Elvis Miranda

Elvis Miranda


Faster Python without restructuring your code

While Python’s multiprocessing library has been used successfully for a wide range of applications, in this blog post, we show that it falls short for several important classes of applications including numerical data processing, stateful computation, and computation with expensive initialization. There are two main reasons:

  • Inefficient handling of numerical data.
  • Missing abstractions for stateful computation (i.e., an inability to share variables between separate “tasks”).

Ray is a fast, simple framework for building and running distributed applications that addresses these issues. For an introduction to some of the basic concepts, see this blog post. Ray leverages Apache Arrow for efficient data handling and provides task and actor abstractions for distributed computing.

This blog post benchmarks three workloads that aren’t easily expressed with Python multiprocessing and compares Ray, Python multiprocessing, and serial Python code. Note that it’s important to always compare to optimized single-threaded code.

In these benchmarks, Ray is 10–30x faster than serial Python, 5–25x faster than multiprocessing, and 5–15x faster than the faster of these two on a large machine.

The benchmarks were run on EC2 using the m5 instance types (m5.large for 1 physical core and m5.24xlarge for 48 physical cores). Code for running all of the benchmarks is available here. Abbreviated snippets are included in this post. The main differences are that the full benchmarks include 1) timing and printing code, 2) code for warming up the Ray object store, and 3) code for adapting the benchmark to smaller machines.

Benchmark 1: Numerical Data

Many machine learning, scientific computing, and data analysis workloads make heavy use of large arrays of data. For example, an array may represent a large image or dataset, and an application may wish to have multiple tasks analyze the image. Handling numerical data efficiently is critical.

Each pass through the for loop below takes 0.84s with Ray, 7.5s with Python multiprocessing, and 24s with serial Python (on 48 physical cores). This performance gap explains why it is possible to build libraries like Modin on top of Ray but not on top of other libraries.

The code looks as follows with Ray.

import numpy as np
import psutil
import ray
import scipy.signal

num_cpus = psutil.cpu_count(logical=False)


def f(image, random_filter):
    # Do some image processing.
    return scipy.signal.convolve2d(image, random_filter)[::5, ::5]

filters = [np.random.normal(size=(4, 4)) for _ in range(num_cpus)]

# Time the code below.

for _ in range(10):
    image = np.zeros((3000, 3000))
    image_id = ray.put(image)
    ray.get([f.remote(image_id, filters[i]) for i in range(num_cpus)])


By calling ray.put(image), the large array is stored in shared memory and can be accessed by all of the worker processes without creating copies. This works not just with arrays but also with objects that contain arrays (like lists of arrays).

When the workers execute the f task, the results are again stored in shared memory. Then when the script calls ray.get([...]), it creates numpy arrays backed by shared memory without having to deserialize or copy the values.

These optimizations are made possible by Ray’s use of Apache Arrow as the underlying data layout and serialization format as well as the Plasma shared-memory object store.

The code looks as follows with Python multiprocessing.

from multiprocessing import Pool
import numpy as np
import psutil
import scipy.signal

num_cpus = psutil.cpu_count(logical=False)

def f(args):
    image, random_filter = args
    # Do some image processing.
    return scipy.signal.convolve2d(image, random_filter)[::5, ::5]

pool = Pool(num_cpus)

filters = [np.random.normal(size=(4, 4)) for _ in range(num_cpus)]

# Time the code below.

for _ in range(10):
    image = np.zeros((3000, 3000))
    pool.map(f, zip(num_cpus * [image], filters))


The difference here is that Python multiprocessing uses pickle to serialize large objects when passing them between processes. This approach requires each process to create its own copy of the data, which adds substantial memory usage as well as overhead for expensive deserialization, which Ray avoids by using the Apache Arrow data layout for zero-copy serialization along with the Plasma store.

