Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1659118560

The Ruby Based Wrapper for The TreeTagger By Helmut Schmid

TreeTagger for Ruby

DESCRIPTION

A Ruby based wrapper for the TreeTagger by Helmut Schmid.

Check it out if you are interested in Natural Language Processing (NLP) and/or Human Language Technology (HLT).

This library provides comprehensive bindings for the TreeTagger, a statistical language independed POS tagging and chunking software.

TreeTagger is language agnostic, it will never guess what language you're going to use.

The tagger is described in the following two papers:

Helmut Schmid (1995): Improvements in Part-of-Speech Tagging with an Application to German. Proceedings of the ACL SIGDAT-Workshop. Dublin, Ireland.

Helmut Schmid (1994): Probabilistic Part-of-Speech Tagging Using Decision Trees. Proceedings of International Conference on New Methods in Language Processing, Manchester, UK.

INSTALLATION

Before you install the treetagger-ruby package please ensure you have downloaded and installed the TreeTagger itself.

The TreeTagger is a copyrighted software by Helmut Schmid and IMS, please read the license agreament before you download the TreeTagger package and language models.

After the installation of the TreeTagger set the environment variable TREETAGGER_BINARY to the location where the binary tree-tagger resides. Usually this binary is located under the bin directory in the main installation directory of the TreeTagger.

Also you have to set the variable TREETAGGER_MODEL to the location of the appropriate language model you have acquired in the training step.

For instance you may add the following lines to your .profile file:

export TREETAGGER_BINARY='/path/to/your/TreeTagger/bin/tree-tagger'
export TREETAGGER_MODEL='/path/to/your/TreeTagger/lib/german.par'

It is convinient to work with a default language model, but you can change it every time during the instantiation of a new tagger instance.

treetagger-ruby is provided as a .gem package. Simply install it via RubyGems. To install treetagger-ruby issue the following command: $ gem install treetagger-ruby

If you want to do a system wide installation, do this as root (possibly using sudo).

Alternatively use your Gemfile for dependency management.

SYNOPSIS

Basic Usage

Basic usage is very simple:

$ require 'treetagger'
$ # Instantiate a tagger instance with default values.
$ tagger = TreeTagger::Tagger.new
$ # Process an array of tokens.
$ tagger.process(%w{Ich gehe in die Schule})
$ # Flush the pipeline.
$ tagger.flush
$ # Get the processed data.
$ tagger.get_output

Input Format

Basically you have to provide a tokenized sequence with possibly some additional information on lexical classes of tokens and on their probabilities. Every token has to be on a separate line. Due to technical limitations SGML tags (i.e. sequences with heading < and trailing >) cannot be valid tokens since they are used internally for delimiting meaningful content from flush tokens. It implies the use of the -sgml option which cannot be changes by user. It is a limitation of this library. If you do need to process tags, fall back and use the TreeTagger as a standalone programm possibly employing temp files to store your input and output. This behaviour will be also implemented in futher versions of treetagger-ruby.

Every token may occure alone on the line or be followed by additional information:

  • token;
  • token (\tab tag)+;
  • token (\tab tag \space lemma)+;
  • token (\tab tag \space probability)+;
  • token (\tab tag \space probability \space lemma)+.

You input may look like the following sentence: Die ART 0.99 neuen ADJA neu Hunde NN NP stehen VVFIN 0.99 stehen an den Mauern NN Mauer .

This wrapper accepts the input as String or Array.

If you want to use strings, you are responsible for the proper delimiters inside the string: "Die\tART 0.99\nneuen\tADJA neu\nHunde\tNN NP\nstehen\t VVFIN 0.99 stehen\nan\nden\nMauern\tNN Mauer\n.\n" Now treetagger-ruby does not check your markup for correctness and will possibly report a TreeTagger::ExternalError if the TreeTagger process die due to input errors.

Using arrays is more convinient since they can be built programmatically.

