Nostromo: CLI for Building Powerful Aliases

nostromo is a CLI to rapidly build declarative aliases making multi-dimensional tools on the fly.


Managing aliases can be tedious and difficult to set up. nostromo makes this process easy and reliable. The tool adds shortcuts to your .bashrc / .zshrc that call into the nostromo binary. It reads and manages all aliases within its manifest. This is used to find and execute the actual command as well as swap any substitutions to simplify calls.

nostromo can help you build complex tools in a declarative way. Tools commonly allow you to run multi-level commands like git rebase master branch or docker rmi b750fe78269d which are clear to use. Imagine if you could wrap your aliases / commands / workflow into custom commands that describe things you do often. Well, now you can with nostromo. 🤓

With nostromo you can take aliases like these:

alias ios-build='pushd $IOS_REPO_PATH;xcodebuild -workspace Foo.xcworkspace -scheme foo_scheme'
alias ios-test='pushd $IOS_REPO_PATH;xcodebuild -workspace Foo.xcworkspace -scheme foo_test_scheme'
alias android-build='pushd $ANDROID_REPO_PATH;./gradlew build'
alias android-test='pushd $ANDROID_REPO_PATH;./gradlew test'

and turn them into declarative commands like this:

build ios
build android
test ios
test android

The possibilities are endless 🚀 and up to your imagination with the ability to compose commands as you see fit.

Check out the examples folder for sample manifests with commands

sleep pod Getting Started


  • Works for MacOS and bash / zsh shells (other combinations untested but may work)


Using brew:

brew tap pokanop/pokanop
brew install nostromo

Using go get:

go get -u


This command will initialize nostromo and create a manifest under ~/.nostromo:

nostromo init

To customize the directory (and change it from ~/.nostromo), set the NOSTROMO_HOME environment variable to a location of your choosing.

With every update, it's a good idea to run nostromo init to ensure any manifest changes are migrated and commands continue to work. nostromo will attempt to perform any migrations as well at this time to files and folders so 🤞

The quickest way to populate your commands database is using the dock feature:

nostromo dock <source>

where source can be any local or remote file sources. See the Distributed Manifests section for more details.

To destroy the core manifest and start over you can always run:

nostromo destroy

Backups of manifests are automatically taken to prevent data loss in case of shenanigans gone wrong. These are located under ${NOSTROMO_HOME}/cargo. The maximum number of backups can be configured with the backupCount manifest setting.

nostromo set backupCount 10

derelict ship Key Features

Managing Aliases

Aliases to commands is one of the core features provided by nostromo. Instead of constantly updating shell profiles manually, nostromo will automatically keep it updated with the latest additions.

Given that nostromo is not a shell command there are some things to note on how it makes its magic:

  • Commands are generated by nostromo and executed using the eval method in a shell function.
  • Commands and changes will be available immediately since nostromo reloads completions automatically

If you want create boring standard shell aliases you can do that with an additional flag or a config setting described below.

To add an alias (or command in nostromo parlance), simply run:

nostromo add cmd foo "echo bar"

And just like that you can now run foo like any other alias.

Descriptions for your commands can easily be added as well:

nostromo add cmd foo "echo bar" -d "My magical foo command that prints bar"

Your descriptions will show up in the shell when autocompleting!

Interactive Mode

You can also add commands and substitutions interactively by using just nostromo add without any arguments. This command will walk through prompts to guide adding new commands easily.



nostromo uses the concept of keypaths to simplify building commands and accessing the command tree. A keypath is simply a . delimited string that represents the path to the command.

For example:

nostromo add cmd 'echo hello'

will build the command tree for foo 👉 bar 👉 baz such that any of these commands are now valid (of course the first two do nothing yet 😉):

foo bar
foo bar baz

where the last one will execute the echo command.

You can compose several commands together by adding commands at any node of the keypath. The default behavior is to concatenate the commands together as you walk the tree. Targeted use of ; or && can allow for running multiple commands together instead of concatenating. More easily, you can change the command mode for any of the commands to do this for you automatically. More info on this later.