Benchmark 2: Stateful Computation

Workloads that require substantial “state” to be shared between many small units of work are another category of workloads that pose a challenge for Python multiprocessing. This pattern is extremely common, and I illustrate it hear with a toy stream processing application.

State is often encapsulated in Python classes, and Ray provides an actor abstraction so that classes can be used in the parallel and distributed setting. In contrast, Python multiprocessing doesn’t provide a natural way to parallelize Python classes, and so the user often needs to pass the relevant state around between map calls. This strategy can be tricky to implement in practice (many Python variables are not easily serializable) and it can be slow when it does work.

Below is a toy example that uses parallel tasks to process one document at a time, extract the prefixes of each word, and return the most common prefixes at the end. The prefix counts are stored in the actor state and mutated by the different tasks.

This example takes 3.2s with Ray, 21s with Python multiprocessing, and 54s with serial Python (on 48 physical cores).

The Ray version looks as follows.

from collections import defaultdict
import numpy as np
import psutil
import ray

num_cpus = psutil.cpu_count(logical=False)


class StreamingPrefixCount(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.prefix_count = defaultdict(int)
        self.popular_prefixes = set()

    def add_document(self, document):
        for word in document:
            for i in range(1, len(word)):
                prefix = word[:i]
                self.prefix_count[prefix] += 1
                if self.prefix_count[prefix] > 3:

    def get_popular(self):
        return self.popular_prefixes

streaming_actors = [StreamingPrefixCount.remote() for _ in range(num_cpus)]

# Time the code below.

for i in range(num_cpus * 10):
    document = [np.random.bytes(20) for _ in range(10000)]
    streaming_actors[i % num_cpus].add_document.remote(document)

# Aggregate all of the results.
results = ray.get([actor.get_popular.remote() for actor in streaming_actors])
popular_prefixes = set()
for prefixes in results:
    popular_prefixes |= prefixes


Ray performs well here because Ray’s abstractions fit the problem at hand. This application needs a way to encapsulate and mutate state in the distributed setting, and actors fit the bill.

The multiprocessing version looks as follows.

from collections import defaultdict
from multiprocessing import Pool
import numpy as np
import psutil

num_cpus = psutil.cpu_count(logical=False)

def accumulate_prefixes(args):
    running_prefix_count, running_popular_prefixes, document = args
    for word in document:
        for i in range(1, len(word)):
            prefix = word[:i]
            running_prefix_count[prefix] += 1
            if running_prefix_count[prefix] > 3:
    return running_prefix_count, running_popular_prefixes

pool = Pool(num_cpus)

running_prefix_counts = [defaultdict(int) for _ in range(4)]
running_popular_prefixes = [set() for _ in range(4)]

for i in range(10):
    documents = [[np.random.bytes(20) for _ in range(10000)]
                 for _ in range(num_cpus)]
    results = pool.map(
        zip(running_prefix_counts, running_popular_prefixes, documents))
    running_prefix_counts = [result[0] for result in results]
    running_popular_prefixes = [result[1] for result in results]

popular_prefixes = set()
for prefixes in running_popular_prefixes:
    popular_prefixes |= prefixes


The challenge here is that pool.map executes stateless functions meaning that any variables produced in one pool.map call that you want to use in another pool.map call need to be returned from the first call and passed into the second call. For small objects, this approach is acceptable, but when large intermediate results needs to be shared, the cost of passing them around is prohibitive (note that this wouldn’t be true if the variables were being shared between threads, but because they are being shared across process boundaries, the variables must be serialized into a string of bytes using a library like pickle).

Because it has to pass so much state around, the multiprocessing version looks extremely awkward, and in the end only achieves a small speedup over serial Python. In reality, you wouldn’t write code like this because you simply wouldn’t use Python multiprocessing for stream processing. Instead, you’d probably use a dedicated stream-processing framework. This example shows that Ray is well-suited for building such a framework or application.

