Nina Diana

Nina Diana

1566874101

Not Hotdog with Keras and TensorFlow.js

In this short tutorial, I’ll walk you through training a Keras model for image classification and then using that model in a web app by utilizing TensorFlow.js. The problem we’ll be solving is Not Hotdog: given an image, our model will have to correctly classify the object as a hotdog or not a hotdog. This classification task is not particularly exciting, but for this tutorial, we’ll be focusing more on the process of using a pre-trained Keras model using Tensorflow.js.

Training a Keras Model

Let’s begin by building our dataset. I used the Google images downloadutility, but you can use whatever you prefer. Instabot is another good option. Just make sure you have a few hundred images for both classes and you split them into training, validation and test sets in the format that Keras expects:

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Next, we’ll build a simple deep net to train on the dataset that we have. The neural network I used is composed of 3 chunks of convolutions with ReLU activations and maxpool layers after them. On top, we have two fully connected layers with a ReLU activation, a dropout layer and a sigmoid for binary classification.

model = Sequential()
	model.add(Conv2D(32, (3, 3), input_shape=input_shape))
	model.add(Activation('relu'))
	model.add(MaxPooling2D(pool_size=(2, 2)))
	

	model.add(Conv2D(32, (3, 3)))
	model.add(Activation('relu'))
	model.add(MaxPooling2D(pool_size=(2, 2)))
	

	model.add(Conv2D(64, (3, 3)))
	model.add(Activation('relu'))
	model.add(MaxPooling2D(pool_size=(2, 2)))
	

	model.add(Flatten())
	model.add(Dense(64))
	model.add(Activation('relu'))
	model.add(Dropout(0.5))
	model.add(Dense(1))
	model.add(Activation('sigmoid'))

simplemodel.py

We’ll use binary cross-entropy as the loss function and use RMSProp as the optimization algorithm. We train for 50 epoch to achieve ~93% accuracy on the validation set, which is good enough for the purposes of this tutorial. To train the model yourself or play around with the code, check out the notebook here. The code is largely based on the first parts of this Keras tutorial.

Once we have a trained model, we need to make sure we save it to disk before we proceed to the next section:

model.save('simplemodel.h5')

Be sure to use the correct method for saving the model. Keras provides

several different methods

for saving models:

  • model.save_weights('<filename>') will save just the weights of the model;model.to_json()/
  • model.to_yaml() will save the architecture to json or yaml format;
  • model.save('<filename'>) will save the weights, architecture and even the optimizer state so training can be resumed;

We need to use the last method because, unsurprisingly, TensorFlow.js needs both the weights and architecture of our model before it can utilize it.

Converting a Keras Model into a TensorFlow.js Model

Now that we have the model saved, install the

tensorflowjs

Python package and run the following command:

tensorflowjs --input_format keras <path-to-h5-file> <path-to-dir>

Alternatively, we could have used the tensorflowjs Python API to save the model directly as a TensorFlow.js model:

tensorflowjs.converters.save_keras_model(model, model_dir)

In either case, we should now have several files in our model directory: a model.json file and several weight files in binary format. It’s important to note that these conversions are only supported for standard Keras classes and methods. Custom layers or metrics cannot be safely converted from Python to JavaScript.

Using a Pre-trained Model in TensorFlow.js

Once we have the model converted, let’s use it in a small web application. On the HTML side of the things, we’ll simply have an image_upload file select element, an image element to show the selected image, and a resultdiv to show the model’s classification.

The JavaScript side of things is a bit more complicated. Let’s take a look at the code and then we can step through it:

var wait = ms => new Promise((r, j)=>setTimeout(r, ms));
	

	async function main() {
	    const model = await tf.loadModel('./model/model.json');
	

	    document.getElementById('image_upload').onchange = function(ev) {
	        var f = ev.target.files[0];
	        var fr = new FileReader();
	

	        var makePrediction = async function(img) {
	            // We need to ensure that the image is actually loaded before we proceed.
	            while(!img.complete) {
	                await wait(100);
	            }
	

	            var tensor = tf.fromPixels(img)
	                           .resizeNearestNeighbor([150,150])
	                           .toFloat().expandDims();
	

	            const prediction = model.predict(tensor);
	

	            var data = prediction.dataSync();
	            document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = 
	                data[0] == 0 ? "Now, that's a hotdog! :)" : "Not hotdog! :(";
	

