Flutter Dev

Flutter Dev

1629883317

Build Win32 apps with Dart

A package that wraps some of the most common Win32 API calls using FFI to make them accessible to Dart code without requiring a C compiler or the Windows SDK.

In addition to exposing the APIs themselves, this package offers a variety of instructive examples for more complex FFI usage scenarios.

By design, this package provides minimal modifications to the Win32 API to support Dart idioms. The goal is to provide high familiarity to an existing Win32 developer. Other Dart packages may build on these primitives to provide a friendly API for Dart and Flutter developers. A good example of that is filepicker_windows, which offers a common item dialog suitable for incorporation into an existing Flutter app.

Usage #

This package lets you write apps that use the Windows API directly from Dart, by wrapping common Win32, COM and Windows Runtime APIs using Dart FFI.

You could use it to call a Win32 API like EnumFontFamiliesEx to enumerate all locally-installed fonts:

Fonts screenshot

or access system information that is not exposed directly by the Dart framework libraries:

System information screenshot

You could use it to build a Windows app with Flutter that relies on Win32 APIs:

Disk explorer screenshot

You could even use it to build a traditional Win32 app, written purely in Dart, that could have come straight out of a classic Charles Petzold book on programming Windows apps:

Dart notepad screenshot

or even, perhaps, a fully-fledged game using GDI:

Dart Tetris for Win32 screenshot

You might even build a package that depends upon it, like dart_console, which enables advanced console manipulation:

Dart console ANSI color demo screenshot

or filepicker_windows, which provides a modern Windows file picker for Flutter:

Windows file picker screenshot

Getting started

Many more samples can be found in the example\ subdirectory, along with a test suite in the test\ subdirectory that shows other API calls.

A good starting point is hello.dart. This example demonstrates creating a Win32 window and responding to common messages such as WM_PAINT through a WindowProc callback function.

To run it, type:

dart example\hello.dart

This should display a window with a text message.

This can be compiled into a standalone Win32 executable by running:

dart compile exe example\hello.dart -o example\bin\hello.exe

For more information on working with the Win32 library from Dart, consult the documentation, in particular the sections on string manipulation and COM objects.

Samples

Dart samples

The package includes a number of examples in the example subdirectory. These examples use the Win32 API for all UI display and do not require Flutter.

ExampleDescription
hello.dartBasic Petzoldian "hello world" Win32 app
bluetooth.dartDemonstrate enumerating Bluetooth devices
calendar.dartGets information about the calendar from a WinRT API
console.dartShows usage of console APIs
credentials.dartAdds a credential to the store and retrieves it
customwin.dartDisplays a non-rectangular window
devices.dartUses volume management APIs to list all disk devices
dialog.dartCreate a custom dialog box in code
dialogshow.dartCreates a common item dialog (file picker) using COM
diskinfo.dartUse DeviceIoControl() for direct device operations
dump.dartUse debugger libraries to print DLL exported functions
dynamic_load.dartDemonstrate loading a DLL and calling it at runtime
filever.dartGetting file version information from the file resource
guid.dartCreates a globally unique identifier (GUID)
idispatch.dartDemonstrates calling a method using IDispatch
knownfolder.dartRetrieves known folders from the current user profile
manifest\Demonstrates the use of app manifests for compiled apps
midi.dartDemonstrates MIDI playback using MCI commands
modules.dartEnumerates all loaded modules on the current system
monitor.dartUses DDC and monitor-config API to get monitor caps
msgbox.dartDemonstrates a MessageBox from the console
notepad\Lightweight replica of the Windows notepad applet
paint.dartDemonstrates simple GDI drawing and min/max window sizing
pipe.dartShows use of named pipes for interprocess communication
play_sound.dartPlays a WAV file through the Windows PlaySound API
printer_list.dartEnumerate available printers on the Windows system
registry.dartDemonstrates querying the registry for values
screenshot.dartTakes a screenshot of the current desktop
scroll.dartExample of horizontal and vertical scrolling text window
sendinput.dartSends keyboard and mouse input to another window
serial.dartDemonstrates serial port management
shortcut.dartDemonstrates creating a Windows shell link
snake.dartSnake game using various GDI features
sysinfo.dartExamples of getting device information from native C APIs
taskdialog.dartDemonstrates using modern task dialog boxes
tetris\main.dartPort of an open-source Tetris game to Dart
vt.dartShows virtual terminal sequences
wallpaper.dartShows what wallpaper and background color are set
window.dartEnumerates open windows and basic window manipulation
winmd.dartInterrogate Windows Runtime types
wmi.dartUsing WMI from COM to retrieve device/OS information

Flutter samples

The explorer\ subdirectory contains an example of a simple Flutter app that uses the volume management Win32 APIs to find the disk drives connected to your computer and their volume IDs and attached paths.

Requirements

This package assumes the Dart 64-bit compiler, running on Windows. Many commands are tested on 32-bit Windows, but due to the lack of a compiler for 32-bit executables and the increasing lack of machines running 32-bit OSes, this is inevitably a low priority. The package is also tested on Windows-on-ARM architecture, running in x64 emulation mode.

Features and bugs

The current package only projects a subset of the Win32 API, but new APIs will be added based on user demand. I'm particularly interested in unblocking plugins for Windows. Please file feature requests and bugs at the issue tracker.

Backwards compatibility

The library version uses semver, but you should not assume a strict guarantee of no breaking changes between minor versions. That guarantee is not possible to make, for several reasons:

  • Several times, my fixing a bug in the fidelity of the Win32 API has tightened the constraints over a parameter (for example, Pointer becomes Pointer<INPUT>). These changes should be signalled in the log.
  • Adding new features may itself cause a breaking change. For example, if you declare a missing Windows constant in your own code that is then added, Dart will complain about the duplicate definition.

One solution is to pin to a specific version of Win32, or declare a more tightly-bounded version dependency (e.g. '>=1.7.0 <1.8.0' rather than merely ^1.7.0). But the best approach is simply to test regularly with the latest version of this package, and continue to move your minimum forward. As the package matures, these issues should gradually fade away.

Acknowledgements

The Tetris example listed above is a fuller worked example of a reasonably complete program that uses the Dart Win32 package. It is a port of a C version of the game by Chang-Hung Liang. More information...

The C implementation of Snake is by David Jones, and is ported with his permission.

The original C version of the Notepad example was authored by Charles Petzold, and is kindly licensed by him without restriction.

The summary Win32 API documentation comments are licensed by Microsoft under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License.

Use this package as a library

Depend on it

Run this command:

With Dart:

 $ dart pub add win32

With Flutter:

 $ flutter pub add win32

This will add a line like this to your package's pubspec.yaml (and run an implicit dart pub get):


dependencies:
  win32: ^2.2.6

Alternatively, your editor might support dart pub get or flutter pub get. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

import 'package:win32/win32.dart';

example/main.dart

// Trivial example showing Win32 common dialog box invocation.

// More sophisticated examples can be found in the `example\` subdirectory
// of this package.

import 'dart:ffi';

import 'package:ffi/ffi.dart';
import 'package:win32/win32.dart';

// Convert from Win32 0x00BBGGRR color layout to a user-friendly string
String toHexColor(int color) => '0x'
    '${GetRValue(color).toRadixString(16).padLeft(2, '0')}'
    '${GetGValue(color).toRadixString(16).padLeft(2, '0')}'
    '${GetBValue(color).toRadixString(16).padLeft(2, '0')}';

void main() {
  // Allocates memory on the native heap for the struct that will be used to
  // configure the dialog box and return values
  final cc = calloc<CHOOSECOLOR>()..ref.lStructSize = sizeOf<CHOOSECOLOR>();
  final custColors = calloc<Uint32>(16);

  // Default color is mid-gray
  cc.ref.rgbResult = RGB(0x80, 0x80, 0x80);

  // Set custom colors to a palette of blues and purples
  // elementAt(x).value dereferences the pointer at addr+x
  for (var i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
    custColors.elementAt(i).value = RGB(i * 16, 0x80, 0xFF);
  }
  cc.ref.lpCustColors = custColors;

  // Set dialog flags:
  //   CC_RGBINIT: use rgbResult for the dialog default value
  //   CC_FULLOPEN: automatically open custom colors section of dialog
  cc.ref.Flags = CC_RGBINIT | CC_FULLOPEN;

  // Call the Win32 API to show dialog, passing pointer to the config struct
  ChooseColor(cc);

  // Print the value returned from the dialog box
  print('Color chosen: ${toHexColor(cc.ref.rgbResult)}');

  // Free the memory allocated on the native heap
  free(custColors);
  free(cc);
}

Download Details: 

Author: timsneath

Download The Source Code : https://github.com/timsneath/win32/archive/refs/heads/main.zip 

GITHUB : https://github.com/timsneath/win32 
 

 

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

Build Win32 apps with Dart
Bulah  Pfeffer

Bulah Pfeffer

1648873833

A Collection of Flutter and Dart Tips and Tricks

Table of Contents

  • LazyStream in Flutter and Dart
  • Cancelable APIs in Flutter
  • Asset Data in Flutter
  • API Caching in Flutter
  • FutureGroup in Dart
  • Flatten Iterable<bool> in Dart
  • Caching Temp Files in Flutter
  • Custom Lists in Dart
  • Optional Chaining in Dart
  • MapList in Flutter
  • Future<bool> in Flutter
  • Async Bloc Init in Flutter
  • Firebase Auth Errors in Flutter
  • Debug Strings in Flutter
  • Keyboard Appearance in Flutter
  • Get String Data in Dart
  • Stream.startWith in Flutter
  • Optional Functions in Dart
  • AnnotatedRegion in Flutter
  • Unordered Map Equality in Dart
  • Iterable to ListView in Flutter
  • Password Mask in Flutter
  • Fast Object.toString() in Dart
  • Copying Bloc State in Flutter
  • Iterable Subscripts in Dart
  • useState in Flutter Hooks
  • Folding Iterables in Dart
  • Custom Iterables in Dart
  • Class Clusters in Dart
  • Iterable +/- in Dart
  • Periodic Streams in Dart
  • EmptyOnError in Dart
  • Stream<T> Initial Value in Flutter
  • Double.normalize in Dart
  • Hide Sensitive Information in Flutter
  • Iterable.compactMap in Dart
  • useEffect in Flutter Hooks
  • Merging Streams in Dart
  • Isolate Stream in Dart
  • Network Image Retry in Flutter
  • Reusable APIs in Flutter
  • ListTile Shadow in Flutter
  • Transparent AppBar in Flutter
  • Constructors on Abstract Classes in Dart
  • @useResult in Dart
  • @mustCallSuper in Dart
  • Object.hash in Dart
  • Expanded Equally in Flutter
  • Random Iterable Value in Dart
  • Hardcoded Strings in Flutter
  • Manually Scroll in List View in Flutter
  • AsyncSnapshot to Widget in Flutter
  • Breadcrumbs in Flutter
  • Unique Map Values in Dart
  • Smart Quotes/Dashes in Flutter
  • Haptic Feedback in Flutter
  • Localization Delegates in Flutter
  • Extending Functions in Dart
  • Paginated ListView in Flutter
  • Immutable Classes in Dart
  • Card Widget in Flutter
  • List Equality Ignoring Ordering in Dart
  • Shorten GitHub URLs in Dart
  • Time Picker in Flutter
  • Throttled Print in Flutter
  • Map Equality in Dart
  • Unique Maps in Dart
  • Raw Auto Complete in Flutter
  • Title on Object in Dart
  • Compute in Flutter
  • Filter on Map in Dart
  • Type Alias in Dart
  • ValueNotifier in Flutter
  • Object to Integer in Dart
  • Image Opacity in Flutter
  • Covariant in Dart
  • Custom Errors in Streams in Dart
  • Shake Animation in Flutter
  • Throw Enums in Dart
  • Future Error Test in Flutter
  • Generic URL Retrieval in Dart
  • Custom Error Widget in Flutter
  • Handle Multiple Future Errors in Dart
  • Future Error Handling in Dart
  • String to Toast in Flutter
  • Waiting in Dart
  • Loading Dialog in Flutter
  • Compact Map on Map<K,V> in Dart
  • Query Parameters in Dart
  • Multiple Gradients in Container in Flutter
  • Filter on Stream<List<T>> in Dart
  • Generic Route Arguments in Flutter
  • Generic Dialog in Flutter
  • GitHub API in Flutter
  • ChangeNotifier in Flutter
  • Refresh Indicator in Flutter
  • FlatMap in Dart
  • OrientationBuilder in Flutter
  • Linear Gradient in Flutter
  • Bloc Text Editing Controller in Flutter
  • Blurred TabBar in Flutter
  • Play YouTube in Flutter
  • ListView Background in Flutter
  • Integer to Binary in Dart
  • Split String by Length in Dart
  • Image Tint in Flutter
  • SlideTransition in Flutter
  • Expansion Panels and Lists in Flutter
  • Complete CRUD App in Flutter
  • SQLite Storage in Flutter
  • Circular Progress with Percentage in Flutter
  • Opening URLs in Flutter
  • Commodore 64 Screen in Flutter
  • Animated Lists in Flutter
  • CheckboxListTile in Flutter
  • - Operator on String in Dart
  • Dart Progress for Future<T>
  • Move Widget Shadows with Animation
  • Gallery with Blurred Backgrounds in Flutter
  • Custom Path Clippers in Flutter
  • Frost Effect on Images in Flutter
  • Custom Clippers in Flutter
  • Check if Website is Up or Down in Dart
  • Section Titles on ListView in Flutter
  • Circular Progress in Flutter
  • Displaying Scroll Wheels in Flutter
  • Post Messages to Slack with Dart
  • Unwrap List<T?>? in Dart
  • Avoiding UI Jitters When Switching Widgets in Flutter
  • Detect Redirects in Dart
  • Proportional Constraints in Flutter
  • Displaying Cupertino Action Sheets in Flutter
  • Rotating List<T> in Dart
  • Displaying SnackBars in Flutter
  • Custom Tab Bar Using ToggleButtons in Flutter
  • Hashable Mixins in Dart
  • Flutter Tips and Tricks in Terminal
  • Searching List<List<T>> in Dart
  • Cloning Objects in Dart
  • Color Filters in Flutter
  • Flattening Lists in Dart
  • Managing Duplicates in List<T> in Dart
  • FlatMap and CompactMap in Dart
  • Equality of List<T> in Dart
  • Constants in Dart
  • Displaying Scrollable Bottom Sheets in Flutter
  • YouTube Ad Remover in Dart
  • Fade Between Widgets in Flutter
  • Sort Descriptors in Dart
  • User Sortable Columns and Tables in Flutter
  • Content-Length of List<Uri> in Dart
  • Recursive Dot Notation on Maps in Dart
  • Allow User Selection of Text in Flutter
  • Placing Constraints on Widgets in Flutter
  • Animating Position Changes in Flutter
  • Transitioning Between Widgets in Flutter
  • Doubly Linked Lists in Dart
  • Reordering Items Inside List Views in Flutter
  • Custom Stream Transformers in Dart
  • Expanding Stream Elements in Dart
  • Consume Streams for a Duration in Dart
  • Shortening URLs in Dart
  • LimitedBox Widget as ListView Items in Flutter
  • Generically Convert Anything to Int in Dart
  • Validating URL Certificates in Dart
  • Displaying Popup Menus in Flutter
  • Implementing Drag and Drop in Flutter
  • Dismissing List Items in Flutter
  • Animating Widgets with Ease in Flutter
  • Displaying Tool Tips in Flutter
  • Displaying Assorted Widgets Inside TableView in Flutter
  • Page Indicator with Page View in Flutter
  • Animating and Moving a Floating Action Button in Flutter
  • Fading Network Image Widget in Flutter
  • Transparent Alert Dialogs in Flutter
  • Network Image Size in Dart
  • Animated Icons in Flutter
  • Custom Scroll Views in Flutter
  • Parallax App Bar in Flutter
  • JSON HTTP Requests in Dart
  • URL Timeouts in Dart
  • Detecting URL File Types in Dart
  • Paginated Lists in Dart
  • Requesting DELETE on APIs in Dart
  • Animated Containers in Flutter
  • Hiding Widgets in Flutter
  • Simple Opacity Animation in Flutter
  • Vignette Widget in Flutter
  • Drop Down Button Configuration and Usage in Flutter
  • Expandable List Items in Flutter
  • Infinite Scrolling in Flutter
  • Infinite Arrays in Dart
  • Custom Color Picker Component in Flutter
  • Displaying and Reacting to Switches in Flutter
  • Displaying Bottom Bars in Flutter
  • Displaying Buttons on AppBar in Flutter
  • Displaying Bottom Sheets in Flutter
  • Converting Enums to Radio Buttons in Flutter
  • Check Existence of Websites in Flutter
  • Images inside AlertDialog in Flutter
  • Returning Values from AlertDialog in Flutter
  • Simple Grid View in Flutter
  • Rendering Bullet Points in Flutter
  • Retrying Futures in Flutter
  • Containers as ClipOvals in Flutter
  • Rich Texts in Flutter
  • Wrapping Widgets in Flutter
  • Sweep Gradients in Flutter
  • Stream and StreamBuilder in Flutter
  • Blur Effect in Flutter
  • Convert Enums to Strings in Dart
  • Replacing Text in TextField in Flutter
  • Aspect Ratio in Flutter
  • Zoom and Pan in Flutter
  • Resizing Images in Flutter to Fit Screen Height
  • Validating URLs in Flutter
  • FrameBuilder for Network Images in Flutter
  • Adding Shadow to Icons in Flutter
  • Calculating Median of Lists in Dart
  • Generic Functions with Reduce in Dart
  • Passing Back Data From a Screen to the Previous One in Flutter
  • Flinging an Animation in Flutter
  • Fade Animations in Flutter
  • Throttling User Input in Flutter
  • Censoring TextFields in Flutter
  • Customizing TextButton in Flutter
  • Multiline TextFields in Flutter
  • Filtering TextField Input in Flutter
  • Focusing Manually on TextFields in Flutter
  • Data Streams Over HTTP/HTTPs in Dart
  • Catching Nonexistent Accessors or Methods in Dart
  • Using Expando in Dart
  • Implementing Custom Maps in Dart
  • Dynamically Calling Functions in Dart
  • Factory Constructors in Dart
  • Calculating the Sum of List Items in Dart
  • Removing Duplicate Strings in Lists in Dart (Case-Insensitive)
  • Implementing Range in Dart
  • Converting Lists to Maps in Dart
  • Implementing Hashable in Dart
  • Random Name Generator in Dart
  • Capturing Stack Traces in Dart Exceptions
  • Removing Duplicates from Lists in Dart
  • Optional Spread Operator in Dart
  • Calling Optional Functions in Dart
  • Odd-Even Sort in Dart
  • Implementing Zip and Tuples in Dart
  • Swapping Values in Lists with XOR in Dart
  • Waiting for Multiple Futures in Dart
  • Using Queues as Stacks in Dart
  • Custom Iterators in Dart
  • Iterables as Ranges + Transform in Dart
  • Errors vs Exceptions in Dart
  • Custom Annotations in Dart
  • Classes as Enums in Dart
  • Spread Operator in Collection Literals in Dart
  • StreamBuilder and StreamController in Dart
  • Almost Equal in Dart
  • Enum Associated Values in Dart
  • Implementing Comparable in Dart
  • Implementing Custom Integer Types in Dart
  • Custom Subscripts in Dart
  • Dart List Enumeration with Index
  • Applying Mixins to Other Mixins in Dart
  • Parameter Types in Dart
  • Custom Exceptions in Dart
  • rethrowing Exceptions in Dart
  • mixins and JSON Parsing in Dart
  • mixins vs abstract classes in Dart
  • Drawing Shapes in Flutter with LayoutBuilder, CustomPaint and CustomPainter
  • Generic Type Aliases in Dart
  • Callable Classes in Dart
  • Synchronous Generators in Dart
  • Implicit Interfaces in Dart
  • const Constructors in Dart
  • async-await Over Raw Futures in Dart
  • Initializer List and Default Values as Convenience Intializers in Dart
  • Extract Elements of Certain Type from Lists in Dart
  • Type Promotion in Dart
  • Extract Minimum and Maximum Values in List<num> in Dart
  • Functions as First Class Citizens in Dart

 

LazyStream in Flutter and Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;
import 'dart:typed_data' show Uint8List;
import 'package:flutter/services.dart' show NetworkAssetBundle, rootBundle;
import 'package:async/async.dart' show LazyStream;

extension LocalFileData on String {
  Future<Uint8List> localFileData() => rootBundle.load(this).then(
        (byteData) => byteData.buffer.asUint8List(),
      );
}

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

void testIt() async {
  final stream = LazyStream(
    () async {
      final allData = await calculateAllData();
      return getImagesData(allData);
    },
  );

  await for (final data in stream) {
    'Got data, length = ${data.length}'.log();
  }
}

Stream<Uint8List> getImagesData(
  List<Future<Uint8List>> allData,
) async* {
  for (final data in allData) {
    yield await data;
  }
}

Future<List<Future<Uint8List>>> calculateAllData() async {
  final futures = Iterable.generate(
    3,
    (i) => 'images/image_list${i + 1}.txt'
        .localFileData()
        .then((data) => String.fromCharCodes(data)),
  );
  final result = Future.wait(futures);
  final lineSplitter = const LineSplitter();
  List<Future<Uint8List>> allData = [];
  for (final string in await result) {
    final urls = lineSplitter.convert(string);
    for (final url in urls) {
      allData.add(
        NetworkAssetBundle(Uri.parse(url))
            .load(url)
            .then((byteData) => byteData.buffer.asUint8List()),
      );
    }
  }
  return allData;
}

Cancelable APIs in Flutter

import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;
import 'dart:typed_data' show Uint8List;
import 'package:flutter/services.dart' show NetworkAssetBundle, rootBundle;
import 'package:async/async.dart' show CancelableOperation;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

extension LocalFileData on String {
  Future<Uint8List> localFileData() => rootBundle.load(this).then(
        (byteData) => byteData.buffer.asUint8List(),
      );
}

CancelableOperation<Uint8List> getImageOperation(String url) =>
    CancelableOperation.fromFuture(
      NetworkAssetBundle(Uri.parse(url))
          .load(url)
          .then((byteData) => byteData.buffer.asUint8List()),
      onCancel: () => 'images/template.png'.localFileData(),
    );

void testIt() async {
  final operation = getImageOperation('http://127.0.0.1:5500/images/1.png');
  final cancelledValue = await operation.cancel();
  final result = await operation.valueOrCancellation(cancelledValue);
  result?.log();
}

Asset Data in Flutter


import 'dart:typed_data' show Uint8List;
import 'package:flutter/services.dart' show rootBundle;
import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

extension LocalFileData on String {
  Future<Uint8List> localFileData() => rootBundle.load(this).then(
        (byteData) => byteData.buffer.asUint8List(),
      );
}

void testIt() async {
  (await 'images/template.png'.localFileData()).log();
}

API Caching in Flutter


import 'dart:typed_data' show Uint8List;
import 'package:flutter/services.dart' show NetworkAssetBundle;
import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;
import 'package:async/async.dart' show AsyncMemoizer;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

@immutable
class GetImageApi {
  final String url;
  final _fetch = AsyncMemoizer<Uint8List>();

  GetImageApi({required this.url});
  Future<Uint8List> fetch() => _fetch.runOnce(
        () => NetworkAssetBundle(Uri.parse(url))
            .load(url)
            .then((byteData) => byteData.buffer.asUint8List()),
      );
}

void testIt() async {
  final api = GetImageApi(url: 'http://127.0.0.1:5500/images/1.png');
  (await api.fetch()).log(); // fetched
  (await api.fetch()).log(); // cached
}

FutureGroup in Dart



mixin FutureConvertible<T> {
  Future<T> toFuture();
}

@immutable
class LoginApi with FutureConvertible<bool> {
  @override
  Future<bool> toFuture() => Future.delayed(
        const Duration(seconds: 1),
        () => true,
      );
}

@immutable
class SignUpApi with FutureConvertible<bool> {
  @override
  Future<bool> toFuture() => Future.delayed(
        const Duration(seconds: 1),
        () => true,
      );
}

extension Flatten on Iterable<bool> {
  bool flatten() => fold(
        true,
        (lhs, rhs) => lhs && rhs,
      );
}

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

Future<bool> startup({
  required bool shouldLogin,
  required bool shouldSignUp,
}) {
  final group = FutureGroup<bool>();
  if (shouldLogin) {
    group.add(LoginApi().toFuture());
  }
  if (shouldSignUp) {
    group.add(SignUpApi().toFuture());
  }
  group.close();
  return group.future.then((bools) => bools.flatten());
}

void testIt() async {
  final success = await startup(
    shouldLogin: true,
    shouldSignUp: false,
  );
  success.log();
}

Flatten Iterable<bool> in Dart


extension Flatten on Iterable<bool> {
  bool flatten() => fold(
        true,
        (lhs, rhs) => lhs && rhs,
      );
}

void testIt() {
  assert([true, false, true].flatten() == false);
  assert([true, true, true].flatten() == true);
  assert([false, false, false].flatten() == false);
  assert([true].flatten() == true);
  assert([false].flatten() == false);
}

Caching Temp Files in Flutter



@immutable
class NetworkImageAsset {
  final String localPath;
  final String url;
  NetworkImageAsset({required int index})
      : localPath = Directory.systemTemp.path + '/$index.png',
        url = 'http://127.0.0.1:5500/images/$index}.png';

  Future<bool> downloadAndSave() => NetworkAssetBundle(Uri.parse(url))
      .load(url)
      .then((byteData) => byteData.buffer.asUint8List())
      .then((data) => File(localPath).writeAsBytes(data).then((_) => true))
      .catchError((_) => false);
}

void testIt() async {
  await Future.forEach(
    Iterable.generate(
      3,
      (i) => NetworkImageAsset(index: i + 1),
    ),
    (NetworkImageAsset asset) => asset.downloadAndSave(),
  );
}

Custom Lists in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;
import 'dart:collection' show ListBase;

class LowercaseList extends ListBase<String> {
  final List<String> _list = [];

  @override
  int get length => _list.length;
  @override
  set length(int newLength) => _list.length = newLength;

  @override
  String operator [](int index) => _list[index].toUpperCase();

  @override
  void operator []=(int index, value) => _list[index] = value;

  @override
  void addAll(Iterable<String> iterable) => _list.addAll(iterable);

  @override
  void add(String element) => _list.add(element);
}

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

void testIt() {
  final myList = LowercaseList();
  myList.addAll(['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);
  myList[0].log(); // FOO
  myList[1].log(); // BAR
  for (final item in myList) {
    item.log(); // FOO, BAR, BAZ
  }
}

Optional Chaining in Dart



@immutable
class Address {
  final String? firstLine;
  final String? secondLine;
  const Address(this.firstLine, this.secondLine);
}

@immutable
class Person {
  final Person? father;
  final Address? address;
  const Person(this.father, this.address);
}

extension GetFathersFirstAddressLine on Person {
  String? get firstAddressLineOfFather => father?.address?.firstLine;
}

MapList in Flutter



extension MapToList<T> on Iterable<T> {
  List<E> mapList<E>(E Function(T) toElement) => 
    map(toElement).toList();
}

Future<bool> in Flutter



Future<bool> uploadImage({
  required File file,
  required String userId,
}) =>
    FirebaseStorage.instance
        .ref(userId)
        .child(const Uuid().v4())
        .putFile(file)
        .then((_) => true)
        .catchError((_) => false);

Async Bloc Init in Flutter



class App extends StatelessWidget {
  const App({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return BlocProvider<AppBloc>(
      create: (context) => AppBloc()..add(const AppEventInitialize()),
      child: MaterialApp(
        title: 'Photo Library',
        theme: ThemeData(
          primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
        ),
        debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
        home: BlocConsumer<AppBloc, AppState>(
          listener: (context, state) {
            // handle loading
            if (state.isLoading) {
              LoadingScreen().show(
                context: context,
                text: 'Loading...',
              );
            } else {
              LoadingScreen().hide();
            }
            
            ... rest of your code goes here

Firebase Auth Errors in Flutter



const authErrorMapping = {
  'user-not-found': AuthErrorUserNotFound(),
  'project-not-found': AuthErrorProjectNotFound(),
};

@immutable
abstract class AuthError {
  factory AuthError.from(FirebaseAuthException exception) =>
      authErrorMapping[exception.code.toLowerCase().trim()] ??
      const AuthErrorUnknown();
}

@immutable
class AuthErrorUnknown implements AuthError {
  const AuthErrorUnknown();
}

@immutable
class AuthErrorUserNotFound implements AuthError {
  const AuthErrorUserNotFound();
}

@immutable
class AuthErrorProjectNotFound implements AuthError {
  const AuthErrorProjectNotFound();
}

Debug Strings in Flutter


extension IfDebugging on String {
  String? get ifDebugging => kDebugMode ? this : null;
}

class LoginView extends HookWidget {
  const LoginView({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final emailController = useTextEditingController(
      text: 'foo@bar.com'.ifDebugging,
    );
    final passwordController = useTextEditingController(
      text: 'foobarbaz'.ifDebugging,
    );
    
    // rest of your code would be here ...

