Laravel 5.8 Tutorial from Scratch for Beginners

Laravel 5.8 Tutorial from Scratch for Beginners

In this articke, we will make a basic todo application with Laravel 5.8. You will be learning all the basic and important parts of this framework.

In this articke, we will make a basic todo application with Laravel 5.8. You will be learning all the basic and important parts of this framework.

Let’s get started.

Laravel 5.8 From Scratch: Intro, Setup , MVC Basics, and Views.

What You Will Learn In This Series

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.

Introduction

Laravel is the most popular PHP framework built by Taylor Otwell and community. It uses MVC architecture pattern. It provides a lot of features like a complete Authentication System, Database Migrations , A Powerful ORM, Pagination, and so on. Before creating the application, you will need to have PHP 7.2 and MySQL (we are not using apache in this series) and composer installed. I use xampp which is a package that comes with PHP, MySQL, and Apache. Composer is a dependency manager for PHP. It’s similar to npm which is a dependency manager for Javascript. Also, read the server requirements for laravel if you run into installation errors.

Installation

Laravel provides an installer which can be used for creating Laravel projects. It can be install with composer:

composer global require "laravel/installer"

Now we can create our laravel project with:

laravel new myapp

Above command will create our project. We can also use composer to create a laravel project (which I do):

composer create-project laravel/laravel myapp

MVC

A Model is used to interact with the database and of course it does not have to be a database. It could be a JSON File or some other resource. A Controller contains the logic e.g how to validate form data and save a resource to the database by interacting through Model. View is the User Interface (UI) of the application that contains HTML or the presentation markup. It can also have logic e.g loops and conditionals. Template engines are used to embed logic in Views. Laravel has Blade template engine that is used for adding logic inside the views. you can read more about MVC at wikipedia.

Directory Structure

Let’s look at the basic folder structure of laravel application e.g where are Views, Models, and Controllers etc.

Routes

In laravel, there are two routes file web.php and api.php. web.php file is used for registering all the web routes like mywebsite.com/about or mywebsite.com/contact. api.php is used for registering all the routes related to an api. We are only using web routes so don’t worry about any api routes.

Controllers and Models

Models are stored in app directory and there is a default user model that comes with laravel for authentication purposes. app\Http\Controllers has all the controllers and there are some default controllers for authentication.

Views

Views can be found in resources/views and welcome.blade.php is a default view provided by laravel. Laravel views have a .blade.php extension so whenever you create a view don’t forget to add the blade extension. resources/sass has all sass files and js has vuejs components and bootstrap files (we won’t talk about that).

Other Directories

You can put your css, js, and all other static assets in public directory. Config directory has all the configuration files related to our application like database, session, and other configurations (we will talk about config in the next tutorial). There are other directories but you don’t need to worry about that.

Starting the Development Server

Since the root directory of the project is public, we will have to create a virtual host but instead of creating a virtual host, I want to make it simple by using Laravel development server with command (you should be inside the root of your project directory):

php artisan serve

This will start the development server on port 8000. By any chance, if you can’t use that port then you can use **— **port flag to specify a different port:

php artisan serve --port=8080

Routes and Controllers

Routing is a mechanism by which requests (as specified by a URL and HTTP method) are routed to the code that handles them and that code in MVC is a controller method. e.g / will be your home and /about will be your about page. If you open up the web.php file, you will see just one route:

<?php

Route::get('/', function () {
    return view('welcome');
});

We have a ‘/’ route that uses a callback/closure making a GET request that returns a view named welcome. In a route, the first parameter is the url and the second parameter can be a callback or controller action. Let’s create a controller named PagesController and update our route. In laravel, we have the ability to name our routes which comes in handy when you change the url later on. We will define two routes for our index page and about page:

<?php

// syntax: '[email protected]'

Route::get('/','[email protected]')->name('pages.index');
Route::get('/about','[email protected]')->name('pages.about');

GET method is used for retrieving data from the server. In our case we will always use GET routes for displaying a plain view or a view with data. With GET method we can pass data to the query string e.g search term or date range for a report but you should not insert sensitive data like email or password since it’s visible in the URL. For passing sensitive data to the server (when we submit a form), we use POST method because the data is sent in the request body. There are other request methods but the most commonly used are GET and POST. PUT method is used for updating data and DELETE for deleting data.