	        }
	

	        var fileReadComplete = function(ev2) {
	            document.getElementById('image').src = ev2.target.result;
	            var img = new Image();
	            img.src = ev2.target.result;
	

	            makePrediction(img);
	        };
	

	        fr.onload = fileReadComplete;
	

	        fr.readAsDataURL(f);
	    }
	}
	

	main();

tfModelLoading.js

First, we begin by loading our model and we ensure that we actually wait for the operation to finish by using await:

const model = await tf.loadModel('./model/model.json');

Next, we need to set an event handler that responds to the file selector being used. We’ll use the FileReader API by setting another callback when an image is loaded and trigger the actual loading of the image using readAsDataURL(...).

document.getElementById('image_upload').onchange = function(ev) {
    var f = ev.target.files[0];
    var fr = new FileReader();
    var makePrediction = async function(img) { ... };
    var fileReadComplete = function(ev2) { ... };
    fr.onload = fileReadComplete;
    
    fr.readAsDataURL(f);
}

Once the file has been read, we’ll show the image on our page and then we’ll create an Image object that will be passed to the actual prediction function:

var fileReadComplete = function(ev2) {
    document.getElementById('image').src = ev2.target.result;
    var img = new Image();
    img.src = ev2.target.result;
    makePrediction(img);
};

At this point, we have to ensure that the Image object is ready or the rest of the code will not be happy. That’s why we’ll use the wait lambda that we defined at the top of our code, to ensure that the function waits until the image is ready to be used.

Then, we have to convert our Image object into a tensor with the correct formatting. We’ll use the fromPixels(...) method to transform the image to a tensor, resize it to what our model expect using resizeNearestNeighbor(...), convert it to floating point values using toFloat(), and then use expandDims() to insert another dimension in our tensor so that it fits the batched input format our model was trained on.

var makePrediction = async function(img) {
    while(!img.complete) {
        await wait(100);
    }
    var tensor = tf.fromPixels(img)
                   .resizeNearestNeighbor([150,150])
                   .toFloat().expandDims();
    const prediction = model.predict(tensor);
    var data = prediction.dataSync();
    document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = 
       data[0] == 0 ? "Now, that's a hotdog! :)" : "Not hotdog! :(";
}

After we have pre-processed our image, we can pass it into our model using the predict(...) method and get a prediction. In order to get the actual data out of the prediction tensor, we’ll use the dataSync() method. At this point, you can do whatever you need with the prediction. In this case, we’ll add a simple message to our web page that answers the age-old question: “Is this a hotdog?” We truly live in the future.

#tensorflow #machine-learning #deep-learning

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Not Hotdog with Keras and TensorFlow.js

NBB: Ad-hoc CLJS Scripting on Node.js

Nbb

Not babashka. Node.js babashka!?

Ad-hoc CLJS scripting on Node.js.

Status

Experimental. Please report issues here.

Goals and features

Nbb's main goal is to make it easy to get started with ad hoc CLJS scripting on Node.js.

Additional goals and features are:

  • Fast startup without relying on a custom version of Node.js.
  • Small artifact (current size is around 1.2MB).
  • First class macros.
  • Support building small TUI apps using Reagent.
  • Complement babashka with libraries from the Node.js ecosystem.

Requirements

Nbb requires Node.js v12 or newer.

How does this tool work?

CLJS code is evaluated through SCI, the same interpreter that powers babashka. Because SCI works with advanced compilation, the bundle size, especially when combined with other dependencies, is smaller than what you get with self-hosted CLJS. That makes startup faster. The trade-off is that execution is less performant and that only a subset of CLJS is available (e.g. no deftype, yet).

Usage

Install nbb from NPM:

$ npm install nbb -g

Omit -g for a local install.

