python language is among the popular data science programming languages not only with the top big data companies but also with the tech start up crowd. Python language ranks among the top 10 programming languages to learn in 2019.
Python language comes in the former category and is finding increased adoption in numerical computations, machine learning and several data science applications. Python language can do anything, excluding performance dependent and low level stuff. The best bet to use Python programming language is for data analysis and statistical computations. Learning Python programming for web development requires programmers to master various web frameworks like Django that can help the build websites whereas learning Python for data science requires data scientists to learn the usage of regular expressions, get working with the scientific libraries and master the data visualization concepts. With completely different purposes, programmers or professionals who are not knowledgeable about web programming concepts with Python language can easily go ahead and pursue data science in Python programming language without any difficulty.
Python is a 23-year-old powerful expressive dynamic programming language where a programmer can write the code once and execute it without using a separate compiler for the purpose. Python in web development supports various programming paradigms such as structured programming, functional programming and object oriented programming. Python language code can be easily embedded into various existing web application that require a programming interface. However, Python language is a preeminent choice for academic, research and scientific applications which need faster execution and precise mathematical calculations.
Python web programming requires programmers to learn about the various python web development frameworks, which can be intimidating because the documentation available for the python web development frameworks might be somewhat difficult to understand. However, it is undeniable that to develop a dynamic website or a web application using Python language, learning a web framework is essential.Python Web Development Frameworks
There are several Python web application frameworks available for free like-
Django is the python web development framework for perfectionists with deadlines. Python web development with django is best suited for developing database driven web applications with attractive features like automatic admin interface and a templating system. For web development projects that don’t require extensive features, Django may be an overkill because of its confusing file system and strict directory structure. Some companies that are using python web development with django are The New York Times, Instagram, and Pinterest.
It is a simple and lightweight solution for beginners who want to get started with developing single-page web applications. This framework does not support for validation, data abstraction layer and many other components that various other frameworks include. It is not a full stack framework and is used only in the development of small websites.
It emphasizes on Pythonic conventions so that programmers can build web applications just the way they would do it using object oriented Python programming. CherryPy is the base template for other popular full stack frameworks like TurboBears and Web2py.
There are so many other web frameworks like Pyramid, Bottle, and Pylons etc. but regardless of the fact, whichever web framework a python programmer uses, the challenge is that he/she needs to pay close attention to detailing on the tutorials and documentation.Why Web Development with Python is an impractical choice?
Python programming language probably is an impractical choice for being chosen as a web programming language –
Python for web development requires non-standard and expensive hosting particularly when programmers use popular python web frameworks for building websites. With PHP language being so expedient for web programming, most of the users are not interested in investing in Python programming language for web development.
Python language for web development is not a commonly demanded skill unlike demand for other web development languages like PHP, Java or Ruby on Rails. Python for Data science is gaining traction and is the most sought after skill companies are looking for in data scientists, with its increased adoption in machine learning and various other data science applications.
Python for web development has come a long way but it does not have a steep learning curve as compared to other web programming languages like PHP.
Why Python for Data Science is the best fit?
Python programming is the core technology that powers big data, finance, statistics and number crunching with English like syntax. The recent growth of the rich Python data science ecosystem with multiple packages for Machine learning, natural language processing, data visualization, data exploration, data analysis and data mining is resulting in Pythonification of the data science community. Today, Python data science language has all the nuts and bolts for cleaning, transforming, processing and crunching big data. Python is the most in-demand skill for data scientist job role. A data scientist with python programming skills in New York earns an average salary of $180,000Why data scientists love doing data science in Python language?
Data Scientists like to work in a programming environment that can quickly prototype by helping them jot down their ideas and models easily. They like to get their stuff done by analysing huge datasets to draw conclusions. Python programming is the most versatile and capable all-rounder for data science applications as it helps data scientists do all this productively by taking optimal minimal time for coding, debugging, executing and getting the results.
The real value of a great enterprise data scientist is to use various data visualizations that can help communicate the data patterns and predictions to various stakeholders of the business effectively, otherwise it is just a zero-sum game. Python has almost every aspect of scientific computing with high computational intensity which makes it a supreme choice for programming across different data science applications, as programmers can do all the development and analysis in one language. Python for data science links between various units of a business and provides a direct medium for data sharing and processing language.
Data analysis and Python programming language go hand in hand. If you have taken a decision to learn Data Science in Python language, then the next question in your mind would be –What are the best data science in Python libraries that do most of the data analysis task? Here are top data analysis libraries in Python used by enterprise data scientists across the world-
It is the foundation base for the higher level tools built in Python programming language. This library cannot be used for high level data analysis but in-depth understanding of array oriented computing in NumPy helps data scientists use the Pandas library effectively.
SciPy is used for technical and scientific computing with various modules for integration, special functions, image processing, interpolation, linear algebra, optimizations, ODE solvers and various other tasks. This library is used to work with NumPy arrays with various efficient numerical routines.
This is the best library for doing data munging as this library makes it easier to handle missing data, supports automatic data alignment, supports working with differently indexed data gathered from multiple data sources.
This is a popular machine learning library with various regression, classification and clustering algorithms with support for gradient boosting, vector machines, naïve Bayes, and logistic regression. This library is designed to interoperate with NumPy and SciPy.
It is a 2D plotting library with interactive features for zooming and panning for publication quality figures in different hard copy formats and in interactive environments across various platforms.
Python tutorial for beginners - Learn Python for Machine Learning and Web Development. Can Python be used for machine learning? Python is widely considered as the preferred language for teaching and learning ML (Machine Learning). Can I use Python for web development? Python can be used to build server-side web applications. Why Python is suitable for machine learning? How Python is used in AI? What language is best for machine learning?Python tutorial for beginners - Learn Python for Machine Learning and Web Development
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