Delbert  Ferry

Delbert Ferry

1623293292

Webpack’ing your GraphQL Documents

When building a GraphQL application, there are benefits that come from placing your GraphQL query documents in their own files rather than inline with your view components. For example, you can get simpler editor and tooling support since the tools can look at static files instead of trying to parse application code. Also, it prevents you from accidentally manipulating queries at runtime. However, until now it has been difficult to do with our GraphQL webpack loader since there was no way to have different queries share GraphQL fragments.

#graphql #graphql documents #webpack’ing

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

Webpack’ing your GraphQL Documents
Delbert  Ferry

Delbert Ferry

1623293292

Webpack’ing your GraphQL Documents

When building a GraphQL application, there are benefits that come from placing your GraphQL query documents in their own files rather than inline with your view components. For example, you can get simpler editor and tooling support since the tools can look at static files instead of trying to parse application code. Also, it prevents you from accidentally manipulating queries at runtime. However, until now it has been difficult to do with our GraphQL webpack loader since there was no way to have different queries share GraphQL fragments.

#graphql #graphql documents #webpack’ing

Elm Graphql: Autogenerate Type-safe GraphQL Queries in Elm

dillonkearns/elm-graphql  

Why use this package over the other available Elm GraphQL packages? This is the only one that generates type-safe code for your entire schema. Check out this blog post, Type-Safe & Composable GraphQL in Elm, to learn more about the motivation for this library. (It's also the only type-safe library with Elm 0.18 or 0.19 support, see this discourse thread).

I built this package because I wanted to have something that:

  1. Gives you type-safe GraphQL queries (if it compiles, it's valid according to the schema),
  2. Creates decoders for you in a seamless and failsafe way, and
  3. Eliminates GraphQL features in favor of Elm language constructs where possible for a simpler UX (for example, GraphQL variables & fragments should just be Elm functions, constants, lets).

See an example in action on Ellie. See more end-to-end example code in the examples/ folder.

Overview

dillonkearns/elm-graphql is an Elm package and accompanying command-line code generator that creates type-safe Elm code for your GraphQL endpoint. You don't write any decoders for your API with dillonkearns/elm-graphql, instead you simply select which fields you would like, similar to a standard GraphQL query but in Elm. For example, this GraphQL query

query {
  human(id: "1001") {
    name
    homePlanet
  }
}

would look like this in dillonkearns/elm-graphql (the code in this example that is prefixed with StarWars is auto-generated)

import Graphql.Operation exposing (RootQuery)
import Graphql.SelectionSet as SelectionSet exposing (SelectionSet)
import StarWars.Object
import StarWars.Object.Human as Human
import StarWars.Query as Query
import StarWars.Scalar exposing (Id(..))


query : SelectionSet (Maybe HumanData) RootQuery
query =
    Query.human { id = Id "1001" } humanSelection


type alias HumanData =
    { name : String
    , homePlanet : Maybe String
    }


humanSelection : SelectionSet HumanData StarWars.Object.Human
humanSelection =
    SelectionSet.map2 HumanData
        Human.name
        Human.homePlanet

GraphQL and Elm are a perfect match because GraphQL is used to enforce the types that your API takes as inputs and outputs, much like Elm's type system does within Elm. elm-graphql simply bridges this gap by making your Elm code aware of your GraphQL server's schema. If you are new to GraphQL, graphql.org/learn/ is an excellent way to learn the basics.

After following the installation instructions to install the @dillonkearns/elm-graphql NPM package and the proper Elm packages (see the Setup section for details). Once you've installed everything, running the elm-graphql code generation tool is as simple as this:

npx elm-graphql https://elm-graphql.herokuapp.com --base StarWars --output examples/src

If headers are required, such as a Bearer Token, the --header flag can be supplied.

npx elm-graphql https://elm-graphql.herokuapp.com --base StarWars --output examples/src --header 'headerKey: header value'

Learning Resources

There is a thorough tutorial in the SelectionSet docs. SelectionSets are the core concept in this library, so I recommend reading through the whole page (it's not very long!).