We need to create that PagesController and we can do that by typing this command:

php artisan make:controller PagesController

Laravel uses autoloading and all the classes are namespaced so if you want to create a controller inside a sub-directory then you should use artisan(It will create the directory if it does not exist):

php artisan make:controller Admin/LoginController

Above command will create a LoginController inside a sub-directory called Admin. Most of the stuff can be done through artisan which is a command line tool that comes with laravel. You can create models, controllers, migrations and other files with artisan.

Let’s open the PagesController located in app\Http\Controllers:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class PagesController extends Controller
{
    //
}

It has a class PagesController that’s extending Controller class which will provide us all the controller functionality. It also has a Request class imported with “use” statement which is used to access form data and validation. In this controller, we need two methods namely index and about, both will return views. let’s add them:

public function index(){
    return view('pages.index');
}

public function about(){
    return view('pages.about');
}

Index method is returning index view stored inside the pages folder and about method is returning a view named about. In laravel, you don’t have to specify view extension and if you have a view inside a folder e.g index view inside posts folder then use dots like view(‘posts.index’).

Also If you want to see the list of all the registered routes in your application then type the below artisan command:

php artisan route:list

Views

First of all, we will create a layout file which will have all the markup that gets repeated by views e.g doctype, head, and body tags. Usually, layout files are stored in layouts folder in views directory, named app (you can name it whatever you want). let’s create an app.blade.php file after creating layouts folder and add this markup:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{asset('css/app.css')}}"> {{-- <- bootstrap css --}}

    <title>@yield('title','Laravel 5.8 Basics')</title>
</head>
<body>

    {{-- That's how you write a comment in blade --}}
    
    @include('inc.navbar')
    
    <main class="container mt-4">
        @yield('content')
    </main>

    @include('inc.footer')

    <script src="{{asset('js/app.js')}}"></script> {{-- <- bootstrap and jquery --}}
    
</body>
</html>

Blade directives start with “@” symbol. @include() is used for including a separate view file. As you can see inc is the name of the folder and navbar is the name of the view. @yield() will output the content of the view section that’s extending this layout. Double curly braces “{{}}” are used for echoing a variable or calling a helper function. Asset() helper is used for generating URLs to public assets stored in public directory like CSS, Images, and Javascript. Note that laravel comes with bootstrap 4 and that’s what we are including.

Let’s create navbar.blade.php in inc folder and add the markup:

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-md navbar-light navbar-laravel">
    <div class="container">
        <a class="navbar-brand" href="{{ url('/') }}">
            {{ config('app.name', 'Laravel') }}
        </a>
        <button class="navbar-toggler" type="button" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#navbarSupportedContent" aria-controls="navbarSupportedContent" aria-expanded="false" aria-label="{{ __('Toggle navigation') }}">
            <span class="navbar-toggler-icon"></span>
        </button>

        <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="navbarSupportedContent">
            <!-- Left Side Of Navbar -->
            <ul class="navbar-nav mr-auto">
                <li class="nav-item">
                    <a href="{{route('pages.index')}}" class="nav-link">Home</a>
                </li>
                <li class="nav-item">
                    <a href="{{route('pages.about')}}" class="nav-link">About</a>
                </li>
            </ul>

            <!-- Right Side Of Navbar -->
            <ul class="navbar-nav ml-auto">
            </ul>
        </div>
    </div>
</nav>

Inside the navbar we are using url() helper which is used for generating application urls. route() function is used to generate urls of named routes. config() is used for retrieving values from files inside the config folder, app.name will return “name” value from the app.php config file, second parameter is a fallback value or else it will return null. You can use dot syntax for accessing values inside of an array e.g config(‘file.array.string’,’fallback value’).

Now whenever you create a view just add the below lines of code. All the content of your page will be inside the @section directive.

