1596384780

# How to Effectively Predict Imbalanced Classes in Python

By a curious twist of fate, the amount of time I generally spend on classification problems is much more than that on regression problems. And as luck would have it, I get to work with imbalanced datasets more often than not. Perhaps this is because my day job involves prediction and analysis of credit risk, probability of default, and other fraud risks!

It is not common for one to come across payment defaults, payment delays, and fraud events on a regular basis in the usual scheme of things. This is to say that the proportion of such events, when compared to payments that are made on time or normal non-fraudulent activities, is usually very low.
This is a very simple illustration of an imbalanced dataset whereby one set (or class) of activity (e.g., payment default) forms a very low proportion of the total number of activities (e.g., defaults and normal payments) in the sample.

Now let’s see why we need to be careful when confronted with, and how to deal with, imbalanced classification problems.

#technology #machine-learning #python #data-science

1619510796

## Lambda, Map, Filter functions in python

Welcome to my Blog, In this article, we will learn python lambda function, Map function, and filter function.

Lambda function in python: Lambda is a one line anonymous function and lambda takes any number of arguments but can only have one expression and python lambda syntax is

Syntax: x = lambda arguments : expression

Now i will show you some python lambda function examples:

#python #anonymous function python #filter function in python #lambda #lambda python 3 #map python #python filter #python filter lambda #python lambda #python lambda examples #python map

1662107520

## Superdom: Better and Simpler ES6 DOM Manipulation

Superdom

You have `dom`. It has all the DOM virtually within it. Use that power:

``````// Fetch all the page links

// Links open in a new tab
dom.a.target = '_blank';
``````

Only for modern browsers

### Getting started

Simply use the CDN via unpkg.com:

``````<script src="https://unpkg.com/superdom@1"></script>
``````

Or use npm or bower:

``````npm|bower install superdom --save
``````

## Select

It always returns an array with the matched elements. Get all the elements that match the selector:

``````// Simple element selector into an array

// Loop straight on the selection

// Combined selector
``````

There are also some predetermined elements, such as `id`, `class` and `attr`:

``````// Select HTML Elements by id:
let main = dom.id.main;

// by class:
let buttons = dom.class.button;

// or by attribute:
let targeted = dom.attr.target;
let targeted = dom.attr['target="_blank"'];
``````

## Generate

Use it as a function or a tagged template literal to generate DOM fragments:

``````// Not a typo; tagged template literals

// It is the same as
``````

## Delete elements

Delete a piece of the DOM

``````// Delete all of the elements with the class .google
``````

## Attributes

You can easily manipulate attributes right from the `dom` node. There are some aliases that share the syntax of the attributes such as `html` and `text` (aliases for `innerHTML` and `textContent`). There are others that travel through the dom such as `parent` (alias for parentNode) and `children`. Finally, `class` behaves differently as explained below.

### Get attributes

The fetching will always return an array with the element for each of the matched nodes (or undefined if not there):

``````// Retrieve all the urls from the page
let urls = dom.a.href;     // #attr-list

// Get an array of the h2 contents (alias of innerHTML)
let h2s = dom.h2.html;     // #attr-alias

// Get whether any of the attributes has the value "_blank"
let hasBlank = dom.class.cta.target._blank;    // #attr-value
// true/false
``````

You also use these:

• html (alias of `innerHTML`): retrieve a list of the htmls
• text (alias of `textContent`): retrieve a list of the htmls
• parent (alias of `parentNode`): travel up one level
• children: travel down one level

### Set attributes

``````// Set target="_blank" to all links
dom.a.target = '_blank';     // #attr-set
``````
``````dom.class.tableofcontents.html = `
<ul class="tableofcontents">
\${dom.h2.map(h2 => `
<li>
<a href="#\${h2.id}">
\${h2.innerHTML}
</a>
</li>
`).join('')}
</ul>
`;
``````

### Remove an attribute

To delete an attribute use the `delete` keyword:

``````// Remove all urls from the page
delete dom.a.href;

// Remove all ids
delete dom.a.id;
``````

## Classes

It provides an easy way to manipulate the classes.

### Get classes

To retrieve whether a particular class is present or not:

``````// Get an array with true/false for a single class
let isTest = dom.a.class.test;     // #class-one
``````

For a general method to retrieve all classes you can do:

``````// Get a list of the classes of each matched element
let arrays = dom.a.class;     // #class-arrays
// [['important'], ['button', 'cta'], ...]

// If you want a plain list with all of the classes:
let flatten = dom.a.class._flat;     // #class-flat
// ['important', 'button', 'cta', ...]

// And if you just want an string with space-separated classes:
let text = dom.a.class._text;     // #class-text
// 'important button cta ...'
``````

``````// Add the class 'test' (different ways)
dom.a.class.test = true;    // #class-make-true
dom.a.class = 'test';       // #class-push
``````

### Remove a class

``````// Remove the class 'test'
dom.a.class.test = false;    // #class-make-false
``````

## Manipulate

Did we say it returns a simple array?

``````dom.a.forEach(link => link.innerHTML = 'I am a link');
``````

But what an interesting array it is; indeed we are also proxy'ing it so you can manipulate its sub-elements straight from the selector:

``````// Replace all of the link's html with 'I am a link'
dom.a.html = 'I am a link';
``````

Of course we might want to manipulate them dynamically depending on the current value. Just pass it a function:

``````// Append ' ^_^' to all of the links in the page
dom.a.html = html => html + ' ^_^';

// Same as this:
``````

Note: this won't work `dom.a.html += ' ^_^';` for more than 1 match (for reasons)