The examples/ folder is another great place to start.

If you want to learn more GraphQL basics, this is a great tutorial, and a short read: graphql.org/learn/

My Elm Conf 2018 talk goes into the philosophy behind dillonkearns/elm-graphql

Types Without Borders Elm Conf Talk

(Skip to 13:06 to go straight to the dillonkearns/elm-graphql demo).

If you're wondering why code is generated a certain way, you're likely to find an answer in the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ).

There's a very helpful group of people in the #graphql channel in the Elm Slack. Don't hesitate to ask any questions about getting started, best practices, or just general GraphQL in there!

Setup

dillonkearns/elm-graphql generates Elm code that allows you to build up type-safe GraphQL requests. Here are the steps to setup dillonkearns/elm-graphql.

Add the dillonkearns/elm-graphql elm package as a dependency in your elm.json. You will also need to make sure that elm/json is a dependency of your project since the generated code has lots of JSON decoders in it.

elm install dillonkearns/elm-graphql
elm install elm/json

Install the @dillonkearns/elm-graphql command line tool through npm. This is what you will use to generate Elm code for your API. It is recommended that you save the @dillonkearns/elm-graphql command line tool as a dev dependency so that everyone on your project is using the same version.

npm install --save-dev @dillonkearns/elm-graphql
# you can now run it locally using `npx elm-graphql`,
# or by calling it through an npm script as in this project's package.json

Run the @dillonkearns/elm-graphql command line tool installed above to generate your code. If you used the --save-dev method above, you can simply create a script in your package.json like the following:

{
  "name": "star-wars-elm-graphql-project",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "scripts": {
    "api": "elm-graphql https://elm-graphql.herokuapp.com/api --base StarWars"
  }

With the above in your package.json, running npm run api will generate dillonkearns/elm-graphql code for you to call in ./src/StarWars/. You can now use the generated code as in this Ellie example or in the examples folder.

Subscriptions Support

You can do real-time APIs using GraphQL Subscriptions and dillonkearns/elm-graphql. Just wire in the framework-specific JavaScript code for opening the WebSocket connection through a port. Here's a live demo and its source code. The demo server is running Elixir/Absinthe.

Contributors

Thank you Mario Martinez (martimatix) for all your feedback, the elm-format PR, and for the incredible logo design!

Thank you Mike Stock (mikeastock) for setting up Travis CI!

Thanks for the reserved words pull request @madsflensted!

A huge thanks to @xtian for doing the vast majority of the 0.19 upgrade work! :tada:

Thank you Josh Adams (@knewter) for the code example for Subscriptions with Elixir/Absinthe wired up through Elm ports!

Thank you Romario for adding OptionalArgument.map!

Thank you Aaron White for your pull request to improve the performance and stability of the elm-format step! 🎉

Roadmap

All core features are supported. That is, you can build any query or mutation with your dillonkearns/elm-graphql-generated code, and it is guaranteed to be valid according to your server's schema.

dillonkearns/elm-graphql will generate code for you to generate subscriptions and decode the responses, but it doesn't deal with the low-level details for how to send them over web sockets. To do that, you will need to use custom code or a package that knows how to communicate over websockets (or whichever protocol) to setup a subscription with your particular framework. See this discussion for why those details are not handled by this library directly.

I would love to hear feedback if you are using GraphQL Subscriptions. In particular, I'd love to see live code examples to drive any improvements to the Subscriptions design. Please ping me on Slack, drop a message in the #graphql channel, or open up a Github issue to discuss!

I would like to investigate generating helpers to make pagination simpler for Connections (based on the Relay Cursor Connections Specification). If you have ideas on this chime in on this thread.

See the full roadmap on Trello.


