Kevin  Simon

Kevin Simon

1646132348

Gender Detection using OpenCV in Python

Learn how to perform gender detection on detected faces in images using OpenCV library in Python.

Automatic prediction of gender from face images has drawn a lot of attention recently, due to its wide application in various facial analysis problems. However, due to the large variations of face images (such as variation in lighting, scale, and occlusion) the existing models are still behind the desired accuracy level which is necessary for exploiting these models in real-world applications.

The goal of this tutorial is to develop a lightweight command-line-based utility, through Python-based modules to automatically detect faces in a static image and to predict the gender of the spotted persons using a deep learning-based gender detection model.

Pre-requisites

The following components come into play:

OpenCV: is an open-source library for computer vision, machine learning, and image processing. OpenCV supports a wide variety of programming languages like Python, C++, Java and it is used for all sorts of image and video analysis like facial detection and recognition, photo editing, optical character recognition, and a whole heap more. Using OpenCV comes with many benefits among which:

  • OpenCV is an open-source library and it is free of cost.
  • OpenCV is fast since it is written in C/C++.
  • OpenCV supports most Operating Systems such as Windows, Linux, and macOS.
  • filetype: is a small and dependency-free Python package to infer file and MIME types.

For the purpose of this article, we will use pre-trained Caffe models, one for face detection taken from the face detection tutorial, and another model for age detection. Below is the list of necessary files to include in our project directory:

  • gender_net.caffemodel: It is the pre-trained model weights for gender detection. You can download it here.
  • deploy_gender.prototxt: is the model architecture for the gender detection model (a plain text file with a JSON-like structure containing all the neural network layer’s definitions). Get it here.
  • res10_300x300_ssd_iter_140000_fp16.caffemodel: The pre-trained model weights for face detection, download here.
  • deploy.prototxt.txt: This is the model architecture for the face detection model, download here.

After downloading the 4 necessary files, put them in the weights folder:

Downloaded Model Architectures & WeightsTo get started, let's install OpenCV and NumPy:

$ pip install opencv-python numpy

Open up a new Python file and follow along. First, let's import the necessary modules and initialize the needed variables:

# Import Libraries
import cv2
import numpy as np

# The gender model architecture
# https://drive.google.com/open?id=1W_moLzMlGiELyPxWiYQJ9KFaXroQ_NFQ
GENDER_MODEL = 'weights/deploy_gender.prototxt'
# The gender model pre-trained weights
# https://drive.google.com/open?id=1AW3WduLk1haTVAxHOkVS_BEzel1WXQHP
GENDER_PROTO = 'weights/gender_net.caffemodel'
# Each Caffe Model impose the shape of the input image also image preprocessing is required like mean
# substraction to eliminate the effect of illunination changes
MODEL_MEAN_VALUES = (78.4263377603, 87.7689143744, 114.895847746)
# Represent the gender classes
GENDER_LIST = ['Male', 'Female']
# https://raw.githubusercontent.com/opencv/opencv/master/samples/dnn/face_detector/deploy.prototxt
FACE_PROTO = "weights/deploy.prototxt.txt"
# https://raw.githubusercontent.com/opencv/opencv_3rdparty/dnn_samples_face_detector_20180205_fp16/res10_300x300_ssd_iter_140000_fp16.caffemodel
FACE_MODEL = "weights/res10_300x300_ssd_iter_140000_fp16.caffemodel"

Next, let's load our models:

# load face Caffe model
face_net = cv2.dnn.readNetFromCaffe(FACE_PROTO, FACE_MODEL)
# Load gender prediction model
gender_net = cv2.dnn.readNetFromCaffe(GENDER_MODEL, GENDER_PROTO)