Keyboard Appearance in Flutter


class LoginView extends HookWidget {
  const LoginView({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Log in'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Column(
          children: const [
            TextField(
              keyboardType: TextInputType.emailAddress,
              keyboardAppearance: Brightness.dark,
            ),
            TextField(
              obscureText: true,
              obscuringCharacter: '◉',
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Get String Data in Dart


extension ToList on String {
  Uint8List toUint8List() => Uint8List.fromList(codeUnits);
}

final text1Data = 'Foo'.toUint8List();
final text2Data = 'Bar'.toUint8List();

Stream.startWith in Flutter


import 'package:async/async.dart' show StreamGroup;
import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

extension StartWith<T> on Stream<T> {
  Stream<T> startWith(T value) => StreamGroup.merge([
        this,
        Stream<T>.value(value),
      ]);
}

void testIt() {
  Stream.periodic(const Duration(seconds: 1), (i) => i + 1)
      .startWith(0)
      .take(4)
      .forEach((element) {
    element.log();
  }); // 0, 1, 2, 3
}

Optional Functions in Dart



typedef AppBlocRandomUrlPicker = String Function(Iterable<String> allUrls);

extension RandomElement<T> on Iterable<T> {
  T getRandomElement() => elementAt(
        math.Random().nextInt(length),
      );
}

class AppBloc extends Bloc<AppEvent, AppState> {
  String _pickRandomUrl(Iterable<String> allUrls) => allUrls.getRandomElement();

  AppBloc({
    required Iterable<String> urls,
    AppBlocRandomUrlPicker? urlPicker,
  }) : super(const AppState.empty()) {
    on<LoadNextUrlEvent>(
      (event, emit) {
        emit(
          const AppState(
            isLoading: true,
            data: null,
          ),
        );
        // pick a random URL to load
        final url = (urlPicker ?? _pickRandomUrl)(urls);
        HttpClient().getUrl(Uri.parse(url)); // continue here...
      },
    );
  }
}

AnnotatedRegion in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: AnnotatedRegion<SystemUiOverlayStyle>(
        value: SystemUiOverlayStyle.dark,
        child: Column(
          mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
          children: [
            Expanded(child: Container(color: Colors.blue)),
            Expanded(child: Container(color: Colors.yellow)),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Unordered Map Equality in Dart



import 'package:collection/collection.dart';
import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

extension UnorderedEquality<K, V> on Map<K, V> {
  bool isEqualTo(Map<K, V> other) =>
      const DeepCollectionEquality.unordered().equals(this, other);
}

void testIt() {
  final dict1 = {
    'name': 'foo',
    'age': 20,
    'values': ['foo', 'bar'],
  };
  final dict2 = {
    'age': 20,
    'name': 'foo',
    'values': ['bar', 'foo'],
  };
  dict1.isEqualTo(dict2).log(); // true
}

Iterable to ListView in Flutter



extension ToListView<T> on Iterable<T> {
  Widget toListView() => IterableListView(
        iterable: this,
      );
}

class IterableListView<T> extends StatelessWidget {
  final Iterable<T> iterable;
  const IterableListView({
    Key? key,
    required this.iterable,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ListView.builder(
      itemCount: iterable.length,
      itemBuilder: (context, index) {
        return ListTile(
          title: Text(
            iterable.elementAt(index).toString(),
          ),
        );
      },
    );
  }
}

@immutable
class Person {
  final String name;
  final int age;
  const Person({required this.name, required this.age});
  @override
  String toString() => '$name, $age years old';
}

const persons = [
  Person(name: 'Foo', age: 20),
  Person(name: 'Bar', age: 30),
  Person(name: 'Baz', age: 40),
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Home Page'),
      ),
      body: persons.toListView(),
    );
  }
}

Password Mask in Flutter



class PasswordTextField extends StatelessWidget {
  const PasswordTextField({
    Key? key,
    required this.passwordController,
  }) : super(key: key);

  final TextEditingController passwordController;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return TextField(
      controller: passwordController,
      obscureText: true,
      obscuringCharacter: '◉',
      decoration: const InputDecoration(
        hintText: 'Enter your password here...',
      ),
    );
  }
}

Fast Object.toString() in Dart



@immutable
class AppState {
  final bool isLoading;
  final Object? loginError;
  final String? loginHandle;
  final Iterable<String>? fetchedNotes;

  @override
  String toString() => {
        'isLoading': isLoading,
        'loginError': loginError,
        'loginHandle': loginHandle,
        'fetchedNotes': fetchedNotes
      }.toString();

  const AppState({
    required this.isLoading,
    required this.loginError,
    required this.loginHandle,
    required this.fetchedNotes,
  });
}

Copying Bloc State in Flutter



@immutable
class AppState {
  final bool isLoading;
  final LoginHandle? loginHandle;
  final Iterable<Note>? fetchedNotes;

  const AppState.empty()
      : isLoading = false,
        loginHandle = null,
        fetchedNotes = null;

  const AppState({
    required this.isLoading,
    required this.loginHandle,
    required this.fetchedNotes,
  });

  AppState copiedWith({
    bool? isLoading,
    LoginHandle? loginHandle,
    Iterable<Note>? fetchedNotes,
  }) =>
      AppState(
        isLoading: isLoading ?? this.isLoading,
        loginHandle: loginHandle ?? this.loginHandle,
        fetchedNotes: fetchedNotes ?? this.fetchedNotes,
      );
}

Iterable Subscripts in Dart

// Free Flutter Course 💙 https://linktr.ee/vandadnp
// Want to support my work 🤝? https://buymeacoffee.com/vandad

import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object? {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

extension Subscript<T> on Iterable<T> {
  T? operator [](int index) => length > index ? elementAt(index) : null;
}

void testIt() {
  Iterable.generate(10, (i) => i + 1)[0].log(); // 1
  Iterable.generate(1, (i) => i)[2].log(); // null
  Iterable.generate(10, (i) => i + 1)[9].log(); // 10
  Iterable.generate(0, (i) => i)[0].log(); // null
}

useState in Flutter Hooks



import 'package:flutter_hooks/flutter_hooks.dart';
import 'dart:math' show min;

@immutable
class VirtualTab {
  final Icon icon;
  final String text;

  const VirtualTab({
    required this.icon,
    required this.text,
  });
}

const tabs = [
  VirtualTab(
    icon: Icon(Icons.picture_as_pdf),
    text: 'All PDF files',
  ),
  VirtualTab(
    icon: Icon(Icons.ac_unit_outlined),
    text: 'Data page',
  ),
  VirtualTab(
    icon: Icon(Icons.person),
    text: 'Profile page',
  ),
];

class HomePage extends HookWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final tabCount = useState(1);
    return DefaultTabController(
      length: tabCount.value,
      initialIndex: tabCount.value - 1,
      child: Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          bottom: TabBar(
            tabs: tabs
                .take(tabCount.value)
                .map((tab) => Tab(icon: tab.icon))
                .toList(),
          ),
        ),
        body: CustomTabBarView(tabCount: tabCount),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomTabBarView extends StatelessWidget {
  const CustomTabBarView({
    Key? key,
    required this.tabCount,
  }) : super(key: key);

  final ValueNotifier<int> tabCount;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return TabBarView(
      children: tabs
          .take(tabCount.value)
          .map(
            (tab) => Padding(
              padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
              child: Column(
                children: [
                  Text(tab.text),
                  TextButton(
                    onPressed: () {
                      final newLength = min(
                        tabs.length,
                        tabCount.value + 1,
                      );
                      tabCount.value = newLength;
                    },
                    child: const Text('Create next tab'),
                  )
                ],
              ),
            ),
          )
          .toList(),
    );
  }
}

 

Folding Iterables in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

void testIt() {
  final values = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz', '1.0'];

  values.fold<int>(0, (pe, e) => pe + e.length); // 12

  values.fold<String>('', (pe, e) => '$pe$e'); // foobarbaz1.0

  values.fold<Map<String, int>>(
    {},
    (pe, e) => pe..addAll(<String, int>{e: e.length}),
  ).log(); // {foo: 3, bar: 3, baz: 3, 1.0: 3}

  values.fold<double>(
    0.0,
    (pe, e) => pe + (double.tryParse(e) ?? 0.0),
  ); // 1.0
}

Custom Iterables in Dart



class Address with IterableMixin {
  final String line1;
  final String line2;
  final String postCode;

  Address({
    required this.line1,
    required this.line2,
    required this.postCode,
  });

  @override
  Iterator<String> get iterator => [line1, line2, postCode].iterator;
}

void testIt() {
  final address = Address(
    line1: 'Foo bar avenue, #10',
    line2: 'Baz street',
    postCode: '123456',
  );
  for (final line in address) {
    devtools.log(line);
  }
}

Class Clusters in Dart



enum AnimalType { dog, cat }

@immutable
abstract class Animal {
  const Animal();
  factory Animal.fromType(AnimalType type) {
    switch (type) {
      case AnimalType.dog:
        return const Dog();
      case AnimalType.cat:
        return const Cat();
    }
  }
  void makeNoise();
}

@immutable
class Dog extends Animal {
  const Dog();
  @override
  void makeNoise() => 'Woof'.log();
}

@immutable
class Cat extends Animal {
  const Cat();
  @override
  void makeNoise() => 'Meow'.log();
}

void testIt() {
  final cat = Animal.fromType(AnimalType.cat);
  cat.makeNoise();
  final dog = Animal.fromType(AnimalType.dog);
  dog.makeNoise();
}

Iterable +/- in Dart



extension AddRemoveItems<T> on Iterable<T> {
  Iterable<T> operator +(T other) => followedBy([other]);
  Iterable<T> operator -(T other) => where((element) => element != other);
}

void testIt() {
  final values = ['foo', 'bar']
    .map((e) => e.toUpperCase()) + 'BAZ';
  values.log(); // (FOO, BAR, BAZ)
  (values - 'BAZ').log(); // (FOO, BAR)
}

Periodic Streams in Dart



import 'dart:io';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'dart:convert';
import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

@immutable
class Person {
  final String name;
  final int age;

  const Person({
    required this.name,
    required this.age,
  });

  Person.fromJson(Map<String, dynamic> json)
      : name = json["name"] as String,
        age = json["age"] as int;

  @override
  String toString() => 'Person ($name, $age years old)';
}

mixin ListOfThingsAPI<T> {
  Future<Iterable<T>> get(String url) => HttpClient()
      .getUrl(Uri.parse(url))
      .then((req) => req.close())
      .then((resp) => resp.transform(utf8.decoder).join())
      .then((str) => json.decode(str) as List<dynamic>)
      .then((list) => list.cast());
}

class GetPeople with ListOfThingsAPI<Map<String, dynamic>> {
  Future<Iterable<Person>> getPeople(url) => get(url).then(
        (jsons) => jsons.map(
          (json) => Person.fromJson(json),
        ),
      );
}

Stream<dynamic> every(Duration duration) => Stream.periodic(duration);

extension IntToDuration on int {
  Duration get seconds => Duration(seconds: this);
}

void testIt() async {
  await for (final people in every(3.seconds).asyncExpand(
    (_) => GetPeople()
        .getPeople('http://127.0.0.1:5500/apis/people1.json')
        .asStream(),
  )) {
    people.log();
  }
}

/* people1.json
[
    {
        "name": "Foo 1",
        "age": 20
    },
    {
        "name": "Bar 1",
        "age": 30
    }
]
*/

EmptyOnError in Dart



import 'dart:io';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'dart:convert';
import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

@immutable
class Person {
  final String name;
  final int age;

  const Person({
    required this.name,
    required this.age,
  });

  Person.fromJson(Map<String, dynamic> json)
      : name = json["name"] as String,
        age = json["age"] as int;

  @override
  String toString() => 'Person ($name, $age years old)';
}

const people1Url = 'http://127.0.0.1:5500/apis/people11.json';
const people2Url = 'http://127.0.0.1:5500/apis/people2.json';

extension EmptyOnError<E> on Future<List<Iterable<E>>> {
  Future<List<Iterable<E>>> emptyOnError() => catchError(
        (_, __) => List<Iterable<E>>.empty(),
      );
}

Future<Iterable<Person>> parseJson(String url) => HttpClient()
    .getUrl(Uri.parse(url))
    .then((req) => req.close())
    .then((resp) => resp.transform(utf8.decoder).join())
    .then((str) => json.decode(str) as List<dynamic>)
    .then((json) => json.map((e) => Person.fromJson(e)));

void testIt() async {
  final persons = await Future.wait([
    parseJson(people1Url),
    parseJson(people2Url),
  ]).emptyOnError();
  persons.log();
}

Stream<T> Initial Value in Flutter



import 'dart:async';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_hooks/flutter_hooks.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(
    MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      home: const HomePage(),
    ),
  );
}

const url = 'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt';

class HomePage extends HookWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    late final StreamController<double> controller;
    controller = useStreamController<double>(onListen: () {
      controller.sink.add(0.0);
    });

    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Home page'),
      ),
      body: StreamBuilder<double>(
          stream: controller.stream,
          builder: (context, snapshot) {
            if (!snapshot.hasData) {
              return const CircularProgressIndicator();
            } else {
              final rotation = snapshot.data ?? 0.0;
              return GestureDetector(
                onTap: () {
                  controller.sink.add(rotation + 10.0);
                },
                child: RotationTransition(
                  turns: AlwaysStoppedAnimation(rotation / 360.0),
                  child: Center(
                    child: Image.network(url),
                  ),
                ),
              );
            }
          }),
    );
  }
}

Double.normalize in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Normalize on double {
  double normalized(
    double selfRangeMin,
    double selfRangeMax, [
    double normalizedRangeMin = 0.0,
    double normalizedRangeMax = 1.0,
  ]) =>
      (normalizedRangeMax - normalizedRangeMin) *
          ((this - selfRangeMin) / (selfRangeMax - selfRangeMin)) +
      normalizedRangeMin;
}

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

void testIt() async {
  2.0.normalized(0, 2.0).log(); // 1.0
  4.0.normalized(0, 8.0).log(); // 0.5
  5.0.normalized(4.0, 6.0, 10.0, 20.0).log(); // 15
}

Hide Sensitive Information in Flutter

 



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_hooks/flutter_hooks.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(
    MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      home: const HomePage(),
    ),
  );
}

class HomePage extends HookWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final state = useAppLifecycleState();
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Home Page'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Opacity(
          opacity: state == AppLifecycleState.resumed ? 1.0 : 0.0,
          child: Container(
            decoration: BoxDecoration(
              boxShadow: [
                BoxShadow(
                  blurRadius: 10,
                  color: Colors.black.withAlpha(100),
                  spreadRadius: 10,
                ),
              ],
            ),
            child: Image.asset('assets/card.png'),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Iterable.compactMap in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

extension CompactMap<T> on Iterable<T?> {
  Iterable<T> compactMap<E>([
    E? Function(T?)? transform,
  ]) =>
      map(transform ?? (e) => e).where((e) => e != null).cast();
}

const list = ['Hello', null, 'World'];

void testIt() {
  list.log(); // [Hello, null, World]
  list.compactMap().log(); // [Hello, World]
  list.compactMap((e) => e?.toUpperCase()).log(); // [HELLO, WORLD]
}

useEffect in Flutter Hooks



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_hooks/flutter_hooks.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(
    MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      home: const HomePage(),
    ),
  );
}

class HomePage extends HookWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final controller = useTextEditingController();
    final text = useState('');
    useEffect(
      () {
        void listener() {
          text.value = controller.text;
        }

        controller.addListener(listener);
        return () => controller.removeListener(listener);
      },
      [controller],
    );
    return Scaffold(
      body: Column(
        children: [
          TextField(
            controller: controller,
          ),
          Text('You typed ${text.value}')
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Merging Streams in Dart



import 'package:async/async.dart' show StreamGroup;
import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

void testIt() async {
  final streams = Iterable.generate(
    3,
    (i) => Stream.periodic(
      const Duration(seconds: 1),
      (_) => 'Stream $i: ${DateTime.now().toIso8601String()}',
    ).take(i + 1),
  );
  await for (final now in StreamGroup.merge(streams)) {
    now.log();
  }
}

Isolate Stream in Dart



Stream<String> getMessages() {
  final rp = ReceivePort();
  return Isolate.spawn(_getMessages, rp.sendPort)
      .asStream()
      .asyncExpand((_) => rp)
      .takeWhile((element) => element is String)
      .cast();
}

void _getMessages(SendPort sp) async {
  await for (final now in Stream.periodic(
    const Duration(seconds: 1),
    (_) => DateTime.now().toIso8601String(),
  ).take(10)) {
    sp.send(now);
  }
  Isolate.exit(sp);
}

void testIt() async {
  await for (final msg in getMessages()) {
    msg.log();
  }
}

Network Image Retry in Flutter



@immutable
class RetryStrategy {
  final bool shouldRetry;
  final Duration waitBeforeRetry;
  const RetryStrategy({
    required this.shouldRetry,
    required this.waitBeforeRetry,
  });
}

typedef Retrier = RetryStrategy Function(String url, Object error);

class NetworkImageWithRetry extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget loadingWidget;
  final Widget errorWidget;
  final String url;
  final Retrier retrier;

  final _controller = StreamController<Uint8List>.broadcast();

  NetworkImageWithRetry({
    Key? key,
    required this.url,
    required this.retrier,
    required this.loadingWidget,
    required this.errorWidget,
  }) : super(key: key);

  void getData() async {
    while (true == true) {
      try {
        final networkAsset = NetworkAssetBundle(Uri.parse(url));
        final loaded = await networkAsset.load(url);
        final bytes = loaded.buffer.asUint8List();
        _controller.sink.add(bytes);
        break;
      } catch (e) {
        final strategy = retrier(url, e);
        if (strategy.shouldRetry) {
          await Future.delayed(strategy.waitBeforeRetry);
        } else {
          _controller.sink.addError(e);
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    getData();
    return StreamBuilder(
      stream: _controller.stream,
      builder: (context, AsyncSnapshot<Uint8List> snapshot) {
        if (snapshot.hasError) {
          return errorWidget;
        } else {
          final data = snapshot.data;
          if (snapshot.hasData && data != null) {
            return Image.memory(data);
          } else {
            return loadingWidget;
          }
        }
      },
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Image Retry'),
      ),
      body: NetworkImageWithRetry(
        url: 'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
        errorWidget: const Text('Got an error!'),
        loadingWidget: const Text('Loading...'),
        retrier: (url, error) {
          return RetryStrategy(
            shouldRetry: error is! FlutterError,
            waitBeforeRetry: const Duration(seconds: 1),
          );
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

Reusable APIs in Flutter

import 'dart:io';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;
import 'dart:convert' show utf8;
import 'package:meta/meta.dart' show useResult;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

extension GetOnUri on Object {
  Future<HttpClientResponse> getUrl(
    String url,
  ) =>
      HttpClient()
          .getUrl(
            Uri.parse(
              url,
            ),
          )
          .then((req) => req.close());
}

mixin CanMakeGetCall {
  String get url;
  @useResult
  Future<String> getString() => getUrl(url).then(
        (response) => response
            .transform(
              utf8.decoder,
            )
            .join(),
      );
}

@immutable
class GetPeople with CanMakeGetCall {
  const GetPeople();
  @override
  String get url => 'http://127.0.0.1:5500/apis/people.json';
}

void testIt() async {
  final people = await const GetPeople().getString();
  devtools.log(people);
}

ListTile Shadow in Flutter



enum Currency { dollars }

extension Title on Currency {
  String get title {
    switch (this) {
      case Currency.dollars:
        return '\$';
    }
  }
}

@immutable
class Item {
  final IconData icon;
  final String name;
  final double price;
  final Currency currency;

  const Item({
    required this.icon,
    required this.name,
    required this.price,
    required this.currency,
  });

  String get description => '$price${currency.title}';
}

const items = [
  Item(
    icon: Icons.camera_alt,
    name: 'Camera',
    price: 300,
    currency: Currency.dollars,
  ),
  Item(
    icon: Icons.house,
    name: 'House',
    price: 1000000,
    currency: Currency.dollars,
  ),
  Item(
    icon: Icons.watch,
    name: 'Smart Watch',
    price: 200,
    currency: Currency.dollars,
  ),
];

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Home Page'),
      ),
      body: ListView.builder(
        itemCount: items.length,
        itemBuilder: (_, index) {
          return ItemTile(
            item: items[index],
          );
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

class ItemTile extends StatelessWidget {
  final Item item;
  const ItemTile({Key? key, required this.item}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      child: Stack(
        children: [
          const TileBackground(),
          CustomTile(item: item),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomTile extends StatelessWidget {
  final Item item;
  const CustomTile({
    Key? key,
    required this.item,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.only(bottom: 7.0),
      child: Container(
        decoration: customDecoration(),
        child: ListTile(
          leading: Icon(
            item.icon,
            color: Colors.white,
          ),
          title: Text(item.name),
          subtitle: Text(item.description),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

BoxDecoration customDecoration() {
  return BoxDecoration(
    color: const Color.fromARGB(255, 0x7d, 0xcf, 0xff),
    borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(10.0),
    border: Border.all(
      color: Colors.black,
      width: 2.0,
    ),
  );
}

class TileBackground extends StatelessWidget {
  const TileBackground({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Positioned.fill(
      child: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 6.0),
        child: Container(
          decoration: BoxDecoration(
            color: const Color.fromARGB(255, 202, 255, 127),
            borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(10.0),
            border: Border.all(
              color: Colors.black,
              width: 2.0,
            ),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Transparent AppBar in Flutter



const images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      extendBodyBehindAppBar: true,
      appBar: AppBar(
        elevation: 0.0,
        backgroundColor: Colors.blueAccent.withAlpha(200),
        title: const Text('Transparent App Bar in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: const ImagesScrollView(),
    );
  }
}

class ImagesScrollView extends StatelessWidget {
  const ImagesScrollView({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SingleChildScrollView(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.only(top: 80.0),
      child: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.only(
          top: 40.0,
          left: 10.0,
          right: 10.0,
        ),
        child: Column(
          children: images
              .map((url) => ElevatedNetworkImage(url: url))
              .expand(
                (img) => [
                  img,
                  const SizedBox(height: 30.0),
                ],
              )
              .toList(),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class ElevatedNetworkImage extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  const ElevatedNetworkImage({Key? key, required this.url}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return PhysicalShape(
      color: Colors.white,
      clipper: Clipper(),
      elevation: 20.0,
      clipBehavior: Clip.none,
      shadowColor: Colors.white.withAlpha(200),
      child: CutEdges(
        child: Image.network(url),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class Clipper extends CustomClipper<Path> {
  static const variance = 0.2;
  static const reverse = 1.0 - variance;

  @override
  Path getClip(Size size) {
    final path = Path();

    path.moveTo(0.0, size.height * Clipper.variance);
    path.lineTo(size.width * Clipper.variance, 0.0);
    path.lineTo(size.width, 0.0);
    path.lineTo(size.width, size.height * Clipper.reverse);
    path.lineTo(size.width * Clipper.reverse, size.height);
    path.lineTo(0.0, size.height);
    path.lineTo(0.0, size.height * Clipper.variance);
    path.close();
    return path;
  }

  @override
  bool shouldReclip(covariant CustomClipper<Path> oldClipper) => false;
}

class CutEdges extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;

  const CutEdges({Key? key, required this.child}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ClipPath(
      clipper: Clipper(),
      child: child,
    );
  }
}

Constructors on Abstract Classes in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

enum Type { dog, cat }

abstract class CanRun {
  final Type type;
  const CanRun({required this.type});
}

class Cat extends CanRun {
  const Cat() : super(type: Type.cat);
}

class Dog extends CanRun {
  const Dog() : super(type: Type.dog);
}

@useResult in Dart



import 'package:meta/meta.dart' show useResult;

class Person {
  final String firstName;
  final String lastName;

  const Person({
    required this.firstName,
    required this.lastName,
  });

  @useResult
  String fullName() => '$firstName $lastName';
}

void printFullName() {
  const Person(
    firstName: 'Foo',
    lastName: 'Bar',
  ).fullName();
}

@mustCallSuper in Dart



class Animal {
  @mustCallSuper
  void run() {}
}

class Dog extends Animal {
  @override
  void run() {}
}

Object.hash in Dart



class BreadCrumb {
  final bool isActive;
  final String name;
  BreadCrumb({
    required this.isActive,
    required this.name,
  });
  BreadCrumb activated() => BreadCrumb(
        isActive: true,
        name: name,
      );
  @override
  bool operator ==(covariant BreadCrumb other) =>
      isActive == other.isActive && name == other.name;

  @override
  int get hashCode => Object.hash(isActive, name);
}

Expanded Equally in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(
    MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      home: const HomePage(),
    ),
  );
}

extension ExpandEqually on Iterable<Widget> {
  Iterable<Widget> expandedEqually() => map(
        (w) => Expanded(
          flex: 1,
          child: w,
        ),
      );
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Home Page'),
      ),
      body: Column(
        children: [
          Row(
            mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
            children: [
              Container(
                height: 200,
                color: Colors.yellow,
              ),
              Container(
                height: 200,
                color: Colors.blue,
              ),
            ].expandedEqually().toList(),
          )
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Random Iterable Value in Dart



import 'dart:math' as math show Random;

extension RandomElement<T> on Iterable<T> {
  T getRandomElement() => elementAt(
        math.Random().nextInt(length),
      );
}

final colors = [Colors.blue, Colors.red, Colors.brown];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  final color = ValueNotifier<MaterialColor>(
    colors.getRandomElement(),
  );
  HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('List.Random in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: ColorPickerButton(color: color),
    );
  }
}

class ColorPickerButton extends StatelessWidget {
  final ValueNotifier<MaterialColor> color;

  const ColorPickerButton({
    Key? key,
    required this.color,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ValueListenableBuilder<Color>(
      valueListenable: color,
      builder: (context, value, child) {
        return Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
          child: CenteredTight(
            child: TextButton(
              style: TextButton.styleFrom(backgroundColor: value),
              onPressed: () {
                color.value = colors.getRandomElement();
              },
              child: const Text(
                'Change color',
                style: TextStyle(
                  fontSize: 30,
                  color: Colors.white,
                ),
              ),
            ),
          ),
        );
      },
    );
  }
}

Hardcoded Strings in Flutter



extension Hardcoded on String {
  String get hardcoded => '$this 🧨';
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text(
          'My hardcoded string'.hardcoded,
        ),
      ),
      body: Row(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
        children: [
          Text('String in body'.hardcoded),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Manually Scroll in List View in Flutter

// Free Flutter Course 💙 https://linktr.ee/vandadnp

import 'package:scrollable_positioned_list/scrollable_positioned_list.dart';

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  final _controller = ItemScrollController();
  HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Testing'),
      ),
      body: ScrollablePositionedList.builder(
        itemScrollController: _controller,
        itemCount: allImages.length + 1,
        itemBuilder: (context, index) {
          if (index == 0) {
            return IndexSelector(
              count: allImages.length,
              onSelected: (index) {
                _controller.scrollTo(
                  index: index + 1,
                  duration: const Duration(milliseconds: 370),
                );
              },
            );
          } else {
            return ImageWithTitle(index: index);
          }
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

class ImageWithTitle extends StatelessWidget {
  final int index;
  const ImageWithTitle({
    Key? key,
    required this.index,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Column(
      children: [
        Text(
          'Image $index',
          style: const TextStyle(fontSize: 30.0),
        ),
        Image.network(allImages.elementAt(index - 1)),
      ],
    );
  }
}

typedef OnIndexSelected = void Function(int index);

class IndexSelector extends StatelessWidget {
  final int count;
  final OnIndexSelected onSelected;
  final String prefix;
  const IndexSelector({
    Key? key,
    required this.count,
    required this.onSelected,
    this.prefix = 'Image',
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SingleChildScrollView(
      scrollDirection: Axis.horizontal,
      child: Row(
        children: Iterable.generate(
          count,
          (index) => TextButton(
            onPressed: () {
              onSelected(index);
            },
            child: Text('$prefix ${index + 1}'),
          ),
        ).toList(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

const imageUrls = [
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

AsyncSnapshot to Widget in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_hooks/flutter_hooks.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(
    MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      home: const HomePage(),
    ),
  );
}

final future = Future<String>.delayed(
  const Duration(seconds: 3),
  () => 'Hello world',
);

typedef ResolveToWidget<T> = Widget Function(
  ConnectionState connectionState,
  AsyncSnapshot<T> snapshot,
);

extension Materialize on AsyncSnapshot {
  Widget materialize(ResolveToWidget f) => f(
        connectionState,
        this,
      );
}

class HomePage extends HookWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Hooks'),
      ),
      body: useFuture(future).materialize((connectionState, snapshot) {
        switch (connectionState) {
          case ConnectionState.done:
            return Text(snapshot.data ?? '');
          default:
            return const CircularProgressIndicator();
        }
      }),
    );
  }
}

Breadcrumbs in Flutter



@immutable
class BreadCrumbPath {
  final String title;
  final bool isActive;
  const BreadCrumbPath({
    required this.title,
    required this.isActive,
  });
  BreadCrumbPath activated() {
    return BreadCrumbPath(
      title: title,
      isActive: true,
    );
  }

  @override
  String toString() => title;
}

class BreatCrumbPathView extends StatelessWidget {
  final BreadCrumbPath path;

  const BreatCrumbPathView({
    Key? key,
    required this.path,
  }) : super(key: key);
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final title = path.isActive ? '${path.title} →' : path.title;
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.all(2.0),
      child: Text(
        title,
        style: TextStyle(
          height: 1.0,
          fontSize: 20.0,
          color: path.isActive ? Colors.blueAccent : Colors.black,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

typedef OnBreadCrumbPathTapped = void Function(BreadCrumbPath path);

class BreadCrumbView extends StatelessWidget {
  final OnBreadCrumbPathTapped onTapped;
  final Stream<List<BreadCrumbPath>> paths;
  const BreadCrumbView({
    Key? key,
    required this.paths,
    required this.onTapped,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return StreamBuilder<List<BreadCrumbPath>>(
      stream: paths,
      builder: (context, snapshot) {
        final List<Widget> views;
        switch (snapshot.connectionState) {
          case ConnectionState.waiting:
          case ConnectionState.active:
            final paths = snapshot.data ?? [];
            final views = paths
                .map(
                  (path) => GestureDetector(
                    onTap: () => onTapped(path),
                    child: BreatCrumbPathView(path: path),
                  ),
                )
                .toList();
            return Wrap(
              spacing: 4.0,
              children: views,
              alignment: WrapAlignment.start,
              crossAxisAlignment: WrapCrossAlignment.center,
            );
          default:
            return Wrap();
        }
      },
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  List<BreadCrumbPath> _paths = [];
  late final TextEditingController _textController;
  late final StreamController<List<BreadCrumbPath>> _pathsController;

  @override
  void initState() {
    _pathsController = StreamController<List<BreadCrumbPath>>.broadcast(
      onListen: () {
        _pathsController.add(_paths);
      },
    );
    _textController = TextEditingController();
    super.initState();
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _textController.dispose();
    _pathsController.close();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Breadcrumb in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: Column(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
          children: [
            BreadCrumbView(
              paths: _pathsController.stream,
              onTapped: (path) async {
                await showBreadCrumbPathTappedDialog(
                  context,
                  path,
                );
              },
            ),
            TextField(
              controller: _textController,
              textAlign: TextAlign.center,
              decoration: const InputDecoration(
                hintText: 'Enter a new path here',
              ),
            ),
            TextButton(
              onPressed: () {
                _paths = [
                  ..._paths.map((p) => p.activated()),
                  BreadCrumbPath(
                    title: _textController.text,
                    isActive: false,
                  ),
                ];
                _pathsController.add(_paths);
                _textController.clear();
              },
              child: const Center(
                child: Text('Add new path'),
              ),
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Future<void> showBreadCrumbPathTappedDialog(
  BuildContext context,
  BreadCrumbPath path,
) {
  return showDialog(
    context: context,
    builder: (context) {
      return AlertDialog(
        content: Text('You tapped on $path'),
        actions: [
          TextButton(
            onPressed: () {
              Navigator.of(context).pop();
            },
            child: const Text('OK'),
          ),
        ],
      );
    },
  );
}

Unique Map Values in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension ContainsDuplicateValues on Map {
  bool get containsDuplicateValues => 
    {...values}.length != values.length;
}

extension Log on Object {
  void log() => devtools.log(toString());
}

const people1 = {
  1: 'Foo',
  2: 'Bar',
};
const people2 = {
  1: 'Foo',
  2: 'Foo',
};

void testIt() {
  people1.containsDuplicateValues.log(); // false
  people2.containsDuplicateValues.log(); // true
}

