Vern  Greenholt

Vern Greenholt


The Suspected Ineffectiveness of Champion Class Composition

The common notion during the draft phase of a League game is that there should be at least one tank, balanced AD and AP champion ratio, etc to form a strong champion composition. If that is true, is there a way to incorporate champion class composition data to predict the match outcome? Sure there are many other factors that affect the outcome of the game, but many times when a game is won or lost, people point at the pick-ban phase (the champion drafting phase) to blame for the result. Perhaps a study into this can tell us to what extent we can blame the coaches for right/wrong picks and bans.

In this study, I used k-means clustering to divide the champions into various clusters, which I will sometimes refer to from now on as “classes”. Some of the derived clusters coincide with our regular notion of champion classes: for example, one cluster is filled with ranged, AD based champions, a cluster we might comfortably call as the Marksman class. Others are not as intuitive. Using this classification, however, does not yield any positive increase in the prediction accuracy of various neural network models. This seems to suggest, although it is not definitive, that champion class composition by itself has no predictive power.

Background and Expectations

Previous Literature

There exists no previous literature that studies the classification of champions. There are a few studies to note, however, to anticipate the result of this study. Hall (2017) shows that completely disregarding champion selection and only taking player statistics from the past 20 matches is sufficient to produce 84.4% accuracy in LoL match prediction. Considering the complexity of LoL, it is hard to assume that additional feature like champion class composition could add on to this already stifling high accuracy.

Furthermore, Huang et al (2015) uses individual win-rates on specific champions to achieve a staggering 91% accuracy in predicting match outcome, which is much better than the 64% they achieved using only champion picks as input features. Considering that their Naive Bayes classifier on champion pick feature probably incorporates more knowledge than just champion composition, we can likely conclude that however effective the selected features for this study are, the resulting accuracy will come out lower than 64%.

These two past studies suggest that the importance of player skill overwhelms the importance of champion picks; the champion class composition, therefore, would be of much lower importance.

What Is the Point in All This Then?

If class composition is projected to be so unimportant, why test it out at all?

There’s no way to phrase this so that it looks more significant; the only reason for this study is to actually prove the intuition that champion class composition is unimportant. Or, with some miracle, find out that it is indeed significant to some degree.

Baseline Accuracy

If we were to use a shallow feedforward neural network taking champion class tags as input features, the resulting accuracy hovers around 50%, plus-minus 1%. Varying the training set and test set, tweaking hyper-parameters and averaging over various runs do not help in increasing the prediction accuracy.

By champion class tags, I mean the class tags that each champion is given by Riot upon its release. For example, Caitlyn is given a Marksman tag, and Diana is given a Fighter tag and Mage tag. There are a total of six given classes: Fighter, Mage, Marksman, Assassin, Tank, Support.

To get the baseline prediction accuracy above, the first method I tried was to retrieve the tag for each champion in each team of the game, turn them into one-hot vectors, then sum them, thus getting a 6 sized vector for each team. I then concatenated them into a 12 sized vector and normalized accordingly before feeding into the neural net.

As this did not amount to anything significant, I filtered through the dataset to extract game files in which champion lanes and roles were marked correctly (RiotApi is infamous for messing this up…smh), then only used these filtered game files as train/test set, only this time I concatenated all the one-hot vectors according to lane (top, jungle, mid, bottom, support respectively in order) and skipped the summation part. This got me a 60 sized input feature, which again, showed dismal prediction accuracy despite all the hyper-parameter tweaking.

Basing a result on Riot’s champion class tags, however, is not really fair, as Riot often just gets it wrong (as with their RiotApi). To better classify the champions, therefore, I decided to use k-means clustering, an unsupervised clustering algorithm.

#league-of-legends #neural-networks #k-means-clustering #predictive-modeling #machine-learning #deep learning

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

The Suspected Ineffectiveness of Champion Class Composition
Lawrence  Lesch

Lawrence Lesch


Superdom: Better and Simpler ES6 DOM Manipulation


You have dom. It has all the DOM virtually within it. Use that power:

// Fetch all the page links
let links = dom.a.href;

// Links open in a new tab = '_blank';

Only for modern browsers

Getting started

Simply use the CDN via

<script src=""></script>

Or use npm or bower:

npm|bower install superdom --save


It always returns an array with the matched elements. Get all the elements that match the selector:

// Simple element selector into an array
let allLinks = dom.a;

// Loop straight on the selection
dom.a.forEach(link => { ... });

// Combined selector
let importantLinks = dom['a.important'];

There are also some predetermined elements, such as id, class and attr:

// Select HTML Elements by id:
let main =;

// by class:
let buttons = dom.class.button;

// or by attribute:
let targeted =;
let targeted = dom.attr['target="_blank"'];


Use it as a function or a tagged template literal to generate DOM fragments:

// Not a typo; tagged template literals
let link = dom`<a href="">Google</a>`;

// It is the same as
let link = dom('<a href="">Google</a>');

Delete elements

Delete a piece of the DOM

// Delete all of the elements with the class .google
delete;   // Is this an ad-block rule?