Try out an expression:

$ nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'
6

And then install some other NPM libraries to use in the script. E.g.:

$ npm install csv-parse shelljs zx

Create a script which uses the NPM libraries:

(ns script
  (:require ["csv-parse/lib/sync$default" :as csv-parse]
            ["fs" :as fs]
            ["path" :as path]
            ["shelljs$default" :as sh]
            ["term-size$default" :as term-size]
            ["zx$default" :as zx]
            ["zx$fs" :as zxfs]
            [nbb.core :refer [*file*]]))

(prn (path/resolve "."))

(prn (term-size))

(println (count (str (fs/readFileSync *file*))))

(prn (sh/ls "."))

(prn (csv-parse "foo,bar"))

(prn (zxfs/existsSync *file*))

(zx/$ #js ["ls"])

Call the script:

$ nbb script.cljs
"/private/tmp/test-script"
#js {:columns 216, :rows 47}
510
#js ["node_modules" "package-lock.json" "package.json" "script.cljs"]
#js [#js ["foo" "bar"]]
true
$ ls
node_modules
package-lock.json
package.json
script.cljs

Macros

Nbb has first class support for macros: you can define them right inside your .cljs file, like you are used to from JVM Clojure. Consider the plet macro to make working with promises more palatable:

(defmacro plet
  [bindings & body]
  (let [binding-pairs (reverse (partition 2 bindings))
        body (cons 'do body)]
    (reduce (fn [body [sym expr]]
              (let [expr (list '.resolve 'js/Promise expr)]
                (list '.then expr (list 'clojure.core/fn (vector sym)
                                        body))))
            body
            binding-pairs)))

Using this macro we can look async code more like sync code. Consider this puppeteer example:

(-> (.launch puppeteer)
      (.then (fn [browser]
               (-> (.newPage browser)
                   (.then (fn [page]
                            (-> (.goto page "https://clojure.org")
                                (.then #(.screenshot page #js{:path "screenshot.png"}))
                                (.catch #(js/console.log %))
                                (.then #(.close browser)))))))))

Using plet this becomes:

(plet [browser (.launch puppeteer)
       page (.newPage browser)
       _ (.goto page "https://clojure.org")
       _ (-> (.screenshot page #js{:path "screenshot.png"})
             (.catch #(js/console.log %)))]
      (.close browser))

See the puppeteer example for the full code.

Since v0.0.36, nbb includes promesa which is a library to deal with promises. The above plet macro is similar to promesa.core/let.

Startup time

$ time nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'
6
nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'   0.17s  user 0.02s system 109% cpu 0.168 total

The baseline startup time for a script is about 170ms seconds on my laptop. When invoked via npx this adds another 300ms or so, so for faster startup, either use a globally installed nbb or use $(npm bin)/nbb script.cljs to bypass npx.

Dependencies

NPM dependencies

Nbb does not depend on any NPM dependencies. All NPM libraries loaded by a script are resolved relative to that script. When using the Reagent module, React is resolved in the same way as any other NPM library.

Classpath

To load .cljs files from local paths or dependencies, you can use the --classpath argument. The current dir is added to the classpath automatically. So if there is a file foo/bar.cljs relative to your current dir, then you can load it via (:require [foo.bar :as fb]). Note that nbb uses the same naming conventions for namespaces and directories as other Clojure tools: foo-bar in the namespace name becomes foo_bar in the directory name.

To load dependencies from the Clojure ecosystem, you can use the Clojure CLI or babashka to download them and produce a classpath:

$ classpath="$(clojure -A:nbb -Spath -Sdeps '{:aliases {:nbb {:replace-deps {com.github.seancorfield/honeysql {:git/tag "v2.0.0-rc5" :git/sha "01c3a55"}}}}}')"

and then feed it to the --classpath argument:

$ nbb --classpath "$classpath" -e "(require '[honey.sql :as sql]) (sql/format {:select :foo :from :bar :where [:= :baz 2]})"
["SELECT foo FROM bar WHERE baz = ?" 2]

Currently nbb only reads from directories, not jar files, so you are encouraged to use git libs. Support for .jar files will be added later.

