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Docker Compose Node.js and MySQL example

Docker provides lightweight containers to run services in isolation from our infrastructure so we can deliver software quickly. In this tutorial, I will show you how to make Docker Compose for Node.js and MySQL example.

Original article: Dockerize Node.js and MySQL example - Docker Compose

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Assume that we have a Nodejs Application working with MySQL database. The problem is to containerize a system that requires more than one Docker container:

  • Node.js Express for API
  • MySQL for database

Docker Compose helps us setup the system more easily and efficiently than with only Docker. We're gonna following these steps:

  • Create Nodejs App working with MySQL database.
  • Create Dockerfile for Nodejs App.
  • Write Docker Compose configurations in YAML file.
  • Set Environment variables for Docker Compose
  • Run the system.

Directory Structure:


Create Nodejs App

You can read and get Github source code from one of following tutorials: 

Using the code base above, we put the Nodejs project in bezkoder-app folder and modify some files to work with environment variables. Firstly, let's add dotenv module into package.json.

 "dependencies": {
   "dotenv": "^10.0.0",

Next we import dotenv in server.js and use process.env for setting port.

// set port, listen for requests
const PORT = process.env.NODE_DOCKER_PORT || 8080;
app.listen(PORT, () => {
 console.log(`Server is running on port ${PORT}.`);

Then we change modify database configuration and initialization. app/config/db.config.js

module.exports = {
 HOST: process.env.DB_HOST,
 USER: process.env.DB_USER,
 DB: process.env.DB_NAME,
 port: process.env.DB_PORT,
 dialect: "mysql",
 pool: {
   max: 5,
   min: 0,
   acquire: 30000,
   idle: 10000


const dbConfig = require("../config/db.config.js");

const Sequelize = require("sequelize");
const sequelize = new Sequelize(dbConfig.DB, dbConfig.USER, dbConfig.PASSWORD, {
 host: dbConfig.HOST,
 dialect: dbConfig.dialect,
 port: dbConfig.port,
 operatorsAliases: false,

 pool: {
   max: dbConfig.pool.max,
   min: dbConfig.pool.min,
   acquire: dbConfig.pool.acquire,
   idle: dbConfig.pool.idle


Create Dockerfile for Nodejs App

Dockerfile defines a list of commands that Docker uses for setting up the Node.js application environment. So we put the file in bezkoder-app folder. Because we will use Docker Compose, we won't define all the configuration commands in this Dockerfile. bezkoder-app/Dockerfile

FROM node:14

WORKDIR /bezkoder-app
COPY package.json .
RUN npm install
COPY . .
CMD npm start

Let me explain some points:

  • FROM: install the image of the Node.js version.
  • WORKDIR: path of the working directory.
  • COPY: copy package.json file to the container, then the second one copies all the files inside the project directory.
  • RUN: execute a command-line inside the container: npm install to install the dependencies in package.json.
  • CMD: run script npm start after the image is built.

Write Docker Compose configurations

On the root of the project directory, we're gonna create the docker-compose.yml file. Follow version 3 syntax defined by Docker:

version: '3.8'


  • version: Docker Compose file format version will be used.
  • services: individual services in isolated containers. Our application has two services: app (Nodejs) and mysqldb (MySQL database).
  • volumes: named volumes that keeps our data alive after restart.

Let's implement the details. docker-compose.yml

version: '3.8'

   image: mysql:5.7
   restart: unless-stopped
   env_file: ./.env
     - db:/var/lib/mysql
     - mysqldb
   build: ./bezkoder-app
   restart: unless-stopped
   env_file: ./.env
     - DB_HOST=mysqldb
   stdin_open: true
   tty: true


- mysqldb:

  • image: official Docker image
  • restart: configure the restart policy
  • env_file: specify our .env path that we will create later
  • environment: provide setting using environment variables
  • ports: specify ports will be used
  • volumes: map volume folders

- app:

  • depends_on: dependency order, mysqldb is started before app
  • build: configuration options that are applied at build time that we defined in the Dockerfile with relative path
  • environment: environmental variables that Node application uses
  • stdin_open and tty: keep open the terminal after building container

You should note that the host port (LOCAL_PORT) and the container port (DOCKER_PORT) is different. Networked service-to-service communication uses the container port, and the outside uses the host port.

