Saving Data in JavaScript Without a Database🔥🔥🔥

Saving Data in JavaScript Without a Database🔥🔥🔥

Saving Data in JavaScript Without a Database - You've just written a great piece of JavaScript. But when the running process stops, or the user refreshes, all of that nice data disappears into the ether...👏👏👏

Saving Data in JavaScript Without a Database - You've just written a great piece of JavaScript. But when the running process stops, or the user refreshes, all of that nice data disappears into the ether..

Is this you?

When prototyping, or otherwise working on tiny projects, it can be helpful to manage some state without resorting to a database solution that wasn't designed for that creative itch you're trying to scratch.

We're going to explore some options that I wish I knew about when I started tinkering on the web. We'll look at JavaScript in the browser and Node.js on the back end. We'll also look at some lightweight databases that use the local file system.

Node.js

First up is JSON serializing your data and saving it to disk. The MDN Docs have a great article if you haven't worked with JSON before.

const fs = require('fs');

const users = {
    'Bob': {
        age: 25,
        language: 'Python'
    },
    'Alice': {
        age: 36,
        language: 'Haskell'
    }
}

fs.writeFile('users.json', JSON.stringify(users), (err) => {  
    // Catch this!
    if (err) throw err;

    console.log('Users saved!');
});

We created our users object, converted it to JSON with JSON#stringify and called fs#writeFile. We passed in a filename, our serialized data, and an arrow function as a callback to execute when the write operation finishes. Your program will continue executing code in the meanwhile.

You can also use this method to write normal serialized data by passing in anything that can be cast to a string. If you're storing text data, you may find fs#appendFile useful. It uses an almost identical API but sends the data to the end of the file, keeping the existing contents.

There is a synchronous option, fs#writeFileSync but it isn't recommended as your program will be unresponsive until the write operation finishes. In JavaScript, you should aim to Never Block.

If you're dealing with CSV files, reach for the battle-hardened node-csvproject.

Lightweight databases

SQLite uses a local file as a database — and is one of my favorite pieces of software in the world. It enables many of my smaller projects to exist with low maintenance and little deploying hassle.

Here are some facts about SQLite:

  • The project has 711 times as much test code and test scripts compared to other code.
  • The developers pledge to keep it backward compatible through at least the year 2050.
  • It's used on planes, in Android, and you probably interacted with it in some way on your way to this article today.

Seriously, How SQLite Is Tested is a wild ride.

In Node.js, we commonly use the sqlite3 npm package. I'll be using some code from Glitch's hello-sqlite template, which you can play around with and remix without an account.

// hello-sqlite
var fs = require('fs');
var dbFile = './.data/sqlite.db'; // Our database file
var exists = fs.existsSync(dbFile); // Sync is okay since we're booting up
var sqlite3 = require('sqlite3').verbose(); // For long stack traces
var db = new sqlite3.Database(dbFile);

Through this db object, we can interact with our local database like we would through a connection to an outside database.

We can create tables.

db.run('CREATE TABLE Dreams (dream TEXT)');

Insert data (with error handling).

db.run('INSERT INTO Dreams (dream) VALUES (?)', ['Well tested code'], function(err) {
  if (err) {
    console.error(err);
  } else {
    console.log('Dream saved!');
    }
});

Select that data back.

db.all('SELECT * from Dreams', function(err, rows) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(rows));
});

You may want to consider serializing some of your database queries. Each command inside the serialize() function is guaranteed to finish executing before the next one starts. The sqlite3 documentation is expansive. Keep an eye on the SQLite Data Types as they can be a little different to other databases.

If even SQLite seems like too much overhead for your project, consider lowdb (also remixable on Glitch). lowdb is exciting because it's a small local JSON database powered by Lodash (supports Node, Electron and the browser). Not only does it work as a wrapper for JSON files on the back end it also provides an API which wraps localStorage in the browser.