Like the age detection tutorial, before going into detecting gender, we need a way to detect faces, below function is mostly taken from the face detection tutorial:

def get_faces(frame, confidence_threshold=0.5):
    # convert the frame into a blob to be ready for NN input
    blob = cv2.dnn.blobFromImage(frame, 1.0, (300, 300), (104, 177.0, 123.0))
    # set the image as input to the NN
    face_net.setInput(blob)
    # perform inference and get predictions
    output = np.squeeze(face_net.forward())
    # initialize the result list
    faces = []
    # Loop over the faces detected
    for i in range(output.shape[0]):
        confidence = output[i, 2]
        if confidence > confidence_threshold:
            box = output[i, 3:7] * \
                np.array([frame.shape[1], frame.shape[0],
                         frame.shape[1], frame.shape[0]])
            # convert to integers
            start_x, start_y, end_x, end_y = box.astype(np.int)
            # widen the box a little
            start_x, start_y, end_x, end_y = start_x - \
                10, start_y - 10, end_x + 10, end_y + 10
            start_x = 0 if start_x < 0 else start_x
            start_y = 0 if start_y < 0 else start_y
            end_x = 0 if end_x < 0 else end_x
            end_y = 0 if end_y < 0 else end_y
            # append to our list
            faces.append((start_x, start_y, end_x, end_y))
    return faces

Next, making a utility function to display an image:

def display_img(title, img):
    """Displays an image on screen and maintains the output until the user presses a key"""
    # Display Image on screen
    cv2.imshow(title, img)
    # Mantain output until user presses a key
    cv2.waitKey(0)
    # Destroy windows when user presses a key
    cv2.destroyAllWindows()

Next, let's make two utility functions, one for finding the appropriate font size to write in the image, and another for correctly resizing the image:

def get_optimal_font_scale(text, width):
    """Determine the optimal font scale based on the hosting frame width"""
    for scale in reversed(range(0, 60, 1)):
        textSize = cv2.getTextSize(text, fontFace=cv2.FONT_HERSHEY_DUPLEX, fontScale=scale/10, thickness=1)
        new_width = textSize[0][0]
        if (new_width <= width):
            return scale/10
    return 1

# from: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/44650888/resize-an-image-without-distortion-opencv
def image_resize(image, width = None, height = None, inter = cv2.INTER_AREA):
    # initialize the dimensions of the image to be resized and
    # grab the image size
    dim = None
    (h, w) = image.shape[:2]
    # if both the width and height are None, then return the
    # original image
    if width is None and height is None:
        return image
    # check to see if the width is None
    if width is None:
        # calculate the ratio of the height and construct the
        # dimensions
        r = height / float(h)
        dim = (int(w * r), height)
    # otherwise, the height is None
    else:
        # calculate the ratio of the width and construct the
        # dimensions
        r = width / float(w)
        dim = (width, int(h * r))
    # resize the image
    return cv2.resize(image, dim, interpolation = inter)

Now we know how to detect faces, let's make our core function to predict the gender of each face detected:

def predict_gender(input_path: str):
    """Predict the gender of the faces showing in the image"""
    # Read Input Image
    img = cv2.imread(input_path)
    # resize the image, uncomment if you want to resize the image
    # img = cv2.resize(img, (frame_width, frame_height))
    # Take a copy of the initial image and resize it
    frame = img.copy()
    if frame.shape[1] > frame_width:
        frame = image_resize(frame, width=frame_width)
    # predict the faces
    faces = get_faces(frame)
    # Loop over the faces detected
    # for idx, face in enumerate(faces):
    for i, (start_x, start_y, end_x, end_y) in enumerate(faces):
        face_img = frame[start_y: end_y, start_x: end_x]
        # image --> Input image to preprocess before passing it through our dnn for classification.
        # scale factor = After performing mean substraction we can optionally scale the image by some factor. (if 1 -> no scaling)
        # size = The spatial size that the CNN expects. Options are = (224*224, 227*227 or 299*299)
        # mean = mean substraction values to be substracted from every channel of the image.
        # swapRB=OpenCV assumes images in BGR whereas the mean is supplied in RGB. To resolve this we set swapRB to True.
        blob = cv2.dnn.blobFromImage(image=face_img, scalefactor=1.0, size=(
            227, 227), mean=MODEL_MEAN_VALUES, swapRB=False, crop=False)
        # Predict Gender
        gender_net.setInput(blob)
        gender_preds = gender_net.forward()
        i = gender_preds[0].argmax()
        gender = GENDER_LIST[i]
        gender_confidence_score = gender_preds[0][i]
        # Draw the box
        label = "{}-{:.2f}%".format(gender, gender_confidence_score*100)
        print(label)
        yPos = start_y - 15
        while yPos < 15:
            yPos += 15
        # get the font scale for this image size
        optimal_font_scale = get_optimal_font_scale(label,((end_x-start_x)+25))
        box_color = (255, 0, 0) if gender == "Male" else (147, 20, 255)
        cv2.rectangle(frame, (start_x, start_y), (end_x, end_y), box_color, 2)
        # Label processed image
        cv2.putText(frame, label, (start_x, yPos),
                    cv2.FONT_HERSHEY_SIMPLEX, optimal_font_scale, box_color, 2)

