Tamia  Walter

Tamia Walter

1625645672

GitHub Previews Copilot, an OpenAI-Powered Coding Assistant

GitHub recently announced Copilot, an AI-powered pair programmer designed to help developers write code faster and with less effort. The service learns from comments and existing code, suggesting new lines and the implementation of whole functions.

Powered by Codex, the AI system created by OpenAI, Copilot works with different frameworks and languages. Nat Friedman, CEO of GitHub, suggests that the technical preview works better with Python, JavaScript, TypeScript, Ruby, and Go, but it is designed to understand other programming languages too.

A GitHub Copilot implementation of a sortByKey function in Python.

The Visual Studio Code sends comments and code typed by the developer to the GitHub Copilot service, which synthesizes and suggests the implementation. According to GitHub, the service is optimized for small functions with meaningful names for parameters, as for the sortByKey example above:

We recently benchmarked against a set of Python functions that have good test coverage in open source repos. We blanked out the function bodies and asked GitHub Copilot to fill them in. The model got this right 43% of the time on the first try, and 57% of the time when allowed 10 attempts. And it is getting smarter all the time.

#github #ai #artificial-intelligence

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

GitHub Previews Copilot, an OpenAI-Powered Coding Assistant
Lawrence  Lesch

Lawrence Lesch

1678870808

React-codemirror: CodeMirror 6 component for React

React-codemirror

CodeMirror component for React. Demo Preview: @uiwjs.github.io/react-codemirror

Features:

🚀 Quickly and easily configure the API.
🌱 Versions after @uiw/react-codemirror@v4 use codemirror 6. #88.
⚛️ Support the features of React Hook(requires React 16.8+).
📚 Use Typescript to write, better code hints.
🌐 The bundled version supports use directly in the browser #267.
🌎 There are better sample previews.
🎨 Support theme customization, provide theme editor.

Install

Not dependent on uiw.

npm install @uiw/react-codemirror --save

Usage

Open in CodeSandbox

import React from 'react';
import CodeMirror from '@uiw/react-codemirror';
import { javascript } from '@codemirror/lang-javascript';

function App() {
  const onChange = React.useCallback((value, viewUpdate) => {
    console.log('value:', value);
  }, []);
  return (
    <CodeMirror
      value="console.log('hello world!');"
      height="200px"
      extensions={[javascript({ jsx: true })]}
      onChange={onChange}
    />
  );
}
export default App;

Support Language

Open in CodeSandbox

import CodeMirror from '@uiw/react-codemirror';
import { StreamLanguage } from '@codemirror/language';
import { go } from '@codemirror/legacy-modes/mode/go';

const goLang = `package main
import "fmt"

func main() {
  fmt.Println("Hello, 世界")
}`;

export default function App() {
  return <CodeMirror value={goLang} height="200px" extensions={[StreamLanguage.define(go)]} />;
}

Markdown Example

Markdown language code is automatically highlighted.

Open in CodeSandbox

import CodeMirror from '@uiw/react-codemirror';
import { markdown, markdownLanguage } from '@codemirror/lang-markdown';
import { languages } from '@codemirror/language-data';

const code = `## Title

\`\`\`jsx
function Demo() {
  return <div>demo</div>
}
\`\`\`

\`\`\`bash
# Not dependent on uiw.
npm install @codemirror/lang-markdown --save
npm install @codemirror/language-data --save
\`\`\`

[weisit ulr](https://uiwjs.github.io/react-codemirror/)

\`\`\`go
package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
  fmt.Println("Hello, 世界")
}
\`\`\`
`;

export default function App() {
  return <CodeMirror value={code} extensions={[markdown({ base: markdownLanguage, codeLanguages: languages })]} />;
}

Support Hook

Open in CodeSandbox

import { useEffect, useMemo, useRef } from 'react';
import { useCodeMirror } from '@uiw/react-codemirror';
import { javascript } from '@codemirror/lang-javascript';

const code = "console.log('hello world!');\n\n\n";
// Define the extensions outside the component for the best performance.
// If you need dynamic extensions, use React.useMemo to minimize reference changes
// which cause costly re-renders.
const extensions = [javascript()];

export default function App() {
  const editor = useRef();
  const { setContainer } = useCodeMirror({
    container: editor.current,
    extensions,
    value: code,
  });

  useEffect(() => {
    if (editor.current) {
      setContainer(editor.current);
    }
  }, [editor.current]);

  return <div ref={editor} />;
}

Using Theme

We have created a theme editor where you can define your own theme. We have also defined some themes ourselves, which can be installed and used directly. Below is a usage example:

import CodeMirror from '@uiw/react-codemirror';
import { javascript } from '@codemirror/lang-javascript';
import { okaidia } from '@uiw/codemirror-theme-okaidia';

const extensions = [javascript({ jsx: true })];

export default function App() {
  return (
    <CodeMirror
      value="console.log('hello world!');"
      height="200px"
      theme={okaidia}
      extensions={[javascript({ jsx: true })]}
    />
  );
}

