Functional Programming Techniques in Java with Examples

Functional Programming Techniques in Java with Examples

In this article, I will write about how to write code using Java’s API for functional programming. In the end, we will write our own stream API so we can understand how to implement a functional programming style in Java.

If you’re a Java developer, I’m sure that you have seen code similar to the featured image snippet above at least once. The code in the snippet above is an example of functional programming paradigm implementation in Java, which will filter and transform the 

List<String> in the request to another List<String>.

In this article, I will write about how to write code using Java’s API for functional programming. In the end, we will write our own stream API so we can understand how to implement a functional programming style in Java.

Functional Programming in Java

Functional programming in Java has been around for a long time. When Oracle released Java 8 back in 2014, they introduced lambda expression, which was the core feature for functional programming in Java.

Let’s see an example of the difference between using a sequence of imperative statements and using a functional style in Java.

Imperative declaration code example:

Functional declaration code example:

As we can see, even though both pieces of code achieve the same result, the difference is significant. The imperative declaration code has many curly braces and is much longer, which makes it harder to read, compared to the functional style code.

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What is Functional Programming?

Most of what I will discuss in this article is knowledge accumulated from reading, “Functional Programming in JavaScript”, by Luis Atencio. In simple terms, functional programming is a software development style that places a major emphasis on the use of functions.

Functional Programming

Functional Programming: Functional Programming is a Declarative style of Programming Paradigm for writing computer programs.

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