        # Display processed image
    display_img("Gender Estimator", frame)
    # uncomment if you want to save the image
    # cv2.imwrite("output.jpg", frame)
    # Cleanup
    cv2.destroyAllWindows()

Here is the process of the predict_gender() function:

  • We read the input image using the cv2.imread() function.
  • We resize the image if it's above the frame_width variable, feel free to edit fitting your needs.
  • We use our previously defined get_faces() function to detect faces in the image.
  • We iterate over each face, draw a rectangle around it, and pass it to the gender detection model to perform inference on the gender.
  • Finally, we print the gender both in the console and in the image. After that, we simply display the image and save it to disk if we want.

Alright, let's call our function now:

if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Parsing command line arguments entered by user
    import sys
    predict_gender(sys.argv[1])

We simply use the sys module to get the image path from the command line. Let's test this out, I'm testing on this stock image:

$ python predict_gender.py images\\pexels-karolina-grabowska-8526635.jpg

Here is the output in the console:

Female-97.36%
Female-98.34%

And the resulting image:

Detecting Gender using Python with OpenCVHere is another example:

Detected gender on image using OpenCV in PythonOr this:

Detected Gender on Image using OpenCV in Python

And there you go, now you have a Python code for detecting gender on any image using the OpenCV library. The gender model seems to be accurate.

 

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Chloe  Butler

Chloe Butler

1667425440

Pdf2gerb: Perl Script Converts PDF Files to Gerber format

pdf2gerb

Perl script converts PDF files to Gerber format

Pdf2Gerb generates Gerber 274X photoplotting and Excellon drill files from PDFs of a PCB. Up to three PDFs are used: the top copper layer, the bottom copper layer (for 2-sided PCBs), and an optional silk screen layer. The PDFs can be created directly from any PDF drawing software, or a PDF print driver can be used to capture the Print output if the drawing software does not directly support output to PDF.

The general workflow is as follows:

  1. Design the PCB using your favorite CAD or drawing software.
  2. Print the top and bottom copper and top silk screen layers to a PDF file.
  3. Run Pdf2Gerb on the PDFs to create Gerber and Excellon files.
  4. Use a Gerber viewer to double-check the output against the original PCB design.
  5. Make adjustments as needed.
  6. Submit the files to a PCB manufacturer.

Please note that Pdf2Gerb does NOT perform DRC (Design Rule Checks), as these will vary according to individual PCB manufacturer conventions and capabilities. Also note that Pdf2Gerb is not perfect, so the output files must always be checked before submitting them. As of version 1.6, Pdf2Gerb supports most PCB elements, such as round and square pads, round holes, traces, SMD pads, ground planes, no-fill areas, and panelization. However, because it interprets the graphical output of a Print function, there are limitations in what it can recognize (or there may be bugs).

See docs/Pdf2Gerb.pdf for install/setup, config, usage, and other info.


pdf2gerb_cfg.pm

#Pdf2Gerb config settings:
#Put this file in same folder/directory as pdf2gerb.pl itself (global settings),
#or copy to another folder/directory with PDFs if you want PCB-specific settings.
#There is only one user of this file, so we don't need a custom package or namespace.
#NOTE: all constants defined in here will be added to main namespace.
#package pdf2gerb_cfg;

use strict; #trap undef vars (easier debug)
use warnings; #other useful info (easier debug)


##############################################################################################
#configurable settings:
#change values here instead of in main pfg2gerb.pl file

use constant WANT_COLORS => ($^O !~ m/Win/); #ANSI colors no worky on Windows? this must be set < first DebugPrint() call