Using custom theme

import CodeMirror from '@uiw/react-codemirror';
import { createTheme } from '@uiw/codemirror-themes';
import { javascript } from '@codemirror/lang-javascript';
import { tags as t } from '@lezer/highlight';

const myTheme = createTheme({
  theme: 'light',
  settings: {
    background: '#ffffff',
    foreground: '#75baff',
    caret: '#5d00ff',
    selection: '#036dd626',
    selectionMatch: '#036dd626',
    lineHighlight: '#8a91991a',
    gutterBackground: '#fff',
    gutterForeground: '#8a919966',
  },
  styles: [
    { tag: t.comment, color: '#787b8099' },
    { tag: t.variableName, color: '#0080ff' },
    { tag: [t.string, t.special(t.brace)], color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.number, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.bool, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.null, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.keyword, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.operator, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.className, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.definition(t.typeName), color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.typeName, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.angleBracket, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.tagName, color: '#5c6166' },
    { tag: t.attributeName, color: '#5c6166' },
  ],
});
const extensions = [javascript({ jsx: true })];

export default function App() {
  const onChange = React.useCallback((value, viewUpdate) => {
    console.log('value:', value);
  }, []);
  return (
    <CodeMirror
      value="console.log('hello world!');"
      height="200px"
      theme={myTheme}
      extensions={extensions}
      onChange={onChange}
    />
  );
}

Use initialState to restore state from JSON-serialized representation

CodeMirror allows to serialize editor state to JSON representation with toJSON function for persistency or other needs. This JSON representation can be later used to recreate ReactCodeMirror component with the same internal state.

For example, this is how undo history can be saved in the local storage, so that it remains after the page reloads

import CodeMirror from '@uiw/react-codemirror';
import { historyField } from '@codemirror/commands';

// When custom fields should be serialized, you can pass them in as an object mapping property names to fields.
// See [toJSON](https://codemirror.net/docs/ref/#state.EditorState.toJSON) documentation for more details
const stateFields = { history: historyField };

export function EditorWithInitialState() {
  const serializedState = localStorage.getItem('myEditorState');
  const value = localStorage.getItem('myValue') || '';

  return (
    <CodeMirror
      value={value}
      initialState={
        serializedState
          ? {
              json: JSON.parse(serializedState || ''),
              fields: stateFields,
            }
          : undefined
      }
      onChange={(value, viewUpdate) => {
        localStorage.setItem('myValue', value);

        const state = viewUpdate.state.toJSON(stateFields);
        localStorage.setItem('myEditorState', JSON.stringify(state));
      }}
    />
  );
}

