Speech therapy for kids

At the point when many individuals consider language training, they contemplate the strict demonstration of talking. While this is grammatical form treatment, it additionally incorporates language issues and interactive abilities. Youngsters who are non-verbal can profit from language training since they actually should have the option to really convey, regardless of whether it's not with perceptible words. Your youngster might be alluded for treatment in the event that they experience difficulty articulating specific letters, are difficult to comprehend when they talk, experience issues understanding what others are talking about, or they have different issues conveying. Language teachers can likewise work with kids who have taking care of or gulping problems. The language instructor will work with your kid to fortify their discourse muscles and figure out how to accurately shape sounds. This can assist with verbalization and familiarity, as well as the quality and volume of their discourse. By practicing their oral muscles, it can improve gulping and biting which influence taking care of. The language instructor may likewise deal with oral feeling and aversion to various preferences or surfaces. This can truly help fussy eaters.

On the language side of things, they will chip away at articulation as well as talking and acting in socially fitting ways. This can be quite difficult for kids with mental imbalance who might battle with expressive gestures or interfacing words with feelings. For an assortment of problems, the advisor will show right syntax and jargon help to grow your kid's jargon, and use books, toys, games, and different exercises to improve language advancement and handling. Periodically your kid may not actually acknowledge they're working since they're having some good times doing the various errands. Language instruction is the appraisal and treatment of speech-language therapy correspondence issues and discourse problems. It is performed by discourse language pathologists (SLPs), which are frequently alluded to as language instructors. Language training procedures are utilized to further develop correspondence. These incorporate explanation treatment, language intercession exercises, and others relying upon the kind of discourse or language problem. Language training might be required for discourse problems that create in adolescence or discourse hindrances in grown-ups brought about by a physical issue or disease, like stroke or mind injury.

 

Explanation problems. An explanation issue is the failure to appropriately frame specific word sounds. A kid with this discourse issue might drop, trade, twist, or add word sounds. An instance of misshaping a word would say "thith" rather than "this". Familiarity issues. A familiarity issue influences the stream, speed, and mood of discourse. Faltering and jumbling are familiarity problems. An individual with stammering experiences difficulty getting out a sound and may have discourse that is obstructed or intruded on, or may rehash part of the entirety of a word. An individual with jumbling frequently talks extremely quick and combines words. Reverberation issues. A reverberation problem happens when a blockage or deterrent of standard wind stream in the nasal or oral holes adjusts the vibrations answerable for voice quality. It can likewise work out if the velopharyngeal valve doesn't close as expected. Reverberation problems are frequently connected with congenital fissure, neurological issues, and enlarged tonsils.

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Speech therapy for kids
Simpliv LLC

Simpliv LLC

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Introduction to Art Therapy - Art Therapy for Beginner | Simpliv

Description
What Is Art Therapy?

Art Therapy is a form of psychotherapy involving the method of free self-expression through painting, drawing, or modelling, used as a remedial or diagnostic activity that developed in the mid 1940’s for both adults and children. It is widely used in Europe and the United State.

One of the biggest benefits of art therapy is that, it able to facilitate individual expression of their inner world that they may find difficult to express verbally.

You don’t need to be a great artist, or even know how to draw, in order to make the full use of the art therapy. All you need is an imagination and an open mind to get the most from this Therapeutic Art / Arts Therapy course. There are no right or wrong in the drawing result. You just need to draw whatever that flow out from your heart and mind.

This art therapy course is able to benefits you in below way

It has an ability to facilitate positive perspectives on one’s life
It is capable of promoting a sense of personal independence, self-reliance, and self-sufficiency
Therapy has an ability to help a child work through difficult experiences
It allows a child to verbally and non-verbally communicate emotions that might otherwise be abandoned or sealed from society
Therapy instills constructive techniques to self-manage
What does the course cover?

This course is pretty much a hands on course, you will be spending most of your time in practicing drawing, such as mandala and zentagles. If you are a beginner that is looking to learn about Art Therapy, this course is exactly all you need.

NOTES

This is not an art class course, you will not be learning how to draw a perfect picture. INSTEAD, this course is a beginner course for self healing, bringing out the inner artist inside you, making you happier and increase your self esteem. No matter how good or how bad are you at drawing, this art therapy is able to help you to express yourself freely through art.

IS THIS COURSE FOR YOU ?

in order to maximize your leanining experience, i will recommend you to do the following things before purchasing this course.

