Elton  Bogan

Elton Bogan

1604208360

Building a Simple Linear Regression Model with Sci-kit Learn

In this guide, we will learn how to build a Simple Linear Regression Model using Sci-kit Learn. Simple Linear Regression is a regression algorithm that shows the relationship between a single independent variable and a dependent variable.

The Sci-kit Learn library contains a lot of tools used for machine learning. We will build a model to predict sales revenue from the advertising dataset using simple linear regression.

Prerequisite

  • A PC with Jupyter Notebook IDE
  • Advertising dataset from Kaggle

The formula of simple linear regression is:

            y = θ0x + θ1

PythonCopy

θ0 represents the slope of the regression line

θ1 represents the intercept of the regression line

x is the independent variable

y is the dependent variable

IMPORTING DATASET

Let’s import our libraries

## importing libraries
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
%matplotlib inline

## importing dataset
advert = pd.read_csv('Advertising.csv')
## view first 5 entries
advert.head()

#machine learning #python #sci-kit learn

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Building a Simple Linear Regression Model with Sci-kit Learn
Elton  Bogan

Elton Bogan

1604208360

Building a Simple Linear Regression Model with Sci-kit Learn

In this guide, we will learn how to build a Simple Linear Regression Model using Sci-kit Learn. Simple Linear Regression is a regression algorithm that shows the relationship between a single independent variable and a dependent variable.

The Sci-kit Learn library contains a lot of tools used for machine learning. We will build a model to predict sales revenue from the advertising dataset using simple linear regression.

Prerequisite

  • A PC with Jupyter Notebook IDE
  • Advertising dataset from Kaggle

The formula of simple linear regression is:

            y = θ0x + θ1

PythonCopy

θ0 represents the slope of the regression line

θ1 represents the intercept of the regression line

x is the independent variable

y is the dependent variable

IMPORTING DATASET

Let’s import our libraries

## importing libraries
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
%matplotlib inline

## importing dataset
advert = pd.read_csv('Advertising.csv')
## view first 5 entries
advert.head()

#machine learning #python #sci-kit learn

Angela  Dickens

Angela Dickens

1598352300

Regression: Linear Regression

Machine learning algorithms are not your regular algorithms that we may be used to because they are often described by a combination of some complex statistics and mathematics. Since it is very important to understand the background of any algorithm you want to implement, this could pose a challenge to people with a non-mathematical background as the maths can sap your motivation by slowing you down.

Image for post

In this article, we would be discussing linear and logistic regression and some regression techniques assuming we all have heard or even learnt about the Linear model in Mathematics class at high school. Hopefully, at the end of the article, the concept would be clearer.

**Regression Analysis **is a statistical process for estimating the relationships between the dependent variables (say Y) and one or more independent variables or predictors (X). It explains the changes in the dependent variables with respect to changes in select predictors. Some major uses for regression analysis are in determining the strength of predictors, forecasting an effect, and trend forecasting. It finds the significant relationship between variables and the impact of predictors on dependent variables. In regression, we fit a curve/line (regression/best fit line) to the data points, such that the differences between the distances of data points from the curve/line are minimized.

#regression #machine-learning #beginner #logistic-regression #linear-regression #deep learning

A Deep Dive into Linear Regression

Let’s begin our journey with the truth — machines never learn. What a typical machine learning algorithm does is find a mathematical equation that, when applied to a given set of training data, produces a prediction that is very close to the actual output.

Why is this not learning? Because if you change the training data or environment even slightly, the algorithm will go haywire! Not how learning works in humans. If you learned to play a video game by looking straight at the screen, you would still be a good player if the screen is slightly tilted by someone, which would not be the case in ML algorithms.

However, most of the algorithms are so complex and intimidating that it gives our mere human intelligence the feel of actual learning, effectively hiding the underlying math within. There goes a dictum that if you can implement the algorithm, you know the algorithm. This saying is lost in the dense jungle of libraries and inbuilt modules which programming languages provide, reducing us to regular programmers calling an API and strengthening further this notion of a black box. Our quest will be to unravel the mysteries of this so-called ‘black box’ which magically produces accurate predictions, detects objects, diagnoses diseases and claims to surpass human intelligence one day.

We will start with one of the not-so-complex and easy to visualize algorithm in the ML paradigm — Linear Regression. The article is divided into the following sections:

  1. Need for Linear Regression

  2. Visualizing Linear Regression

  3. Deriving the formula for weight matrix W

  4. Using the formula and performing linear regression on a real world data set

Note: Knowledge on Linear Algebra, a little bit of Calculus and Matrices are a prerequisite to understanding this article

Also, a basic understanding of python, NumPy, and Matplotlib are a must.


1) Need for Linear regression

Regression means predicting a real valued number from a given set of input variables. Eg. Predicting temperature based on month of the year, humidity, altitude above sea level, etc. Linear Regression would therefore mean predicting a real valued number that follows a linear trend. Linear regression is the first line of attack to discover correlations in our data.

Now, the first thing that comes to our mind when we hear the word linear is, a line.

Yes! In linear regression, we try to fit a line that best generalizes all the data points in the data set. By generalizing, we mean we try to fit a line that passes very close to all the data points.

But how do we ensure that this happens? To understand this, let’s visualize a 1-D Linear Regression. This is also called as Simple Linear Regression

#calculus #machine-learning #linear-regression-math #linear-regression #linear-regression-python #python

Michael  Hamill

Michael Hamill

1617331277

Workshop Alert! Deep Learning Model Deployment & Management

The Association of Data Scientists (AdaSci), the premier global professional body of data science and ML practitioners, has announced a hands-on workshop on deep learning model deployment on February 6, Saturday.

Over the last few years, the applications of deep learning models have increased exponentially, with use cases ranging from automated driving, fraud detection, healthcare, voice assistants, machine translation and text generation.

Typically, when data scientists start machine learning model development, they mostly focus on the algorithms to use, feature engineering process, and hyperparameters to make the model more accurate. However, model deployment is the most critical step in the machine learning pipeline. As a matter of fact, models can only be beneficial to a business if deployed and managed correctly. Model deployment or management is probably the most under discussed topic.

In this workshop, the attendees get to learn about ML lifecycle, from gathering data to the deployment of models. Researchers and data scientists can build a pipeline to log and deploy machine learning models. Alongside, they will be able to learn about the challenges associated with machine learning models in production and handling different toolkits to track and monitor these models once deployed.

#hands on deep learning #machine learning model deployment #machine learning models #model deployment #model deployment workshop

Elton  Bogan

Elton Bogan

1601431200

Polynomial Regression — The “curves” of a linear model

The most glamorous part of a data analytics project/report is, as many would agree, the one where the Machine Learning algorithms do their magic using the data. However, one of the most overlooked part of the process is the preprocessing of data.

A lot more significant effort is put into preparing the data to fit a model on rather than tuning the model to fit the data better. One such preprocessing technique that we intend to disentangle is Polynomial Regression.

#data-science #machine-learning #polynomial-regression #regression #linear-regression