Author: dillonkearns
Source Code: https://github.com/dillonkearns/elm-graphql
License: View license

#graphql 

Dexter  Goodwin

Dexter Goodwin

1650394920

Webpack: A Bundler for Javascript and Friends

webpack

Webpack is a module bundler. Its main purpose is to bundle JavaScript files for usage in a browser, yet it is also capable of transforming, bundling, or packaging just about any resource or asset.

Install

Install with npm:

npm install --save-dev webpack

Install with yarn:

yarn add webpack --dev

Introduction

Webpack is a bundler for modules. The main purpose is to bundle JavaScript files for usage in a browser, yet it is also capable of transforming, bundling, or packaging just about any resource or asset.

TL;DR

  • Bundles ES Modules, CommonJS, and AMD modules (even combined).
  • Can create a single bundle or multiple chunks that are asynchronously loaded at runtime (to reduce initial loading time).
  • Dependencies are resolved during compilation, reducing the runtime size.
  • Loaders can preprocess files while compiling, e.g. TypeScript to JavaScript, Handlebars strings to compiled functions, images to Base64, etc.
  • Highly modular plugin system to do whatever else your application requires.

Get Started

Check out webpack's quick Get Started guide and the other guides.

Browser Compatibility

Webpack supports all browsers that are ES5-compliant (IE8 and below are not supported). Webpack also needs Promise for import() and require.ensure(). If you want to support older browsers, you will need to load a polyfill before using these expressions.

Concepts

Plugins

Webpack has a rich plugin interface. Most of the features within webpack itself use this plugin interface. This makes webpack very flexible.

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
[mini-css-extract-plugin][mini-css]![mini-css-npm]![mini-css-size]Extracts CSS into separate files. It creates a CSS file per JS file which contains CSS.
[compression-webpack-plugin][compression]![compression-npm]![compression-size]Prepares compressed versions of assets to serve them with Content-Encoding
[html-webpack-plugin][html-plugin]![html-plugin-npm]![html-plugin-size]Simplifies creation of HTML files (index.html) to serve your bundles

Loaders

Webpack enables the use of loaders to preprocess files. This allows you to bundle any static resource way beyond JavaScript. You can easily write your own loaders using Node.js.

Loaders are activated by using loadername! prefixes in require() statements, or are automatically applied via regex from your webpack configuration.

Files

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
[val-loader][val]![val-npm]![val-size]Executes code as module and considers exports as JS code

JSON

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
![cson-npm]![cson-size]Loads and transpiles a CSON file

Transpiling

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
![babel-npm]![babel-size]Loads ES2015+ code and transpiles to ES5 using Babel
![type-npm]![type-size]Loads TypeScript like JavaScript
![coffee-npm]![coffee-size]Loads CoffeeScript like JavaScript

Templating

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
![html-npm]![html-size]Exports HTML as string, requires references to static resources
![pug-npm]![pug-size]Loads Pug templates and returns a function
![md-npm]![md-size]Compiles Markdown to HTML
![posthtml-npm]![posthtml-size]Loads and transforms a HTML file using PostHTML
![hbs-npm]![hbs-size]Compiles Handlebars to HTML

Styling

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
<style>![style-npm]![style-size]Add exports of a module as style to DOM
![css-npm]![css-size]Loads CSS file with resolved imports and returns CSS code
![less-npm]![less-size]Loads and compiles a LESS file
![sass-npm]![sass-size]Loads and compiles a Sass/SCSS file
![stylus-npm]![stylus-size]Loads and compiles a Stylus file
![postcss-npm]![postcss-size]Loads and transforms a CSS/SSS file using PostCSS

Frameworks

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
![vue-npm]![vue-size]Loads and compiles Vue Components
![polymer-npm]![polymer-size]Process HTML & CSS with preprocessor of choice and require() Web Components like first-class modules
![angular-npm]![angular-size]Loads and compiles Angular 2 Components
![riot-npm]![riot-size]Riot official webpack loader

Performance

Webpack uses async I/O and has multiple caching levels. This makes webpack fast and incredibly fast on incremental compilations.

