How to Install Caddy with PHP & HTTPS using Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu

Install Caddy with PHP & HTTPS using Let’sEncrypt on Ubuntu. In this guide you are going to learn how to install Caddy with PHP 7.4 and also configure HTTPs on Ubuntu 18.04.

Caddy is a open source web server with automatic HTTPS written in Go language. It takes care of TLS certificate renewals, OCSP stapling, static file serving, reverse proxying, and more.

This tutorial is tested on Google Cloud and AWS, so it works fine on other cloud services like Azure, DigitalOcean or any VPS or any Dedicated servers running Ubuntu.

If you are on Google Cloud you should follow the below listed prerequisites.

Prerequisites for Google Cloud

  1. Your Compute Engine Instance running.
  2. For setting up Compute Engine, see the Setting up Compute Engine Instance.
  3. Set up Cloud DNS, see the Setting up Google Cloud DNS for your domain.

If you are on AWS you should follow these below listed prerequisites.

Prerequisites for AWS

  1. A running EC2 Instance. Learn how to create an AWS EC2 instance.
  2. Assigned a Elastic IP to your EC2 Instance.
  3. Setup and configure Route 53 and point your domain to AWS.
  4. Successful SSH connection to your EC2 Instance.

SSH to your EC2 Instance and perform the steps listed below.

Initial Server Setup

Let’s start by updating the local package index with the following command to the latest available version.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Once the update is done you can start the installation of Caddy.

Install Caddy

Once you have your server setup and domain name pointed to your server you can proceed to install Caddy.

Execute the following commands to install Caddy.

curl https://getcaddy.com | sudo bash -s personal

Once the installation is completed you will get an output similar to the one below.

Output
Putting caddy in /usr/local/bin (may require password)
Caddy v1.0.4 (h1:wwuGSkUHo6RZ3oMpeTt7J09WBB87X5o+IZN4dKehcQE=)
Successfully installed

This output shows Caddy is installed in /usr/local/bin.

You can check the version of Caddy installed using this command.

caddy -version

Configure Caddy

Now you need to allow Caddy binary to bind to ports 80 and 443.

Setup directories for Caddy.

sudo mkdir /etc/caddy
sudo mkdir /etc/ssl/caddy 
sudo mkdir /var/log/caddy 

Configure correct permissions.

sudo chown -R root:root /etc/caddy
sudo chown -R root:www-data /etc/ssl/caddy
sudo chown -R root:www-data /var/log/caddy 
sudo chmod 0770 /etc/ssl/caddy

Configure Caddy Systemd service unit

Now you can create a systemd service file for Caddy which is available in the official repository and reload the demon for the changes to be available.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/caddyserver/caddy/master/dist/init/linux-systemd/caddy.service
sudo cp caddy.service /etc/systemd/system/
sudo chown root:root /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service
sudo chmod 644 /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service
sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Install PHP 7.4 FPM

Add the ondrej/php which has PHP 7.4 FPM package and other required PHP extensions.

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php -y
sudo apt update

Install PHP 7.4 and some common extensions.

sudo apt install php7.4-fpm php7.4-common php7.4-mysql php7.4-xml php7.4-xmlrpc php7.4-curl php7.4-gd php7.4-imagick php7.4-cli php7.4-dev php7.4-imap php7.4-mbstring php7.4-opcache php7.4-soap php7.4-zip php7.4-intl php7.4-bcmath unzip -y

Once PHP 7.4 FPM is installed you can configure your domain name with Caddy.

Configure Domain and Webroot in Caddy

Create a new directory for your website files and configure correct permissions.

sudo mkdir /var/www
sudo chown www-data:www-data /var/www
sudo nano /var/www/index.html

Create a Caddy file named Caddyfile inside /etc/caddy/ and configure your domain name with HTTPS.

sudo nano /etc/caddy/Caddyfile

Copy the below configuration and paste it inside this file.

https://domain.com {
     root /var/www/

     log /var/log/caddy/domain.log

     tls on
     gzip

     fastcgi / /run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock {
         ext .php
         split .php
         index index.php
     }
}

Hit CTRL + X followed by Y and ENTER to save and exit the file.