One caveat is that there are many ways to use Python multiprocessing. In this example, we compare to Pool.map because it gives the closest API comparison. It should be possible to achieve better performance in this example by starting distinct processes and setting up multiple multiprocessing queues between them, however that leads to a complex and brittle design.

Benchmark 3: Expensive Initialization

In contrast to the previous example, many parallel computations don’t necessarily require intermediate computation to be shared between tasks, but benefit from it anyway. Even stateless computation can benefit from sharing state when the state is expensive to initialize.

Below is an example in which we want to load a saved neural net from disk and use it to classify a bunch of images in parallel.

This example takes 5s with Ray, 126s with Python multiprocessing, and 64s with serial Python (on 48 physical cores). In this case, the serial Python version uses many cores (via TensorFlow) to parallelize the computation and so it is not actually single threaded.

Suppose we’ve initially created the model by running the following.

import tensorflow as tf

mnist = tf.keras.datasets.mnist.load_data()
x_train, y_train = mnist[0]
x_train = x_train / 255.0
model = tf.keras.models.Sequential([
    tf.keras.layers.Flatten(input_shape=(28, 28)),
    tf.keras.layers.Dense(512, activation=tf.nn.relu),
    tf.keras.layers.Dense(10, activation=tf.nn.softmax)
# Train the model.
model.fit(x_train, y_train, epochs=1)
# Save the model to disk.
filename = '/tmp/model'


Now we wish to load the model and use it to classify a bunch of images. We do this in batches because in the application the images may not all become available simultaneously and the image classification may need to be done in parallel with the data loading.

The Ray version looks as follows.

import psutil
import ray
import sys
import tensorflow as tf

num_cpus = psutil.cpu_count(logical=False)


filename = '/tmp/model'

class Model(object):
    def __init__(self, i):
        # Pin the actor to a specific core if we are on Linux to prevent
        # contention between the different actors since TensorFlow uses
        # multiple threads.
        if sys.platform == 'linux':
        # Load the model and some data.
        self.model = tf.keras.models.load_model(filename)
        mnist = tf.keras.datasets.mnist.load_data()
        self.x_test = mnist[1][0] / 255.0

    def evaluate_next_batch(self):
        # Note that we reuse the same data over and over, but in a
        # real application, the data would be different each time.
        return self.model.predict(self.x_test)

actors = [Model.remote(i) for i in range(num_cpus)]

# Time the code below.

# Parallelize the evaluation of some test data.
for j in range(10):
    results = ray.get([actor.evaluate_next_batch.remote() for actor in actors])


Loading the model is slow enough that we only want to do it once. The Ray version amortizes this cost by loading the model once in the actor’s constructor. If the model needs to be placed on a GPU, then initialization will be even more expensive.

The multiprocessing version is slower because it needs to reload the model in every map call because the mapped functions are assumed to be stateless.

The multiprocessing version looks as follows. Note that in some cases, it is possible to achieve this using the initializer argument to multiprocessing.Pool. However, this is limited to the setting in which the initialization is the same for each process and doesn’t allow for different processes to perform different setup functions (e.g., loading different neural network models), and doesn’t allow for different tasks to be targeted to different workers.

from multiprocessing import Pool
import psutil
import sys
import tensorflow as tf

num_cpus = psutil.cpu_count(logical=False)

filename = '/tmp/model'

def evaluate_next_batch(i):
    # Pin the process to a specific core if we are on Linux to prevent
    # contention between the different processes since TensorFlow uses
    # multiple threads.
    if sys.platform == 'linux':
    model = tf.keras.models.load_model(filename)
    mnist = tf.keras.datasets.mnist.load_data()
    x_test = mnist[1][0] / 255.0
    return model.predict(x_test)

pool = Pool(num_cpus)

for _ in range(10):
    pool.map(evaluate_next_batch, range(num_cpus))


What we’ve seen in all of these examples is that Ray’s performance comes not just from its performance optimizations but also from having abstractions that are appropriate for the tasks at hand. Stateful computation is important for many many applications, and coercing stateful computation into stateless abstractions comes at a cost.