Module Formats

Webpack supports ES2015+, CommonJS and AMD modules out of the box. It performs clever static analysis on the AST of your code. It even has an evaluation engine to evaluate simple expressions. This allows you to support most existing libraries out of the box.

Code Splitting

Webpack allows you to split your codebase into multiple chunks. Chunks are loaded asynchronously at runtime. This reduces the initial loading time.

Optimizations

Webpack can do many optimizations to reduce the output size of your JavaScript by deduplicating frequently used modules, minifying, and giving you full control of what is loaded initially and what is loaded at runtime through code splitting. It can also make your code chunks cache friendly by using hashes.

Contributing

We want contributing to webpack to be fun, enjoyable, and educational for anyone, and everyone. We have a vibrant ecosystem that spans beyond this single repo. We welcome you to check out any of the repositories in our organization or webpack-contrib organization which houses all of our loaders and plugins.

Contributions go far beyond pull requests and commits. Although we love giving you the opportunity to put your stamp on webpack, we also are thrilled to receive a variety of other contributions including:

  • Documentation updates, enhancements, designs, or bugfixes
  • Spelling or grammar fixes
  • README.md corrections or redesigns
  • Adding unit, or functional tests
  • Triaging GitHub issues -- especially determining whether an issue still persists or is reproducible.
  • Searching #webpack on twitter and helping someone else who needs help
  • Teaching others how to contribute to one of the many webpack's repos!
  • Blogging, speaking about, or creating tutorials about one of webpack's many features.
  • Helping others in our webpack gitter channel.

To get started have a look at our documentation on contributing.

If you are worried or don't know where to start, you can always reach out to Sean Larkin (@TheLarkInn) on Twitter or simply submit an issue and a maintainer can help give you guidance!

We have also started a series on our Medium Publication called The Contributor's Guide to webpack. We welcome you to read it and post any questions or responses if you still need help.

Looking to speak about webpack? We'd love to review your talk abstract/CFP! You can email it to webpack [at] opencollective [dot] com and we can give pointers or tips!!!

Creating your own plugins and loaders

If you create a loader or plugin, we would <3 for you to open source it, and put it on npm. We follow the x-loader, x-webpack-plugin naming convention.

Support

We consider webpack to be a low-level tool used not only individually but also layered beneath other awesome tools. Because of its flexibility, webpack isn't always the easiest entry-level solution, however we do believe it is the most powerful. That said, we're always looking for ways to improve and simplify the tool without compromising functionality. If you have any ideas on ways to accomplish this, we're all ears!

If you're just getting started, take a look at our new docs and concepts page. This has a high level overview that is great for beginners!!

Looking for webpack 1 docs? Please check out the old wiki, but note that this deprecated version is no longer supported.

If you want to discuss something or just need help, here is our Gitter room where there are always individuals looking to help out!

If you are still having difficulty, we would love for you to post a question to StackOverflow with the webpack tag. It is much easier to answer questions that include your webpack.config.js and relevant files! So if you can provide them, we'd be extremely grateful (and more likely to help you find the answer!)

If you are twitter savvy you can tweet #webpack with your question and someone should be able to reach out and help also.

If you have discovered a 🐜 or have a feature suggestion, feel free to create an issue on Github.

Sponsoring

Most of the core team members, webpack contributors and contributors in the ecosystem do this open source work in their free time. If you use webpack for a serious task, and you'd like us to invest more time on it, please donate. This project increases your income/productivity too. It makes development and applications faster and it reduces the required bandwidth.

This is how we use the donations:

  • Allow the core team to work on webpack
  • Thank contributors if they invested a large amount of time in contributing
  • Support projects in the ecosystem that are of great value for users
  • Support projects that are voted most (work in progress)
  • Infrastructure cost
  • Fees for money handling

Author: Webpack
Source Code: https://github.com/webpack/webpack 
License: MIT License

#webpack #javascript 

Lawrence  Lesch

Lawrence Lesch

1642275180

Webpack: Packs Commonjs/AMD Modules for The Browser

webpack

Webpack is a module bundler. Its main purpose is to bundle JavaScript files for usage in a browser, yet it is also capable of transforming, bundling, or packaging just about any resource or asset.