Restart/Start Caddy to have the changes available and Let’s Encrypt configured automatically.

sudo service caddy start

If you have your Caddy server started before you can restart using the following command.

sudo service caddy restart

Now you can check the status of Caddy using the following command.

sudo service caddy status

You should see an output similar to the one below.

Output
● caddy.service - Caddy HTTP/2 web server
    Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/caddy.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
    Active: active (running) since Thu 2020-01-30 09:34:54 UTC; 3s ago
      Docs: https://caddyserver.com/docs
  Main PID: 24533 (caddy)
     Tasks: 6 (limit: 661)
    CGroup: /system.slice/caddy.service
            └─24533 /usr/local/bin/caddy -log stdout -log-timestamps=false -agree=true -conf=/etc/caddy/Caddyfile -root=/var/tmp

If you get any error about Certificate Maintenance or JSON parse, you can try the following steps listed below. If you are fine you can skip it.

sudo rm -rf /etc/ssl/caddy*

Setup Test PHP file

Create a new file to output the installed PHP information.

sudo nano /var/www/index.php

Enter the following code inside it and save the file.

<?php phpinfo();

Verify the Caddy Setup

Once you have restarted Caddy and completed all the setups listed above you can check your domain in your web browser.

You should see the PHP information and your domain loaded with HTTPS.

Prepare yourself for a role working as an Information Technology Professional with Linux operating system

Conclusion

Now you have learned how to install Caddy with PHP 7.4 and also configure HTTPS using Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu.

Thanks for your time. If you face any problem or any feedback, please leave a comment below.

Original article source at: https://www.cloudbooklet.com/

#php #https #ubuntu 

What is GEEK

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How to Install Caddy with PHP & HTTPS using Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu
Chloe  Butler

Chloe Butler

1667425440

Pdf2gerb: Perl Script Converts PDF Files to Gerber format

pdf2gerb

Perl script converts PDF files to Gerber format

Pdf2Gerb generates Gerber 274X photoplotting and Excellon drill files from PDFs of a PCB. Up to three PDFs are used: the top copper layer, the bottom copper layer (for 2-sided PCBs), and an optional silk screen layer. The PDFs can be created directly from any PDF drawing software, or a PDF print driver can be used to capture the Print output if the drawing software does not directly support output to PDF.

The general workflow is as follows:

  1. Design the PCB using your favorite CAD or drawing software.
  2. Print the top and bottom copper and top silk screen layers to a PDF file.
  3. Run Pdf2Gerb on the PDFs to create Gerber and Excellon files.
  4. Use a Gerber viewer to double-check the output against the original PCB design.
  5. Make adjustments as needed.
  6. Submit the files to a PCB manufacturer.

Please note that Pdf2Gerb does NOT perform DRC (Design Rule Checks), as these will vary according to individual PCB manufacturer conventions and capabilities. Also note that Pdf2Gerb is not perfect, so the output files must always be checked before submitting them. As of version 1.6, Pdf2Gerb supports most PCB elements, such as round and square pads, round holes, traces, SMD pads, ground planes, no-fill areas, and panelization. However, because it interprets the graphical output of a Print function, there are limitations in what it can recognize (or there may be bugs).

See docs/Pdf2Gerb.pdf for install/setup, config, usage, and other info.


pdf2gerb_cfg.pm

#Pdf2Gerb config settings:
#Put this file in same folder/directory as pdf2gerb.pl itself (global settings),
#or copy to another folder/directory with PDFs if you want PCB-specific settings.
#There is only one user of this file, so we don't need a custom package or namespace.
#NOTE: all constants defined in here will be added to main namespace.
#package pdf2gerb_cfg;

use strict; #trap undef vars (easier debug)
use warnings; #other useful info (easier debug)


##############################################################################################
#configurable settings:
#change values here instead of in main pfg2gerb.pl file

use constant WANT_COLORS => ($^O !~ m/Win/); #ANSI colors no worky on Windows? this must be set < first DebugPrint() call