Props

  • value?: string value of the auto created model in the editor.
  • width?: string width of editor. Defaults to auto.
  • height?: string height of editor. Defaults to auto.
  • theme?: 'light' / 'dark' / Extension Defaults to 'light'.
import React from 'react';
import { EditorState, EditorStateConfig, Extension } from '@codemirror/state';
import { EditorView, ViewUpdate } from '@codemirror/view';
export * from '@codemirror/view';
export * from '@codemirror/basic-setup';
export * from '@codemirror/state';
export interface UseCodeMirror extends ReactCodeMirrorProps {
  container?: HTMLDivElement | null;
}
export declare function useCodeMirror(props: UseCodeMirror): {
  state: EditorState | undefined;
  setState: import('react').Dispatch<import('react').SetStateAction<EditorState | undefined>>;
  view: EditorView | undefined;
  setView: import('react').Dispatch<import('react').SetStateAction<EditorView | undefined>>;
  container: HTMLDivElement | null | undefined;
  setContainer: import('react').Dispatch<import('react').SetStateAction<HTMLDivElement | null | undefined>>;
};
export interface ReactCodeMirrorProps
  extends Omit<EditorStateConfig, 'doc' | 'extensions'>,
    Omit<React.HTMLAttributes<HTMLDivElement>, 'onChange' | 'placeholder'> {
  /** value of the auto created model in the editor. */
  value?: string;
  height?: string;
  minHeight?: string;
  maxHeight?: string;
  width?: string;
  minWidth?: string;
  maxWidth?: string;
  /** focus on the editor. */
  autoFocus?: boolean;
  /** Enables a placeholder—a piece of example content to show when the editor is empty. */
  placeholder?: string | HTMLElement;
  /**
   * `light` / `dark` / `Extension` Defaults to `light`.
   * @default light
   */
  theme?: 'light' | 'dark' | Extension;
  /**
   * Whether to optional basicSetup by default
   * @default true
   */
  basicSetup?: boolean | BasicSetupOptions;
  /**
   * This disables editing of the editor content by the user.
   * @default true
   */
  editable?: boolean;
  /**
   * This disables editing of the editor content by the user.
   * @default false
   */
  readOnly?: boolean;
  /**
   * Whether to optional basicSetup by default
   * @default true
   */
  indentWithTab?: boolean;
  /** Fired whenever a change occurs to the document. */
  onChange?(value: string, viewUpdate: ViewUpdate): void;
  /** Some data on the statistics editor. */
  onStatistics?(data: Statistics): void;
  /** The first time the editor executes the event. */
  onCreateEditor?(view: EditorView, state: EditorState): void;
  /** Fired whenever any state change occurs within the editor, including non-document changes like lint results. */
  onUpdate?(viewUpdate: ViewUpdate): void;
  /**
   * Extension values can be [provided](https://codemirror.net/6/docs/ref/#state.EditorStateConfig.extensions) when creating a state to attach various kinds of configuration and behavior information.
   * They can either be built-in extension-providing objects,
   * such as [state fields](https://codemirror.net/6/docs/ref/#state.StateField) or [facet providers](https://codemirror.net/6/docs/ref/#state.Facet.of),
   * or objects with an extension in its `extension` property. Extensions can be nested in arrays arbitrarily deep—they will be flattened when processed.
   */
  extensions?: Extension[];
  /**
   * If the view is going to be mounted in a shadow root or document other than the one held by the global variable document (the default), you should pass it here.
   * Originally from the [config of EditorView](https://codemirror.net/6/docs/ref/#view.EditorView.constructor%5Econfig.root)
   */
  root?: ShadowRoot | Document;
  /**
   * Create a state from its JSON representation serialized with [toJSON](https://codemirror.net/docs/ref/#state.EditorState.toJSON) function
   */
  initialState?: {
    json: any;
    fields?: Record<'string', StateField<any>>;
  };
}
export interface ReactCodeMirrorRef {
  editor?: HTMLDivElement | null;
  state?: EditorState;
  view?: EditorView;
}
declare const ReactCodeMirror: React.ForwardRefExoticComponent<
  ReactCodeMirrorProps & React.RefAttributes<ReactCodeMirrorRef>
>;
export default ReactCodeMirror;
export interface BasicSetupOptions {
  lineNumbers?: boolean;
  highlightActiveLineGutter?: boolean;
  highlightSpecialChars?: boolean;
  history?: boolean;
  foldGutter?: boolean;
  drawSelection?: boolean;
  dropCursor?: boolean;
  allowMultipleSelections?: boolean;
  indentOnInput?: boolean;
  syntaxHighlighting?: boolean;
  bracketMatching?: boolean;
  closeBrackets?: boolean;
  autocompletion?: boolean;
  rectangularSelection?: boolean;
  crosshairCursor?: boolean;
  highlightActiveLine?: boolean;
  highlightSelectionMatches?: boolean;
  closeBracketsKeymap?: boolean;
  defaultKeymap?: boolean;
  searchKeymap?: boolean;
  historyKeymap?: boolean;
  foldKeymap?: boolean;
  completionKeymap?: boolean;
  lintKeymap?: boolean;
}
import { EditorSelection, SelectionRange } from '@codemirror/state';
import { ViewUpdate } from '@codemirror/view';
export interface Statistics {
  /** Get the number of lines in the editor. */
  lineCount: number;
  /** total length of the document */
  length: number;
  /** Get the proper [line-break](https://codemirror.net/docs/ref/#state.EditorState^lineSeparator) string for this state. */
  lineBreak: string;
  /** Returns true when the editor is [configured](https://codemirror.net/6/docs/ref/#state.EditorState^readOnly) to be read-only. */
  readOnly: boolean;
  /** The size (in columns) of a tab in the document, determined by the [`tabSize`](https://codemirror.net/6/docs/ref/#state.EditorState^tabSize) facet. */
  tabSize: number;
  /** Cursor Position */
  selection: EditorSelection;
  /** Make sure the selection only has one range. */
  selectionAsSingle: SelectionRange;
  /** Retrieves a list of all current selections. */
  ranges: readonly SelectionRange[];
  /** Get the currently selected code. */
  selectionCode: string;
  /**
   * The length of the given array should be the same as the number of active selections.
   * Replaces the content of the selections with the strings in the array.
   */
  selections: string[];
  /** Return true if any text is selected. */
  selectedText: boolean;
}
export declare const getStatistics: (view: ViewUpdate) => Statistics;