Read the course description and curriculum carefully, so that you will have an idea on what is this courses really about
Watch the preview lecture as much as you can. Preview lectures are good checking point for elements such as accents and also presentation style
Read the review. I’m not a perfect instructors, so there will be some positive and negative reviews as a reference for you about the course
Talk to me. Feel free to sent me a message, and ask me any questions regarding my course, and i will get back to you asap i promise
Basic knowledge
You need to prepare drawing papers or A4 papers
You need to keep practicing the art therapy method
An open mind to learn
What will you learn
What will students achieve or be able to do after taking your course?

Able to explore you inner personality that you never knew
Hands on art therapy drawing technique for self healing
You will be able to use art as a relaxation method
You will be able to use art to release your stress and improve mood
You will be able to awake the giant within you
You will be able to build your self esteem and increase your confidence levels
You will be able to draw a complete mandalas and zentangle based on your own preferences
You will learn different art therapy method for self healing

ENROLL

#Art Therapy #What is Art Therapy #American Art Therapy #About Art Therapy

Body Solutions

1614683217

Physical therapy for Cherry Hill, Marlton, Mount Laurel and Voorhees

If you are in pain how with a new injury, you can get their “Sinew Warming Soak”. Then rub their Acute Sinew Liniment on the area 2-3 times a day to speed up healing. If you are having chronic pain that is no longer swollen, then use their Sinew Relaxing Soak and the Chronic Sinew Liniment.
For chronic injuries, get the “chronic Liniment” to rub on 3 times a day and then rub the “injury poultice” at night to sleep with on Body Solutions Voorhees. For acute injuries, get the “acute liniment” and rub it on 3 times a day. Then get the “herbal ice” to rub on at night to sleep with it on.
Foam rolling is a way to self-massage and physical therapy Voorhees NJ. While typical foam rollers are just round, our bodies have many grooves, bumps, and pointy spots! So there is a company that figured out how to make a better foam roller. You can see the types they have here. Their rollers have specific grooves that allows you to get the right massage pressure without aggravating the joints.

#apple physical therapy marlton nj #strive physical therapy marlton new jersey #rothman institute marlton nj #physical therapy #physical therapy marlton nj #physical therapy marlton

Body Solutions

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Physical therapy for Cherry Hill, Marlton, Mount Laurel and Voorhees

If you live in the South Jersey region (Voorhees, Cherry Hill, Marlton, etc.) and need Physical therapy for Sports injuries consider coming to Body Solutions. We utilize a true holistic approach for faster recovery from your injuries. Watch this video on physical therapy for sports injuries for optimal recovery. Learn how we use higher level understanding of exercise and how the body works to achieve amazing results.
The key to optimal recovery after a sports injury is immediate initiation of the right exercises and providing your body with the right nutrients to speed up healing. While injured body parts like an ankle sprain, a torn ACL or meniscus, a shoulder strain, or a hip strain needs to be rested, you need to initiate immediate exercises for other body parts. This will reduce the compensation and keep your body “even” and “balanced”.
For example, if you have an right ankle sprain, you need to immediately start strengthening your right hip and knee to avoid onset of weakness AND strengthen your left ankle. By working your left ankle, you indirectly accelerate the recovery process of the right ankle in personal trainer Voorhees NJ.

#apple physical therapy marlton nj #strive physical therapy marlton new jersey #rothman institute marlton nj #physical therapy #physical therapy marlton nj #physical therapy marlton

Vincent Lab

Vincent Lab

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Text to Speech in Node.js

In this video, I will be showing you how to turn text into speech in Node.js

#javascript #text to speech #javascript api #text to speech app #node.js text to speech #javascript text to speech

宇野  和也

宇野 和也

1593877440

Indian Accent Speech Recognition

Traditional ASR (Signal Analysis, MFCC, DTW, HMM & Language Modelling) and DNNs (Custom Models & Baidu DeepSpeech Model) on Indian Accent Speech

Courtesy_: _Speech and Music Technology Lab, IIT Madras

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Notwithstanding an approved Indian-English accent speech, accent-less enunciation is a myth. Irregardless of the racial stereotypes, our speech is naturally shaped by the vernacular we speak, and the Indian vernaculars are numerous! Then how does a computer decipher speech from different Indian states, which even Indians from other states, find ambiguous to understand?

**ASR (Automatic Speech Recognition) **takes any continuous audio speech and output the equivalent text . In this blog, we will explore some challenges in speech recognition with focus on the speaker-independent recognition, both in theory and practice.

The** challenges in ASR** include

  • Variability of volume
  • Variability of words speed
  • Variability of Speaker
  • Variability of** pitch**
  • Word boundaries: we speak words without pause.
  • **Noises **like background sound, audience talks etc.

Lets address** each of the above problems** in the sections discussed below.

The complete source code of the above studies can be found here.