From their examples:

import low from 'lowdb'
import LocalStorage from 'lowdb/adapters/LocalStorage'

const adapter = new LocalStorage('db')
const db = low(adapter)

db.defaults({ posts: [] })
  .write()

// Data is automatically saved to localStorage
db.get('posts')
  .push({ title: 'lowdb' })
  .write()

Browser

This brings us to the front end. window#localStorage is the modern solution to storing data in HTTP cookies — which MDN doesn't recommend for storing things anymore.

Let's interact with them right now. If you're on desktop, open your dev console (F12 on Chrome) and see what DEV is storing for you:

for (const thing in localStorage) {
  console.log(thing, localStorage.getItem(thing))
}

// Example of one thing:
// pusherTransportTLS {"timestamp":1559581571665,"transport":"ws","latency":543}

We saw how lowdb interacted with localStorage but for our small projects it's probably easier to talk to the API directly. Like this:

// As a script, or in console
localStorage.setItem('Author', 'Andrew') // returns undefined
localStorage.getItem('Author') // returns "Andrew"
localStorage.getItem('Unset key') // returns null

It gets easier still: you can treat it like an object. Although, MDN recommends the API over this shortcut.

console.log(localStorage['Author']); // prints "Andrew"

If you don't want to store data on the user's computer forever (which can be cleared with localStorage.clear() but don't run this on DEV) you may be interested in sessionStorage which has a near identical API and only stores data while the user is on the page.

End notes

I read somewhere that SQLite is used onboard the Internation Space Station in some capacity but I haven't been able to find a source. My fiancée wants you to know that SQLite is a database and the title of this post is incorrect.

JavaScript Tutorial: if-else Statement in JavaScript

JavaScript Tutorial: if-else Statement in JavaScript

This JavaScript tutorial is a step by step guide on JavaScript If Else Statements. Learn how to use If Else in javascript and also JavaScript If Else Statements. if-else Statement in JavaScript. JavaScript's conditional statements: if; if-else; nested-if; if-else-if. These statements allow you to control the flow of your program's execution based upon conditions known only during run time.

Decision Making in programming is similar to decision making in real life. In programming also we face some situations where we want a certain block of code to be executed when some condition is fulfilled.
A programming language uses control statements to control the flow of execution of the program based on certain conditions. These are used to cause the flow of execution to advance and branch based on changes to the state of a program.

JavaScript’s conditional statements:

  • if
  • if-else
  • nested-if
  • if-else-if

These statements allow you to control the flow of your program’s execution based upon conditions known only during run time.

  • if: if statement is the most simple decision making statement. It is used to decide whether a certain statement or block of statements will be executed or not i.e if a certain condition is true then a block of statement is executed otherwise not.
    Syntax:
if(condition) 
{
   // Statements to execute if
   // condition is true
}

Here, condition after evaluation will be either true or false. if statement accepts boolean values – if the value is true then it will execute the block of statements under it.
If we do not provide the curly braces ‘{‘ and ‘}’ after if( condition ) then by default if statement will consider the immediate one statement to be inside its block. For example,

if(condition)
   statement1;
   statement2;

// Here if the condition is true, if block 
// will consider only statement1 to be inside 
// its block.

Flow chart:

Example:

<script type = "text/javaScript"> 

// JavaScript program to illustrate If statement 

var i = 10; 

if (i > 15) 
document.write("10 is less than 15"); 

// This statement will be executed 
// as if considers one statement by default 
document.write("I am Not in if"); 

< /script> 

Output:

I am Not in if
  • if-else: The if statement alone tells us that if a condition is true it will execute a block of statements and if the condition is false it won’t. But what if we want to do something else if the condition is false. Here comes the else statement. We can use the else statement with if statement to execute a block of code when the condition is false.
    Syntax:
if (condition)
{
    // Executes this block if
    // condition is true
}
else
{
    // Executes this block if
    // condition is false
}


Example:

<script type = "text/javaScript"> 

// JavaScript program to illustrate If-else statement 

var i = 10; 

if (i < 15) 
document.write("10 is less than 15"); 
else
document.write("I am Not in if"); 