Docker Compose Environment variables

In the service configuration, we used environmental variables defined inside the .env file. Now we start writing it. .env



Run the system with Docker Compose

We can easily run the whole with only a single command: docker-compose up Docker will pull the MySQL and Node.js images (if our machine does not have it before). The services can be run on the background with command: docker-compose up -d

$ docker-compose up -d
Creating network "node-mysql_default" with the default driver
Creating volume "node-mysql_db" with default driver
Pulling mysqldb (mysql:5.7)...
5.7: Pulling from library/mysql
33847f680f63: Pull complete
5cb67864e624: Pull complete
1a2b594783f5: Pull complete
b30e406dd925: Pull complete
48901e306e4c: Pull complete
603d2b7147fd: Pull complete
802aa684c1c4: Pull complete
5b5a19178915: Pull complete
f9ce7411c6e4: Pull complete
f51f6977d9b2: Pull complete
aeb6b16ce012: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:be70d18aedc37927293e7947c8de41ae6490ecd4c79df1db40d1b5b5af7d9596
Status: Downloaded newer image for mysql:5.7
Building app
Sending build context to Docker daemon  17.41kB
Step 1/6 : FROM node:14
14: Pulling from library/node
08224db8ce18: Pull complete
abd3caf86f5b: Pull complete
71c316554a55: Pull complete
721081de66bf: Pull complete
239fb482263d: Pull complete
26d24e5f0efd: Pull complete
4a43fffd53dd: Pull complete
4e10c266ec1a: Pull complete
6c4e1d6ce241: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:adbbb61dab70ea6e5a6c2ad7fba60e4d1047ba98ad1afcd631c15553163b22b7
Status: Downloaded newer image for node:14
---> e0ab58ea4a4f
Step 2/6 : WORKDIR /bezkoder-app
---> Running in 6ab4079d2f00
Removing intermediate container 6ab4079d2f00
---> 59e985358175
Step 3/6 : COPY package.json .
---> cc619b75b822
Step 4/6 : RUN npm install
---> Running in 90bccd42e0d7

added 88 packages from 144 contributors and audited 88 packages in 7.655s
found 0 vulnerabilities

Removing intermediate container 90bccd42e0d7
---> c9f5592ab65a
Step 5/6 : COPY . .
---> 65d7d8927e3c
Step 6/6 : CMD npm start
---> Running in 2b7b5fe7dbb3
Removing intermediate container 2b7b5fe7dbb3
---> 9d0109ff706c
Successfully built 9d0109ff706c
Successfully tagged node-mysql_app:latest
WARNING: Image for service app was built because it did not already exist. To rebuild this image you must use `docker-compose build` or `docker-compose up --build`.
Creating node-mysql_mysqldb_1 ... done
Creating node-mysql_app_1     ... done

Now you can check the current working containers:

$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE            COMMAND                  CREATED         STATUS              PORTS                                                  NAMES
b8b12819d371   node-mysql_app   "docker-entrypoint.s…"   2 minutes ago   Up About a minute>8080/tcp, :::6868->8080/tcp              node-mysql_app_1
b0d665c00073   mysql:5.7        "docker-entrypoint.s…"   2 minutes ago   Up 2 minutes        33060/tcp,>3306/tcp, :::3307->3306/tcp   node-mysql_mysqldb_1

And Docker images:

$ docker images
REPOSITORY            TAG            IMAGE ID       CREATED              SIZE
node-mysql_app        latest         9d0109ff706c   About 3 minute ago   965MB
node                  14             e0ab58ea4a4f   About 2 minute ago   944MB
mysql                 5.7            8cf625070931   About 2 minute ago   448MB

Stop the Application

Stopping all the running containers is also simple with a single command: docker-compose down If you need to stop and remove all containers, networks, and all images used by any service in docker-compose.yml file, use the command: docker-compose down --rmi all


Today we've successfully created Docker Compose file for MySQL and Nodejs application. Now we can deploy Nodejs Express and MySQL with Docker on a very simple way: docker-compose.yml. You can apply this way to one of following project:

Or Heroku instead: Deploying/Hosting Node.js app on Heroku with MySQL database Happy Learning! See you again.

Source Code

The source code for this tutorial can be found at Github.

#javascript #web-development #node #mysql #docker #api 

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Docker Compose Node.js and MySQL example

NBB: Ad-hoc CLJS Scripting on Node.js


Not babashka. Node.js babashka!?

Ad-hoc CLJS scripting on Node.js.


Experimental. Please report issues here.

Goals and features

Nbb's main goal is to make it easy to get started with ad hoc CLJS scripting on Node.js.