Shell Aliases

nostromo allows users to manage shell aliases. By default, all commands are designed to execute the binary and resolve a command to be evaluated in the shell. This allows you to run those declarative commands easily like foo bar baz in the shell. It only creates an alias as a shell function for the root command foo and passes the remaining arguments to nostromo eval to evaluate the command tree. The result of that is executed with eval in the shell. Standard shell aliases do not get this behavior.

The use of standard shell aliases provides limited benefit if you only want single tiered aliases. Additionally, commands persist in the shell since they are evaluated (i.e., changing directories via cd).

There are two methods for adding aliases to your shell profile that are considered standard aliases:

  • Use the --alias-only or -a flag when using nostromo add cmd
  • Set the aliasesOnly config setting to affect all command additions

For example, you can see both methods here:

nostromo add cmd "cd /tmp" --alias-only

nostromo set aliasesOnly true
nostromo add cmd "cd /tmp"

Adding a standard alias will produce this line that gets sourced:

alias'cd /tmp'

instead of a nostromo command which adds a shell function:

foo() { eval $(nostromo eval foo "$*") }

Notice how the keypath has no affect in building a command tree when using the alias only feature. Standard shell aliases can only be root level commands.

Scoped Commands And Substitutions

Scope affects a tree of commands such that a parent scope is prepended first and then each command in the keypath to the root. If a command is run as follows:

foo bar baz

then the command associated with foo is concatenated first, then bar, and finally baz. So if these commands were configured like this:

nostromo add cmd foo 'echo oof'
nostromo add cmd 'rab'
nostromo add cmd 'zab'

then the actual execution would result in:

echo oof rab zab

Standard behavior is to concatenate but you can easily change this with the mode flag when using add or globally. More information under Execution Modes.


nostromo also provides the ability to add substitutions at each one of these scopes in the command tree. So if you want to shorten common strings that are otherwise long into substitutions, you can attach them to a parent scope and nostromo will replace them at execution time for all instances.

A substitution can be added with:

nostromo add sub //some/long/string sls

Subsequent calls to foo bar would replace the subs before running. This command:

foo bar baz sls

would finally result in the following since the substitution is in scope:

oof rab zab //some/long/string

Complex Command Tree

Given features like keypaths and scope you can build a complex set of commands and effectively your own tool 🤯 that performs additive functionality with each command node.

You can get a quick snapshot of the command tree using:

nostromo show

With nostromo, you can also visualize the command tree (or manifest) in several other ways including as json, yaml and a tree itself.


Setting the verbose config setting prints more detailed information as well for all commands.


Execution Modes

A command's mode indicates how it will be executed. By default, nostromo concatenates parent and child commands along the tree. There are 3 modes available to commands:

  concatenate  Concatenate this command with subcommands exactly as defined  independent  Execute this command with subcommands using ';' to separate  exclusive    Execute this and only this command ignoring parent commands

The mode can be set when adding a command with the -m or --mode flag:

nostromo add cmd -m exclusive "echo baz"

A global setting can also be set to change the mode from the default concatenate with:

nostromo set mode independent

All subsequent commands would inherit the above mode if set.

Shell Completion

nostromo provides completion scripts to allow tab completion. This is added by default to your shell init file:

eval "$(nostromo completion)"

Even your commands added by nostromo get the full red carpet treatment with shell completion. Be sure to add a description and tab completion will show hints at each junction of your command. Cool right! 😎

Execute Code Snippets

nostromo provides the ability to supply code snippets in the following languages for execution, in lieu of the standard shell command:

  • ruby - runs ruby interpreter
  • python - runs python interpreter
  • js - runs node
  • perl - runs perl interpreter
nostromo add cmd foo --code 'console.log("hello js")' --language js

For more complex snippets you can edit ~/.nostromo/ships/manifest.yaml directly but multiline YAML must be escaped correctly to work.