@extends('layouts.app')
@section('content')
  My Page Content
@endsection

Index.blade.php view inside the pages folder will have the following markup:

@extends('layouts.app')
@section('content')
    <h2 class="mt-5 mb-3 text-center">Laravel 5.8 For Beginners!</h2>
    <p class="text-center">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit Aut.</p>
@endsection

And for the about.blade.php view:

@extends('layouts.app')

@section('title')
Laravel 5.8 Basics | About Page
@endsection

@section('content')
    <h3>About Page</h3>
    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit, amet consectetur adipisicing elit.</p>
@endsection

As you have noticed, we have a @yield directive inside the title html tag and we are defining the section inside our about view so when you will access the about page from the browser you will see that the title on the browser tab is changed.

In the next tutorial, we will talk about accessing and updating config values from .env file then we will create, read, update, and delete todos with MySQL database.

Source code till this tutorial HERE | complete project HERE

Laravel 5.8 From Scratch: Config, ENV, Migrations, and Todos CRUD

In this tutorial, we will talk about Models, Database Migrations and make CRUD (CRUD means Create, Read, Update, and Delete from a database) operations on todos table with MySQL.

.ENV File

Before creating migrations, We will need to setup our database, assuming you know how to create a database using phpmyadmin. After creating the database, we will add the database credentials in our application. Laravel has a **.**env environment file which will have all the sensitive data like database details, mail driver details, etc because it’s not recommended to store such information directly inside the code (environment files are not limited to PHP. They are used in all other major frameworks). Values inside the **.**env files are loaded inside the files from the config directory. .env file is located at the root of our application. Let’s take a look at the file (Below is not the complete env file. I have just paste the variables that are important for beginners to know):

#Use double quotes if you have spaces between values e.g APP_NAME="My First Application"
APP_NAME=Laravel #Application name
APP_ENV=local #Application environment, can change to "production"
APP_KEY=your_application_key #Application encryption key
APP_DEBUG=true #Display errors
APP_URL=http://localhost #Application URL
#Supports: MySQL, SQL Server, SQLite, and PostgreSQL.
DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=your_database_name
DB_USERNAME=your_db_username
DB_PASSWORD=your_db_password

All APP values are loaded in config/app.php config file and DB values in config/database.php.

Note: Whenever you making changes to .env file then don’t forget to restart the server ( if you are using laravel dev server) and if you are using a virtual host and changes don’t seem to take effect then just run php artisan config:clear (This command will clear the configuration cache) in your terminal.### Migrations

Since we have setup our database, now let’s take a look at database migrations. Migration are used to store the details about a database table and it’s properties so you don’t have to manually create all the tables by going to the database interface or something like phpmyadmin. We can create migrations using artisan with “make:migration” command:

php artisan make:migration create_todos_table

In laravel, the name of the model has to be singular and the name of the migration should be plural so it can automatically find the table name. You can find these migration files in database/migrations directory. Laravel by default comes with two migrations namely users and password_resets (all migration files are prepended with a timestamp), which are used for authentication. If you want to create a migration but have a different table name in mind then you can explicitly define the table name with “ — create” flag:

php artisan make:migration create_todos_table --create=todos

When you open the create_todos_table.php. You will see two methods, up() and down(). up() is used for creating/updating tables, columns, and indexes. The down() method is used for reversing the operation done by up() method.

<?php
    
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
    
class CreateTodosTable extends Migration
{
    public function up()
    {
       Schema::create('todos', function (Blueprint $table) {
           $table->bigIncrements('id');
           $table->timestamps();
       });
    }
    
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('todos');
    }
}

Inside up() method, We have Schema:create(‘table_name’,callback) method which will be used for creating a new table. Inside the callback, we have $table->bigIncrements(‘id’) which will create an auto_increment integer column with a primary key and argument ‘id’ is the name of the column. Second one is $table->timestamps() which will create two timestamp columns created_at and updated_at. created_at will be filled when a row is created and updated_at when a row is updated. We will add two columns title and body (for the sake of simplicity) but if you want to know the available columns types then see the list.