Or get into genetics to manipulate the attributes:

``````dom.a.attr.target = '_blank';

// Only to external sites:
let isOwnPage = el => /^https?\:\/\/mypage\.com/.test(el.getAttribute('href'));
dom.a.attr.target = (prev, i, element) => isOwnPage(element) ? '' : '_blank';
``````

## Events

You can also handle and trigger events:

``````// Handle click events for all <a>
dom.a.on.click = e => ...;

// Trigger click event for all <a>
dom.a.trigger.click;
``````

## Testing

We are using Jest as a Grunt task for testing. Install Jest and run in the terminal:

``grunt watch``

Author: franciscop
Source Code: https://github.com/franciscop/superdom

1626775355

## Why use Python for Software Development

No programming language is pretty much as diverse as Python. It enables building cutting edge applications effortlessly. Developers are as yet investigating the full capability of end-to-end Python development services in various areas.

By areas, we mean FinTech, HealthTech, InsureTech, Cybersecurity, and that's just the beginning. These are New Economy areas, and Python has the ability to serve every one of them. The vast majority of them require massive computational abilities. Python's code is dynamic and powerful - equipped for taking care of the heavy traffic and substantial algorithmic capacities.

Programming advancement is multidimensional today. Endeavor programming requires an intelligent application with AI and ML capacities. Shopper based applications require information examination to convey a superior client experience. Netflix, Trello, and Amazon are genuine instances of such applications. Python assists with building them effortlessly.

## 5 Reasons to Utilize Python for Programming Web Apps

Python can do such numerous things that developers can't discover enough reasons to admire it. Python application development isn't restricted to web and enterprise applications. It is exceptionally adaptable and superb for a wide range of uses.

Robust frameworks

Python is known for its tools and frameworks. There's a structure for everything. Django is helpful for building web applications, venture applications, logical applications, and mathematical processing. Flask is another web improvement framework with no conditions.

Web2Py, CherryPy, and Falcon offer incredible capabilities to customize Python development services. A large portion of them are open-source frameworks that allow quick turn of events.

Python has an improved sentence structure - one that is like the English language. New engineers for Python can undoubtedly understand where they stand in the development process. The simplicity of composing allows quick application building.

The motivation behind building Python, as said by its maker Guido Van Rossum, was to empower even beginner engineers to comprehend the programming language. The simple coding likewise permits developers to roll out speedy improvements without getting confused by pointless subtleties.

Utilized by the best

Alright - Python isn't simply one more programming language. It should have something, which is the reason the business giants use it. Furthermore, that too for different purposes. Developers at Google use Python to assemble framework organization systems, parallel information pusher, code audit, testing and QA, and substantially more. Netflix utilizes Python web development services for its recommendation algorithm and media player.

Massive community support

Python has a steadily developing community that offers enormous help. From amateurs to specialists, there's everybody. There are a lot of instructional exercises, documentation, and guides accessible for Python web development solutions.

Today, numerous universities start with Python, adding to the quantity of individuals in the community. Frequently, Python designers team up on various tasks and help each other with algorithmic, utilitarian, and application critical thinking.

Progressive applications

Python is the greatest supporter of data science, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence at any enterprise software development company. Its utilization cases in cutting edge applications are the most compelling motivation for its prosperity. Python is the second most well known tool after R for data analytics.

The simplicity of getting sorted out, overseeing, and visualizing information through unique libraries makes it ideal for data based applications. TensorFlow for neural networks and OpenCV for computer vision are two of Python's most well known use cases for Machine learning applications.

### Summary

Thinking about the advances in programming and innovation, Python is a YES for an assorted scope of utilizations. Game development, web application development services, GUI advancement, ML and AI improvement, Enterprise and customer applications - every one of them uses Python to its full potential.

The disadvantages of Python web improvement arrangements are regularly disregarded by developers and organizations because of the advantages it gives. They focus on quality over speed and performance over blunders. That is the reason it's a good idea to utilize Python for building the applications of the future.

#python development services #python development company #python app development #python development #python in web development #python software development

1602968400

## Python Tricks Every Developer Should Know

Python is awesome, it’s one of the easiest languages with simple and intuitive syntax but wait, have you ever thought that there might ways to write your python code simpler?

In this tutorial, you’re going to learn a variety of Python tricks that you can use to write your Python code in a more readable and efficient way like a pro.

### Let’s get started

Swapping value in Python

Instead of creating a temporary variable to hold the value of the one while swapping, you can do this instead

``````>>> FirstName = "kalebu"
>>> LastName = "Jordan"
>>> FirstName, LastName = LastName, FirstName
>>> print(FirstName, LastName)
('Jordan', 'kalebu')
``````

#python #python-programming #python3 #python-tutorials #learn-python #python-tips #python-skills #python-development

1602666000

## How to Remove all Duplicate Files on your Drive via Python

Today you’re going to learn how to use Python programming in a way that can ultimately save a lot of space on your drive by removing all the duplicates.

### Intro

In many situations you may find yourself having duplicates files on your disk and but when it comes to tracking and checking them manually it can tedious.

Heres a solution

But How do we do it?

If we were to read the whole file and then compare it to the rest of the files recursively through the given directory it will take a very long time, then how do we do it?

The answer is hashing, with hashing can generate a given string of letters and numbers which act as the identity of a given file and if we find any other file with the same identity we gonna delete it.

There’s a variety of hashing algorithms out there such as

• md5
• sha1
• sha224, sha256, sha384 and sha512

#python-programming #python-tutorials #learn-python #python-project #python3 #python #python-skills #python-tips