Joshua Yates

Joshua Yates

1575290805

How to Build and Implement JWT User Authentication in Angular Application

Welcome, fellas! Today, In this step-by-step Angular 8|9 tutorial, we are going to understand how to build a secure user authentication system using JSON web tokens (JWT) and RESTful Auth APIs built with express, node and mongoDB.

What is JWT (JSON Web Token)?

JWT refers to JSON Web token. It’s a token in string form validated and generated by a web server. This string-based token helps in communicating between the client and the server.

Let’s understand how does the JWT help in transferring the data securely between the client and the server.
User information is sent to the client like username and password using an HTTP POST request to the webserver. Web server identifies the user information and creates a token and send it back to the client. Client store that token into local storage or a session and also set it to the header. On the next HTTP call, that token is verified by the server, and web server returns the response to the client.

Angular 9 MEAN Stack User Authentication Work Flow

  • User can sign-in
  • User can register or sign-up
  • Store user data on MongoDB database.
  • Creating Angular service to handle user auth API.
  • Hide certain menu item based on authentication state
  • Restrict user to access user profile page when the user is not logged-in.
  • Store JWT token in local storage to manage the user session in Angular 8/9
  • Store password in mongoDB Database using the password hash method with bcryptjs.
  • Generate a JSON web token when a user logs in and store that token in a authorization header using HttpInterceptor class.

1. Set up Angular 9 Project

Let’s get started by installing the basic Angular app, enter the following command in your terminal:

ng new angular-meanstack-authentication

# ? Would you like to add Angular routing? Yes
# ? Which stylesheet format would you like to use? CSS

Next, head over to the Angular user authentication project folder:

cd angular-meanstack-authentication

To make things simpler create a separate front-end and backend (server) in Angular app. Our Angular 8/9 user auth app will have signin, signup and user-profile pages.

Create specific components folder in src/app/components in Angular app and create the following components in it.

ng g c components/signin

ng g c components/signup

ng g c components/user-profile

Next, install Bootstrap 4.

npm install bootstrap

Add the Bootstrap 4 stylesheet path in angular.json file.

"styles": [
          "node_modules/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css",
          "src/styles.css"
         ]

Start your Angular app.

ng serve --open

2. Clone Node Js Token-Based Auth REST API from GitHub

Run the following command to clone Node.js token-based auth REST API from GitHub in your Angular’s root folder.

git clone https://github.com/SinghDigamber/node-token-based-authentication.git

Get inside the server folder:

cd node-token-based-authentication

Next, install npm packages to set up and start the Node server:

Run npm install to install required packages

Open other terminal run mongod

Next, install the nodemon NPM package for development purpose with --save-dev attribute, it helps in starting the node server when any change occurs in the server files.

npm install nodemon --save-dev

Open terminal run nodemon

Following auth APIs we are going to use in this tutorial.
Angular 9 JWT User Authentication Tutorial

Open API URL on http://localhost:4000/api

3. Setting up HttpClient

To handle REST APIs via HTTP requests in our Angular user authentication app. We need to import Angular HttpClient service in the auth module.

Import HttpClientModule service in app.module.ts file.

import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';

@NgModule({
  imports: [
    HttpClientModule
   ]
})

4. Creating User Authentication Service in Angular 9

Now create Angular auth service and user class, these files will handle all the JWT user authentication related APIs in our project.

Inside the shared folder create shared/user.ts file and include the following code inside of it.

export class User {
    _id: String;
    name: String;
    email: String;
    password: String;
}

Next, run below command to create user auth service.

ng g s shared/auth

Add the following code in the shared/auth.service.ts file.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { User } from './user';
import { Observable, throwError } from 'rxjs';
import { catchError, map } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { HttpClient, HttpHeaders, HttpErrorResponse } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})

export class AuthService {
  endpoint: string = 'http://localhost:4000/api';
  headers = new HttpHeaders().set('Content-Type', 'application/json');
  currentUser = {};

  constructor(
    private http: HttpClient,
    public router: Router
  ) {
  }

  // Sign-up
  signUp(user: User): Observable<any> {
    let api = `${this.endpoint}/register-user`;
    return this.http.post(api, user)
      .pipe(
        catchError(this.handleError)
      )
  }