Arrays should have the following structure:

  • ['token', 'token', 'token'];
  • ['token', ['token', ['POS', 'lemma'], ['POS', 'lemma']], 'token'];
  • ['token', ['token', ['POS', prob], ['POS', 'prob']], 'token'];
  • ['token', ['token', ['POS', prob, 'lemma'], ['POS', 'prob', 'lemma']]].

It is internally converted in the sequence token\ntoken\tPOS lemma\t POS lemma\ntoken\n, i.e. in the enriched version alternatives are tab separated and entries a blank separated.

Note that probabilities may be strings or integers.

The lexicon lookup is not implemented for now, that's the latter three forms of input arrays are not supported yet.

Output Format

For now you'll get an array with strings elements. However the precise string structure depends on the command line arguments you've provided during the tagger instantiation.

For instanse for the input ["Veruntreute", "die", "AWO", "Spendengeld", "?"] you'll get the following output with default cmd argumetns:

["Veruntreute\tNN\tVeruntreute", "die\tART\td", "AWO\tNN\t", "Spendengeld\tNN\tSpendengeld", "?\t$.\t?"]

See documentation in the TreeTagger::Tagger class for details on particular methods.

Exception Hierarchy

While using TreeTagger you can face following errors:

  • TreeTagger::UserError;
  • TreeTagger::RuntimeError;
  • TreeTagger::ExternalError.

This three kinds of errors all subclass TreeTagger::Error, which in turn is a subclass of StandardError. For an end user this means that it is possible to intercept all errors from treetagger-ruby with a simple rescue clause.

Implemented Features

Please have a look at the CHANGELOG file for details on implemented and planned features.

SUPPORT

If you have question, bug reports or any suggestions, please drop me an email :)

HOW TO CONTRIBUTE

Please contact me and suggest your ideas, report bugs, talk to me, if you want to implement some features in the future releases of this library.

Please don't feel offended if I cannot accept all your pull requests, I have to review them and find the appropriate time and place in the code base to incorporate your valuable changes.

Any help is deeply appreciated!

TODO:

  • How to use TreeTagger in the wild;
  • Input and output format, tokenization;
  • The actual german parameter file has been estimated on one byte encoded data.

RubyGems | RTT Project Page | Source Code | Bug Tracker 

Author: Arbox
Source Code: https://github.com/arbox/treetagger-ruby 
License: MIT license

#ruby #tree 

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

The Ruby Based Wrapper for The TreeTagger By Helmut Schmid

Ruby on Rails Development Services | Ruby on Rails Development

Ruby on Rails is a development tool that offers Web & Mobile App Developers a structure for all the codes they write resulting in time-saving with all the common repetitive tasks during the development stage.

Want to build a Website or Mobile App with Ruby on Rails Framework

Connect with WebClues Infotech, the top Web & Mobile App development company that has served more than 600 clients worldwide. After serving them with our services WebClues Infotech is ready to serve you in fulfilling your Web & Mobile App Development Requirements.

Want to know more about development on the Ruby on Rails framework?

Visit: https://www.webcluesinfotech.com/ruby-on-rails-development/

Share your requirements https://www.webcluesinfotech.com/contact-us/

View Portfolio https://www.webcluesinfotech.com/portfolio/

#ruby on rails development services #ruby on rails development #ruby on rails web development company #ruby on rails development company #hire ruby on rails developer #hire ruby on rails developers

Shardul Bhatt

Shardul Bhatt

1626850869

7 Reasons to Trust Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is an amazing web development framework. Known for its adaptability, it powers 3,903,258 sites internationally. Ruby on Rails development speeds up the interaction within web applications. It is productive to such an extent that a Ruby on Rails developer can develop an application 25% to 40% quicker when contrasted with different frameworks. 

Around 2.1% (21,034) of the best 1 million sites utilize Ruby on Rails. The framework is perfect for creating web applications in every industry. Regardless of whether it's medical services or vehicles, Rails carries a higher degree of dynamism to each application. 

Be that as it may, what makes the framework so mainstream? Some say that it is affordable, some say it is on the grounds that the Ruby on Rails improvement environment is simple and basic. There are numerous reasons that make it ideal for creating dynamic applications.