Run the Benchmarks

Before running these benchmarks, you will need to install the following.

pip install numpy psutil ray scipy tensorflow

Then all of the numbers above can be reproduced by running these scripts.

If you have trouble installing psutil, then try using Anaconda Python.

The original benchmarks were run on EC2 using the m5 instance types (m5.large for 1 physical core and m5.24xlarge for 48 physical cores).

In order to launch an instance on AWS or GCP with the right configuration, you can use the Ray autoscaler and run the following command.

pip install numpy psutil ray scipy tensorflow

An example config.yaml is provided here (for starting an m5.4xlarge instance).

More About Ray

While this blog post focuses on benchmarks between Ray and Python multiprocessing, an apples-to-apples comparison is challenging because these libraries are not very similar. Differences include the following.

  • Ray is designed for scalability and can run the same code on a laptop as well as a cluster (multiprocessing only runs on a single machine).
  • Ray workloads automatically recover from machine and process failures.
  • Ray is designed in a language-agnostic manner and has preliminary support for Java.

More relevant links are below.

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Faster Python without restructuring your code
Monty  Boehm

Monty Boehm


How to Use Hotwire Rails


We are back with another exciting and much-talked-about Rails tutorial on how to use Hotwire with the Rails application. This Hotwire Rails tutorial is an alternate method for building modern web applications that consume a pinch of JavaScript.

Rails 7 Hotwire is the default front-end framework shipped with Rails 7 after it was launched. It is used to represent HTML over the wire in the Rails application. Previously, we used to add a hotwire-rails gem in our gem file and then run rails hotwire: install. However, with the introduction of Rails 7, the gem got deprecated. Now, we use turbo-rails and stimulus rails directly, which work as Hotwire’s SPA-like page accelerator and Hotwire’s modest JavaScript framework.

What is Hotwire?

Hotwire is a package of different frameworks that help to build applications. It simplifies the developer’s work for writing web pages without the need to write JavaScript, and instead sending HTML code over the wire.

Introduction to The Hotwire Framework:

1. Turbo:

It uses simplified techniques to build web applications while decreasing the usage of JavaScript in the application. Turbo offers numerous handling methods for the HTML data sent over the wire and displaying the application’s data without actually loading the entire page. It helps to maintain the simplicity of web applications without destroying the single-page application experience by using the below techniques:

Turbo Frames: Turbo Frames help to load the different sections of our markup without any dependency as it divides the page into different contexts separately called frames and updates these frames individually.
Turbo Drive: Every link doesn’t have to make the entire page reload when clicked. Only the HTML contained within the tag will be displayed.
Turbo Streams: To add real-time features to the application, this technique is used. It helps to bring real-time data to the application using CRUD actions.

2. Stimulus

It represents the JavaScript framework, which is required when JS is a requirement in the application. The interaction with the HTML is possible with the help of a stimulus, as the controllers that help those interactions are written by a stimulus.

3. Strada

Not much information is available about Strada as it has not been officially released yet. However, it works with native applications, and by using HTML bridge attributes, interaction is made possible between web applications and native apps.

Simple diagrammatic representation of Hotwire Stack:

Hotwire Stack

Prerequisites For Hotwire Rails Tutorial

As we are implementing the Ruby on Rails Hotwire tutorial, make sure about the following installations before you can get started.

  • Ruby on Rails
  • Hotwire gem
  • PostgreSQL/SQLite (choose any one database)
  • Turbo Rails
  • Stimulus.js

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Create a new Rails Project

Find the following commands to create a rails application.

mkdir ~/projects/railshotwire
cd ~/projects/railshotwire
echo "source 'https://rubygems.org'" > Gemfile
echo "gem 'rails', '~> 7.0.0'" >> Gemfile
bundle install  
bundle exec rails new . --force -d=postgresql

Now create some files for the project, up till now no usage of Rails Hotwire can be seen.
Fire the following command in your terminal.