  // Sign-in
  signIn(user: User) {
    return this.http.post<any>(`${this.endpoint}/signin`, user)
      .subscribe((res: any) => {
        localStorage.setItem('access_token', res.token)
        this.getUserProfile(res._id).subscribe((res) => {
          this.currentUser = res;
          this.router.navigate(['user-profile/' + res.msg._id]);
        })
      })
  }

  getToken() {
    return localStorage.getItem('access_token');
  }

  get isLoggedIn(): boolean {
    let authToken = localStorage.getItem('access_token');
    return (authToken !== null) ? true : false;
  }

  doLogout() {
    let removeToken = localStorage.removeItem('access_token');
    if (removeToken == null) {
      this.router.navigate(['log-in']);
    }
  }

  // User profile
  getUserProfile(id): Observable<any> {
    let api = `${this.endpoint}/user-profile/${id}`;
    return this.http.get(api, { headers: this.headers }).pipe(
      map((res: Response) => {
        return res || {}
      }),
      catchError(this.handleError)
    )
  }

  // Error 
  handleError(error: HttpErrorResponse) {
    let msg = '';
    if (error.error instanceof ErrorEvent) {
      // client-side error
      msg = error.error.message;
    } else {
      // server-side error
      msg = `Error Code: ${error.status}\nMessage: ${error.message}`;
    }
    return throwError(msg);
  }
}
  • The signUp() method stores the user name, email and password in mongoDB database.
  • By taking the help of bcryptjs, we are storing the password securely in the database.
  • The signin() method allows the user to access in the app using JSON web token generated by node server.
  • We are getting JWT token from the API response and storing in the local storage, then in the getToken() method, we are accessing the token via local storage getItem() method.
  • The isLoggedIn method returns true if the user is logged in else returns false.

5. Set JWT Token with Angular 9 HttpInterceptor

In this part of the tutorial, we are going to set the JSON web token in the header using Angular 8/9 HttpInterceptor. To set the authorization header, first create the authconfig.interceptor.ts file in the shared folder.

import { Injectable } from "@angular/core";
import { HttpInterceptor, HttpRequest, HttpHandler } from "@angular/common/http";
import { AuthService } from "./auth.service";

@Injectable()

export class AuthInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
    constructor(private authService: AuthService) { }

    intercept(req: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler) {
        const authToken = this.authService.getToken();
        req = req.clone({
            setHeaders: {
                Authorization: "Bearer " + authToken
            }
        });
        return next.handle(req);
    }
}

Import the AuthService in and inject inside the constructor. In the intercept(){…} method call the getToken() method to get the JWT token then within the req.clone method set the Authorization header and call teh next.handle() method.

import { HttpClientModule, HTTP_INTERCEPTORS } from '@angular/common/http';
import { AuthInterceptor } from './shared/authconfig.interceptor';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [...],
  imports: [HttpClientModule],
  providers: [
    {
      provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS,
      useClass: AuthInterceptor,
      multi: true
    }
  ],
  bootstrap: [...]
})

export class AppModule { }

Next, import the HTTP_INTERCEPTORS in the app.module.ts file and set the HTTP_INTERCEPTORS along with AuthInterceptor in providers:[...] array.

6. Protect Routes with CanActivate

Run following command to set up CanActivate interface class, It stops visitors to access certain urls in the Angular app. In our case we only want logged-in users to access the /user-profile URL.

ng g guard shared/auth

Next, add the following code in the auth.guard.ts file.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { ActivatedRouteSnapshot, RouterStateSnapshot, 
UrlTree, CanActivate, Router } from '@angular/router';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { AuthService } from './../shared/auth.service';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class AuthGuard implements CanActivate {

  constructor(
    public authService: AuthService,
    public router: Router
  ) { }

  canActivate(
    next: ActivatedRouteSnapshot,
    state: RouterStateSnapshot): Observable<boolean> | Promise<boolean> | boolean {
    if (this.authService.isLoggedIn !== true) {
      window.alert("Access not allowed!");
      this.router.navigate(['log-in'])
    }
    return true;
  }
}