Read more: Best Ruby on Rails projects Examples

7 reasons Ruby on Rails is preferred

There are a few other well-known backend services for web applications like Django, Flask, Laravel, and that's only the tip of the iceberg. So for what reason should organizations pick Ruby on Rails application development? We believe the accompanying reasons will feature why different organizations trust the framework -

Quick prototyping 

Rails works on building MVPs in a couple of months. Organizations incline toward Ruby on Rails quick application development as it offers them more opportunity to showcase the elements. Regular development groups accomplish 25% to 40% higher efficiency when working with Rails. Joined with agile, Ruby on Rails empowers timely delivery.

Basic and simple 

Ruby on Rails is easy to arrange and work with. It is not difficult to learn also. Both of these things are conceivable as a result of Ruby. The programming language has one of the most straightforward sentence structures, which is like the English language. Ruby is a universally useful programming language, working on things for web applications. 

Cost-effective 

Probably the greatest advantage of Rails is that it is very reasonable. The system is open-source, which implies there is no licensing charge included. Aside from that, engineers are additionally effectively accessible, that too at a lower cost. There are a large number of Ruby on Rails engineers for hire at an average compensation of $107,381 each year. 

Startup-friendly

Ruby on Rails is regularly known as "the startup technology." It offers adaptable, fast, and dynamic web improvement to new companies. Most arising organizations and new businesses lean toward this as a direct result of its quick application improvement capacities. It prompts quicker MVP development, which permits new companies to rapidly search for venture investment. 

Adaptable framework 

Ruby on Rails is profoundly adaptable and versatile. In any event, when engineers miss adding any functions, they can utilize different modules to add highlights into the application. Aside from that, they can likewise reclassify components by eliminating or adding them during the development environment. Indeed, even individual projects can be extended and changed. 

Convention over configuration

Regardless of whether it's Ruby on Rails enterprise application development or ecommerce-centered applications, the system utilizes convention over configuration. Developers don't have to go through hours attempting to set up the Ruby on Rails improvement environment. The standard conventions cover everything, improving on things for engineers on the task. The framework likewise utilizes the standard of "Don't Repeat Yourself" to guarantee there are no redundancies. 

Versatile applications 

At the point when organizations scale, applications regularly slack. However, this isn't the situation with Ruby on Rails web application development. The system powers sites with high traffic, It can deal with a huge load of worker demands immediately. Adaptability empowers new businesses to keep utilizing the structure even after they prepare their first model for dispatch. 

Checkout Pros and Cons of Ruby on Rails for Web Development

Bottom Line 

Ruby on Rails is as yet a significant framework utilized by organizations all over the world - of every kind. In this day and age, it is probably the best framework to digitize endeavors through powerful web applications.

A software development company provides comprehensive Ruby on Rails development to guarantee startups and MNCs can benefit as much as possible from their digital application needs. 

Reach us today for a FREE CONSULTATION

#ruby on rails development #ruby on rails application development #ruby on rails web application development #ruby on rails developer

Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1659118560

The Ruby Based Wrapper for The TreeTagger By Helmut Schmid

TreeTagger for Ruby

DESCRIPTION

A Ruby based wrapper for the TreeTagger by Helmut Schmid.

Check it out if you are interested in Natural Language Processing (NLP) and/or Human Language Technology (HLT).

This library provides comprehensive bindings for the TreeTagger, a statistical language independed POS tagging and chunking software.

TreeTagger is language agnostic, it will never guess what language you're going to use.

The tagger is described in the following two papers:

Helmut Schmid (1995): Improvements in Part-of-Speech Tagging with an Application to German. Proceedings of the ACL SIGDAT-Workshop. Dublin, Ireland.

Helmut Schmid (1994): Probabilistic Part-of-Speech Tagging Using Decision Trees. Proceedings of International Conference on New Methods in Language Processing, Manchester, UK.

INSTALLATION

Before you install the treetagger-ruby package please ensure you have downloaded and installed the TreeTagger itself.