#just a little warning; set realistic expectations:
#DebugPrint("${\(CYAN)}Pdf2Gerb.pl ${\(VERSION)}, $^O O/S\n${\(YELLOW)}${\(BOLD)}${\(ITALIC)}This is EXPERIMENTAL software.  \nGerber files MAY CONTAIN ERRORS.  Please CHECK them before fabrication!${\(RESET)}", 0); #if WANT_DEBUG

use constant METRIC => FALSE; #set to TRUE for metric units (only affect final numbers in output files, not internal arithmetic)
use constant APERTURE_LIMIT => 0; #34; #max #apertures to use; generate warnings if too many apertures are used (0 to not check)
use constant DRILL_FMT => '2.4'; #'2.3'; #'2.4' is the default for PCB fab; change to '2.3' for CNC

use constant WANT_DEBUG => 0; #10; #level of debug wanted; higher == more, lower == less, 0 == none
use constant GERBER_DEBUG => 0; #level of debug to include in Gerber file; DON'T USE FOR FABRICATION
use constant WANT_STREAMS => FALSE; #TRUE; #save decompressed streams to files (for debug)
use constant WANT_ALLINPUT => FALSE; #TRUE; #save entire input stream (for debug ONLY)

#DebugPrint(sprintf("${\(CYAN)}DEBUG: stdout %d, gerber %d, want streams? %d, all input? %d, O/S: $^O, Perl: $]${\(RESET)}\n", WANT_DEBUG, GERBER_DEBUG, WANT_STREAMS, WANT_ALLINPUT), 1);
#DebugPrint(sprintf("max int = %d, min int = %d\n", MAXINT, MININT), 1); 

#define standard trace and pad sizes to reduce scaling or PDF rendering errors:
#This avoids weird aperture settings and replaces them with more standardized values.
#(I'm not sure how photoplotters handle strange sizes).
#Fewer choices here gives more accurate mapping in the final Gerber files.
#units are in inches
use constant TOOL_SIZES => #add more as desired
(
#round or square pads (> 0) and drills (< 0):
    .010, -.001,  #tiny pads for SMD; dummy drill size (too small for practical use, but needed so StandardTool will use this entry)
    .031, -.014,  #used for vias
    .041, -.020,  #smallest non-filled plated hole
    .051, -.025,
    .056, -.029,  #useful for IC pins
    .070, -.033,
    .075, -.040,  #heavier leads
#    .090, -.043,  #NOTE: 600 dpi is not high enough resolution to reliably distinguish between .043" and .046", so choose 1 of the 2 here
    .100, -.046,
    .115, -.052,
    .130, -.061,
    .140, -.067,
    .150, -.079,
    .175, -.088,
    .190, -.093,
    .200, -.100,
    .220, -.110,
    .160, -.125,  #useful for mounting holes
#some additional pad sizes without holes (repeat a previous hole size if you just want the pad size):
    .090, -.040,  #want a .090 pad option, but use dummy hole size
    .065, -.040, #.065 x .065 rect pad
    .035, -.040, #.035 x .065 rect pad
#traces:
    .001,  #too thin for real traces; use only for board outlines
    .006,  #minimum real trace width; mainly used for text
    .008,  #mainly used for mid-sized text, not traces
    .010,  #minimum recommended trace width for low-current signals
    .012,
    .015,  #moderate low-voltage current
    .020,  #heavier trace for power, ground (even if a lighter one is adequate)
    .025,
    .030,  #heavy-current traces; be careful with these ones!
    .040,
    .050,
    .060,
    .080,
    .100,
    .120,
);
#Areas larger than the values below will be filled with parallel lines:
#This cuts down on the number of aperture sizes used.
#Set to 0 to always use an aperture or drill, regardless of size.
use constant { MAX_APERTURE => max((TOOL_SIZES)) + .004, MAX_DRILL => -min((TOOL_SIZES)) + .004 }; #max aperture and drill sizes (plus a little tolerance)
#DebugPrint(sprintf("using %d standard tool sizes: %s, max aper %.3f, max drill %.3f\n", scalar((TOOL_SIZES)), join(", ", (TOOL_SIZES)), MAX_APERTURE, MAX_DRILL), 1);