All Packages

NameNPM VersionWebsite
@uiw/react-codemirrornpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-basic-setupnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-colornpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-classnamenpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-eventsnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-hyper-linknpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-langsnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-line-numbers-relativenpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-mentionsnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-extensions-zebra-stripesnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-themesnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
NameNPM VersionWebsite
@uiw/codemirror-themes-allnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-abcdefnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-androidstudionpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-atomonenpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-auranpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-bbeditnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-bespinnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-duotonenpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-draculanpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-darculanpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-eclipsenpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-githubnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-gruvbox-darknpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-materialnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-noctis-lilacnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-nordnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-okaidianpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-solarizednpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-sublimenpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-tokyo-nightnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-tokyo-night-stormnpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-tokyo-night-daynpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-vscodenpm version NPM Downloads#preview
@uiw/codemirror-theme-xcodenpm version NPM Downloads#preview

Related


Download Details:

Author: uiwjs
Source Code: https://github.com/uiwjs/react-codemirror 
License: MIT license

#typescript #react #editor #hook #codemirror 

Monty  Boehm

Monty Boehm

1675304280

How to Use Hotwire Rails

Introduction

We are back with another exciting and much-talked-about Rails tutorial on how to use Hotwire with the Rails application. This Hotwire Rails tutorial is an alternate method for building modern web applications that consume a pinch of JavaScript.

Rails 7 Hotwire is the default front-end framework shipped with Rails 7 after it was launched. It is used to represent HTML over the wire in the Rails application. Previously, we used to add a hotwire-rails gem in our gem file and then run rails hotwire: install. However, with the introduction of Rails 7, the gem got deprecated. Now, we use turbo-rails and stimulus rails directly, which work as Hotwire’s SPA-like page accelerator and Hotwire’s modest JavaScript framework.

What is Hotwire?

Hotwire is a package of different frameworks that help to build applications. It simplifies the developer’s work for writing web pages without the need to write JavaScript, and instead sending HTML code over the wire.

Introduction to The Hotwire Framework:

1. Turbo:

It uses simplified techniques to build web applications while decreasing the usage of JavaScript in the application. Turbo offers numerous handling methods for the HTML data sent over the wire and displaying the application’s data without actually loading the entire page. It helps to maintain the simplicity of web applications without destroying the single-page application experience by using the below techniques:

Turbo Frames: Turbo Frames help to load the different sections of our markup without any dependency as it divides the page into different contexts separately called frames and updates these frames individually.
Turbo Drive: Every link doesn’t have to make the entire page reload when clicked. Only the HTML contained within the tag will be displayed.
Turbo Streams: To add real-time features to the application, this technique is used. It helps to bring real-time data to the application using CRUD actions.

2. Stimulus

It represents the JavaScript framework, which is required when JS is a requirement in the application. The interaction with the HTML is possible with the help of a stimulus, as the controllers that help those interactions are written by a stimulus.

3. Strada

Not much information is available about Strada as it has not been officially released yet. However, it works with native applications, and by using HTML bridge attributes, interaction is made possible between web applications and native apps.

Simple diagrammatic representation of Hotwire Stack:

Hotwire Stack

Prerequisites For Hotwire Rails Tutorial

As we are implementing the Ruby on Rails Hotwire tutorial, make sure about the following installations before you can get started.

  • Ruby on Rails
  • Hotwire gem
  • PostgreSQL/SQLite (choose any one database)
  • Turbo Rails
  • Stimulus.js

Looking for an enthusiastic team of ROR developers to shape the vision of your web project?
Contact Bacancy today and hire Ruby developers to start building your dream project!

Create a new Rails Project

Find the following commands to create a rails application.

mkdir ~/projects/railshotwire
cd ~/projects/railshotwire
echo "source 'https://rubygems.org'" > Gemfile
echo "gem 'rails', '~> 7.0.0'" >> Gemfile
bundle install  
bundle exec rails new . --force -d=postgresql

Now create some files for the project, up till now no usage of Rails Hotwire can be seen.
Fire the following command in your terminal.