#just a little warning; set realistic expectations:
#DebugPrint("${\(CYAN)}Pdf2Gerb.pl ${\(VERSION)}, $^O O/S\n${\(YELLOW)}${\(BOLD)}${\(ITALIC)}This is EXPERIMENTAL software.  \nGerber files MAY CONTAIN ERRORS.  Please CHECK them before fabrication!${\(RESET)}", 0); #if WANT_DEBUG

use constant METRIC => FALSE; #set to TRUE for metric units (only affect final numbers in output files, not internal arithmetic)
use constant APERTURE_LIMIT => 0; #34; #max #apertures to use; generate warnings if too many apertures are used (0 to not check)
use constant DRILL_FMT => '2.4'; #'2.3'; #'2.4' is the default for PCB fab; change to '2.3' for CNC

use constant WANT_DEBUG => 0; #10; #level of debug wanted; higher == more, lower == less, 0 == none
use constant GERBER_DEBUG => 0; #level of debug to include in Gerber file; DON'T USE FOR FABRICATION
use constant WANT_STREAMS => FALSE; #TRUE; #save decompressed streams to files (for debug)
use constant WANT_ALLINPUT => FALSE; #TRUE; #save entire input stream (for debug ONLY)

#DebugPrint(sprintf("${\(CYAN)}DEBUG: stdout %d, gerber %d, want streams? %d, all input? %d, O/S: $^O, Perl: $]${\(RESET)}\n", WANT_DEBUG, GERBER_DEBUG, WANT_STREAMS, WANT_ALLINPUT), 1);
#DebugPrint(sprintf("max int = %d, min int = %d\n", MAXINT, MININT), 1); 

#define standard trace and pad sizes to reduce scaling or PDF rendering errors:
#This avoids weird aperture settings and replaces them with more standardized values.
#(I'm not sure how photoplotters handle strange sizes).
#Fewer choices here gives more accurate mapping in the final Gerber files.
#units are in inches
use constant TOOL_SIZES => #add more as desired
(
#round or square pads (> 0) and drills (< 0):
    .010, -.001,  #tiny pads for SMD; dummy drill size (too small for practical use, but needed so StandardTool will use this entry)
    .031, -.014,  #used for vias
    .041, -.020,  #smallest non-filled plated hole
    .051, -.025,
    .056, -.029,  #useful for IC pins
    .070, -.033,
    .075, -.040,  #heavier leads
#    .090, -.043,  #NOTE: 600 dpi is not high enough resolution to reliably distinguish between .043" and .046", so choose 1 of the 2 here
    .100, -.046,
    .115, -.052,
    .130, -.061,
    .140, -.067,
    .150, -.079,
    .175, -.088,
    .190, -.093,
    .200, -.100,
    .220, -.110,
    .160, -.125,  #useful for mounting holes
#some additional pad sizes without holes (repeat a previous hole size if you just want the pad size):
    .090, -.040,  #want a .090 pad option, but use dummy hole size
    .065, -.040, #.065 x .065 rect pad
    .035, -.040, #.035 x .065 rect pad
#traces:
    .001,  #too thin for real traces; use only for board outlines
    .006,  #minimum real trace width; mainly used for text
    .008,  #mainly used for mid-sized text, not traces
    .010,  #minimum recommended trace width for low-current signals
    .012,
    .015,  #moderate low-voltage current
    .020,  #heavier trace for power, ground (even if a lighter one is adequate)
    .025,
    .030,  #heavy-current traces; be careful with these ones!
    .040,
    .050,
    .060,
    .080,
    .100,
    .120,
);
#Areas larger than the values below will be filled with parallel lines:
#This cuts down on the number of aperture sizes used.
#Set to 0 to always use an aperture or drill, regardless of size.
use constant { MAX_APERTURE => max((TOOL_SIZES)) + .004, MAX_DRILL => -min((TOOL_SIZES)) + .004 }; #max aperture and drill sizes (plus a little tolerance)
#DebugPrint(sprintf("using %d standard tool sizes: %s, max aper %.3f, max drill %.3f\n", scalar((TOOL_SIZES)), join(", ", (TOOL_SIZES)), MAX_APERTURE, MAX_DRILL), 1);

