Laravel 6 CRUD using Ajax

Laravel 6 CRUD using Ajax

In this post, I will guide you step by step Ajax CRUD Operations in Laravel 6

Step 1: Install the laravel project using the command line.

laravel new laravel_ajax

Step 2: open project in code and use vs code terminal.

*Step 3: find .env file in root directory than setup database configuration. *

 DB_CONNECTION=mysql 
 DB_HOST=127.0.0.1 
 DB_PORT=3306 
 DB_DATABASE=database_name
 DB_USERNAME=database_username
 DB_PASSWORD=database_password

Step 4: run Migration command

php artisan make:migration create_books_table

Now go to app/datatabase/migrations and open books migration file and put code within migration file app/database/timestamp_create_books_table.php the below code here :

<?php
public function up()
 {
     Schema::create('books', function (Blueprint $table) {
         $table->increments('id');
         $table->string('title')->nullable();
         $table->string('author')->nullable();
         $table->timestamps();
     });
 }

Step 5: Next migrate the table using the below command :

 php artisan migrate

** Step 6: Now create a model and controller within the same command**

 php artisan make:controller BooksController --resource

*Step 7: Now open model input below code. *

Path: app/Book.php

<?php

namespace App;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Book extends Model
{
    protected $fillable = [
        'title', 'author'
    ];
}

Step 8: Now open BookController and put below code for all crud operation.

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Book;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use DataTables;

class BookController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index(Request $request)
    {

        if ($request->ajax()) {
            $data = Book::latest()->get();
            return Datatables::of($data)
                    ->addIndexColumn()
                    ->addColumn('action', function($row){

                           $btn = '<a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="tooltip"  data-id="'.$row->id.'" data-original-title="Edit" class="edit btn btn-primary btn-sm editBook">Edit</a>';

                           $btn = $btn.' <a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="tooltip"  data-id="'.$row->id.'" data-original-title="Delete" class="btn btn-danger btn-sm deleteBook">Delete</a>';

                            return $btn;
                    })
                    ->rawColumns(['action'])
                    ->make(true);
        }

        return view('book',compact('books'));
    }

    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        Book::updateOrCreate(['id' => $request->book_id],
                ['title' => $request->title, 'author' => $request->author]);        

        return response()->json(['success'=>'Book saved successfully.']);
    }
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Book  $book
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit($id)
    {
        $book = Book::find($id);
        return response()->json($book);
    }

    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Book  $book
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy($id)
    {
        Book::find($id)->delete();

        return response()->json(['success'=>'Book deleted successfully.']);
    }
}

Step 9: Create a view within resources/views folder.

Now we will create a blade file with the name of book.blade.php. here we will implement books list with data tables. bootstrap modal form and edit books details.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Laravel 6 Crud operation using ajax(Real Programmer)</title>
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" />
    <link href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.16/css/jquery.dataTables.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/css/dataTables.bootstrap4.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>

<div class="container">
    <h1>Laravel 6 Crud with Ajax</h1>
    <a class="btn btn-success" href="javascript:void(0)" id="createNewBook"> Create New Book</a>
    <table class="table table-bordered data-table">
        <thead>
            <tr>
                <th>No</th>
                <th>Title</th>
                <th>Author</th>
                <th width="300px">Action</th>
            </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
        </tbody>
    </table>
</div>

<div class="modal fade" id="ajaxModel" aria-hidden="true">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h4 class="modal-title" id="modelHeading"></h4>
            </div>
            <div class="modal-body">
                <form id="bookForm" name="bookForm" class="form-horizontal">
                   <input type="hidden" name="book_id" id="book_id">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Title</label>
                        <div class="col-sm-12">
                            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="title" name="title" placeholder="Enter Title" value="" maxlength="50" required="">
                        </div>
                    </div>

                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label class="col-sm-2 control-label">Details</label>
                        <div class="col-sm-12">
                            <textarea id="author" name="author" required="" placeholder="Enter Author" class="form-control"></textarea>
                        </div>
                    </div>

                    <div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-10">
                     <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="saveBtn" value="create">Save changes
                     </button>
                    </div>
                </form>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

   <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.js"></script>  
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery-validate/1.19.0/jquery.validate.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.16/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/js/dataTables.bootstrap4.min.js"></script>  
<script type="text/javascript">
  $(function () {
      $.ajaxSetup({
          headers: {
              'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
          }
    });
    var table = $('.data-table').DataTable({
        processing: true,
        serverSide: true,
        ajax: "{{ route('ajaxbooks.index') }}",
        columns: [
            {data: 'DT_RowIndex', name: 'DT_RowIndex'},
            {data: 'title', name: 'title'},
            {data: 'author', name: 'author'},
            {data: 'action', name: 'action', orderable: false, searchable: false},
        ]
    });
    $('#createNewBook').click(function () {
        $('#saveBtn').val("create-book");
        $('#book_id').val('');
        $('#bookForm').trigger("reset");
        $('#modelHeading').html("Create New Book");
        $('#ajaxModel').modal('show');
    });
    $('body').on('click', '.editBook', function () {
      var book_id = $(this).data('id');
      $.get("{{ route('ajaxbooks.index') }}" +'/' + book_id +'/edit', function (data) {
          $('#modelHeading').html("Edit Book");
          $('#saveBtn').val("edit-book");
          $('#ajaxModel').modal('show');
          $('#book_id').val(data.id);
          $('#title').val(data.title);
          $('#author').val(data.author);
      })
   });
    $('#saveBtn').click(function (e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        $(this).html('Save');

        $.ajax({
          data: $('#bookForm').serialize(),
          url: "{{ route('ajaxbooks.store') }}",
          type: "POST",
          dataType: 'json',
          success: function (data) {

              $('#bookForm').trigger("reset");
              $('#ajaxModel').modal('hide');
              table.draw();

          },
          error: function (data) {
              console.log('Error:', data);
              $('#saveBtn').html('Save Changes');
          }
      });
    });

    $('body').on('click', '.deleteBook', function () {

        var book_id = $(this).data("id");
        confirm("Are You sure want to delete !");

        $.ajax({
            type: "DELETE",
            url: "{{ route('ajaxbooks.store') }}"+'/'+book_id,
            success: function (data) {
                table.draw();
            },
            error: function (data) {
                console.log('Error:', data);
            }
        });
    });

  });
</script>
</body>
</html>

Step 10: Create route and route will contain multiple methods like create update delete using resource.

Route::resource('books', 'BookController');

Step 11: Start Development Server

we will use the php artisan serve command. than it will start your server.

 php artisan serve

 php artisan serve --port=8080  

http://127.0.0.1:8000/books

if you want to run a server in a different port than you can run below command.

php artisan serve --port=8080  

http://127.0.0.1:8000/books

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