Distributed Manifests

nostromo now supports keeping multiple manifest sources 💪 allowing you to organize and distribute your commands as you please. This feature enables synchronization functionality to get remote manifests from multiple data sources including:

  • Local Files
  • Git
  • Mercurial
  • HTTP
  • Amazon S3
  • Google GCS

Details on supported file formats and requirements can be found in the go-getter documentation as nostromo uses that for downloading files

Configs can be found in the ~/.nostromo/ships folder. The core manifest is named manifest.yaml.

You can add as many additional manifests in the same folder and nostromo will parse and aggregate all the commands, useful for organizations wanting to build their own command suite.

To add or dock manifests, use the following:

nostromo dock <source>...

And that's it! Your commands will now incorporate the new manifest.

To update docked manifests to the latest versions (omit sources to update all manifests), just run:

nostromo sync <name>...

nostromo syncs manifests using version information in the manifest. It will only update if the version identifier is different. To force update a manifest, run:

nostromo sync -f <name>...

If you're tired of someone else's manifest or it just isn't making you happy ☹️ then just undock it with:

nostromo undock <name>

Command Tree Management

Moving and copying command subtrees can be done easily using nostromo as well to avoid manual copy pasta with yaml. If you want to move command nodes around just use:

nostromo move cmd <source> <destination>

where the source and destinations are expected to be key paths like

You can rename a node with:

nostromo rename cmd <source> <name>

Next up, you might want to copy entire nodes around, which can also be done between manifests using copy. Again use key paths for source and destination and nostromo will attempt to replicate the branch to the new location.

nostromo copy cmd <source> <destination>

So you've created an awesome suite of commands and you like to share, am I right? Well nostromo makes it super easy to create manifests with any set of your commands from the tree using the detach command. It lets you slice and dice your manifests by extracting out a command node into a new manifest.

nostromo detach <name> <key.path>...

By default, this removes the command nodes from the manifest but can be kept intact as well with the -k option. Additionally, detaching any command nodes from a docked manifest may have unwanted side effects when running nostromo sync again since the commands will likely be added back from the original source.

Since nostromo updates manifests if the identifier is unique, there might be times you want to update the yaml files manually for whatever reason. In this case you can run the handy uuidgen command to update the identifier so you can push the manifest to others:

nostromo uuidgen <name>


nostromo now supports themes to make it look even more neat. There's 3 themes currently which can be set with:

nostromo set theme <name>

where valid themes include:

  • default: The basic theme and previous default
  • grayscale: Gray colored things are sometimes nice
  • emoji: The new default obviously



sulaco Credits

facehugger Contributing

Contributions are what makes the open-source community such an amazing place to learn, inspire, and create. Any contributions you make are greatly appreciated.

  1. Fork the Project
  2. Create your Feature Branch (git checkout -b feature/AmazingFeature)
  3. Commit your Changes (git commit -m 'Add some AmazingFeature')
  4. Push to the Branch (git push origin feature/AmazingFeature)
  5. Open a Pull Request

Author: Pokanop
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#go #golang #shell #bash 

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Nostromo: CLI for Building Powerful Aliases
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Is Power BI Actually Useful?

The short answer, for most of you, is no. However, the complexity and capability of the products could be beneficial depending on what type of position or organization you work in.
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In my effort to answer this common question about Power BI I researched the following:
– Power BI Desktop Gateway
– Syncing on-prem SQL server data
– Syncing SharePoint Online list data
– Syncing data from an Excel workbook
– Building, and sharing a dashboard
– Inserting a Power BI visualization into PowerPoint

To get in-Depth knowledge on Power BI you can enroll for a live demo on Power BI online training

The feature spread above gave me the opportunity to explore the main features of Power BI which break down as:
– Ingesting data, building a data set
– Creating dashboard or reports with visualizations based on that data

In a nutshell Power BI is a simple concept. You take a data set, and build visualizations that answer questions about that data. For example, how many products have we sold in Category A in the last month? Quarter? Year? Power BI is especially powerful when drilling up or down in time scale.
And there are some interesting ways to visualize that data:
However, there are a number of drawbacks to the current product that prevented me from being able to fold these visualizations into our existing business processes.

