Jaida  Rath

Jaida Rath


Demo: C++20 Modules

Demo of some central features of C++20 modules, changing a simple header-only library into a module.


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Demo: C++20 Modules
Ray  Patel

Ray Patel


Top 20 Most Useful Python Modules or Packages

 March 25, 2021  Deepak@321  0 Comments

Welcome to my blog, In this article, we will learn the top 20 most useful python modules or packages and these modules every Python developer should know.

Hello everybody and welcome back so in this article I’m going to be sharing with you 20 Python modules you need to know. Now I’ve split these python modules into four different categories to make little bit easier for us and the categories are:

  1. Web Development
  2. Data Science
  3. Machine Learning
  4. AI and graphical user interfaces.

Near the end of the article, I also share my personal favorite Python module so make sure you stay tuned to see what that is also make sure to share with me in the comments down below your favorite Python module.

#python #packages or libraries #python 20 modules #python 20 most usefull modules #python intersting modules #top 20 python libraries #top 20 python modules #top 20 python packages

Abigale  Yundt

Abigale Yundt


Standard C++20 Modules support with MSVC in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.8

Please see our Visual Studio 2019 version 16.8 Preview 3 release notes for more of our latest features.

It has been some time since our last update regarding C++ Modules conformance. The toolset, project system, and IDE teams have been hard at work to create a first class C++ Modules experience in Visual Studio 2019. There is a lot to share, so let’s get right into it:

What’s new?

/std:c++latest Implies C++ Modules

Since MSVC began down the path of implementing the Modules TS the toolset has always required the use of /experimental:module on any compilation. Since the merge of Modules into the C++20 standard (we can officially say C++20 now!) the compiler has been working towards C++20 Modules conformance until precisely such a time that we can confidently roll Modules into /std:c++latest. That time is now!

There are a few caveats to implying C++ Modules under /std:c++latest:

  • /std:c++latest now implies /permissive-. This means that customers currently relying on the permissive behavior of the compiler in combination with /std:c++latest are required to now apply /permissive on the command line. Note: enabling /permissive also disables the use of Modules.
  • Now that Modules are rolled into the latest language mode some code is subject to breakage due to module and import being converted into keywords. We have documented some of the common scenarios. The paper MSVC implements in order to convert module and import into keywords has even more scenarios: P1857R1.
  • The std.* Modules which ship with Visual Studio will not be available through /std:c++latest alone. The standard library Modules have not yet been standardized and as such remain experimental. To continue using the standard library Modules users will need /experimental:module as part of their command line options.
Private Module Fragments

C++20 added a new section to a primary Module interface known as the private Module fragment, [module.private.frag]. Private Module fragments allow authors to truly hide details of a library without having to create a separate C++ source file to contain implementation details. Imagine a scenario where a PIMPL pattern is used in a primary Module interface:

#include <memory>
export module m;
struct Impl;

class S {
  void do_stuff();
  Impl* get() const { return impl.get(); }
  std::unique_ptr<Impl> impl;

module :private; // Everything beyond this point is not available to importers of 'm'.

struct Impl {
  void do_stuff() { }

  impl{ std::make_unique<Impl>() }

S::~S() { }

void S::do_stuff() {

And on the import side:

import m;

int main() {
    S s;
    s.do_stuff();         // OK.
    s.get();              // OK: pointer to incomplete type.
    auto impl = *s.get(); // ill-formed: use of undefined type 'Impl'.

The private Module partition is an abstraction barrier shielding the consumer of the containing Module from anything defined in the purview of the private partition, effectively enabling single-“header” libraries with better hygiene, improved encapsulation, and reduced build system administrivia.

#announcement #c++ #buildsystem #c++ language #c++20 #intellisense #modules

Tamale  Moses

Tamale Moses


How to Run C/C++ in Sublime Text?

C and C++ are the most powerful programming language in the world. Most of the super fast and complex libraries and algorithms are written in C or C++. Most powerful Kernel programs are also written in C. So, there is no way to skip it.

In programming competitions, most programmers prefer to write code in C or C++. Tourist is considered the worlds top programming contestant of all ages who write code in C++.

During programming competitions, programmers prefer to use a lightweight editor to focus on coding and algorithm designing. VimSublime Text, and Notepad++ are the most common editors for us. Apart from the competition, many software developers and professionals love to use Sublime Text just because of its flexibility.

I have discussed the steps we need to complete in this blog post before running a C/C++ code in Sublime Text. We will take the inputs from an input file and print outputs to an output file without using freopen file related functions in C/C++.

#cpp #c #c-programming #sublimetext #c++ #c/c++

Dicey Issues in C/C++

If you are familiar with C/C++then you must have come across some unusual things and if you haven’t, then you are about to. The below codes are checked twice before adding, so feel free to share this article with your friends. The following displays some of the issues:

  1. Using multiple variables in the print function
  2. Comparing Signed integer with unsigned integer
  3. Putting a semicolon at the end of the loop statement
  4. C preprocessor doesn’t need a semicolon
  5. Size of the string matters
  6. Macros and equations aren’t good friends
  7. Never compare Floating data type with double data type
  8. Arrays have a boundary
  9. Character constants are different from string literals
  10. Difference between single(=) and double(==) equal signs.

The below code generates no error since a print function can take any number of inputs but creates a mismatch with the variables. The print function is used to display characters, strings, integers, float, octal, and hexadecimal values onto the output screen. The format specifier is used to display the value of a variable.

  1. %d indicates Integer Format Specifier
  2. %f indicates Float Format Specifier
  3. %c indicates Character Format Specifier
  4. %s indicates String Format Specifier
  5. %u indicates Unsigned Integer Format Specifier
  6. %ld indicates Long Int Format Specifier

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A signed integer is a 32-bit datum that encodes an integer in the range [-2147483648 to 2147483647]. An unsigned integer is a 32-bit datum that encodes a non-negative integer in the range [0 to 4294967295]. The signed integer is represented in twos-complement notation. In the below code the signed integer will be converted to the maximum unsigned integer then compared with the unsigned integer.

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#problems-with-c #dicey-issues-in-c #c-programming #c++ #c #cplusplus

Sadie  Ratke

Sadie Ratke


Behind the compiler: 20 examples of C# code before and after compiling

Over years I have written many blog posts about C# and .NET that demonstrate also how things work internally and what C# compiler produces from the code we write. I have called these chapters usually as “Behind the compiler”. This post is growing list of my writings covering interesting findings about C# compiler work.

#c# #c #c++ #programming-c