Schema::create('todos', function (Blueprint $table) {
   $table->bigIncrements('id');
   $table->string('title')->unique(); //unique varchar equivalent column
   $table->text('body'); //text equivalent column
   $table->timestamps();
});

You can also specify length to a string column as the second argument:

$table->string('title',255);

Before running any migration commands we need to add a line of code inside the AppServiceProvider.php which can be found in app/Providers directory. Open the file and inside the boot() method, add this line:

\Schema::defaultStringLength(191);

Above code will set the default length of a string column to 191. Since laravel comes with utf8mb4 charset as default which supports emojis and it’s max length for a unique key is 191. If it exceeds the limit then laravel will generate an error and won’t run migrations. If you want to specify a different charset then you can set it in database.php config file.

To run migrations, We can use “migrate” command:

php artisan migrate

Above command will run the migrations and create all the tables. It will execute the up() method. If you want to reverse the migrations, you can use migrate:rollback command which will execute down() method:

php artisan migrate:rollback

Models

After creating the tables, We will create model that will interact with the database resource (table) e.g Post model for posts table. To create a model we simply need to run make:model command:

php artisan make:model Todo

We can also add -m flag which will create a Model as well as a migration for it.

php artisan make:model Todo -m

Above command will also create a migrating named create_todos_table. You can find all the Models inside the app directory. Let’s open the Todo model.

<?php
    
namespace App;
    
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
    
class Todo extends Model
{
    //
}

We can specify properties to modify the behavior of a model. Let’s start with $table property which is used to specify the name of the table that this model will interact with. By default, It will define the table name as the plural of the model name e.g todos table for Todo model and users table for User model. When you don’t want to use timestamps on your table then you will also have to specify $timestamps property and set it to false in your Model because Laravel expects your table to have created_at and updated_at timestamp columns.

class Todo extends Model
{
    protected $table = 'todos';
        
    public $timestamps = false;
}

Above is just an example, so you don’t need to put it in your code to follow this series.

Todos CRUD

Now all the basic stuff is done, let’s start creating views for our todos and add functionality to our TodosController. We will have 4 views Index, Create, Edit, and Show. So let’s create a folder named todos inside the views directory and create all those four views. After that, we will first create the controller:

php artisan make:controller TodosController --resource

Note that we have also added a — resource flag which will define six methods inside the TodosController namely:

  1. Index (used for displaying a list of Todos)
  2. Create (will show a view with form for creating a Todo)
  3. Store (used for creating a Todo inside the database. Note: create method submits to store method)
  4. Show (will display a specified Todo)
  5. Edit (will show a form for editing a Todo. Form will be filled with the existing Todo data)
  6. Update (Used for updating a Todo inside the database. Note: edit submits to update method)
  7. Destroy (used for deleting a specified Todo)

Note: Whenever you making changes to .env file then don’t forget to restart the server ( if you are using laravel dev server) and if you are using a virtual host and changes don’t seem to take effect then just run php artisan config:clear (This command will clear the configuration cache) in your terminal.
Let’s add the routes to our web.php files:

Route::get('/todos','[email protected]')->name('todos.index');
Route::get('/todos/create','[email protected]')->name('todos.create');
Route::post('/todos','[email protected]')->name('todos.store'); // making a post request
Route::get('/todos/{id}','[email protected]')->name('todos.show');
Route::get('/todos/{id}/edit','[email protected]')->name('todos.edit');
Route::put('/todos/{id}','[email protected]')->name('todos.update'); // making a put request
Route::delete('/todos/{id}','[email protected]')->name('todos.destroy'); // making a delete request

We can pass dynamic parameters with {} brackets and you might have noticed that show, update, and destroy has the same url but different methods so it’s legit. Just like — resource flag, laravel has a method called resource() that will generate all the above routes. You can also use that method instead of specifying them individually like above:

Route::resource('/todos','TodosController');