Smart Quotes/Dashes in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Smart Quotes/Dashes in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: const Padding(
        padding: EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: TextField(
          smartQuotesType: SmartQuotesType.disabled,
          smartDashesType: SmartDashesType.disabled,
          maxLines: null,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Haptic Feedback in Flutter



class CenteredTight extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;
  const CenteredTight({
    Key? key,
    required this.child,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Row(
      mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
      children: [child],
    );
  }
}

class FullscreenImage extends StatefulWidget {
  final String imageUrl;
  const FullscreenImage({Key? key, required this.imageUrl}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<FullscreenImage> createState() => _FullscreenImageState();
}

class _FullscreenImageState extends State<FullscreenImage> {
  var shouldDisplayAppbar = false;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: shouldDisplayAppbar ? AppBar(title: const Text('Image')) : null,
      body: GestureDetector(
        onTap: () {
          setState(() => shouldDisplayAppbar = !shouldDisplayAppbar);
        },
        child: Image.network(
          widget.imageUrl,
          alignment: Alignment.center,
          width: double.infinity,
          height: double.infinity,
          fit: BoxFit.cover,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Haptic Feedback in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: CenteredTight(
          child: FractionallySizedBox(
            heightFactor: 0.7,
            child: GestureDetector(
              onLongPress: () async {
                await HapticFeedback.lightImpact();
                Navigator.of(context).push(
                  MaterialPageRoute(
                    builder: (context) {
                      return const FullscreenImage(
                        imageUrl: imageUrl,
                      );
                    },
                  ),
                );
              },
              child: Image.network(imageUrl),
            ),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Localization Delegates in Flutter



import 'package:flutter_gen/gen_l10n/app_localizations.dart';

void main() {
  WidgetsFlutterBinding.ensureInitialized();
  runApp(
    MaterialApp(
      localizationsDelegates: AppLocalizations.localizationsDelegates,
      supportedLocales: AppLocalizations.supportedLocales,
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      home: BlocProvider<AuthBloc>(
        create: (context) => AuthBloc(FirebaseAuthProvider()),
        child: const HomePage(),
      ),
      routes: {
        createOrUpdateNoteRoute: (context) => const CreateUpdateNoteView(),
      },
    ),
  );
}

Extending Functions in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension ToTextButton on VoidCallback {
  TextButton toTextButton(String title) {
    return TextButton(
      onPressed: this,
      child: Text(title),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Extensions in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: () {
        devtools.log('I am pressed');
      }.toTextButton('Press me'),
    );
  }
}

Paginated ListView in Flutter



@immutable
class Season {
  final String name;
  final String imageUrl;
  const Season({required this.name, required this.imageUrl});
  const Season.spring()
      : name = 'Spring',
        imageUrl = 'https://cnn.it/3xu58Ap';
  const Season.summer()
      : name = 'Summer',
        imageUrl = 'https://bit.ly/2VcCSow';
  const Season.autumn()
      : name = 'Autumn',
        imageUrl = 'https://bit.ly/3A3zStC';
  const Season.winter()
      : name = 'Winter',
        imageUrl = 'https://bit.ly/2TNY7wi';
}

const allSeasons = [
  Season.spring(),
  Season.summer(),
  Season.autumn(),
  Season.winter()
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final width = MediaQuery.of(context).size.width;
    final height = width / (16.0 / 9.0);
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('PageScrollPhysics in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: SizedBox(
        width: width,
        height: height,
        child: ListView(
          shrinkWrap: true,
          scrollDirection: Axis.horizontal,
          physics: const PageScrollPhysics(),
          clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
          children: allSeasons.map((season) {
            return SizedBox(
              width: width,
              height: height,
              child: Image.network(
                season.imageUrl,
                height: height,
                fit: BoxFit.cover,
              ),
            );
          }).toList(),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Immutable Classes in Dart



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart' show immutable;

@immutable
abstract class Animal {
  final String name;
  const Animal(this.name);
}

class Cat extends Animal {
  const Cat() : super('Cindy Clawford');
}

class Dog extends Animal {
  int age;
  Dog()
      : age = 0,
        super('Bark Twain');
}

Card Widget in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Card in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Image.network(
        'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
        frameBuilder: (context, child, frame, wasSynchronouslyLoaded) {
          return Card(
            child: child,
            clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
          );
        },
        loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
          final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
          final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
          if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
            return Row(
              mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
              children: const [CircularProgressIndicator()],
            );
          } else {
            return child;
          }
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

List Equality Ignoring Ordering in Dart



@immutable
class Person {
  final String name;
  const Person(this.name);

  @override
  bool operator ==(covariant Person other) => other.name == name;

  @override
  int get hashCode => name.hashCode;

  @override
  String toString() => name;
}

const people1 = [Person('Foo'), Person('Bar'), Person('Baz')];
const people2 = [Person('Foo'), Person('Bar'), Person('Baz')];
const people3 = [Person('Bar'), Person('Bar'), Person('Baz')];
const people4 = [Person('Bar'), Person('Baz')];

extension IsEqualToIgnoringOrdering<T> on List<T> {
  bool isEqualToIgnoringOrdering(List<T> other) =>
      length == other.length &&
      {...this}.intersection({...other}).length == length;
}

void testIt() {
  assert(people1.isEqualToIgnoringOrdering(people2));
  assert(!people1.isEqualToIgnoringOrdering(people3));
  assert(!people2.isEqualToIgnoringOrdering(people3));
  assert(!people3.isEqualToIgnoringOrdering(people4));
}

Shorten GitHub URLs in Dart

// Want to support my work 🤝? https://buymeacoffee.com/vandad

import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;
import 'dart:convert' show utf8;

Future<Uri> shortenGitHubUrl(String longUrl) =>
    HttpClient().postUrl(Uri.parse('https://git.io/')).then((req) {
      req.add(utf8.encode('url=$longUrl'));
      return req.close();
    }).then(
      (resp) async {
        try {
          final location = resp.headers[HttpHeaders.locationHeader]?.first;
          if (location != null) {
            return Uri.parse(location);
          } else {
            throw 'No location was specified';
          }
        } catch (e) {
          return Uri.parse(longUrl);
        }
      },
    );

void testIt() async {
  final uri = await shortenGitHubUrl(
      'https://github.com/vandadnp/flutter-tips-and-tricks');
  devtools.log(uri.toString());
  // logs https://git.io/JS5Fm
}

Time Picker in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  final timeOfDay = ValueNotifier<TimeOfDay?>(null);
  HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ValueListenableBuilder(
      valueListenable: timeOfDay,
      builder: (context, value, child) {
        final title = timeOfDay.value?.toString() ?? 'Time Picker in Flutter';
        return Scaffold(
          appBar: AppBar(title: Text(title)),
          body: Center(
            child: TextButton(
              onPressed: () async {
                timeOfDay.value = await showTimePicker(
                  context: context,
                  initialTime: TimeOfDay.now(),
                  initialEntryMode: TimePickerEntryMode.input,
                );
              },
              child: const Text('Please Pick a time'),
            ),
          ),
        );
      },
    );
  }
}

Throttled Print in Flutter



Stream<String> getStream() => Stream.periodic(
      const Duration(milliseconds: 100),
      (e) => DateTime.now().toString(),
    );

void testIt() async {
  await for (final now in getStream()) {
    debugPrintThrottled(now);
  }
}

Map Equality in Dart



typedef Name = String;
typedef Age = int;

const Map<Name, Age> people1 = {
  'foo': 20,
  'bar': 30,
  'baz': 40,
};

const Map<Name, Age> people2 = {
  'baz': 40,
  'foo': 20,
  'bar': 30,
};

void testIt() {
  assert(mapEquals(people1, people2));
}

Unique Maps in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

typedef Name = String;
typedef Age = int;

const Map<Name, Age> people = {
  'foo': 20,
  'bar': 30,
  'baz': 20,
};

extension Unique<K, V> on Map<K, V> {
  Map<K, V> unique() {
    Map<K, V> result = {};
    for (final value in {...values}) {
      final firstKey = keys.firstWhereOrNull((key) => this[key] == value);
      if (firstKey != null) {
        result[firstKey] = value;
      }
    }
    return result;
  }
}

void testIt() {
  final uniques = people.unique();
  devtools.log(uniques.toString());
  // prints: {foo: 20, bar: 30}
}

Raw Auto Complete in Flutter



const emailProviders = [
  'gmail.com',
  'hotmail.com',
  'yahoo.com',
];

const icons = [
  'https://bit.ly/3HsvvvB',
  'https://bit.ly/3n6GW4L',
  'https://bit.ly/3zf2RLy',
];

class EmailTextField extends StatefulWidget {
  const EmailTextField({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<EmailTextField> createState() => _EmailTextFieldState();
}

class _EmailTextFieldState extends State<EmailTextField> {
  late final TextEditingController _controller;
  late final FocusNode _focus;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return RawAutocomplete<String>(
      textEditingController: _controller,
      focusNode: _focus,
      fieldViewBuilder: (_, controller, focusNode, onSubmitted) {
        return TextFormField(
          controller: controller,
          focusNode: focusNode,
          onFieldSubmitted: (value) {
            onSubmitted();
          },
        );
      },
      optionsBuilder: (textEditingValue) {
        final lastChar = textEditingValue.text.characters.last;
        if (lastChar == '@') {
          return emailProviders;
        } else {
          return [];
        }
      },
      optionsViewBuilder: (context, onSelected, options) {
        return OptionsList(
          onSelected: onSelected,
          options: options,
          controller: _controller,
        );
      },
    );
  }

  @override
  void initState() {
    _controller = TextEditingController();
    _focus = FocusNode();
    super.initState();
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _focus.dispose();
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }
}

class OptionsList extends StatelessWidget {
  final Iterable<String> options;
  final AutocompleteOnSelected<String> onSelected;
  final TextEditingController controller;
  const OptionsList({
    Key? key,
    required this.onSelected,
    required this.options,
    required this.controller,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Align(
      alignment: Alignment.topLeft,
      child: Material(
        child: SizedBox(
          height: 150,
          child: ListView.builder(
            padding: const EdgeInsets.all(0.0),
            itemCount: options.length,
            itemBuilder: (context, index) {
              final option = options.elementAt(index);
              return GestureDetector(
                onTap: () => onSelected(controller.text + option),
                child: ListTile(
                  horizontalTitleGap: 2.0,
                  leading: Image.network(
                    icons[index],
                    width: 24,
                    height: 24,
                  ),
                  title: Text(option),
                ),
              );
            },
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Raw Auto Complete in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: const Padding(
        padding: EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: EmailTextField(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Title on Object in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension CapTitle on Object {
  String get capitalizedTitle {
    String str;
    if (this is Enum) {
      str = (this as Enum).name;
    } else {
      str = toString();
    }
    return str[0].toUpperCase() + str.substring(1);
  }
}

enum EmailProviders { gmail, yahoo, hotmail }

void testIt() {
  EmailProviders.values.map((p) => p.capitalizedTitle).forEach(devtools.log);
  // prints these:
  // Gmail
  // Yahoo
  // Hotmail
}

Compute in Flutter



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;
import 'dart:convert' show utf8, json;

@immutable
class Person {
  final String name;
  final int age;
  const Person(this.name, this.age);
  Person.fromJson(Map<String, dynamic> json)
      : name = json["name"] as String,
        age = json["age"] as int;
}

Future<Iterable<Person>> downloadAndParsePersons(Uri uri) => HttpClient()
    .getUrl(uri)
    .then((req) => req.close())
    .then((response) => response.transform(utf8.decoder).join())
    .then((jsonString) => json.decode(jsonString) as List<dynamic>)
    .then((json) => json.map((map) => Person.fromJson(map)));

void testIt() async {
  final persons = await compute(
    downloadAndParsePersons,
    Uri.parse('https://bit.ly/3Jjcw8R'),
  );
  devtools.log(persons.toString());
}

Filter on Map in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

typedef Name = String;
typedef Age = int;

extension Filter<K, V> on Map<K, V> {
  Iterable<MapEntry<K, V>> filter(
    bool Function(MapEntry<K, V> entry) f,
  ) sync* {
    for (final entry in entries) {
      if (f(entry)) {
        yield entry;
      }
    }
  }
}

const Map<Name, Age> people = {
  'foo': 20,
  'bar': 31,
  'baz': 25,
  'qux': 32,
};

void testIt() async {
  final peopleOver30 = people.filter((e) => e.value > 30);
  devtools.log(peopleOver30.toString());
  // ☝🏻 prints (MapEntry(bar: 31), MapEntry(qux: 32))
}

Type Alias in Dart



const Map<String, int> people1 = {
  'foo': 20,
  'bar': 30,
  'baz': 25,
};

typedef Age = int;

const Map<String, Age> people2 = {
  'foo': 20,
  'bar': 30,
  'baz': 25,
};

ValueNotifier in Flutter



class DynamicToolTipTextField extends StatelessWidget {
  final TextInputType? keyboardType;
  final ValueNotifier<String?> hint;
  final TextEditingController controller;
  const DynamicToolTipTextField({
    Key? key,
    required this.hint,
    required this.controller,
    this.keyboardType,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ValueListenableBuilder(
      valueListenable: hint,
      builder: (context, value, child) {
        return TextField(
          keyboardType: keyboardType,
          controller: controller,
          decoration: InputDecoration(
            hintText: value as String?,
          ),
        );
      },
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

@immutable
abstract class HasText {
  String get text;
}

enum Hint { pleaseEnterYourEmail, youForgotToEnterYourEmail }

extension GetText on Hint {
  String get text {
    switch (this) {
      case Hint.pleaseEnterYourEmail:
        return 'Please enter your email';
      case Hint.youForgotToEnterYourEmail:
        return 'You forgot to enter your email';
    }
  }
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  late final ValueNotifier<String?> _hint;
  late final TextEditingController _controller;

  @override
  void initState() {
    _hint = ValueNotifier<String?>(Hint.pleaseEnterYourEmail.text);
    _controller = TextEditingController();
    super.initState();
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _hint.dispose();
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('ValueNotifier in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Column(
          children: [
            DynamicToolTipTextField(
              hint: _hint,
              controller: _controller,
              keyboardType: TextInputType.emailAddress,
            ),
            TextButton(
              onPressed: () async {
                final email = _controller.text;
                if (email.trim().isEmpty) {
                  _hint.value = Hint.youForgotToEnterYourEmail.text;
                  await Future.delayed(const Duration(seconds: 2));
                  _hint.value = Hint.pleaseEnterYourEmail.text;
                }
              },
              child: const Text('Log in'),
            )
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Object to Integer in Dart



enum ToIntStrategy { round, floor, ceil }

typedef ToIntOnErrorHandler = int Function(Object e);

extension ToInt on Object {
  int toInteger({
    ToIntStrategy strategy = ToIntStrategy.round,
    ToIntOnErrorHandler? onError,
  }) {
    try {
      final doubleValue = double.parse(toString());
      switch (strategy) {
        case ToIntStrategy.round:
          return doubleValue.round();
        case ToIntStrategy.floor:
          return doubleValue.floor();
        case ToIntStrategy.ceil:
          return doubleValue.ceil();
      }
    } catch (e) {
      if (onError != null) {
        return onError(e);
      } else {
        return -1;
      }
    }
  }
}

void testIt() {
  assert('xyz'.toInteger(onError: (_) => 100) == 100);
  assert(1.5.toInteger() == 2);
  assert(1.6.toInteger() == 2);
  assert('1.2'.toInteger(strategy: ToIntStrategy.floor) == 1);
  assert('1.2'.toInteger(strategy: ToIntStrategy.ceil) == 2);
  assert('1.5'.toInteger(strategy: ToIntStrategy.round) == 2);
}

Image Opacity in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation<double> _opacity;

  @override
  void initState() {
    _controller = AnimationController(
      vsync: this,
      duration: const Duration(seconds: 1),
    );
    _opacity = Tween(begin: 0.0, end: 1.0).animate(_controller);
    super.initState();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Column(
        children: [
          Image.network(
            'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
            opacity: _opacity,
          ),
          Slider(
            value: _controller.value,
            onChanged: (value) {
              setState(() => _controller.value = value);
            },
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }
}

Covariant in Dart

// Want to support my work 🤝? https://buymeacoffee.com/vandad

class Person {
  final String name;
  const Person(this.name);
  @override
  bool operator ==(Object other) {
    if (other is! Person) throw ArgumentError('Was expecting a person');
    return other.name == name;
  }

  @override
  int get hashCode => name.hashCode;
}

class Person {
  final String name;
  const Person(this.name);
  @override
  bool operator ==(covariant Person other) => other.name == name;

  @override
  int get hashCode => name.hashCode;
}

Custom Errors in Streams in Dart



class Either<V, E extends Exception> {
  final V? value;
  final E? error;

  const Either({this.value, this.error}) : assert((value ?? error) != null);

  bool get isError => error != null;
  bool get isValue => value != null;

  @override
  String toString() {
    if (value != null) {
      return "Value: $value";
    } else if (error != null) {
      return "Error: $error";
    } else {
      return 'Unknown state';
    }
  }
}

class DateTimeException implements Exception {
  final String reason;
  const DateTimeException({required this.reason});
}

Stream<Either<DateTime, DateTimeException>> getDateTime() async* {
  var index = 0;
  while (true) {
    if (index % 2 == 0) {
      yield Either(value: DateTime.now());
    } else {
      yield const Either(
        error: DateTimeException(reason: 'Something is wrong!'),
      );
    }
    index += 1;
  }
}

void testIt() async {
  await for (final value in getDateTime()) {
    dev.log(value.toString());
  }
}

Shake Animation in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

const animationWidth = 10.0;

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final TextEditingController _textController;
  late final AnimationController _animationController;
  late final Animation<double> _offsetAnim;
  final defaultHintText = 'Please enter your email here 😊';
  var _hintText = '';

  @override
  void initState() {
    _hintText = defaultHintText;
    _textController = TextEditingController();
    _animationController = AnimationController(
      duration: const Duration(milliseconds: 370),
      vsync: this,
    );
    _offsetAnim = Tween(
      begin: 0.0,
      end: animationWidth,
    ).chain(CurveTween(curve: Curves.elasticIn)).animate(
          _animationController,
        )..addStatusListener(
        (status) {
          if (status == AnimationStatus.completed) {
            _animationController.reverse();
          }
        },
      );
    super.initState();
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _textController.dispose();
    _animationController.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Shake Animation in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Column(
          children: [
            AnimatedBuilder(
              animation: _offsetAnim,
              builder: (context, child) {
                return Container(
                  margin: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(
                    horizontal: animationWidth,
                  ),
                  padding: EdgeInsets.only(
                    left: _offsetAnim.value + animationWidth,
                    right: animationWidth - _offsetAnim.value,
                  ),
                  child: TextField(
                    controller: _textController,
                    keyboardType: TextInputType.emailAddress,
                    decoration: InputDecoration(
                      hintText: _hintText,
                    ),
                  ),
                );
              },
            ),
            TextButton(
                onPressed: () async {
                  if (_textController.text.isEmpty) {
                    setState(() {
                      _hintText = 'You forgot to enter your email 🥲';
                      _animationController.forward(from: 0.0);
                    });
                    await Future.delayed(const Duration(seconds: 3));
                    setState(() {
                      _hintText = defaultHintText;
                    });
                  }
                },
                child: const Text('Login'))
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Throw Enums in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as dev show log;

enum Exceptions { invalidUserName, invalidPassword }

void thisMethodThrows() {
  throw Exceptions.invalidPassword;
}

void testIt() {
  try {
    thisMethodThrows();
  } on Exceptions catch (e) {
    switch (e) {
      case (Exceptions.invalidUserName):
        dev.log("Invalid user name");
        break;
      case (Exceptions.invalidPassword):
        dev.log("Invalid password");
        break;
    }
  }
}

Future Error Test in Flutter



import 'dart:developer' as dev show log;

@immutable
abstract class UserException implements Exception {}

class InvalidUserNameException extends UserException {}

class InvalidUserAgeException extends UserException {}

@immutable
class User {
  final String name;
  final int age;
  User({required this.name, required this.age}) {
    if (!name.contains(RegExp(r'^[a-z ]+$'))) {
      throw InvalidUserNameException();
    } else if (age < 0 || age > 130) {
      throw InvalidUserAgeException();
    }
  }
  const User.anonymous()
      : name = 'Anonymous User',
        age = 0;
}

Future<User> getAsyncUser() => Future.delayed(
      const Duration(seconds: 1),
      () => User(name: 'Foo', age: 20),
    );

void testIt() async {
  final user = await getAsyncUser()
      .catchError(
        handleInvalidUsernameException,
        test: (e) => e is InvalidUserNameException,
      )
      .catchError(
        handleInvalidAgeException,
        test: (e) => e is InvalidUserAgeException,
      );
  dev.log(user.toString());
}

User handleInvalidUsernameException(Object? e) {
  dev.log(e.toString());
  return const User.anonymous();
}

User handleInvalidAgeException(Object? e) {
  dev.log(e.toString());
  return const User.anonymous();
}

Generic URL Retrieval in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as dev show log;

typedef StatusCodeResultBuilder<T> = Future<T> Function(
  int statusCode,
  HttpClientResponse response,
);

extension Get on Uri {
  Future<T?> getBody<T>({
    StatusCodeResultBuilder<T>? statusBuilder,
    T Function(Object error)? onNetworkError,
  }) async {
    try {
      final apiCall = await HttpClient().getUrl(this);
      final response = await apiCall.close();
      final builder = statusBuilder;
      if (builder == null) {
        final data = await response.transform(convert.utf8.decoder).join();
        if (data is T) {
          return data as T?;
        } else {
          return null;
        }
      } else {
        final result = await builder(response.statusCode, response);
        return result;
      }
    } catch (e) {
      if (onNetworkError != null) {
        return onNetworkError(e);
      } else {
        return null;
      }
    }
  }
}

extension ToUri on String {
  Uri toUri() => Uri.parse(this);
}

const url = 'https://bit.ly/3EKWcLa';

void testIt() async {
  final json = await url.toUri().getBody<String>(
    statusBuilder: (statusCode, response) async {
      if (statusCode == 200) {
        return await response.transform(convert.utf8.decoder).join();
      } else {
        return "{'error': 'Unexpected status code $statusCode'}";
      }
    },
    onNetworkError: (error) {
      return "{'error': 'Got network error'}";
    },
  );
  if (json != null) {
    dev.log(json);
  }
}

Custom Error Widget in Flutter



class MyErrorWidget extends StatelessWidget {
  final String text;
  const MyErrorWidget({Key? key, required this.text}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: SizedBox(
        width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
        child: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
          child: Column(
            mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.start,
            children: [
              Image.network('https://bit.ly/3gHlTCU'),
              Text(
                text,
                textAlign: TextAlign.center,
                style: const TextStyle(
                  color: Colors.red,
                ),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

void main() {
  ErrorWidget.builder = (FlutterErrorDetails details) {
    bool isInDebugMode = false;
    assert(() {
      isInDebugMode = true;
      return true;
    }());
    final message = details.exception.toString();
    if (isInDebugMode) {
      return MyErrorWidget(text: message);
    } else {
      return Text(
        message,
        textAlign: TextAlign.center,
      );
    }
  };

  runApp(
    const MaterialApp(
      home: HomePage(),
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
    ),
  );
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Error Widget in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Builder(
        builder: (context) {
          throw Exception(
              'Here is an exception that is caught by our custom Error Widget in Flutter');
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

Handle Multiple Future Errors in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as dev show log;

Future<Iterable<T>> waitOn<T>(
  Iterable<Future<T>> futures,
  Function onError,
) async {
  List<T> result = [];
  for (final future in futures) {
    final value = await future.catchError(onError);
    result.add(value);
  }
  return result;
}

void testIt() async {
  final f1 = Future.error('First Error');
  final f2 = Future.delayed(const Duration(seconds: 2), () => 10);
  final f3 = Future.error('Second error');
  final f4 = Future.delayed(const Duration(seconds: 2), () => 'Hello world');
  final result = await waitOn([f1, f2, f3, f4], (error) => -1);
  dev.log(result.toString()); // [-1, 10, -1, Hello world]
}

Future Error Handling in Dart

import 'dart:developer' as dev show log;

extension OnError<T> on Future<T> {
  Future<T> onErrorJustReturn(T value) => catchError((_) => value);
}

Future<bool> isUserRegistered({required String email}) => HttpClient()
    .postUrl(Uri.parse('https://website'))
    .then((req) {
      req.headers.add('email', email);
      return req.close();
    })
    .then((resp) => resp.statusCode == 200)
    .onErrorJustReturn(false);

void testIt() async {
  final isFooRegistered = await isUserRegistered(email: 'foo@flutter.com');
  dev.log(isFooRegistered.toString());
}

String to Toast in Flutter



extension Toast on String {
  Future<void> showAsToast(BuildContext context,
      {required Duration duration}) async {
    final scaffold = ScaffoldMessenger.of(context);
    final controller = scaffold.showSnackBar(
      SnackBar(
        content: Text(this),
        backgroundColor: const Color(0xFF24283b),
        behavior: SnackBarBehavior.floating,
        elevation: 2.0,
        shape: RoundedRectangleBorder(
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(10),
        ),
      ),
    );
    await Future.delayed(duration);
    controller.close();
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: TextButton(
          onPressed: () => 'Hello, World!'.showAsToast(
            context,
            duration: const Duration(seconds: 2),
          ),
          child: const Text('Show the snackbar'),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Waiting in Dart



Future<void> wait(Duration d) async {
  await Future.delayed(d);
}

extension Wait on int {
  Future<void> get seconds => wait(Duration(seconds: this));
  Future<void> get minutes => wait(Duration(minutes: this));
}

void testIt() async {
  await 2.seconds;
  'After 2 seconds'.log();
  await 3.minutes;
  'After 3 minutes'.log();
}

extension Log on Object {
  void log() {
    dev.log(toString());
  }
}

Loading Dialog in Flutter



typedef CloseDialog = void Function();

CloseDialog showLoadingScreen({
  required BuildContext context,
  required String text,
}) {
  final dialog = AlertDialog(
    content: Column(
      mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
      children: [
        const CircularProgressIndicator(),
        const SizedBox(height: 10),
        Text(text),
      ],
    ),
  );
  showDialog(
    context: context,
    barrierDismissible: false,
    builder: (_) => dialog,
  );

  return () => Navigator.of(context).pop();
}

void testIt(BuildContext context) async {
  final closeDialog = showLoadingScreen(
    context: context,
    text: 'Loading data...',
  );
  await Future.delayed(const Duration(seconds: 2));
  closeDialog();
}

Compact Map on Map<K,V> in Dart



const foo = 'foo';
const bar = 'bar';
const baz = 'baz';

const namesAndAges = {
  foo: 20,
  bar: 25,
  baz: 18,
};

const acceptedNames = [
  foo,
  bar,
];

void testIt() {
  final acceptedAges = namesAndAges.compactMap(
    (e) => acceptedNames.contains(e.key) ? e.value : null,
  );
  acceptedAges.log(); // [20, 25]
}

extension CompactMap<T, E> on Map<T, E> {
  Iterable<V> compactMap<V>(V? Function(MapEntry<T, E>) f) sync* {
    for (final entry in entries) {
      final extracted = f(entry);
      if (extracted != null) {
        yield extracted;
      }
    }
  }
}

Query Parameters in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

const host = 'freecurrencyapi.net';
const path = '/api/v2/latest';
const apiKey = 'YOUR_API_KEY';
const baseCurrency = 'sek';
const params = {
  'apiKey': apiKey,
  'base_currency': 'sek',
};

void insteadOfThis() {
  const url = 'https://$host$path?apiKey=$apiKey&base_currency=$baseCurrency';
  url.log();
}

void doThis() {
  final url = Uri.https(host, path, params);
  url.log();
}

extension Log on Object {
  void log() {
    devtools.log(toString());
  }
}

Multiple Gradients in Container in Flutter



typedef GradientContainersBuilder = Map<LinearGradient, Widget?> Function();

class GradientContainers extends StatelessWidget {
  final GradientContainersBuilder builder;

  const GradientContainers({
    Key? key,
    required this.builder,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Stack(
      children: builder().entries.map((mapEntry) {
        final gradient = mapEntry.key;
        final widget = mapEntry.value;
        return GradientContainer(
          gradient: gradient,
          child: widget,
        );
      }).toList(),
    );
  }
}

class GradientContainer extends StatelessWidget {
  final LinearGradient gradient;
  final Widget? child;

  const GradientContainer({Key? key, required this.gradient, this.child})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Positioned.fill(
      child: Container(
        decoration: BoxDecoration(
          gradient: gradient,
        ),
        child: child,
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: GradientContainers(
        builder: () => {
          topLeftToBottomRightGradient: null,
          rightToLeftGradient: null,
          leftToRightGradinet: null,
          bottomRightGradient: Image.network('https://bit.ly/3otHHog'),
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

const transparent = Color(0x00FFFFFF);

const topLeftToBottomRightGradient = LinearGradient(
  begin: Alignment.topLeft,
  end: Alignment.bottomRight,
  colors: [
    Color(0xff2ac3de),
    transparent,
  ],
);

const bottomRightGradient = LinearGradient(
  begin: Alignment.bottomRight,
  end: Alignment.topLeft,
  colors: [
    Color(0xffbb9af7),
    transparent,
  ],
);

const rightToLeftGradient = LinearGradient(
  begin: Alignment.centerRight,
  end: Alignment.centerLeft,
  colors: [
    Color(0xff9ece6a),
    transparent,
  ],
);

const leftToRightGradinet = LinearGradient(
  begin: Alignment.centerLeft,
  end: Alignment.centerRight,
  colors: [
    Color(0xff7dcfff),
    transparent,
  ],
);

void main() {
  runApp(
    const MaterialApp(
      home: HomePage(),
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
    ),
  );
}

Filter on Stream<List<T>> in Dart



import 'dart:developer' as devtools show log;

extension Filter<T> on Stream<List<T>> {
  Stream<List<T>> filter(bool Function(T) where) =>
      map((items) => items.where(where).toList());
}

final Stream<List<int>> allNumbers = Stream.periodic(
  const Duration(seconds: 1),
  (value) => [for (var i = 0; i < value; i++) i],
);

bool isEven(num value) => value % 2 == 0;
bool isOdd(num value) => value % 2 != 0;

extension EvenOdd<E extends num> on Stream<List<E>> {
  Stream<List<E>> get evenNumbers => filter(isEven);
  Stream<List<E>> get oddNumbers => filter(isOdd);
}

void readEvenNumbers() async {
  await for (final evenNumber in allNumbers.evenNumbers) {
    devtools.log('All even numbers: $evenNumber');
  }
}

void readOddNumbers() async {
  await for (final oddNumber in allNumbers.oddNumbers) {
    devtools.log('All odd numbers: $oddNumber');
  }
}

Generic Route Arguments in Flutter

extension GetArgument on BuildContext {
  T? getArgument<T>() {
    final modalRoute = ModalRoute.of(this);
    if (modalRoute != null) {
      final args = modalRoute.settings.arguments;
      if (args != null && args is T) {
        return args as T;
      }
    }
    return null;
  }
}

