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Chainlink & Arbitrum: Off-chain Computation Development Guide

This repository allows you to run Chainlink and Arbitrum Docker images together so that contract execution may occur off-chain. The Chainlink node needs to know about the Arbitrum container via a Bridge. A bridge is simply how the Chainlink node communicates with external adapters, which is the role that the Arbitrum container is fulfilling. The quick start guide will assist you with setting up an end-to-end environment demonstrating all components of this use-case.

The goal of this example is to show how a Chainlink request can be made for an off-chain computation of a Solidity contract within the Arbitrum execution environment. Chainlink node operators can run Arbitrum to perform smart contract execution off-chain. This is beneficial when the cost of that computation would be significantly higher to execute it on-chain, while still retaining the same high degree of security.

Prerequisites

  • Docker
  • docker-compose
  • Node.js (10.x.x or higher)
  • Truffle

Quick start

  1. Deploy the on-chain Chainlink contracts:
  • Navigate to the contracts-chainlink directory
  • Run npm install
  • Open variables.js and add the following values:
    • MNEMONIC_OR_PRIVATE_KEY for the Ethereum account you'll be using
    • ETH_URL for the Ethereum node you'll be communicating with
  • Deploy the contracts: truffle migrate --network <rinkeby|ropsten|kovan>
  • Write down the Oracle contract's deployed address -- you'll need it in the next step.

2.   Open env.adapter-bridge, env.arbitrum-validator, and env.chainlink-node, and follow the instructions, adding values for ETH_URL, PRIVATE_KEY, etc. Make sure to add the ORACLE_CONTRACT_ADDRESS value that you received when you deployed the Chainlink Oracle contract.

3.   Ensure that the address controlled by the private key you choose has some Ether.

4.   Run docker-compose up from the repository root. The Chainlink node and the bridge adapter will spin up fairly quickly. The Arbitrum validator service will take longer, because each time it starts, it recompiles the off-chain contract, deploys it to the validator, and also deploys a new on-chain rollup contract to track the off-chain computation results. You will know that the validator is ready when it begins to emit logs such as the following:

validator_1        | 2020/02/12 22:53:54
validator_1        | == nodes:
validator_1        | ==   0:4c2ced leaf latestConfirmed
validator_1        | == stakers:

5.   Find the Chainlink node's Ethereum address in the log output.

  • Open contracts-chainlink/variables.js and set the CHAINLINK_NODE_ADDR variable.
  • Run truffle exec --network <rinkeby|ropsten|kovan> scripts/fund-node.js.
  • Run truffle exec --network <rinkeby|ropsten|kovan> scripts/authorize-node.js.

6.   Open the Chainlink Operator UI at http://localhost:6688 and log in.

7.   Click the "Bridges" link in the top menu. Configure a new bridge with the following values:

8.   Click the "Jobs" link in the top menu. Configure a new job using a job spec like the following:

{
    // The runlog initiator tells the Chainlink node to watch its Oracle contract for a log event telling
    // it to start a data request.
    "initiators": [{ "type": "runlog", "params": {} }],

    "tasks": [
        // The httpGet task fetches some data from the CryptoCompare API that will be used as the arguments
        // to the "getSmallTransactionCount" function in the contract deployed to the Arbitrum validator.
        // The data looks like this (extraneous fields omitted for clarity):
        // {
        //     "Data": {
        //         "Data": [
        //             {
        //                 "transaction_count": 12345,
        //                 "large_transaction_count": 678
        //             }
        //         ]
        //     }
        // }
        { "type": "httpGet", "params": { "url": "https://min-api.cryptocompare.com/data/blockchain/histo/day?fsym=BTC&api_key=<CryptoCompare API key>" } },

        // The jsonParse task parses the JSON and returns the contents of the given keypath.
        { "type": "jsonParse", "params": { "path": ["Data", "Data", "0"] } },

        // The ethTxAbiEncode task expects a JSON object, the entries of which are interpreted as arguments
        // to the function that is to be called.  It outputs hex-encoded calldata which, if submitted as a
        // regular Ethereum transaction, would call that function with those arguments.
        {
            "type": "ethTxAbiEncode",
            "params": {
                "functionABI": {
                    "name": "getSmallTransactionCount",
                    "inputs": [
                        { "name": "transaction_count", "type": "uint256" },
                        { "name": "large_transaction_count", "type": "uint256" }
                    ]
                }
             }
        },

        // The arbitrum task (which is a user-defined "bridge" that needs to be manually configured in the
        // Chainlink Operator UI) expects hex-encoded calldata.  Instead of submitting that calldata as a
        // regular Ethereum transaction, it sends the calldata to an Arbitrum validator node over RPC,
        // which initiates the off-chain computation.  When the computation is complete, this task returns
        // a hex string containing the ABI-encoded result.
        //
        // The `contractAddress` parameter should be the address of the off-chain contract.  It is emitted
        // to the console when the Arbitrum validator Docker container is started and the Truffle migration
        // runs.  The address is deterministic, so unless you decide to deploy multiple interacting
        // off-chain contracts, the address given in this example should always suffice.
        { "type": "arbitrum", "params": { "contractAddress": "0x895521964D724c8362A36608AAf09A3D7d0A0445" } },

        // The ethTx task sends the result of the Arbitrum computation back to the Chainlink node's Oracle
        // contract, which then forwards it to the contract that made the original request.
        { "type": "ethTx" }
    ]
}

Once you create the job, it will be assigned a Job ID (a hex string). Take this ID, open contracts-chainlink/variables.js, and set the JOB_ID variable.

Development workflow

On-chain data requester contract

This contract is located at ./contracts-chainlink/contracts/MyDataConsumer.sol. The main reason to modify it is to alter how the contract stores data (does it aggregate results over time? does it need a different variable type?). Don't forget to redeploy this contract if you make modifications.

Off-chain contracts and migrations

These are located in ./contracts-offchain. After making changes to them, you will need to restart the Dockerized Arbitrum validator service. When you do this, the new code is compiled to Arbitrum bytecode and deployed to the validator, and a new on-chain rollup contract is deployed to track the off-chain computation results.

If you change the name or arguments of the off-chain function you're calling, you will also have to update the Chainlink job spec (see next section).

The job spec

If you make changes to the job spec, you will need to create a new job in the Chainlink Operator UI (http://localhost:6688). Then, take the job ID of the new job, open contracts-chainlink/variables.js, and set the JOB_ID variable.

Making a data request

Before you make any data requests, you have to send some LINK tokens to the on-chain MyDataConsumer contract. Acquire some LINK at one of our testnet faucets (see https://docs.chain.link/docs/testnet-oracles), and then run the following commands:

cd contracts-chainlink
truffle exec --network <rinkeby|ropsten|kovan> ./scripts/fund-contract.js

Once that transaction is mined, you can use another helper script to issue requests to the Chainlink oracle node:

cd contracts-chainlink
truffle exec --network <rinkeby|ropsten|kovan> ./scripts/request-data.js

Once the Chainlink node completes the job, it will send a transaction back to the MyDataConsumer contract with the response. To read that response, you can run the final helper script:

cd contracts-chainlink
truffle exec --network <rinkeby|ropsten|kovan> ./scripts/read-contract.js

Download Details:
Author: smartcontractkit
Source Code: https://github.com/smartcontractkit/arbitrum-quickstart
License: MIT license

#smartcontract #blockchain #oracle #chainlink #javascript

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Chainlink & Arbitrum: Off-chain Computation Development Guide
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