The TreeTagger is a copyrighted software by Helmut Schmid and IMS, please read the license agreament before you download the TreeTagger package and language models.

After the installation of the TreeTagger set the environment variable TREETAGGER_BINARY to the location where the binary tree-tagger resides. Usually this binary is located under the bin directory in the main installation directory of the TreeTagger.

Also you have to set the variable TREETAGGER_MODEL to the location of the appropriate language model you have acquired in the training step.

For instance you may add the following lines to your .profile file:

export TREETAGGER_BINARY='/path/to/your/TreeTagger/bin/tree-tagger'
export TREETAGGER_MODEL='/path/to/your/TreeTagger/lib/german.par'

It is convinient to work with a default language model, but you can change it every time during the instantiation of a new tagger instance.

treetagger-ruby is provided as a .gem package. Simply install it via RubyGems. To install treetagger-ruby issue the following command: $ gem install treetagger-ruby

If you want to do a system wide installation, do this as root (possibly using sudo).

Alternatively use your Gemfile for dependency management.

SYNOPSIS

Basic Usage

Basic usage is very simple:

$ require 'treetagger'
$ # Instantiate a tagger instance with default values.
$ tagger = TreeTagger::Tagger.new
$ # Process an array of tokens.
$ tagger.process(%w{Ich gehe in die Schule})
$ # Flush the pipeline.
$ tagger.flush
$ # Get the processed data.
$ tagger.get_output

Input Format

Basically you have to provide a tokenized sequence with possibly some additional information on lexical classes of tokens and on their probabilities. Every token has to be on a separate line. Due to technical limitations SGML tags (i.e. sequences with heading < and trailing >) cannot be valid tokens since they are used internally for delimiting meaningful content from flush tokens. It implies the use of the -sgml option which cannot be changes by user. It is a limitation of this library. If you do need to process tags, fall back and use the TreeTagger as a standalone programm possibly employing temp files to store your input and output. This behaviour will be also implemented in futher versions of treetagger-ruby.

Every token may occure alone on the line or be followed by additional information:

  • token;
  • token (\tab tag)+;
  • token (\tab tag \space lemma)+;
  • token (\tab tag \space probability)+;
  • token (\tab tag \space probability \space lemma)+.

You input may look like the following sentence: Die ART 0.99 neuen ADJA neu Hunde NN NP stehen VVFIN 0.99 stehen an den Mauern NN Mauer .

This wrapper accepts the input as String or Array.

If you want to use strings, you are responsible for the proper delimiters inside the string: "Die\tART 0.99\nneuen\tADJA neu\nHunde\tNN NP\nstehen\t VVFIN 0.99 stehen\nan\nden\nMauern\tNN Mauer\n.\n" Now treetagger-ruby does not check your markup for correctness and will possibly report a TreeTagger::ExternalError if the TreeTagger process die due to input errors.

Using arrays is more convinient since they can be built programmatically.

Arrays should have the following structure:

  • ['token', 'token', 'token'];
  • ['token', ['token', ['POS', 'lemma'], ['POS', 'lemma']], 'token'];
  • ['token', ['token', ['POS', prob], ['POS', 'prob']], 'token'];
  • ['token', ['token', ['POS', prob, 'lemma'], ['POS', 'prob', 'lemma']]].

It is internally converted in the sequence token\ntoken\tPOS lemma\t POS lemma\ntoken\n, i.e. in the enriched version alternatives are tab separated and entries a blank separated.

Note that probabilities may be strings or integers.

The lexicon lookup is not implemented for now, that's the latter three forms of input arrays are not supported yet.

Output Format

For now you'll get an array with strings elements. However the precise string structure depends on the command line arguments you've provided during the tagger instantiation.

For instanse for the input ["Veruntreute", "die", "AWO", "Spendengeld", "?"] you'll get the following output with default cmd argumetns:

["Veruntreute\tNN\tVeruntreute", "die\tART\td", "AWO\tNN\t", "Spendengeld\tNN\tSpendengeld", "?\t$.\t?"]