Generic Dialog in Flutter

typedef DialogOptionBuilder<T> = Map<String, T> Function();

Future<T?> showGenericDialog<T>({
  required BuildContext context,
  required String title,
  required String content,
  required DialogOptionBuilder optionsBuilder,
}) {
  final options = optionsBuilder();
  return showDialog<T>(
    context: context,
    builder: (context) {
      return AlertDialog(
        title: Text(title),
        content: Text(content),
        actions: options.keys.map(
          (optionTitle) {
            final T value = options[optionTitle];
            return TextButton(
              onPressed: () {
                Navigator.of(context).pop(value);
              },
              child: Text(optionTitle),
            );
          },
        ).toList(),
      );
    },
  );
}

Future<bool> showLogOutDialog(BuildContext context) {
  return showGenericDialog<bool>(
    context: context,
    title: 'Log out',
    content: 'Are you sure you want to log out?',
    optionsBuilder: () => {
      'Cancel': false,
      'Log out': true,
    },
  ).then(
    (value) => value ?? false,
  );
}

GitHub API in Flutter



import 'dart:io' show HttpHeaders, HttpClient;
import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'dart:convert' show utf8, json;

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

Future<Iterable<GithubUser>> getGithubFollowers(String accessToken) =>
    HttpClient()
        .getUrl(Uri.parse('https://api.github.com/user/followers'))
        .then((req) {
          req.headers
            ..set(HttpHeaders.authorizationHeader, 'Bearer $accessToken')
            ..set(HttpHeaders.contentTypeHeader, 'application/json');
          return req.close();
        })
        .then((resp) => resp.transform(utf8.decoder).join())
        .then((jsonStr) => json.decode(jsonStr) as List<dynamic>)
        .then(
          (jsonArray) => jsonArray.compactMap((element) {
            if (element is Map<String, dynamic>) {
              return element;
            } else {
              return null;
            }
          }),
        )
        .then(
          (listOfMaps) => listOfMaps.map(
            (map) => GithubUser.fromJson(map),
          ),
        );

class GithubUser {
  final String username;
  final String avatarUrl;

  GithubUser.fromJson(Map<String, dynamic> json)
      : username = json['login'] as String,
        avatarUrl = json['avatar_url'] as String;
}

extension CompactMap<T> on List<T> {
  List<E> compactMap<E>(E? Function(T element) f) {
    Iterable<E> imp(E? Function(T element) f) sync* {
      for (final value in this) {
        final mapped = f(value);
        if (mapped != null) {
          yield mapped;
        }
      }
    }

    return imp(f).toList();
  }
}

const token = 'PUT_YOUR_TOKEN_HERE';

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('GitHub API in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: FutureBuilder(
        future: getGithubFollowers(token),
        builder: (context, snapshot) {
          switch (snapshot.connectionState) {
            case ConnectionState.done:
              final users = (snapshot.data as Iterable<GithubUser>).toList();
              return ListView.builder(
                itemCount: users.length,
                itemBuilder: (context, index) {
                  final user = users[index];
                  return ListTile(
                    title: Text(user.username),
                    leading: CircularAvatar(url: user.avatarUrl),
                  );
                },
              );
            default:
              return const CircularProgressIndicator();
          }
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

void main() {
  runApp(
    const MaterialApp(
      home: HomePage(),
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
    ),
  );
}

ChangeNotifier in Flutter



import 'package:provider/provider.dart';
import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

const allImages = [
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class ImageData {
  final Uint8List imageData;
  const ImageData(this.imageData);
}

class Images extends ChangeNotifier {
  final List<ImageData> _items = [];

  var _isLoading = false;
  bool get isLoading => _isLoading;

  UnmodifiableListView<ImageData> get items => UnmodifiableListView(_items);

  void loadNextImage() async {
    if (_items.length < allImages.length) {
      // time to load more
      _isLoading = true;
      notifyListeners();
      final imageUrl = allImages[_items.length];
      final networkAsset = NetworkAssetBundle(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
      final loaded = await networkAsset.load(imageUrl);
      final bytes = loaded.buffer.asUint8List();
      final imageData = ImageData(bytes);
      _items.insert(0, imageData);
      _isLoading = false;
      notifyListeners();
    } else {
      if (isLoading) {
        _isLoading = false;
        notifyListeners();
      }
    }
  }
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('ChangeNotifier in Flutter'),
        actions: [
          Consumer<Images>(
            builder: (context, value, child) {
              return IconButton(
                onPressed: () {
                  value.loadNextImage();
                },
                icon: const Icon(Icons.add_box_outlined),
              );
            },
          )
        ],
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: Consumer<Images>(
          builder: (context, value, child) {
            final images = value.items;
            final isLoading = value.isLoading;
            return ListView.builder(
              itemBuilder: (context, index) {
                if (index == 0 && isLoading) {
                  return Center(
                    child: Column(
                      children: const [
                        CircularProgressIndicator(),
                        SizedBox(height: 16.0),
                      ],
                    ),
                  );
                } else {
                  final imageIndex = isLoading ? index - 1 : index;
                  final imageData = images[imageIndex].imageData;
                  return Column(
                    children: [
                      RoundedImageWithShadow(imageData: imageData),
                      const SizedBox(height: 16.0),
                    ],
                  );
                }
              },
              itemCount: isLoading ? images.length + 1 : images.length,
            );
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class RoundedImageWithShadow extends StatelessWidget {
  final Uint8List imageData;
  const RoundedImageWithShadow({Key? key, required this.imageData})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20),
        boxShadow: [
          BoxShadow(
            blurRadius: 2,
            color: Colors.black.withAlpha(40),
            spreadRadius: 2,
          ),
        ],
      ),
      child: Image.memory(
        imageData,
        fit: BoxFit.cover,
      ),
    );
  }
}

void main() {
  runApp(
    MaterialApp(
      home: ChangeNotifierProvider(
        create: (_) => Images(),
        child: const HomePage(),
      ),
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
    ),
  );
}

Refresh Indicator in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

const allImages = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  final _images = [allImages.first];

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Refresh Indicator in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: RefreshIndicator(
        onRefresh: () async {
          final nextIndex = _images.length + 1;
          if (nextIndex < allImages.length) {
            setState(() {
              _images.insert(0, allImages[nextIndex]);
            });
          }
        },
        child: ListView.builder(
          physics: const AlwaysScrollableScrollPhysics(),
          padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16),
          itemCount: _images.length,
          itemBuilder: (context, index) {
            final imageUrl = _images[index];
            return Column(
              children: [
                RoundedImageWithShadow(url: imageUrl),
                const SizedBox(height: 16),
              ],
            );
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class RoundedImageWithShadow extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  const RoundedImageWithShadow({Key? key, required this.url}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20),
        boxShadow: [
          BoxShadow(
            blurRadius: 2,
            color: Colors.black.withAlpha(40),
            spreadRadius: 2,
          ),
        ],
      ),
      child: Image.network(url),
    );
  }
}

FlatMap in Dart



extension FlatMap<T> on T? {
  E? flatMap<E>(E? Function(T) f) => this != null ? f(this!) : null;
}

AuthUser? get insteadOfThis {
  final user = FirebaseAuth.instance.currentUser;
  if (user != null) {
    return AuthUser.fromFirebase(user);
  } else {
    return null;
  }
}

AuthUser? get doThis =>
    FirebaseAuth.instance.currentUser.flatMap((u) => AuthUser.fromFirebase(u));

OrientationBuilder in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class RoundedImageWithShadow extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  const RoundedImageWithShadow({Key? key, required this.url}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20),
        boxShadow: [
          BoxShadow(
            blurRadius: 2,
            color: Colors.black.withAlpha(40),
            spreadRadius: 2,
          ),
        ],
      ),
      child: Image.network(url),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: SafeArea(
        child: OrientationBuilder(
          builder: (context, orientation) {
            final int count;
            switch (orientation) {
              case Orientation.portrait:
                count = 2;
                break;
              case Orientation.landscape:
                count = 4;
                break;
            }
            return GridView.count(
              padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
              crossAxisCount: count,
              mainAxisSpacing: 8.0,
              crossAxisSpacing: 8.0,
              children: images
                  .map((url) => RoundedImageWithShadow(url: url))
                  .toList(),
            );
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

final images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3qJ2FCf',
  'https://bit.ly/3Hs9JsV',
  'https://bit.ly/3cfT6Cv',
  'https://bit.ly/30wGnIE',
  'https://bit.ly/3kJYsum',
  'https://bit.ly/3oDoMaJ',
  'https://bit.ly/3FndXQM',
  'https://bit.ly/3ci4i1f',
];

Linear Gradient in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('Linear Gradient in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: const ImageWithShadow(url: 'https://bit.ly/3otHHog'),
    );
  }
}

class ImageWithShadow extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;

  const ImageWithShadow({
    Key? key,
    required this.url,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
      child: Stack(
        children: [
          Positioned.fill(
            child: Container(
              decoration: BoxDecoration(
                boxShadow: [
                  BoxShadow(
                    blurRadius: 10.0,
                    color: Colors.black.withOpacity(0.5),
                    offset: const Offset(0.0, 3.0),
                  )
                ],
                borderRadius: const BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(20)),
                gradient: const LinearGradient(
                  begin: Alignment.topCenter,
                  end: Alignment.bottomCenter,
                  colors: [
                    Color.fromARGB(255, 176, 229, 251),
                    Color.fromARGB(255, 235, 202, 250)
                  ],
                ),
              ),
            ),
          ),
          Image.network(url),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Bloc Text Editing Controller in Flutter

import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:bloc/bloc.dart';
import 'package:flutter_bloc/flutter_bloc.dart';

abstract class Event {
  const Event();
}

class SearchEvent extends Event {
  final String searchString;
  const SearchEvent(this.searchString);
}

class ClearSearch extends Event {}

class SearchBloc extends Bloc<Event, List<String>> {
  static const names = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz'];

  SearchBloc() : super(names) {
    on<Event>((event, emit) {
      if (event is SearchEvent) {
        emit(names
            .where((element) => element.contains(event.searchString))
            .toList());
      } else if (event is ClearSearch) {
        emit(names);
      }
    });
  }
}

class BlocTextEditingController extends TextEditingController {
  SearchBloc? bloc;
  BlocTextEditingController() {
    addListener(() {
      if (text.isEmpty) {
        bloc?.add(ClearSearch());
      } else {
        bloc?.add(SearchEvent(text));
      }
    });
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

const largeStyle = TextStyle(fontSize: 30);

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  late final BlocTextEditingController _controller;

  @override
  void initState() {
    _controller = BlocTextEditingController();
    super.initState();
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    _controller.bloc = BlocProvider.of<SearchBloc>(context);
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Bloc Search in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: BlocBuilder<SearchBloc, List<String>>(
          builder: (context, state) {
            return ListView.builder(
              itemBuilder: (context, index) {
                if (index == 0) {
                  // search field
                  return TextField(
                    decoration: InputDecoration(
                      hintText: 'Enter search term here...',
                      hintStyle: largeStyle,
                    ),
                    style: largeStyle,
                    controller: _controller,
                  );
                } else {
                  final name = state[index - 1];
                  return ListTile(
                    title: Text(
                      name,
                      style: largeStyle,
                    ),
                  );
                }
              },
              itemCount: state.length + 1, // +1 for search
            );
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Blurred TabBar in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

const images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class CustomTabBar extends StatelessWidget {
  final List<IconButton> buttons;

  const CustomTabBar({Key? key, required this.buttons}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Align(
      alignment: Alignment.bottomCenter,
      child: ClipRect(
        child: Container(
          height: 80,
          color: Colors.white.withOpacity(0.4),
          child: BackdropFilter(
            filter: ImageFilter.blur(sigmaX: 4.0, sigmaY: 4.0),
            child: Container(
              width: double.infinity,
              decoration: BoxDecoration(
                color: Colors.white.withOpacity(0.5),
              ),
              child: Padding(
                padding: const EdgeInsets.only(bottom: 15),
                child: Row(
                  crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.center,
                  mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceAround,
                  children: buttons,
                ),
              ),
            ),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

const summerIcon = Icon(
  Icons.surfing,
  size: 40.0,
  color: Colors.teal,
);

const autumnIcon = Icon(
  Icons.nature_outlined,
  size: 40.0,
  color: Colors.black45,
);

const winterIcon = Icon(
  Icons.snowboarding,
  size: 40.0,
  color: Colors.black45,
);

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Blurred Tab Bar'),
      ),
      body: Stack(
        children: [
          ListView.builder(
            itemCount: images.length,
            itemBuilder: (context, index) {
              final url = images[index];
              return Image.network(url);
            },
          ),
          CustomTabBar(
            buttons: [
              IconButton(
                icon: summerIcon,
                onPressed: () {
                  // implement me
                },
              ),
              IconButton(
                icon: autumnIcon,
                onPressed: () {
                  // implement me
                },
              ),
              IconButton(
                icon: winterIcon,
                onPressed: () {
                  // implement me
                },
              )
            ],
          )
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Play YouTube in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:webview_flutter/webview_flutter.dart';

const videoIds = [
  'BHACKCNDMW8',
  '26h9hBZFl7w',
  'glENND73k4Q',
  'd0tU18Ybcvk',
];

class VideoView extends StatelessWidget {
  final String videoId;
  final _key = UniqueKey();

  VideoView({required this.videoId});

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Watch a Video'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: Container(
          height: 232.0,
          child: WebView(
            key: _key,
            initialUrl: 'https://www.youtube.com/embed/$videoId',
            javascriptMode: JavascriptMode.unrestricted,
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class YouTubeVideoThumbnail extends StatelessWidget {
  final String videoId;
  final String thumbnailUrl;

  const YouTubeVideoThumbnail({Key? key, required this.videoId})
      : thumbnailUrl = 'https://img.youtube.com/vi/$videoId/maxresdefault.jpg',
        super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return GestureDetector(
      onTap: () {
        Navigator.of(context).push(
          MaterialPageRoute(
            builder: (_) => VideoView(videoId: videoId),
          ),
        );
      },
      child: Container(
        height: 256.0,
        clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
        decoration: BoxDecoration(
          boxShadow: [
            BoxShadow(
              blurRadius: 10.0,
              color: Colors.black.withAlpha(50),
              spreadRadius: 10.0,
            ),
          ],
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20),
          image: DecorationImage(
            fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
            image: NetworkImage(thumbnailUrl),
          ),
        ),
        child: Center(
          child: Icon(
            Icons.play_arrow,
            color: Colors.white,
            size: 100.0,
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('YouTube Videos in Flutter')),
      body: ListView.builder(
        itemCount: videoIds.length,
        itemBuilder: (context, index) {
          final videoId = videoIds[index];
          return Padding(
            padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
            child: YouTubeVideoThumbnail(videoId: videoId),
          );
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

ListView Background in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class ListItem {
  const ListItem();
  factory ListItem.emptyTile() => EmptyTile();
  factory ListItem.tile(
    String title,
    String subTitle,
  ) =>
      Tile(
        title,
        subTitle,
      );
}

class Tile extends ListItem {
  final String title;
  final String subTitle;
  const Tile(this.title, this.subTitle) : super();
}

class EmptyTile extends ListItem {}

final items = [
  for (var i = 1; i <= 6; i++) ListItem.tile('Title $i', 'Sub title $i'),
  ListItem.emptyTile(),
  for (var i = 7; i <= 12; i++) ListItem.tile('Title $i', 'Sub title $i'),
];

class Background extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;
  const Background({Key? key, required this.child}) : super(key: key);
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20),
        image: DecorationImage(
          fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
          image: NetworkImage('https://bit.ly/3jXSDto'),
        ),
      ),
      child: child,
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Background(
        child: ListView.builder(
          padding: EdgeInsets.zero,
          itemCount: items.length,
          itemBuilder: (context, index) {
            final item = items[index];
            if (item is Tile) {
              return Container(
                color: Colors.grey[200],
                child: ListTile(
                  title: Text(item.title),
                  subtitle: Text(item.subTitle),
                ),
              );
            } else if (item is EmptyTile) {
              return SizedBox(
                height: 450,
              );
            } else {
              throw 'unexpcted item';
            }
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Integer to Binary in Dart

extension ToBinary on int {
  String toBinary(
    int len, {
    int separateAtLength = 4,
    String separator = ',',
  }) =>
      toRadixString(2)
          .padLeft(len, '0')
          .splitByLength(separateAtLength)
          .join(separator);
}

void testIt() {
  assert(1.toBinary(8) == '0000,0001');
  assert(2.toBinary(4) == '0010');
  assert(3.toBinary(16) == '0000,0000,0000,0011');
  assert(255.toBinary(8, separateAtLength: 8) == '11111111');
  assert(255.toBinary(8, separateAtLength: 4) == '1111,1111');
}

extension SplitByLength on String {
  Iterable<String> splitByLength(int len, {String filler = '0'}) sync* {
    final missingFromLength =
        length % len == 0 ? 0 : len - (characters.length % len);
    final expectedLength = length + missingFromLength;
    final src = padLeft(expectedLength, filler);
    final chars = src.characters;
    for (var i = 0; i < chars.length; i += len) {
      yield chars.getRange(i, i + len).toString();
    }
  }
}

Split String by Length in Dart



void testIt() {
  assert('dartlang'
      .splitByLength(5, filler: '💙')
      .isEqualTo(['💙💙dar', 'tlang']));

  assert('0100010'.splitByLength(4).isEqualTo(['0010', '0010']));
  assert('foobar'.splitByLength(3).isEqualTo(['foo', 'bar']));
  assert('flutter'.splitByLength(4, filler: 'X').isEqualTo(['Xflu', 'tter']));
  assert('dart'.splitByLength(5, filler: '').isEqualTo(['dart']));
}

extension SplitByLength on String {
  Iterable<String> splitByLength(int len, {String filler = '0'}) sync* {
    final missingFromLength =
        length % len == 0 ? 0 : len - (characters.length % len);
    final expectedLength = length + missingFromLength;
    final src = padLeft(expectedLength, filler);
    final chars = src.characters;
    for (var i = 0; i < chars.length; i += len) {
      yield chars.getRange(i, i + len).toString();
    }
  }
}

Image Tint in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

enum OverlayColor { brown, orange, yellow, green, blue }

extension Color on OverlayColor {
  MaterialColor get color {
    switch (this) {
      case OverlayColor.blue:
        return Colors.blue;
      case OverlayColor.brown:
        return Colors.brown;
      case OverlayColor.green:
        return Colors.green;
      case OverlayColor.orange:
        return Colors.orange;
      case OverlayColor.yellow:
        return Colors.yellow;
    }
  }
}

extension Title on OverlayColor {
  String get title => toString().split('.').last;
}

extension ToTextButtonWithValue on OverlayColor {
  TextButtonWithValue<OverlayColor> toTextButtonWithValue(
      OnTextButtonWithValuePressed onPressed) {
    return TextButtonWithValue(
      value: this,
      onPressed: onPressed,
      child: Text(title),
    );
  }
}

typedef OnTextButtonWithValuePressed<T> = void Function(T value);

class TextButtonWithValue<T> extends StatelessWidget {
  final T value;
  final OnTextButtonWithValuePressed onPressed;
  final Widget child;
  const TextButtonWithValue({
    Key? key,
    required this.value,
    required this.onPressed,
    required this.child,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return TextButton(
      onPressed: () {
        onPressed(value);
      },
      child: child,
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  OverlayColor? _overlayColor;

  ColorFilter? getcolorFilter() {
    final overlayColor = _overlayColor;
    if (overlayColor == null) {
      return null;
    }
    return ColorFilter.mode(
      overlayColor.color,
      BlendMode.colorBurn,
    );
  }

  Iterable<Widget> overlayColorButtons() {
    return OverlayColor.values.map((overlayColor) {
      return Expanded(
        flex: 1,
        child: Container(
          child: overlayColor.toTextButtonWithValue(
            (value) {
              setState(() {
                _overlayColor = value;
              });
            },
          ),
        ),
      );
    });
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Tinting Images in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: Column(
          children: [
            Container(
              height: 250.0,
              clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
              decoration: BoxDecoration(
                borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20),
                image: DecorationImage(
                  colorFilter: getcolorFilter(),
                  fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
                  image: NetworkImage('https://bit.ly/3jOueGG'),
                ),
              ),
            ),
            SizedBox(height: 16.0),
            Row(
              children: overlayColorButtons().toList(),
            )
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

SlideTransition in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter/gestures.dart';

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final _controller = AnimationController(
    duration: Duration(milliseconds: 500),
    vsync: this,
  );

  late final _animation = Tween<Offset>(
    begin: Offset(0.0, 0.0),
    end: Offset(-0.83, 0.0),
  ).animate(
    CurvedAnimation(
      parent: _controller,
      curve: Curves.easeInQuint,
    ),
  );

  var _isExpanded = false;

  @override
  void dispose() {
    super.dispose();
    _controller.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    _controller.forward();
    return Scaffold(
      body: SizedBox.expand(
        child: Stack(
          fit: StackFit.passthrough,
          children: [
            Image.network(
              'https://bit.ly/3BWYDbz',
              fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
            ),
            Positioned(
              top: 200.0,
              child: SlideTransition(
                position: _animation,
                child: GestureDetector(
                  onTap: () {
                    _isExpanded = !_isExpanded;
                    if (_isExpanded) {
                      _controller.reverse();
                    } else {
                      _controller.forward();
                    }
                  },
                  child: Box(),
                ),
              ),
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class Box extends StatelessWidget {
  const Box({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        color: Colors.blue[200]?.withAlpha(200),
        border: Border.all(
          color: Colors.blue,
          style: BorderStyle.solid,
          width: 1.0,
        ),
        borderRadius: BorderRadius.only(
          topRight: Radius.circular(10),
          bottomRight: Radius.circular(10),
        ),
      ),
      child: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Row(
          children: [
            Text(
              'By: Jesper Anhede',
              style: TextStyle(
                fontSize: 18.0,
              ),
            ),
            SizedBox(width: 10.0),
            Icon(
              Icons.info,
              color: Colors.pink[400],
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Expansion Panels and Lists in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class Event {
  final String title;
  final String details;
  final String imageUrl;
  bool isExpanded = false;

  Event({
    required this.title,
    required this.details,
    required this.imageUrl,
  });

  @override
  bool operator ==(covariant Event other) => title == other.title;
}

const diwaliDetails =
    '''Diwali, or Dipawali, is India's biggest and most important holiday of the year. The festival gets its name from the row (avali) of clay lamps (deepa) that Indians light outside their homes to symbolize the inner light that protects from spiritual darkness. This festival is as important to Hindus as the Christmas holiday is to Christians.''';

const halloweenDetails =
    '''Halloween or Hallowe'en, less commonly known as Allhalloween, All Hallows' Eve, or All Saints' Eve, is a celebration observed in many countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows' Day.''';

final events = [
  Event(
    title: 'Diwali',
    details: diwaliDetails,
    imageUrl: 'https://bit.ly/3mGg8YW',
  ),
  Event(
    title: 'Halloween',
    details: halloweenDetails,
    imageUrl: 'https://bit.ly/3wb1w7j',
  ),
];

extension ToPanel on Event {
  ExpansionPanel toPanel() {
    return ExpansionPanel(
      headerBuilder: (context, isExpanded) {
        return Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
          child: Text(
            title,
            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 30.0),
          ),
        );
      },
      isExpanded: isExpanded,
      body: Container(
        height: 250,
        width: double.infinity,
        decoration: BoxDecoration(
          image: DecorationImage(
            fit: BoxFit.fitWidth,
            colorFilter: ColorFilter.mode(
              Colors.black.withOpacity(0.5),
              BlendMode.luminosity,
            ),
            image: NetworkImage(imageUrl),
          ),
        ),
        child: SingleChildScrollView(
          child: Padding(
            padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
            child: Text(
              details,
              textAlign: TextAlign.center,
              style: TextStyle(fontSize: 20, color: Colors.white, shadows: [
                Shadow(
                  blurRadius: 1.0,
                  offset: Offset.zero,
                  color: Colors.black,
                )
              ]),
            ),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Expansion Panels in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: SingleChildScrollView(
        child: ExpansionPanelList(
          children: events.map((e) => e.toPanel()).toList(),
          expansionCallback: (panelIndex, isExpanded) {
            setState(() {
              events[panelIndex].isExpanded = !isExpanded;
            });
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Complete CRUD App in Flutter

//Want to support my work 🤝? https://buymeacoffee.com/vandad

import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:path_provider/path_provider.dart';
import 'package:sqflite/sqflite.dart';
import 'package:path_provider/path_provider.dart'
    show getApplicationDocumentsDirectory;

class Person implements Comparable {
  final int id;
  final String firstName;
  final String lastName;
  const Person(this.id, this.firstName, this.lastName);

  String get fullName => '$firstName $lastName';

  Person.fromData(Map<String, Object?> data)
      : id = data['ID'] as int,
        firstName = data['FIRST_NAME'] as String,
        lastName = data['LAST_NAME'] as String;

  @override
  int compareTo(covariant Person other) => other.id.compareTo(id);

  @override
  bool operator ==(covariant Person other) => id == other.id;

  @override
  String toString() =>
      'Person, ID = $id, firstName = $firstName, lastName = $lastName';
}

class PersonDB {
  final _controller = StreamController<List<Person>>.broadcast();
  List<Person> _persons = [];
  Database? _db;
  final String dbName;
  PersonDB({required this.dbName});

  Future<bool> close() async {
    final db = _db;
    if (db == null) {
      return false;
    }
    await db.close();
    return true;
  }

  Future<bool> open() async {
    if (_db != null) {
      return true;
    }
    final directory = await getApplicationDocumentsDirectory();
    final path = '${directory.path}/$dbName';
    try {
      final db = await openDatabase(path);
      _db = db;

      // create the table if it doesn't exist

      final create = '''CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS PEOPLE (
          ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,
          FIRST_NAME STRING NOT NULL,
          LAST_NAME STRING NOT NULL
        )''';

      await db.execute(create);

      // if everything went fine, we then read all the objects
      // and populate the stream

      _persons = await _fetchPeople();
      _controller.add(_persons);
      return true;
    } catch (e) {
      print('error = $e');
      return false;
    }
  }

  Future<List<Person>> _fetchPeople() async {
    final db = _db;
    if (db == null) {
      return [];
    }

    try {
      // read the existing data if any
      final readResult = await db.query(
        'PEOPLE',
        distinct: true,
        columns: ['ID', 'FIRST_NAME', 'LAST_NAME'],
        orderBy: 'ID',
      );

      final people = readResult.map((row) => Person.fromData(row)).toList();
      return people;
    } catch (e) {
      print('error = $e');
      return [];
    }
  }

  Future<bool> delete(Person person) async {
    final db = _db;
    if (db == null) {
      return false;
    }
    try {
      final deletedCount = await db.delete(
        'PEOPLE',
        where: 'ID = ?',
        whereArgs: [person.id],
      );

      // delete it locally as well

      if (deletedCount == 1) {
        _persons.remove(person);
        _controller.add(_persons);
        return true;
      } else {
        return false;
      }
    } catch (e) {
      print('Error inserting $e');
      return false;
    }
  }

  Future<bool> create(String firstName, String lastName) async {
    final db = _db;
    if (db == null) {
      return false;
    }
    try {
      final id = await db.insert(
        'PEOPLE',
        {
          'FIRST_NAME': firstName,
          'LAST_NAME': lastName,
        },
      );

      final person = Person(id, firstName, lastName);
      _persons.add(person);
      _controller.add(_persons);

      return true;
    } catch (e) {
      print('Error inserting $e');
      return false;
    }
  }

  // uses the person's id to update its first name and last name
  Future<bool> update(Person person) async {
    final db = _db;
    if (db == null) {
      return false;
    }
    try {
      final updatedCount = await db.update(
        'PEOPLE',
        {
          'FIRST_NAME': person.firstName,
          'LAST_NAME': person.lastName,
        },
        where: 'ID = ?',
        whereArgs: [person.id],
      );

      if (updatedCount == 1) {
        _persons.removeWhere((p) => p.id == person.id);
        _persons.add(person);
        _controller.add(_persons);
        return true;
      } else {
        return false;
      }
    } catch (e) {
      print('Error inserting $e');
      return false;
    }
  }

  Stream<List<Person>> all() =>
      _controller.stream.map((event) => event..sort());
}

typedef OnCompose = void Function(String firstName, String lastName);

class ComposeWidget extends StatefulWidget {
  final OnCompose onCompose;

  const ComposeWidget({Key? key, required this.onCompose}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<ComposeWidget> createState() => _ComposeWidgetState();
}

class _ComposeWidgetState extends State<ComposeWidget> {
  final firstNameController = TextEditingController();
  final lastNameController = TextEditingController();

  @override
  void dispose() {
    firstNameController.dispose();
    lastNameController.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      child: Column(children: [
        TextField(
          style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
          decoration: InputDecoration(
            hintText: 'Enter first name',
          ),
          controller: firstNameController,
        ),
        TextField(
          style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
          decoration: InputDecoration(
            hintText: 'Enter last name',
          ),
          controller: lastNameController,
        ),
        TextButton(
          onPressed: () {
            final firstName = firstNameController.text;
            final lastName = lastNameController.text;
            widget.onCompose(firstName, lastName);
          },
          child: Text(
            'Add to list',
            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
          ),
        ),
      ]),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  late final PersonDB _crudStorage;

  @override
  void initState() {
    _crudStorage = PersonDB(dbName: 'db.sqlite');
    _crudStorage.open();
    super.initState();
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _crudStorage.close();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('SQLite in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: StreamBuilder(
        stream: _crudStorage.all(),
        builder: (context, snapshot) {
          switch (snapshot.connectionState) {
            case ConnectionState.active:
            case ConnectionState.waiting:
              if (snapshot.data == null) {
                return Center(child: CircularProgressIndicator());
              }
              final people = snapshot.data as List<Person>;
              return Column(
                children: [
                  ComposeWidget(
                    onCompose: (firstName, lastName) async {
                      await _crudStorage.create(firstName, lastName);
                    },
                  ),
                  Expanded(
                    child: ListView.builder(
                      itemCount: people.length,
                      itemBuilder: (context, index) {
                        final person = people[index];
                        return ListTile(
                          onTap: () async {
                            final update =
                                await showUpdateDialog(context, person);
                            if (update == null) {
                              return;
                            }
                            await _crudStorage.update(update);
                          },
                          title: Text(
                            person.fullName,
                            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
                          ),
                          subtitle: Text(
                            'ID: ${person.id}',
                            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 18),
                          ),
                          trailing: TextButton(
                            onPressed: () async {
                              final shouldDelete =
                                  await showDeleteDialog(context);
                              if (shouldDelete) {
                                await _crudStorage.delete(person);
                              }
                            },
                            child: Icon(
                              Icons.disabled_by_default_rounded,
                              color: Colors.red,
                            ),
                          ),
                        );
                      },
                    ),
                  ),
                ],
              );
            default:
              return Center(child: CircularProgressIndicator());
          }
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

final firstNameController = TextEditingController();
final lastNameController = TextEditingController();