Table of Contents

  1. Install
  2. Introduction
  3. Concepts
  4. Contributing
  5. Support
  6. Core Team
  7. Sponsoring
  8. Premium Partners
  9. Other Backers and Sponsors
  10. Gold Sponsors
  11. Silver Sponsors
  12. Bronze Sponsors
  13. Backers
  14. Special Thanks

Install

Install with npm:

npm install --save-dev webpack

Install with yarn:

yarn add webpack --dev

Introduction

Webpack is a bundler for modules. The main purpose is to bundle JavaScript files for usage in a browser, yet it is also capable of transforming, bundling, or packaging just about any resource or asset.

TL;DR

  • Bundles ES Modules, CommonJS, and AMD modules (even combined).
  • Can create a single bundle or multiple chunks that are asynchronously loaded at runtime (to reduce initial loading time).
  • Dependencies are resolved during compilation, reducing the runtime size.
  • Loaders can preprocess files while compiling, e.g. TypeScript to JavaScript, Handlebars strings to compiled functions, images to Base64, etc.
  • Highly modular plugin system to do whatever else your application requires.

Get Started

Check out webpack's quick Get Started guide and the other guides.

Browser Compatibility

Webpack supports all browsers that are ES5-compliant (IE8 and below are not supported). Webpack also needs Promise for import() and require.ensure(). If you want to support older browsers, you will need to load a polyfill before using these expressions.

Concepts

Plugins

Webpack has a rich plugin interface. Most of the features within webpack itself use this plugin interface. This makes webpack very flexible.

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
mini-css-extract-pluginmini-css-npmmini-css-sizeExtracts CSS into separate files. It creates a CSS file per JS file which contains CSS.
compression-webpack-plugincompression-npmcompression-sizePrepares compressed versions of assets to serve them with Content-Encoding
html-webpack-pluginhtml-plugin-npmhtml-plugin-sizeSimplifies creation of HTML files (index.html) to serve your bundles

Loaders

Webpack enables the use of loaders to preprocess files. This allows you to bundle any static resource way beyond JavaScript. You can easily write your own loaders using Node.js.

Loaders are activated by using loadername! prefixes in require() statements, or are automatically applied via regex from your webpack configuration.

Files

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
val-loaderval-npmval-sizeExecutes code as module and considers exports as JS code

JSON

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
cson-npmcson-sizeLoads and transpiles a CSON file

Transpiling

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
babel-npmbabel-sizeLoads ES2015+ code and transpiles to ES5 using Babel
type-npmtype-sizeLoads TypeScript like JavaScript
coffee-npmcoffee-sizeLoads CoffeeScript like JavaScript

Templating

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
html-npmhtml-sizeExports HTML as string, requires references to static resources
pug-npmpug-sizeLoads Pug templates and returns a function
md-npmmd-sizeCompiles Markdown to HTML
posthtml-npmposthtml-sizeLoads and transforms a HTML file using PostHTML
hbs-npmhbs-sizeCompiles Handlebars to HTML

Styling

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
<style>style-npmstyle-sizeAdd exports of a module as style to DOM
css-npmcss-sizeLoads CSS file with resolved imports and returns CSS code
less-npmless-sizeLoads and compiles a LESS file
sass-npmsass-sizeLoads and compiles a Sass/SCSS file
stylus-npmstylus-sizeLoads and compiles a Stylus file
postcss-npmpostcss-sizeLoads and transforms a CSS/SSS file using PostCSS

Frameworks

NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
vue-npmvue-sizeLoads and compiles Vue Components
polymer-npmpolymer-sizeProcess HTML & CSS with preprocessor of choice and require() Web Components like first-class modules
angular-npmangular-sizeLoads and compiles Angular 2 Components
riot-npmriot-sizeRiot official webpack loader

Performance

Webpack uses async I/O and has multiple caching levels. This makes webpack fast and incredibly fast on incremental compilations.

