What is LABS Group (LABS) | What is LABS Group token | What is LABS token

WORLD’S FIRST END TO END BLOCKCHAIN POWERED REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT ECOSYSTEM

Disrupting real estate investments in the largest asset class through the world’s first end to end real estate investment ecosystem by fractionalizing real estate investments. Powered by the LABS ecosystem token through decentralized finance (DeFi) and governance.

LABS ECOSYSTEM

Fractionalization

Fractionalization allows investments to become more accessible. Eliminating the barrier of a high minimum investment. The average retail investor can access real estate investment products previously offered to qualified institutional buyers and accredited investors.

Crowdfunding

Investors will be able to invest in real estate products worldwide in fractional shares. Blockchain is allowing for borderless investment through the blockchain.

Lending

Collateralized lending is at the heart of the LABS Security Token. This allows investors to leverage their assets to loan more money to invest in new projects. This method allows for the derisking of their asset portfolios allowing for great profit.

Security Exchange

All securities on LABS will be traded on a real estate focused licensed security exchange that allows the legal trading of security assets on the secondary market. Real Estate assets are freely tradable offering higher liquidity then the traditional real estate investment.

LABS PLATFORM

LABS Utility Token supports the entire LABS ecosystem.

It helps drive utility and rewards through the crowdfunding, token issuance, lending and the LABS exchange.

Governance

Investors will be able to invest in real estate products worldwide in fractional shares. Blockchain is allowing for borderless investment through the blockchain

Access

Holders of LABS tokens will be allowed priority access with lowest price to real estate investments.

Incentive

Holders of LABS tokens will be given incentives on investing in real estate which can include discounts on investments and loans.

Nomination

Holders of LABS tokens will be able to nominate projects to the community for investment.

Stake for Rewards

Holders of staked LABS tokens will enjoy the benefits of a shared pool of rewards from the overall LABS business.

Liquidity

Investors will higher liquidity access of their assets through the LABS securities exchange and our collateralized lending products.

FAQ

Who is LABS?

LABS is a group of real estate and blockchain specialists based in Hong Kong with presence in China, US and Europe. LABS has global partnerships in both blockchain and real estate, including USA, China, Europe, ANZ, SEA, Middle East and other parts of Asia.

What is LABS business?

LABS stands for Liquifying Asset Backed Shares and that spells out its vision and mission.

LABS is Real Estate Digitalization Ecosystem. The group consists of an advisory business, am issuance and crowdfunding platform, as well as a licensed digital security exchange. Platform and exchange are fully built on blockchain.

What is LABS’ vision?

LABS strives to disrupt Real Estate investment by changing the way people invest in real estate and the way project owners raise their funds. It is also LABS vision to encourage financial inclusion and allow more people to protect and grow their assets.

So what are the real estate industry pain points?

Real estate is the single largest asset class valued at about 228 trillion USD according to a recent HSBC report. While it is an undeniably important asset class, it is highly illiquid. Real estate also has high cost of entry and hence not accessible to most or many people. Transacting real estate also incur high direct and indirect costs, likewise in managing the properties themselves.

More detailed explanation can be found in the LABS whitepaper.

LABS is the first project to introduce the G.A.I.N.S model on its utility token, namely:

  1. Governance
  2. Access
  3. Incentives
  4. Nomination
  5. Staking

All these details can be found on our whitepaper and this strong combination will bring great value and rewards to our backers.

Are LABS tokens Utility Tokens or Security Tokens?

LABS tokens are utility tokens in the first place, which will have great liquidity listing on many utility token exchanges.

You can choose to stake the tokens in the reward sharing pool for rewards sharing or not to. Hence, LABS tokens can both tailor to backers who have stronger preference on token price appreciation as well as those who care for more streaming rewards. Either way, one supports the other in our well-designed mechanism.

WHAT ARE THE LABS SOLUTIONS FOR THESE PAIN POINTS?

LABS Real Estate Digitisation Ecosystem comprises of 3 layers, namely Advisory and Project Management, Issuance and Crowdfunding Platform, and Digital Security Exchange. All are focused on the real estate verticals.

The crowdfunding and exchange platforms would allow fractionalisation of real estate and hence lower the entry costs by selling each part as low as 100USD. Our integrated Defi (Decentralised Finance) components will further improve liquidity and offer leveraging options as well.

Fully utilising blockchain and digital currencies in our design will allow seamless and low cost value distribution, including rental yields from the real estate projects.

