Flask vs. Django: Choose Your Python Web Framework

Flask vs. Django: Choose Your Python Web Framework

A deeper understanding of the basics is necessary to get started with Flask and Django frameworks. The differences and benefits attached to each framework lie in what kind of project you wish to implement. The main contrasts include:Flask and Django

Are you looking into developing a website with Python? Then you’ve probably heard of Django and Flask. These two are the most popular web frameworks for Python (of course there are many more). The question now is which one do you use?

This post intends to provide a simple introduction to how both frameworks work, their similarities and differences, and some points you should consider when choosing between them.

I. Quick Introductions

The primary applications based on Python were created using the command-line interface, run on either command prompt or shell scripts. Of course, people wanted to do more with Python than just automate tasks and manage workflows. They soon needed web frameworks.


Django is a Python web framework suited for perfectionists with a time limit. Django offers a full-featured Model-View-Controller framework. Its development is based on a “batteries-included methodology,” which enables the developer to create websites without third-party libraries and tools. With the first release on July 15th, 2005, Django is developed and managed by the Django Software Foundation (DSF). It is free and open-source with more version releases.


Flask is a Python micro-framework based on doing one thing at a time and doing it well. With the first release on April 1st, 2010, Flask is developed by Armin Ronacher, an Austrian developer. As described in its documentation forward, the micro in micro-framework implies that Flask aims to maintain its lightweight simplicity and still extensible usage. The true power of Flask is its ability to be flexible.

II. Comparison and Contrast, Flask Vs. Django

Below is an in-depth comparison of Django and Flask, using factors like:

  • Popularity: Usage and Use Cases
  • Getting Started: Documentation and Navigation Ease
  • Template Engine and System
  • Routing system
  • User Flexibility
  • Availability of Admin system
  • Speed of Development

Popularity: Usage and Use Cases

Several top websites use Django and Flask. Statistics from GitHub and other sites show Django is more popular than Flask. This popularity is only down to developers’ use of Django’s robust features to build and deploy complicated web applications rapidly. Similarly, developers use Flask to speed up the development of websites that use fixed content. Some well-known projects powered by Django (Bitbucket, Eventbrite, Instagram, Pinterest, and more) and Flask (LinkedIn, Netflix, Twilio, Uber) use these frameworks actively.

User Flexibility

One of the biggest differences between the two frameworks is flexibility.

Django’s batteries-included concept aids developers in creating a variety of web apps without third-party libraries and tools. However, Django lacks the options to effect changes to provided modules. Hence, developers create web applications using built-in features. This means if a developer wants to use a different library for a function that Django already provides, it won’t be easy.

Conversely, Flask uses its extensible web framework to enable the flexible development of web applications using various web development libraries and tools. This allows more experienced developers the freedom to plug and play with the libraries and databases they are comfortable with.

You’re not stuck with what the framework forces you to use. Instead, you can pivot into technical components you’re comfortable with.

Documentation and Navigation Ease

Flask makes extensive documentation available, which covers deployment, installation, QuickStart instructions, and detailed tutorials. Using Python’s package manager, installing Flask with pip is easy.

$ pip install flask

The pip command above installs Flask with its essential packages. Running codes on Flask is quite simple (for instance, displaying “Hi Welcome”). All it requires is creating an instance of the Flask class, followed by a route that displays the “Hi Welcome” string.

from flask import Flask
app = Flask(__name__)
    def hi_welcome():
        return "Hi Welcome"
if __name__ == "__main__":

Django’s documentation is much more extensive than Flask’s, which is to be expected due to its complexity. Django can be installed quickly using pip as well.

$ pip install Django

Running code in Django involves the use of an in-built command to create a project, and another command for app creation. Its start-up commands are convenient since it engages a ready-to-use directory structure.

Routing System

Essential to any web application or website is the Routing system, which creates URLs and determines what displays when the URL is loaded.

Flask employs a simple, lightweight web framework with routing done by a route() decorator. Using the “Hello World” sample above, the first line is a decorator. Decorators are the function that takes a callable (a class) as a parameter, followed by modification before returning it. The string used also tells Flask what URL triggers its function. For example, use /(, which loads the very first page when Flask is accessed using your browser.