Module Formats

Webpack supports ES2015+, CommonJS and AMD modules out of the box. It performs clever static analysis on the AST of your code. It even has an evaluation engine to evaluate simple expressions. This allows you to support most existing libraries out of the box.

Code Splitting

Webpack allows you to split your codebase into multiple chunks. Chunks are loaded asynchronously at runtime. This reduces the initial loading time.

Optimizations

Webpack can do many optimizations to reduce the output size of your JavaScript by deduplicating frequently used modules, minifying, and giving you full control of what is loaded initially and what is loaded at runtime through code splitting. It can also make your code chunks cache friendly by using hashes.

Contributing

We want contributing to webpack to be fun, enjoyable, and educational for anyone, and everyone. We have a vibrant ecosystem that spans beyond this single repo. We welcome you to check out any of the repositories in our organization or webpack-contrib organization which houses all of our loaders and plugins.

Contributions go far beyond pull requests and commits. Although we love giving you the opportunity to put your stamp on webpack, we also are thrilled to receive a variety of other contributions including:

  • Documentation updates, enhancements, designs, or bugfixes
  • Spelling or grammar fixes
  • README.md corrections or redesigns
  • Adding unit, or functional tests
  • Triaging GitHub issues -- especially determining whether an issue still persists or is reproducible.
  • Searching #webpack on twitter and helping someone else who needs help
  • Teaching others how to contribute to one of the many webpack's repos!
  • Blogging, speaking about, or creating tutorials about one of webpack's many features.
  • Helping others in our webpack gitter channel.

To get started have a look at our documentation on contributing.

If you are worried or don't know where to start, you can always reach out to Sean Larkin (@TheLarkInn) on Twitter or simply submit an issue and a maintainer can help give you guidance!

We have also started a series on our Medium Publication called The Contributor's Guide to webpack. We welcome you to read it and post any questions or responses if you still need help.

Looking to speak about webpack? We'd love to review your talk abstract/CFP! You can email it to webpack [at] opencollective [dot] com and we can give pointers or tips!!!

Creating your own plugins and loaders

If you create a loader or plugin, we would <3 for you to open source it, and put it on npm. We follow the x-loader, x-webpack-plugin naming convention.

Support

We consider webpack to be a low-level tool used not only individually but also layered beneath other awesome tools. Because of its flexibility, webpack isn't always the easiest entry-level solution, however we do believe it is the most powerful. That said, we're always looking for ways to improve and simplify the tool without compromising functionality. If you have any ideas on ways to accomplish this, we're all ears!

If you're just getting started, take a look at our new docs and concepts page. This has a high level overview that is great for beginners!!

Looking for webpack 1 docs? Please check out the old wiki, but note that this deprecated version is no longer supported.

If you want to discuss something or just need help, here is our Gitter room where there are always individuals looking to help out!

If you are still having difficulty, we would love for you to post a question to StackOverflow with the webpack tag. It is much easier to answer questions that include your webpack.config.js and relevant files! So if you can provide them, we'd be extremely grateful (and more likely to help you find the answer!)

If you are twitter savvy you can tweet #webpack with your question and someone should be able to reach out and help also.

If you have discovered a 🐜 or have a feature suggestion, feel free to create an issue on Github.

Author: Webpack
Source Code: https://github.com/webpack/webpack 
License: MIT License

#webpack #javascript 

Delbert  Ferry

Delbert Ferry

1622105190

How to use GraphQL with Javascript – GraphQL.js tutorial

One of the fastest ways to get up and running with GraphQL is to install Apollo Server as middleware on your new or existing HTTP server.

In this short post, we demonstrate how to use Apollo Server to create a GraphQL server with Express.js using the [apollo-server-express] package. At the end, we’ll discuss the tradeoffs of this approach.

#graphql #javascript #graphql.js #graphql.js tutorial