Future<Person?> showUpdateDialog(BuildContext context, Person person) {
  firstNameController.text = person.firstName;
  lastNameController.text = person.lastName;
  return showDialog(
    context: context,
    builder: (context) {
      return AlertDialog(
        content: Column(
          mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
          children: [
            Text('Enter your udpated values here:'),
            TextField(controller: firstNameController),
            TextField(controller: lastNameController),
          ],
        ),
        actions: [
          TextButton(
            onPressed: () {
              Navigator.of(context).pop(null);
            },
            child: Text('Cancel'),
          ),
          TextButton(
            onPressed: () {
              final newPerson = Person(
                person.id,
                firstNameController.text,
                lastNameController.text,
              );
              Navigator.of(context).pop(newPerson);
            },
            child: Text('Save'),
          ),
        ],
      );
    },
  ).then((value) {
    if (value is Person) {
      return value;
    } else {
      return null;
    }
  });
}

Future<bool> showDeleteDialog(BuildContext context) {
  return showDialog(
    context: context,
    builder: (context) {
      return AlertDialog(
        content: Text('Are you sure you want to delete this item?'),
        actions: [
          TextButton(
            onPressed: () {
              Navigator.of(context).pop(false);
            },
            child: Text('No'),
          ),
          TextButton(
            onPressed: () {
              Navigator.of(context).pop(true);
            },
            child: Text('Delete'),
          )
        ],
      );
    },
  ).then(
    (value) {
      if (value is bool) {
        return value;
      } else {
        return false;
      }
    },
  );
}

SQLite Storage in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:path_provider/path_provider.dart';
import 'package:sqflite/sqflite.dart';
import 'package:path_provider/path_provider.dart'
    show getApplicationDocumentsDirectory;

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class Person implements Comparable {
  final int id;
  final String firstName;
  final String lastName;
  const Person(this.id, this.firstName, this.lastName);

  String get fullName => '$firstName $lastName';

  Person.fromData(Map<String, Object?> data)
      : id = data['ID'] as int,
        firstName = data['FIRST_NAME'] as String,
        lastName = data['LAST_NAME'] as String;

  @override
  int compareTo(covariant Person other) => other.id.compareTo(id);
}

typedef OnCompose = void Function(String firstName, String lastName);

class ComposeWidget extends StatefulWidget {
  final OnCompose onCompose;

  const ComposeWidget({Key? key, required this.onCompose}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<ComposeWidget> createState() => _ComposeWidgetState();
}

class _ComposeWidgetState extends State<ComposeWidget> {
  final firstNameController = TextEditingController();
  final lastNameController = TextEditingController();

  @override
  void dispose() {
    firstNameController.dispose();
    lastNameController.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      child: Column(children: [
        TextField(
          style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
          decoration: InputDecoration(
            hintText: 'Enter first name',
          ),
          controller: firstNameController,
        ),
        TextField(
          style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
          decoration: InputDecoration(
            hintText: 'Enter last name',
          ),
          controller: lastNameController,
        ),
        TextButton(
          onPressed: () {
            final firstName = firstNameController.text;
            final lastName = lastNameController.text;
            widget.onCompose(firstName, lastName);
          },
          child: Text(
            'Add to list',
            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
          ),
        ),
      ]),
    );
  }
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  late final Database db;
  bool hasSetUpAlready = false;

  Future<bool> setupDatabase() async {
    if (hasSetUpAlready == false) {
      final directory = await getApplicationDocumentsDirectory();
      final path = '${directory.path}/db.sqlite';
      try {
        db = await openDatabase(path);

        // create the table if it doesn't exist

        final create = '''CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS PEOPLE (
          ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,
          FIRST_NAME STRING NOT NULL,
          LAST_NAME STRING NOT NULL
        )''';

        await db.execute(create);
        hasSetUpAlready = true;
        return true;
      } catch (e) {
        print('error = $e');
        hasSetUpAlready = false;
        return false;
      }
    } else {
      return true;
    }
  }

  Future<List<Person>> fetchPersons() async {
    if (!await setupDatabase()) {
      return [];
    }

    try {
      // read the existing data if any
      final readResult = await db.query(
        'PEOPLE',
        distinct: true,
        columns: ['ID', 'FIRST_NAME', 'LAST_NAME'],
        orderBy: 'ID',
      );

      final people = readResult.map((row) => Person.fromData(row)).toList()
        ..sort();
      return people;
    } catch (e) {
      print('error = $e');
      return [];
    }
  }

  Future<bool> addPerson(String firstName, String lastName) async {
    try {
      await db.insert(
        'PEOPLE',
        {
          'FIRST_NAME': firstName,
          'LAST_NAME': lastName,
        },
      );
      return true;
    } catch (e) {
      print('Error inserting $e');
      return false;
    }
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('SQLite in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: FutureBuilder(
        future: fetchPersons(),
        builder: (context, snapshot) {
          switch (snapshot.connectionState) {
            case ConnectionState.done:
              final people = snapshot.data as List<Person>;
              return Column(
                children: [
                  ComposeWidget(
                    onCompose: (firstName, lastName) async {
                      await addPerson(firstName, lastName);
                      setState(() {});
                    },
                  ),
                  Expanded(
                    child: ListView.builder(
                      itemCount: people.length,
                      itemBuilder: (context, index) {
                        final person = people[index];
                        return ListTile(
                          title: Text(
                            person.fullName,
                            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
                          ),
                          subtitle: Text(
                            'ID: ${person.id}',
                            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 18),
                          ),
                        );
                      },
                    ),
                  ),
                ],
              );
            default:
              return CircularProgressIndicator();
          }
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

Circular Progress with Percentage in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class SizedCircularProgressIndicator extends StatelessWidget {
  final double progress;
  final double width;
  final double height;
  final TextStyle? textStyle;
  const SizedCircularProgressIndicator({
    Key? key,
    this.textStyle,
    required this.progress,
    required this.width,
    required this.height,
  }) : super(key: key);

  TextStyle get style => textStyle ?? TextStyle(fontSize: 30.0);
  int get _progress => (progress * 100.0).toInt();

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Stack(
      alignment: Alignment.center,
      children: [
        Text('$_progress%', style: style),
        SizedBox(
          width: width,
          height: height,
          child: CircularProgressIndicator(
            backgroundColor: Colors.white70,
            value: progress,
            color: Colors.blueAccent,
            strokeWidth: 3.0,
          ),
        ),
      ],
    );
  }
}

const images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: PageView.builder(
        scrollDirection: Axis.horizontal,
        itemCount: images.length,
        itemBuilder: (context, index) {
          return WithBlurredBackground(imageUrl: images[index]);
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

class WithBlurredBackground extends StatelessWidget {
  final String imageUrl;

  const WithBlurredBackground({Key? key, required this.imageUrl})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SizedBox.expand(
      child: Stack(
        alignment: Alignment.center,
        fit: StackFit.passthrough,
        children: [
          SizedBox.expand(
            child: ClipRect(
              child: ImageFiltered(
                imageFilter: ImageFilter.blur(
                  sigmaX: 10.0,
                  sigmaY: 10.0,
                ),
                child: Image.network(
                  imageUrl,
                  fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
                ),
              ),
            ),
          ),
          NetworkImageWithProgress(url: imageUrl),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

class NetworkImageWithProgress extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;

  const NetworkImageWithProgress({Key? key, required this.url})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Image.network(
      url,
      loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
        final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
        final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
        if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
          return SizedCircularProgressIndicator(
            height: 100,
            width: 100,
            progress: bytesLoaded / totalBytes,
          );
        } else {
          return child;
        }
      },
      errorBuilder: (context, error, stackTrace) {
        return Text('Error!');
      },
    );
  }
}

Opening URLs in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:url_launcher/url_launcher.dart';

class Person {
  final String profileUrl;
  final String name;
  final String email;
  final String phoneNumber;
  final String websiteUrl;

  const Person({
    Key? key,
    required this.profileUrl,
    required this.name,
    required this.email,
    required this.phoneNumber,
    required this.websiteUrl,
  });

  Person.vandad()
      : profileUrl = 'https://bit.ly/3jwusS0',
        name = 'Vandad Nahavandipoor',
        email = 'vandad.np@gmail.com',
        phoneNumber = '071234567',
        websiteUrl = 'https://pixolity.se';
}

void open(String url) async {
  if (await canLaunch(url)) {
    await launch(url);
  }
}

class PersonNameView extends StatelessWidget {
  final Person person;
  const PersonNameView(this.person, {Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Text(
      person.name,
      style: TextStyle(
        fontSize: 20,
        fontWeight: FontWeight.bold,
        color: Colors.black,
      ),
    );
  }
}

class PersonEmailView extends StatelessWidget {
  final Person person;
  const PersonEmailView(this.person, {Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return TextButton(
      onPressed: () {
        open('mailto:${person.email}');
      },
      child: Text(
        '💌 Email me',
        style: TextStyle(fontSize: 20.0),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class PersonPhoneView extends StatelessWidget {
  final Person person;
  const PersonPhoneView(this.person, {Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return TextButton(
      onPressed: () {
        open('tel://${person.phoneNumber}');
      },
      child: Text(
        '🤙🏻 Call me',
        style: TextStyle(fontSize: 20.0),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class PersonWebsiteView extends StatelessWidget {
  final Person person;
  const PersonWebsiteView(this.person, {Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return TextButton(
      onPressed: () {
        open(person.websiteUrl);
      },
      child: Text(
        '🌍 Visit my website',
        style: TextStyle(fontSize: 20.0),
      ),
    );
  }
}

const bigText = TextStyle(fontSize: 20.0);

class PersonView extends StatelessWidget {
  final Person person;
  const PersonView({Key? key, required this.person}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
          color: Colors.blue[50],
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(16.0),
          border: Border.all(color: Colors.white, width: 3.0),
          boxShadow: [
            BoxShadow(
              blurRadius: 30.0,
              color: Colors.black.withAlpha(50),
              spreadRadius: 20.0,
            ),
          ]),
      child: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: [
            CircleAvatar(
              radius: 100.0,
              backgroundImage: NetworkImage(person.profileUrl),
            ),
            SizedBox(height: 10),
            PersonNameView(person),
            PersonEmailView(person),
            PersonPhoneView(person),
            PersonWebsiteView(person)
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: SingleChildScrollView(
          child: PersonView(
            person: Person.vandad(),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Commodore 64 Screen in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

const textColor = Color.fromRGBO(156, 156, 247, 1);

class BoxPainter extends CustomPainter {
  final bool isBlinking;
  BoxPainter({required this.isBlinking});

  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Size size) {
    if (isBlinking) {
      final rect = Rect.fromLTWH(
        size.width / 20.0,
        size.height / 2.8,
        size.width / 24.0,
        size.height / 13.0,
      );
      final paint = Paint()..color = textColor;
      canvas.drawRect(rect, paint);
    }
  }

  @override
  bool shouldRepaint(covariant CustomPainter oldDelegate) => true;
}

class ReadyPainter extends CustomPainter {
  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Size size) {
    final textStyle = TextStyle(
      color: textColor,
      fontSize: size.width / 45.0,
      fontFamily: 'C64',
    );
    final span = TextSpan(
      text: 'READY',
      style: textStyle,
    );
    final painter = TextPainter(
      text: span,
      textDirection: TextDirection.ltr,
    );

    painter.layout(
      minWidth: 0,
      maxWidth: size.width,
    );
    final offset = Offset(
      painter.width / 2.0,
      painter.height * 8.0,
    );
    painter.paint(canvas, offset);
  }

  @override
  bool shouldRepaint(covariant CustomPainter oldDelegate) => false;
}

class SubTitlePainter extends CustomPainter {
  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Size size) {
    final textStyle = TextStyle(
      color: textColor,
      fontSize: size.width / 45.0,
      fontFamily: 'C64',
    );
    final span = TextSpan(
      text: '64K RAM SYSTEM 38911 BASIC BYTES FREE',
      style: textStyle,
    );
    final painter = TextPainter(
      text: span,
      textDirection: TextDirection.ltr,
    );

    painter.layout(
      minWidth: 0,
      maxWidth: size.width,
    );
    final offset = Offset(
      size.width - painter.width - (size.width / 11),
      painter.height * 6.0,
    );
    painter.paint(canvas, offset);
  }

  @override
  bool shouldRepaint(covariant CustomPainter oldDelegate) => false;
}

class TitlePainter extends CustomPainter {
  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Size size) {
    final textStyle = TextStyle(
      color: textColor,
      fontSize: size.width / 40.0,
      fontFamily: 'C64',
    );
    final span = TextSpan(
      text: '**** COMMODORE 64 BASIC V2 ****',
      style: textStyle,
    );
    final painter = TextPainter(
      text: span,
      textDirection: TextDirection.ltr,
    );

    painter.layout(
      minWidth: 0,
      maxWidth: size.width,
    );
    final offset = Offset(
      size.width - painter.width - (size.width / 9),
      size.height / 6,
    );
    painter.paint(canvas, offset);
  }

  @override
  bool shouldRepaint(covariant CustomPainter oldDelegate) => false;
}

class BackgroundPainter extends CustomPainter {
  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Size size) {
    final border = size.width / 20.0;

    final color = Color.fromRGBO(
      58,
      57,
      213,
      1,
    );

    final paint = Paint()..color = color;

    final rect = Rect.fromLTWH(
      border,
      border,
      size.width - (border * 2.0),
      size.height - (border * 2.0),
    );

    canvas.drawRect(rect, paint);
  }

  @override
  bool shouldRepaint(covariant CustomPainter oldDelegate) => false;
}

class BorderPainter extends CustomPainter {
  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Size size) {
    final paint = Paint()..color = textColor;
    final rect = Rect.fromLTWH(
      0.0,
      0.0,
      size.width,
      size.height,
    );

    canvas.drawRect(rect, paint);
  }

  @override
  bool shouldRepaint(covariant CustomPainter oldDelegate) => false;
}

class Commodore64Painter extends CustomPainter {
  final bool isBlinking;

  late final List<CustomPainter> painters;

  Commodore64Painter({required this.isBlinking}) {
    painters = [
      BorderPainter(),
      BackgroundPainter(),
      TitlePainter(),
      SubTitlePainter(),
      ReadyPainter(),
      BoxPainter(isBlinking: isBlinking)
    ];
  }

  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Size size) {
    painters.forEach(
      (p) => p.paint(
        canvas,
        size,
      ),
    );
  }

  @override
  bool shouldRepaint(covariant CustomPainter oldDelegate) => painters
      .map((p) => p.shouldRepaint(oldDelegate))
      .reduce((p1, p2) => p1 || p2);
}

class Commodore64 extends StatefulWidget {
  const Commodore64({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<Commodore64> createState() => _Commodore64State();
}

class _Commodore64State extends State<Commodore64> {
  bool _isBlinking = false;

  final timer = Stream.periodic(Duration(seconds: 1), (value) => value);

  void _triggerRedraw() async {
    await for (final _ in timer) {
      setState(() {
        _isBlinking = !_isBlinking;
      });
    }
  }

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _triggerRedraw();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return LayoutBuilder(builder: (context, constraints) {
      return Container(
        width: constraints.maxWidth,
        height: constraints.maxWidth / (16.0 / 9.0),
        child: CustomPaint(
          painter: Commodore64Painter(isBlinking: _isBlinking),
        ),
      );
    });
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Commodore64(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Animated Lists in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class NetworkImage extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  const NetworkImage({
    Key? key,
    required this.url,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Image.network(
      url,
      loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
        final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
        final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
        if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
          return LinearProgressIndicator(
            value: bytesLoaded / totalBytes,
          );
        } else {
          return child;
        }
      },
      errorBuilder: (context, error, stackTrace) {
        return Text('Error!');
      },
    );
  }
}

class NetworkImageCard extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  const NetworkImageCard({
    Key? key,
    required this.url,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Center(
      child: Container(
        clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
        decoration: BoxDecoration(
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20.0),
        ),
        child: NetworkImage(
          url: url,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

const imageUrls = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

Stream<String> images() => Stream.periodic(
      Duration(seconds: 3),
      (index) => index % imageUrls.length,
    ).map((index) => imageUrls[index]);

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  final GlobalKey<AnimatedListState> _key = GlobalKey();

  List<String> imageUrls = [];

  void populateList() async {
    await for (final url in images()) {
      imageUrls.insert(0, url);
      _key.currentState?.insertItem(
        0,
        duration: Duration(milliseconds: 400),
      );
    }
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    populateList();
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Animated Lists in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: AnimatedList(
          key: _key,
          initialItemCount: imageUrls.length,
          itemBuilder: (context, index, animation) {
            final imageUrl = imageUrls[index];
            return SizeTransition(
              sizeFactor: animation.drive(
                CurveTween(curve: Curves.elasticInOut),
              ),
              child: Column(
                children: [
                  NetworkImageCard(url: imageUrl),
                  SizedBox(height: 10.0),
                ],
              ),
            );
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

CheckboxListTile in Flutter

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';



enum Item { umbrella, coat, boots }

extension Info on Item {
  String get title {
    switch (this) {
      case Item.umbrella:
        return 'Umbrella';
      case Item.boots:
        return 'Boots';
      case Item.coat:
        return 'Jacket';
    }
  }

  String get icon {
    switch (this) {
      case Item.umbrella:
        return '☂️';
      case Item.boots:
        return '🥾';
      case Item.coat:
        return '🧥';
    }
  }
}

typedef OnChecked = void Function(bool);

class Tile extends StatelessWidget {
  final Item item;
  final bool isChecked;
  final OnChecked onChecked;
  const Tile({
    Key? key,
    required this.item,
    required this.isChecked,
    required this.onChecked,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ConstrainedBox(
      constraints: BoxConstraints(minHeight: 100.0),
      child: Center(
        child: CheckboxListTile(
          shape: ContinuousRectangleBorder(),
          value: isChecked,
          secondary: Text(
            item.icon,
            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 30.0),
          ),
          title: Text(
            item.title,
            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 40.0),
          ),
          onChanged: (value) {
            onChecked(value ?? false);
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  final Set<Item> _enabledItems = {};

  Widget get listView {
    return ListView.builder(
      shrinkWrap: true,
      itemBuilder: (context, index) {
        final item = Item.values[index];
        final isChecked = _enabledItems.contains(item);
        return Tile(
          isChecked: isChecked,
          item: item,
          onChecked: (isChecked) {
            setState(() {
              if (isChecked) {
                _enabledItems.add(item);
              } else {
                _enabledItems.remove(item);
              }
            });
          },
        );
      },
      itemCount: Item.values.length,
    );
  }

  Widget get title {
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      child: Text(
        "Remember to pick all items! It's going to be rainy today!",
        textAlign: TextAlign.center,
        style: TextStyle(fontSize: 40),
      ),
    );
  }

  Widget get readyButton {
    final onPressed = () async {
      // program this
      await showDialog(
        context: context,
        builder: (context) {
          return AlertDialog(
            content: Text('You seem to be ready for a rainy day! ✅'),
            actions: [
              TextButton(
                onPressed: () {
                  Navigator.of(context).pop();
                },
                child: Text('OK'),
              )
            ],
          );
        },
      );
    };

    final isEnabled = _enabledItems.containsAll(Item.values);

    return FractionallySizedBox(
      widthFactor: 0.8,
      child: ElevatedButton(
        onPressed: isEnabled ? onPressed : null,
        child: Text('Ready!'),
      ),
    );
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Checkbox List Tile in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: SingleChildScrollView(
        child: Column(
          children: [
            title,
            listView,
            SizedBox(height: 50.0),
            readyButton,
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

- Operator on String in Dart



extension Minus on String {
  String operator -(String rhs) => replaceAll(rhs, '');
}

void testIt() {
  assert('foo bar' - 'foo ' == 'bar');
  assert('foo bar foo' - 'foo' == ' bar ');
  assert('bar' - 'foo' == 'bar');
  assert('BAR' - 'bar' == 'BAR');
  assert('foo' - 'FOO' == 'foo');
  assert('foobarbaz' - 'bar' == 'foobaz');
}

Dart Progress for Future<T>



import 'dart:io' show stdout;
import 'dart:async' show Future, Stream;

const loadingSequence = ['⢿', '⣻', '⣽', '⣾', '⣷', '⣯', '⣟', '⡿'];
const escape = '\x1B[38;5;';
const color = '${escape}1m';
const textColor = '${escape}6m';

String progress({required int value, required String text}) {
  final progress = '$color${loadingSequence[value % loadingSequence.length]}';
  final coloredText = '$textColor$text';
  return '$progress\t$coloredText';
}

Future<T> performWithProgress<T>({
  required Future<T> task,
  required String progressText,
}) {
  final stream = Stream<String>.periodic(
    Duration(milliseconds: 100),
    (value) => progress(
      value: value,
      text: progressText,
    ),
  );

  final subscription = stream.listen(
    (event) {
      stdout.write('\r $event');
    },
  );

  task.whenComplete(() {
    stdout.write('\r ✅\t$progressText');
    stdout.write('\n');
    subscription.cancel();
  });

  return task;
}

final task1 = Future.delayed(Duration(seconds: 1), () => 'Result 1');
final task2 = Future.delayed(Duration(seconds: 2), () => 'Result 2');
final task3 = Future.delayed(Duration(seconds: 3), () => 'Result 3');

void main(List<String> args) async {
  var result = await performWithProgress(
    task: task1,
    progressText: 'Loading task 1',
  );
  print('\tTask 1 result: $result');
  result = await performWithProgress(
    task: task2,
    progressText: 'Loading task 2',
  );
  print('\tTask 2 result: $result');
  result = await performWithProgress(
    task: task3,
    progressText: 'Loading task 3',
  );
  print('\tTask 3 result: $result');
}

Move Widget Shadows with Animation



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class ImageTransition extends AnimatedWidget {
  final String imageUrl;

  Animation<double> get shadowXOffset => listenable as Animation<double>;

  const ImageTransition(this.imageUrl, {shadowXOffset})
      : super(listenable: shadowXOffset);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20.0),
        boxShadow: [
          BoxShadow(
            blurRadius: 10,
            offset: Offset(shadowXOffset.value, 20.0),
            color: Colors.black.withAlpha(100),
            spreadRadius: -10,
          )
        ],
      ),
      child: Image.network(imageUrl),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<HomePage> createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class CustomCurve extends CurveTween {
  CustomCurve() : super(curve: Curves.easeInOutSine);
  @override
  double transform(double t) {
    return (super.transform(t) - 0.5) * 25.0;
  }
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation<double> _animation;

  @override
  void initState() {
    _controller = AnimationController(
      vsync: this,
      duration: Duration(seconds: 1),
    );
    _animation = CustomCurve().animate(_controller);
    super.initState();
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    _controller.repeat(reverse: true);
    return Scaffold(
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Center(
          child: ImageTransition(
            'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
            shadowXOffset: _animation,
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Gallery with Blurred Backgrounds in Flutter


import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

const images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: PageView.builder(
        scrollDirection: Axis.horizontal,
        itemCount: images.length,
        itemBuilder: (context, index) {
          return WithBlurredBackground(imageUrl: images[index]);
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

class WithBlurredBackground extends StatelessWidget {
  final String imageUrl;

  const WithBlurredBackground({Key? key, required this.imageUrl})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SizedBox.expand(
      child: Stack(
        alignment: Alignment.center,
        fit: StackFit.passthrough,
        children: [
          SizedBox.expand(
            child: ClipRect(
              child: ImageFiltered(
                imageFilter: ImageFilter.blur(
                  sigmaX: 10.0,
                  sigmaY: 10.0,
                ),
                child: Image.network(
                  imageUrl,
                  fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
                ),
              ),
            ),
          ),
          Image.network(imageUrl),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Custom Path Clippers in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

const images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: SingleChildScrollView(
        child: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.only(
            top: 40.0,
            left: 10.0,
            right: 10.0,
          ),
          child: Column(
            children: images
                .map((url) => ElevatedNetworkImage(url: url))
                .expand(
                  (img) => [
                    img,
                    SizedBox(height: 30.0),
                  ],
                )
                .toList(),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class ElevatedNetworkImage extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  const ElevatedNetworkImage({Key? key, required this.url}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return PhysicalShape(
      color: Colors.white,
      clipper: Clipper(),
      elevation: 20.0,
      clipBehavior: Clip.none,
      shadowColor: Colors.white.withAlpha(200),
      child: CutEdges(
        child: Image.network(url),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class Clipper extends CustomClipper<Path> {
  static const variance = 0.2;
  static const reverse = 1.0 - variance;

  @override
  Path getClip(Size size) {
    final path = Path();

    path.moveTo(0.0, size.height * Clipper.variance);
    path.lineTo(size.width * Clipper.variance, 0.0);
    path.lineTo(size.width, 0.0);
    path.lineTo(size.width, size.height * Clipper.reverse);
    path.lineTo(size.width * Clipper.reverse, size.height);
    path.lineTo(0.0, size.height);
    path.lineTo(0.0, size.height * Clipper.variance);
    path.close;
    return path;
  }

  @override
  bool shouldReclip(covariant CustomClipper<Path> oldClipper) => false;
}

class CutEdges extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;

  const CutEdges({Key? key, required this.child}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ClipPath(
      clipper: Clipper(),
      child: child,
    );
  }
}

Frost Effect on Images in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

const images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

final loremIpsum =
    'Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.';

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.fromLTRB(
            8.0,
            0.0,
            8.0,
            0.0,
          ),
          child: SingleChildScrollView(
            child: Column(
              children: images
                  .map(
                    (url) => GlossyNetworkImageWithProgress(
                      url: url,
                      title: 'Image title',
                      description: loremIpsum,
                    ),
                  )
                  .expand(
                    (image) => [
                      image,
                      SizedBox(height: 16.0),
                    ],
                  )
                  .toList(),
            ),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class GlossyNetworkImageWithProgress extends StatefulWidget {
  final String url;
  final String title;
  final String description;

  const GlossyNetworkImageWithProgress(
      {Key? key,
      required this.url,
      required this.title,
      required this.description})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  _GlossyNetworkImageWithProgressState createState() =>
      _GlossyNetworkImageWithProgressState();
}

class _GlossyNetworkImageWithProgressState
    extends State<GlossyNetworkImageWithProgress>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation<double> _animation;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    _controller = AnimationController(
      vsync: this,
      duration: Duration(seconds: 1),
    );

    _animation = Tween(
      begin: 0.0,
      end: 1.0,
    ).animate(_controller);
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final networkImage = Image.network(
      widget.url,
      fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
      frameBuilder: (context, child, frame, wasSynchronouslyLoaded) {
        _controller.reset();
        _controller.forward();
        return FadeTransition(
          opacity: _animation,
          child: CustomBox(
            child: child,
          ),
        );
      },
      loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
        final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
        final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
        if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
          return CustomBox(
            child: CircularProgressIndicator(
              backgroundColor: Colors.white70,
              value: bytesLoaded / totalBytes,
              color: Colors.blue[900],
              strokeWidth: 5.0,
            ),
          );
        } else {
          return child;
        }
      },
      errorBuilder: (context, error, stackTrace) {
        return Text('Error!');
      },
    );

    return BottomGloss(
      networkImage: networkImage,
      title: widget.title,
      description: widget.description,
    );
  }
}

class BottomGloss extends StatelessWidget {
  final String title;
  final String description;

  const BottomGloss(
      {Key? key,
      required this.networkImage,
      required this.title,
      required this.description})
      : super(key: key);

  final Image networkImage;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ClipRRect(
      borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(8.0)),
      child: Stack(
        fit: StackFit.passthrough,
        children: [
          networkImage,
          Container(
            height: 300.0,
            alignment: Alignment.bottomCenter,
            child: ClipRect(
              child: FractionallySizedBox(
                heightFactor: 0.5,
                child: BackdropFilter(
                  filter: ImageFilter.blur(
                    sigmaX: 10.0,
                    sigmaY: 10.0,
                  ),
                  child: BottomContents(
                    title: title,
                    description: description,
                  ),
                ),
              ),
            ),
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

class BottomContents extends StatelessWidget {
  final String title;
  final String description;

  const BottomContents({
    Key? key,
    required this.title,
    required this.description,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      color: Colors.white.withOpacity(0.4),
      child: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: SingleChildScrollView(
          child: Column(
            crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
            children: [
              TitleText(text: title),
              SizedBox(height: 8.0),
              SubTitleText(text: description),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class SubTitleText extends StatelessWidget {
  final String text;
  const SubTitleText({Key? key, required this.text}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Text(
      text,
      style: TextStyle(
        color: Colors.black,
        fontSize: 20.0,
      ),
    );
  }
}

class TitleText extends StatelessWidget {
  final String text;
  const TitleText({Key? key, required this.text}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Text(
      text,
      style: TextStyle(
        color: Colors.white,
        fontSize: 30.0,
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomBox extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;

  const CustomBox({Key? key, required this.child}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SizedBox(
      height: 300.0,
      width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
      child: child is ProgressIndicator ? Center(child: child) : child,
    );
  }
}

Custom Clippers in Flutter

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'dart:math' show min;

const gridImages = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/3jRSRCu',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: GridView.count(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.fromLTRB(8.0, 48.0, 8.0, 48.0),
        crossAxisCount: 2,
        mainAxisSpacing: 8.0,
        crossAxisSpacing: 8.0,
        children: gridImages
            .map((url) => NetworkImageWithProgress(url: url))
            .toList(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CircularClipper extends CustomClipper<Rect> {
  @override
  Rect getClip(Size size) {
    final center = Offset(
      size.width / 2.0,
      size.height / 2.0,
    );
    final minWidthorHeight = min(size.width, size.height);
    return Rect.fromCenter(
      center: center,
      width: minWidthorHeight,
      height: minWidthorHeight,
    );
  }

  @override
  bool shouldReclip(covariant CustomClipper<Rect> oldClipper) => false;
}

class Circular extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;
  const Circular({Key? key, required this.child}) : super(key: key);
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ClipOval(
      clipper: CircularClipper(),
      child: child,
    );
  }
}

class CustomBox extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;

  const CustomBox({Key? key, required this.child}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SizedBox(
      height: 220.0,
      width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
      child: child is ProgressIndicator
          ? Center(child: child)
          : Circular(child: child),
    );
  }
}

class NetworkImageWithProgress extends StatefulWidget {
  final String url;

  const NetworkImageWithProgress({Key? key, required this.url})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  _NetworkImageWithProgressState createState() =>
      _NetworkImageWithProgressState();
}

class _NetworkImageWithProgressState extends State<NetworkImageWithProgress>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation<double> _animation;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    _controller = AnimationController(
      vsync: this,
      duration: Duration(seconds: 1),
    );