Then, go to app-routing.module.ts file and import the AuthGuard interface class and inject the AuthGuard in the route as given below.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';

import { SigninComponent } from './components/signin/signin.component';
import { SignupComponent } from './components/signup/signup.component';
import { UserProfileComponent } from './components/user-profile/user-profile.component';

import { AuthGuard } from "./shared/auth.guard";

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', redirectTo: '/log-in', pathMatch: 'full' },
  { path: 'log-in', component: SigninComponent },
  { path: 'sign-up', component: SignupComponent },
  { path: 'user-profile/:id', component: UserProfileComponent, canActivate: [AuthGuard] }
];

@NgModule({
  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})

export class AppRoutingModule { }

7. Implement Angular 9 Reactive Forms

Import ReactiveFormsModule and FormsModule in app.module.ts file and also declare in imports: […] array.

import { ReactiveFormsModule, FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

@NgModule({
  imports: [
    ReactiveFormsModule,
    FormsModule
  ],
})

export class AppModule { }

8. Implementing User Registration in MEAN Stack App

Now, implement user registration in MEAN stack auth app using Node API. Go to components/signup.component.ts file and add the following code.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormBuilder, FormGroup } from "@angular/forms";
import { AuthService } from './../../shared/auth.service';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-signup',
  templateUrl: './signup.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./signup.component.css']
})

export class SignupComponent implements OnInit {
  signupForm: FormGroup;

  constructor(
    public fb: FormBuilder,
    public authService: AuthService,
    public router: Router
  ) {
    this.signupForm = this.fb.group({
      name: [''],
      email: [''],
      mobile: [''],
      password: ['']
    })
  }

  ngOnInit() { }

  registerUser() {
    this.authService.signUp(this.signupForm.value).subscribe((res) => {
      if (res.result) {
        this.signupForm.reset()
        this.router.navigate(['log-in']);
      }
    })
  }
}

Go to components/signup.component.html file and add the following code inside of it.

<div class="auth-wrapper">
    <form class="form-signin" [formGroup]="signupForm" (ngSubmit)="registerUser()">
        <h3 class="h3 mb-3 font-weight-normal text-center">Please sign up</h3>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label>Name</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="name" placeholder="Enter name" required>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label>Email address</label>
            <input type="email" class="form-control" formControlName="email" placeholder="Enter email" required>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label>Password</label>
            <input type="password" class="form-control" formControlName="password" placeholder="Password" required>
        </div>
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-block btn-primary">Sign up</button>
    </form>
</div>

Call the signUp() method to register the user via the registerUser() method. On successful user registration redirect user to the log-in page.

User Registration in MEAN Stack App

9. Handling MEAN Stack Login with Angular

In this step, we will implement MEAN stack login in an Angular 8/9 app. Go to components/signin.component.ts file and add the following code.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormBuilder, FormGroup } from "@angular/forms";
import { AuthService } from './../../shared/auth.service';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-signin',
  templateUrl: './signin.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./signin.component.css']
})

export class SigninComponent implements OnInit {
  signinForm: FormGroup;

  constructor(
    public fb: FormBuilder,
    public authService: AuthService,
    public router: Router
  ) {
    this.signinForm = this.fb.group({
      email: [''],
      password: ['']
    })
  }

  ngOnInit() { }

  loginUser() {
    this.authService.signIn(this.signinForm.value)
  }
}

Head over to components/signin.component.html file and add the following code inside of it.

<div class="auth-wrapper">
    <form class="form-signin" [formGroup]="signinForm" (ngSubmit)="loginUser()">
        <h3 class="h3 mb-3 font-weight-normal text-center">Please sign in</h3>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label>Email</label>
            <input type="email" class="form-control" formControlName="email" placeholder="Enter email" required>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label>Password</label>
            <input type="password" class="form-control" formControlName="password" placeholder="Password">
        </div>
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-block btn-primary">Sign in</button>
    </form>
</div>

Enter the user email and password, we are setting up Authorization: Bearer token in the header when the user successfully logged-in.