LABS ecosystem resolves funding issues both at the project owners’ ends and retail investors’ ends.

WHERE DOES LABS WANT TO BE IN THE NEAR FUTURE?

LABS strive to be the largest real estate digitisation ecosystem and become a significant player

TELL US WHY WE SHOULD GET INVOLVED WITH LABS?

LABS is in the business of digitising real estate, making it easy and hassle-free for people to invest, hence encouraging financial inclusion and fulfil people’s dreams in own global real estate portfolio.

Along the process, LABS resolves the biggest challenge faced by the real estate industry: illiquidity. In business, we all know that if any business that can resolve pain points and meet demands, it will be heavily rewarded. LABS, being a blockchain business, believes in decentralisation and that includes sharing its earnings with its backers.

WHY IS LABS UNIQUE? WHAT ARE LABS COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES?

Real estate is a traditional business. Blockchain is a tech business. Finance is about complex structured products. You need a well balanced team that has comprehensive knowledge in these areas. LABS team has it all.

LABS is a full ecosystem that includes primary and secondary issuance while integrating defi components to further enhance liquidity.

WHO CAN BUY LABS TOKENS AND WHAT DO YOU ACCEPT?

We accept BTC, ETH and USDT/USDC.

We accept all backings from ALL countries EXCEPT the following list:

HOW CAN I CONTACT LABS FOR POTENTIAL DEALS AND PARTNERSHIPS?

You can email us at: info@labsgroup.io

Would you like to earn many tokens and cryptocurrencies right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

How and Where to Buy LABS?

LABS token has been listed on a number of crypto exchanges, unlike other main cryptocurrencies, it cannot be directly purchased with fiats money. However, You can still easily buy this coin by first buying Bitcoin, ETH, USDT from any large exchanges and then transfer to the exchange that offers to trade this coin, in this guide article we will walk you through in detail the steps to buy LABS

You will have to first buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT)…

We will use Binance Exchange here as it is one of the largest crypto exchanges that accept fiat deposits.

Binance is a popular cryptocurrency exchange which was started in China but then moved their headquarters to the crypto-friendly Island of Malta in the EU. Binance is popular for its crypto to crypto exchange services. Binance exploded onto the scene in the mania of 2017 and has since gone on to become the top crypto exchange in the world.

Once you finished the KYC process. You will be asked to add a payment method. Here you can either choose to provide a credit/debit card or use a bank transfer, and buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT)

SIGN UP ON BINANCE

Step by Step Guide : What is Binance | How to Create an account on Binance (Updated 2021)

Next step - Transfer your cryptos to an Altcoin Exchange

Since LABS is an altcoin we need to transfer our coins to an exchange that LABS can be traded. Below is a list of exchanges that offers to trade LABS in various market pairs, head to their websites and register for an account.

Once finished you will then need to make a BTC/ETH/USDT deposit to the exchange from Binance depending on the available market pairs. After the deposit is confirmed you may then purchase LABS from the exchange: Uniswap (V2), and Bilaxy

Apart from the exchange(s) above, there are a few popular crypto exchanges where they have decent daily trading volumes and a huge user base. This will ensure you will be able to sell your coins at any time and the fees will usually be lower. It is suggested that you also register on these exchanges since once LABS gets listed there it will attract a large amount of trading volumes from the users there, that means you will be having some great trading opportunities!

Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money

https://www.binance.com
https://www.bittrex.com
https://www.poloniex.com
https://www.bitfinex.com
https://www.huobi.com
https://www.mxc.ai
https://www.probit.com
https://www.gate.io
https://www.coinbase.com

Find more information LABS

WebsiteExplorerExplorer 2Source CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Message BoardCoinmarketcap

🔺DISCLAIMER: Trading Cryptocurrency is VERY risky. Make sure that you understand these risks if you are a beginner. The Information in the post is my OPINION and not financial advice. You are responsible for what you do with your funds

Learn about Cryptocurrency in this article ☞ What You Should Know Before Investing in Cryptocurrency - For Beginner

I hope this post will help you. If you liked this, please sharing it with others. Thank you!

#blockchain #bitcoin #crypto #labs group #labs

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

What is LABS Group (LABS) | What is LABS Group token | What is LABS token

What is LABS Group (LABS) | What is LABS Group token | What is LABS token

WORLD’S FIRST END TO END BLOCKCHAIN POWERED REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT ECOSYSTEM

Disrupting real estate investments in the largest asset class through the world’s first end to end real estate investment ecosystem by fractionalizing real estate investments. Powered by the LABS ecosystem token through decentralized finance (DeFi) and governance.

