Connect to Azure SQL Server using Python

Connect to Azure SQL Server using Python

This article provides a step-by-step tutorial of connecting to Azure SQL Server using Python on Linux OS.

This article provides a step-by-step tutorial of connecting to Azure SQL Server using Python on Linux OS.

After creating an Azure SQL Database/Server, you can find the server name on the overview page.

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Azure SQL Server uses ODBC (Open Database Connectivity) as the driver.

A database driver is a computer program that implements a protocol (ODBC or JDBC) for a database connection.

Let me explain it in plain language. Do you still remember the time when we purchased hardware or software, it would come with a disk of its driver, and you had to install that driver before using the application? Well, you can think of the database as the application, and the database driver is essentially the driver that enables us to access the database, or DBMS(Database Management System). Different database systems (Postgresql, Mysql, SQL Server, Oracle,…, etc) have different drivers, mostly either ODBC or JDBC.

Pyodbc is an open-source python package that makes accessing ODBC databases easy. Some use pymssql, but pyodbc is the most popular one.

Let’s get our hands dirty! Firstly, import the required packages. We use sqlalchemy, which is a popular python SQL toolkit, here to create the connection and use urllib to create the connection string.

import os
import pyodbc
import sqlalchemy as sa
from sqlalchemy import create_engine
import urllib (Python 2.7)
from urllib.parse import quote_plus (Python 3)

python pyodbc sql-server azure

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