    _animation = Tween(
      begin: 0.0,
      end: 1.0,
    ).animate(_controller);
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Image.network(
      widget.url,
      fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
      frameBuilder: (context, child, frame, wasSynchronouslyLoaded) {
        _controller.reset();
        _controller.forward();
        return FadeTransition(
          opacity: _animation,
          child: CustomBox(
            child: child,
          ),
        );
      },
      loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
        final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
        final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
        if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
          return CustomBox(
            child: CircularProgressIndicator(
              backgroundColor: Colors.white70,
              value: bytesLoaded / totalBytes,
              color: Colors.blue[900],
              strokeWidth: 5.0,
            ),
          );
        } else {
          return child;
        }
      },
      errorBuilder: (context, error, stackTrace) {
        return Text('Error!');
      },
    );
  }
}

Check if Website is Up or Down in Dart



class UpStatus {
  final bool isUp;
  final DateTime timestamp;
  const UpStatus(this.isUp, this.timestamp);
}

class Pling {
  final String url;
  final Duration interval;
  const Pling({
    required this.url,
    required this.interval,
  });
  Stream<UpStatus> checkIfUp() =>
      Stream.periodic(interval, (_) => DateTime.now()).asyncExpand(
        (now) => HttpClient()
            .headUrl(Uri.parse(url))
            .then((req) => req..followRedirects = false)
            .then((req) => req.close())
            .then((resp) => resp.statusCode)
            .then((statusCode) => statusCode == 200)
            .onError((error, stackTrace) => false)
            .then((isUp) => UpStatus(isUp, now))
            .asStream(),
      );
}

const oneSecond = Duration(seconds: 1);
const url = 'https://dart.dev';

extension IsOrIsNot on bool {
  String get isOrIsNot => this ? 'is' : 'is not';
}

void testIt() async {
  final pling = Pling(
    url: url,
    interval: oneSecond,
  );
  await for (final upStatus in pling.checkIfUp()) {
    final timestamp = upStatus.timestamp;
    final isUpStr = upStatus.isUp.isOrIsNot;
    print('$url $isUpStr up at $timestamp');
  }
}

Section Titles on ListView in Flutter

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

final List<Section> allSections = [
  Section(
    'Spring',
    [
      'https://cnn.it/3xu58Ap',
      'https://bit.ly/3ueqqC1',
    ],
  ),
  Section(
    'Summer',
    [
      'https://bit.ly/3ojNhLc',
      'https://bit.ly/2VcCSow',
    ],
  ),
  Section(
    'Autumn',
    [
      'https://bit.ly/3ib1TJk',
      'https://bit.ly/2XSpjvq',
    ],
  ),
  Section(
    'Winter',
    [
      'https://bit.ly/3iaQNE7',
      'https://bit.ly/3AY8YE4',
    ],
  ),
];

class Section {
  final String title;
  final List<String> urls;
  const Section(this.title, this.urls);
}

extension ToWidgets on Section {
  Iterable<Widget> toNetworkImageCards() {
    return [
      Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Text(
          title,
          style: TextStyle(
            fontSize: 40,
          ),
        ),
      ),
      ...urls.expand(
        (url) => [
          NetworkImageCard(url: url),
          SizedBox(height: 10),
        ],
      ),
    ];
  }
}

class NetworkImageCard extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  const NetworkImageCard({
    Key? key,
    required this.url,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Center(
      child: Container(
        child: NetworkImageWithProgress(
          url: url,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class NetworkImageWithProgress extends StatefulWidget {
  final String url;

  const NetworkImageWithProgress({Key? key, required this.url})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  _NetworkImageWithProgressState createState() =>
      _NetworkImageWithProgressState();
}

class _NetworkImageWithProgressState extends State<NetworkImageWithProgress>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation<double> _animation;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    _controller = AnimationController(
      vsync: this,
      duration: Duration(seconds: 1),
    );

    _animation = Tween(
      begin: 0.0,
      end: 1.0,
    ).animate(_controller);
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Image.network(
      widget.url,
      fit: BoxFit.fitWidth,
      frameBuilder: (context, child, frame, wasSynchronouslyLoaded) {
        _controller.reset();
        _controller.forward();
        return FadeTransition(
          opacity: _animation,
          child: CustomBox(
            child: child,
          ),
        );
      },
      loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
        final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
        final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
        if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
          return CustomBox(
            child: CircularProgressIndicator(
              backgroundColor: Colors.white70,
              value: bytesLoaded / totalBytes,
              color: Colors.blue[900],
              strokeWidth: 5.0,
            ),
          );
        } else {
          return child;
        }
      },
      errorBuilder: (context, error, stackTrace) {
        return Text('Error!');
      },
    );
  }
}

class CustomBox extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;

  const CustomBox({Key? key, required this.child}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SizedBox(
      height: 220.0,
      width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
      child: child is ProgressIndicator ? Center(child: child) : child,
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: ListView.builder(
        itemBuilder: (context, index) {
          final section = allSections[index];
          return Column(
            crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
            children: section.toNetworkImageCards().toList(),
          );
        },
        itemCount: allSections.length,
      ),
    );
  }
}

Circular Progress in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class CustomBox extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget child;

  const CustomBox({Key? key, required this.child}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SizedBox(
      height: 220.0,
      width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
      child: Center(child: child),
    );
  }
}

class NetworkImageWithProgress extends StatefulWidget {
  final String url;

  const NetworkImageWithProgress({Key? key, required this.url})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  _NetworkImageWithProgressState createState() =>
      _NetworkImageWithProgressState();
}

class _NetworkImageWithProgressState extends State<NetworkImageWithProgress>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation<double> _animation;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    _controller = AnimationController(
      vsync: this,
      duration: Duration(seconds: 1),
    );

    _animation = Tween(
      begin: 0.0,
      end: 1.0,
    ).animate(_controller);
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Image.network(
      widget.url,
      fit: BoxFit.fitWidth,
      frameBuilder: (context, child, frame, wasSynchronouslyLoaded) {
        _controller.reset();
        _controller.forward();
        return FadeTransition(
          opacity: _animation,
          child: CustomBox(
            child: child,
          ),
        );
      },
      loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
        final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
        final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
        if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
          return CustomBox(
            child: CircularProgressIndicator(
              backgroundColor: Colors.white70,
              value: bytesLoaded / totalBytes,
              color: Colors.blue[900],
              strokeWidth: 5.0,
            ),
          );
        } else {
          return child;
        }
      },
      errorBuilder: (context, error, stackTrace) {
        return Text('Error!');
      },
    );
  }
}

final images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
].map((url) => NetworkImageWithProgress(url: url)).expand(
      (element) => [
        element,
        SizedBox(
          height: 10.0,
        )
      ],
    );

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: SingleChildScrollView(
        child: Column(
          children: images.toList(),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Displaying Scroll Wheels in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class FadingNetworkImage extends StatefulWidget {
  final String url;

  const FadingNetworkImage({Key? key, required this.url}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _FadingNetworkImageState createState() => _FadingNetworkImageState();
}

class _FadingNetworkImageState extends State<FadingNetworkImage>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation<double> _animation;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    _controller =
        AnimationController(vsync: this, duration: Duration(seconds: 1));

    _animation = Tween(begin: 0.0, end: 1.0).animate(_controller);
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Image.network(
      widget.url,
      frameBuilder: (context, child, frame, wasSynchronouslyLoaded) {
        _controller.reset();
        _controller.forward();
        return FadeTransition(
          opacity: _animation,
          child: child,
        );
      },
      loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
        final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
        final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
        if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
          return LinearProgressIndicator(
            value: bytesLoaded / totalBytes,
          );
        } else {
          return child;
        }
      },
      errorBuilder: (context, error, stackTrace) {
        return Text('Error!');
      },
    );
  }
}

final images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
].map((i) => NetworkImageCard(url: i));

class NetworkImageCard extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  const NetworkImageCard({
    Key? key,
    required this.url,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Center(
      child: Container(
        clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
        decoration: BoxDecoration(
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(20.0),
          boxShadow: [
            BoxShadow(
              blurRadius: 5,
              offset: Offset(0, 0),
              color: Colors.black.withAlpha(40),
              spreadRadius: 5,
            )
          ],
        ),
        child: FadingNetworkImage(
          url: url,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: ListWheelScrollView(
        itemExtent: 164.0,
        squeeze: 0.9,
        perspective: 0.003,
        children: images.toList(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Post Messages to Slack with Dart



import 'dart:convert' show utf8;
import 'dart:convert' show json;

class SlackMessage {
  final String? inChannel;
  final String? userName;
  final String message;
  final String? iconEmoji;

  const SlackMessage({
    required this.inChannel,
    required this.userName,
    required this.message,
    required this.iconEmoji,
  });

  Future<bool> send(String webhookUrl) async {
    final payload = {
      'text': message,
      if (inChannel != null) 'channel': inChannel!,
      if (userName != null) 'username': userName!,
      if (iconEmoji != null) 'icon_emoji': iconEmoji!
    };

    final request = await HttpClient().postUrl(Uri.parse(webhookUrl));
    final payloadData = utf8.encode(json.encode(payload));
    request.add(payloadData);
    final response = await request.close();
    return response.statusCode == 200;
  }
}

const webhookUrl = 'put your webhook url here';

void testIt() async {
  final message = SlackMessage(
    inChannel: 'dart',
    userName: 'Flutter',
    message: 'Hello from Dart in Terminal',
    iconEmoji: 'blue_heart:',
  );
  if (await message.send(webhookUrl)) {
    print('Successfully sent the message');
  } else {
    print('Could not send the message');
  }
}

Unwrap List<T?>? in Dart



extension Unwrap<T> on List<T?>? {
  List<T> unwrap() => (this ?? []).whereType<T>().toList();
}

void testOptionalListOfOptionals() {
  final List<int?>? optionalListOfOptionals = [1, 2, null, 3, null];
  final unwrapped = optionalListOfOptionals.unwrap(); // List<int>
  print(unwrapped); // prints [1, 2, 3]
}

void testListOfOptionals() {
  final listOfOptionals = [20, 30, null, 40]; // List<int?>
  final unwrapped = listOfOptionals.unwrap(); // List<int>
  print(unwrapped); // prints [20, 30, 40]
}

void testNormalList() {
  final list = [50, 60, 70]; // List<int>
  final unwrapped = list.unwrap(); // List<int>
  print(unwrapped); // prints [50, 60, 70]
}

Avoiding UI Jitters When Switching Widgets in Flutter



const imageUrls = [
  'https://cnn.it/3xu58Ap', // spring
  'https://bit.ly/2VcCSow', // summer
  'https://bit.ly/3A3zStC', // autumn
  'https://bit.ly/2TNY7wi' // winter
];

extension ToNetworkImage<T extends String> on List<T> {
  List<Widget> toNetworkImages() => map((s) => Image.network(s)).toList();
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  State createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var _currentIndex = 0;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('Indexed Stack')),
      body: Center(
        child: Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: [
            IndexedStack(
              index: _currentIndex,
              children: imageUrls.toNetworkImages(),
            ),
            TextButton(
              onPressed: () {
                setState(
                  () {
                    _currentIndex++;
                    if (_currentIndex >= imageUrls.length) {
                      _currentIndex = 0;
                    }
                  },
                );
              },
              child: Text('Go to next season'),
            )
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Detect Redirects in Dart



Future<bool> doesRedirect(String url) => HttpClient()
    .headUrl(Uri.parse(url))
    .then((req) => req..followRedirects = false)
    .then((req) => req.close())
    .then((resp) => resp.statusCode)
    .then((statusCode) => [301, 302, 303, 307, 308].contains(statusCode));

void testIt() async {
  final test1 = await doesRedirect('https://cnn.it/3xu58Ap');
  assert(test1 == true);

  final test2 = await doesRedirect('https://dart.dev');
  assert(test2 == false);

  final test3 = await doesRedirect('https://bit.ly/2VcCSow');
  assert(test3 == true);
}

Proportional Constraints in Flutter



class ProportionalWidthNetworkImage extends StatelessWidget {
  final String url;
  final double widthProportion;

  const ProportionalWidthNetworkImage(
      {Key? key, required this.url, required this.widthProportion})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return LayoutBuilder(
      builder: (context, constraints) {
        return Image.network(
          url,
          loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
            final widget =
                loadingProgress == null ? child : LinearProgressIndicator();
            return Container(
              width: constraints.maxWidth * widthProportion,
              child: widget,
            );
          },
        );
      },
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: ProportionalWidthNetworkImage(
          url: 'https://cnn.it/3xu58Ap',
          widthProportion: 0.8,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Displaying Cupertino Action Sheets in Flutter



import 'package:flutter/cupertino.dart';

enum Season { spring, summer, autumn, winter }

extension Title on Season {
  String get title => describeEnum(this).capitalized;
}

extension Caps on String {
  String get capitalized => this[0].toUpperCase() + substring(1);
}

extension ToWidget on Season {
  Widget toWidget() {
    switch (this) {
      case Season.spring:
        return Image.network('https://cnn.it/3xu58Ap');
      case Season.summer:
        return Image.network('https://bit.ly/2VcCSow');
      case Season.autumn:
        return Image.network('https://bit.ly/3A3zStC');
      case Season.winter:
        return Image.network('https://bit.ly/2TNY7wi');
    }
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

Future<Season> _chooseSeason(
  BuildContext context,
  Season currentSeason,
) async {
  CupertinoActionSheet actionSheet(BuildContext context) {
    return CupertinoActionSheet(
      title: Text('Choose your favorite season:'),
      actions: Season.values
          .map(
            (season) => CupertinoActionSheetAction(
              onPressed: () {
                Navigator.of(context).pop(season);
              },
              child: Text(season.title),
            ),
          )
          .toList(),
      cancelButton: CupertinoActionSheetAction(
        onPressed: () {
          Navigator.of(context).pop(currentSeason);
        },
        child: Text('Cancel'),
      ),
    );
  }

  return await showCupertinoModalPopup(
    context: context,
    builder: (context) => actionSheet(context),
  );
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var _season = Season.spring;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text(_season.title),
      ),
      body: Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
        children: [
          _season.toWidget(),
          TextButton(
            onPressed: () async {
              _season = await _chooseSeason(
                context,
                _season,
              );
              setState(() {});
            },
            child: Text('Choose a season'),
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Rotating List<T> in Dart



extension Rotate<T> on List<T> {
  int _rotationTimes(int places) {
    if (isEmpty) {
      return 0;
    }
    if (places == 0) {
      throw ArgumentError('places should be more than 0');
    }
    return places % length;
  }

  List<T> rotatedRight(int places) {
    final times = _rotationTimes(places);
    if (times == 0) {
      return this;
    } else {
      final cutOff = length - times;
      return sublist(cutOff)..addAll(sublist(0, cutOff));
    }
  }

  List<T> rotatedLeft(int places) {
    final times = _rotationTimes(places);
    if (times == 0) {
      return this;
    } else {
      return sublist(times)..addAll(sublist(0, times));
    }
  }
}

extension Equality<T extends Comparable> on List<T> {
  bool isEqualTo(List<T> other) {
    if (other.length != length) {
      return false;
    }
    for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
      if (other[i] != this[i]) {
        return false;
      }
    }
    return true;
  }
}

const arr = [1, 2, 3];

void testIt() {
  assert(arr.rotatedRight(1).isEqualTo([3, 1, 2]));
  assert(arr.rotatedRight(2).isEqualTo([2, 3, 1]));
  assert(arr.rotatedRight(3).isEqualTo([1, 2, 3]));
  assert(arr.rotatedRight(4).isEqualTo([3, 1, 2]));
  assert(arr.rotatedLeft(1).isEqualTo([2, 3, 1]));
  assert(arr.rotatedLeft(2).isEqualTo([3, 1, 2]));
  assert(arr.rotatedLeft(3).isEqualTo([1, 2, 3]));
  assert(arr.rotatedLeft(4).isEqualTo([2, 3, 1]));
}

Displaying SnackBars in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Hello world'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: TextButton(
          onPressed: () {
            final now = DateFormat('kk:mm:ss').format(DateTime.now());
            ScaffoldMessenger.of(context).removeCurrentSnackBar();
            ScaffoldMessenger.of(context).showSnackBar(
              SnackBar(
                behavior: SnackBarBehavior.floating,
                elevation: 5.0,
                backgroundColor:
                    Colors.blue[600]!.withOpacity(0.8).withAlpha(200),
                shape: RoundedRectangleBorder(
                  borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(10),
                  side: BorderSide(
                    color: Colors.black.withOpacity(0.4),
                    width: 3.0,
                  ),
                ),
                content: Text('Some text $now'),
              ),
            );
          },
          child: Text('Show toast'),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Custom Tab Bar Using ToggleButtons in Flutter



class TabBarButton extends StatelessWidget {
  final IconData icon;
  final double size;

  const TabBarButton({Key? key, required this.icon, this.size = 60.0})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      child: Icon(
        icon,
        size: size,
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Toggle Buttons'),
      ),
      body: Column(
        children: [
          CustomTabBar(),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomTabBar extends StatefulWidget {
  const CustomTabBar({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _CustomTabBarState createState() => _CustomTabBarState();
}

class _CustomTabBarState extends State<CustomTabBar> {
  var _selection = [false, false, false];

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Expanded(
      child: Align(
        alignment: FractionalOffset.bottomCenter,
        child: SafeArea(
          child: ToggleButtons(
            isSelected: _selection,
            onPressed: (index) {
              setState(() {
                _selection = List.generate(
                  _selection.length,
                  (i) => index == i ? true : false,
                );
              });
            },
            selectedColor: Colors.white,
            fillColor: Colors.blue,
            borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(10.0),
            borderWidth: 4.0,
            borderColor: Colors.blue[400],
            selectedBorderColor: Colors.blue,
            highlightColor: Colors.blue.withOpacity(0.2),
            children: [
              TabBarButton(icon: Icons.settings),
              TabBarButton(icon: Icons.add),
              TabBarButton(icon: Icons.settings_remote)
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Hashable Mixins in Dart



enum PetType { cat, dog }

mixin Pet {
  String get name;
  int get age;
  PetType get type;
  @override
  String toString() => 'Pet ($type), name = $name, age = $age';
  @override
  int get hashCode => hashValues(name, age, type);
  @override
  bool operator ==(covariant Pet o) => o.hashCode == hashCode;
}

class Cat with Pet {
  @override
  final String name;
  @override
  final int age;
  @override
  final PetType type;
  const Cat({required this.name, required this.age}) : type = PetType.cat;
}

void testIt() {
  final cats = <Cat>{
    Cat(name: 'Kitty 1', age: 2),
    Cat(name: 'Kitty 2', age: 3),
    Cat(name: 'Kitty 1', age: 2),
  };
  cats.forEach(print);
  /* 👆🏻 prints the following:
  Pet (PetType.cat), name = Kitty 1, age = 2
  Pet (PetType.cat), name = Kitty 2, age = 3
  */
}

Flutter Tips and Tricks in Terminal



import 'dart:convert' show utf8;
import 'dart:io' show HttpClient, exit, Process, stderr;
import 'dart:math' show Random;

const rawBlobRoot =
    'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vandadnp/flutter-tips-and-tricks/main/';

void main(List<String> args) async {
  final url = Uri.https('bit.ly', '/2V1GKsC');
  try {
    final client = HttpClient();
    final images = await client
        .getUrl(url)
        .then((req) => req.close())
        .then((resp) => resp.transform(utf8.decoder).join())
        .then((body) => body.split('\n').map((e) => e.trim()))
        .then((iter) => iter.toList())
        .then((list) => list..retainWhere((s) => s.endsWith('.jpg)')))
        .then((imageList) => imageList.map((e) => e.replaceAll('![](', '')))
        .then((imageList) => imageList.map((e) => e.replaceAll(')', '')))
        .then((iter) => iter.toList());

    final found = images[Random().nextInt(images.length)];
    final result = '$rawBlobRoot$found';
    await Process.run('open', [result]);
    exit(0);
  } catch (e) {
    stderr.writeln('Could not proceed due to $e');
    exit(1);
  }
}

Searching List<List<T>> in Dart



const arr1 = [1, 2, 3];
const arr2 = [4, 5, 6];
const arr3 = [7, 8, 9];
const arr = [arr1, arr2, arr3];

extension FlattenFind<T extends Comparable> on Iterable<Iterable<T>> {
  bool containsElement(T value) {
    for (final arr in this) {
      if (arr.contains(value)) {
        return true;
      }
    }
    return false;
  }
}

void testIt() {
  assert(arr.containsElement(2));
  assert(arr.containsElement(8));
  assert(!arr.containsElement(10));
  assert(!arr.containsElement(10));
}

Cloning Objects in Dart



class Person {
  final Map<String, Object> _values;
  static const FIRST_NAME_KEY = 'FIRST_NAME';
  static const LAST_NAME_KEY = 'LAST_NAME';

  Person.from(Map<String, Object> props) : _values = props;

  Person({
    required String firstName,
    required String lastName,
    Map<String, Object>? props,
  }) : _values = {
          FIRST_NAME_KEY: firstName,
          LAST_NAME_KEY: lastName,
        };

  @override
  bool operator ==(covariant Person other) =>
      other.firstName == firstName && other.lastName == lastName;

  @override
  String toString() => _values.toString();
}

extension Properties on Person {
  String get firstName => _values[Person.FIRST_NAME_KEY].toString();
  set firstName(String newValue) => _values[Person.FIRST_NAME_KEY] = newValue;

  String get lastName => _values[Person.LAST_NAME_KEY].toString();
  set lastName(String newValue) => _values[Person.LAST_NAME_KEY] = newValue;
}

extension Clone on Person {
  Person clone([Map<String, Object>? additionalProps]) =>
      Person.from(Map.from(_values)..addAll(additionalProps ?? {}));
}

extension Subscripts on Person {
  Object? operator [](String key) => _values[key];
  operator []=(String key, Object value) => _values[key] = value;
}

void testIt() {
  final foo = Person(
    firstName: 'Foo Firstname',
    lastName: 'Foo Lastname',
  );
  print(foo); // {FIRST_NAME: Foo Firstname, LAST_NAME: Foo Lastname}
  final copyOfFoo = foo.clone();
  print(copyOfFoo); // {FIRST_NAME: Foo Firstname, LAST_NAME: Foo Lastname}
  final bar = foo.clone({'age': 30});
  print(bar); // {FIRST_NAME: Foo Firstname, LAST_NAME: Foo Lastname, age: 30}
  assert(foo == copyOfFoo);
  assert(foo == bar);
  assert(foo['age'] == null);
  assert(copyOfFoo['age'] == null);
  assert(bar['age'] == 30);
}

Color Filters in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var sliderValue = 0.0;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Color Filters in Flutter!'),
      ),
      body: Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
        children: [
          ColorFiltered(
            colorFilter: ColorFilter.mode(
              Colors.orange.withOpacity(sliderValue),
              BlendMode.colorBurn,
            ),
            child: Image.network('https://tinyurl.com/4vtvh35h'),
          ),
          Slider(
            value: sliderValue,
            onChanged: (value) {
              setState(() {
                sliderValue = value;
              });
            },
          )
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Flattening Lists in Dart



class Person {
  final String name;
  const Person(this.name);
  @override
  String toString() => 'Person: $name';
}

class House {
  final List<Person>? tennants;
  final List<Person> builders;
  const House({
    required this.tennants,
    required this.builders,
  });
}

const houses = [
  House(tennants: null, builders: [
    Person('Builder 1'),
  ]),
  House(tennants: [
    Person('Tennant 1'),
    Person('Tennant 2'),
  ], builders: [
    Person('Builder 3')
  ]),
];

extension OptionalFlattend<T> on Iterable<List<T>?> {
  Iterable<T> flattened() => expand((e) => e ?? []);
}

void testOptionalFlatten() {
  final allTennants = houses.map((h) => h.tennants).flattened();
  print(allTennants); // Person: Tennant 1, Person: Tennant 2
}

extension Flattend<T> on Iterable<List<T>> {
  Iterable<T> flattened() => expand((e) => e);
}

void testNonOptionalFlatten() {
  final allBuilders = houses.map((h) => h.builders).flattened();
  print(allBuilders); // Person: Builder 1, Person: Builder 2
}

void testIt() {
  testOptionalFlatten();
  testNonOptionalFlatten();
}

Managing Duplicates in List<T> in Dart



extension Duplicates<T> on List<T> {
  void addAllByAvoidingDuplicates(Iterable<T> values) =>
      replaceRange(0, length, {
        ...([...this] + [...values])
      });

  int get numberOfDuplicates => length - {...this}.length;

  bool get containsDuplicates => numberOfDuplicates > 0;

  List<T> get uniques => [
        ...{...this}
      ];

  void removeDuplicates() => replaceRange(
        0,
        length,
        uniques,
      );

  List<T> get duplicates => [
        for (var i = 0; i < length; i++)
          [...this].skip(i + 1).contains(this[i]) ? this[i] : null
      ].whereType<T>().toList();
}

void testIt() {
  final values = [3, 2, 10, 30, 40, 30, 100, 10];

  assert(values.numberOfDuplicates == 2);
  assert(values.containsDuplicates == true);

  assert(values.uniques.length == values.length - 2);
  print(values.uniques); // [3, 2, 10, 30, 40, 100]

  values.removeDuplicates();
  print(values); // [3, 2, 10, 30, 40, 100]

  assert(values.numberOfDuplicates == 0);
  assert(!values.containsDuplicates);
  assert(values.duplicates.isEmpty);

  values.addAllByAvoidingDuplicates([3, 2, 10, 200]);
  print(values); // [3, 2, 10, 30, 40, 100, 200]
  assert(values.containsDuplicates == false);
}

FlatMap and CompactMap in Dart



extension CompactMap<T> on List<T> {
  List<E> compactMap<E>(E? Function(T element) f) {
    Iterable<E> imp(E? Function(T element) f) sync* {
      for (final value in this) {
        final mapped = f(value);
        if (mapped != null) {
          yield mapped;
        }
      }
    }

    return imp(f).toList();
  }
}

extension FlatMap<T> on T? {
  E? flatMap<E>(E? Function(T value) f) {
    if (this != null) {
      return f(this!);
    } else {
      return null;
    }
  }
}

void testIt() {
  final foo = [1, 2, null, 3, null, 4];
  final bar = foo.compactMap((element) => element.flatMap((e) => e * 2));
  print(bar); // prints 2, 4, 6, 8
}

Equality of List<T> in Dart



extension Equality<T extends Comparable> on List<T> {
  bool isEqualTo(List<T> other) {
    if (other.length != length) {
      return false;
    }
    for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
      if (other[i] != this[i]) {
        return false;
      }
    }
    return true;
  }
}

int ascendingComparator<T extends Comparable>(T lhs, T rhs) =>
    lhs.compareTo(rhs);
int descendingComparator<T extends Comparable>(T lhs, T rhs) =>
    rhs.compareTo(lhs);

extension Sorted<T extends Comparable> on List<T> {
  List<T> sorted({bool descending = false}) => descending
      ? ([...this]..sort(descendingComparator))
      : ([...this]..sort(ascendingComparator));
}

void testIt() {
  assert([1, 2, 3].isEqualTo([1, 2, 3]));
  assert(![1, 2, 3].isEqualTo([1, 2, 2]));
  assert([3, 1, 2].sorted().isEqualTo([1, 2, 3]));
  assert(![3, 1, 2].sorted().isEqualTo([3, 1, 2]));
  assert(['Foo', 'Bar', 'Baz'].isEqualTo(['Foo', 'Bar', 'Baz']));
  assert(!['Foo', 'Bar', 'Baz'].isEqualTo(['foo', 'Bar', 'Baz']));
}

Constants in Dart




class Person {
  final String name;
  final int age;
  const Person({required this.name, required this.age});
}

const foo = Person(name: 'Foo', age: 20);
const foo2 = Person(name: 'Foo', age: 20);
const bar = Person(name: 'Bar', age: 20);

void assert_eq(Object lhs, Object rhs) {
  assert(lhs == rhs);
}

void assert_ne(Object lhs, Object rhs) {
  assert(lhs != rhs);
}

void testIt() {
  assert_eq(foo, foo2);
  assert_ne(foo, bar);
  assert_ne(foo2, bar);
}

Displaying Scrollable Bottom Sheets in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('Scrollable Sheet')),
      body: DraggableScrollableSheet(
        initialChildSize: 0.2,
        minChildSize: 0.2,
        maxChildSize: 0.8,
        builder: (context, scrollController) {
          return Container(
            decoration: decoration(),
            clipBehavior: Clip.antiAlias,
            child: SingleChildScrollView(
              controller: scrollController,
              child: column(),
            ),
          );
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

const urls = [
  'https://tinyurl.com/4vtvh35h',
  'https://tinyurl.com/pujhs55w',
  'https://tinyurl.com/u5k7zueh',
];

List<Widget> imageWithLoremIpsum(String uri) => [
      Image.network(uri),
      SizedBox(height: 10),
      loremIpsum(),
      SizedBox(height: 10),
    ];

Column column() => Column(
      children: imageWithLoremIpsum(urls[0]) +
          imageWithLoremIpsum(urls[1]) +
          imageWithLoremIpsum(urls[2]),
    );

Text loremIpsum() => Text(
      'Lorem ipsum ' * 10,
      textAlign: TextAlign.center,
    );

BoxDecoration decoration() => BoxDecoration(
      border: Border.all(color: Colors.white),
      borderRadius: BorderRadius.only(
        topLeft: Radius.circular(10),
        topRight: Radius.circular(10),
      ),
      color: Colors.white70,
    );

YouTube Ad Remover in Dart



import 'dart:io' show stdout, stderr, exitCode;
import 'package:collection/collection.dart' show IterableExtension;

// example argument: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtETXtSP0pA
void main(List<String> args) async {
  if (args.isEmpty) {
    stdout.writeln('usage: dart youtube.dart "https://..."');
    return;
  }

  final link =
      args.firstWhereOrNull((element) => Uri.tryParse(element) != null);

  if (link == null) {
    stderr.writeln('No YouTube url found');
    exitCode = 1;
    return;
  }

  try {
    final uri = Uri.parse(link);
    if (uri.scheme.toLowerCase() != 'https' ||
        uri.host.toLowerCase() != 'www.youtube.com' ||
        uri.queryParameters['v'] == null) {
      throw FormatException();
    } else {
      final videoId = uri.queryParameters['v'];
      final embedUri = Uri.parse('${uri.scheme}://${uri.host}/embed/$videoId');
      stdout.writeln(embedUri);
      exitCode = 0;
    }
  } on FormatException catch (e) {
    stderr.writeln('Invalid Uri, try again! err = $e');
    exitCode = 1;
    return;
  }
}

Fade Between Widgets in Flutter



const urls = [
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
];

