Sean Robertson

Sean Robertson

1548139432

If I use SQLite auto increment on a column, does it automatically maintain an index on that column?

I am using auto increment on an integer data column in SQLite. Since it is auto increment, the data is already sorted by that column in ascending order. So, I was wondering if SQLite will perform a binary search over the auto increment column whenever a data is searched by that column.

#sql #database

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Buddha Community

Callum Slater

1548141712

Effectively yes, but not really.

That is, all AUTOINCREMENT does is add a constraint that requires the value assigned to the column to be higher than any existing value, or higher than any value that has been used, in that column.

But there’s more to it than that it is your_column INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (AUTOINCREMENT can only be used on such a column and there can only be 1 such column per table) makes that column an alias of the hidden rowid column.

The rowid is what is indexed, and is basically the most primary index and the most efficient, which always exists unless the table is defined using the WITHOUT ROWID keyword.

So an AUTOINCREMENT column is an alias of the rowid column and uses a differnt, more expensive algorithm than an alias of the rowid without AUTOINCREMENT.

That is without AUTOINCREMENT the value generated for the rowid column will find the maximum value in the table and increment it. Unless that value exceeds 9223372036854775807 in which case SQlite will make some attempts to find an unused lower value (normally between 1 and 9223372036854775807).

With AUTOINCREMENT the algorithm takes the higher value of the maximum value and a value stored in the table sqlite_sequence for the respective table and uses that (thus any deleted higher valueswill not be re-used). However if 9223372036854775807 has been used then an SQLITE_FULL error will be raised.

The following should be noted :-

The AUTOINCREMENT keyword imposes extra CPU, memory, disk space, and disk I/O overhead and should be avoided if not strictly needed. It is usually not needed.
SQLite Autoincrement you may well want to read this.

Additional

regrading the comment :-

The AUTOINCREMENT keyword imposes extra CPU, memory, disk space, and disk I/O overhead and should be avoided if not strictly needed. It is usually not needed.
The following demonstrates that there is no requirement for AUTOINCREMENT:-

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS xyz (ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY);
INSERT INTO xyz VALUES(null);
SELECT * FROM xyz;

After running twice the result is :-

Charity  Ferry

Charity Ferry

1626142933

How to Use PostgreSQL's Automatic Index Recommendations

In our last blog, we learned about the Need and Usage of Hypothetical Indexes in PostgreSQL. We can now “check” easily in a live environment, determine if some particular index will be helpful or not, and figure out how we get to know which index to test. To do this, you’ll also need in-depth knowledge of indexing and experience in Postgresql. However, in PostgreSQL, we can get an automatic recommendation of indexes for specific queries by using three extensions hypog, pg_stat_statements, and pg_qualstats.

#postgresql #automatic index recommendations #automatic #index

Sean Robertson

Sean Robertson

1548139432

If I use SQLite auto increment on a column, does it automatically maintain an index on that column?

I am using auto increment on an integer data column in SQLite. Since it is auto increment, the data is already sorted by that column in ascending order. So, I was wondering if SQLite will perform a binary search over the auto increment column whenever a data is searched by that column.

#sql #database

Why Use WordPress? What Can You Do With WordPress?

Can you use WordPress for anything other than blogging? To your surprise, yes. WordPress is more than just a blogging tool, and it has helped thousands of websites and web applications to thrive. The use of WordPress powers around 40% of online projects, and today in our blog, we would visit some amazing uses of WordPress other than blogging.
What Is The Use Of WordPress?

WordPress is the most popular website platform in the world. It is the first choice of businesses that want to set a feature-rich and dynamic Content Management System. So, if you ask what WordPress is used for, the answer is – everything. It is a super-flexible, feature-rich and secure platform that offers everything to build unique websites and applications. Let’s start knowing them:

1. Multiple Websites Under A Single Installation
WordPress Multisite allows you to develop multiple sites from a single WordPress installation. You can download WordPress and start building websites you want to launch under a single server. Literally speaking, you can handle hundreds of sites from one single dashboard, which now needs applause.
It is a highly efficient platform that allows you to easily run several websites under the same login credentials. One of the best things about WordPress is the themes it has to offer. You can simply download them and plugin for various sites and save space on sites without losing their speed.