After defining routes, we need to add the links to our navbar so open the navbar.blade.php view inside the inc folder and update the

that has the links for the right side of our navbar:<!-- Right Side Of Navbar -->
<ul class="navbar-nav ml-auto">
  <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="{{route('todos.index')}}" class="nav-link">Todos</a>
  </li>
  <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="{{route('todos.create')}}" class="nav-link">New Todo</a>
  </li>
</ul>

Displaying Todos

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
public function index()
{
    $todos = Todo::orderBy('created_at','desc')->paginate(8);
    return view('todos.index',[
        'todos' => $todos,
    ]);
}

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
Todo::where('completed',true)->take(8)->get(); // only take 8 todos from the database. <- just an example, we don't have completed column
Todo::where('title','LIKE',"{%}$search_keyword{%}")->get(); // with LIKE operator.
Todo::where('title','LIKE',"{%}$search_keyword{%}")->take(8)->get(); //retrieve only 8 results.
Todo::select(['title','body'])->findOrFail(id); // for specific columns, you can also chain where() with select().
Todo::where('title','value')->whereOr('body','value')->firstOrFail(); // with SQL OR operator
Todo::where('title','value')->whereAnd('body','value')->firstOrFail(); // with SQL AND operator.

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
@extends('layouts.app')
@section('content')
    <h2 class="text-center">All Todos</h2>
    <ul class="list-group py-3 mb-3">
        @forelse($todos as $todo)
            <li class="list-group-item my-2">
                <h5>{{$todo->title}}</h5>
                <p>{{str_limit($todo->body,20)}}</p>
                <small class="float-right">{{$todo->created_at->diffForHumans()}}</small>
                <a href="{{route('todos.show',$todo->id)}}">Read More</a>
            </li>
        @empty
            <h4 class="text-center">No Todos Found!</h4>
        @endforelse
    </ul>
    <div class="d-flex justify-content-center">
        {{$todos->links()}}
    </div>
@endsection

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
php artisan vendor:publish --tag=laravel-pagination

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
{{$todos->links('vendor.pagination.bootstrap-4')}} // bootstrap-4 is the name of the pagination view

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.

Creating A Todo

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
public function create()
{
    return view('todos.create');
}

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
@extends('layouts.app')
@section('content')
    <h3 class="text-center">Create Todo</h3>
    <form action="{{route('todos.store')}}" method="post">
        @csrf
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="title">Todo Title</label>
            <input type="text" name="title" id="title" class="form-control {{$errors->has('title') ? 'is-invalid' : '' }}" value="{{old('title')}}" placeholder="Enter Title">
            @if($errors->has('title'))
                <span class="invalid-feedback">
                    {{$errors->first('title')}}
                </span>
            @endif
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="body">Todo Description</label>
            <textarea name="body" id="body" rows="4" class="form-control {{$errors->has('body') ? 'is-invalid' : ''}}" placeholder="Enter Todo Description">{{old('body')}}</textarea>
            @if($errors->has('body')) {{-- <-check if we have a validation error --}}
                <span class="invalid-feedback">
                    {{$errors->first('body')}} {{-- <- Display the First validation error --}}
                </span>
            @endif
        </div>
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Create</button>
    </form>
@endsection

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.

Note: Whenever you making changes to .env file then don’t forget to restart the server ( if you are using laravel dev server) and if you are using a virtual host and changes don’t seem to take effect then just run php artisan config:clear (This command will clear the configuration cache) in your terminal.* Installing and setting up Laravel locally.

  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
public function store(Request $request)
{
    //validation rules
    $rules = [
        'title' => 'required|string|unique:todos,title|min:2|max:191',
        'body'  => 'required|string|min:5|max:1000',
    ];
    //custom validation error messages
    $messages = [
        'title.unique' => 'Todo title should be unique', //syntax: field_name.rule
    ];
    //First Validate the form data
    $request->validate($rules,$messages);
    //Create a Todo
    $todo        = new Todo;
    $todo->title = $request->title;
    $todo->body  = $request->body;
    $todo->user_id = Auth::id();
    $todo->save(); // save it to the database.
    //Redirect to a specified route with flash message.
    return redirect()
        ->route('todos.index')
        ->with('status','Created a new Todo!');
}