#NOTE: Compare the PDF to the original CAD file to check the accuracy of the PDF rendering and parsing!
#for example, the CAD software I used generated the following circles for holes:
#CAD hole size:   parsed PDF diameter:      error:
#  .014                .016                +.002
#  .020                .02267              +.00267
#  .025                .026                +.001
#  .029                .03167              +.00267
#  .033                .036                +.003
#  .040                .04267              +.00267
#This was usually ~ .002" - .003" too big compared to the hole as displayed in the CAD software.
#To compensate for PDF rendering errors (either during CAD Print function or PDF parsing logic), adjust the values below as needed.
#units are pixels; for example, a value of 2.4 at 600 dpi = .0004 inch, 2 at 600 dpi = .0033"
use constant
{
    HOLE_ADJUST => -0.004 * 600, #-2.6, #holes seemed to be slightly oversized (by .002" - .004"), so shrink them a little
    RNDPAD_ADJUST => -0.003 * 600, #-2, #-2.4, #round pads seemed to be slightly oversized, so shrink them a little
    SQRPAD_ADJUST => +0.001 * 600, #+.5, #square pads are sometimes too small by .00067, so bump them up a little
    RECTPAD_ADJUST => 0, #(pixels) rectangular pads seem to be okay? (not tested much)
    TRACE_ADJUST => 0, #(pixels) traces seemed to be okay?
    REDUCE_TOLERANCE => .001, #(inches) allow this much variation when reducing circles and rects
};

#Also, my CAD's Print function or the PDF print driver I used was a little off for circles, so define some additional adjustment values here:
#Values are added to X/Y coordinates; units are pixels; for example, a value of 1 at 600 dpi would be ~= .002 inch
use constant
{
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MINX => 0,
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MINY => -0.001 * 600, #-1, #circles were a little too high, so nudge them a little lower
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MAXX => +0.001 * 600, #+1, #circles were a little too far to the left, so nudge them a little to the right
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MAXY => 0,
    SUBST_CIRCLE_CLIPRECT => FALSE, #generate circle and substitute for clip rects (to compensate for the way some CAD software draws circles)
    WANT_CLIPRECT => TRUE, #FALSE, #AI doesn't need clip rect at all? should be on normally?
    RECT_COMPLETION => FALSE, #TRUE, #fill in 4th side of rect when 3 sides found
};

#allow .012 clearance around pads for solder mask:
#This value effectively adjusts pad sizes in the TOOL_SIZES list above (only for solder mask layers).
use constant SOLDER_MARGIN => +.012; #units are inches

#line join/cap styles:
use constant
{
    CAP_NONE => 0, #butt (none); line is exact length
    CAP_ROUND => 1, #round cap/join; line overhangs by a semi-circle at either end
    CAP_SQUARE => 2, #square cap/join; line overhangs by a half square on either end
    CAP_OVERRIDE => FALSE, #cap style overrides drawing logic
};
    
#number of elements in each shape type:
use constant
{
    RECT_SHAPELEN => 6, #x0, y0, x1, y1, count, "rect" (start, end corners)
    LINE_SHAPELEN => 6, #x0, y0, x1, y1, count, "line" (line seg)
    CURVE_SHAPELEN => 10, #xstart, ystart, x0, y0, x1, y1, xend, yend, count, "curve" (bezier 2 points)
    CIRCLE_SHAPELEN => 5, #x, y, 5, count, "circle" (center + radius)
};
#const my %SHAPELEN =
#Readonly my %SHAPELEN =>
our %SHAPELEN =
(
    rect => RECT_SHAPELEN,
    line => LINE_SHAPELEN,
    curve => CURVE_SHAPELEN,
    circle => CIRCLE_SHAPELEN,
);

#panelization:
#This will repeat the entire body the number of times indicated along the X or Y axes (files grow accordingly).
#Display elements that overhang PCB boundary can be squashed or left as-is (typically text or other silk screen markings).
#Set "overhangs" TRUE to allow overhangs, FALSE to truncate them.
#xpad and ypad allow margins to be added around outer edge of panelized PCB.
use constant PANELIZE => {'x' => 1, 'y' => 1, 'xpad' => 0, 'ypad' => 0, 'overhangs' => TRUE}; #number of times to repeat in X and Y directions