Angular 8 MEAN Stack Login

10. Fetch User Profile in Angular 9 Auth App

Now, we will fetch the user data when the user is successfully logged in. In server/ /middlewares/auth.js file we have set the jwt.verify() method. This method checks the API request and does not render the user data if found invalid token or JWT secret.

For example try to access the /user-profile/_id Angular URL without providing the invalid token. You will find out that server doesn’t render the user data.

Get into the components/user-profile.component.ts file and include the following code inside of it.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';
import { AuthService } from './../../shared/auth.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-user-profile',
  templateUrl: './user-profile.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./user-profile.component.css']
})

export class UserProfileComponent implements OnInit {
  currentUser: Object = {};

  constructor(
    public authService: AuthService,
    private actRoute: ActivatedRoute
  ) {
    let id = this.actRoute.snapshot.paramMap.get('id');
    this.authService.getUserProfile(id).subscribe(res => {
      this.currentUser = res.msg;
    })
  }

  ngOnInit() { }
}

Get into the components/user-profile.component.html file and include the following code inside of it.

<div class="container">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="inner-main">
            <h2 class="mb-4">User Profile</h2>
            <p><strong>Name:</strong> {{this.currentUser.name}}</p>
            <p><strong>Email:</strong> {{this.currentUser.email}}</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

MEAN Auth User Profile

Adding Logout in MEAN App

In this step, we will add the logout, hiding and showing nav items in our MEAN stack user authentication app.

Go to app/app.component.ts file and add the following code inside of it.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { AuthService } from './shared/auth.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
})

export class AppComponent {

  constructor(public authService: AuthService) { }

  logout() {
    this.authService.doLogout()
  }
}

Go to app/app.component.html file and add the following code inside of it.

<div
  class="d-flex flex-column flex-md-row align-items-center p-3 px-md-4 mb-3 bg-white border-bottom shadow-sm fixed-top">
  <h5 class="my-0 mr-md-auto font-weight-normal">Angular Mean Auth</h5>
  <nav class="my-2 my-md-0 mr-md-3">
    <a *ngIf="this.authService.isLoggedIn" class="p-2 text-dark">User Profile</a>
    <a *ngIf="!this.authService.isLoggedIn" class="p-2 text-dark" routerLinkActive="active" routerLink="/log-in">Sign
      in</a>
  </nav>
  <a *ngIf="!this.authService.isLoggedIn" class="btn btn-outline-primary" routerLinkActive="active"
    routerLinkActive="active" routerLink="/sign-up">Sign up</a>
  <button (click)="logout()" *ngIf="this.authService.isLoggedIn" type="button" class="btn btn-danger">Logout</button>
</div>

<router-outlet></router-outlet>

11. Conclusion

Finally, we completed the Angular 8/9 JWT User Authentication Tutorial. In this tutorial, we have learned how to implement JWT user authentication in Angular 8/9 application.

Click below to get the full code of this tutorial on GitHub.

Git Repo

#Angular #Security #WebDev #JavaScript #JSON

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

How to Build and Implement JWT User Authentication in Angular Application

VinothKumar S

1577218318

Hi Admin,
I am getting the error as below,

internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:807
return process.dlopen(module, path.toNamespacedPath(filename));
^

Error: \?\D:\Home Workspaces\MEAN\Morioh\angular-meanstack-authentication\node-token-based-authentication\node_modules\bcrypt\lib\binding\bcrypt_lib.node is not a valid Win32 appl[nodemon] app crashed - waiting for file changes before starting…

Angular 12 + Spring Boot: JWT Authentication example | Spring Security

In this tutorial, I will show you how to build a full stack Angular 12 + Spring Boot JWT Authentication example. The back-end server uses Spring Boot with Spring Security for JWT Authentication & Role based Authorization, Spring Data JPA for interacting with database. The front-end will be built using Angular 12 with HttpInterceptor & Form validation.