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
$request->input('field_name'); // access an input field
$request->has('field_name'); // check if field exists
$request->title; // dynamically access input fields
request('key') // you can use this global helper if needed inside a view

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
return redirect('/todos'); // to a specific url
return redirect(url('/todos')); // to a specific url with url helper
return redirect(url()->previous()); // to a previous url
return redirect()->back(); // redirect back (same as above)

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
@if(session('status')) {{-- <- If session key exists --}}
    <div class="alert alert-success alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert">
        {{session('status')}} {{-- <- Display the session value --}}
        <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close">
            <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
        </button>
    </div>
@endif
<script>
    //close the alert after 3 seconds.
    $(document).ready(function(){
       setTimeout(function() {
          $(".alert").alert('close');
       }, 3000);
    });
</script>

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
<style>
.alert{
    z-index: 99;
    top: 60px;
    right:18px;
    min-width:30%;
    position: fixed;
    animation: slide 0.5s forwards;
}
@keyframes slide {
    100% { top: 30px; }
}
@media screen and (max-width: 668px) {
    .alert{ /* center the alert on small screens */
        left: 10px;
        right: 10px; 
    }
}
</style>

Displaying a Single Todo

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  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
@extends('layouts.app')
@section('content')
    <h3 class="text-center">{{$todo->title}}</h3>
    <p>{{$todo->body}}</p>
    <br>
    <a href="{{route('todos.edit',$todo->id)}}" class="btn btn-primary float-left">Update</a>
    <a href="#" class="btn btn-danger float-right" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#delete-modal">Delete</a>
    <div class="clearfix"></div>
    <div class="modal fade" id="delete-modal">
        <div class="modal-dialog" role="document">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h5 class="modal-title">Delete Todo</h5>
                <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close">
                    <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
                </button>
            </div>
            <div class="modal-body">
                <p>Are you sure!</p>
            </div>
            <div class="modal-footer">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-danger" onclick="document.querySelector('#delete-form').submit()">Proceed</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-dismiss="modal">Cancel</button>
            </div>
        </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <form method="POST" id="delete-form" action="{{route('todos.destroy',$todo->id)}}">
        @csrf
        @method('DELETE')
    </form>
@endsection

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
public function show($id)
{
    $todo = Todo::findOrFail($id);
    return view('todos.show',[
        'todo' => $todo,
    ]);
}

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
$todo = Todo::where('title','this is title')->firstOrFail();

Delete a Todo

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
public function destroy($id)
{
    //Delete the Todo
    $todo = Todo::findOrFail($id);
    $todo->delete();
    //Redirect to a specified route with flash message.
    return redirect()
        ->route('todos.index')
        ->with('status','Deleted the selected Todo!');
}

Updating the Todo

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
public function edit($id)
{
    //Find a Todo by it's ID
    $todo = Todo::findOrFail($id);
    return view('todos.edit',[
        'todo' => $todo,
    ]);
}

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
@extends('layouts.app')
@section('content')
    <h3 class="text-center">Edit Todo</h3>
    <form action="{{route('todos.update',$todo->id)}}" method="post">
        @csrf
        @method('PUT')
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="title">Todo Title</label>
            <input type="text" name="title" id="title" class="form-control {{ $errors->has('title') ? 'is-invalid' : '' }}" value="{{ old('title') ? : $todo->title }}" placeholder="Enter Title">
            @if($errors->has('title')) {{-- <-check if we have a validation error --}}
                <span class="invalid-feedback">
                    {{$errors->first('title')}} {{-- <- Display the First validation error --}}
                </span>
            @endif
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="body">Todo Description</label>
            <textarea name="body" id="body" rows="4" class="form-control {{ $errors->has('body') ? 'is-invalid' : '' }}" placeholder="Enter Todo Description">{{ old('body') ? : $todo->body }}</textarea>
            @if($errors->has('body')) {{-- <-check if we have a validation error --}}
                <span class="invalid-feedback">
                    {{$errors->first('body')}} {{-- <- Display the First validation error --}}
                </span>
            @endif
        </div>
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Update</button>
    </form>
@endsection

