An introduction to Heartrate library

Simple real time visualisation of the execution of a Python program.

This library offers a simple real time visualisation of the execution of a Python program:

The numbers on the left are how many times each line has been hit. The bars show the lines that have been hit recently - longer bars mean more hits, lighter colours mean more recent.

Calls that are currently being executed are highlighted thanks to the executing library.

It also shows a live stacktrace:

Installation

pip install --user heartrate

Supports Python 3.5+.

Usage

import heartrate; heartrate.trace(browser=True)

This will:

  • Start tracing your program
  • Start a server in a thread
  • Open a browser window displaying the visualisation of the file where trace() was called.

In the file view, the stacktrace is at the bottom. In the stacktrace, you can click on stack entries for files that are being traced to open the visualisation for that file at that line.

trace only traces the thread where it is called. To trace multiple threads, you must call it in each thread, with a different port each time.

Options

  • files determines which files get traced in addition to the one where trace was called. It must be a callable which accepts one argument: the path to a file, and returns True if the file should be traced. For convenience, a few functions are supplied for use, e.g.:
from heartrate import trace, files
trace(files=files.path_contains('my_app', 'my_library'))
  • The supplied functions are:
  • files.all: trace all files.
  • files.path_contains(*substrings) trace all files where the path contains any of the given substrings.
  • files.contains_regex(pattern) trace all files which contain the given regex in the file itself, so you can mark files to be traced in the source code, e.g. with a comment.
  • The default is to trace files containing the comment "# heartrate" (spaces optional).
  • If you're tracing multiple files, there are two ways to get to the pages with their visualisations:
  1. In the stacktrace, click on stack entries for files that are being traced. This will open the page and jump to the line in that stack entry.
  2. Go to the index page at http://localhost:9999/ (you can click on the logo in the top left corner) to see a list of traced files.
  • host: HTTP host for the server. To run a remote server accessible from anywhere, use '0.0.0.0'. Default '127.0.0.1'.
  • port: HTTP port for the server. Default 9999.
  • browser: if True, automatically opens a browser tab displaying the visualisation for the file where trace is called. False by default.

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Further reading about Python

Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python 3

Machine Learning A-Z™: Hands-On Python & R In Data Science

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Complete Python Masterclass

Python Tutorial - Python GUI Programming - Python GUI Examples (Tkinter Tutorial)

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An introduction to Heartrate library
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In this tutorial, we’ll be talking about what a library is and how they are useful. We will be looking at some examples in C, including the C Standard I/O Library and the C Standard Math Library, but these concepts can be applied to many different languages. Thank you for watching and happy coding!

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