  1. Integration with PowerPoint is not free. This shocked me.

The most inspiring Power BI demo I saw at a Microsoft event showed a beautiful globe visualization within a PowerPoint presentation. It rendered flawlessly within PowerPoint and was a beautiful, interactive way to explore a geographically disparate data set. I was able to derive conclusions about the sales data displayed without having to look at an old, boring chart.

During the demo, nothing was mentioned about the technology required to make this embedded chart a reality. After looking into the PowerPoint integration I learned that not only was the add-in built by a third party, it was not free, and when I signed up for a free trial the add-in could barely render my Power BI visualization. The data drill up/down functionality was non-existent and not all of the visualizations were supported. Learn more from Power bi online course

  1. Only Dashboards can be shared with other users, and cannot be embedded in our organization’s community on SharePoint.

Folks in our organization spent 50% of their time in Outlook, and the rest in SharePoint, OneNote, Excel, Word, and the other applications needed for producing documents, and other work. Adding yet another destination to that list to check on how something is doing was impossible for us. Habits are extremely hard to change, and I see that consistently in our client’s organizations as well.

Because I was not able to fold in the visualizations with the PowerPoint decks we use during meetings, I had to stop presentations in the middle, navigate to Internet Explorer (because the visualizations only render well in that browser), and then go back to PowerPoint once we were done looking at the dashboard.

This broke up the flow of our meetings, and led to more distractions. I also followed up with coworkers after meetings to see if they ever visited the dashboard themselves at their desk. None of them had ever navigated to a dashboard outside of a meeting.

  1. The visualizations aren’t actually that great.

Creating visualizations that cover such a wide variety of data sets is difficult. But, the Excel team has been working on this problem for over 15 years. When I import my SharePoint or SQL data to Excel I’m able to create extremely customized Pivot Tables and Charts that show precisely the data I need to see.

I was never able to replicate visualizations from Excel in Power BI, to produce the types of visualizations I actually needed. Excel has the ability to do conditional formatting, and other customizations in charts and tables that is simply not possible with Power BI. Because of how generic the charts are, and the limited customization it looks “cool” without being functional.

In conclusion, if you have spare time and want to explore Power BI for your organization you should. However, if you are seriously thinking about how you can fold this product into your work processes, challenge yourself to build a dashboard and look at it once a week. See if you can keep that up for a month, and then think about how that change affected your work habits and whether the data analysis actually contributed value each time. At least half of you will realize that this gimmicky product is fancy, but not actually useful.

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Comparing Power BI with other tools

the Business Intelligence (BI) world has been moving towards self-service BI. As expected, several vendors created tools empowering regular users to gain insights from their data. Among the many, there is Power BI. Nowadays, users want to understand the differences between Product X and Power BI.

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One of the most common questions in conferences and user group sessions is likely, “can you provide a comparison between this product and Power BI?”.

The answer is almost always, “No, I cannot compare them, because they are too different”. First, one needs to understand the deep difference between Power BI and most other reporting tools on the market. Only later does a comparison make any sense. As a matter of fact, I think Power BI can be compared to only a few products on the market today. I would like to add my point of view to the discussion.

To get in-Depth knowledge on Power BI you can enroll for a live demo on Power BI online training

Indeed, Power BI is a tremendously powerful data modeling tool that happens to come with a pretty face; most other products are beautifully crafted reporting tools with a pretty face. The only thing they have in common is the pretty face. If you stop at what they have in common, you are only comparing a small fraction of the whole product, and that would be unfair.

To go further, a deeper understanding of basic BI concepts is needed.

Beware: this article is biased. I love Power BI and I make my living out of it. Nevertheless, I am a BI professional; I started working with Business Intelligence many years ago and I have gathered experience that I can share. I will try to be as fair as I can in this post, as my goal is not to provide a comparison with any tool. The goal of this post is to help you understand what you really need to evaluate when making (or reading) any comparison between different BI products.

