AWS Lambda Vs EC2 | Serverless Vs EC2 | EC2 Alternatives

In this video we are going to learn the differences between ec2 vs lambda by going over:

  1. What is Serverless and what is EC2
  2. Environment, Use Case difference between lambda and ec2
  3. Learn how differently EC2 and Lambda scale
  4. Do Cost comparison lambda vs ec2 for couple cases
  5. Finally we are going to look at some EC2 alternatives and end with parting words.

#aws #lambda #ec2 #serverless #aws lambda

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AWS Lambda Vs EC2 | Serverless Vs EC2 | EC2 Alternatives

AWS Lambda Vs EC2 | Serverless Vs EC2 | EC2 Alternatives

In this video we are going to learn the differences between ec2 vs lambda by going over:

  1. What is Serverless and what is EC2
  2. Environment, Use Case difference between lambda and ec2
  3. Learn how differently EC2 and Lambda scale
  4. Do Cost comparison lambda vs ec2 for couple cases
  5. Finally we are going to look at some EC2 alternatives and end with parting words.

#aws #lambda #ec2 #serverless #aws lambda

Christa  Stehr

Christa Stehr

1598408880

How To Unite AWS KMS with Serverless Application Model (SAM)

The Basics

AWS KMS is a Key Management Service that let you create Cryptographic keys that you can use to encrypt and decrypt data and also other keys. You can read more about it here.

Important points about Keys

Please note that the customer master keys(CMK) generated can only be used to encrypt small amount of data like passwords, RSA key. You can use AWS KMS CMKs to generate, encrypt, and decrypt data keys. However, AWS KMS does not store, manage, or track your data keys, or perform cryptographic operations with data keys.

You must use and manage data keys outside of AWS KMS. KMS API uses AWS KMS CMK in the encryption operations and they cannot accept more than 4 KB (4096 bytes) of data. To encrypt application data, use the server-side encryption features of an AWS service, or a client-side encryption library, such as the AWS Encryption SDK or the Amazon S3 encryption client.

Scenario

We want to create signup and login forms for a website.

Passwords should be encrypted and stored in DynamoDB database.

What do we need?

  1. KMS key to encrypt and decrypt data
  2. DynamoDB table to store password.
  3. Lambda functions & APIs to process Login and Sign up forms.
  4. Sign up/ Login forms in HTML.

Lets Implement it as Serverless Application Model (SAM)!

Lets first create the Key that we will use to encrypt and decrypt password.

KmsKey:
    Type: AWS::KMS::Key
    Properties: 
      Description: CMK for encrypting and decrypting
      KeyPolicy:
        Version: '2012-10-17'
        Id: key-default-1
        Statement:
        - Sid: Enable IAM User Permissions
          Effect: Allow
          Principal:
            AWS: !Sub arn:aws:iam::${AWS::AccountId}:root
          Action: kms:*
          Resource: '*'
        - Sid: Allow administration of the key
          Effect: Allow
          Principal:
            AWS: !Sub arn:aws:iam::${AWS::AccountId}:user/${KeyAdmin}
          Action:
          - kms:Create*
          - kms:Describe*
          - kms:Enable*
          - kms:List*
          - kms:Put*
          - kms:Update*
          - kms:Revoke*
          - kms:Disable*
          - kms:Get*
          - kms:Delete*
          - kms:ScheduleKeyDeletion
          - kms:CancelKeyDeletion
          Resource: '*'
        - Sid: Allow use of the key
          Effect: Allow
          Principal:
            AWS: !Sub arn:aws:iam::${AWS::AccountId}:user/${KeyUser}
          Action:
          - kms:DescribeKey
          - kms:Encrypt
          - kms:Decrypt
          - kms:ReEncrypt*
          - kms:GenerateDataKey
          - kms:GenerateDataKeyWithoutPlaintext
          Resource: '*'

The important thing in above snippet is the KeyPolicy. KMS requires a Key Administrator and Key User. As a best practice your Key Administrator and Key User should be 2 separate user in your Organisation. We are allowing all permissions to the root users.

So if your key Administrator leaves the organisation, the root user will be able to delete this key. As you can see **KeyAdmin **can manage the key but not use it and KeyUser can only use the key. ${KeyAdmin} and **${KeyUser} **are parameters in the SAM template.

You would be asked to provide values for these parameters during SAM Deploy.

#aws #serverless #aws-sam #aws-key-management-service #aws-certification #aws-api-gateway #tutorial-for-beginners #aws-blogs

Gordon  Matlala

Gordon Matlala

1617875400

Adding Code to AWS Lambda, Lambda Layers, and Lambda Extensions Using Docker

2020 was a difficult year for all of us, and it was no different for engineering teams. Many software releases were postponed, and the industry slowed its development speed quite a bit.

