The A-Z of Web Scraping in 2020 [A How-To Guide]

Many web sites like Twitter, YouTube, or Facebook provide an easy way to access their data through a public API. All the information that you obtained using API is both well structured and normalized. For example, it can be in the format of JSON, CSV, or XML.

Taking data either directly from an API is the easiest way to download datasets from websites. What to do if owners of a web site don’t grant access to their users through API?

Web data extraction or web scraping is the only way to get desired data if owners of a web site don’t grant access to their users through API. Web Scraping is the data extraction technique that substitutes manual repetitive typing or copy-pasting.

This article covers the best strategies of web scraping in 2020.
Read more about it Here

#webscraping #webscraper #dataextraction

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The A-Z of Web Scraping in 2020 [A How-To Guide]
Brain  Crist

Brain Crist

1594753020

Citrix Bugs Allow Unauthenticated Code Injection, Data Theft

Multiple vulnerabilities in the Citrix Application Delivery Controller (ADC) and Gateway would allow code injection, information disclosure and denial of service, the networking vendor announced Tuesday. Four of the bugs are exploitable by an unauthenticated, remote attacker.

The Citrix products (formerly known as NetScaler ADC and Gateway) are used for application-aware traffic management and secure remote access, respectively, and are installed in at least 80,000 companies in 158 countries, according to a December assessment from Positive Technologies.

Other flaws announced Tuesday also affect Citrix SD-WAN WANOP appliances, models 4000-WO, 4100-WO, 5000-WO and 5100-WO.

Attacks on the management interface of the products could result in system compromise by an unauthenticated user on the management network; or system compromise through cross-site scripting (XSS). Attackers could also create a download link for the device which, if downloaded and then executed by an unauthenticated user on the management network, could result in the compromise of a local computer.

“Customers who have configured their systems in accordance with Citrix recommendations [i.e., to have this interface separated from the network and protected by a firewall] have significantly reduced their risk from attacks to the management interface,” according to the vendor.

Threat actors could also mount attacks on Virtual IPs (VIPs). VIPs, among other things, are used to provide users with a unique IP address for communicating with network resources for applications that do not allow multiple connections or users from the same IP address.

The VIP attacks include denial of service against either the Gateway or Authentication virtual servers by an unauthenticated user; or remote port scanning of the internal network by an authenticated Citrix Gateway user.

“Attackers can only discern whether a TLS connection is possible with the port and cannot communicate further with the end devices,” according to the critical Citrix advisory. “Customers who have not enabled either the Gateway or Authentication virtual servers are not at risk from attacks that are applicable to those servers. Other virtual servers e.g. load balancing and content switching virtual servers are not affected by these issues.”

A final vulnerability has been found in Citrix Gateway Plug-in for Linux that would allow a local logged-on user of a Linux system with that plug-in installed to elevate their privileges to an administrator account on that computer, the company said.

#vulnerabilities #adc #citrix #code injection #critical advisory #cve-2020-8187 #cve-2020-8190 #cve-2020-8191 #cve-2020-8193 #cve-2020-8194 #cve-2020-8195 #cve-2020-8196 #cve-2020-8197 #cve-2020-8198 #cve-2020-8199 #denial of service #gateway #information disclosure #patches #security advisory #security bugs

Autumn  Blick

Autumn Blick

1603805749

What's the Link Between Web Automation and Web Proxies?

Web automation and web scraping are quite popular among people out there. That’s mainly because people tend to use web scraping and other similar automation technologies to grab information they want from the internet. The internet can be considered as one of the biggest sources of information. If we can use that wisely, we will be able to scrape lots of important facts. However, it is important for us to use appropriate methodologies to get the most out of web scraping. That’s where proxies come into play.

How Can Proxies Help You With Web Scraping?

When you are scraping the internet, you will have to go through lots of information available out there. Going through all the information is never an easy thing to do. You will have to deal with numerous struggles while you are going through the information available. Even if you can use tools to automate the task and overcome struggles, you will still have to invest a lot of time in it.