Models in speech recognition can conceptually be divided into:

  • Acoustic model: Turn sound signals into some kind of phonetic representation.
  • Language model: houses domain knowledge of words, grammar, and sentence structure for the language.

Signal Analysis

When we speak we create sinusoidal vibrations in the air. Higher pitches vibrate faster with a higher frequency than lower pitches. A microphone transduce acoustical energy in vibrations to electrical energy.

If we say “Hello World’ then the corresponding signal would contain 2 blobs

Some of the vibrations in the signal have higher amplitude. The amplitude tells us how much acoustical energy is there in the sound

Our speech is made up of many frequencies at the same time, i.e. it is a sum of all those frequencies. To analyze the signal, we use the component frequencies as features. **Fourier transform **is used to break the signal into these components.

We can use this splitting technique to convert the sound to a Spectrogram, where **frequency **on the vertical axis is plotted against time. The intensity of shading indicates the amplitude of the signal.

Spectrogram of the hello world phrase

To create a Spectrogram,

  1. **Divide the signal **into time frames.
  2. Split each frame signal into frequency components with an FFT.
  3. Each time frame is now represented with a** vector of amplitudes** at each frequency.

one dimensional vector for one time frame

If we line up the vectors again in their time series order, we can have a visual picture of the sound components, the Spectrogram.

Spectrogram can be lined up with the original audio signal in time

Next, we’ll look at Feature Extraction techniques which would reduce the noise and dimensionality of our data.

Unnecessary information is encoded in Spectrograph

Feature Extraction with MFCC

Mel Frequency Cepstrum Coefficient Analysis is the reduction of an audio signal to essential speech component features using both Mel frequency analysis and Cepstral analysis. The range of frequencies are reduced and binned into groups of frequencies that humans can distinguish. The signal is further separated into source and filter so that variations between speakers unrelated to articulation can be filtered away.

a) Mel Frequency Analysis

Only **those frequencies humans can hear are **important for recognizing speech. We can split the frequencies of the Spectrogram into bins relevant to our own ears and filter out sound that we can’t hear.

Frequencies above the black line will be filtered out

b) Cepstral Analysis

We also need to separate the elements of sound that are speaker-independent. We can think of a human voice production model as a combination of source and filter, where the source is unique to an individual and the filter is the articulation of words that we all use when speaking.

Cepstral analysis relies on this model for separating the two. The cepstrum can be extracted from a signal with an algorithm. Thus, we drop the component of speech unique to individual vocal chords and preserving the shape of the sound made by the vocal tract.

Cepstral analysis combined with Mel frequency analysis get you 12 or 13 MFCC features related to speech. **Delta and Delta-Delta MFCC features **can optionally be appended to the feature set, effectively doubling (or tripling) the number of features, up to 39 features, but gives better results in ASR.

Thus MFCC (Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients) Features Extraction,

  • Reduced the dimensionality of our data and
  • We squeeze noise out of the system

So there are 2 Acoustic Features for Speech Recognition:

  • Spectrograms
  • Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs):

When you construct your pipeline, you will be able to choose to use either spectrogram or MFCC features. Next, we’ll look at sound from a language perspective, i.e. the phonetics of the words we hear.

Phonetics

Phonetics is the study of sound in human speech. Linguistic analysis is used to break down human words into their smallest sound segments.


phonemes define the distinct sounds

  • Phoneme is the smallest sound segment that can be used to distinguish one word from another.
  • Grapheme, in contrast, is the smallest distinct unit written in a language. Eg: English has 26 alphabets plus a space (27 graphemes).

Unfortunately, we can’t map phonemes to grapheme, as some letters map to multiple phonemes & some phonemes map to many letters. For example, the C letter sounds different in cat, chat, and circle.

Phonemes are often a useful intermediary between speech and text. If we can successfully produce an acoustic model that decodes a sound signal into phonemes the remaining task would be to map those phonemes to their matching words. This step is called Lexical Decoding, named so as it is based on a lexicon or dictionary of the data set.

If we want to train a limited vocabulary of words we might just skip the phonemes. If we have a large vocabulary, then converting to smaller units first, reduces the total number of comparisons needed.

Acoustic Models and the Trouble with Time

With feature extraction, we’ve addressed noise problems as well as variability of speakers. But we still haven’t solved the problem of matching variable lengths of the same word.

Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) calculates the similarity between two signals, even if their time lengths differ. This can be used to align the sequence data of a new word to its most similar counterpart in a dictionary of word examples.

2 signals mapped with Dynamic Time Warping

#deep-speech #speech #deep-learning #speech-recognition #machine-learning #deep learning