< /script> 

Output:

i is smaller than 15
  • nested-if A nested if is an if statement that is the target of another if or else. Nested if statements means an if statement inside an if statement. Yes, JavaScript allows us to nest if statements within if statements. i.e, we can place an if statement inside another if statement.
    Syntax:
if (condition1) 
{
   // Executes when condition1 is true
   if (condition2) 
   {
      // Executes when condition2 is true
   }
}

Example:

<script type = "text/javaScript"> 

// JavaScript program to illustrate nested-if statement 

var i = 10; 

if (i == 10) { 

// First if statement 
if (i < 15) 
	document.write("i is smaller than 15"); 

// Nested - if statement 
// Will only be executed if statement above 
// it is true 
if (i < 12) 
	document.write("i is smaller than 12 too"); 
else
	document.write("i is greater than 15"); 
} 
< /script> 

Output:

i is smaller than 15
i is smaller than 12 too
  • if-else-if ladder Here, a user can decide among multiple options.The if statements are executed from the top down. As soon as one of the conditions controlling the if is true, the statement associated with that if is executed, and the rest of the ladder is bypassed. If none of the conditions is true, then the final else statement will be executed.
if (condition)
    statement;
else if (condition)
    statement;
.
.
else
    statement;


Example:

<script type = "text/javaScript"> 
// JavaScript program to illustrate nested-if statement 

var i = 20; 

if (i == 10) 
document.wrte("i is 10"); 
else if (i == 15) 
document.wrte("i is 15"); 
else if (i == 20) 
document.wrte("i is 20"); 
else
document.wrte("i is not present"); 
< /script> 

Output:

i is 20

How to Retrieve full Profile of LinkedIn User using Javascript

How to Retrieve full Profile of LinkedIn User using Javascript

I am trying to retrieve the full profile (especially job history and educational qualifications) of a linkedin user via the Javascript (Fetch LinkedIn Data Using JavaScript)

Here we are fetching LinkedIn data like Username, Email and other fields using JavaScript SDK.

Here we have 2 workarounds.

  1. Configuration of linkedIn developer api
  2. Javascript Code to fetch records

Configuration of linkedIn developer api

In order to fetch records, first we need to create developer api in linkedin which will act as token/identity while fetching data from other linkedin accounts.

So to create api, navigate to https://linkedin.com/developer/apps and click on 'Create Application'.

After navigating, fill in details like name, description and other required fields and then submit.

As we submit, it will create Client ID and Client Secret shown below, which we will be using in our code while communicating to fetch records from other LinkedIn account.

Note: We need to provide localhost Url here under Oauth 2.0. I am using my localhost, but you can probably use other production URLs under Oauth 2.0 where your app is configured. It will make your api  consider the Url as trusted which fetching records.

Javascript Code to fetch records

For getting user details like first name, last name,User image can be written as,

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://platform.linkedin.com/in.js">  
    api_key: XXXXXXX //Client ID  
    onLoad: OnLinkedInFrameworkLoad //Method that will be called on page load  
    authorize: true  
</script>  
<script type="text/javascript">  
    function OnLinkedInFrameworkLoad() {  
        IN.Event.on(IN, "auth", OnLinkedInAuth);  
    }  
  
    function OnLinkedInAuth() {  
        IN.API.Profile("me").result(ShowProfileData);  
    }  
  
    function ShowProfileData(profiles) {  
        var member = profiles.values[0];  
        var id = member.id;  
        var firstName = member.firstName;  
        var lastName = member.lastName;  
        var photo = member.pictureUrl;  
        var headline = member.headline;  
        //use information captured above  
        var stringToBind = "<p>First Name: " + firstName + " <p/><p> Last Name: " + lastName + "<p/><p>User ID: " + id + " and Head Line Provided: " + headline + "<p/>"  
        document.getElementById('profiles').innerHTML = stringToBind;  
    }  
</script>    

Kindly note we need to include 'https://platform.linkedin.com/in.js' as src under script type as it will act on this Javascript SDK provided by Linkedin.

In the same way we can also fetch records of any organization with the companyid as keyword.