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var isShowingFirstImage = true;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('AnimatedCrossFade in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: AnimatedCrossFade(
          layoutBuilder: (topChild, topChildKey, bottomChild, bottomChildKey) {
            return GestureDetector(
              onTap: () {
                setState(() {
                  isShowingFirstImage = !isShowingFirstImage;
                });
              },
              child: AnimatedCrossFade.defaultLayoutBuilder(
                  topChild, topChildKey, bottomChild, bottomChildKey),
            );
          },
          firstChild: Image.network(urls[0]),
          secondChild: Image.network(urls[1]),
          crossFadeState: isShowingFirstImage
              ? CrossFadeState.showFirst
              : CrossFadeState.showSecond,
          duration: Duration(milliseconds: 400),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Sort Descriptors in Dart



int ascendingComparator<T extends Comparable>(T lhs, T rhs) =>
    lhs.compareTo(rhs);
int descendingComparator<T extends Comparable>(T lhs, T rhs) =>
    rhs.compareTo(lhs);

extension Sorted<T extends Comparable> on List<T> {
  List<T> sorted({bool descending = false}) => descending
      ? (this..sort(descendingComparator))
      : (this..sort(ascendingComparator));
}

class Person implements Comparable {
  final int age;
  final String name;
  const Person({required this.age, required this.name});
  @override
  int compareTo(covariant Person other) => age.compareTo(other.age);
  @override
  String toString() => 'Person, name = $name ($age)';
}

void testIt() {
  final people = [
    Person(age: 39, name: 'Father Foo'),
    Person(age: 40, name: 'Mother Bar'),
    Person(age: 13, name: 'Son Baz'),
  ];

  print('ascending sort');
  people.sorted().forEach(print);
  // prints Son Baz (13), Father Foo (39), Mother Bar (40)
  print('descending sort');
  people.sorted(descending: true).forEach(print);
  // prints Mother Bar (40), Father Foo (39), Son Baz (13)
}

User Sortable Columns and Tables in Flutter



class Language {
  final String name;
  final Image image;
  const Language(this.name, this.image);
  Language.dart()
      : name = 'Dart',
        image = Image.network('https://bit.ly/3yH1Ivj');
  Language.rust()
      : name = 'Rust',
        image = Image.network('https://bit.ly/3lPTqhb');
  Language.python()
      : name = 'Python',
        image = Image.network('https://bit.ly/3iCFCEP');

  Language.java()
      : name = 'Java',
        image = Image.network('https://bit.ly/3CCapJH');
  static List<Language> all = [
    Language.dart(),
    Language.rust(),
    Language.python(),
    Language.java(),
  ];
}

extension Sort on List<Language> {
  void sortByName(bool ascending) => sort((lhs, rhs) =>
      ascending ? lhs.name.compareTo(rhs.name) : rhs.name.compareTo(lhs.name));
}

List<DataRow> rows(List<Language> langs) => langs
    .map(
      (l) => DataRow(
        cells: [
          DataCell(
            Padding(
              padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
              child: l.image,
            ),
          ),
          DataCell(Text(l.name)),
        ],
      ),
    )
    .toList();

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  final List<Language> _langs = Language.all..sortByName(true);
  int sortedColumnIndex = 1;
  var isSortedAscending = true;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('WhatsApp')),
      body: DataTable(
        sortAscending: isSortedAscending,
        sortColumnIndex: sortedColumnIndex,
        columns: [
          DataColumn(label: Text('Image')),
          DataColumn(
            label: Text('Name'),
            onSort: (columnIndex, ascending) {
              setState(() {
                sortedColumnIndex = columnIndex;
                isSortedAscending = ascending;
                _langs.sortByName(ascending);
              });
            },
          ),
        ],
        rows: rows(_langs),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Content-Length of List<Uri> in Dart

Recursive Dot Notation on Maps in Dart




final person = {
  'firstName': 'Foo',
  'lastName': 'Bar',
  'age': 30,
  'address': {
    'street': {
      'name': 'Baz street',
      'numberOfHouses': 20,
    },
    'houseNumber': '#20',
    'city': 'Stockholm',
    'country': 'Sweden'
  },
};

extension KeyPath on Map {
  Object? valueFor({required String keyPath}) {
    final keysSplit = keyPath.split('.');
    final thisKey = keysSplit.removeAt(0);
    final thisValue = this[thisKey];
    if (keysSplit.isEmpty) {
      return thisValue;
    } else if (thisValue is Map) {
      return thisValue.valueFor(keyPath: keysSplit.join('.'));
    }
  }
}

void testIt() {
  assert(person.valueFor(keyPath: 'firstName') == 'Foo');
  assert(person.valueFor(keyPath: 'age') == 30);
  assert(person.valueFor(keyPath: 'address.street.name') == 'Baz street');
  assert(person.valueFor(keyPath: 'address.houseNumber') == '#20');
}

Allow User Selection of Text in Flutter



const text = 'Flutter is an open-source UI software development'
    ' kit created by Google. It is used to develop cross platform applications'
    ' for Android, iOS, Linux, Mac, Windows, Google Fuchsia, '
    'and the web from a single codebase.';

const imageUrl = 'https://bit.ly/3gT5Qk2';

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Selectable Text in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
        children: [
          Image.network(imageUrl),
          SizedBox(height: 10.0),
          Padding(
            padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
            child: SelectableText(
              text,
              textAlign: TextAlign.center,
              showCursor: true,
              cursorColor: Colors.blue,
              toolbarOptions: ToolbarOptions(
                copy: true,
                selectAll: true,
              ),
              style: TextStyle(
                fontSize: 20,
                fontWeight: FontWeight.w300,
              ),
            ),
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Placing Constraints on Widgets in Flutter



const dashes = [
  'https://bit.ly/3gHlTCU',
  'https://bit.ly/3wOLO1c',
  'https://bit.ly/3cXWD9j',
  'https://bit.ly/3gT5Qk2',
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('ConstrainedBox in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: InteractiveViewer(
        minScale: 1.0,
        maxScale: 2.0,
        child: SingleChildScrollView(
          scrollDirection: Axis.vertical,
          child: Table(
            defaultVerticalAlignment: TableCellVerticalAlignment.middle,
            children: dashes
                .map(
                  (dash) => TableRow(
                    children: [
                      ConstrainedBox(
                        constraints: BoxConstraints(
                          minHeight: 300,
                        ),
                        child: Image.network(dash),
                      ),
                    ],
                  ),
                )
                .toList(),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Animating Position Changes in Flutter



class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var isMovedUp = false;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('AnimatedPositioned in Flutter')),
      body: Center(
        child: GestureDetector(
          onTap: () => setState(() => isMovedUp = !isMovedUp),
          child: Stack(
            clipBehavior: Clip.none,
            alignment: Alignment.center,
            children: [
              Image.network('https://bit.ly/2VcCSow'),
              Text(
                'Summer 😎',
                style: TextStyle(
                  fontSize: 30,
                  color: Colors.black,
                ),
              ),
              AnimatedPositioned(
                duration: Duration(seconds: 1),
                bottom: isMovedUp ? 140 : 10.0,
                curve: Curves.elasticInOut,
                child: CircleAvatar(
                  radius: 100,
                  backgroundImage: NetworkImage('https://bit.ly/3cXWD9j'),
                  backgroundColor: Colors.orange[300],
                ),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Transitioning Between Widgets in Flutter



enum Season { spring, summer, autumn, winter }

extension Caps on String {
  String get capitalized => this[0].toUpperCase() + substring(1);
}

extension Title on Season {
  String get title => describeEnum(this).capitalized;
}

class TitledImage {
  final String title;
  final Uri uri;
  final ValueKey key;
  const TitledImage(this.title, this.uri, this.key);

  TitledImage.spring()
      : title = Season.spring.title,
        uri = Uri.https('cnn.it', '/3xu58Ap'),
        key = ValueKey(1);

  TitledImage.summer()
      : title = Season.summer.title,
        uri = Uri.https('bit.ly', '/2VcCSow'),
        key = ValueKey(2);

  TitledImage.autumn()
      : title = Season.autumn.title,
        uri = Uri.https('bit.ly', '/3A3zStC'),
        key = ValueKey(3);

  TitledImage.winter()
      : title = Season.winter.title,
        uri = Uri.https('bit.ly', '/2TNY7wi'),
        key = ValueKey(4);
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var _img = TitledImage.summer();

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text(_img.title)),
      body: Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
        children: [
          AnimatedSwitcher(
            switchInCurve: Curves.easeIn,
            switchOutCurve: Curves.easeOut,
            duration: Duration(milliseconds: 300),
            transitionBuilder: (child, animation) {
              return FadeTransition(opacity: animation, child: child);
            },
            child: Image.network(
              _img.uri.toString(),
              key: _img.key,
            ),
          ),
          getButtons(),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }

  Widget getButtons() {
    return Row(
      mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
      children: [
        TextButton(
          onPressed: () => setState(() => _img = TitledImage.spring()),
          child: Text(Season.spring.title),
        ),
        TextButton(
          onPressed: () => setState(() => _img = TitledImage.summer()),
          child: Text(Season.summer.title),
        ),
        TextButton(
          onPressed: () => setState(() => _img = TitledImage.autumn()),
          child: Text(Season.autumn.title),
        ),
        TextButton(
          onPressed: () => setState(() => _img = TitledImage.winter()),
          child: Text(Season.winter.title),
        ),
      ],
    );
  }
}

Doubly Linked Lists in Dart



class Person extends LinkedListEntry<Person> {
  final String name;
  final int age;
  Person({
    required this.name,
    required this.age,
  });

  @override
  String toString() => 'Person name = $name, age = $age';
}

void testIt() {
  final persons = LinkedList<Person>();
  final dad = Person(name: 'Father Foo', age: 47);
  final mom = Person(name: 'Mother Bar', age: 47);
  final daughter = Person(name: 'Daughter Baz', age: 22);
  persons.addAll([dad, mom, daughter]);

  print(persons.first.previous); // null
  print(persons.first); // Person name = Father Foo, age = 47
  print(persons.first.next); // Person name = Mother Bar, age = 47
  print(persons.last.previous); // Person name = Mother Bar, age = 47
  print(persons.first.next?.next); // Person name = Daughter Baz, age = 22
  print(persons.last.next); // null
}

Reordering Items Inside List Views in Flutter



class Item {
  final Color color;
  final String text;
  final UniqueKey uniqueKey;
  Item(this.color, this.text) : uniqueKey = UniqueKey();
}

extension ToListItem on Item {
  Widget toListItem() => LimitedBox(
        key: uniqueKey,
        maxHeight: 200,
        child: Container(
          color: color,
          child: Padding(
            padding: const EdgeInsets.all(20),
            child: Text(
              text,
              style: TextStyle(
                color: Colors.white,
                fontSize: 100,
              ),
            ),
          ),
        ),
      );
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var items = [
    Item(Colors.deepPurple, 'Foo'),
    Item(Colors.blueGrey, 'Bar'),
    Item(Colors.lightGreen, 'Baz')
  ];

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Reordered List View in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: ReorderableListView(
        onReorder: (oldIndex, newIndex) {
          setState(() {
            final item = items.removeAt(oldIndex);
            items.insert(newIndex, item);
          });
        },
        children: items.map((i) => i.toListItem()).toList(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

Custom Stream Transformers in Dart



in this example we have created our own string transformer that
can trim a Stream<String> by trimming whitespace from both
beginning and end of the string
*/

import 'dart:convert' show utf8;

class StringTrimmer extends StreamTransformerBase<String, String> {
  const StringTrimmer();
  @override
  Stream<String> bind(Stream<String> stream) =>
      Stream.fromFuture(stream.join(' ')).map((str) => str.trim());
}

final string =
    '''   A long line of text with spaces in the beginning and the end, 
    divided into three lines just for the purpose of this demonstration    ''';

void testIt() async {
  final bytes = utf8.encode(string);
  final result = await Stream.value(bytes)
      .transform(utf8.decoder)
      .transform(LineSplitter())
      .transform(StringTrimmer())
      .join();
  print(result);
}

Expanding Stream Elements in Dart

/*


in this example we expand every element inside our Stream<int> to
a stream that in turn contains n+1 elements where n is the index generated
by our main stream, that's to say, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, etc

*/
Stream<int> nestedEvents(int count) {
  return Stream.periodic(
    Duration(seconds: 1),
    (e) => e,
  ).take(count).asyncExpand(
        (i) => Stream.fromIterable(
          Iterable.generate(i + 1),
        ),
      );
}

void testIt() async {
  /* 
  prints the followings in this order
  0, 1
  0, 1, 2
  0, 1, 2, 3
  0, 1, 2, 3, 4
  */
  await for (final value in nestedEvents(5)) {
    print('Value is $value');
  }
}

Consume Streams for a Duration in Dart

extension TakeFor<T> on Stream<T> {
  Stream<T> takeFor(Duration duration) {
    final upTo = DateTime.now().add(duration);
    return takeWhile((_) {
      final now = DateTime.now();
      return now.isBefore(upTo) | now.isAtSameMomentAs(upTo);
    });
  }
}

Stream<DateTime> source() => Stream.periodic(
      Duration(milliseconds: 500),
      (_) => DateTime.now(),
    );

void testIt() async {
  await for (final dateTime in source().takeFor(
    Duration(seconds: 4),
  )) {
    print('date time is $dateTime');
  }
}

Shortening URLs in Dart

import 'dart:convert' show json;

Future<Uri> shortenUri(Uri uri, String bitlyToken) async {
  final client = HttpClient();

  final endpoint = Uri.https('api-ssl.bitly.com', '/v4/shorten');

  final response = await client.postUrl(endpoint).then(
    (req) {

      req.headers
        ..set(HttpHeaders.contentTypeHeader, 'application/json')
        ..set(HttpHeaders.authorizationHeader, 'Bearer $bitlyToken');

      final body = {
        'long_url': uri.toString(),
        'domain': 'bit.ly',
      };
      final bodyBytes = utf8.encode(json.encode(body));
      req.add(bodyBytes);

      return req.close();
    },
  );

  final responseBody = await response.transform(utf8.decoder).join();
  final responseJson = json.decode(responseBody) as Map<String, dynamic>;
  return Uri.parse(responseJson['link']);
}

void testIt() async {
  print(await shortenUri(
    Uri.parse('https://pixolity.se'),
    'XXX',
  ));
}

LimitedBox Widget as ListView Items in Flutter

const images = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/3jRSRCu',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

extension ToListItemImage on String {
  Widget toListItemImage() {
    return LimitedBox(
      maxHeight: 150.0,
      child: Image.network(
        this,
        fit: BoxFit.fitWidth,
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('Limited Box in Flutter')),
      body: ListView(
        children: images.map((str) => str.toListItemImage()).toList(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Generically Convert Anything to Int in Dart

extension ToInt on Object {
  int toInt() {
    final list = [
      if (this is Iterable<Object>)
        ...(List.of(this as Iterable<Object>))
      else if (this is int)
        [this as int]
      else
        (double.tryParse(toString()) ?? 0.0).round()
    ];
    return list
        .map((e) => (double.tryParse(e.toString()) ?? 0.0).round())
        .reduce((lhs, rhs) => lhs + rhs);
  }
}

void testIt() {
  assert(1.toInt() == 1);
  assert((2.2).toInt() == 2);
  assert((2.0).toInt() == 2);
  assert('3'.toInt() == 3);
  assert(['4', '5'].toInt() == 9);
  assert([4, 5].toInt() == 9);
  assert(['2.4', '3.5'].toInt() == 6);
  assert(['2', '3.5'].toInt() == 6);
  assert({'2', 3, '4.2'}.toInt() == 9);
  assert(['2', 3, '4.2', 5.3].toInt() == 14);
}

Validating URL Certificates in Dart

import 'dart:io' show HttpClient;

Future<bool> isSecuredWithValidCert(String uriString) async {
  final uri = Uri.parse(uriString);
  final client = HttpClient();
  try {
    await client.headUrl(uri).then((r) => r.close());
    return true;
  } on HandshakeException {
    return false;
  }
}

void testIt() async {
  await isSecuredWithValidCert('https://expired.badssl.com');
  await isSecuredWithValidCert('https://wrong.host.badssl.com');
  await isSecuredWithValidCert('https://self-signed.badssl.com');
  await isSecuredWithValidCert('https://untrusted-root.badssl.com');
  await isSecuredWithValidCert('https://revoked.badssl.com');
}

Displaying Popup Menus in Flutter

enum ImageAction { copy }

PopupMenuItem<ImageAction> copyButton({VoidCallback? onPressed}) =>
    PopupMenuItem<ImageAction>(
      value: ImageAction.copy,
      child: TextButton.icon(
        icon: Icon(Icons.copy),
        label: Text('Copy'),
        onPressed: onPressed,
      ),
    );

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: PopupMenuButton<ImageAction>(
          elevation: 10,
          offset: Offset(0, 50),
          itemBuilder: (_) => [
            copyButton(
              onPressed: () {
                print('Copy the image...');
              },
            ),
          ],
          child: Image.network('https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6'),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Implementing Drag and Drop in Flutter

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  String? _imageUrl;

  bool shouldAccept(String? value) => Uri.tryParse(value ?? '') != null;

  Widget dragTargetBuilder(
    BuildContext context,
    List<String?> incoming,
    dynamic rejected,
  ) {
    final emptyContainer = Container(
      color: Colors.grey[200],
      height: 200,
      child: Center(
        child: Text('Drag an image here'),
      ),
    );

    if (incoming.isNotEmpty) {
      _imageUrl = incoming.first;
    }

    if (_imageUrl == null) {
      return emptyContainer;
    }

    try {
      final uri = Uri.parse(_imageUrl ?? '');
      return Container(
        color: Colors.grey[200],
        height: 200,
        child: Center(
          child: Image.network(uri.toString()),
        ),
      );
    } on FormatException {
      return emptyContainer;
    }
  }

  static final firstImageUrl = 'https://bit.ly/3xnoJTm';
  static final secondImageUrl = 'https://bit.ly/3hIuC78';
  final firstImage = Image.network(firstImageUrl);
  final secondImage = Image.network(secondImageUrl);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('Tooltips in Flutter')),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Column(
          children: [
            DragTarget<String>(
              onWillAccept: shouldAccept,
              builder: dragTargetBuilder,
            ),
            SizedBox(height: 10.0),
            DraggableImage(
              imageWidget: firstImage,
              imageUrl: firstImageUrl,
            ),
            SizedBox(height: 10.0),
            DraggableImage(
              imageWidget: secondImage,
              imageUrl: secondImageUrl,
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class DraggableImage extends StatelessWidget {
  const DraggableImage({
    Key? key,
    required this.imageWidget,
    required this.imageUrl,
  }) : super(key: key);

  final Image imageWidget;
  final String imageUrl;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Draggable<String>(
      data: imageUrl,
      feedback: Container(
        width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
        decoration: BoxDecoration(
          boxShadow: [
            BoxShadow(
              blurRadius: 30,
              color: Colors.black,
              spreadRadius: 10,
            ),
          ],
        ),
        child: imageWidget,
      ),
      child: imageWidget,
    );
  }
}

Dismissing List Items in Flutter

const gridImages = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3dLJNeD',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/3jRSRCu',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: CustomScrollView(
        slivers: [
          CustomAppBar(),
          CustomGridView(),
          CustomListView(
            imageUrls: gridImages,
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

class _CustomListViewState extends State<CustomListView> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SliverPadding(
      padding: EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      sliver: SliverList(
        delegate: SliverChildBuilderDelegate(
          (context, index) {
            final url = widget.imageUrls[index];
            return Dismissible(
              key: ValueKey(url),
              onDismissed: (_) {
                widget.imageUrls.remove(url);
              },
              background: Container(
                color: Colors.red,
                child: FittedBox(
                  alignment: Alignment.centerRight,
                  fit: BoxFit.fitHeight,
                  child: Icon(Icons.delete, color: Colors.white),
                ),
              ),
              child: Padding(
                padding: const EdgeInsets.only(bottom: 8.0),
                child: Image.network(url),
              ),
            );
          },
          childCount: widget.imageUrls.length,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomListView extends StatefulWidget {
  final List<String> imageUrls;

  const CustomListView({
    Key? key,
    required this.imageUrls,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _CustomListViewState createState() => _CustomListViewState();
}

class CustomGridView extends StatelessWidget {
  const CustomGridView({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SliverPadding(
      padding: EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      sliver: SliverGrid(
        gridDelegate: SliverGridDelegateWithFixedCrossAxisCount(
          crossAxisCount: 3,
          mainAxisSpacing: 10,
          crossAxisSpacing: 10,
          childAspectRatio: 1.0,
        ),
        delegate: SliverChildBuilderDelegate(
          (context, index) {
            return Container(
              width: 100,
              height: 100,
              child: Image.network(gridImages[index]),
            );
          },
          childCount: gridImages.length,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomAppBar extends StatelessWidget {
  const CustomAppBar({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SliverAppBar(
      backgroundColor: Colors.orange[300],
      forceElevated: true,
      pinned: false,
      snap: false,
      floating: true,
      expandedHeight: 172,
      flexibleSpace: FlexibleSpaceBar(
        title: Text(
          'Flutter',
          style: TextStyle(
            fontSize: 30,
            color: Colors.white,
            decoration: TextDecoration.underline,
          ),
        ),
        collapseMode: CollapseMode.parallax,
        background: Image.network('https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt'),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Animating Widgets with Ease in Flutter

class Ball extends StatefulWidget {
  const Ball({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _BallState createState() => _BallState();
}

class _BallState extends State<Ball> with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation _animation;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _controller = AnimationController(
      vsync: this,
      duration: Duration(seconds: 4),
      reverseDuration: Duration(seconds: 4),
    );
    _animation = Tween(begin: 0.0, end: 2 * pi).animate(_controller);
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    _controller.repeat();
    return AnimatedBuilder(
      animation: _animation,
      builder: (context, image) {
        return Transform.rotate(
          angle: _animation.value,
          child: image,
        );
      },
      child: Image.network('https://bit.ly/3xspdrp'),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Animated Builder in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: Ball(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Displaying Tool Tips in Flutter

const imagesAndInfo = [
  ['https://bit.ly/3xnoJTm', 'Stockholm, Sweden'],
  ['https://bit.ly/3hIuC78', 'Dalarna, Sweden'],
  ['https://bit.ly/3wi9mdG', 'Brighton, UK'],
  ['https://bit.ly/3dSSMuy', 'Hove, UK'],
  ['https://bit.ly/3xoWCmV', 'Kerala, India'],
  ['https://bit.ly/3hGmjZC', 'Salvador da Bahia, Brazil']
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('Tooltips in Flutter')),
      body: ListView.builder(
        itemCount: imagesAndInfo.length,
        itemBuilder: (_, index) {
          return Padding(
            padding: const EdgeInsets.only(top: 8.0, left: 8.0, right: 8.0),
            child: Tooltip(
              decoration: BoxDecoration(
                color: Colors.black,
                boxShadow: [
                  BoxShadow(
                    color: Colors.white.withAlpha(180),
                    offset: Offset.zero,
                    spreadRadius: 30.0,
                    blurRadius: 30.0,
                  ),
                ],
                borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(8.0)),
              ),
              textStyle: TextStyle(fontSize: 20, color: Colors.white),
              message: imagesAndInfo[index][1],
              child: Image.network(
                imagesAndInfo[index][0],
              ),
            ),
          );
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

Displaying Assorted Widgets Inside TableView in Flutter

const natureUrls = [
  'https://bit.ly/3dAtFwy',
  'https://bit.ly/36cHehe',
  'https://bit.ly/365uqt1',
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3jBvJYU',
  'https://bit.ly/3yhbHHi'
];

extension ToImage on String {
  Widget toPaddedNetworkImage() => Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
        child: Image.network(this),
      );
}

extension ToImages on List<String> {
  List<Widget> toPaddedNetworkImages() =>
      map((str) => str.toPaddedNetworkImage()).toList();
}

extension ToTableRow on List<Widget> {
  TableRow toTableRow() => TableRow(children: this);
}

class ListPaginator<T> extends Iterable {
  final List<List<T>> list;
  ListPaginator({required List<T> input, required int itemsPerPage})
      : list = [
          for (var i = 0; i < input.length; i += itemsPerPage)
            input.getRange(i, min(input.length, i + itemsPerPage)).toList(),
        ];

  @override
  Iterator get iterator => list.iterator;
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  final provider = ListPaginator<String>(
    input: natureUrls,
    itemsPerPage: 3,
  );
  HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  Iterable<TableRow> getRows() sync* {
    for (final List<String> urlBatch in provider) {
      final networkImages = urlBatch.toPaddedNetworkImages();
      yield TableRow(children: networkImages);
    }
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('TableView in Flutter'),
      ),
      body: SingleChildScrollView(
        child: Table(
          defaultVerticalAlignment: TableCellVerticalAlignment.bottom,
          children: getRows().toList(),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Page Indicator with Page View in Flutter

const dashes = [
  'https://bit.ly/3gHlTCU',
  'https://bit.ly/3wOLO1c',
  'https://bit.ly/3cXWD9j',
  'https://bit.ly/3gT5Qk2',
];

class PageText extends StatelessWidget {
  final int current;
  final int total;

  const PageText({
    Key? key,
    required this.current,
    required this.total,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Text(
      'Page ${current + 1} of $total',
      style: TextStyle(fontSize: 30.0, shadows: [
        Shadow(
          offset: Offset(0.0, 1.0),
          blurRadius: 20.0,
          color: Colors.black.withAlpha(140),
        )
      ]),
    );
  }
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var _index = 0;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('Page Indicator')),
      body: SafeArea(
        child: Column(
          children: [
            Expanded(
              child: PageView.builder(
                onPageChanged: (pageIndex) {
                  setState(() => _index = pageIndex);
                },
                scrollDirection: Axis.horizontal,
                itemCount: dashes.length,
                itemBuilder: (context, index) {
                  return Column(
                    mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
                    children: [
                      Image.network(dashes[index]),
                      Text('Dash #${index + 1}'),
                    ],
                  );
                },
              ),
            ),
            PageText(current: _index, total: dashes.length)
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Animating and Moving a Floating Action Button in Flutter

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

const List<FloatingActionButtonLocation> locations = [
  FloatingActionButtonLocation.centerDocked,
  FloatingActionButtonLocation.startDocked,
  FloatingActionButtonLocation.startFloat,
  FloatingActionButtonLocation.centerFloat,
  FloatingActionButtonLocation.endFloat,
  FloatingActionButtonLocation.endDocked
];

extension GoAround<T> on List<T> {
  T elementByGoingAround(int index) {
    final finalIndex = index >= length ? index.remainder(length) : index;
    return this[finalIndex];
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  var _locationIndex = 0;

  FloatingActionButtonLocation get location =>
      locations.elementByGoingAround(_locationIndex);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {

    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Floating Action Button'),
      ),
      floatingActionButtonLocation: location,
      floatingActionButton: FloatingActionButton(
        onPressed: () {
          setState(() => _locationIndex += 1);
        },
        child: Icon(Icons.add),
      ),
      bottomNavigationBar: BottomNavigationBar(
        backgroundColor: Colors.yellow[600],
        selectedItemColor: Colors.black,
        items: [
          BottomNavigationBarItem(
            icon: Icon(Icons.bedtime),
            label: 'Item 1',
          ),
          BottomNavigationBarItem(
            icon: Icon(Icons.access_alarms),
            label: 'Item 2',
          )
        ],
        currentIndex: 0,
      ),
    );
  }
}

Fading Network Image Widget in Flutter

class FadingNetworkImage extends StatefulWidget {
  final String url;

  const FadingNetworkImage({Key? key, required this.url}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _FadingNetworkImageState createState() => _FadingNetworkImageState();
}

class _FadingNetworkImageState extends State<FadingNetworkImage>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final AnimationController _controller;
  late final Animation<double> _animation;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    _controller =
        AnimationController(vsync: this, duration: Duration(seconds: 1));

    _animation = Tween(begin: 0.0, end: 1.0).animate(_controller);
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Image.network(
      widget.url,
      frameBuilder: (context, child, frame, wasSynchronouslyLoaded) {
        _controller.reset();
        _controller.forward();
        return FadeTransition(opacity: _animation, child: child);
      },
      loadingBuilder: (context, child, loadingProgress) {
        final totalBytes = loadingProgress?.expectedTotalBytes;
        final bytesLoaded = loadingProgress?.cumulativeBytesLoaded;
        if (totalBytes != null && bytesLoaded != null) {
          return LinearProgressIndicator(
            value: bytesLoaded / totalBytes,
          );
        } else {
          return child;
        }
      },
      errorBuilder: (context, error, stackTrace) {
        return Text('Error!');
      },
    );
  }
}

const dashes = [
  'https://bit.ly/3gHlTCU',
  'https://bit.ly/3wOLO1c',
  'https://bit.ly/3cXWD9j',
  'https://bit.ly/3gT5Qk2',
];

extension GoAround<T> on List<T> {
  T elementByGoingAround(int index) {
    final finalIndex = index >= length ? index.remainder(length) : index;
    return this[finalIndex];
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  int _index = 0;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Faded Image'),
      ),
      body: Center(
          child: Column(
        children: [
          FadingNetworkImage(
            url: dashes.elementByGoingAround(_index),
          ),
          TextButton(
            onPressed: () {
              setState(() => _index += 1);
            },
            child: Text('Load next Dash'),
          ),
        ],
      )),
    );
  }
}

Transparent Alert Dialogs in Flutter

TextStyle get whiteTextStyle => TextStyle(color: Colors.white);

Future<void> showTextDialog({
  required BuildContext context,
  required String text,
}) {
  return showDialog(
    context: context,
    builder: (context) {
      return AlertDialog(
        shape: RoundedRectangleBorder(
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(
            Radius.circular(10),
          ),
          side: BorderSide(
            color: Colors.white,
            style: BorderStyle.solid,
            width: 2,
          ),
        ),
        backgroundColor: Colors.black.withAlpha(150),
        titleTextStyle: whiteTextStyle,
        contentTextStyle: whiteTextStyle,
        content: Text(text),
        actions: [
          TextButton(
            style: TextButton.styleFrom(primary: Colors.white),
            onPressed: () {
              Navigator.of(context).pop();
            },
            child: Text('OK'),
          )
        ],
      );
    },
  );
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text(
          'Rounded Corder Dialog',
        ),
      ),
      body: Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
        children: [
          Image.network('https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6'),
          TextButton(
            onPressed: () async {
              await showTextDialog(
                context: context,
                text: 'Hello world',
              );
            },
            child: Text('Show dialog'),
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Network Image Size in Dart

import 'dart:ui' as ui;

Future<Size> getImageSize(String uri) {
  final image = Image.network('https://bit.ly/3dAtFwy');
  final comp = Completer<ui.Image>();
  image.image
      .resolve(
        ImageConfiguration.empty,
      )
      .addListener(
        ImageStreamListener(
          (ImageInfo info, _) => comp.complete(info.image),
        ),
      );
  return comp.future.then(
    (image) => Size(
      image.width.toDouble(),
      image.height.toDouble(),
    ),
  );
}

void testIt() async {
  final imageSize = await getImageSize('https://bit.ly/3dAtFwy');
  print(imageSize);
  assert(imageSize.width == 2048.0);
  assert(imageSize.height == 1365.0);
  print(imageSize.aspectRatio);
}