You can easily manipulate attributes right from the dom node. There are some aliases that share the syntax of the attributes such as html and text (aliases for innerHTML and textContent). There are others that travel through the dom such as parent (alias for parentNode) and children. Finally, class behaves differently as explained below.

Get attributes

The fetching will always return an array with the element for each of the matched nodes (or undefined if not there):

// Retrieve all the urls from the page
let urls = dom.a.href;     // #attr-list
  // ['', '', ...]

// Get an array of the h2 contents (alias of innerHTML)
let h2s = dom.h2.html;     // #attr-alias
  // ['Level 2 header', 'Another level 2 header', ...]

// Get whether any of the attributes has the value "_blank"
let hasBlank =;    // #attr-value
  // true/false

You also use these:

  • html (alias of innerHTML): retrieve a list of the htmls
  • text (alias of textContent): retrieve a list of the htmls
  • parent (alias of parentNode): travel up one level
  • children: travel down one level

Set attributes

// Set target="_blank" to all links = '_blank';     // #attr-set
dom.class.tableofcontents.html = `
  <ul class="tableofcontents">
    ${ => `
        <a href="#${}">

Remove an attribute

To delete an attribute use the delete keyword:

// Remove all urls from the page
delete dom.a.href;

// Remove all ids


It provides an easy way to manipulate the classes.

Get classes

To retrieve whether a particular class is present or not:

// Get an array with true/false for a single class
let isTest = dom.a.class.test;     // #class-one

For a general method to retrieve all classes you can do:

// Get a list of the classes of each matched element
let arrays = dom.a.class;     // #class-arrays
  // [['important'], ['button', 'cta'], ...]

// If you want a plain list with all of the classes:
let flatten = dom.a.class._flat;     // #class-flat
  // ['important', 'button', 'cta', ...]

// And if you just want an string with space-separated classes:
let text = dom.a.class._text;     // #class-text
  // 'important button cta ...'

Add a class

// Add the class 'test' (different ways)
dom.a.class.test = true;    // #class-make-true
dom.a.class = 'test';       // #class-push

Remove a class

// Remove the class 'test'
dom.a.class.test = false;    // #class-make-false


Did we say it returns a simple array?

dom.a.forEach(link => link.innerHTML = 'I am a link');

But what an interesting array it is; indeed we are also proxy'ing it so you can manipulate its sub-elements straight from the selector:

// Replace all of the link's html with 'I am a link'
dom.a.html = 'I am a link';

Of course we might want to manipulate them dynamically depending on the current value. Just pass it a function:

// Append ' ^_^' to all of the links in the page
dom.a.html = html => html + ' ^_^';

// Same as this:
dom.a.forEach(link => link.innerHTML = link.innerHTML + ' ^_^');

Note: this won't work dom.a.html += ' ^_^'; for more than 1 match (for reasons)

Or get into genetics to manipulate the attributes: = '_blank';

// Only to external sites:
let isOwnPage = el => /^https?\:\/\/mypage\.com/.test(el.getAttribute('href')); = (prev, i, element) => isOwnPage(element) ? '' : '_blank';


You can also handle and trigger events:

// Handle click events for all <a> = e => ...;

// Trigger click event for all <a>;


We are using Jest as a Grunt task for testing. Install Jest and run in the terminal:

grunt watch

Download Details:

Author: franciscop
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#javascript #es6 #dom 

Yashi Tyagi


CA Classes - Best CA Classes Online

Chartered Accountancy course requires mental focus & discipline, coaching for CA Foundation, CA Inter and CA Finals are omnipresent, and some of the best faculty’s classes have moved online, in this blog, we are going to give the best way to find online videos lectures, various online websites provide the CA lectures, Smartnstudy one of the best site to CA preparation, here all faculty’s video lecture available.

check here : ca classes

#ca classes online #ca classes in delhi #ca classes app #ca pendrive classes #ca google drive classes #best ca classes online

Joseph  Murray

Joseph Murray


How to Find All the Classes of a Package in Java

In this article let’s take a look at how to find all classes of a package in Java

To find all classes of a package in Java we can use the ClassHunter of Burningwave Core library. So we start by adding the following dependency to our pom.xml:




The next steps are the following:

  • retrieving the ClassHunter through the ComponentContainer
  • defining a regular expression that we must pass to the **ClassCriteria **object that will be injected into the **SearchConfig **object
  • calling the **loadInCache **method that loads in the cache all loadable classes of the indicated paths, then applies the criteria filter and then returns the **SearchResult **object which contains the classes that match the criteria

#java #classes #class #packages #package #how to find all the classes of a package in java

Abigale  Yundt

Abigale Yundt


Forms of Composition in JavaScript and React

One of the core ideas in functional programming is composition: building larger things from smaller things. The canonical example of this idea should be familiar with legos.