For Django, it applies a batteries-included approach, which makes it easier for developers to accomplish basic web development tasks like database schema migration, URL routing, and user authentication. Custom web application also experiences process acceleration in Django as it offers a bootstrapping tool, built-in template engine, and ORM system. Routing is handled using the urls.py file, which is created when running the in-built djangoadmin startproject command. To define a route entails importing the URL method from Django and creating an instance, specifying each parameter (keyword arguments, existing URLs module, and regex string). The in-built Django URL for the admin site comes by default in the urls.py file. It tells Django where you’re loading the URL from and the specified module.

Availability of Admin system

Django uses an admin system that follows the Object Relational Mapper (ORM) directory structure and a database system. It adds to the all-inclusive experience when it comes to developing with Django as multiple projects have the same directory structure.

Flask lacks these features and may require you to install custom modules to use an ORM as optional to the developer. These options include usage with MongoDB, SQLAlchemy, SQLite, and more. As you can see, this is a tradeoff between flexibility and ease of use. Where Django comes with most of the technical components required to build a website. Flask is more purely only the framework, allowing the end user to make more decisions.

Speed of Development

Django frameworks are known to offer fast speed of development for complex web applications. Since it offers full features, it provides all the necessary tools for implementation.

Flask’s simplicity permits experienced developers to complete smaller applications within short timeframes. A significant advantage of the Django framework is the availability of an active community intended to help with solutions to scale your app or make your job easier with useful content. The Flask community is currently not as big, so finding useful information is not as easy.

Template Engine and System

All web applications have a front-end (user interface) that supports user interaction. Since web apps are not static, they take different approaches to generate HTML dynamically. Django and Flask offer exciting templates engines.

Flask is developed using the Jinja2 template engine. It is a modern and design-friendly template, which allows developers to simulate dynamic web applications with the assistance of an integrated sandboxed environment. Jinja2 templates contain variables as well as tags. Another key characteristic of Flask templates is template inheritance. Below are examples of some commonly used Jinja2 syntax:

comments: {# … #}
variables: {{ … }}
statements: {% … %} (Similar to normal programming, Jinja2 statements find usage in a variety of cases, like if-else statements, imports, loops, and macros).

Django uses a built-in template engine, which allows developers to define the web application’s user-facing layer effortlessly. Also, developers can use the Django template language (DTL) to write templates in creating custom user interface development. Templating syntax in Django includes:

single-line comments: {# … #}
multi-line comments: {% comment %} … {% endcomment %}
filters on variables: {{ variable|filter }}
tags: {% … %}
variables: {{ … }}

The jinja2 template takes inspiration from the Django template language, hence the similar syntax. Django templates feature template inheritance, and more information can be seen at Django template official documentation.


A deeper understanding of the basics is necessary to get started with Flask and Django frameworks. The differences and benefits attached to each framework lie in what kind of project you wish to implement. The main contrasts include:

Flask offers flexibility, simplicity, and fine-grained control. Flask is un-opinionated, letting you decide how you wish to get apps implemented.

Django offers an all-inclusive experience with admin panel, database interfaces, directory structure, and ORM for your web application development.

We hope this helps you make a clear decision on the framework you pick.

Good luck with your future projects!

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Python Django Tutorial | Django Course

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Why should you watch this Django tutorial?

You can learn Django much faster than any other programming language and this Django tutorial helps you do just that. Our Django tutorial has been created with extensive inputs from the industry so that you can learn Django and apply it for real world scenarios.

Django vs. Flask: Which Python Web Framework to Choose?

Django vs. Flask: Which Python Web Framework to Choose?

Django vs. Flask: Which Python Web Framework to Choose. When it comes to web development in Python, Django isn’t the only game in town. Flask is a scrappy young framework that takes a very different approach. This Python Web Framework tutorial, given by a web developer who has experience with both frameworks, takes a good look at the pros and cons for both Flask and Django

When it comes to web development in Python, Django isn’t the only game in town. Flask is a scrappy young framework that takes a very different approach – whereas Django ships with tons of features ready and eager to be used, Flask provides a bare minimum feature-set with rock-solid extensibility and incredible flexibility. This talk, given by a web developer who has experience with both frameworks, takes a good look at the pros and cons for both Flask and Django. If you’ve ever felt that Django is too hard to learn, or too inflexible, this is the talk for you!

Django vs Flask - choosing the best python framework

Django vs Flask - choosing the best python framework

In this article, Django vs. Flask – Choosing the Best Python Framework, we will describe the significant aspect of these frameworks and choose the best framework that’s perfect for you. So let’s discuss these frameworks.

