Git Branching Naming Convention: Best Practices

Git Branching Naming Convention: Best Practices

The article describes the best practices of git branch naming. View seven best naming conventions to ensure their efficiency.

Git offers flexible branching strategies, but what does it mean? In simple words, a branching strategy is a set of rules, a convention that helps teams and developers – they can follow these rules and conventions to create a new branch, its flow, etc.

Not using appropriate naming conventions leads to confusion and complicates the code maintenance team. We can’t ignore Git best practices in branching naming conventions.

Git branching strategies allow separation of work. Broadly, we can divide Git branches into two categories: Regular & Temporary Branches.

Regular Git Branches

These branches will be available in your repository on permanent bases. Their naming convention is simple and straightforward.

  • Development (dev) is the main development branch. The dev branch’s idea is to make changes in it and restrict the developers from making any changes in the master branch directly. Changes in the dev branch undergo reviews and, after testing, get merged with the master branch.
  • Master (master) is the default branch available in the Git repository. It should be stable all the time and won’t allow any direct check-in. You can only merge it after code review. All team members are responsible for keeping the master stable and up-to-date.
  • QA (QA), or test branch, contains all the code for QA testing and automation testing of all changes implemented. Before any change goes to the production environment, it must undergo the QA testing to get a stable codebase.

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