When you are using proxies, you will be able to crawl through multiple websites faster. This is a reliable method to go ahead with web crawling as well and there is no need to worry too much about the results that you are getting out of it.

Another great thing about proxies is that they will provide you with the chance to mimic that you are from different geographical locations around the world. While keeping that in mind, you will be able to proceed with using the proxy, where you can submit requests that are from different geographical regions. If you are keen to find geographically related information from the internet, you should be using this method. For example, numerous retailers and business owners tend to use this method in order to get a better understanding of local competition and the local customer base that they have.

If you want to try out the benefits that come along with web automation, you can use a free web proxy. You will be able to start experiencing all the amazing benefits that come along with it. Along with that, you will even receive the motivation to take your automation campaigns to the next level.

#automation #web #proxy #web-automation #web-scraping #using-proxies #website-scraping #website-scraping-tools

Dylan  Iqbal

Dylan Iqbal

1630996646

A Look at an ES2022 Feature: Class Static Initialization Blocks

ECMAScript class static initialization blocks

Class static blocks provide a mechanism to perform additional static initialization during class definition evaluation.

This is not intended as a replacement for public fields, as they provide useful information for static analysis tools and are a valid target for decorators. Rather, this is intended to augment existing use cases and enable new use cases not currently handled by that proposal.

Status

Stage: 4
Champion: Ron Buckton (@rbuckton)

For detailed status of this proposal see TODO, below.

Authors

  • Ron Buckton (@rbuckton)

Motivations

The current proposals for static fields and static private fields provide a mechanism to perform per-field initialization of the static-side of a class during ClassDefinitionEvaluation, however there are some cases that cannot be covered easily. For example, if you need to evaluate statements during initialization (such as try..catch), or set two fields from a single value, you have to perform that logic outside of the class definition.

// without static blocks:
class C {
  static x = ...;
  static y;
  static z;
}

try {
  const obj = doSomethingWith(C.x);
  C.y = obj.y
  C.z = obj.z;
}
catch {
  C.y = ...;
  C.z = ...;
}

// with static blocks:
class C {
  static x = ...;
  static y;
  static z;
  static {
    try {
      const obj = doSomethingWith(this.x);
      this.y = obj.y;
      this.z = obj.z;
    }
    catch {
      this.y = ...;
      this.z = ...;
    }
  }
}

In addition, there are cases where information sharing needs to occur between a class with an instance private field and another class or function declared in the same scope.

Static blocks provide an opportunity to evaluate statements in the context of the current class declaration, with privileged access to private state (be they instance-private or static-private):

let getX;

export class C {
  #x
  constructor(x) {
    this.#x = { data: x };
  }

  static {
    // getX has privileged access to #x
    getX = (obj) => obj.#x;
  }
}

export function readXData(obj) {
  return getX(obj).data;
}

Relation to "Private Declarations"

The Private Declarations proposal also intends to address the issue of privileged access between two classes, by lifting the private name out of the class declaration and into the enclosing scope. While there is some overlap in that respect, private declarations do not solve the issue of multi-step static initialization without potentially exposing a private name to the outer scope purely for initialization purposes:

// with private declarations
private #z; // exposed purely for post-declaration initialization
class C {
  static y;
  static outer #z;
}
const obj = ...;
C.y = obj.y;
C.#z = obj.z;

// with static block
class C {
  static y;
  static #z; // not exposed outside of class
  static {
    const obj = ...;
    this.y = obj.y;
    this.#z = obj.z;
  }
}

In addition, Private Declarations expose a private name that potentially allows both read and write access to shared private state when read-only access might be desireable. To work around this with private declarations requires additional complexity (though there is a similar cost for static{} as well):

// with private declarations
private #zRead;
class C {
  #z = ...; // only writable inside of the class
  get #zRead() { return this.#z; } // wrapper needed to ensure read-only access
}

// with static
let zRead;
class C {
  #z = ...; // only writable inside of the class
  static { zRead = obj => obj.#z; } // callback needed to ensure read-only access
}