LABS ECOSYSTEM

Fractionalization

Fractionalization allows investments to become more accessible. Eliminating the barrier of a high minimum investment. The average retail investor can access real estate investment products previously offered to qualified institutional buyers and accredited investors.

Crowdfunding

Investors will be able to invest in real estate products worldwide in fractional shares. Blockchain is allowing for borderless investment through the blockchain.

Lending

Collateralized lending is at the heart of the LABS Security Token. This allows investors to leverage their assets to loan more money to invest in new projects. This method allows for the derisking of their asset portfolios allowing for great profit.

Security Exchange

All securities on LABS will be traded on a real estate focused licensed security exchange that allows the legal trading of security assets on the secondary market. Real Estate assets are freely tradable offering higher liquidity then the traditional real estate investment.

LABS PLATFORM

LABS Utility Token supports the entire LABS ecosystem.

It helps drive utility and rewards through the crowdfunding, token issuance, lending and the LABS exchange.

Governance

Investors will be able to invest in real estate products worldwide in fractional shares. Blockchain is allowing for borderless investment through the blockchain

Access

Holders of LABS tokens will be allowed priority access with lowest price to real estate investments.

Incentive

Holders of LABS tokens will be given incentives on investing in real estate which can include discounts on investments and loans.

Nomination

Holders of LABS tokens will be able to nominate projects to the community for investment.

Stake for Rewards

Holders of staked LABS tokens will enjoy the benefits of a shared pool of rewards from the overall LABS business.

Liquidity

Investors will higher liquidity access of their assets through the LABS securities exchange and our collateralized lending products.

FAQ

Who is LABS?

LABS is a group of real estate and blockchain specialists based in Hong Kong with presence in China, US and Europe. LABS has global partnerships in both blockchain and real estate, including USA, China, Europe, ANZ, SEA, Middle East and other parts of Asia.

What is LABS business?

LABS stands for Liquifying Asset Backed Shares and that spells out its vision and mission.

LABS is Real Estate Digitalization Ecosystem. The group consists of an advisory business, am issuance and crowdfunding platform, as well as a licensed digital security exchange. Platform and exchange are fully built on blockchain.

What is LABS’ vision?

LABS strives to disrupt Real Estate investment by changing the way people invest in real estate and the way project owners raise their funds. It is also LABS vision to encourage financial inclusion and allow more people to protect and grow their assets.

So what are the real estate industry pain points?

Real estate is the single largest asset class valued at about 228 trillion USD according to a recent HSBC report. While it is an undeniably important asset class, it is highly illiquid. Real estate also has high cost of entry and hence not accessible to most or many people. Transacting real estate also incur high direct and indirect costs, likewise in managing the properties themselves.

More detailed explanation can be found in the LABS whitepaper.

LABS is the first project to introduce the G.A.I.N.S model on its utility token, namely:

  1. Governance
  2. Access
  3. Incentives
  4. Nomination
  5. Staking

All these details can be found on our whitepaper and this strong combination will bring great value and rewards to our backers.

Are LABS tokens Utility Tokens or Security Tokens?

LABS tokens are utility tokens in the first place, which will have great liquidity listing on many utility token exchanges.

You can choose to stake the tokens in the reward sharing pool for rewards sharing or not to. Hence, LABS tokens can both tailor to backers who have stronger preference on token price appreciation as well as those who care for more streaming rewards. Either way, one supports the other in our well-designed mechanism.

WHAT ARE THE LABS SOLUTIONS FOR THESE PAIN POINTS?

LABS Real Estate Digitisation Ecosystem comprises of 3 layers, namely Advisory and Project Management, Issuance and Crowdfunding Platform, and Digital Security Exchange. All are focused on the real estate verticals.

The crowdfunding and exchange platforms would allow fractionalisation of real estate and hence lower the entry costs by selling each part as low as 100USD. Our integrated Defi (Decentralised Finance) components will further improve liquidity and offer leveraging options as well.

Fully utilising blockchain and digital currencies in our design will allow seamless and low cost value distribution, including rental yields from the real estate projects.

LABS ecosystem resolves funding issues both at the project owners’ ends and retail investors’ ends.