Additional goals and features are:

  • Fast startup without relying on a custom version of Node.js.
  • Small artifact (current size is around 1.2MB).
  • First class macros.
  • Support building small TUI apps using Reagent.
  • Complement babashka with libraries from the Node.js ecosystem.


Nbb requires Node.js v12 or newer.

How does this tool work?

CLJS code is evaluated through SCI, the same interpreter that powers babashka. Because SCI works with advanced compilation, the bundle size, especially when combined with other dependencies, is smaller than what you get with self-hosted CLJS. That makes startup faster. The trade-off is that execution is less performant and that only a subset of CLJS is available (e.g. no deftype, yet).


Install nbb from NPM:

$ npm install nbb -g

Omit -g for a local install.

Try out an expression:

$ nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'

And then install some other NPM libraries to use in the script. E.g.:

$ npm install csv-parse shelljs zx

Create a script which uses the NPM libraries:

(ns script
  (:require ["csv-parse/lib/sync$default" :as csv-parse]
            ["fs" :as fs]
            ["path" :as path]
            ["shelljs$default" :as sh]
            ["term-size$default" :as term-size]
            ["zx$default" :as zx]
            ["zx$fs" :as zxfs]
            [nbb.core :refer [*file*]]))

(prn (path/resolve "."))

(prn (term-size))

(println (count (str (fs/readFileSync *file*))))

(prn (sh/ls "."))

(prn (csv-parse "foo,bar"))

(prn (zxfs/existsSync *file*))

(zx/$ #js ["ls"])

Call the script:

$ nbb script.cljs
#js {:columns 216, :rows 47}
#js ["node_modules" "package-lock.json" "package.json" "script.cljs"]
#js [#js ["foo" "bar"]]
$ ls


Nbb has first class support for macros: you can define them right inside your .cljs file, like you are used to from JVM Clojure. Consider the plet macro to make working with promises more palatable:

(defmacro plet
  [bindings & body]
  (let [binding-pairs (reverse (partition 2 bindings))
        body (cons 'do body)]
    (reduce (fn [body [sym expr]]
              (let [expr (list '.resolve 'js/Promise expr)]
                (list '.then expr (list 'clojure.core/fn (vector sym)

Using this macro we can look async code more like sync code. Consider this puppeteer example:

(-> (.launch puppeteer)
      (.then (fn [browser]
               (-> (.newPage browser)
                   (.then (fn [page]
                            (-> (.goto page "https://clojure.org")
                                (.then #(.screenshot page #js{:path "screenshot.png"}))
                                (.catch #(js/console.log %))
                                (.then #(.close browser)))))))))

Using plet this becomes:

(plet [browser (.launch puppeteer)
       page (.newPage browser)
       _ (.goto page "https://clojure.org")
       _ (-> (.screenshot page #js{:path "screenshot.png"})
             (.catch #(js/console.log %)))]
      (.close browser))

See the puppeteer example for the full code.

Since v0.0.36, nbb includes promesa which is a library to deal with promises. The above plet macro is similar to promesa.core/let.

Startup time

$ time nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'
nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'   0.17s  user 0.02s system 109% cpu 0.168 total

The baseline startup time for a script is about 170ms seconds on my laptop. When invoked via npx this adds another 300ms or so, so for faster startup, either use a globally installed nbb or use $(npm bin)/nbb script.cljs to bypass npx.


NPM dependencies

Nbb does not depend on any NPM dependencies. All NPM libraries loaded by a script are resolved relative to that script. When using the Reagent module, React is resolved in the same way as any other NPM library.


To load .cljs files from local paths or dependencies, you can use the --classpath argument. The current dir is added to the classpath automatically. So if there is a file foo/bar.cljs relative to your current dir, then you can load it via (:require [foo.bar :as fb]). Note that nbb uses the same naming conventions for namespaces and directories as other Clojure tools: foo-bar in the namespace name becomes foo_bar in the directory name.

To load dependencies from the Clojure ecosystem, you can use the Clojure CLI or babashka to download them and produce a classpath:

$ classpath="$(clojure -A:nbb -Spath -Sdeps '{:aliases {:nbb {:replace-deps {com.github.seancorfield/honeysql {:git/tag "v2.0.0-rc5" :git/sha "01c3a55"}}}}}')"

and then feed it to the --classpath argument:

$ nbb --classpath "$classpath" -e "(require '[honey.sql :as sql]) (sql/format {:select :foo :from :bar :where [:= :baz 2]})"
["SELECT foo FROM bar WHERE baz = ?" 2]

Currently nbb only reads from directories, not jar files, so you are encouraged to use git libs. Support for .jar files will be added later.