In the long run, however, there is nothing that prevents these two proposals from working side-by-side:

private #shared;
class C {
  static outer #shared;
  static #local;
  static {
    const obj = ...;
    this.#shared = obj.shared;
    this.#local = obj.local;
  }
}
class D {
  method() {
    C.#shared; // ok
    C.#local; // no access
  }
}

Prior Art

Syntax

class C {
  static {
    // statements
  }
}

Semantics

  • A static {} initialization block creates a new lexical scope (e.g. var, function, and block-scoped declarations are local to the static {} initialization block. This lexical scope is nested within the lexical scope of the class body (granting privileged access to instance private state for the class).
  • A class may have any number of static {} initialization blocks in its class body.
  • static {} initialization blocks are evaluated in document order interleaved with static field initializers.
  • A static {} initialization block may not have decorators (instead you would decorate the class itself).
  • When evaluated, a static {} initialization block's this receiver is the constructor object of the class (as with static field initializers).
  • It is a Syntax Error to reference arguments from within a static {} initialization block.
  • It is a Syntax Error to include a SuperCall (i.e., super()) from within a static {} initialization block.
  • A static {} initialization block may contain SuperProperty references as a means to access or invoke static members on a base class that may have been overridden by the derived class containing the static {} initialization block.
  • A static {} initialization block should be represented as an independent stack frame in debuggers and exception traces.

Examples

// "friend" access (same module)
let A, B;
{
  let friendA;

  A = class A {
    #x;

    static {
        friendA = {
          getX(obj) { return obj.#x },
          setX(obj, value) { obj.#x = value }
        };
    }
  };

  B = class B {
    constructor(a) {
      const x = friendA.getX(a); // ok
      friendA.setX(a, x); // ok
    }
  };
}

References

TODO

The following is a high-level list of tasks to progress through each stage of the TC39 proposal process:

Stage 1 Entrance Criteria

  • Identified a "champion" who will advance the addition.
  • Prose outlining the problem or need and the general shape of a solution.
  • Illustrative examples of usage.
  • High-level API.

Stage 2 Entrance Criteria

Stage 3 Entrance Criteria

Stage 4 Entrance Criteria

For up-to-date information on Stage 4 criteria, check: #48

  • Test262 acceptance tests have been written for mainline usage scenarios and merged.
  • Two compatible implementations which pass the acceptance tests:
  • A pull request has been sent to tc39/ecma262 with the integrated spec text.
  • The ECMAScript editor has signed off on the pull request.

Download Details:
Author: tc39
The Demo/Documentation: View The Demo/Documentation
Download Link: Download The Source Code
Official Website: https://github.com/tc39/proposal-class-static-block 
License: BSD-3
#javascript #es2022 #ecmascript 

Sival Alethea

Sival Alethea

1624402800

Beautiful Soup Tutorial - Web Scraping in Python

The Beautiful Soup module is used for web scraping in Python. Learn how to use the Beautiful Soup and Requests modules in this tutorial. After watching, you will be able to start scraping the web on your own.
📺 The video in this post was made by freeCodeCamp.org
The origin of the article: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=87Gx3U0BDlo&list=PLWKjhJtqVAbnqBxcdjVGgT3uVR10bzTEB&index=12
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Thanks for visiting and watching! Please don’t forget to leave a like, comment and share!

#web scraping #python #beautiful soup #beautiful soup tutorial #web scraping in python #beautiful soup tutorial - web scraping in python

Ashish parmar

Ashish parmar

1627043546

Evolution in Web Design: A Case Study of 25 Years - Prismetric

The term web design simply encompasses a design process related to the front-end design of website that includes writing mark-up. Creative web design has a considerable impact on your perceived business credibility and quality. It taps onto the broader scopes of web development services.

Web designing is identified as a critical factor for the success of websites and eCommerce. The internet has completely changed the way businesses and brands operate. Web design and web development go hand-in-hand and the need for a professional web design and development company, offering a blend of creative designs and user-centric elements at an affordable rate, is growing at a significant rate.