  • For creating a default controller for the application
echo "class HomeController < ApplicationController" > app/controllers/home_controller.rb
echo "end" >> app/controllers/home_controller.rb
  • For creating another controller for the application
echo "class OtherController < ApplicationController" > app/controllers/other_controller.rb
echo "end" >> app/controllers/home_controller.rb
  • For creating routes for the application
echo "Rails.application.routes.draw do" > config/routes.rb
echo '  get "home/index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo '  get "other/index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo '  root to: "home#index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo 'end' >> config/routes.rb
  • For creating a default view for the application
mkdir app/views/home
echo '<h1>This is Rails Hotwire homepage</h1>' > app/views/home/index.html.erb
echo '<div><%= link_to "Enter to other page", other_index_path %></div>' >> app/views/home/index.html.erb
  • For creating another view for the application
mkdir app/views/other
echo '<h1>This is Another page</h1>' > app/views/other/index.html.erb
echo '<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>' >> app/views/other/index.html.erb
  • For creating a database and schema.rb file for the application
bin/rails db:create
bin/rails db:migrate
  • For checking the application run bin/rails s and open your browser, your running application will have the below view.

Rails Hotwire Home Page

Additionally, you can clone the code and browse through the project. Here’s the source code of the repository: Rails 7 Hotwire application

Now, let’s see how Hotwire Rails can work its magic with various Turbo techniques.

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Drive

Go to your localhost:3000 on your web browser and right-click on the Inspect and open a Network tab of the DevTools of the browser.

Now click on go to another page link that appears on the home page to redirect from the home page to another page. In our Network tab, we can see that this action of navigation is achieved via XHR. It appears only the part inside HTML is reloaded, here neither the CSS is reloaded nor the JS is reloaded when the navigation action is performed.

Hotwire Rails Turbo Drive

By performing this action we can see that Turbo Drive helps to represent the HTML response without loading the full page and only follows redirect and reindeer HTML responses which helps to make the application faster to access.

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Frame

This technique helps to divide the current page into different sections called frames that can be updated separately independently when new data is added from the server.
Below we discuss the different use cases of Turbo frame like inline edition, sorting, searching, and filtering of data.

Let’s perform some practical actions to see the example of these use cases.

Make changes in the app/controllers/home_controller.rb file

#CODE

class HomeController < ApplicationController
   def turbo_frame_form
   end
   
   def turbo_frame submit
      extracted_anynumber = params[:any][:anynumber]
      render :turbo_frame_form, status: :ok, locals: {anynumber: extracted_anynumber,      comment: 'turbo_frame_submit ok' }
   end
end

Turbo Frame

Add app/views/home/turbo_frame_form.html.erb file to the application and add this content inside the file.

#CODE

<section>

    <%= turbo_frame_tag 'anyframe' do %>
            
      <div>
          <h2>Frame view</h2>
          <%= form_with scope: :any, url: turbo_frame_submit_path, local: true do |form| %>
              <%= form.label :anynumber, 'Type an integer (odd or even)', 'class' => 'my-0  d-inline'  %>
              <%= form.text_field :anynumber, type: 'number', 'required' => 'true', 'value' => "#{local_assigns[:anynumber] || 0}",  'aria-describedby' => 'anynumber' %>
              <%= form.submit 'Submit this number', 'id' => 'submit-number' %>
          <% end %>
      </div>
      <div>
        <h2>Data of the view</h2>
        <pre style="font-size: .7rem;"><%= JSON.pretty_generate(local_assigns) %></pre> 
      </div>
      
    <% end %>

</section>

Add the content inside file

Make some adjustments in routes.rb

#CODE

Rails.application.routes.draw do
  get 'home/index'
  get 'other/index'

  get '/home/turbo_frame_form' => 'home#turbo_frame_form', as: 'turbo_frame_form'
  post '/home/turbo_frame_submit' => 'home#turbo_frame_submit', as: 'turbo_frame_submit'


  root to: "home#index"
end
  • Next step is to change homepage view in app/views/home/index.html.erb

#CODE

<h1>This is Rails Hotwire home page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to other page", other_index_path %></div>