Current file

The name of the file that is currently being executed is available via nbb.core/*file* or on the metadata of vars:

(ns foo
  (:require [nbb.core :refer [*file*]]))

(prn *file*) ;; "/private/tmp/foo.cljs"

(defn f [])
(prn (:file (meta #'f))) ;; "/private/tmp/foo.cljs"


Nbb includes reagent.core which will be lazily loaded when required. You can use this together with ink to create a TUI application:

$ npm install ink


(ns ink-demo
  (:require ["ink" :refer [render Text]]
            [reagent.core :as r]))

(defonce state (r/atom 0))

(doseq [n (range 1 11)]
  (js/setTimeout #(swap! state inc) (* n 500)))

(defn hello []
  [:> Text {:color "green"} "Hello, world! " @state])

(render (r/as-element [hello]))


Working with callbacks and promises can become tedious. Since nbb v0.0.36 the promesa.core namespace is included with the let and do! macros. An example:

(ns prom
  (:require [promesa.core :as p]))

(defn sleep [ms]
   (fn [resolve _]
     (js/setTimeout resolve ms))))

(defn do-stuff
   (println "Doing stuff which takes a while")
   (sleep 1000)

(p/let [a (do-stuff)
        b (inc a)
        c (do-stuff)
        d (+ b c)]
  (prn d))
$ nbb prom.cljs
Doing stuff which takes a while
Doing stuff which takes a while

Also see API docs.


Since nbb v0.0.75 applied-science/js-interop is available:

(ns example
  (:require [applied-science.js-interop :as j]))

(def o (j/lit {:a 1 :b 2 :c {:d 1}}))

(prn (j/select-keys o [:a :b])) ;; #js {:a 1, :b 2}
(prn (j/get-in o [:c :d])) ;; 1

Most of this library is supported in nbb, except the following:

  • destructuring using :syms
  • property access using .-x notation. In nbb, you must use keywords.

See the example of what is currently supported.


See the examples directory for small examples.

Also check out these projects built with nbb:


See API documentation.

Migrating to shadow-cljs

See this gist on how to convert an nbb script or project to shadow-cljs.



  • babashka >= 0.4.0
  • Clojure CLI >=
  • Node.js 16.5.0 (lower version may work, but this is the one I used to build)

To build:

  • Clone and cd into this repo
  • bb release

Run bb tasks for more project-related tasks.

Download Details:
Author: borkdude
Download Link: Download The Source Code
Official Website: https://github.com/borkdude/nbb 
License: EPL-1.0

#node #javascript

Aria Barnes

Aria Barnes


Why use Node.js for Web Development? Benefits and Examples of Apps

Front-end web development has been overwhelmed by JavaScript highlights for quite a long time. Google, Facebook, Wikipedia, and most of all online pages use JS for customer side activities. As of late, it additionally made a shift to cross-platform mobile development as a main technology in React Native, Nativescript, Apache Cordova, and other crossover devices. 

Throughout the most recent couple of years, Node.js moved to backend development as well. Designers need to utilize a similar tech stack for the whole web project without learning another language for server-side development. Node.js is a device that adjusts JS usefulness and syntax to the backend. 

What is Node.js? 

Node.js isn’t a language, or library, or system. It’s a runtime situation: commonly JavaScript needs a program to work, however Node.js makes appropriate settings for JS to run outside of the program. It’s based on a JavaScript V8 motor that can run in Chrome, different programs, or independently. 

The extent of V8 is to change JS program situated code into machine code — so JS turns into a broadly useful language and can be perceived by servers. This is one of the advantages of utilizing Node.js in web application development: it expands the usefulness of JavaScript, permitting designers to coordinate the language with APIs, different languages, and outside libraries.

What Are the Advantages of Node.js Web Application Development? 

Of late, organizations have been effectively changing from their backend tech stacks to Node.js. LinkedIn picked Node.js over Ruby on Rails since it took care of expanding responsibility better and decreased the quantity of servers by multiple times. PayPal and Netflix did something comparative, just they had a goal to change their design to microservices. We should investigate the motivations to pick Node.JS for web application development and when we are planning to hire node js developers. 