2. WordPress Social Network
WordPress can be used for high-end projects such as Social Media Network. If you don’t have the money and patience to hire a coder and invest months in building a feature-rich social media site, go for WordPress. It is one of the most amazing uses of WordPress. Its stunning CMS is unbeatable. And you can build sites as good as Facebook or Reddit etc. It can just make the process a lot easier.
To set up a social media network, you would have to download a WordPress Plugin called BuddyPress. It would allow you to connect a community page with ease and would provide all the necessary features of a community or social media. It has direct messaging, activity stream, user groups, extended profiles, and so much more. You just have to download and configure it.
If BuddyPress doesn’t meet all your needs, don’t give up on your dreams. You can try out WP Symposium or PeepSo. There are also several themes you can use to build a social network.

3. Create A Forum For Your Brand’s Community
Communities are very important for your business. They help you stay in constant connection with your users and consumers. And allow you to turn them into a loyal customer base. Meanwhile, there are many good technologies that can be used for building a community page – the good old WordPress is still the best.
It is the best community development technology. If you want to build your online community, you need to consider all the amazing features you get with WordPress. Plugins such as BB Press is an open-source, template-driven PHP/ MySQL forum software. It is very simple and doesn’t hamper the experience of the website.
Other tools such as wpFoRo and Asgaros Forum are equally good for creating a community blog. They are lightweight tools that are easy to manage and integrate with your WordPress site easily. However, there is only one tiny problem; you need to have some technical knowledge to build a WordPress Community blog page.

4. Shortcodes
Since we gave you a problem in the previous section, we would also give you a perfect solution for it. You might not know to code, but you have shortcodes. Shortcodes help you execute functions without having to code. It is an easy way to build an amazing website, add new features, customize plugins easily. They are short lines of code, and rather than memorizing multiple lines; you can have zero technical knowledge and start building a feature-rich website or application.
There are also plugins like Shortcoder, Shortcodes Ultimate, and the Basics available on WordPress that can be used, and you would not even have to remember the shortcodes.

5. Build Online Stores
If you still think about why to use WordPress, use it to build an online store. You can start selling your goods online and start selling. It is an affordable technology that helps you build a feature-rich eCommerce store with WordPress.
WooCommerce is an extension of WordPress and is one of the most used eCommerce solutions. WooCommerce holds a 28% share of the global market and is one of the best ways to set up an online store. It allows you to build user-friendly and professional online stores and has thousands of free and paid extensions. Moreover as an open-source platform, and you don’t have to pay for the license.
Apart from WooCommerce, there are Easy Digital Downloads, iThemes Exchange, Shopify eCommerce plugin, and so much more available.

6. Security Features
WordPress takes security very seriously. It offers tons of external solutions that help you in safeguarding your WordPress site. While there is no way to ensure 100% security, it provides regular updates with security patches and provides several plugins to help with backups, two-factor authorization, and more.
By choosing hosting providers like WP Engine, you can improve the security of the website. It helps in threat detection, manage patching and updates, and internal security audits for the customers, and so much more.

Read More

#use of wordpress #use wordpress for business website #use wordpress for website #what is use of wordpress #why use wordpress #why use wordpress to build a website

Kaia  Schmitt

Kaia Schmitt

1627002660

How to Use Select Query in SQLite Database Python | Python Built-In Database - V

Querying Data - Python Built-In Database - SQLite.

Github - https://github.com/theindianinnovation/Python-SQLite-Database-Tutorial

#python #database #sqlite database python #query #sqlite #sqlite database

Kaia  Schmitt

Kaia Schmitt

1626988020

What is SQLite Database | SQLite Introduction | Python Built-In Database - I

Introduction - Python Built-In Database - SQLite.

Github - https://github.com/theindianinnovation/Python-SQLite-Database-Tutorial

#sqlite #python #database #sqlite introduction #sqlite database