#NOTE: Compare the PDF to the original CAD file to check the accuracy of the PDF rendering and parsing!
#for example, the CAD software I used generated the following circles for holes:
#CAD hole size:   parsed PDF diameter:      error:
#  .014                .016                +.002
#  .020                .02267              +.00267
#  .025                .026                +.001
#  .029                .03167              +.00267
#  .033                .036                +.003
#  .040                .04267              +.00267
#This was usually ~ .002" - .003" too big compared to the hole as displayed in the CAD software.
#To compensate for PDF rendering errors (either during CAD Print function or PDF parsing logic), adjust the values below as needed.
#units are pixels; for example, a value of 2.4 at 600 dpi = .0004 inch, 2 at 600 dpi = .0033"
use constant
{
    HOLE_ADJUST => -0.004 * 600, #-2.6, #holes seemed to be slightly oversized (by .002" - .004"), so shrink them a little
    RNDPAD_ADJUST => -0.003 * 600, #-2, #-2.4, #round pads seemed to be slightly oversized, so shrink them a little
    SQRPAD_ADJUST => +0.001 * 600, #+.5, #square pads are sometimes too small by .00067, so bump them up a little
    RECTPAD_ADJUST => 0, #(pixels) rectangular pads seem to be okay? (not tested much)
    TRACE_ADJUST => 0, #(pixels) traces seemed to be okay?
    REDUCE_TOLERANCE => .001, #(inches) allow this much variation when reducing circles and rects
};

#Also, my CAD's Print function or the PDF print driver I used was a little off for circles, so define some additional adjustment values here:
#Values are added to X/Y coordinates; units are pixels; for example, a value of 1 at 600 dpi would be ~= .002 inch
use constant
{
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MINX => 0,
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MINY => -0.001 * 600, #-1, #circles were a little too high, so nudge them a little lower
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MAXX => +0.001 * 600, #+1, #circles were a little too far to the left, so nudge them a little to the right
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MAXY => 0,
    SUBST_CIRCLE_CLIPRECT => FALSE, #generate circle and substitute for clip rects (to compensate for the way some CAD software draws circles)
    WANT_CLIPRECT => TRUE, #FALSE, #AI doesn't need clip rect at all? should be on normally?
    RECT_COMPLETION => FALSE, #TRUE, #fill in 4th side of rect when 3 sides found
};

#allow .012 clearance around pads for solder mask:
#This value effectively adjusts pad sizes in the TOOL_SIZES list above (only for solder mask layers).
use constant SOLDER_MARGIN => +.012; #units are inches

#line join/cap styles:
use constant
{
    CAP_NONE => 0, #butt (none); line is exact length
    CAP_ROUND => 1, #round cap/join; line overhangs by a semi-circle at either end
    CAP_SQUARE => 2, #square cap/join; line overhangs by a half square on either end
    CAP_OVERRIDE => FALSE, #cap style overrides drawing logic
};
    
#number of elements in each shape type:
use constant
{
    RECT_SHAPELEN => 6, #x0, y0, x1, y1, count, "rect" (start, end corners)
    LINE_SHAPELEN => 6, #x0, y0, x1, y1, count, "line" (line seg)
    CURVE_SHAPELEN => 10, #xstart, ystart, x0, y0, x1, y1, xend, yend, count, "curve" (bezier 2 points)
    CIRCLE_SHAPELEN => 5, #x, y, 5, count, "circle" (center + radius)
};
#const my %SHAPELEN =
#Readonly my %SHAPELEN =>
our %SHAPELEN =
(
    rect => RECT_SHAPELEN,
    line => LINE_SHAPELEN,
    curve => CURVE_SHAPELEN,
    circle => CIRCLE_SHAPELEN,
);

#panelization:
#This will repeat the entire body the number of times indicated along the X or Y axes (files grow accordingly).
#Display elements that overhang PCB boundary can be squashed or left as-is (typically text or other silk screen markings).
#Set "overhangs" TRUE to allow overhangs, FALSE to truncate them.
#xpad and ypad allow margins to be added around outer edge of panelized PCB.
use constant PANELIZE => {'x' => 1, 'y' => 1, 'xpad' => 0, 'ypad' => 0, 'overhangs' => TRUE}; #number of times to repeat in X and Y directions

# Set this to 1 if you need TurboCAD support.
#$turboCAD = FALSE; #is this still needed as an option?

#CIRCAD pad generation uses an appropriate aperture, then moves it (stroke) "a little" - we use this to find pads and distinguish them from PCB holes. 
use constant PAD_STROKE => 0.3; #0.0005 * 600; #units are pixels
#convert very short traces to pads or holes:
use constant TRACE_MINLEN => .001; #units are inches
#use constant ALWAYS_XY => TRUE; #FALSE; #force XY even if X or Y doesn't change; NOTE: needs to be TRUE for all pads to show in FlatCAM and ViewPlot
use constant REMOVE_POLARITY => FALSE; #TRUE; #set to remove subtractive (negative) polarity; NOTE: must be FALSE for ground planes