  • For creating a default controller for the application
echo "class HomeController < ApplicationController" > app/controllers/home_controller.rb
echo "end" >> app/controllers/home_controller.rb
  • For creating another controller for the application
echo "class OtherController < ApplicationController" > app/controllers/other_controller.rb
echo "end" >> app/controllers/home_controller.rb
  • For creating routes for the application
echo "Rails.application.routes.draw do" > config/routes.rb
echo '  get "home/index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo '  get "other/index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo '  root to: "home#index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo 'end' >> config/routes.rb
  • For creating a default view for the application
mkdir app/views/home
echo '<h1>This is Rails Hotwire homepage</h1>' > app/views/home/index.html.erb
echo '<div><%= link_to "Enter to other page", other_index_path %></div>' >> app/views/home/index.html.erb
  • For creating another view for the application
mkdir app/views/other
echo '<h1>This is Another page</h1>' > app/views/other/index.html.erb
echo '<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>' >> app/views/other/index.html.erb
  • For creating a database and schema.rb file for the application
bin/rails db:create
bin/rails db:migrate
  • For checking the application run bin/rails s and open your browser, your running application will have the below view.

Rails Hotwire Home Page

Additionally, you can clone the code and browse through the project. Here’s the source code of the repository: Rails 7 Hotwire application

Now, let’s see how Hotwire Rails can work its magic with various Turbo techniques.

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Drive

Go to your localhost:3000 on your web browser and right-click on the Inspect and open a Network tab of the DevTools of the browser.

Now click on go to another page link that appears on the home page to redirect from the home page to another page. In our Network tab, we can see that this action of navigation is achieved via XHR. It appears only the part inside HTML is reloaded, here neither the CSS is reloaded nor the JS is reloaded when the navigation action is performed.

Hotwire Rails Turbo Drive

By performing this action we can see that Turbo Drive helps to represent the HTML response without loading the full page and only follows redirect and reindeer HTML responses which helps to make the application faster to access.

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Frame

This technique helps to divide the current page into different sections called frames that can be updated separately independently when new data is added from the server.
Below we discuss the different use cases of Turbo frame like inline edition, sorting, searching, and filtering of data.

Let’s perform some practical actions to see the example of these use cases.

Make changes in the app/controllers/home_controller.rb file


class HomeController < ApplicationController
   def turbo_frame_form
   def turbo_frame submit
      extracted_anynumber = params[:any][:anynumber]
      render :turbo_frame_form, status: :ok, locals: {anynumber: extracted_anynumber,      comment: 'turbo_frame_submit ok' }

Turbo Frame

Add app/views/home/turbo_frame_form.html.erb file to the application and add this content inside the file.



    <%= turbo_frame_tag 'anyframe' do %>
          <h2>Frame view</h2>
          <%= form_with scope: :any, url: turbo_frame_submit_path, local: true do |form| %>
              <%= form.label :anynumber, 'Type an integer (odd or even)', 'class' => 'my-0  d-inline'  %>
              <%= form.text_field :anynumber, type: 'number', 'required' => 'true', 'value' => "#{local_assigns[:anynumber] || 0}",  'aria-describedby' => 'anynumber' %>
              <%= form.submit 'Submit this number', 'id' => 'submit-number' %>
          <% end %>
        <h2>Data of the view</h2>
        <pre style="font-size: .7rem;"><%= JSON.pretty_generate(local_assigns) %></pre> 
    <% end %>


Add the content inside file

Make some adjustments in routes.rb


Rails.application.routes.draw do
  get 'home/index'
  get 'other/index'

  get '/home/turbo_frame_form' => 'home#turbo_frame_form', as: 'turbo_frame_form'
  post '/home/turbo_frame_submit' => 'home#turbo_frame_submit', as: 'turbo_frame_submit'

  root to: "home#index"
  • Next step is to change homepage view in app/views/home/index.html.erb