Animated Icons in Flutter

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage>
    with SingleTickerProviderStateMixin {
  late final Animation<double> _animation;
  late final AnimationController _controller;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _controller = AnimationController(
      vsync: this,
      duration: Duration(seconds: 1),
    );
    _animation = Tween(
      begin: 0.0,
      end: 1.0,
    ).animate(_controller);
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _controller.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    _controller.repeat(reverse: true);
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Animated Icons in Fluter'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: AnimatedIcon(
          color: Colors.green[300],
          size: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
          icon: AnimatedIcons.search_ellipsis,
          progress: _animation,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

Custom Scroll Views in Flutter

const gridImages = [
  'https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt',
  'https://bit.ly/3dLJNeD',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywI8l6',
  'https://bit.ly/3jRSRCu',
  'https://bit.ly/36fNNj9',
  'https://bit.ly/3jOueGG',
  'https://bit.ly/3qYOtDm',
  'https://bit.ly/3wt11Ec',
  'https://bit.ly/3yvFg7X',
  'https://bit.ly/3ywzOla',
  'https://bit.ly/3wnASpW',
  'https://bit.ly/3jXSDto',
];

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: CustomScrollView(
        slivers: [
          CustomAppBar(),
          CustomGridView(),
          CustomListView(),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomListView extends StatelessWidget {
  const CustomListView({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SliverPadding(
      padding: EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      sliver: SliverList(
        delegate: SliverChildBuilderDelegate(
          (context, index) {
            return Padding(
              padding: const EdgeInsets.only(bottom: 8.0),
              child: Image.network(gridImages[index]),
            );
          },
          childCount: gridImages.length,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomGridView extends StatelessWidget {
  const CustomGridView({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SliverPadding(
      padding: EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
      sliver: SliverGrid(
        gridDelegate: SliverGridDelegateWithFixedCrossAxisCount(
          crossAxisCount: 3,
          mainAxisSpacing: 10,
          crossAxisSpacing: 10,
          childAspectRatio: 1.0,
        ),
        delegate: SliverChildBuilderDelegate(
          (context, index) {
            return Container(
              width: 100,
              height: 100,
              child: Image.network(gridImages[index]),
            );
          },
          childCount: gridImages.length,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class CustomAppBar extends StatelessWidget {
  const CustomAppBar({
    Key? key,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return SliverAppBar(
      backgroundColor: Colors.orange[300],
      forceElevated: true,
      pinned: false,
      snap: false,
      floating: true,
      expandedHeight: 172,
      flexibleSpace: FlexibleSpaceBar(
        title: Text(
          'Flutter',
          style: TextStyle(
            fontSize: 30,
            color: Colors.white,
            decoration: TextDecoration.underline,
          ),
        ),
        collapseMode: CollapseMode.parallax,
        background: Image.network('https://bit.ly/3x7J5Qt'),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Parallax App Bar in Flutter

JSON HTTP Requests in Dart

URL Timeouts in Dart

Detecting URL File Types in Dart

Paginated Lists in Dart

Requesting DELETE on APIs in Dart

Animated Containers in Flutter

Hiding Widgets in Flutter

Simple Opacity Animation in Flutter

Vignette Widget in Flutter

Drop Down Button Configuration and Usage in Flutter

Expandable List Items in Flutter

Infinite Scrolling in Flutter

Infinite Arrays in Dart

Custom Color Picker Component in Flutter

Displaying and Reacting to Switches in Flutter

Displaying Bottom Bars in Flutter

Displaying Buttons on AppBar in Flutter

Displaying Bottom Sheets in Flutter

Converting Enums to Radio Buttons in Flutter

Check Existence of Websites in Flutter

Images inside AlertDialog in Flutter

Returning Values from AlertDialog in Flutter

Simple Grid View in Flutter

Rendering Bullet Points in Flutter

Retrying Futures in Flutter

Containers as ClipOvals in Flutter

Rich Texts in Flutter

Wrapping Widgets in Flutter

Sweep Gradients in Flutter

Stream and StreamBuilder in Flutter

Blur Effect in Flutter

Convert Enums to Strings in Dart

Replacing Text in TextField in Flutter

Aspect Ratio in Flutter

Zoom and Pan in Flutter

Resizing Images in Flutter to Fit Screen Height

Validating URLs in Flutter

FrameBuilder for Network Images in Flutter

Adding Shadow to Icons in Flutter

Calculating Median of Lists in Dart

Generic Functions with Reduce in Dart

Passing Back Data From a Screen to the Previous One in Flutter

Flinging an Animation in Flutter

Fade Animations in Flutter

Throttling User Input in Flutter

Censoring TextFields in Flutter

Customizing TextButton in Flutter

Multiline TextFields in Flutter

Filtering TextField Input in Flutter

Focusing Manually on TextFields in Flutter

Data Streams Over HTTP/HTTPs in Dart

Catching Nonexistent Accessors or Methods in Dart

Using Expando in Dart

Implementing Custom Maps in Dart

Dynamically Calling Functions in Dart

Factory Constructors in Dart

Calculating the Sum of List Items in Dart

Removing Duplicate Strings in Lists in Dart (Case-Insensitive)

Implementing Range in Dart

Converting Lists to Maps in Dart

Implementing Hashable in Dart

Random Name Generator in Dart

Capturing Stack Traces in Dart Exceptions

Removing Duplicates from Lists in Dart

Optional Spread Operator in Dart

Calling Optional Functions in Dart

Odd-Even Sort in Dart

Implementing Zip and Tuples in Dart

Swapping Values in Lists with XOR in Dart

Waiting for Multiple Futures in Dart

Using Queues as Stacks in Dart

Custom Iterators in Dart

Iterables as Ranges and Transform in Dart

Errors vs Exceptions in Dart

Custom Annotations in Dart

Classes as Enums in Dart

Spread Operator in Collection Literals in Dart

StreamBuilder and StreamController in Dart

Almost Equal in Dart

Enum Associated Values in Dart

Implementing Comparable in Dart

Implementing Custom Integer Types in Dart

Custom Subscripts in Dart

Dart List Enumeration with Index

Applying Mixins to Other Mixins in Dart

Parameter Types in Dart

Custom Exceptions in Dart

rethrowing Exceptions in Dart

mixins and JSON Parsing in Dart

mixins vs abstract classes in Dart

Drawing Shapes in Flutter with LayoutBuilder, CustomPaint and CustomPainter

Generic Type Aliases in Dart

Callable Classes in Dart

Synchronous Generators in Dart

Implicit Interfaces in Dart

Did you know that in #Dart, every #class implicitly exports an #interface that can be #implemented (as opposed to #extended) by other classes? This is called "implicit interface".

Do you know how "const" constructors work in #Dart?

Did you know that in #Dart, it is actually preferred to use #async and #await over using raw #Futures?

In #Dart, you can use a combination of #Initializer #List plus default values for your class #member #fields to create elegant and handy convenience initializers

Did you know that in #Dart, you can extract elements of a certain type from your Lists using the #whereType #generic #function instead of calculating the #equality yourselves?

Do you know about #Type #Promotion in Dart?

"address" is an optional field of the "Person" class. If you look at the "doThis()" function you see that I'm saving the value of address in a local variable and then comparing it with null and then returning if it's null. The Dart compiler is intelligent enough to understand that after the if-statement, "address" is NOT null anymore since you've already compared it with null and returned from the function.

If you look at the "insteadOfThis" function, the first one, the Dart compiler cannot make the same assumption if you don't first store the value of address in a local variable. In that first function the Dart compiler, even after the if-statement, needs you to refer to address as an optional, using "address?" syntax.

The mechanism the Dart compiler uses in the "doThis()" function is called Type Promotion.

4 lines of #Dart code that include the #spread operator, #cascade #operator, #generics, #extensions, #private prefix and #getters

Functions as First Class Citizens in Dart

Download Details: 
Author: vandadnp
Source Code: https://github.com/vandadnp/flutter-tips-and-tricks

#flutter #dart #programming #developer 

Fredy  Larson

Fredy Larson

1595059664

How long does it take to develop/build an app?

With more of us using smartphones, the popularity of mobile applications has exploded. In the digital era, the number of people looking for products and services online is growing rapidly. Smartphone owners look for mobile applications that give them quick access to companies’ products and services. As a result, mobile apps provide customers with a lot of benefits in just one device.

Likewise, companies use mobile apps to increase customer loyalty and improve their services. Mobile Developers are in high demand as companies use apps not only to create brand awareness but also to gather information. For that reason, mobile apps are used as tools to collect valuable data from customers to help companies improve their offer.

There are many types of mobile applications, each with its own advantages. For example, native apps perform better, while web apps don’t need to be customized for the platform or operating system (OS). Likewise, hybrid apps provide users with comfortable user experience. However, you may be wondering how long it takes to develop an app.

To give you an idea of how long the app development process takes, here’s a short guide.

App Idea & Research

app-idea-research

_Average time spent: two to five weeks _

This is the initial stage and a crucial step in setting the project in the right direction. In this stage, you brainstorm ideas and select the best one. Apart from that, you’ll need to do some research to see if your idea is viable. Remember that coming up with an idea is easy; the hard part is to make it a reality.

All your ideas may seem viable, but you still have to run some tests to keep it as real as possible. For that reason, when Web Developers are building a web app, they analyze the available ideas to see which one is the best match for the targeted audience.

Targeting the right audience is crucial when you are developing an app. It saves time when shaping the app in the right direction as you have a clear set of objectives. Likewise, analyzing how the app affects the market is essential. During the research process, App Developers must gather information about potential competitors and threats. This helps the app owners develop strategies to tackle difficulties that come up after the launch.

The research process can take several weeks, but it determines how successful your app can be. For that reason, you must take your time to know all the weaknesses and strengths of the competitors, possible app strategies, and targeted audience.

The outcomes of this stage are app prototypes and the minimum feasible product.

#android app #frontend #ios app #minimum viable product (mvp) #mobile app development #web development #android app development #app development #app development for ios and android #app development process #ios and android app development #ios app development #stages in app development

Carmen  Grimes

Carmen Grimes

1595494844

How to start an electric scooter facility/fleet in a university campus/IT park

Are you leading an organization that has a large campus, e.g., a large university? You are probably thinking of introducing an electric scooter/bicycle fleet on the campus, and why wouldn’t you?

Introducing micro-mobility in your campus with the help of such a fleet would help the people on the campus significantly. People would save money since they don’t need to use a car for a short distance. Your campus will see a drastic reduction in congestion, moreover, its carbon footprint will reduce.

Micro-mobility is relatively new though and you would need help. You would need to select an appropriate fleet of vehicles. The people on your campus would need to find electric scooters or electric bikes for commuting, and you need to provide a solution for this.

To be more specific, you need a short-term electric bike rental app. With such an app, you will be able to easily offer micro-mobility to the people on the campus. We at Devathon have built Autorent exactly for this.

What does Autorent do and how can it help you? How does it enable you to introduce micro-mobility on your campus? We explain these in this article, however, we will touch upon a few basics first.

Micro-mobility: What it is

micro-mobility

You are probably thinking about micro-mobility relatively recently, aren’t you? A few relevant insights about it could help you to better appreciate its importance.

Micro-mobility is a new trend in transportation, and it uses vehicles that are considerably smaller than cars. Electric scooters (e-scooters) and electric bikes (e-bikes) are the most popular forms of micro-mobility, however, there are also e-unicycles and e-skateboards.

You might have already seen e-scooters, which are kick scooters that come with a motor. Thanks to its motor, an e-scooter can achieve a speed of up to 20 km/h. On the other hand, e-bikes are popular in China and Japan, and they come with a motor, and you can reach a speed of 40 km/h.

You obviously can’t use these vehicles for very long commutes, however, what if you need to travel a short distance? Even if you have a reasonable public transport facility in the city, it might not cover the route you need to take. Take the example of a large university campus. Such a campus is often at a considerable distance from the central business district of the city where it’s located. While public transport facilities may serve the central business district, they wouldn’t serve this large campus. Currently, many people drive their cars even for short distances.

As you know, that brings its own set of challenges. Vehicular traffic adds significantly to pollution, moreover, finding a parking spot can be hard in crowded urban districts.

Well, you can reduce your carbon footprint if you use an electric car. However, electric cars are still new, and many countries are still building the necessary infrastructure for them. Your large campus might not have the necessary infrastructure for them either. Presently, electric cars don’t represent a viable option in most geographies.

As a result, you need to buy and maintain a car even if your commute is short. In addition to dealing with parking problems, you need to spend significantly on your car.

All of these factors have combined to make people sit up and think seriously about cars. Many people are now seriously considering whether a car is really the best option even if they have to commute only a short distance.

This is where micro-mobility enters the picture. When you commute a short distance regularly, e-scooters or e-bikes are viable options. You limit your carbon footprints and you cut costs!

Businesses have seen this shift in thinking, and e-scooter companies like Lime and Bird have entered this field in a big way. They let you rent e-scooters by the minute. On the other hand, start-ups like Jump and Lyft have entered the e-bike market.

Think of your campus now! The people there might need to travel short distances within the campus, and e-scooters can really help them.

How micro-mobility can benefit you

benefits-micromobility

What advantages can you get from micro-mobility? Let’s take a deeper look into this question.

Micro-mobility can offer several advantages to the people on your campus, e.g.:

  • Affordability: Shared e-scooters are cheaper than other mass transportation options. Remember that the people on your campus will use them on a shared basis, and they will pay for their short commutes only. Well, depending on your operating model, you might even let them use shared e-scooters or e-bikes for free!
  • Convenience: Users don’t need to worry about finding parking spots for shared e-scooters since these are small. They can easily travel from point A to point B on your campus with the help of these e-scooters.
  • Environmentally sustainable: Shared e-scooters reduce the carbon footprint, moreover, they decongest the roads. Statistics from the pilot programs in cities like Portland and Denver showimpressive gains around this key aspect.
  • Safety: This one’s obvious, isn’t it? When people on your campus use small e-scooters or e-bikes instead of cars, the problem of overspeeding will disappear. you will see fewer accidents.

#android app #autorent #ios app #mobile app development #app like bird #app like bounce #app like lime #autorent #bird scooter business model #bird scooter rental #bird scooter rental cost #bird scooter rental price #clone app like bird #clone app like bounce #clone app like lime #electric rental scooters #electric scooter company #electric scooter rental business #how do you start a moped #how to start a moped #how to start a scooter rental business #how to start an electric company #how to start electric scooterrental business #lime scooter business model #scooter franchise #scooter rental business #scooter rental business for sale #scooter rental business insurance #scooters franchise cost #white label app like bird #white label app like bounce #white label app like lime

Carmen  Grimes

Carmen Grimes

1595491178

Best Electric Bikes and Scooters for Rental Business or Campus Facility

The electric scooter revolution has caught on super-fast taking many cities across the globe by storm. eScooters, a renovated version of old-school scooters now turned into electric vehicles are an environmentally friendly solution to current on-demand commute problems. They work on engines, like cars, enabling short traveling distances without hassle. The result is that these groundbreaking electric machines can now provide faster transport for less — cheaper than Uber and faster than Metro.

Since they are durable, fast, easy to operate and maintain, and are more convenient to park compared to four-wheelers, the eScooters trend has and continues to spike interest as a promising growth area. Several companies and universities are increasingly setting up shop to provide eScooter services realizing a would-be profitable business model and a ready customer base that is university students or residents in need of faster and cheap travel going about their business in school, town, and other surrounding areas.

Electric Scooters Trends and Statistics

In many countries including the U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, China, Japan, India, Brazil and Mexico and more, a growing number of eScooter users both locals and tourists can now be seen effortlessly passing lines of drivers stuck in the endless and unmoving traffic.

A recent report by McKinsey revealed that the E-Scooter industry will be worth― $200 billion to $300 billion in the United States, $100 billion to $150 billion in Europe, and $30 billion to $50 billion in China in 2030. The e-Scooter revenue model will also spike and is projected to rise by more than 20% amounting to approximately $5 billion.

And, with a necessity to move people away from high carbon prints, traffic and congestion issues brought about by car-centric transport systems in cities, more and more city planners are developing more bike/scooter lanes and adopting zero-emission plans. This is the force behind the booming electric scooter market and the numbers will only go higher and higher.

Companies that have taken advantage of the growing eScooter trend develop an appthat allows them to provide efficient eScooter services. Such an app enables them to be able to locate bike pick-up and drop points through fully integrated google maps.

List of Best Electric Bikes for Rental Business or Campus Facility 2020:

It’s clear that e scooters will increasingly become more common and the e-scooter business model will continue to grab the attention of manufacturers, investors, entrepreneurs. All this should go ahead with a quest to know what are some of the best electric bikes in the market especially for anyone who would want to get started in the electric bikes/scooters rental business.

We have done a comprehensive list of the best electric bikes! Each bike has been reviewed in depth and includes a full list of specs and a photo.

Billy eBike

mobile-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/enkicycles/billy-were-redefining-joyrides

To start us off is the Billy eBike, a powerful go-anywhere urban electric bike that’s specially designed to offer an exciting ride like no other whether you want to ride to the grocery store, cafe, work or school. The Billy eBike comes in 4 color options – Billy Blue, Polished aluminium, Artic white, and Stealth black.

Price: $2490

Available countries

Available in the USA, Europe, Asia, South Africa and Australia.This item ships from the USA. Buyers are therefore responsible for any taxes and/or customs duties incurred once it arrives in your country.

Features

  • Control – Ride with confidence with our ultra-wide BMX bars and a hyper-responsive twist throttle.
  • Stealth- Ride like a ninja with our Gates carbon drive that’s as smooth as butter and maintenance-free.
  • Drive – Ride further with our high torque fat bike motor, giving a better climbing performance.
  • Accelerate – Ride quicker with our 20-inch lightweight cutout rims for improved acceleration.
  • Customize – Ride your own way with 5 levels of power control. Each level determines power and speed.
  • Flickable – Ride harder with our BMX /MotoX inspired geometry and lightweight aluminum package

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 20 mph (32 km/h)
  • Range per charge: 41 miles (66 km)
  • Maximum Power: 500W
  • Motor type: Fat Bike Motor: Bafang RM G060.500.DC
  • Load capacity: 300lbs (136kg)
  • Battery type: 13.6Ah Samsung lithium-ion,
  • Battery capacity: On/off-bike charging available
  • Weight: w/o batt. 48.5lbs (22kg), w/ batt. 54lbs (24.5kg)
  • Front Suspension: Fully adjustable air shock, preload/compression damping /lockout
  • Rear Suspension: spring, preload adjustment
  • Built-in GPS

Why Should You Buy This?

  • Riding fun and excitement
  • Better climbing ability and faster acceleration.
  • Ride with confidence
  • Billy folds for convenient storage and transportation.
  • Shorty levers connect to disc brakes ensuring you stop on a dime
  • belt drives are maintenance-free and clean (no oil or lubrication needed)

**Who Should Ride Billy? **

Both new and experienced riders

**Where to Buy? **Local distributors or ships from the USA.

Genze 200 series e-Bike

genze-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://www.genze.com/fleet/

Featuring a sleek and lightweight aluminum frame design, the 200-Series ebike takes your riding experience to greater heights. Available in both black and white this ebike comes with a connected app, which allows you to plan activities, map distances and routes while also allowing connections with fellow riders.

Price: $2099.00

Available countries

The Genze 200 series e-Bike is available at GenZe retail locations across the U.S or online via GenZe.com website. Customers from outside the US can ship the product while incurring the relevant charges.

Features

  • 2 Frame Options
  • 2 Sizes
  • Integrated/Removable Battery
  • Throttle and Pedal Assist Ride Modes
  • Integrated LCD Display
  • Connected App
  • 24 month warranty
  • GPS navigation
  • Bluetooth connectivity

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 20 mph with throttle
  • Range per charge: 15-18 miles w/ throttle and 30-50 miles w/ pedal assist
  • Charging time: 3.5 hours
  • Motor type: Brushless Rear Hub Motor
  • Gears: Microshift Thumb Shifter
  • Battery type: Removable Samsung 36V, 9.6AH Li-Ion battery pack
  • Battery capacity: 36V and 350 Wh
  • Weight: 46 pounds
  • Derailleur: 8-speed Shimano
  • Brakes: Dual classic
  • Wheels: 26 x 20 inches
  • Frame: 16, and 18 inches
  • Operating Mode: Analog mode 5 levels of Pedal Assist Thrott­le Mode

Norco from eBikestore

norco-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://ebikestore.com/shop/norco-vlt-s2/

The Norco VLT S2 is a front suspension e-Bike with solid components alongside the reliable Bosch Performance Line Power systems that offer precise pedal assistance during any riding situation.

Price: $2,699.00

Available countries

This item is available via the various Norco bikes international distributors.

Features

  • VLT aluminum frame- for stiffness and wheel security.
  • Bosch e-bike system – for their reliability and performance.
  • E-bike components – for added durability.
  • Hydraulic disc brakes – offer riders more stopping power for safety and control at higher speeds.
  • Practical design features – to add convenience and versatility.

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: KMC X9 9spd
  • Motor type: Bosch Active Line
  • Gears: Shimano Altus RD-M2000, SGS, 9 Speed
  • Battery type: Power Pack 400
  • Battery capacity: 396Wh
  • Suspension: SR Suntour suspension fork
  • Frame: Norco VLT, Aluminum, 12x142mm TA Dropouts

Bodo EV

bodo-best-electric-bikes-scootershttp://www.bodoevs.com/bodoev/products_show.asp?product_id=13

Manufactured by Bodo Vehicle Group Limited, the Bodo EV is specially designed for strong power and extraordinary long service to facilitate super amazing rides. The Bodo Vehicle Company is a striking top in electric vehicles brand field in China and across the globe. Their Bodo EV will no doubt provide your riders with high-level riding satisfaction owing to its high-quality design, strength, breaking stability and speed.

Price: $799

Available countries

This item ships from China with buyers bearing the shipping costs and other variables prior to delivery.

Features

  • Reliable
  • Environment friendly
  • Comfortable riding
  • Fashionable
  • Economical
  • Durable – long service life
  • Braking stability
  • LED lighting technology

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 45km/h
  • Range per charge: 50km per person
  • Charging time: 8 hours
  • Maximum Power: 3000W
  • Motor type: Brushless DC Motor
  • Load capacity: 100kg
  • Battery type: Lead-acid battery
  • Battery capacity: 60V 20AH
  • Weight: w/o battery 47kg

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ThruwayBundle: Bundle for Building Real-time Apps in Symfony

ThruwayBundle

This a Symfony Bundle for Thruway, which is a php implementation of WAMP (Web Application Messaging Protocol).

Note: This project is still undergoing a lot of changes, so the API will change.

Quick Start with Composer

Install the Thruway Bundle

  $ composer require "voryx/thruway-bundle"

Update AppKernel.php (when using Symfony < 4)

$bundles = array(
    // ...
    new Voryx\ThruwayBundle\VoryxThruwayBundle(),
    // ...
);

Configuration

#app/config/config.yml

voryx_thruway:
    realm: 'realm1'
    url: 'ws://127.0.0.1:8081' #The url that the clients will use to connect to the router
    router:
        ip: '127.0.0.1'  # the ip that the router should start on
        port: '8080'  # public facing port.  If authentication is enabled, this port will be protected
        trusted_port: '8081' # Bypasses all authentication.  Use this for trusted clients.
#        authentication: false # true will load the AuthenticationManager
    locations:
        bundles: ["AppBundle"]
#        files:
#            - "Acme\\DemoBundle\\Controller\\DemoController"
#
# For symfony 4, this bundle will automatically scan for annotated worker files in the src/Controller folder
      

With Symfony 4 use a filename like: config/packages/voryx.yaml

If you are using the in-memory user provider, you'll need to add a thruway to the security firewall and set the in_memory_user_provider.

#app/config/security.yml

security: 
   firewalls:
        thruway:
            security: false	     

You can also tag services with thruway.resource and any annotation will get picked up

<service id="some.service" class="Acme\Bundle\SomeService">
    <tag name="thruway.resource"/>
</service>

Note: tagging a service as thruway.resource will make it public.

services:
    App\Worker\:
        resource: '../src/Worker'
        tags: ['thruway.resource']

Authentication with FOSUserBundle via WampCRA

Change the Password Encoder (tricky on existing sites) to master wamp challenge

#app/config/security.yml

security:
    ...
    encoders:
        FOS\UserBundle\Model\UserInterface:
            algorithm:            pbkdf2
            hash_algorithm:       sha256
            encode_as_base64:     true
            iterations:           1000
            key_length:           32

set voryx_thruway.user_provider to "fos_user.user_provider"

#app/config/config.yml

voryx_thruway:
    user_provider: 'fos_user.user_provider.username' #fos_user.user_provider.username_email login with email

The WAMP-CRA service is already configured, we just need to add a tag to it to have the bundle install it:

    wamp_cra_auth:
        class: Thruway\Authentication\WampCraAuthProvider
        parent: voryx.thruway.wamp.cra.auth.client
        tags:
            - { name: thruway.internal_client }

Custom Authorization Manager

You can set your own Authorization Manager in order to check if a user (identified by its authid) is allowed to publish | subscribe | call | register

Create your Authorization Manager service, extending RouterModuleClient and implementing RealmModuleInterface (see the Thruway doc for details)

// src/ACME/AppBundle/Security/MyAuthorizationManager.php


use Thruway\Event\MessageEvent;
use Thruway\Event\NewRealmEvent;
use Thruway\Module\RealmModuleInterface;
use Thruway\Module\RouterModuleClient;

class MyAuthorizationManager extends RouterModuleClient implements RealmModuleInterface
{
    /**
     * Listen for Router events.
     * Required to add the authorization module to the realm
     *
     * @return array
     */
    public static function getSubscribedEvents()
    {
        return [
            'new_realm' => ['handleNewRealm', 10]
        ];
    }

    /**
     * @param NewRealmEvent $newRealmEvent
     */
    public function handleNewRealm(NewRealmEvent $newRealmEvent)
    {
        $realm = $newRealmEvent->realm;

        if ($realm->getRealmName() === $this->getRealm()) {
            $realm->addModule($this);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @return array
     */
    public function getSubscribedRealmEvents()
    {
        return [
            'PublishMessageEvent'   => ['authorize', 100],
            'SubscribeMessageEvent' => ['authorize', 100],
            'RegisterMessageEvent'  => ['authorize', 100],
            'CallMessageEvent'      => ['authorize', 100],
        ];
    }

    /**
     * @param MessageEvent $msg
     * @return bool
     */
    public function authorize(MessageEvent $msg)
    {
        if ($msg->session->getAuthenticationDetails()->getAuthId() === 'username') {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
}

Register your authorization manager service

     my_authorization_manager:
        class: ACME\AppBundle\Security\MyAuthorizationManager

Insert your service name in the voryx_thruway config

#app/config/config.yml

voryx_thruway:
    ...
        authorization: my_authorization_manager # insert the name of your custom authorizationManager
   ...

Restart the Thruway server; it will now check authorization upon publish | subscribe | call | register. Remember to catch error when you try to subscribe to a topic (or any other action) as it may now be denied and this will be returned as an error.

Usage

Register RPC

    use Voryx\ThruwayBundle\Annotation\Register;
    
    /**
     *
     * @Register("com.example.add")
     *
     */
    public function addAction($num1, $num2)
    {
        return $num1 + $num2;
    }

Call RPC

    public function call($value)
    {
        $client = $this->container->get('thruway.client');
        $client->call("com.myapp.add", [2, 3])->then(
            function ($res) {
                echo $res[0];
            }
        );
    }

Subscribe

     use Voryx\ThruwayBundle\Annotation\Subscribe;

    /**
     *
     * @Subscribe("com.example.subscribe")
     *
     */
    public function subscribe($value)
    {
        echo $value;
    }

Publish

    public function publish($value)
    {
        $client = $this->container->get('thruway.client');
        $client->publish("com.myapp.hello_pubsub", [$value]);
    }

It uses Symfony Serializer, so it can serialize and deserialize Entities

         use Voryx\ThruwayBundle\Annotation\Register;

    /**
     *
     * @Register("com.example.addrpc", serializerEnableMaxDepthChecks=true)
     *
     */
    public function addAction(Post $post)
    {
        //Do something to $post

        return $post;
    }

Start the Thruway Process

You can start the default Thruway workers (router and client workers), without any additional configuration.

$ nohup php app/console thruway:process start &

By default, the router starts on ws://127.0.0.1:8080

Workers

The Thruway bundle will start up a separate process for the router and each defined worker. If you haven't defined any workers, all of the annotated calls and subscriptions will be started within the default worker.

There are two main ways to break your application apart into multiple workers.

Use the worker property on the Register and Subscribe annotations. The following RPC will be added to the posts worker.

  use Voryx\ThruwayBundle\Annotation\Register;

  /**
  * @Register("com.example.addrpc", serializerEnableMaxDepthChecks=true, worker="posts")
  */
  public function addAction(Post $post)

Use the @Worker annotation on the class. The following annotation will create a worker called chat that can have a max of 5 instances.

  use Voryx\ThruwayBundle\Annotation\Worker;

  /**
  * @Worker("chat", maxProcesses="5")
  */
  class ChatController

If a worker is shut down with anything other than SIGTERM, it will automatically be restarted.

More Commands

To see a list of running processes (workers)

$ php app/console thruway:process status

Stop a process, i.e. default

$ php app/console thruway:process stop default

Start a process, i.e. default

$ php app/console thruway:process start default

Javascript Client

For the client, you can use AutobahnJS or any other WAMPv2 compatible client.

Here are some examples

Symfony 4 Quick Start

composer create-project symfony/skeleton my_project
cd my_project
composer require symfony/expression-language
composer require symfony/annotations-pack
composer require voryx/thruway-bundle:dev-master

Create config/packages/my_project.yml with the following config:

voryx_thruway:
    realm: 'realm1'
    url: 'ws://127.0.0.1:8081' #The url that the clients will use to connect to the router
    router:
        ip: '127.0.0.1'  # the ip that the router should start on
        port: '8080'  # public facing port.  If authentication is enabled, this port will be protected
        trusted_port: '8081' # Bypasses all authentication.  Use this for trusted clients.

Create the controller src/Controller/TestController.php

<?php
namespace App\Controller;

use Voryx\ThruwayBundle\Annotation\Register;

class TestController
{
    /**
     * @Register("com.example.add")
     */
    public function addAction($num1, $num2)
    {
        return $num1 + $num2;
    }
}

Test to see if the RPC has been configured correctly bin/console thruway:debug

 URI             Type Worker  File                                                  Method    
 com.example.add RPC  default /my_project/src/Controller/TestController.php         addAction 

For more debug info for the RPC we created: bin/console thruway:debug com.example.add

Start everything: bin/console thruway:process start

The RPC com.example.add is now available to any WAMP client connected to ws://127.0.0.1:8081 on realm1.

Author: Voryx
Source Code: https://github.com/voryx/ThruwayBundle 
License: 

#php #symfony