#PDF uses "points", each point = 1/72 inch
#combined with a PDF scale factor of .12, this gives 600 dpi resolution (1/72 * .12 = 600 dpi)
use constant INCHES_PER_POINT => 1/72; #0.0138888889; #multiply point-size by this to get inches

# The precision used when computing a bezier curve. Higher numbers are more precise but slower (and generate larger files).
#$bezierPrecision = 100;
use constant BEZIER_PRECISION => 36; #100; #use const; reduced for faster rendering (mainly used for silk screen and thermal pads)

# Ground planes and silk screen or larger copper rectangles or circles are filled line-by-line using this resolution.
use constant FILL_WIDTH => .01; #fill at most 0.01 inch at a time

# The max number of characters to read into memory
use constant MAX_BYTES => 10 * M; #bumped up to 10 MB, use const

use constant DUP_DRILL1 => TRUE; #FALSE; #kludge: ViewPlot doesn't load drill files that are too small so duplicate first tool

my $runtime = time(); #Time::HiRes::gettimeofday(); #measure my execution time

print STDERR "Loaded config settings from '${\(__FILE__)}'.\n";
1; #last value must be truthful to indicate successful load


#############################################################################################
#junk/experiment:

#use Package::Constants;
#use Exporter qw(import); #https://perldoc.perl.org/Exporter.html

#my $caller = "pdf2gerb::";

#sub cfg
#{
#    my $proto = shift;
#    my $class = ref($proto) || $proto;
#    my $settings =
#    {
#        $WANT_DEBUG => 990, #10; #level of debug wanted; higher == more, lower == less, 0 == none
#    };
#    bless($settings, $class);
#    return $settings;
#}

#use constant HELLO => "hi there2"; #"main::HELLO" => "hi there";
#use constant GOODBYE => 14; #"main::GOODBYE" => 12;

#print STDERR "read cfg file\n";

#our @EXPORT_OK = Package::Constants->list(__PACKAGE__); #https://www.perlmonks.org/?node_id=1072691; NOTE: "_OK" skips short/common names

#print STDERR scalar(@EXPORT_OK) . " consts exported:\n";
#foreach(@EXPORT_OK) { print STDERR "$_\n"; }
#my $val = main::thing("xyz");
#print STDERR "caller gave me $val\n";
#foreach my $arg (@ARGV) { print STDERR "arg $arg\n"; }

Download Details:

Author: swannman
Source Code: https://github.com/swannman/pdf2gerb

License: GPL-3.0 license

#perl 

Chet  Lubowitz

Chet Lubowitz

1595429220

How to Install Microsoft Teams on Ubuntu 20.04

Microsoft Teams is a communication platform used for Chat, Calling, Meetings, and Collaboration. Generally, it is used by companies and individuals working on projects. However, Microsoft Teams is available for macOS, Windows, and Linux operating systems available now.

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Microsoft Teams on Ubuntu 20.04 machine. By default, Microsoft Teams package is not available in the Ubuntu default repository. However we will show you 2 methods to install Teams by downloading the Debian package from their official website, or by adding the Microsoft repository.

Install Microsoft Teams on Ubuntu 20.04

1./ Install Microsoft Teams using Debian installer file

01- First, navigate to teams app downloads page and grab the Debian binary installer. You can simply obtain the URL and pull the binary using wget;

$ VERSION=1.3.00.5153
$ wget https://packages.microsoft.com/repos/ms-teams/pool/main/t/teams/teams_${VERSION}_amd64.deb

#linux #ubuntu #install microsoft teams on ubuntu #install teams ubuntu #microsoft teams #teams #teams download ubuntu #teams install ubuntu #ubuntu install microsoft teams #uninstall teams ubuntu

How to Install Caddy with PHP & HTTPS using Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu

Install Caddy with PHP & HTTPS using Let’sEncrypt on Ubuntu. In this guide you are going to learn how to install Caddy with PHP 7.4 and also configure HTTPs on Ubuntu 18.04.