# Set this to 1 if you need TurboCAD support.
#$turboCAD = FALSE; #is this still needed as an option?

#CIRCAD pad generation uses an appropriate aperture, then moves it (stroke) "a little" - we use this to find pads and distinguish them from PCB holes. 
use constant PAD_STROKE => 0.3; #0.0005 * 600; #units are pixels
#convert very short traces to pads or holes:
use constant TRACE_MINLEN => .001; #units are inches
#use constant ALWAYS_XY => TRUE; #FALSE; #force XY even if X or Y doesn't change; NOTE: needs to be TRUE for all pads to show in FlatCAM and ViewPlot
use constant REMOVE_POLARITY => FALSE; #TRUE; #set to remove subtractive (negative) polarity; NOTE: must be FALSE for ground planes

#PDF uses "points", each point = 1/72 inch
#combined with a PDF scale factor of .12, this gives 600 dpi resolution (1/72 * .12 = 600 dpi)
use constant INCHES_PER_POINT => 1/72; #0.0138888889; #multiply point-size by this to get inches

# The precision used when computing a bezier curve. Higher numbers are more precise but slower (and generate larger files).
#$bezierPrecision = 100;
use constant BEZIER_PRECISION => 36; #100; #use const; reduced for faster rendering (mainly used for silk screen and thermal pads)

# Ground planes and silk screen or larger copper rectangles or circles are filled line-by-line using this resolution.
use constant FILL_WIDTH => .01; #fill at most 0.01 inch at a time

# The max number of characters to read into memory
use constant MAX_BYTES => 10 * M; #bumped up to 10 MB, use const

use constant DUP_DRILL1 => TRUE; #FALSE; #kludge: ViewPlot doesn't load drill files that are too small so duplicate first tool

my $runtime = time(); #Time::HiRes::gettimeofday(); #measure my execution time

print STDERR "Loaded config settings from '${\(__FILE__)}'.\n";
1; #last value must be truthful to indicate successful load


#############################################################################################
#junk/experiment:

#use Package::Constants;
#use Exporter qw(import); #https://perldoc.perl.org/Exporter.html

#my $caller = "pdf2gerb::";

#sub cfg
#{
#    my $proto = shift;
#    my $class = ref($proto) || $proto;
#    my $settings =
#    {
#        $WANT_DEBUG => 990, #10; #level of debug wanted; higher == more, lower == less, 0 == none
#    };
#    bless($settings, $class);
#    return $settings;
#}

#use constant HELLO => "hi there2"; #"main::HELLO" => "hi there";
#use constant GOODBYE => 14; #"main::GOODBYE" => 12;

#print STDERR "read cfg file\n";

#our @EXPORT_OK = Package::Constants->list(__PACKAGE__); #https://www.perlmonks.org/?node_id=1072691; NOTE: "_OK" skips short/common names

#print STDERR scalar(@EXPORT_OK) . " consts exported:\n";
#foreach(@EXPORT_OK) { print STDERR "$_\n"; }
#my $val = main::thing("xyz");
#print STDERR "caller gave me $val\n";
#foreach my $arg (@ARGV) { print STDERR "arg $arg\n"; }

Download Details:

Author: swannman
Source Code: https://github.com/swannman/pdf2gerb

License: GPL-3.0 license

#perl 

Chando Dhar

Chando Dhar

1619799996

Deep Learning Project : Real Time Object Detection in Python & Opencv

Real Time Object Detection in Python And OpenCV

Github Link: https://github.com/Chando0185/Object_Detection

Blog Link: https://knowledgedoctor37.blogspot.com/#

I’m on Instagram as @knowledge_doctor.

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#python project #object detection #python opencv #opencv object detection #object detection in python #python opencv for object detection

Ray  Patel

Ray Patel

1619510796

Lambda, Map, Filter functions in python

Welcome to my Blog, In this article, we will learn python lambda function, Map function, and filter function.