<h1>This is Rails Hotwire home page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to other page", other_index_path %></div>

<%= turbo_frame_tag 'anyframe' do %>        
      <h2>Home view</h2>
      <%= form_with scope: :any, url: turbo_frame_submit_path, local: true do |form| %>
          <%= form.label :anynumber, 'Type an integer (odd or even)', 'class' => 'my-0  d-inline'  %>
          <%= form.text_field :anynumber, type: 'number', 'required' => 'true', 'value' => "#{local_assigns[:anynumber] || 0}",  'aria-describedby' => 'anynumber' %>
          <%= form.submit 'Submit this number', 'id' => 'submit-number' %>
      <% end %>
<% end %>

Change HomePage

After making all the changes, restart the rails server and refresh the browser, the default view will appear on the browser.

restart the rails serverNow in the field enter any digit, after entering the digit click on submit button, and as the submit button is clicked we can see the Turbo Frame in action in the below screen, we can observe that the frame part changed, the first title and first link didn’t move.

submit button is clicked

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Streams

Turbo Streams deliver page updates over WebSocket, SSE or in response to form submissions by only using HTML and a series of CRUD-like operations, you are free to say that either

  • Update the piece of HTML while responding to all the other actions like the post, put, patch, and delete except the GET action.
  • Transmit a change to all users, without reloading the browser page.

This transmit can be represented by a simple example.

  • Make changes in app/controllers/other_controller.rb file of rails application


class OtherController < ApplicationController

  def post_something
    respond_to do |format|
      format.turbo_stream {  }


file of rails application

Add the below line in routes.rb file of the application


post '/other/post_something' => 'other#post_something', as: 'post_something'
Add the below line

Superb! Rails will now attempt to locate the app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template at any moment the ‘/other/post_something’ endpoint is reached.

For this, we need to add app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template in the rails application.


<turbo-stream action="append" target="messages">
    <div id="message_1">This changes the existing message!</div>
Add template in the rails application

This states that the response will try to append the template of the turbo frame with ID “messages”.

Now change the index.html.erb file in app/views/other paths with the below content.


<h1>This is Another page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>

<div style="margin-top: 3rem;">
  <%= form_with scope: :any, url: post_something_path do |form| %>
      <%= form.submit 'Post any message %>
  <% end %>
  <turbo-frame id="messages">
    <div>An empty message</div>
change the index.html.erb file
  • After making all the changes, restart the rails server and refresh the browser, and go to the other page.

go to the other page

  • Once the above screen appears, click on the Post any message button

Post any message button

This action shows that after submitting the response, the Turbo Streams help the developer to append the message, without reloading the page.

Another use case we can test is that rather than appending the message, the developer replaces the message. For that, we need to change the content of app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template file and change the value of the action attribute from append to replace and check the changes in the browser.


<turbo-stream action="replace" target="messages">
    <div id="message_1">This changes the existing message!</div>

change the value of the action attributeWhen we click on Post any message button, the message that appear below that button will get replaced with the message that is mentioned in the app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template

click on Post any message button


There are some cases in an application where JS is needed, therefore to cover those scenarios we require Hotwire JS tool. Hotwire has a JS tool because in some scenarios Turbo-* tools are not sufficient. But as we know that Hotwire is used to reduce the usage of JS in an application, Stimulus considers HTML as the single source of truth. Consider the case where we have to give elements on a page some JavaScript attributes, such as data controller, data-action, and data target. For that, a stimulus controller that can access elements and receive events based on those characteristics will be created.