Caddy is a open source web server with automatic HTTPS written in Go language. It takes care of TLS certificate renewals, OCSP stapling, static file serving, reverse proxying, and more.

This tutorial is tested on Google Cloud and AWS, so it works fine on other cloud services like Azure, DigitalOcean or any VPS or any Dedicated servers running Ubuntu.

If you are on Google Cloud you should follow the below listed prerequisites.

Prerequisites for Google Cloud

  1. Your Compute Engine Instance running.
  2. For setting up Compute Engine, see the Setting up Compute Engine Instance.
  3. Set up Cloud DNS, see the Setting up Google Cloud DNS for your domain.

If you are on AWS you should follow these below listed prerequisites.

Prerequisites for AWS

  1. A running EC2 Instance. Learn how to create an AWS EC2 instance.
  2. Assigned a Elastic IP to your EC2 Instance.
  3. Setup and configure Route 53 and point your domain to AWS.
  4. Successful SSH connection to your EC2 Instance.

SSH to your EC2 Instance and perform the steps listed below.

Initial Server Setup

Let’s start by updating the local package index with the following command to the latest available version.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Once the update is done you can start the installation of Caddy.

Install Caddy

Once you have your server setup and domain name pointed to your server you can proceed to install Caddy.

Execute the following commands to install Caddy.

curl https://getcaddy.com | sudo bash -s personal

Once the installation is completed you will get an output similar to the one below.

Output
Putting caddy in /usr/local/bin (may require password)
Caddy v1.0.4 (h1:wwuGSkUHo6RZ3oMpeTt7J09WBB87X5o+IZN4dKehcQE=)
Successfully installed

This output shows Caddy is installed in /usr/local/bin.

You can check the version of Caddy installed using this command.

caddy -version

Configure Caddy

Now you need to allow Caddy binary to bind to ports 80 and 443.

Setup directories for Caddy.

sudo mkdir /etc/caddy
sudo mkdir /etc/ssl/caddy 
sudo mkdir /var/log/caddy 

Configure correct permissions.

sudo chown -R root:root /etc/caddy
sudo chown -R root:www-data /etc/ssl/caddy
sudo chown -R root:www-data /var/log/caddy 
sudo chmod 0770 /etc/ssl/caddy

Configure Caddy Systemd service unit

Now you can create a systemd service file for Caddy which is available in the official repository and reload the demon for the changes to be available.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/caddyserver/caddy/master/dist/init/linux-systemd/caddy.service
sudo cp caddy.service /etc/systemd/system/
sudo chown root:root /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service
sudo chmod 644 /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service
sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Install PHP 7.4 FPM

Add the ondrej/php which has PHP 7.4 FPM package and other required PHP extensions.

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php -y
sudo apt update

Install PHP 7.4 and some common extensions.

sudo apt install php7.4-fpm php7.4-common php7.4-mysql php7.4-xml php7.4-xmlrpc php7.4-curl php7.4-gd php7.4-imagick php7.4-cli php7.4-dev php7.4-imap php7.4-mbstring php7.4-opcache php7.4-soap php7.4-zip php7.4-intl php7.4-bcmath unzip -y

Once PHP 7.4 FPM is installed you can configure your domain name with Caddy.

Configure Domain and Webroot in Caddy

Create a new directory for your website files and configure correct permissions.

sudo mkdir /var/www
sudo chown www-data:www-data /var/www
sudo nano /var/www/index.html

Create a Caddy file named Caddyfile inside /etc/caddy/ and configure your domain name with HTTPS.

sudo nano /etc/caddy/Caddyfile

Copy the below configuration and paste it inside this file.

https://domain.com {
     root /var/www/

     log /var/log/caddy/domain.log

     tls on
     gzip

     fastcgi / /run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock {
         ext .php
         split .php
         index index.php
     }
}

Hit CTRL + X followed by Y and ENTER to save and exit the file.

Restart/Start Caddy to have the changes available and Let’s Encrypt configured automatically.

sudo service caddy start

If you have your Caddy server started before you can restart using the following command.

sudo service caddy restart

Now you can check the status of Caddy using the following command.

sudo service caddy status

You should see an output similar to the one below.