Lambda function in python: Lambda is a one line anonymous function and lambda takes any number of arguments but can only have one expression and python lambda syntax is

Syntax: x = lambda arguments : expression

Now i will show you some python lambda function examples:

#python #anonymous function python #filter function in python #lambda #lambda python 3 #map python #python filter #python filter lambda #python lambda #python lambda examples #python map

Shardul Bhatt

Shardul Bhatt

1626775355

Why use Python for Software Development

No programming language is pretty much as diverse as Python. It enables building cutting edge applications effortlessly. Developers are as yet investigating the full capability of end-to-end Python development services in various areas. 

By areas, we mean FinTech, HealthTech, InsureTech, Cybersecurity, and that's just the beginning. These are New Economy areas, and Python has the ability to serve every one of them. The vast majority of them require massive computational abilities. Python's code is dynamic and powerful - equipped for taking care of the heavy traffic and substantial algorithmic capacities. 

Programming advancement is multidimensional today. Endeavor programming requires an intelligent application with AI and ML capacities. Shopper based applications require information examination to convey a superior client experience. Netflix, Trello, and Amazon are genuine instances of such applications. Python assists with building them effortlessly. 

5 Reasons to Utilize Python for Programming Web Apps 

Python can do such numerous things that developers can't discover enough reasons to admire it. Python application development isn't restricted to web and enterprise applications. It is exceptionally adaptable and superb for a wide range of uses.

Robust frameworks 

Python is known for its tools and frameworks. There's a structure for everything. Django is helpful for building web applications, venture applications, logical applications, and mathematical processing. Flask is another web improvement framework with no conditions. 

Web2Py, CherryPy, and Falcon offer incredible capabilities to customize Python development services. A large portion of them are open-source frameworks that allow quick turn of events. 

Simple to read and compose 

Python has an improved sentence structure - one that is like the English language. New engineers for Python can undoubtedly understand where they stand in the development process. The simplicity of composing allows quick application building. 

The motivation behind building Python, as said by its maker Guido Van Rossum, was to empower even beginner engineers to comprehend the programming language. The simple coding likewise permits developers to roll out speedy improvements without getting confused by pointless subtleties. 

Utilized by the best 

Alright - Python isn't simply one more programming language. It should have something, which is the reason the business giants use it. Furthermore, that too for different purposes. Developers at Google use Python to assemble framework organization systems, parallel information pusher, code audit, testing and QA, and substantially more. Netflix utilizes Python web development services for its recommendation algorithm and media player. 

Massive community support 

Python has a steadily developing community that offers enormous help. From amateurs to specialists, there's everybody. There are a lot of instructional exercises, documentation, and guides accessible for Python web development solutions. 

Today, numerous universities start with Python, adding to the quantity of individuals in the community. Frequently, Python designers team up on various tasks and help each other with algorithmic, utilitarian, and application critical thinking. 

Progressive applications 

Python is the greatest supporter of data science, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence at any enterprise software development company. Its utilization cases in cutting edge applications are the most compelling motivation for its prosperity. Python is the second most well known tool after R for data analytics.

The simplicity of getting sorted out, overseeing, and visualizing information through unique libraries makes it ideal for data based applications. TensorFlow for neural networks and OpenCV for computer vision are two of Python's most well known use cases for Machine learning applications.

Summary

Thinking about the advances in programming and innovation, Python is a YES for an assorted scope of utilizations. Game development, web application development services, GUI advancement, ML and AI improvement, Enterprise and customer applications - every one of them uses Python to its full potential. 

The disadvantages of Python web improvement arrangements are regularly disregarded by developers and organizations because of the advantages it gives. They focus on quality over speed and performance over blunders. That is the reason it's a good idea to utilize Python for building the applications of the future.

#python development services #python development company #python app development #python development #python in web development #python software development

Well and Color Detection of PCR Plate using Python and OpenCV

Here’s how you can detect each well and it’s color in a PCR 96 well plate

OpenCV is an open source library aimed at computer vision. It has great features that make tasks such as object, and color detection simple and intuitive.

In order to detect each well’s color we need to first get each well’s position in the picture. So, our first goal is to detect each well in a PCR plate. Once we do that we can easily get the pixel colors inside those wells.

We will be working with these libraries:

  • numpy
  • KDTree
  • webcolors
  • cv2

#pcr #python #object-detection #opencv #computer-vision #well and color detection of pcr plate using python and opencv