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.
public function update(Request $request, $id)
{
    //validation rules
    $rules = [
        'title' => "required|string|unique:todos,title,{$id}|min:2|max:191", //Using double quotes
        'body'  => 'required|string|min:5|max:1000',
    ];
    //custom validation error messages
    $messages = [
        'title.unique' => 'Todo title should be unique',
    ];
    //First Validate the form data
    $request->validate($rules,$messages);
    //Update the Todo
    $todo        = Todo::findOrFail($id);
    $todo->title = $request->title;
    $todo->body  = $request->body;
    $todo->save(); //Can be used for both creating and updating
    //Redirect to a specified route with flash message.
    return redirect()
        ->route('todos.show',$id)
        ->with('status','Updated the selected Todo!');
}

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.

Learn More

  • Installing and setting up Laravel locally.
  • Models, Views, and Controllers (MVC).
  • Database, Migrations, and Eloquent ORM.
  • Authentication.
  • Email verification and Password reset.

Hire PHP Developer and Web Developer for your Online Business

Hire PHP Developer and Web Developer for your Online Business

PHP is widely used open-source scripting language it helps in making dynamically easy your websites and web application. Mobiweb Technology is your best technical partner and offering you solution for any kind of website and application...

PHP is widely used open-source scripting language it helps in making dynamically easy your websites and web application. Mobiweb Technology is your best technical partner and offering you solution for any kind of website and application development. To hire PHP developer and web developer at affordable prices contact Mobiweb Technology via [email protected]

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CMARIX is leading Laravel Web application Development Service Provider with the track record of implementing diverse high-performance Laravel web applications with skilled Laravel developer team for clients across the globe.Continue

Which is the best PHP Web Development Company in India?

Which is the best PHP Web Development Company in India?

Many experienced players prefer to give it a go ahead with PHP for their web development needs because of the simplicity that PHP provides. PHP is loaded with features that many other languages lack and those pre-defined features can bring new functionalities and finishing touch to your existing or new website that you are looking forward to create. Wouldn’t it be great to get the best PHP Web Development Company for your project; we have a reputation as few of the leading firms in IT industry when it comes to PHP development.

Perks you should keep an eye out for before considering to outsource project to any web development company:

1. Company’s Reputation- It is very important to know about the previous projects that the company has delivered and the success rate of those products. You can visit company’s website for client testimonials or can google reviews given to them by genuine clients. We follow transparency, you can contact our previous clients and let them tell you how their experience was while working with us.

2. Technical Skill set and Expertise- You should select a company that has multiple resource pool of expert and technically sound developers. Our developers are experienced with different PHP frameworks and are exceptionally good with writing bug free codes. You can also hire PHP developer in India from us, as our developers have on hand experience in PHP development (core and frameworks)

3. The Budget- Costing has always played as one of the most important roles in every business deal. We provide competitive pricing with no hidden cost guaranteed. With us you can expect your project to be in best quality with no compromise to be made even with the best price in the market.

Why Data EximIT is the best PHP web development company in India?

Here are some of the features that might love about Data EximIT:

 Reputation of Data EximIT is wonderful among the previous clients.

 We have around 87% of retention ratio of clients.

 We were time committed, means every milestone was achieved before or on time.

 Data EximIT follows Agile development so it was the best possible methodology.

 We have huge team with different expertise over multiple PHP frameworks, so you are provided with ample to options to choose from.

 We are very active in communication part. Method or time of communication was never an issue at Data EximIT.

 We have some of the best designers to ensure that your project not only functions but also looks and feels fabulous.

 We provided customers with best costing without compromising on the quality at all.

 We also provide dedicated PHP developer or team of PHP developers on hire for your project.

Data EximIT is where customers feel confident to come up with idea and leave with fully functioning & best in quality projects. You can also avail our developers at your requested site location if you decide to hire PHP developers in India from us.

Feel free to contact our experts and let success reach you by working with the best PHP web development company.