At the top level, any Business Intelligence solution is composed of three layers:

Raw data: these are the data sources that one wants to analyze. Raw data comes as is.
Semantic model: this is where data is re-arranged to optimize it for analysis. Here you also define the calculations required by the reports.
Reports: these are the nice dashboards you can build with the tool.

Power BI manages all three layers: you start from raw data, you can build a semantic layer, and finally you prepare reports. Most other reporting tools are focused on the last layer and are limited in the previous two. In other words, they are missing the capability to build a real semantic layer. It is important to clarify what a semantic layer is, to understand what you would miss by choosing a different product.

In the old ages of BI, there was a clear separation between users and developers. A BI developer would build a project to help users extract insights from their data, and build reports. Users did not need to understand tables, relationships, or calculations. The developer oversaw shaping the tables, providing predefined calculations and giving sensible names to entities. Leveraging the semantic model, users did not have to know DAX, MDX or SQL.

A semantic model lets users interact with business entities like customers, sales, and products. Users would place those entities in reports made with Excel or with other reporting tools. Regular users were happy with just Excel and a Pivot Table. More advanced users wanted more powerful tools, and this led to the creation of several reporting tools with their ad-hoc programming language to create more advanced formulas. Regardless, the important thing is that no matter how powerful those tools are, they were still reporting tools based on the existence of a previously crafted semantic model. No semantic model, no reporting.

Picture this: a BI tool lets a developer build a semantic model. A reporting tool lets a user build a report on top of an existing semantic model. You need both to create a BI solution.Learn more from Power BI online course

Unfortunately, building a BI project takes time. Users were hungry for reports. This led to the start of the Self-Service BI era. Self-service BI is the idea of users building reports themselves, to reduce development time and to build a democratic knowledge about data. Sounds cool and terrifying at the same time.

Anyway, this is where we are today. Obviously, driven by the market several vendors started to build self-service BI tools. A few new products appeared on the market. Rather, existing tools evolved into new ones, targeting self-service BI. Keep in mind: any self-service BI tool requires the functionalities to build both the semantic model and the report in the same tool. Thus, depending on where you start, you have two options to have an existing product evolve into a self-service product:

If you already have a semantic model tool, you need to add reporting capabilities. You need to make it easier to use, because the target is no longer a BI professional but a regular user instead.
If you already have a reporting tool, you need to add the capability to build a semantic model because your users need to massage the data and build calculations on top of the resulting model.

In both cases, in the end you obtain a tool that mixes the capabilities to create a semantic model and to build reports. After this first step, you can add tons of different features like sharing with other users, building wizards to automatically connect to other services, improving the formula language and so on. But the core is always the same: a semantic model and a reporting tool, bound together in a nice package.

Even though we consider Power BI to be a new product, it is actually the evolution of Power Pivot and Analysis Services Tabular (semantic model), Power Query (querying tool), and Power View (the first version of the reporting tool released with Excel and SharePoint). Other vendors took similar steps, with different starting points. It is fair to say that several vendors started from a reporting tool, adding the semantic model to it.

Now, if you need to compare two BI tools, you need to compare at least these two features: the semantic model and the tools to build a report.

Say you want to compare Product X with Power BI; you show me how easy it is to build a gorgeous report on top of an SQL view, much easier and much more powerful than Power BI. Cool, but you are only comparing a fraction of both products. Reporting-wise, sure, Product X is better than Power BI. But there are other considerations: can you load multiple tables in Product X? Can you build relationships between them? Can you use a programming language to author complex calculations that involve scanning different tables? All these operations belong to the semantic model. A fair comparison needs to apply to all the features.

This is what Power BI offers you:

Power Query – a data transformation tool which is easy to use and yet incredibly powerful. It can load virtually anything and join data from different sources.
A modeling environment where you can build different kinds of relationships between tables and build powerful models. It does not hurt that it runs on top of one of the fastest databases I have ever seen.
DAX – a programming language which is not easy, but lets you author nearly any query and calculation. Yes, on this I am biased for sure!
Power BI – a reporting engine which is very good in building dashboards and reports. It can also be extended with custom visuals and third-party products.

