The main differences between Flexbox and CSS Grid

The main differences between Flexbox and CSS Grid

Dimensions define the primary demarcation between Flexbox and CSS Grid. Flexbox was designed specifically for one-dimensional layouts, while CSS Grid is engineered to enable two-dimensional layouts. Therefore, CSS Grid can easily render rows and columns simultaneously.

Dimensions define the primary demarcation between Flexbox and CSS Grid. Flexbox was designed specifically for one-dimensional layouts, while CSS Grid is engineered to enable two-dimensional layouts. Therefore, CSS Grid can easily render rows and columns simultaneously.

In layperson’s terms, CSS Grid presents a larger canvas, while Flexbox offers minute functionality that operates in a restricted space. The grids have been designed for a two-dimensional organization.

However, the two specifications share some common points, and if you know how to use flexible boxes, you will find some concepts that will help you to grasp CSS grids.

In this article, we’ll go through the main differences between Grid and Flexbox, summarized as follows:

  • Flexbox is designed for one-dimensional layouts, and Grid for two-dimensional layouts.
  • The approach of CSS Grid is the layout first, while the Flexbox approach is primarily the content.
  • The Flexbox layout is best suited to application components and small-scale layouts, while the Grid layout is designed for larger-scale layouts that are not linear in design.

Getting to know Flexbox and Grid

The one-dimensional Flexbox

CSS Flexible Box Layout (or Flexbox) allows designers to position responsive elements appropriately within screens of different sizes. The tools include:

  • Flexbox is designed for one-dimensional layouts, and Grid for two-dimensional layouts.
  • The approach of CSS Grid is the layout first, while the Flexbox approach is primarily the content.
  • The Flexbox layout is best suited to application components and small-scale layouts, while the Grid layout is designed for larger-scale layouts that are not linear in design.

Flexbox is popular among front-end developers, since it allows developers to create multiple instances of dynamic layouts and effortlessly align content within containers.

The flexible box module has been designed as a one-dimensional presentation model and as a method that can provide space distribution between interface elements and powerful alignment functions. When we describe the flexbox as one-dimensional, we describe the fact that flexbox processes layouts in one dimension at a time, as a row or column. This can be compared to the two-dimensional model of the CSS grid layout, which controls columns and rows together.

<div class=”wrapper”>
 <div>One</div>
 <div>Two</div>
 <div>Three</div>
 <div>Four</div>
 <div>Five</div>
</div>
.wrapper {
 width: 500px;
 display: flex;
 flex-wrap: wrap;
}
.wrapper > div {
 flex: 1 1 150px;
}

Pros:

  • Flexbox is designed for one-dimensional layouts, and Grid for two-dimensional layouts.
  • The approach of CSS Grid is the layout first, while the Flexbox approach is primarily the content.
  • The Flexbox layout is best suited to application components and small-scale layouts, while the Grid layout is designed for larger-scale layouts that are not linear in design.

Cons:

  • Flexbox is designed for one-dimensional layouts, and Grid for two-dimensional layouts.
  • The approach of CSS Grid is the layout first, while the Flexbox approach is primarily the content.
  • The Flexbox layout is best suited to application components and small-scale layouts, while the Grid layout is designed for larger-scale layouts that are not linear in design.

The two-dimensional Grid

CSS Grid aligns items in columns and rows, allowing developers to easily control the rendering and appearance of large layouts and whole pages meant for the desktop, tablet, and smartphone displays.

Items are placed inside the cells defined by the grid. Creating and defining the overall layouts remains the strong suit for CSS Grid. Internet Explorer, Chrome, Safari, Edge, and Firefox support Grid. Notably, Opera Mini, Blackberry Browser, QQ Browser, and Baidu Browser does not support Grid.

It offers automation to create a layout, or define automatic placement rules that perform placements inside a given grid.

<div class=”wrapper”>
 <div>One</div>
 <div>Two</div>
 <div>Three</div>
 <div>Four</div>
 <div>Five</div>
</div>
.wrapper {
 display: grid;
 grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 1fr);
}

Pros:

  • Flexbox is designed for one-dimensional layouts, and Grid for two-dimensional layouts.
  • The approach of CSS Grid is the layout first, while the Flexbox approach is primarily the content.
  • The Flexbox layout is best suited to application components and small-scale layouts, while the Grid layout is designed for larger-scale layouts that are not linear in design.

Cons:

  • Flexbox is designed for one-dimensional layouts, and Grid for two-dimensional layouts.
  • The approach of CSS Grid is the layout first, while the Flexbox approach is primarily the content.
  • The Flexbox layout is best suited to application components and small-scale layouts, while the Grid layout is designed for larger-scale layouts that are not linear in design.

Differences Between Flex and Grid

Dimensionality and Flexibility

Flexbox offers greater control over alignment and space distribution between items. Being one-dimensional, Flexbox only deals with either columns or rows. This system works for smaller layouts, but cannot render complex displays such as text or document-centric properties that enable floats and columns.