<%= turbo_frame_tag 'anyframe' do %>        
  <div>
      <h2>Home view</h2>
      <%= form_with scope: :any, url: turbo_frame_submit_path, local: true do |form| %>
          <%= form.label :anynumber, 'Type an integer (odd or even)', 'class' => 'my-0  d-inline'  %>
          <%= form.text_field :anynumber, type: 'number', 'required' => 'true', 'value' => "#{local_assigns[:anynumber] || 0}",  'aria-describedby' => 'anynumber' %>
          <%= form.submit 'Submit this number', 'id' => 'submit-number' %>
      <% end %>
  <div>
<% end %>

Change HomePage

After making all the changes, restart the rails server and refresh the browser, the default view will appear on the browser.

restart the rails serverNow in the field enter any digit, after entering the digit click on submit button, and as the submit button is clicked we can see the Turbo Frame in action in the below screen, we can observe that the frame part changed, the first title and first link didn’t move.

submit button is clicked

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Streams

Turbo Streams deliver page updates over WebSocket, SSE or in response to form submissions by only using HTML and a series of CRUD-like operations, you are free to say that either

  • Update the piece of HTML while responding to all the other actions like the post, put, patch, and delete except the GET action.
  • Transmit a change to all users, without reloading the browser page.

This transmit can be represented by a simple example.

  • Make changes in app/controllers/other_controller.rb file of rails application

#CODE

class OtherController < ApplicationController

  def post_something
    respond_to do |format|
      format.turbo_stream {  }
    end
  end

   end

file of rails application

Add the below line in routes.rb file of the application

#CODE

post '/other/post_something' => 'other#post_something', as: 'post_something'
Add the below line

Superb! Rails will now attempt to locate the app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template at any moment the ‘/other/post_something’ endpoint is reached.

For this, we need to add app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template in the rails application.

#CODE

<turbo-stream action="append" target="messages">
  <template>
    <div id="message_1">This changes the existing message!</div>
  </template>
</turbo-stream>
Add template in the rails application

This states that the response will try to append the template of the turbo frame with ID “messages”.

Now change the index.html.erb file in app/views/other paths with the below content.

#CODE

<h1>This is Another page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>

<div style="margin-top: 3rem;">
  <%= form_with scope: :any, url: post_something_path do |form| %>
      <%= form.submit 'Post any message %>
  <% end %>
  <turbo-frame id="messages">
    <div>An empty message</div>
  </turbo-frame>
</div>
change the index.html.erb file
  • After making all the changes, restart the rails server and refresh the browser, and go to the other page.

go to the other page

  • Once the above screen appears, click on the Post any message button

Post any message button

This action shows that after submitting the response, the Turbo Streams help the developer to append the message, without reloading the page.

Another use case we can test is that rather than appending the message, the developer replaces the message. For that, we need to change the content of app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template file and change the value of the action attribute from append to replace and check the changes in the browser.

#CODE

<turbo-stream action="replace" target="messages">
  <template>
    <div id="message_1">This changes the existing message!</div>
  </template>
</turbo-stream>

change the value of the action attributeWhen we click on Post any message button, the message that appear below that button will get replaced with the message that is mentioned in the app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template

click on Post any message button

Stimulus

There are some cases in an application where JS is needed, therefore to cover those scenarios we require Hotwire JS tool. Hotwire has a JS tool because in some scenarios Turbo-* tools are not sufficient. But as we know that Hotwire is used to reduce the usage of JS in an application, Stimulus considers HTML as the single source of truth. Consider the case where we have to give elements on a page some JavaScript attributes, such as data controller, data-action, and data target. For that, a stimulus controller that can access elements and receive events based on those characteristics will be created.

Make a change in app/views/other/index.html.erb template file in rails application

#CODE

<h1>This is Another page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>

<div style="margin-top: 2rem;">
  <%= form_with scope: :any, url: post_something_path do |form| %>
      <%= form.submit 'Post something' %>
  <% end %>
  <turbo-frame id="messages">
    <div>An empty message</div>
  </turbo-frame>
</div>

<div style="margin-top: 2rem;">
  <h2>Stimulus</h2>  
  <div data-controller="hello">
    <input data-hello-target="name" type="text">
    <button data-action="click->hello#greet">
      Greet
    </button>
    <span data-hello-target="output">
    </span>
  </div>
</div>

Make A changeMake changes in the hello_controller.js in path app/JavaScript/controllers and add a stimulus controller in the file, which helps to bring the HTML into life.