Then, there is web-based reporting and sharing, a mobile experience, the ability to load from nearly any data source in the cloud or on premises and many other useful features. Yet, the core is composed of the four features above. If you want to compare apples to apples, you need to compare at least these four parts. Be mindful: you need all of them. A tool that requires you to build a single table because it does not let you relate two tables is nothing but a nice reporting tool. Comparing it to Power BI does not make much sense to me.

Moreover, it does not come by chance that to learn Power BI, one needs to learn new programming languages. Each feature has its own language, and this is just the right thing to have.

Finally, reporting. Reporting is only the last part, even though it is the most visible one. You might find other products are better than Power BI when it comes to reporting. This is fine, if you are aware that you are only comparing a fraction of Power BI with the whole of Product X.

I love Power BI, and I would really love to see a fair comparison between Power BI and any other product. We could learn a lot from the topic. But for it to be fair, it cannot just be based on how easy it is to build a pie chart (just kidding! You are not using a pie chart, are you?). One needs to evaluate everything both products have to offer.

To get in-depth knowledge of this technology and to develop skills to make a great career in this regard one can opt for Power BI online training Hyderabad.

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Power BI vs Tableau

In your search for a Business Intelligence (BI) or data visualization tool, you have probably come across the two front-runners in the category: Power BI and Tableau. They are very similar products, and you have to look quite closely to figure out which product might work the best for you. I work for Encore Business Solutions; a systems partner that specializes in both Power BI and Tableau. We’ve seen more than a few scenarios in which Tableau was being used when the company really should have gone with Power BI, and vice-versa. That was part of the inspiration for this side-by-side comparison.

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Unfortunately, the internet is full of auto-generated and biased pages regarding which product trumps the other. The truth is, the best product depends more on you, your organization, your budget, and your intended use case than the tools themselves. It is easy to nit-pick at features like the coding language that supports advanced analysis, or the type of maps supported — but these have a minimal impact for most businesses. I’m going to do my best to stay away from these types of comparisons.

To get in-Depth knowledge on Power BI you can enroll for a live demo on Power BI online training

In writing this comparison, I did a lot of research. The result was more than just this article: I also created a tool that can generate a recommendation for you based on your response to a short questionnaire. It will generate a score for both Power BI and Tableau, plus provide a few other things to think about.

Tableau Software
Founded in 2003, Tableau has been the gold-standard in data visualization for a long time. They went public in 2013, and they still probably have the edge on functionality over Power BI, thanks to their 10-year head start. There are a few factors that will heavily tip the scales in favour of Tableau, which I’ll cover in the next few paragraphs.

Tableau: Key Strengths
Let’s make one thing clear from the start: if you want the cream of the crop, all other factors aside, Tableau is the choice for you. Their organization has been dedicated to data visualization for over a decade and the results show in several areas: particularly product usability, Tableau’s community, product support, and flexible deployment options. The range of visualizations, user interface layout, visualization sharing, and intuitive data exploration capabilities also have an edge on Power BI. Tableau offers much more flexibility when it comes to designing your dashboards. From my own experience, Tableau’s functionality from an end-user perspective is much farther ahead of Power BI than the Gartner Magic Quadrant (below) would have you believe.

Tableau built their product on the philosophy of “seeing and exploring” data. This means that Tableau is engineered to create interactive visuals. Tableau’s product capabilities have been implemented in such a way that the user should be able to ask a question of their data, and receive an answer almost immediately by manipulating the tools available to them. I have heard of cases in which Tableau actually declined to pursue the business of a customer in the scenario that the customer didn’t have the right vision for how their software would be used. If you just want something to generate reports, Tableau is overkill.

Tableau is also much more flexible in its deployment than Power BI. You can install the Tableau server in any Window box without installing the SQL server. Power BI is less flexible which I will discuss in Power BI Weaknesses.