Output
● caddy.service - Caddy HTTP/2 web server
    Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/caddy.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
    Active: active (running) since Thu 2020-01-30 09:34:54 UTC; 3s ago
      Docs: https://caddyserver.com/docs
  Main PID: 24533 (caddy)
     Tasks: 6 (limit: 661)
    CGroup: /system.slice/caddy.service
            └─24533 /usr/local/bin/caddy -log stdout -log-timestamps=false -agree=true -conf=/etc/caddy/Caddyfile -root=/var/tmp

If you get any error about Certificate Maintenance or JSON parse, you can try the following steps listed below. If you are fine you can skip it.

sudo rm -rf /etc/ssl/caddy*

Setup Test PHP file

Create a new file to output the installed PHP information.

sudo nano /var/www/index.php

Enter the following code inside it and save the file.

<?php phpinfo();

Verify the Caddy Setup

Once you have restarted Caddy and completed all the setups listed above you can check your domain in your web browser.

You should see the PHP information and your domain loaded with HTTPS.

Prepare yourself for a role working as an Information Technology Professional with Linux operating system

Conclusion

Now you have learned how to install Caddy with PHP 7.4 and also configure HTTPS using Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu.

Thanks for your time. If you face any problem or any feedback, please leave a comment below.

Original article source at: https://www.cloudbooklet.com/

#php #https #ubuntu 

Nat  Grady

Nat Grady

1670417646

How to Install Caddy with PHP & HTTPS using Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu

Install Caddy with PHP & HTTPS using Let’sEncrypt on Ubuntu. In this guide you are going to learn how to install Caddy with PHP 7.4 and also configure HTTPs on Ubuntu 18.04.

Caddy is a open source web server with automatic HTTPS written in Go language. It takes care of TLS certificate renewals, OCSP stapling, static file serving, reverse proxying, and more.

This tutorial is tested on Google Cloud and AWS, so it works fine on other cloud services like Azure, DigitalOcean or any VPS or any Dedicated servers running Ubuntu.

If you are on Google Cloud you should follow the below listed prerequisites.

Prerequisites for Google Cloud

  1. Your Compute Engine Instance running.
  2. For setting up Compute Engine, see the Setting up Compute Engine Instance.
  3. Set up Cloud DNS, see the Setting up Google Cloud DNS for your domain.

If you are on AWS you should follow these below listed prerequisites.

Prerequisites for AWS

  1. A running EC2 Instance. Learn how to create an AWS EC2 instance.
  2. Assigned a Elastic IP to your EC2 Instance.
  3. Setup and configure Route 53 and point your domain to AWS.
  4. Successful SSH connection to your EC2 Instance.

SSH to your EC2 Instance and perform the steps listed below.

Initial Server Setup

Let’s start by updating the local package index with the following command to the latest available version.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Once the update is done you can start the installation of Caddy.

Install Caddy

Once you have your server setup and domain name pointed to your server you can proceed to install Caddy.

Execute the following commands to install Caddy.

curl https://getcaddy.com | sudo bash -s personal

Once the installation is completed you will get an output similar to the one below.

Output
Putting caddy in /usr/local/bin (may require password)
Caddy v1.0.4 (h1:wwuGSkUHo6RZ3oMpeTt7J09WBB87X5o+IZN4dKehcQE=)
Successfully installed

This output shows Caddy is installed in /usr/local/bin.

You can check the version of Caddy installed using this command.

caddy -version

Configure Caddy

Now you need to allow Caddy binary to bind to ports 80 and 443.

Setup directories for Caddy.

sudo mkdir /etc/caddy
sudo mkdir /etc/ssl/caddy 
sudo mkdir /var/log/caddy 

Configure correct permissions.

sudo chown -R root:root /etc/caddy
sudo chown -R root:www-data /etc/ssl/caddy
sudo chown -R root:www-data /var/log/caddy 
sudo chmod 0770 /etc/ssl/caddy

Configure Caddy Systemd service unit

Now you can create a systemd service file for Caddy which is available in the official repository and reload the demon for the changes to be available.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/caddyserver/caddy/master/dist/init/linux-systemd/caddy.service
sudo cp caddy.service /etc/systemd/system/
sudo chown root:root /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service
sudo chmod 644 /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service
sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Install PHP 7.4 FPM

Add the ondrej/php which has PHP 7.4 FPM package and other required PHP extensions.