But at least at AWS, some teams released updates out of the door at the end of the year. AWS Lambda received two significant improvements:

  • AWS Lambda Extensions; and
  • Support of Docker images for your functions.

With these two new features and Lambda Layers, we now have three ways to add code to Lambda that isn’t directly part of our Lambda function.

The question is now: when should we use what?

In this article, I try to shine some light on the Lambda Layers, Lambda Extensions, and Docker image for Lambda.

First things first. All these Lambda features can be used together. So if you think about where to put your code, at least your decisions aren’t mutually exclusive. You can upload a Docker image and attach a regular Lambda Layer and a Lambda Extension. The same is possible if your Lambda function is based on a ZIP archive.

What does this all mean? Keep reading and find out.

#aws #aws-lambda #serverless #devops #docker #lambda

Creating your first AWS Lambda Function in Node.js | Serverless Saturday

In this Serverless Saturday video, we’ll be going over how to create your first AWS Lambda function!
In the next video, we’ll be covering how to set up CI/CD with your AWS Lambda function so stay tuned and make sure to subscribe!

To get started, log-in to your AWS account here: https://aws.amazon.com/console/

Found this video helpful? Feel free to support this channel here: https://ko-fi.com/jacksonyuan

#node.js #node #lambda #aws #aws lambda #serverless

Ryan  Schneider

Ryan Schneider

1595418900

Serverless Express – Easy APIs On AWS Lambda & AWS HTTP API

TLDR - Take existing Express.js apps and host them easily onto cheap, auto-scaling, serverless infrastructure on AWS Lambda and AWS HTTP API with Serverless Express. It’s packed loads of production-ready features, like custom domains, SSL certificates, canary deployments, and costs ~$0.000003 per request.

If you simply want to host a common Express.js Node.js application, have it auto-scale to billions of requests, and charge you only when it’s used, we have something special for you…

Announcing Serverless Express, a Serverless Framework offering enabling you to easily host and manage Express.js applications on AWS Lambda and the new AWS HTTP API, which is 60% faster and 71% cheaper than their initial API Gateway product.

Serverless Expess is a pure Express.js experience and it’s perfect for those that want to focus on apps, not infrastructure complexity.

Here are the highlights:

  • Easy, Safe, Performance - Includes the optimal infrastructure pattern for cost, performance & scale.
  • Never Pay For Idle - No API requests? No cost. Averages ~$0.000003 per request.
  • Zero Configuration - Add your Express app, then deploy (advanced config options are available).
  • Fast Deployments - Deploy changes to the cloud in seconds.
  • Real-time Logging - Rapidly develop on the cloud w/ real-time logs and errors in the CLI.
  • Canary Deployments - Deploy your app gradually to a subset of your traffic.
  • Custom Domain + SSL - Auto-configure a custom domain w/ a free AWS ACM SSL certificate.
  • Team Collaboration - Collaborate with your teamates with shared state and outputs.

Here is how to get started and deliver a Serverless Express.js based API with a custom domain, free SSL certificate and much more! You can also check out our Serverless Fullstack Application boilerplate, which includes Serverless Express in a real-world example that features a database, website using React and more.

Set-Up

Serverless Express is a Serverless Framework Component (i.e premium experiences for popular serverless use-cases) and you’ll need to install Node.js and the Serverless Framework CLI to use it.

Install Node.js here.

Then run this command to install Serverless Framework.

npm i -g serverless

Next, install the Serverless Express template:

serverless create --template-url https://github.com/serverless/components/tree/master/templates/express

Lastly, Serverless Express deploys onto your own Amazon Web Services account, so you’ll need Access Keys to an AWS account you own. Follow this guide to create those.

After you have created AWS Access Keys you can add them directly to an .env file, or reference an AWS Profile in a .env file, within the root of the template you installed.

AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=123456789
AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=123456789

You can also reference an AWS Profile in a .env file like this.

AWS_PROFILE=default

If you don’t include a .env file, the Serverless Framework will automatically look for a default AWS Profile in the root folder of your machine.

Also, Serverless Framework has a built-in stages concept. If you change the stage it will deploy a totally separate copy of your serverless application.

# serverless.yml
component: express@1.0.8
  name: express-api
  stage: prod

Even better, you can use different .env files for each stage by simply using this convention:

.env # all stages
.env.dev # "dev" stage
.env.prod # "prod" stage

One last—often overlooked—step is to install the Express.js dependency, by running npm i in the template.

#serverless #apis #aws #aws lambda #aws http api