In this article, Django vs. Flask – Choosing the Best Python Framework, we will describe the significant aspect of these frameworks and choose the best framework that’s perfect for you. So let’s discuss these frameworks.

Introduction to Django

Django is a high-level Python framework that encourages the perfection of your project’s design.

It’s free and open source web application framework developed by professional developers.

Django is fast, secure, exceedingly scalable, and incredibly versatile.

Django was explicitly created for simplifying the creation of complex projects. It facilitates low coupling, less coding, and the natural use of the make-up component.

Pros of Django

  • The Django framework has an MVC architecture comprising of an object-relational mapper (ORM) that moves data models and a relational database, a system processing HTTP requests, and a regular-expression-based URL dispatcher.
  • It’s a light weighted framework with a standalone server for the development and testing of applications.
  • It has a caching framework that uses any cache methods.
  • Django supports four database backend like PostgreSQL, Oracle, MySQL, and SQLite.
  • Django has a growing community of developers, with conferences held every year in different countries.
  • It’s been used in some well-known sites like Instagram, Udemy, Spotify, andmore.

Introduction to Flask

Flask is a web framework written in Python. It has good syntax that’s easy to understand.

Its built-in technology is easy to understand; this makes it easy for beginners to get started with.

Flask focuses on users request and the responses to deliver back to its user.

It doesn’t require a particular tool or libraries; no database abstraction layer except third party libraries which are imported to provide common functions.

Pros of Flask

  • Flask contains a development server and a debugger.
  • It produces extensive documentation of projects.
  • Flask offers extensions available to enhance features desired. It is Unicode based, with fully integrated support for unit testing.
  • Flask is based on two micro frameworks a utility library for Python programming called Werkzeug, and a template engine called Jinja.
  • It’s used by popular websites such as LinkedIn, Pinterest, and more.
Why use Django?

Django has a fast growing community. It has over eighty thousand questions on stack overflow and also set of quality blogs from several developers.

Encountering a problem while coding wouldn’t be an issue as answers to the most challenging issues are already available on the internet.

We would try to differentiate between Django and Flask in attempting to add data into a database

Using a ModelForm in Django, the data will be automatically inserted into the form. Here we will try to create a structure in which a user creates a post. This post form will take in 2 values, the title of the post and the content of the post.

So the first thing we have to do is create our database. We will call our database, Post. It will only have two fields: title and content.

#models.py File

from django.db import models

class Post(models.Model):

title= models.CharField(max_length=300, unique=True)

content= models.TextField()

This is a primary database. We have a title and a content field. Now we’ll create our template file named createpost.html we are going to have the form where a user can submit a post. This is a simple form that only contains two fields: title and content.


<title>Create a Post </title>



<h1>Create a Post </h1>

<form action="" method="POST">

{% csrf_token %}

Title: <input type="text" name="title"/><br/>

Content: <br/>

<textarea cols="35" rows="8" name="content">


<input type="submit" value="Post"/>




We need a name attribute with each form field because this is how we will extract the data that the user enters into the area.

Lastly, we have our views.py file. In this file, we will take the data that the user has entered into the form fields and insert the data into a database. The following code in the views.py file does this.

from django.shortcuts import render

from .models import Post

def createpost(request):

if request.method == 'REVIEW':

if request.REVIEW.get('title') and request.REVIEW.get('content'):


post.title= request.REVIEW.get('title')
post.content= request.REVIEW.get('content')
return render(request, 'posts/create.html')

return render(request,'posts/create.html')

This is how data is inserted into a database from an HTML form in Django.

Using Django will reduce your expenses in developing applications because it doesn’t require massive tool and libraries compared to Flask. Its database system can be applied widely to produce complex projects.

Why use Flask?

Flask has a smaller community compared to Django. It uses a variety of libraries for building a complex project, but its best suited for a smaller project. Flask has a flexible framework. Flask’s Hello World app has to be the simplest out there, having just seven lines of code.

from flask import Flask
app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route("/") # take note of this decorator syntax, it's a common pattern

def hello():

return "Hello World!"
if __name__ == "__main__":


The following code will display “Hello world.”

Most of its functionality is extremely extensible. It’s Modular and has a light weighted design. Its framework provides HTTP request handling. Its API is coherent and easy to deploy during production.


Django makes it easier to build better Web apps more quickly and with less code. Flask doesn’t need a particular tool or library, and it’s also preferable for smaller projects. Both frameworks are great to use, but only the framework that’s ideal for your project development should be considered.