We explore the different packaging types available in Maven. Maven offers many default packaging types and also provides the flexibility to define a custom one. The packaging type is an important aspect of any Maven project. It specifies the type of artifact the project produces. Generally, a build produces a jar, war, pom, or other executable.
The packaging type is an important aspect of any Maven project. It specifies the type of artifact the project produces. Generally, a build produces a jar, war, pom, or other executable.
Maven offers many default packaging types and also provides the flexibility to define a custom one.
In this tutorial, we'll take a deep dive into Maven packaging types. First, we'll look at the build lifecycles in Maven. Then, we'll discuss each packaging type, what they represent, and their effect on the project's lifecycle. In the end, we'll see how to define a custom packaging type.
Maven offers many default packaging types that include a jar, war, ear, pom, rar, ejb, and maven-plugin. Each packaging type follows a build lifecycle that consists of phases. Usually, every phase is a sequence of goals and performs a specific task.
Different packaging types may have a different goal in a particular phase. For example, in the package phase of jar packaging type, maven-jar-plugin_‘s jar goal is executed. Conversely, for a _war project, _maven-war-plugin_‘s war goal is executed in the same phase.
Java archive – or jar – is one of the most popular packaging types. Projects with this packaging type produce a compressed zip file with the .jar extension. It may include pure Java classes, interfaces, resources, and metadata files.
To begin with, let's look at some of the default goal-to-build-phase bindings for the jar:
Without delay, let's define the packaging type of a jar project:
If nothing has been specified, Maven assumes the packaging type is a jar.
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