Tableau can be purchased on a subscription license and then installed either in the cloud or an on-premise server.

Finally, Tableau is all-in on data visualization, and they have their fingers firmly on the pulse of the data visualization community’s most pressing desires. You can expect significant future improvements in terms of performance when loading large datasets, new visualization options, and added ETL functions.

Tableau Weaknesses
Unfortunately, Tableau comes at a cost. When it comes to the investment required to purchase and implement Tableau – 9 times out of 10 it will be more expensive than Power BI, by a fair margin. Often, Tableau projects are accompanied by data-warehouse-building endeavours, which compound the amount of money it takes to get going. The results from building a data warehouse and then hooking up Tableau are phenomenal, but you’ll need an implementation budget of at the very least $50k – plus the incremental cost of Tableau licenses. Learn more from Power bi online course

Of course, a data warehouse is not a requirement. Tableau connects to more systems out-of-the-box than Power BI. However, Tableau users report connecting to fewer data sources than most other competing tools. Overall, considering the investment required to implement a data warehouse is a worthy indicator of the commitment required to get the most out of Tableau.

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Power BI
Power BI is Microsoft’s data visualization option. It was debuted in 2013, and has since quickly gained ground on Tableau. When you look at Gartner’s most recent BI Magic Quadrant, you’ll notice that Microsoft is basically equal to Tableau in terms of functionality, but strongly outpaces Tableau when it comes to “completeness of vision”. Indeed, the biggest advantage of Power BI is that it is embedded within the greater Microsoft stack, which contributes to Microsoft’s strong position in the Quadrant.

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Power BI: Key Strengths
Though Tableau is still regarded by many in the industry as the gold standard, Power BI is nothing to scoff at. Power BI is basically comparable to all of Tableau’s bells and whistles; unless you care deeply about the manifestation and execution of small features, you’re likely to find that Power BI is fully adequate for your BI needs.

As I mentioned, one of the biggest selling points of Power BI is that it is deeply entrenched in the Microsoft stack – and quickly becoming more integrated. It’s included in Office 365, and Microsoft really encourages the use of Power BI for visualizing data from their other cloud services. Power BI is also very capable of connecting to your external sources.

Because Power BI was originally a mostly Excel-driven product; and because the first to adopt Microsoft products are often more technical users, My personal experience is that Power BI is especially suitable for creating and displaying basic dashboards and reports. My own executive team really likes being able to access KPIs from the Office portal, without having to put much time into the report’s creation, sharing, and interactivity.

Power BI’s biggest strength; however, is its rock-bottom cost and fantastic value. For a product that is totally comparable to the category leader, it’s free (included in Office 365) for basic use and $10/user/month for a “Pro” license. This increases adoption of the product as individuals can use Power BI risk-free. For companies that don’t have the budget for a large Business Intelligence project (including a data warehouse, dedicated analysts, and several months of implementation time), Power BI is extremely attractive. Companies that are preparing to “invest” in BI are more likely to add Tableau to their list of strongly considered options.

Power BI is available on a SaaS model and on-premise; on-premise is only supported by Power BI Premium licensing.

Microsoft is also investing heavily in Power BI, and they’re closing the small gaps in their functionality extremely fast. All of those little issues some users have with Power BI are going to disappear sooner rather than later.

Power BI Weaknesses
As I’ve mentioned, Tableau still has the slight edge on Power BI when it comes to the minutiae of product functionality; mostly due to their 10-year head start. But perhaps Power BI’s greatest weakness is its lack of deployment flexibility. For Power BI on-premise you need to install the Power BI Report Server as well as the SQL Server.

I also mentioned that Tableau works well for users with large amounts of data and for users that want on-premise systems. You should be aware that there are some new features being added to Power BI via Power BI Premium that help catch Microsoft up to Tableau in the areas of large datasets and on-premise capabilities – but Power BI Premium adds significant cost, and these features are relatively new. Tableau still reigns in these areas.

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