Nandu Singh

Nandu Singh


What is sanitize.css

sanitize.css is a CSS library that provides consistent, cross-browser
default styling of HTML elements alongside useful defaults.

It is developed alongside normalize.css, which means every normalization
is included, and every normalization and opinion are clearly marked and


<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Or to exclusively support evergreen browsers.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Learn more about sanitize.css.

Forms CSS

A separate stylesheet that normalizes form controls without side effects.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Or to exclusively support evergreen browsers.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Learn more about forms.css.

Assets CSS

A separate stylesheet that applies a comfortable measure to plain documents.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Learn more about assets.css.

Typography CSS

A separate stylesheet that normalizes typography using system interface fonts.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Learn more about typography.css.

Reduce Motion CSS

A separate stylesheet for restricting motion when the user has requested this at system level.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Learn more about reduce-motion.css.

Page CSS

A separate stylesheet that applies a comfortable measure to plain documents.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />


npm install sanitize.css --save

Webpack Usage

Import [sanitize.css] in CSS:

@import '~sanitize.css';
@import '~sanitize.css/forms.css';
@import '~sanitize.css/typography.css';

Alternatively, import [sanitize.css] in JS:

import 'sanitize.css';
import 'sanitize.css/forms.css';
import 'sanitize.css/typography.css';

In webpack.config.js, be sure to use the appropriate loaders:

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [ 'style-loader', 'css-loader' ]



What does it do?

  • Normalizes styles for a wide range of elements.
  • Corrects bugs and common browser inconsistencies.
  • Provides common, useful defaults.
  • Explains what code does using detailed comments.

Browser support

  • Chrome (last 3)
  • Edge (last 3)
  • Firefox (last 3)
  • Firefox ESR
  • Opera (last 3)
  • Safari (last 3)
  • iOS Safari (last 2)
  • Internet Explorer 9+


[normalize.css] and [sanitize.css] correct browser bugs while carefully testing
and documenting changes. normalize.css styles adhere to css specifications.
sanitize.css styles adhere to common developer expectations and preferences.
[reset.css] unstyles all elements. Both sanitize.css and normalize.css are
maintained in sync.


Box sizing defaults to border-box
*, ::before, ::after {
  box-sizing: border-box;
Backgrounds do not repeat by default
*, ::before, ::after {
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
Pseudo-elements inherit text decoration and vertical alignment
::after {
  text-decoration: inherit;
  vertical-align: inherit;
Cursors only change to hint non-obvious interfaces
html {
  cursor: default;
Text has a comfortable line height in all browsers
html {
  line-height: 1.5;
Tabs appear the same on the web as in a typical editor
html {
  tab-size: 4;
Words break to prevent overflow
html {
  word-break: break-all;
Documents do not use a margin for outer padding
body {
  margin: 0;
Navigation lists do not include a marker style
nav ol, nav ul {
  list-style: none;
  padding: 0;
Media elements align to the text center of other content
audio, canvas, iframe, img, svg, video {
  vertical-align: middle;
SVGs fallback to the current text color
svg:not([fill]) {
  fill: currentColor;
Tables do not include additional border spacing
table {
  border-collapse: collapse;
Textareas only resize vertically by default
textarea {
  resize: vertical;
Single taps are dispatched immediately on clickable elements
a, area, button, input, label, select, summary, textarea, [tabindex] {
  -ms-touch-action: manipulation;
  touch-action: manipulation;
ARIA roles include visual cursor hints
[aria-busy="true"] {
  cursor: progress;

[aria-controls] {
  cursor: pointer;

[aria-disabled="true"], [disabled] {
  cursor: default;
Visually hidden content remains accessible
[aria-hidden="false"][hidden] {
  display: initial;

[aria-hidden="false"][hidden]:not(:focus) {
  clip: rect(0, 0, 0, 0);
  position: absolute;


[sanitize.css] includes a separate stylesheet for normalizing forms using
minimal, standards-like styling.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />
<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Forms Features

Form controls appear visually consistent and restyle consistently
button, input, select, textarea {
  background-color: transparent;
  border: 1px solid WindowFrame;
  color: inherit;
  font: inherit;
  letter-spacing: inherit;
  padding: 0.25em 0.375em;

[type="range"] {
  border-width: 0;
  padding: 0;
Expandable select controls appear visually consistent
select {
  -moz-appearance: none;
  -webkit-appearance: none;
  background: no-repeat right center / 1em;
  border-radius: 0;
  padding-right: 1em;

select:not([multiple]):not([size]) {
  background-image: url("data:image/svg+xml;charset=utf-8,%3Csvg xmlns='' width='16' height='4'%3E%3Cpath d='M4 0h6L7 4'/%3E%3C/svg%3E");

::-ms-expand {
  display: none;
Placeholders appear visually consistent in Internet Explorer
:-ms-input-placeholder {
  color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.54);


[sanitize.css] includes a separate stylesheet for normalizing restricting the
size of assets in all browsers.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />
<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Assets Features

Assets use a comfortable measure in all browsers
textarea {
  height: auto;
  max-width: 100%;


[sanitize.css] includes a separate stylesheet for normalizing typography using
system interface fonts.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />
<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Typography Features

