Why Cerebras Keeps Making Bigger Chips? Cerebras Systems is known for its avant-garde largest chip designs. The chipmaker has once again managed to turn heads with the announcement of Wafer Scale Engine 2 (WSE 2), the world’s largest chip, based on 7nm process node.
Cerebras Systems is known for its avant-garde chip designs. The chipmaker has once again managed to turn heads with the announcement of Wafer Scale Engine 2 (WSE 2), the world’s largest chip, based on 7nm process node.
Measuring roughly around 46,225 mm square (50 times the size of the largest GPU) and a processor with almost one million cores (850,000), WSE2 is a 123x improvement over the Ampere A100, NVIDIA’s largest GPU with 54 billion transistors and 7,433 cores.
When the semiconductor industry is striving to build smaller components, the introduction of the Wafer Scale Engine (WSE 1) caught everyone off-guard. Cerebras Systems has designed and manufactured the largest chip exclusively for optimised deep learning. Deep learning is one of the most computationally intensive workloads. Moreover, DL is quite time-consuming as it uses multiple layer loops to extract higher-level features from the raw input. The only way to reduce training time is to cut down the time taken for inputs to pass through multiple layer loops, which can be achieved by increasing the number of cores to increase calculation speed. The Wafer Scale Engine was built to address this need.
Two years ago, Cerebras challenged Moore’s Law with the Cerebras Wafer Scale Engine (WSE). The previous generation of WSE chip with 1.2 trillion transistors trounced Moore’s law by a huge margin. Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on a microchip doubles every two years, while the cost of computers is halved.
According to Our World Data, till 2019, the next largest transistor count for a microprocessor is AMD’s Epyc Rome processor with 39.54 billion transistors. WSE might as well be the tipping point for the semiconductor industry bringing forth a new era of AI chips which quadruple the number of transistors every year. The newly developed AI chip WSE 2 with 2.6 trillion transistors is proof of that possibility.
So, what was the purpose of introducing a big chip? Was it just to prove Moore’s Law was wrong? The answer is much more practical. According to Andre Feldman, co-founder and CEO of Cerebras Systems, the logic behind the size of WSE is quite simple. Usually, a large amount of data is required to accelerate AI, and the processing speed is crucial.
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