Released in February 2015, Laravel 5.0 has become one of the most popular PHP web frameworks. Being a versatile framework, it is the preferred choice of global developers and since its initial release, there has been a periodic update every six months. The latest one out of the lot, 5.8, was released in March.
Before moving ahead with Laravel 5.8 installation, let’s dig a bit deeper into the important updates and features that rolled out with Laravel 5.8.
php artisan vendor:publishcommand, there is a slight change in the name of folders. The old directory,
/resources/views/vendor/mail/markdownhas been updated to_
/resources/views/vendor/mail/text. _Logically, this is an evolutionary step, as it is fundamentally right to name a markdown folder as ‘text’.
In 5.7, the item would be stored for 30 minutes, whereas in 5.8 it will be stored for only 30 seconds.
Before installing 5.8, you need to make sure you are working on a Laravel Homestead virtual machine as it fulfills all the critical system requirements. If you are not using Homestead, your server should fulfill the following requirements:
Now that you know the updated features and server requirements, let’s start with the process of installing Laravel 5.8.
Note: Before moving forward, make sure that your machine has Composer installed as Laravel uses Composer for managing dependencies.
However, if you don’t have Composer installed in your machine, use https://getcomposer.org/download/ to download and install it.
There are basically two ways to install Laravel 5.8:
To install Laravel 5.8, you will first have to download the Laravel installer using Composer via the following command:
composer global require laravel/installer
Note: Place Composer’s vendor bin directory in $PATH so that Laravel 5.8 installer.exe can be easily located on your local system. Based on the operating system you are using the directory that can be present in the following locations:
Once you have installed Laravel using the executable, a fresh Laravel installation will be created when you use the
laravel new command. To begin with your new directory you can type in the following code:
laravel new blog
You can also install Laravel 5.8 by using the
create-project command in the terminal.
composer create-project --prefer-distlaravel/laravel news
This will create a new directory,
blog,with all Laravel directories pre-installed for you to work in.
Once you have finished installing Laravel, you will have to set the web server’s document/web root directory to be a public directory. This is essential because your index.php in the directory will manage all HTTP requests coming to your application.
The configuration files associated with the Laravel framework can be found in the config directory. You can check the files to understand more about Laravel 5.8’s capabilities and gauge what’s on your table.
You will have to set permissions for some directories. The most important one includes the directories within the storage&bootstrap/cache directory. These should be configured to be writable, otherwise Laravel will fail to run. If you are using the Homestead virtual machine, these permissions will automatically be configured.
You will also have to set your application key to a random string. If you have used the above two ways to install Laravel, this will have been set by using
php artisan key:generate command already. However, if you need to set the key, you should keep in mind that the string should be 32-characters long and can be set in the .env file.
If PHP is installed locally and you are using PHP’s built-in development server, you can use the
serve Artisan command. This will initiate a development server at http://localhost:8000:
php artisan serve
When you hit _http://localhost:8000 _ in your favorite browser you will get your first Laravel home screen.
Once you are done with all these configurations, you can start developing using Laravel 5.8. However, it is recommended to review the config/app.php file as it contains several important aspects, such as timezone&locale that you might want to change.
We have tried to cover every important aspect associated with Laravel 5.8 installation in this article. However, if you feel there is something that we missed, feel free to let us know in the comments section.
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