Make a change in app/views/other/index.html.erb template file in rails application


<h1>This is Another page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>

<div style="margin-top: 2rem;">
  <%= form_with scope: :any, url: post_something_path do |form| %>
      <%= form.submit 'Post something' %>
  <% end %>
  <turbo-frame id="messages">
    <div>An empty message</div>

<div style="margin-top: 2rem;">
  <div data-controller="hello">
    <input data-hello-target="name" type="text">
    <button data-action="click->hello#greet">
    <span data-hello-target="output">

Make A changeMake changes in the hello_controller.js in path app/JavaScript/controllers and add a stimulus controller in the file, which helps to bring the HTML into life.


import { Controller } from "@hotwired/stimulus"

export default class extends Controller {
  static targets = [ "name", "output" ]

  greet() {
    this.outputTarget.textContent =
      `Hello, ${this.nameTarget.value}!`

add a stimulus controller in the fileGo to your browser after making the changes in the code and click on Enter to other page link which will navigate to the localhost:3000/other/index page there you can see the changes implemented by the stimulus controller that is designed to augment your HTML with just enough behavior to make it more responsive.

With just a little bit of work, Turbo and Stimulus together offer a complete answer for applications that are quick and compelling.

Using Rails 7 Hotwire helps to load the pages at a faster speed and allows you to render templates on the server, where you have access to your whole domain model. It is a productive development experience in ROR, without compromising any of the speed or responsiveness associated with SPA.


We hope you were satisfied with our Rails Hotwire tutorial. Write to us at service@bacancy.com for any query that you want to resolve, or if you want us to share a tutorial on your query.

For more such solutions on RoR, check out our Ruby on Rails Tutorials. We will always strive to amaze you and cater to your needs.

Original article source at: https://www.bacancytechnology.com/

#rails #ruby 

Shardul Bhatt

Shardul Bhatt


Why use Python for Software Development

No programming language is pretty much as diverse as Python. It enables building cutting edge applications effortlessly. Developers are as yet investigating the full capability of end-to-end Python development services in various areas. 

By areas, we mean FinTech, HealthTech, InsureTech, Cybersecurity, and that's just the beginning. These are New Economy areas, and Python has the ability to serve every one of them. The vast majority of them require massive computational abilities. Python's code is dynamic and powerful - equipped for taking care of the heavy traffic and substantial algorithmic capacities. 

Programming advancement is multidimensional today. Endeavor programming requires an intelligent application with AI and ML capacities. Shopper based applications require information examination to convey a superior client experience. Netflix, Trello, and Amazon are genuine instances of such applications. Python assists with building them effortlessly. 

5 Reasons to Utilize Python for Programming Web Apps 

Python can do such numerous things that developers can't discover enough reasons to admire it. Python application development isn't restricted to web and enterprise applications. It is exceptionally adaptable and superb for a wide range of uses.

Robust frameworks 

Python is known for its tools and frameworks. There's a structure for everything. Django is helpful for building web applications, venture applications, logical applications, and mathematical processing. Flask is another web improvement framework with no conditions. 

Web2Py, CherryPy, and Falcon offer incredible capabilities to customize Python development services. A large portion of them are open-source frameworks that allow quick turn of events. 

Simple to read and compose 

Python has an improved sentence structure - one that is like the English language. New engineers for Python can undoubtedly understand where they stand in the development process. The simplicity of composing allows quick application building. 

The motivation behind building Python, as said by its maker Guido Van Rossum, was to empower even beginner engineers to comprehend the programming language. The simple coding likewise permits developers to roll out speedy improvements without getting confused by pointless subtleties. 

Utilized by the best 

Alright - Python isn't simply one more programming language. It should have something, which is the reason the business giants use it. Furthermore, that too for different purposes. Developers at Google use Python to assemble framework organization systems, parallel information pusher, code audit, testing and QA, and substantially more. Netflix utilizes Python web development services for its recommendation algorithm and media player. 

Massive community support 

Python has a steadily developing community that offers enormous help. From amateurs to specialists, there's everybody. There are a lot of instructional exercises, documentation, and guides accessible for Python web development solutions. 