#CODE

import { Controller } from "@hotwired/stimulus"

export default class extends Controller {
  static targets = [ "name", "output" ]

  greet() {
    this.outputTarget.textContent =
      `Hello, ${this.nameTarget.value}!`
  }
}

add a stimulus controller in the fileGo to your browser after making the changes in the code and click on Enter to other page link which will navigate to the localhost:3000/other/index page there you can see the changes implemented by the stimulus controller that is designed to augment your HTML with just enough behavior to make it more responsive.

With just a little bit of work, Turbo and Stimulus together offer a complete answer for applications that are quick and compelling.

Using Rails 7 Hotwire helps to load the pages at a faster speed and allows you to render templates on the server, where you have access to your whole domain model. It is a productive development experience in ROR, without compromising any of the speed or responsiveness associated with SPA.

Conclusion

We hope you were satisfied with our Rails Hotwire tutorial. Write to us at service@bacancy.com for any query that you want to resolve, or if you want us to share a tutorial on your query.

For more such solutions on RoR, check out our Ruby on Rails Tutorials. We will always strive to amaze you and cater to your needs.

Original article source at: https://www.bacancytechnology.com/

#rails #ruby 

Myriam  Rogahn

Myriam Rogahn

1599633600

GitHub Arctic Code Vault: Overview

Are you an Arctic Code Vault Contributor or have seen someone posting about it and don’t know what it is. So let’s take a look at what is an Arctic Code Vault Contributor and who are the ones who gets this batch.

GitHub, the world’s largest open-source platform for software and programs has safely locked the data of huge value and magnitude in a coal mine in Longyearbyen’s Norwegian town in the Arctic region.

Back in November 2019, GitHub Arctic Code Vault was first announced.

The GitHub Arctic Code Vault is a data repository preserved in the Arctic

World Archive (AWA), a very-long-term archival facility 250 meters deep in the permafrost of an Arctic mountain. The archive is located in a decommissioned coal mine in the Svalbard archipelago, closer to the North Pole than the Arctic Circle.

Last year, GitHub said that it plans to capture a snapshot of every active

public repository on 02/02/2020 and preserve that data in the Arctic

Code Vault.

The project began on February 2, when the firm took a snapshot of all of

GitHub’s active public repositories to store them in the vault. They initially intended to travel to Norway and personally escort the world’s open-source technology to the Arctic but their plans were derailed by the global pandemic. Then, they had to wait until 8 Julyfor the Arctic Data Vault data to be deposited.

GitHub announced that the code was successfully deposited in the Arctic Code Vault on July 8, 2020. Over the past several months, GitHub worked

with its archive partners Piql to write the 21TB of GitHub repository data to 186 reels of piqlFilm (digital photosensitive archival film).

GitHub’s strategic software director, Julia Metcalf, has written a blog post

on the company’s website notifying the completion of GitHub’s Archive Program on July 8th. Discussing the objective of the Archive Program, Metcalf wrote “Our mission is to preserve open-source software for future generations by storing your code in an archive built to last a thousand years.”

The Arctic Code Vault is only a small part of the wider GitHub Archive

Program, however, which sees the company partner with the Long Now

Foundation, Internet Archive, Software Heritage Foundation, Microsoft

Research and others.

How the cold storage will last 1,000 years?

Svalbard has been regulated by the international Svalbard Treaty as a demilitarized zone. Home to the world’s northernmost town, it is one of the most remote and geopolitically stable human habitations on Earth.

The AWA is a joint initiative between Norwegian state-owned mining company Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani (SNSK) and very-long-term digital preservation provider Piql AS. AWA is devoted to archival storage in perpetuity. The film reels will be stored in a steel-walled container inside a sealed chamber within a decommissioned coal mine on the remote archipelago of Svalbard. The AWA already preserves historical and cultural data from Italy, Brazil, Norway, the Vatican, and many others.

What’s in the 02/02/2020 snapshot?

The 02/02/2020 snapshot archived in the GitHub Arctic Code Vault will

sweep up every active public GitHub repository, in addition to significant dormant repos.

The snapshot will include every repo with any commits between the announcement at GitHub Universe on November 13th and 02/02/2020,

every repo with at least 1 star and any commits from the year before the snapshot (02/03/2019 – 02/02/2020), and every repo with at least 250 stars.

The snapshot will consist of the HEAD of the default branch of each repository, minus any binaries larger than 100KB in size—depending on available space, repos with more stars may retain binaries. Each repository will be packaged as a single TAR file. For greater data density and integrity, most of the data will be stored QR-encoded and compressed. A human-readable index and guide will itemize the location of each repository and explain how to recover the data.