Related Posts:

– Angular 12 + Spring Boot: CRUD example

– Angular 12 + Spring Boot: File upload example

– Spring Boot, MongoDB: JWT Authentication with Spring Security

Contents [hide]

#angular #full stack #spring #angular #angular 12 #authentication #authorization #jwt #login #registration #security #spring boot #spring security #token based authentication

le pro

1606738079

Angular 9 JWT Login Authentication Example - loizenai.com

Angular 9 JWT Login Authentication Example

Tutorial: Angular 9 Login Authentication Example – Angular 9 + SpringBoot + MySQL/PostgreSQL JWT token Authentication
JWT Role Based Authorization with Spring Boot and Angular 9 (Spring Boot Login Example)

JSON Web Token (JWT) is an open standard (RFC 7519) that defines a compact and self-contained way for securely transmitting information between parties as a JSON object. So in tutorial ‘JWT Role Based Authorization with Spring Boot and Angular 9 (Spring Boot Login Example)’, I guide you very clearly how to implement full stack example to demonstrade an jwt token based authentication flow from frontend Angular 9 to backend: SpringBoot and MySQL.

– I give you an Epic of the application, a fullstack excutive flow from frontend – Angular 9 to backend – SpringBoot with overall architecture diagram.
– I give you an architecture diagram of SpringBoot security backend.
– I give you a working flow diagram of Angular 9 JWT Application.
– I guide you step by step how to develop a Backend SpringBoot secured RestAPIs with JWT token.
– I guide you step by step how to develop an Angular 9 JWT Token Authentication application.
– Finally, I do an integrative testing from Angular 9 JWT Authentication application to SpringBoot Backend Security RestAPIs.

Angular Spring Boot JWT Authentication example

We will build an application, from frontend (Angular) to backend (Spring Boot), which allows users to register, login account. This application is secured with JWT (JSON Web Token) authentication and Spring Security. Then, depending on the role of current User (user, pm or admin), this system accepts what he can access:

Angular-9-Login-Form

Angular 9 Register Form

Angular 9 Home Page of a User with USER_ROLE

Angular 9 Content Page of a User with USER_ROLE

The diagram below show how our system handles User Registration and User Login processes:

Angular 9 Spring Boot Security Jwt Token Authentication Work Process Diagram

SPRING BOOT BACK-END WITH SPRING SECURITY

This is diagram for SpringBoot Token based authentication Security/JWT classes that are separated into 3 layers:
– HTTP
– Spring Security
– REST API

Spring Boot Security Jwt Token Authentication Architecture Diagram Back End Server

– SecurityContextHolder provides access to the SecurityContext.
– SecurityContext holds the Authentication and possibly request-specific security information.
– Authentication represents the principal which includes GrantedAuthority that reflects the application-wide permissions granted to a principal.
– UserDetails contains necessary information to build an Authentication object from DAOs or other source of security data.
– UserDetailsService helps to create a UserDetails from a String-based username and is usually used by AuthenticationProvider.
– JwtAuthTokenFilter (extends OncePerRequestFilter) pre-processes HTTP request, from Token, create Authentication and populate it to SecurityContext.
– JwtProvider validates, parses token String or generates token String from UserDetails.
– UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken gets username/password from login Request and combines into an instance of Authentication interface.
– AuthenticationManager uses DaoAuthenticationProvider (with help of UserDetailsService & PasswordEncoder) to validate instance of UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken, then returns a fully populated Authentication instance on successful authentication.
– SecurityContext is established by calling SecurityContextHolder.getContext().setAuthentication(…​) with returned authentication object above.
– AuthenticationEntryPoint handles AuthenticationException.
– Access to Restful API is protected by HTTPSecurity and authorized with Method Security Expressions.

ANGULAR FRONT-END WITH INTERCEPTOR

In the tutorial, “Angular 9 + Spring Boot JWT Token Based Authentication Example”, we need the Angular HTTP Interceptor to add JWT Token Based for Security authentication:

Angular 9 Jwt Token Workflow Diagram

– app.component is the parent component that contains routerLink and router-outlet for routing. It also has an authority variable as the condition for displaying items on navigation bar.
– user.component, pm.component, admin.component correspond to Angular Components for User Board, PM Board, Admin Board. Each Board uses user.service to access authority data.
– register.component contains User Registration form, submission of the form will call auth.service.
– login.component contains User Login form, submission of the form will call auth.service and token-storage.service.