Current file

The name of the file that is currently being executed is available via nbb.core/*file* or on the metadata of vars:

(ns foo
  (:require [nbb.core :refer [*file*]]))

(prn *file*) ;; "/private/tmp/foo.cljs"

(defn f [])
(prn (:file (meta #'f))) ;; "/private/tmp/foo.cljs"

Reagent

Nbb includes reagent.core which will be lazily loaded when required. You can use this together with ink to create a TUI application:

$ npm install ink

ink-demo.cljs:

(ns ink-demo
  (:require ["ink" :refer [render Text]]
            [reagent.core :as r]))

(defonce state (r/atom 0))

(doseq [n (range 1 11)]
  (js/setTimeout #(swap! state inc) (* n 500)))

(defn hello []
  [:> Text {:color "green"} "Hello, world! " @state])

(render (r/as-element [hello]))

Promesa

Working with callbacks and promises can become tedious. Since nbb v0.0.36 the promesa.core namespace is included with the let and do! macros. An example:

(ns prom
  (:require [promesa.core :as p]))

(defn sleep [ms]
  (js/Promise.
   (fn [resolve _]
     (js/setTimeout resolve ms))))

(defn do-stuff
  []
  (p/do!
   (println "Doing stuff which takes a while")
   (sleep 1000)
   1))

(p/let [a (do-stuff)
        b (inc a)
        c (do-stuff)
        d (+ b c)]
  (prn d))
$ nbb prom.cljs
Doing stuff which takes a while
Doing stuff which takes a while
3

Also see API docs.

Js-interop

Since nbb v0.0.75 applied-science/js-interop is available:

(ns example
  (:require [applied-science.js-interop :as j]))

(def o (j/lit {:a 1 :b 2 :c {:d 1}}))

(prn (j/select-keys o [:a :b])) ;; #js {:a 1, :b 2}
(prn (j/get-in o [:c :d])) ;; 1

Most of this library is supported in nbb, except the following:

  • destructuring using :syms
  • property access using .-x notation. In nbb, you must use keywords.

See the example of what is currently supported.

Examples

See the examples directory for small examples.

Also check out these projects built with nbb:

API

See API documentation.

Migrating to shadow-cljs

See this gist on how to convert an nbb script or project to shadow-cljs.

Build

Prequisites:

  • babashka >= 0.4.0
  • Clojure CLI >= 1.10.3.933
  • Node.js 16.5.0 (lower version may work, but this is the one I used to build)

To build:

  • Clone and cd into this repo
  • bb release

Run bb tasks for more project-related tasks.

Download Details:
Author: borkdude
Download Link: Download The Source Code
Official Website: https://github.com/borkdude/nbb 
License: EPL-1.0

#node #javascript

Hello Jay

Hello Jay

1594525380

Keras vs. Tensorflow - Difference Between Tensorflow and Keras

Keras and Tensorflow are two very popular deep learning frameworks. Deep Learning practitioners most widely use Keras and Tensorflow. Both of these frameworks have large community support. Both of these frameworks capture a major fraction of deep learning production.

Which framework is better for us then?

This blog will be focusing on Keras Vs Tensorflow. There are some differences between Keras and Tensorflow, which will help you choose between the two. We will provide you better insights on both these frameworks.

What is Keras?

Keras is a high-level API built on the top of a backend engine. The backend engine may be either TensorFlow, theano, or CNTK. It provides the ease to build neural networks without worrying about the backend implementation of tensors and optimization methods.

Fast prototyping allows for more experiments. Using Keras developers can convert their algorithms into results in less time. It provides an abstraction overs lower level computations.

Major Applications of Keras

  • The performance of Keras is smooth on both CPU and GPU.
  • Keras provides modularity, flexibility to code, extensibility, and has an adaptation for innovation and research.
  • The pythonic nature of Keras makes it easy to explore and debug the code.

What is Tensorflow?

Tensorflow is a tool designed by Google for the deep learning developer community. The aim of TensorFlow was to make deep learning applications accessible to the people. It is an open-source library available on Github. It is one of the most famous libraries to experiment with deep learning. The popularity of TensorFlow is because of the ease of building and deployment of neural net models.

Major area of focus here is numerical computation. It was built keeping the processing computation power in mind. Therefore we can run TensorFlow applications on almost kind of computer.