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php -y
sudo apt update

Install PHP 7.4 and some common extensions.

sudo apt install php7.4-fpm php7.4-common php7.4-mysql php7.4-xml php7.4-xmlrpc php7.4-curl php7.4-gd php7.4-imagick php7.4-cli php7.4-dev php7.4-imap php7.4-mbstring php7.4-opcache php7.4-soap php7.4-zip php7.4-intl php7.4-bcmath unzip -y

Once PHP 7.4 FPM is installed you can configure your domain name with Caddy.

Configure Domain and Webroot in Caddy

Create a new directory for your website files and configure correct permissions.

sudo mkdir /var/www
sudo chown www-data:www-data /var/www
sudo nano /var/www/index.html

Create a Caddy file named Caddyfile inside /etc/caddy/ and configure your domain name with HTTPS.

sudo nano /etc/caddy/Caddyfile

Copy the below configuration and paste it inside this file.

https://domain.com {
     root /var/www/

     log /var/log/caddy/domain.log

     tls on
     gzip

     fastcgi / /run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock {
         ext .php
         split .php
         index index.php
     }
}

Hit CTRL + X followed by Y and ENTER to save and exit the file.

Restart/Start Caddy to have the changes available and Let’s Encrypt configured automatically.

sudo service caddy start

If you have your Caddy server started before you can restart using the following command.

sudo service caddy restart

Now you can check the status of Caddy using the following command.

sudo service caddy status

You should see an output similar to the one below.

Output
● caddy.service - Caddy HTTP/2 web server
    Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/caddy.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
    Active: active (running) since Thu 2020-01-30 09:34:54 UTC; 3s ago
      Docs: https://caddyserver.com/docs
  Main PID: 24533 (caddy)
     Tasks: 6 (limit: 661)
    CGroup: /system.slice/caddy.service
            └─24533 /usr/local/bin/caddy -log stdout -log-timestamps=false -agree=true -conf=/etc/caddy/Caddyfile -root=/var/tmp

If you get any error about Certificate Maintenance or JSON parse, you can try the following steps listed below. If you are fine you can skip it.

sudo rm -rf /etc/ssl/caddy*

Setup Test PHP file

Create a new file to output the installed PHP information.

sudo nano /var/www/index.php

Enter the following code inside it and save the file.

<?php phpinfo();

Verify the Caddy Setup

Once you have restarted Caddy and completed all the setups listed above you can check your domain in your web browser.

You should see the PHP information and your domain loaded with HTTPS.

Prepare yourself for a role working as an Information Technology Professional with Linux operating system

Conclusion

Now you have learned how to install Caddy with PHP 7.4 and also configure HTTPS using Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu.

Thanks for your time. If you face any problem or any feedback, please leave a comment below.

Original article source at: https://www.cloudbooklet.com/

#php #https #ubuntu 

Chet  Lubowitz

Chet Lubowitz

1595515560

How to Install TeamViewer on Ubuntu 20.04

TeamViewer is a cross-platform, proprietary application that allows a user to remotely connect to a workstation, transfer files, and have online meetings. In this tutorial, we will walk you through how to install TeamViewer on Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop through the command line.

Prerequisites

Before continuing with this tutorial, make sure you are logged in as a user with sudo privileges.

Installing TeamViewer on Ubuntu

01- To install TeamViewer, first, download the TeamViewer .deb package. So, open the Terminal and run the following wget command.

$ wget https://download.teamviewer.com/download/linux/teamviewer_amd64.deb

02- Once you have downloaded the TeamViewer‘s Debian package, execute the following command to install Teamviewer:

$ sudo apt install ./teamviewer_amd64.deb

The system will prompt you with a [Y/n] option. Type ‘Y‘ and hit the enter key in order for to continue the installation.

03- Once the installation is done, you can launch TeamViewer either by typing the command teamviewer in your terminal or by clicking on the TeamViewer icon (Activities -> TeamViewer).

04- A pop-up License Agreement will be displayed. To proceed, click on the Accept License Agreement button.

#linux #ubuntu #install teamviewer #install teamviewer ubuntu #teamviewer #teamviewer ubuntu #teamviewer ubuntu install #ubuntu install teamviewer