Multiple legos can be joined and yield another lego that can continue to be built on and attached to others. In functional programming, the basic unit for composition is functions and larger functions are built by connecting and combining smaller ones.

When asked how to handle a particular scenario, edge case, or requirement, a functional programmer will nearly always answer: ‘with a function’.

Object-oriented concepts like factories, strategy mangers, or polymorphism don’t have an equivalent in the functional paradigm. Functional programming has its own key concepts, composition is one.

A (quick) Aside

One distinction between functional and object oriented programming is best seen in the difference between

circle.area()andarea(circle). In the first version - a more object oriented style -areais a method that exists on theCircleclass and can only be called onCircleinstances. In the second,areais a function that accepts an object. Unlike the object oriented version, it can act on any object that conforms to the type expected byarea.

This illustrates a core difference between the two paradigms. In an object oriented world, data and functionality are coupled -

areais a function on instances ofCircleobjects limited to objects created by that class. In functional programming, data and functionality are decoupled -areais a function that can act on any object that has the required properties.

While object oriented patterns have interfaces, inheritance and other mechanisms for sharing behavior like calculating the area of various shapes, it can often feel like you’re standing in an abandoned abstract factory churning out reverse proxies* 🙃

*I’ve never written an abstract factory and this is just a cheeky line to maintain engagement. Like all things, OO is another tool to leverage when needed.

Forms of Composition

Functions are not the sole unit of composition and the principle extends beyond the domain of functional programming. ReactJS uses components as a unit of composition. Hooks too like

useStateare another unit. If you’re really focusing, you may notice that hooks are just regular functions which is why they are great for composition.

Its possible to build larger components from smaller components, and write custom hooks that extend the capability of existing hooks.

Composition relies on recursion to build larger abstractions from smaller abstractions but with each abstraction layer as the same type as all the others. Once a compositional unit like functions or components exist, you immediately get a compositional model that allows for building high level abstractions very quickly for free. Each layer of abstraction is fundamentally the same type of thing as all the other layers.

An Example of (Functional) Composition

Let’s begin with three functions.

const toUpperCase = str => str.toUpperCase();
const appendExclamationPoints = str => str + '!';
const split = str => str.split('');

Often code takes the output of one function and uses it as the input to another. This is the idea of a pipeline. Data in, data out.

split(appendExclamationPoints(toUpperCase('hello world'))) 
// ["HELLO", "WORLD!"]

While the above works, it isn’t the easiest to read. A simpler abstraction is a single function that can be invoked with some string passed as the parameter.

function appendExclamationPointAndSplitOnSpace(someString) {
    return (someString.toUpperCase() + '!').split();

appendExclamationPointAndSplitOnSpaceagic('hello world') 
// ["Hello", "World!"]

The above function, while meeting the requirements perfectly, isn’t necessarily clean code. It uses an imperative style, specifying each operation to perform to get the desired result. While it may be simple enough to read and understand, a more declarative style would be even easier.

Functional programming can help simplify the above through a helper function called

compose. Compose accepts an arbitrary number of functions, and returns a new function that runs each of the functions passed in such that the output of the previous functions is used as the input to the next

t appendExclamationPointAndSplitOnSpace = compose(

appendExclamationPointAndSplitOnSpace('hello world') 
// ["Hello", "World!"]

Note that the functions execute in a right to left wrapping manner similar to the original example. That is,

splitinvokes the result ofappendExclamationPointswhich invokes the result oftoUpperCase. This results in a declarative style, with no direct function calls or references to the data and methods that exist on the data type. A new function is created that accepts the data and computes the result. Most importantly, we’re able to build the new function from existing smaller functions that we already have or are trivial to write.

Composing functions requires adherence to the following intuitive rule. The output type of function A must match the input type of function B given that B runs with the output from function A. In a practical example, if a function that returns a number is composed with a function that expects a string, some unexpected errors might creep in.

Various implementations of

composecan be found in Lodash, Redux, and other JavaScript libraries. Its certainly not magical, and can be written in under 10 lines.

#functional-programming #javascript #reactjs #composition #pure-functions #compositions-in-javascript #compositions-in-react #javascript-top-story

Target Class Does Not Exist In Laravel 8

As you all know laravel 8 already released and you can see there are many changes and update in laravel 8 version. many laravel users are facing issue in their new Laravel 8 version when they try to load their routes in web.php and they run into an Exception that says something like “Target class postController does not exist”.

Target Class Does Not Exist In Laravel 8

#target class does not exist in laravel 8 #error #target class controller does not exist #target class not found #laravel #target class does not exist error solved