<head>  
    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://platform.linkedin.com/in.js">  
        api_key: XXXXXXX ////Client ID  
        onLoad: onLinkedInLoad  
        authorize: true  
    </script>  
</head>  
  
<body>  
    <div id="displayUpdates"></div>  
    <script type="text/javascript">  
        function onLinkedInLoad() {  
            IN.Event.on(IN, "auth", onLinkedInAuth);  
            console.log("On auth");  
        }  
  
        function onLinkedInAuth() {  
            var cpnyID = XXXXX; //the Company ID for which we want updates  
            IN.API.Raw("/companies/" + cpnyID + "/updates?event-type=status-update&start=0&count=10&format=json").result(displayCompanyUpdates);  
            console.log("After auth");  
        }  
  
        function displayCompanyUpdates(result) {  
            var div = document.getElementById("displayUpdates");  
            var el = "<ul>";  
            var resValues = result.values;  
            for (var i in resValues) {  
                var share = resValues[i].updateContent.companyStatusUpdate.share;  
                var isContent = share.content;  
                var isTitled = isContent,  
                    isLinked = isContent,  
                    isDescription = isContent,  
                    isThumbnail = isContent,  
                    isComment = isContent;  
                if (isTitled) {  
                    var title = isContent.title;  
                } else {  
                    var title = "News headline";  
                }  
                var comment = share.comment;  
                if (isLinked) {  
                    var link = isContent.shortenedUrl;  
                } else {  
                    var link = "#";  
                }  
                if (isDescription) {  
                    var description = isContent.description;  
                } else {  
                    var description = "No description";  
                }  
                /* 
                if (isThumbnailz) { 
                var thumbnailUrl = isContent.thumbnailUrl; 
                } else { 
                var thumbnailUrl = "http://placehold.it/60x60"; 
                } 
                */  
                if (share) {  
                    var content = "<a target='_blank' href=" + link + ">" + comment + "</a><br>";  
                    //el += "<li><img src='" + thumbnailUrl + "' alt=''>" + content + "</li>";  
                    el += "<li><div>" + content + "</div></li>";  
                }  
                console.log(share);  
            }  
            el += "</ul>";  
            document.getElementById("displayUpdates").innerHTML = el;  
        }  
    </script>  
</body>  

We can get multiple metadata while fetching records for any any organization. We can get company updates as shown below.

Conclusion

We can also fetch any company specific data like company job updates/post, total likes, comments, and number of views along with a lot of metadata we can fetch which I have shown below.

Thank you for reading !

7 Best Javascript Iframe Libraries

7 Best Javascript Iframe Libraries

Iframes let you build user experiences into embeddable ‘cross-domain components’, which let users interact with other sites without being redirected. I have compiled 7 best Javascript iframe libraries.

Iframes let you build user experiences into embeddable ‘cross-domain components’, which let users interact with other sites without being redirected. I have compiled 7 best Javascript iframe libraries.

1. Zoid

A cross-domain component toolkit, supporting:

  • Render an iframe or popup on a different domain, and pass down props, including objects and functions
  • Call callbacks natively from the child window without worrying about post-messaging or cross-domain restrictions
  • Create and expose components to share functionality from your site to others!
  • Render your component directly as a React, Vue or Angular component!
    It's 'data-down, actions up' style components, but 100% cross-domain using iframes and popups!

Download


2. Postmate

Postmate is a promise-based API built on postMessage. It allows a parent page to speak with a child iFrame across origins with minimal effort.

Download


3. Iframe Resizer

Keep same and cross domain iFrames sized to their content with support for window/content resizing, in page links, nesting and multiple iFrames

Demo

Download


4. Iframely

Embed proxy. Supports over 1800 domains via custom parsers, oEmbed, Twitter Cards and Open Graph

Demo

Download


5. React Frame component

This component allows you to encapsulate your entire React application or per component in an iFrame.

Demo

Download


6. Seamless.js

A seamless iframe makes it so that visitors are unable to distinguish between content within the iframe and content beside the iframe. Seamless.js is a JavaScript library (with no dependencies) that makes working with iframes easy by doing all the seamless stuff for you automatically.

Demo

Download


7. Porthole

A proxy to safely communicate to cross-domain iframes in javascript

Demo

Download


Thank for read!