Grid has two-dimension layout capabilities which allow flexible widths as a unit of length. This compensates for the limitations in Flex.

Alignment

Flexbox allows fine-tuning of alignments to ensure exact specification sharing. Flex Direction allows developers to align elements vertically or horizontally, which is used when developers create and reverse rows or columns.

For broader alignments in both dimensions simultaneously, CSS Grid deploys fractional measure units for grid fluidity and auto-keyword functionality to automatically adjust columns or rows. The in-built automation saves developers from re-work regimes that may potentially originate in confused calculations.

Item Management

Flex Container is the parent element while Flex Item represents the children. The Flex Container can ensure balanced representation by adjusting item dimensions. This allows developers to design for fluctuating screen sizes.

For fine-tuning this aesthetic, Grid supports both implicit and explicit content placement. Its inbuilt automation allows it to automatically extend line items and copy values into the new creation from the preceding item.

Conclusion

Flexbox and CSS Grid both allow a powerful measure of control over their respective domains of front-end development. However, their capabilities are exponentiated when they are combined, utilizing their respective strengths to create an extremely fluid, customizable, beautiful, smooth, and simple experience.

Combining their code also results in a more lightweight setup where abstraction in both domains spills over into the other. There are vast applications to both options, and even more when they are combined into a powerful setup.

Learn more about relationship of grid layout to other layout methods here.

Design Patterns for Beginners with real-world Examples

Design Patterns for Beginners with real-world Examples

Design Patterns for Beginners with real-world Examples. When do you use Design Patterns? How do you implement different Design Patterns in Java? What are Design Patterns? Why do you use Design Patterns? What are the different types of Design Patterns? When do you use Design Patterns? What are the real-world examples for Design Patterns.

Design Patterns tutorial explained in simple words using real-world examples.

TABLE OF CONTENT

  • 0:00:00 Introduction
  • 0:01:40 What are Design Patterns?
  • 0:04:15 How to Take This Course
  • 0:05:50 The Essentials
  • 0:06:53 Getting Started with Java
  • 0:09:23 Classes
  • 0:13:34 Coupling
  • 0:15:34 Interfaces
  • 0:21:17 Encapsulation
  • 0:26:25 Abstraction
  • 0:30:33 Inheritance
  • 0:32:55 Polymorphism
  • 0:36:42 UML
  • 0:40:52 Memento Pattern
  • 0:42:43 Solution
  • 0:48:31 Implementation
  • 0:54:22 State Pattern
  • 0:59:46 Solution
  • 1:02:59 Implementation
  • 1:09:31 Abusing the Design Patterns
  • 1:11:18 Abusing the State Pattern

Java Design Patterns for Beginners - Design Patterns in Java

Java Design Patterns for Beginners - Design Patterns in Java

"Java Design Patterns for Beginners - Design Patterns in Java - Design Patterns Tutorial" will provide you with detailed knowledge about Java Design Patterns and along with it. Why do we need Design Patterns? Structure of Design Patterns. Types of Design Patterns. Creational Design Patterns. Factory Design Pattern. Overview of Design Patterns

This Edureka video on "Java Design Patterns for Beginners - Design Patterns in Java" will provide you with detailed knowledge about Java Design Patterns and along with it, This video will also cover some real-time examples of some important Design Patterns in Java, in order to provide you with a deep understanding about their functionality. This video will cover the following topics:

  • 00:32 Why do we need Design Patterns?
  • 01:35 Structure of Design Patterns
  • 03:56 Types of Design Patterns
  • 04:15 Creational Design Patterns
  • 04:45 Factory Design Pattern
  • 06:35 Singleton Design Design Pattern
  • 10:10 Structural Design Patterns
  • 10:47 Facade Design Pattern
  • 12:14 Adapter Design Pattern
  • 14:15 Behavioral Design Patterns
  • 14:52 Strategy Design Pattern
  • 16:25 Command Design Pattern
  • 18:15 Observer Design Pattern
  • 19:37 JEE Design Patterns
  • 20:14 MVC Design Pattern
  • 22:00 DAO Design Pattern
  • 23:20 Overview of Design Patterns

JavaScript Design Patterns - Command Pattern

JavaScript Design Patterns - Command Pattern

JavaScript Design Patterns - Command Pattern. Command pattern is a data driven design pattern and falls under behavioral pattern category. What's the command pattern. Why the command pattern is important. How to implement the command pattern in JavaScript. When to use the command pattern. The idea of the command pattern is to create an abstraction between the operations an object can do, its commands, and the actual commands themselves

The command pattern is probably my favorite design pattern, because of all the fun things you can do with it. The idea of the command pattern is to create an abstraction between the operations an object can do, its commands, and the actual commands themselves. This makes it really easy to combine together or chain different commands without having to change the code. The program can dynamically chain and combine these actions. The best part is since each command is its own object you can easily implement and undo function for each command and make a set of undo-able actions.

🧠 Concepts Covered:

  • What the command pattern is
  • Why the command pattern is important
  • How to implement the command pattern in JavaScript
  • When to use the command pattern