Amazing Tech Stack for Web Development 

The principal thing that makes Node.js a go-to environment for web development is its JavaScript legacy. It’s the most well known language right now with a great many free devices and a functioning local area. Node.js, because of its association with JS, immediately rose in ubiquity — presently it has in excess of 368 million downloads and a great many free tools in the bundle module. 

Alongside prevalence, Node.js additionally acquired the fundamental JS benefits: 

  • quick execution and information preparing; 
  • exceptionally reusable code; 
  • the code is not difficult to learn, compose, read, and keep up; 
  • tremendous asset library, a huge number of free aides, and a functioning local area. 

In addition, it’s a piece of a well known MEAN tech stack (the blend of MongoDB, Express.js, Angular, and Node.js — four tools that handle all vital parts of web application development). 

Designers Can Utilize JavaScript for the Whole Undertaking 

This is perhaps the most clear advantage of Node.js web application development. JavaScript is an unquestionable requirement for web development. Regardless of whether you construct a multi-page or single-page application, you need to know JS well. On the off chance that you are now OK with JavaScript, learning Node.js won’t be an issue. Grammar, fundamental usefulness, primary standards — every one of these things are comparable. 

In the event that you have JS designers in your group, it will be simpler for them to learn JS-based Node than a totally new dialect. What’s more, the front-end and back-end codebase will be basically the same, simple to peruse, and keep up — in light of the fact that they are both JS-based. 

A Quick Environment for Microservice Development 

There’s another motivation behind why Node.js got famous so rapidly. The environment suits well the idea of microservice development (spilling stone monument usefulness into handfuls or many more modest administrations). 

Microservices need to speak with one another rapidly — and Node.js is probably the quickest device in information handling. Among the fundamental Node.js benefits for programming development are its non-obstructing algorithms.

Node.js measures a few demands all at once without trusting that the first will be concluded. Many microservices can send messages to one another, and they will be gotten and addressed all the while. 

Versatile Web Application Development 

Node.js was worked in view of adaptability — its name really says it. The environment permits numerous hubs to run all the while and speak with one another. Here’s the reason Node.js adaptability is better than other web backend development arrangements. 

Node.js has a module that is liable for load adjusting for each running CPU center. This is one of numerous Node.js module benefits: you can run various hubs all at once, and the environment will naturally adjust the responsibility. 

Node.js permits even apportioning: you can part your application into various situations. You show various forms of the application to different clients, in light of their age, interests, area, language, and so on. This builds personalization and diminishes responsibility. Hub accomplishes this with kid measures — tasks that rapidly speak with one another and share a similar root. 

What’s more, Node’s non-hindering solicitation handling framework adds to fast, letting applications measure a great many solicitations. 

Control Stream Highlights

Numerous designers consider nonconcurrent to be one of the two impediments and benefits of Node.js web application development. In Node, at whatever point the capacity is executed, the code consequently sends a callback. As the quantity of capacities develops, so does the number of callbacks — and you end up in a circumstance known as the callback damnation. 

In any case, Node.js offers an exit plan. You can utilize systems that will plan capacities and sort through callbacks. Systems will associate comparable capacities consequently — so you can track down an essential component via search or in an envelope. At that point, there’s no compelling reason to look through callbacks.


Final Words

So, these are some of the top benefits of Nodejs in web application development. This is how Nodejs is contributing a lot to the field of web application development. 

I hope now you are totally aware of the whole process of how Nodejs is really important for your web project. If you are looking to hire a node js development company in India then I would suggest that you take a little consultancy too whenever you call. 

Good Luck!

Original Source

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Hire Dedicated Node.js Developers - Hire Node.js Developers

If you look at the backend technology used by today’s most popular apps there is one thing you would find common among them and that is the use of NodeJS Framework. Yes, the NodeJS framework is that effective and successful.

If you wish to have a strong backend for efficient app performance then have NodeJS at the backend.

WebClues Infotech offers different levels of experienced and expert professionals for your app development needs. So hire a dedicated NodeJS developer from WebClues Infotech with your experience requirement and expertise.

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Node JS Development Company| Node JS Web Developers-SISGAIN

Top organizations and start-ups hire Node.js developers from SISGAIN for their strategic software development projects in Illinois, USA. On the off chance that you are searching for a first rate innovation to assemble a constant Node.js web application development or a module, Node.js applications are the most appropriate alternative to pick. As Leading Node.js development company, we leverage our profound information on its segments and convey solutions that bring noteworthy business results. For more information email us at hello@sisgain.com

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