– user.service gets access to authority data from Server using Angular HttpClient ($http service).
– auth.service handles authentication and signup actions with Server using Angular HttpClient ($http service).
– every HTTP request by $http service will be inspected and transformed before being sent to the Server by auth-interceptor (implements HttpInterceptor).
– auth-interceptor check and get Token from token-storage.service to add the Token to Authorization Header of the HTTP Requests.

– token-storage.service manages Token inside Browser’s sessionStorage.

Video Guide – Angular SpringBoot JWT Authentication

https://youtu.be/7ZfInOvFsz0

Sourcecode

Tutorial Link

Angular 9 JWT Login Authentication Example

Related post

  1. Angular CRUD Application with SpringBoot and MySQL/PostgreSQL RestAPIs
  2. Build SpringBoot CRUD Application – FullStack: Frontend (Bootstrap and Ajax) to Backend (SpringBoot and MySQL/PostgreSQL database)
  3. Angular Nodejs Fullstack CRUD Application with MySQL/PostgreSQL

#angular #jwt #authentication #token #jwt-authentication #example

Roberta  Ward

Roberta Ward

1595344320

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“There’s always a scope of improvement“

If you still feel like it isn’t helping you in learning and development, you can provide your feedback in the feedback section in the bottom right corner of the website.

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How To Set Up Two-Factor Authentication in cPanel

What is 2FA
Two-Factor Authentication (or 2FA as it often referred to) is an extra layer of security that is used to provide users an additional level of protection when securing access to an account.
Employing a 2FA mechanism is a vast improvement in security over the Singe-Factor Authentication method of simply employing a username and password. Using this method, accounts that have 2FA enabled, require the user to enter a one-time passcode that is generated by an external application. The 2FA passcode (usually a six-digit number) is required to be input into the passcode field before access is granted. The 2FA input is usually required directly after the username and password are entered by the client.

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Christa  Stehr

Christa Stehr

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Install Angular - Angular Environment Setup Process

Angular is a TypeScript based framework that works in synchronization with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. To work with angular, domain knowledge of these 3 is required.

  1. Installing Node.js and npm
  2. Installing Angular CLI
  3. Creating workspace
  4. Deploying your First App

In this article, you will get to know about the Angular Environment setup process. After reading this article, you will be able to install, setup, create, and launch your own application in Angular. So let’s start!!!

Angular environment setup

Install Angular in Easy Steps

For Installing Angular on your Machine, there are 2 prerequisites:

  • Node.js
  • npm Package Manager
Node.js

First you need to have Node.js installed as Angular require current, active LTS or maintenance LTS version of Node.js

Download and Install Node.js version suitable for your machine’s operating system.

Npm Package Manager

Angular, Angular CLI and Angular applications are dependent on npm packages. By installing Node.js, you have automatically installed the npm Package manager which will be the base for installing angular in your system. To check the presence of npm client and Angular version check of npm client, run this command:

  1. npm -v

Installing Angular CLI

  • Open Terminal/Command Prompt
  • To install Angular CLI, run the below command:
  1. npm install -g @angular/cli

installing angular CLI

· After executing the command, Angular CLI will get installed within some time. You can check it using the following command

  1. ng --version

Workspace Creation

Now as your Angular CLI is installed, you need to create a workspace to work upon your application. Methods for it are:

  • Using CLI
  • Using Visual Studio Code
1. Using CLI

To create a workspace:

  • Navigate to the desired directory where you want to create your workspace using cd command in the Terminal/Command prompt
  • Then in the directory write this command on your terminal and provide the name of the app which you want to create. In my case I have mentioned DataFlair:
  1. Ng new YourAppName

create angular workspace

  • After running this command, it will prompt you to select from various options about the CSS and other functionalities.

angular CSS options

  • To leave everything to default, simply press the Enter or the Return key.

angular setup

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