Today, numerous universities start with Python, adding to the quantity of individuals in the community. Frequently, Python designers team up on various tasks and help each other with algorithmic, utilitarian, and application critical thinking. 

Progressive applications 

Python is the greatest supporter of data science, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence at any enterprise software development company. Its utilization cases in cutting edge applications are the most compelling motivation for its prosperity. Python is the second most well known tool after R for data analytics.

The simplicity of getting sorted out, overseeing, and visualizing information through unique libraries makes it ideal for data based applications. TensorFlow for neural networks and OpenCV for computer vision are two of Python's most well known use cases for Machine learning applications.


Thinking about the advances in programming and innovation, Python is a YES for an assorted scope of utilizations. Game development, web application development services, GUI advancement, ML and AI improvement, Enterprise and customer applications - every one of them uses Python to its full potential. 

The disadvantages of Python web improvement arrangements are regularly disregarded by developers and organizations because of the advantages it gives. They focus on quality over speed and performance over blunders. That is the reason it's a good idea to utilize Python for building the applications of the future.

#python development services #python development company #python app development #python development #python in web development #python software development

Ray  Patel

Ray Patel


50+ Basic Python Code Examples

List, strings, score calculation and more…

1. How to print “Hello World” on Python?

2. How to print “Hello + Username” with the user’s name on Python?

3. How to add 2 numbers entered on Python?

4. How to find the Average of 2 Entered Numbers on Python?

5. How to calculate the Entered Visa and Final Grade Average on Python?

6. How to find the Average of 3 Written Grades entered on Python?

7. How to show the Class Pass Status (PASSED — FAILED) of the Student whose Written Average Has Been Entered on Python?

8. How to find out if the entered number is odd or even on Python?

9. How to find out if the entered number is Positive, Negative, or 0 on Python?

#programming #python #coding #50+ basic python code examples #python programming examples #python code

Ray  Patel

Ray Patel


Common Anti-Patterns in Python

Improve and streamline your code by learning about these common anti-patterns that will save you time and effort. Examples of good and bad practices included.

1. Not Using with to Open Files

When you open a file without the with statement, you need to remember closing the file via calling close() explicitly when finished with processing it. Even while explicitly closing the resource, there are chances of exceptions before the resource is actually released. This can cause inconsistencies, or lead the file to be corrupted. Opening a file via with implements the context manager protocol that releases the resource when execution is outside of the with block.

2. Using list/dict/set Comprehension Unnecessarily

3. Unnecessary Use of Generators

4. Returning More Than One Object Type in a Function Call

5. Not Using get() to Return Default Values From a Dictionary

#code reviews #python programming #debugger #code review tips #python coding #python code #code debugging

August  Larson

August Larson


Live Coding of Python in the Eclipse IDE

This live coding extension makes coders/programmers life easier

Let’s get started…

In this article, I’ll be talking about how to use Live Coding features of Python in Eclipse.

Every time the programmer has to spend a lot of time debugging their code. And still, they failed to debug. This extension will help the coders or programmers to reduce their debugging time. This extension is downloadable in Eclipse IDE.

If you are unaware of how to install the extensions or plugins in eclipse.

Don’t worry at all, I’ll help you out.

Follow these simple steps:-

  • Download Eclipse IDE.
  • After downloading Eclipse, install it on your machine.
  • After installing Eclipse, download Python in Eclipse.
  • Open the Eclipse IDE and set up your workspace.
  • Once done with the above steps, navigate to the **Help **menu tab.
  • In the Help menu tab, click on the “Eclipse Marketplace” option.
  • Search for **“Live Coding in Python” (**or use this link)andclick on the **Install **button.
  • After click on the Install button, accept all the** terms and conditions.**
  • The download and installation process will start.
  • Now, Restart the Eclipse IDE.
  • And start using the Live coding feature.

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#python #code #towards-data-science #python-programming #coding #live coding of python in the eclipse ide