Major applications of Tensorflow

  • From mobiles to embedded devices and distributed servers Tensorflow runs on all the platforms.
  • Tensorflow is the enterprise of solving real-world and real-time problems like image analysis, robotics, generating data, and NLP.
  • Developers are implementing tools for translation languages and the detection of skin cancers using Tensorflow.
  • Major projects using TensorFlow are Google translate, video detection, image recognition.

#keras tutorials #keras vs tensorflow #keras #tensorflow

Keras Tutorial - Ultimate Guide to Deep Learning - DataFlair

Welcome to DataFlair Keras Tutorial. This tutorial will introduce you to everything you need to know to get started with Keras. You will discover the characteristics, features, and various other properties of Keras. This article also explains the different neural network layers and the pre-trained models available in Keras. You will get the idea of how Keras makes it easier to try and experiment with new architectures in neural networks. And how Keras empowers new ideas and its implementation in a faster, efficient way.

Keras Tutorial

Introduction to Keras

Keras is an open-source deep learning framework developed in python. Developers favor Keras because it is user-friendly, modular, and extensible. Keras allows developers for fast experimentation with neural networks.

Keras is a high-level API and uses Tensorflow, Theano, or CNTK as its backend. It provides a very clean and easy way to create deep learning models.

Characteristics of Keras

Keras has the following characteristics:

  • It is simple to use and consistent. Since we describe models in python, it is easy to code, compact, and easy to debug.
  • Keras is based on minimal substructure, it tries to minimize the user actions for common use cases.
  • Keras allows us to use multiple backends, provides GPU support on CUDA, and allows us to train models on multiple GPUs.
  • It offers a consistent API that provides necessary feedback when an error occurs.
  • Using Keras, you can customize the functionalities of your code up to a great extent. Even small customization makes a big change because these functionalities are deeply integrated with the low-level backend.

Benefits of using Keras

The following major benefits of using Keras over other deep learning frameworks are:

  • The simple API structure of Keras is designed for both new developers and experts.
  • The Keras interface is very user friendly and is pretty optimized for general use cases.
  • In Keras, you can write custom blocks to extend it.
  • Keras is the second most popular deep learning framework after TensorFlow.
  • Tensorflow also provides Keras implementation using its tf.keras module. You can access all the functionalities of Keras in TensorFlow using tf.keras.

Keras Installation

Before installing TensorFlow, you should have one of its backends. We prefer you to install Tensorflow. Install Tensorflow and Keras using pip python package installer.

Starting with Keras

The basic data structure of Keras is model, it defines how to organize layers. A simple type of model is the Sequential model, a sequential way of adding layers. For more flexible architecture, Keras provides a Functional API. Functional API allows you to take multiple inputs and produce outputs.

Keras Sequential model

Keras Functional API

It allows you to define more complex models.

#keras tutorials #introduction to keras #keras models #keras tutorial #layers in keras #why learn keras

How to Categorize TensorFlow.js Images Made easy

TensorFlow.js Image Classification Made Easy
In this video you’re going to discover an easy way how to train a convolutional neural network for image classification and use the created TensorFlow.js image classifier afterwards to score x-ray images locally in your web browser.

TensorFlow.JS is a great machine learning javascript-based framework to run your machine learning models locally in the web browser as well as on your server using node.js.
But defining your model structure and training it, is way more complex than just using a trained model.
Azure Custom Vision - one of the various Cognitive Services - offers you an easy way to avoid this hassle.

#TensorFlow.js #TensorFlow #js

Hire Dedicated Node.js Developers - Hire Node.js Developers

If you look at the backend technology used by today’s most popular apps there is one thing you would find common among them and that is the use of NodeJS Framework. Yes, the NodeJS framework is that effective and successful.

If you wish to have a strong backend for efficient app performance then have NodeJS at the backend.

WebClues Infotech offers different levels of experienced and expert professionals for your app development needs. So hire a dedicated NodeJS developer from WebClues Infotech with your experience requirement and expertise.

So what are you waiting for? Get your app developed with strong performance parameters from WebClues Infotech

For inquiry click here: https://www.webcluesinfotech.com/hire-nodejs-developer/

Book Free Interview: https://bit.ly/3dDShFg

#hire dedicated node.js developers #hire node.js developers #hire top dedicated node.js developers #hire node.js developers in usa & india #hire node js development company #hire the best node.js developers & programmers