In this blog, we have focused on the different areas of designing a website that covers all the trends, tools, and techniques coming up with time.

Web design
In 2020 itself, the number of smartphone users across the globe stands at 6.95 billion, with experts suggesting a high rise of 17.75 billion by 2024. On the other hand, the percentage of Gen Z web and internet users worldwide is up to 98%. This is not just a huge market but a ginormous one to boost your business and grow your presence online.

Web Design History
At a huge particle physics laboratory, CERN in Switzerland, the son of computer scientist Barner Lee published the first-ever website on August 6, 1991. He is not only the first web designer but also the creator of HTML (HyperText Markup Language). The worldwide web persisted and after two years, the world’s first search engine was born. This was just the beginning.

Evolution of Web Design over the years
With the release of the Internet web browser and Windows 95 in 1995, most trading companies at that time saw innumerable possibilities of instant worldwide information and public sharing of websites to increase their sales. This led to the prospect of eCommerce and worldwide group communications.

The next few years saw a soaring launch of the now-so-famous websites such as Yahoo, Amazon, eBay, Google, and substantially more. In 2004, by the time Facebook was launched, there were more than 50 million websites online.

Then came the era of Google, the ruler of all search engines introducing us to search engine optimization (SEO) and businesses sought their ways to improve their ranks. The world turned more towards mobile web experiences and responsive mobile-friendly web designs became requisite.

Let’s take a deep look at the evolution of illustrious brands to have a profound understanding of web design.

Here is a retrospection of a few widely acclaimed brands over the years.

Netflix
From a simple idea of renting DVDs online to a multi-billion-dollar business, saying that Netflix has come a long way is an understatement. A company that has sent shockwaves across Hollywood in the form of content delivery. Abundantly, Netflix (NFLX) is responsible for the rise in streaming services across 190 countries and meaningful changes in the entertainment industry.

1997-2000

The idea of Netflix was born when Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph decided to rent DVDs by mail. With 925 titles and a pay-per-rental model, Netflix.com debuts the first DVD rental and sales site with all novel features. It offered unlimited rentals without due dates or monthly rental limitations with a personalized movie recommendation system.

Netflix 1997-2000

2001-2005

Announcing its initial public offering (IPO) under the NASDAQ ticker NFLX, Netflix reached over 1 million subscribers in the United States by introducing a profile feature in their influential website design along with a free trial allowing members to create lists and rate their favorite movies. The user experience was quite engaging with the categorization of content, recommendations based on history, search engine, and a queue of movies to watch.

Netflix 2001-2005 -2003

2006-2010

They then unleashed streaming and partnering with electronic brands such as blu-ray, Xbox, and set-top boxes so that users can watch series and films straight away. Later in 2010, they also launched their sophisticated website on mobile devices with its iconic red and black themed background.

Netflix 2006-2010 -2007

2011-2015

In 2013, an eye-tracking test revealed that the users didn’t focus on the details of the movie or show in the existing interface and were perplexed with the flow of information. Hence, the professional web designers simply shifted the text from the right side to the top of the screen. With Daredevil, an audio description feature was also launched for the visually impaired ones.

Netflix 2011-2015

2016-2020

These years, Netflix came with a plethora of new features for their modern website design such as AutoPay, snippets of trailers, recommendations categorized by genre, percentage based on user experience, upcoming shows, top 10 lists, etc. These web application features yielded better results in visual hierarchy and flow of information across the website.

Netflix 2016-2020

2021

With a sleek logo in their iconic red N, timeless black background with a ‘Watch anywhere, Cancel anytime’ the color, the combination, the statement, and the leading ott platform for top video streaming service Netflix has overgrown into a revolutionary lifestyle of Netflix and Chill.

Netflix 2021

Contunue to read: Evolution in Web Design: A Case Study of 25 Years

#web #web-design #web-design-development #web-design-case-study #web-design-history #web-development