The company further shared that every reel of the archive includes a copy

of the “Guide to the GitHub Code Vault” in five languages, written with input from GitHub’s community and available at the Archive Program’s own GitHub repository.

#github #open-source #coding #open-source-contribution #contributing-to-open-source #github-arctic-code-vault #arctic-code-vault #arctic-code-vault-contributor

Tyrique  Littel

Tyrique Littel

1604008800

Static Code Analysis: What It Is? How to Use It?

Static code analysis refers to the technique of approximating the runtime behavior of a program. In other words, it is the process of predicting the output of a program without actually executing it.

Lately, however, the term “Static Code Analysis” is more commonly used to refer to one of the applications of this technique rather than the technique itself — program comprehension — understanding the program and detecting issues in it (anything from syntax errors to type mismatches, performance hogs likely bugs, security loopholes, etc.). This is the usage we’d be referring to throughout this post.

“The refinement of techniques for the prompt discovery of error serves as well as any other as a hallmark of what we mean by science.”

  • J. Robert Oppenheimer

Outline

We cover a lot of ground in this post. The aim is to build an understanding of static code analysis and to equip you with the basic theory, and the right tools so that you can write analyzers on your own.

We start our journey with laying down the essential parts of the pipeline which a compiler follows to understand what a piece of code does. We learn where to tap points in this pipeline to plug in our analyzers and extract meaningful information. In the latter half, we get our feet wet, and write four such static analyzers, completely from scratch, in Python.

Note that although the ideas here are discussed in light of Python, static code analyzers across all programming languages are carved out along similar lines. We chose Python because of the availability of an easy to use ast module, and wide adoption of the language itself.

How does it all work?

Before a computer can finally “understand” and execute a piece of code, it goes through a series of complicated transformations:

static analysis workflow

As you can see in the diagram (go ahead, zoom it!), the static analyzers feed on the output of these stages. To be able to better understand the static analysis techniques, let’s look at each of these steps in some more detail:

Scanning

The first thing that a compiler does when trying to understand a piece of code is to break it down into smaller chunks, also known as tokens. Tokens are akin to what words are in a language.

A token might consist of either a single character, like (, or literals (like integers, strings, e.g., 7Bob, etc.), or reserved keywords of that language (e.g, def in Python). Characters which do not contribute towards the semantics of a program, like trailing whitespace, comments, etc. are often discarded by the scanner.

Python provides the tokenize module in its standard library to let you play around with tokens:

Python

1

import io

2

import tokenize

3

4

code = b"color = input('Enter your favourite color: ')"

5

6

for token in tokenize.tokenize(io.BytesIO(code).readline):

7

    print(token)

Python

1

TokenInfo(type=62 (ENCODING),  string='utf-8')

2

TokenInfo(type=1  (NAME),      string='color')

3

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string='=')

4

TokenInfo(type=1  (NAME),      string='input')

5

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string='(')

6

TokenInfo(type=3  (STRING),    string="'Enter your favourite color: '")

7

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string=')')

8

TokenInfo(type=4  (NEWLINE),   string='')

9

TokenInfo(type=0  (ENDMARKER), string='')

(Note that for the sake of readability, I’ve omitted a few columns from the result above — metadata like starting index, ending index, a copy of the line on which a token occurs, etc.)

#code quality #code review #static analysis #static code analysis #code analysis #static analysis tools #code review tips #static code analyzer #static code analysis tool #static analyzer

Tamia  Walter

Tamia Walter

1625645672

GitHub Previews Copilot, an OpenAI-Powered Coding Assistant

GitHub recently announced Copilot, an AI-powered pair programmer designed to help developers write code faster and with less effort. The service learns from comments and existing code, suggesting new lines and the implementation of whole functions.

Powered by Codex, the AI system created by OpenAI, Copilot works with different frameworks and languages. Nat Friedman, CEO of GitHub, suggests that the technical preview works better with Python, JavaScript, TypeScript, Ruby, and Go, but it is designed to understand other programming languages too.

A GitHub Copilot implementation of a sortByKey function in Python.

The Visual Studio Code sends comments and code typed by the developer to the GitHub Copilot service, which synthesizes and suggests the implementation. According to GitHub, the service is optimized for small functions with meaningful names for parameters, as for the sortByKey example above:

We recently benchmarked against a set of Python functions that have good test coverage in open source repos. We blanked out the function bodies and asked GitHub Copilot to fill them in. The model got this right 43% of the time on the first try, and 57% of the time when allowed 10 attempts. And it is getting smarter all the time.

#github #ai #artificial-intelligence