Typography uses the default system font
html {
    /* macOS 10.11-10.12 */ -apple-system,
    /* Windows 6+ */ Segoe UI,
    /* Android 4+ */ Roboto,
    /* Ubuntu 10.10+ */ Ubuntu,
    /* Gnome 3+ */ Cantarell,
    /* KDE Plasma 5+ */ Noto Sans,
    /* fallback */ sans-serif,
    /* macOS emoji */ "Apple Color Emoji",
    /* Windows emoji */ "Segoe UI Emoji",
    /* Windows emoji */ "Segoe UI Symbol",
    /* Linux emoji */ "Noto Color Emoji";
Pre-formatted and code-formatted text uses the monospace system font
code, kbd, pre, samp {
    /* macOS 10.10+ */ Menlo,
    /* Windows 6+ */ Consolas,
    /* Android 4+ */ Roboto Mono,
    /* Ubuntu 10.10+ */ Ubuntu Monospace,
    /* KDE Plasma 5+ */ Noto Mono,
    /* KDE Plasma 4+ */ Oxygen Mono,
    /* Linux/OpenOffice fallback */ Liberation Mono,
    /* fallback */ monospace;

Reduce Motion

[sanitize.css] includes a separate stylesheet for restricting motion when the
user has requested this at a system level.

<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />
<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />

Reduce Motion Features

Animations, scrolling effects, and transitions are reduced in all browsers
@media (prefers-reduced-motion: reduce) {
  ::after {
    animation-delay: -1ms !important;
    animation-duration: 1ms !important;
    animation-iteration-count: 1 !important;
    background-attachment: initial !important;
    scroll-behavior: auto !important;
    transition-delay: 0s !important;
    transition-duration: 0s !important;


Please read the contribution guidelines in order to make the
contribution process easy and effective for everyone involved.


sanitize.css is a project by Jonathan Neal,
built upon normalize.css, a project by
Jonathan Neal,
co-created with Nicolas Gallagher.

#css #reset #reboot #stylesheet

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

What is sanitize.css

Hire CSS Developer

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Hand Sanitizer in bulk - Get your effective hand sanitizer here

With the spread of various harmful virus globally causing immense distress and fatalities to human mankind, it has become absolutely essential for people to ensure proper and acute hygiene and cleanliness is maintained. To further add to the perennial hardship to save lives of people the recent pandemic of Covid-19 affected globally created the worst nightmare for people of all walks of life. Looking at the present crisis, it has become imperative for human beings to be encouraged to tackle this challenge with an everlasting strength to help protect oneself and their loved ones against the devastating effects of the virus. One thing that stands up between keeping all safe and vulnerable is by making sure that everybody attentively Hand wash periodically to help physically remove germs from the skin and getting rid of the live microbes.

The essence of apposite handwashing is based around time invested in washing and the amount of soap and water used. Technically, washing hands without soap is much less effective anyway. But incase a proper handwashing support system doesn’t become possible around, the usage of Effective Hand Sanitizer will certainly help fight to reduce the number of microbes on the surface of hands efficiently, eliminating most variants of harmful bacteria to settle.

The need has come about for Hand Sanitizer in bulk to save your daily life aptly maintaining a minimum of 60% alcohol - as per the CDC recommendations and approved by USFDA for its greater effectiveness. With the growing demand of people on the move the demand for easy to carry, small, and travel size worthy pouches that are also refillable once the product runs out is the need of the hour. To further make sure that human lives are well protected from these external viruses, it is mandatory for producer of effective Hand Sanitizer to evolve products circumspectly with ingredients that produce not just saving lives but with multiple benefits for people of all ages.

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Alayna  Rippin

Alayna Rippin


Creating a CSS Visual Cheatsheet

The other day one of our students asked about possibility of having a CSS cheatsheet to help to decide on the best suited approach when doing this or that layout.

This evolved into the idea of making a visual CSS cheatsheet with all (most) of the common patterns we see everyday and one of the best possible conceptual implementation for them.

In the end any layout could and should be split into parts/blocks and we see every block separately.

Here is our first take on that and we would be happy to keep extending it to help us all.

Please, send you suggestions in the comments in community or via gitlab for the repeated CSS patterns with your favourite implementation for that so that we will all together make this as useful as it can be.

#css #css3 #cascading-style-sheets #web-development #html-css #css-grids #learning-css #html-css-basics

Aisu  Joesph

Aisu Joesph


CSS Alignment Made Simple

CSS is seen as an impediment in web development for many of us. Most of the time it looks like even when you follow the rules and everything seems clear, it still doesn’t work the way you want it to.

Therefore, the purpose of this article is to make some features of CSS much easier to understand.

The thing I want to address now is the alignment of the elements.

Without further ado, here are some of the most common scenarios one might encounter when it comes to this topic and how they can be approached.

#css-center #css-position #css-flexbox #css-center-image-in-a-div #css

CSS Animation: translate3d, backdrop-filter, and Custom Tags

In this tutorial, we are going to learn:

  • how to create a smooth animation using the CSS transform translate3d prop.
  • why we’d want to use the cubic-bezier transition timing function and this function’s benefits.
  • how and why we use custom tags.
  • if you watch the video to the end, I also provide a bonus tip on using backdrop-filter to style some frost/blur style on background.

#css #css animation #css / style sheets #css animations #css background