WHERE DOES LABS WANT TO BE IN THE NEAR FUTURE?

LABS strive to be the largest real estate digitisation ecosystem and become a significant player

TELL US WHY WE SHOULD GET INVOLVED WITH LABS?

LABS is in the business of digitising real estate, making it easy and hassle-free for people to invest, hence encouraging financial inclusion and fulfil people’s dreams in own global real estate portfolio.

Along the process, LABS resolves the biggest challenge faced by the real estate industry: illiquidity. In business, we all know that if any business that can resolve pain points and meet demands, it will be heavily rewarded. LABS, being a blockchain business, believes in decentralisation and that includes sharing its earnings with its backers.

WHY IS LABS UNIQUE? WHAT ARE LABS COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES?

Real estate is a traditional business. Blockchain is a tech business. Finance is about complex structured products. You need a well balanced team that has comprehensive knowledge in these areas. LABS team has it all.

LABS is a full ecosystem that includes primary and secondary issuance while integrating defi components to further enhance liquidity.

WHO CAN BUY LABS TOKENS AND WHAT DO YOU ACCEPT?

We accept BTC, ETH and USDT/USDC.

We accept all backings from ALL countries EXCEPT the following list:

HOW CAN I CONTACT LABS FOR POTENTIAL DEALS AND PARTNERSHIPS?

You can email us at: info@labsgroup.io

Would you like to earn many tokens and cryptocurrencies right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

How and Where to Buy LABS?

LABS token has been listed on a number of crypto exchanges, unlike other main cryptocurrencies, it cannot be directly purchased with fiats money. However, You can still easily buy this coin by first buying Bitcoin, ETH, USDT from any large exchanges and then transfer to the exchange that offers to trade this coin, in this guide article we will walk you through in detail the steps to buy LABS

You will have to first buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT)…

We will use Binance Exchange here as it is one of the largest crypto exchanges that accept fiat deposits.

Binance is a popular cryptocurrency exchange which was started in China but then moved their headquarters to the crypto-friendly Island of Malta in the EU. Binance is popular for its crypto to crypto exchange services. Binance exploded onto the scene in the mania of 2017 and has since gone on to become the top crypto exchange in the world.

Once you finished the KYC process. You will be asked to add a payment method. Here you can either choose to provide a credit/debit card or use a bank transfer, and buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT)

SIGN UP ON BINANCE

Step by Step Guide : What is Binance | How to Create an account on Binance (Updated 2021)

Next step - Transfer your cryptos to an Altcoin Exchange

Since LABS is an altcoin we need to transfer our coins to an exchange that LABS can be traded. Below is a list of exchanges that offers to trade LABS in various market pairs, head to their websites and register for an account.

Once finished you will then need to make a BTC/ETH/USDT deposit to the exchange from Binance depending on the available market pairs. After the deposit is confirmed you may then purchase LABS from the exchange: Uniswap (V2), and Bilaxy

Apart from the exchange(s) above, there are a few popular crypto exchanges where they have decent daily trading volumes and a huge user base. This will ensure you will be able to sell your coins at any time and the fees will usually be lower. It is suggested that you also register on these exchanges since once LABS gets listed there it will attract a large amount of trading volumes from the users there, that means you will be having some great trading opportunities!

Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money

https://www.binance.com
https://www.bittrex.com
https://www.poloniex.com
https://www.bitfinex.com
https://www.huobi.com
https://www.mxc.ai
https://www.probit.com
https://www.gate.io
https://www.coinbase.com

Find more information LABS

WebsiteExplorerExplorer 2Source CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Message BoardCoinmarketcap

🔺DISCLAIMER: Trading Cryptocurrency is VERY risky. Make sure that you understand these risks if you are a beginner. The Information in the post is my OPINION and not financial advice. You are responsible for what you do with your funds

Learn about Cryptocurrency in this article ☞ What You Should Know Before Investing in Cryptocurrency - For Beginner

I hope this post will help you. If you liked this, please sharing it with others. Thank you!

#blockchain #bitcoin #crypto #labs group #labs

Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1658068560

WordsCounted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

Gem Version 

RubyDoc documentation.

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.


Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: Abitdodgy
Source Code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted 
License: MIT license

#ruby #nlp 

Words Counted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor.

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

 

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: abitdodgy
Source code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted
License: MIT license

#ruby  #ruby-on-rails 

aaron silva

aaron silva

1622197808

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