See documentation in the TreeTagger::Tagger class for details on particular methods.

Exception Hierarchy

While using TreeTagger you can face following errors:

  • TreeTagger::UserError;
  • TreeTagger::RuntimeError;
  • TreeTagger::ExternalError.

This three kinds of errors all subclass TreeTagger::Error, which in turn is a subclass of StandardError. For an end user this means that it is possible to intercept all errors from treetagger-ruby with a simple rescue clause.

Implemented Features

Please have a look at the CHANGELOG file for details on implemented and planned features.

SUPPORT

If you have question, bug reports or any suggestions, please drop me an email :)

HOW TO CONTRIBUTE

Please contact me and suggest your ideas, report bugs, talk to me, if you want to implement some features in the future releases of this library.

Please don't feel offended if I cannot accept all your pull requests, I have to review them and find the appropriate time and place in the code base to incorporate your valuable changes.

Any help is deeply appreciated!

TODO:

  • How to use TreeTagger in the wild;
  • Input and output format, tokenization;
  • The actual german parameter file has been estimated on one byte encoded data.

RubyGems | RTT Project Page | Source Code | Bug Tracker 

Author: Arbox
Source Code: https://github.com/arbox/treetagger-ruby 
License: MIT license

#ruby #tree 

Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1658835180

Ruby Wrapper for Correcting Spelling & Grammar Mistakes Based

Gingerice

Ruby wrapper of Ginger Proofreader which corrects spelling and grammar mistakes based on the context of complete sentences by comparing each sentence to billions of similar sentences from the web.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'gingerice'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install gingerice

Usage

require 'gingerice'

text = 'The smelt of fliwers bring back memories.'

parser = Gingerice::Parser.new
parser.parse text
# output:

{
           "text" => "The smelt of fliwers bring back memories.",
         "result" => "The smell of flowers brings back memories.",
    "corrections" => [
        [0] {
                  "text" => "smelt",
               "correct" => "smell",
            "definition" => nil,
                 "start" => 4,
                "length" => 5
        },
        [1] {
                  "text" => "fliwers",
               "correct" => "flowers",
            "definition" => "a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms",
                 "start" => 13,
                "length" => 7
        },
        [2] {
                  "text" => "bring",
               "correct" => "brings",
            "definition" => nil,
                 "start" => 21,
                "length" => 5
        }
    ]
}

This gem also provides executable which can be executed:

$ gingerice "Edwards will be sck yesterday"
# output:

Edwards was sick yesterday

Or if you want verbose output you can add --verbose or -v argument:

$ gingerice --verbose "Edwards will be sck yesterday"
# output:

{
           "text" => "Edwards will be sck yesterday",
         "result" => "Edwards was sick yesterday",
    "corrections" => [
        [0] {
                  "text" => "will be",
               "correct" => "was",
            "definition" => nil,
                 "start" => 8,
                "length" => 7
        },
        [1] {
                  "text" => "sck",
               "correct" => "sick",
            "definition" => "affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function",
                 "start" => 16,
                "length" => 3
        }
    ]
}

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Ports

Author: Subosito
Source Code: https://github.com/subosito/gingerice 
License: 

#ruby #wrapper 

Emily Johnson

1599568900

Hire Ruby on Rails Developer | Hire RoR Developer

Are you looking for Ruby on Rails developers for building next-generation web applications?

Bacancy Technology is top-notch Ruby on Rails development company providing world’s best Ruby On Rails Development Services With 8+ Years Of Experience. Hire Ruby on Rails developer for web application that reflects cutting-edge solutions for your business needs. Access 40+ RoR developers. save upto 40% on development cost.

Get top Ruby on Rails developers from Bacancy Technology, contact now and hire your choice of developer’s within 48 Hours, to know more about our RoR services & pricing: https://www.bacancytechnology.com/ruby-on-rails-development

ruby on rails development

#hire ruby on rails developer #ruby on rails developer #ruby on rails development company #ruby on rails development services #hire ror developer #ruby on rails development